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Ancient India (Buddhism) (9-23-14) -Buddhism was founded in India, but mainly spread to East and Southeast Asia. Today, few people in India are Buddhist. -Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha GAUTAMA, who came to be called the BUDDHA (“Enlightened One”). -The Buddha taught that anyone could achieve NIRVANA (release from the cycle of rebirth and death and all its suffering). -Buddha REJECTED Hinduism’s CASTE SYSTEM! -Buddhists also believe in reincarnation. Their name for “Moksha” (release from the cycle of death and rebirth) is called NIRVANA. -To find inner peace and happiness, Buddha taught that people should not desire things (like money and power). -Buddha taught the way to achieve NIRVANA is by understanding the FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS (why there is suffering in the world) and following the EIGHTFOLD PATH (how to lead a good life). -Theravada Buddhism- The older type of Buddhism. Practiced in Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand & Cambodia (Southeast Asia). Buddhism is a philosophy and the followers see Buddha as a teacher (not a god). -Mahayana Buddhism- Practiced mainly in China, Vietnam, Korea and Japan (East Asia). Buddhism is a religion and followers see Buddha as a god. -Stupa: A shrine that houses Buddhist relics. -Pagodas are usually Buddhist temples or shrines.