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Unit 5 Study Guide Review
• 1. Which political agreement instituted the
Fugitive Slave Law?
Compromise of 1850
• 2. What group believed in states rights?
• Secessionists
• 3. What issue regarding the economy lead to the
Civil War?
• 4. What was the purpose of both the Missouri
Compromise and the Compromise of 1850?
• Resolve disputes over slavery
• 5. What was the purpose of the Compromise of
• The Compromise of 1850 consists of five laws
passed in September of 1850 that dealt with the
issue of slavery. As part of the Compromise of
1850, the Fugitive Slave Act was amended.
California entered the Union as a free state.
• 6. Who was Alexander Stephens and what role
did he play in both Georgia’s decision to secede
and the new confederate government?
• Georgia Congressman who played a key role in
getting Georgia to accept the Compromise of
1850, voted against slavery in 1861, and became
Vice President of the Confederacy.
• 7. What did secessionist believe?
• The South must break away from the Union before
the federal government rips away all our rights.
• 8. Who stated that he would not act to ensure
Georgia respect the decision of the Supreme Court in
(Wocester vs Georgia) and who was he talking to?
• Andrew Jackson to John Marshall
• 9. What does the following statement represent?
“Georgia would support the Compromise of 1850 so
long as the federal government did not outlaw slavery
in the western territories.”
• The Georgia Platform
• 10.What federal law re-ignited the slavery debate
by allowing popular sovereignty to decide the
issue of slavery in the previously free territory of
• Kansas-Nebraska Act
• 11.How did Georgians feel about the election of
Abraham Lincoln?
• They were upset with the election
• 12. Part of the war was fought in the Eastern
Theater and part in the Western Theater. Which
theater did the majority of Georgians fight in?
• Eastern
• 13. What document stated the belief that states
have the right to ignore any federal law believed
to violate the Constitution?
• Doctrine of Nullification
• 14. What was the purpose of the Union’s
• To keep the south from trading goods by ships
• 15. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
• It freed the slaves in the Confederate States
• 16. Why did Sherman think it was important to
conquer Atlanta?
• It was an important railroad hub
• 17. The process of rebuilding the South after the Civil
War was known as what?
• Reconstruction
• 18. What was the court case that denied a slave, both
his freedom and the right to sue the government;
struck down the Missouri Compromise – stating that
no state could deny a slave owner of his “property”
without due process; outraged abolitionist, but was
supported by slave owners in the South?
• Dred Scott Case
• 19. Who was the Republican elected in 1860 who
opposed slavery in the new Territories, which upset the
southern states and inspired them to secede from the
• Abraham Lincoln
• 20. What did some African-Americans in Georgia
do after the war?
• Some won elections to political parties
• 21. What amendments freed African-Americans
from slavery, gave former slaves the right to vote,
gave African-Americans the same rights that
white citizens enjoyed by law.
• 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments
• 22. What plan was designed to squeeze the life
out of the Confederacy by cutting off supplies and
• Union Blockade of Southern Ports
• 23. Who was the African-American politician
that agreed would agree that “Blacks cannot
hope to get justice in the South and should
leave for Africa?” Henry McNeal Turner
• 24. How did the Civil War affect Georgia?
Thousands of Georgians lost their lives while
many others were affected at home
• 25. Which amendment ended slavery
throughout the United States?
13th Amendment
• 26. True or False - A member of the Ku Klux
Klan would have least supported the Radical
• 27. Where did the battle of Chickamauga
occur? Northern Georgia
• 28. Who did the Freedmen’s Bureau help in
the South after the Civil War? AfricanAmericans in the South after the Civil War
• 29. The idea that states should be allowed to
settle most matters themselves and have the
power to govern what goes on inside their
own borders is called what? States’ Rights
• 30. Who was a great military general for the
Confederacy who lost at Gettysburg and
eventually surrendered at Appomatox
Courthouse? Robert E. Lee
• 31. What was the bloodiest, single-day, battle
of the war? Antietam
• 32. What battle was fought in northern Georgia
that was a victory for the South, resulting in
Lincoln replacing the commander of the Union
troops? Battle of Chickamauga
• 33. What was the event that happened from
Atlanta to Savannah in which troops burned
buildings, destroyed rail lines, burned factories,
demolished bridges, crippling the South’s ability
to make and ship supplies? Sherman’s March to
the Sea
• 34. What was one of the most effective strategies
used by the Union to defeat the Confederacy?
Naval Blockades
• 35. What was the notorious southern prison in
Georgia where many Union prisoners were
treated badly, died from disease and starvation,
resulting in the execution of a military
commander for war crimes? Andersonville
• 36. What is a system in which freed slaves agreed
to work a white landowners land in exchange for
housing and a percentage of any products
produced? Sharecropping
• 37. What was the name of the African-American
elected to the legislature during Reconstruction;
who encouraged freed slaves to move to Africa?
Henry McNeal Turner
• 38. What was the name of the agreement that
allowed Republican Rutherford B. Hayes to be
president in exchange for the US government
ending Reconstruction? Compromise of 1877
• 39. Who was the cooperationist that opposed
secession at the Georgia convention?
Alexander Stephens
• 40. What event placed Atlanta under Union
control and reignited support for President
Lincoln in the North? Sherman’s Atlanta
• 41. What was a family doing when they rented
a portion of private land and owned the crops
they grew? Tenant Farming
• 42. What group of Americans routinely
terrorized, lynched, and violated the civil
rights of African-American citizens?
Ku Klux Klan
• 43. In 1867 what was the name given to white
southerners who supported the Republican
Party? Scalawags
• 44. For roughly a hundred years, only
Democrats won elections for high offices in
the south; giving them a strong grip on
southern political power. This was known as
what? Solid South
• 45. What group supported a stricter form of
Reconstruction that punished the South,
required the majority of a southern state’s
population to swear allegiance to the Union,
guaranteed the civil rights of freed slaves, and
led an effort to impeach President Johnson?
Radical Republicans
• 46. What amendment to the US Constitution
guaranteed African-American men the right to
vote? 15th Amendment
• 47. Which battle tried to prevent Sherman
from reaching Atlanta? Kennesaw Mountain
• 48. A ship that attempted to break through
the Union forces to take southern cotton
overseas or bring supplies from overseas to
the South were called what? Blockade
• 49. Historically, what kinds of goods and services have
been produced in Georgia? Rice, Indigo, Lumber,
Tobacco, Cotton, Turpentine, Peanuts, Soybeans,
Corn, Paper, and Poultry
• 50. What best describes how Georgians have engaged
in trade in different historical time periods?
• Before the Revolutionary War, the colony supplied
raw materials in the form of rice, indigo, lumber and
naval stores, and regularly purchased manufactured
goods from the mother country.
• Cotton fueled the economy.
• After the war, many colonies had to make difficult
decisions about how to respond to serious economic
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