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The Renaissance
Rebirth of classical culture and
learning
The Renaissance began in Italy
• Began in Italy around
1300
• New styles in art,
writing and thought
• Spread to the
Netherlands, France,
Germany, and England
Italy nurtured the Renaissance
• Urban centers
• Power of merchants
The Italian city of Florence was
the center of trade and wealth
during the Quatrocentro
• French and English armies during the
Hundred Years War were paid with florins.
• Democratic atmosphere
• 21 different guilds
• Cosimo de Medici wealthiest man of his
time
How did the Crusades aid the
Renaissance?
• Change in values
• Brought back learning
and new ideas from
the Middle East
New Values Shaped the
Renaissance
• Artists and writers were eager to be known
as individuals
• Love of classical learning flourished
• Enjoyment of worldly pleasures
• Idea of the ideal man changed
• Idea of the ideal women changed
Martin V returned to Rome
• Rome was in shocking
disrepair
• the Renaissance popes
were anxious to make
Rome a showplace to
glorify themselves and
God
Renaissance Art
• Artists began painting
and sculpting lifelike
images
• Often art would
glorify the human
body
• Discovered techniques
to use perspective
Massaccio
• First to use
perspective
Michelangelo
• David
• Sistine Chapel
Giotto
• Painted life-like
frescoes
Leonardo da Vinci
• Mona Lisa
• Last Supper
• Science experiments
and inventions
Raphael
• Paintings
• Murals
Donatello
• Sculpture
• First free standing
nude since Rome
• Flattering portraits of
Madonna
Rembrandt
• Flemish School of Art
Writers helped spread the
Renaissance spirit
New ideas challenged the medieval
ways.
Dante
• Divine
Comedy
• Inferno is
part of it
Renaissance ideals spread to the
northern courts
•
•
•
•
•
France
Germany
Flanders
England
Scandanavia
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