Mental Illness Notes
... A Physical brain disorder that
profoundly disrupts an individuals’
ability to think, feel, and relate to
others and their environment.
The Environmental Science of Mood Disorders
... • Patients with multiple unexplained
• Patients excessively worried about
serious illness (hypochondriasis)
• Patients with psychiatric disorders with
somatic symptoms (depression;
... A variety of psychological conditions that
affect a person’s ability to get along
Chapter 17 - Disorders
... discussion of the stressor event and may even experience
amnesia for it.
Ironically: Treatment often includes intensive therapy, and
... disorders and problems. Anxiety isn’t limited
to anxiety disorders.
• Somatoform disorders are physical symptoms
with psychological origins.
• Hypochondriasis is a preoccupation that you
have a serious physical disease despite no
Disorders and treatment – KEY TERMS 1. Hallucinations 2
... • Discuss the major diagnostic categories, including anxiety and somatoform disorders, mood
disorders, schizophrenia, organic disturbance, personality disorders, and dissociative disorders,
and their corresponding symptoms.
• Evaluate the strengths and limitations of various approaches to explaining ...
What Causes Mental Illness?
... – Having two or more distinct personalities, which can
show different physical conditions and are often the
exact opposite of each other
Slide 1 - My Haiku
... symptoms may be different between teens and adults.
The following symptoms of depression are more common in
teenagers than in adults:
Irritable or angry mood – Irritability, rather than sadness, can cause a
depressed teenager to be grumpy, hostile, or easily frustrated.
Unexplained aches and pains – ...
... 3. According to the adjustment definition of normal, what type of person would be
4. How do some theorists view mental health as similar to physical health?
5. At what point should a psychological problem be considered an “illness”?
6. Why are psychological problems more difficult to cla ...
chapter 16 review
... You may use charts or bullets when appropriate.
1. List the criteria for judging whether behavior is disordered.
2. Describe the system used to classify psychological disorders and explain the
reasons for its development.
3. Discuss the controversy surrounding the use of diagnostic labels.
4. Discus ...
Treatments for Mental Illness
... – tricyclics: imipramine, desipramine
– monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
– selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs):
fluoxetine, sertraline, paroxetine, citalopram
– new: bupropion
Mental Disorder Notes File
... A person becomes disconnected from their former identity.
A) Schizophrenia: severe disturbances in thinking, mood, awareness, behavior.
Mind is separated from reality. Ex: irrational fears not based in reality
B) Multiple Personality Disorder: switching between two or more separate
personalities. Un ...
PSY 111 Practice Quiz Psychological Disorders Answers will be
... (6) Describe the medical model of psychological disorders.
The medical model suggests that disorders can be cured like a disease. This idea is tied to
the discovery of underlying biological causes for many disorders and the description of
symptoms for the disorders.
... GABA and Glutumate
• Consist of amino acids
– GABA - produces only inhibitory postsynaptic
– Glutamate – widely distributed in the brain,
only has excitatory effects
Somatoform and Dissociative Disorders
... No Well Established Treatments
Address the Trauma
Remove Sources of Secondary Gain
Reduce supportive consequences of talk
about physical symptoms
psych mod 22 terms
... Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV-Test Revision (DSM-IVTR): a uniform system for assessing specific symptoms and matching them to almost 300
different mental disorders
Labeling: identifying and naming differences among individuals, the label, which places
individuals into spec ...
Psychological Disorders When is behavior likely to be labeled as
... Which therapeutic approach is more interested in removing specific troubling symptoms than with
providing special insights?
What is systematic desensitization? Describe.
What is behavior modification?
What is the focus of cognitive therapy?
What is the role of the therapist working from the cogniti ...
Key terms - Ms. Paras
... Reading Guide Due: Thursday, March 2nd
Exam (combined with Abnormal Behavior): Wednesday, March 8th
This section of the course provides students with an understanding of empirically based
treatments of psychological disorders. The topic emphasizes descriptions of treatment modalities
based on variou ...
... • Two main theoretical models of treatment
– Medical Model
• Diseases, including psychological disorders, have physical
causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and controlled or cured
(in most cases).
• May include need for hospitalization.
– Bio-psycho-social Model (perspective)
• All behavior, incl ...
An anxiolytic (also antipanic or antianxiety agent) is a medication or other intervention that inhibits anxiety. This effect is in contrast to anxiogenic agents, which increase anxiety. Together these categories of psychoactive compounds or interventions may be referred to as anxiotropic compounds/agents. Some recreational drugs such as ethanol (alcohol) induce anxiolysis initially, however studies show that many of these drugs are anxiogenic. Anxiolytic medications have been used for the treatment of anxiety and its related psychological and physical symptoms. Anxiolytics have been shown to be useful in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Light therapy and other interventions have also been found to have an anxiolytic effect.Beta-receptor blockers such as propranolol and oxprenolol, although not anxiolytics, can be used to combat the somatic symptoms of anxiety, as tachycardia and palpitations.Anxiolytics are also known as minor tranquilizers. The term is less common in modern texts, and was originally derived from a dichotomy with major tranquilizers, also known as neuroleptics or antipsychotics.