Defining Abnormality Notes
... o Normal = whatever most people do in a given situation
o Abnormal = do other than what the majority does
o Normal = control over action, knowledge of right and wrong, “sane”
o Abnormal = cannot distinguish between right/wrong, no control, “insane”
o Psychological probl ...
... Signs and symptoms:
Deep sadness/irritable mood.
isolation from family and /or friends.
Changes in appetite; significant weight
gain or loss; eating disorders.
Sleep problems - too much or too little.
Expressions of low self worth.
Lack of interest in activities that once
... him or her from leading a happy,
healthful, and productive life.
Abnormal Psychology Overview
... When one feels psychological pain such as in depression or
Diagnoses of psychological disorders all involve VALUE
JUDGEMENTS and CULTURAL NORMS about what is normal
Both are fallible and change with social trends.
... • Disorder in which real or imagined fears
prevent a person from enjoying life
– Phobia: when a person goes to extreme
measures to avoid a fear
– General anxiety disorder: feels anxious, fearful,
and upset most of the time, but for no specific
... research into the classification, causation, diagnosis,
prevention, and the treatment of psychological disorders or
Chapter 8 Lesson 4
... • Feeling anxious, sad or fearful is natural.
• If feelings continue for long period of time
and make people feel out of control or
unable to deal with life may signal mental
• Sometimes it has a physical cause, injury
to brain, effects of drug use, genentics
Chapter_9_Outline-2 - McKinney ISD Staff Sites
... f. Conduct Disorder- a pattern of behavior in which the rights of others or
basic social rules are violated.
i. More common in males than females.
ii. May project an image of toughness, but usually have low selfesteem.
iii. May have symptoms of other disorders, i.e. anxiety and
iv. With ...
What is Abnormality?
... Medical conditions
Social and environmental stressors
Level of functioning
What is Abnormal Psychology?
... • Once admitted, “stopped” hearing these voices
• Seven received diagnosis of Schizophrenia
• Stays ranged from 7 to 52 days, average of 19 days
Typical or Troubled Presentation
... challenges, inability to form
• Without treatment, more
likely to have serious
... Low incomes, low levels of education, poor employment
environments, low self-esteem, gender roles and stereotypes,
discrimination, individual personality traits, tragic events
Chapter 3 Notes/powerpoint
... Types of Mental Disorders
• Anxiety disorders – constant fear, physical symptoms do
not subside, chest pain, difficulty breathing, phobias are
• Phobias – irrational fears
• Panic disorder – extreme terror, may come on very
• Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) – uncontrollable
... Major depressive disorder: extreme sadness, loss
of interest, lower self-esteem, somatic concerns, etc.
Dysthymic disorder: milder, chronic form of
Bipolar disorder: one or more manic episodes with
periods of depression
Cyclothymic disorder: milder, chronic form of
SUBSTANCE ABUSE DISORDERS Different substances affect the
... The person gives up or reduces important social , occupational or recreational activities
because of substance use
Substances which are abused:
Alcohol makes people less alert and impairs concentration and coordination. Long term
problems with alcohol use can occur in many areas- physical, psycholog ...
Causes of mental disorders
As defined by experts, a mental disorder is ""a clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome or psychological pattern that occurs in an individual and that is associated with present disability or with a significantly increased risk of suffering, death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom.""The causes of mental disorders are generally complex and vary depending on the particular disorder and the individual. Although the causes of some mental disorders are unknown, it has been found that different biological, psychological, and environmental factors can all contribute to the development or progression of mental disorders. Most mental disorders are a result of a combination of several different factors rather than just a single factor.