Power, Privilege, and Oppression
... value that is denied to others simply because of the groups they belong to, rather than because of anything they’ve done or failed to do
(Peggy McIntosh). Privilege can manifest through visible advantages such as access to wealth, professional opportunities, and social status,
as well as more subtly ...
Movement Building Definitions
... oppression. The same word can have very different meanings for
different people. It is easy to offend others without intending to when
we are not careful about language.
Language is important for another reason. The language we learn and
use actually shapes how we think and how we see the world. You ...
Cultural Diversity: A Primer for the Human Services
... Americans on the basis of skin color
Core component of daily White experience
Often not acknowledged or denied in order to
avoid guilt or the relinquishing of privilege
May be invisible to European Americans, but is
very visible to people of color
The Impact of African American Skin Tone Bias in the
... Critical human resource development (HRD) is a practice that focuses on exploring and
addressing issues of power, privilege, and inequities in organizations. A critical perspective has
been supported by several HRD and adult education scholars (Bierema & Cseh, 2003;
Cunningham, 2004; Fenwick, 2004; ...
Key Terms ~ Race and Racism
... Active Racism
“Actions which have as their stated or explicit goal the maintenance of the system of
racism and the oppression of those in targeted racial groups. People who participate in
active racism advocate the continual subjugation of members of the targeted racial groups
and protection of ‘the ...
Links - criticalsociology
... – When they do reveal their status, the announcement of one’s
stigmatized status moves one from discreditable to discreditedthey are no longer passing
» This can be a tough decision that is faced daily
... privilege applies to them. Students see a visual representation of the cumulative effects of privilege. The set of
statements can reflect privilege based on social class, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or gender. Regardless of
which set is chosen, we find students want to discuss other groups that a ...
White privilege (or white skin privilege) is a term for societal privileges that benefit white people in Western countries beyond what is commonly experienced by non-white people under the same social, political, or economic circumstances. According to McIntosh and Lee, whites in a society considered culturally a part of the Western World enjoy advantages that non-whites do not experience. The term denotes both obvious and less obvious passive advantages that white persons may not recognize they have, which distinguishes it from overt bias or prejudice. These include cultural affirmations of one's own worth; presumed greater social status; and freedom to move, buy, work, play, and speak freely. The effects can be seen in professional, educational, and personal contexts. The concept of white privilege also implies the right to assume the universality of one's own experiences, marking others as different or exceptional while perceiving oneself as normal.Academic perspectives such as critical race theory and whiteness studies use the concept of ""white privilege"" to analyze how racism and racialized societies affect the lives of white people.Some critics argue that the term uses the concept of ""whiteness"" as a proxy for class or other social privilege or as a distraction from deeper underlying problems of inequality. Others argue that it is not that whiteness is a proxy but that many other social privileges are interconnected with it, requiring complex and careful analysis to identify whiteness' contributions to privilege. Other critics of the idea propose alternate definitions of whiteness and exceptions to or limits of white identity, arguing that the concept of ""white privilege"" ignores important differences between white subpopulations and individuals. This means that the notion of whiteness is not inclusive of all white people. Critics of white privilege also note that there is a problem with the interpretation of people of color. That is, it fails to acknowledge the diversity of people of color and ethnicity within these groups.