Plug-in electric vehicles in the Netherlands
The fleet of plug-in electric vehicles in the Netherlands is the second largest per capita in the world after Norway. During 2013, the Netherlands reached a market penetration for highway-capable plug-in electric vehicles of around 1.71 vehicles per 1,000 people, over three times as high as the world's two largest plug-in electric vehicle markets, the United States and Japan. The Dutch plug-in electric drive segment's market share surged almost ten times from 2012 to 5.34% new car sales in the country during that year, achieving the world's second highest in 2013 after Norway (5.6%). The Netherlands is the second country, after Norway, where plug-in electric cars have topped the monthly ranking of new car sales. The Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV was the top selling new car twice in 2013, first in November and again in DecemberAs of December 2014, a total of 45,020 highway legal plug-in electric vehicles were registered in the Netherlands, consisting of 36,937 range-extended or plug-in hybrids, 6,825 pure electric cars, and 1,258 all-electric light utility vans. When buses, trucks, motorcycles, quadricycles and tricycles are accounted for, the Dutch plug-in electric-drive fleet climbs to 46,111 units. The country's electric vehicle stock reaches 73,574 units when mopeds (3,441), electric bicycles (23,850), and microcars (172) are accounted for.As of December 2012, the Netherlands was the country with the highest ratio of slow charging points to electric vehicles (EVSE/EV), with a ratio of more than 0.50, while the U.S had a slow EVSE/EV ratio of 0.20. The Netherlands' mix of slow and fast chargers has allowed it to become the country with the highest number of charging point per capita in the world. As of December 2013, there were 3,521 slow charging points available 24/7 to the public, 2,249 slow charging point with limited public access, and 106 public and semi-public fast charging points.As part of its commitment to environmental sustainability, the Dutch government initiated a plan to establish over 200 recharging stations for electric vehicles across the country by 2015. The rollout will be undertaken by Switzerland-based power and automation company ABB and Dutch startup Fastned, and will aim to provide at least one station every 50 km (31 mi) for the country's 16 million residents.