Download Study Guide – Social Studies Test 1 Lesson 1 Continent

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Study Guide – Social Studies Test 1
Lesson 1
Continent- main bodies of land
Ocean- a very large body of water
Parallels of latitude – imaginary lines that run east to west around Earth
Meridians of longitude – imaginary lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole
Canal- human made waterway dug across land
Know names and locations of all the continents and oceans
North America
Pacific Ocean
South America
Atlantic Ocean
Indian Ocean
Arctic Ocean
Southern Ocean
Lesson 2
Identify Geographic features on a map
Tributary – a river or stream that flows into a larger river
Plain – a mostly flat, low area of land
Plateau – a flat, high area of land
Peninsula – piece of land bordered by water on three sides (almost an island)
Elevation – height above sea level or the surface of the ocean
Relief – difference in elevation
Lesson 3
Identify and Describe Geographic Regions on a map
Regions – an area or zone that has similar characteristics
Harbor- protected area of water where ships can dock safely
Mountain range – a group of mountains that are arranged in a row
Erosion – the process by which water, wind, or ice wears away land features
Basin – a low area of land that is surrounded by higher ground
Fertile – good for farming
Glacier – a large sheet of ice that moves slowly over land
Tundra – flat, treeless areas of land found in the cold, northern regions of North America, Europe or Asia
Geographic Regions – Location and Geographic features –
Coastal Plain
The Interior Lowlands
The Great Plains
The Appalachian Highlands
The Rocky Mountains
The Basin and Range Region
The Coastal Range Region
The Canadian Shield
Lesson 4
Bodies of Water
Interact – to take an action that occurs between or among two or more people
Immigrant – a person who changes the country in which he or she lives
Port – an exact place where ships are stopped on a body of water to be loaded and unloaded
Inlet- a small body of water that extends from a larger waterway
River System – many rivers working together to move water
Gateway – a river or city that opens a path or connection between two places
Explain the importance of:
Continental Divide
Erie Canal
Rio Grande
Gulf of Mexico
St. Lawrence Seaway
Ohio River
Columbia River
Missouri River
Rural Areas
Mississippi River
Great Lakes – Name all of the Great lakes using the word HOMES
Lesson 5
Environment – surroundings
Natural resource – something from nature that people use
Rural – open land and few buildings, country
Urban – city areas
Frontier – border or edge of settled territory
Industry – all of the businesses that make one kind of product or provide one kind of service
Land use - the way most of the land in a place is used
Crossroads – a place where two or more roads or waterways meet
Lessons 1-5
Explain why the Mississippi River was so important?
What is the importance of building cities near waterways?
What improvements were made to help improve westward movement?