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Download Study Guide – Social Studies Test 1 Lesson 1 Continent
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Study Guide – Social Studies Test 1 Lesson 1 Continent- main bodies of land Ocean- a very large body of water Parallels of latitude – imaginary lines that run east to west around Earth Meridians of longitude – imaginary lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole Canal- human made waterway dug across land Know names and locations of all the continents and oceans North America Pacific Ocean South America Atlantic Ocean Europe Indian Ocean Asia Arctic Ocean Africa Southern Ocean Australia Antarctica Lesson 2 Identify Geographic features on a map Tributary – a river or stream that flows into a larger river Plain – a mostly flat, low area of land Plateau – a flat, high area of land Peninsula – piece of land bordered by water on three sides (almost an island) Elevation – height above sea level or the surface of the ocean Relief – difference in elevation Lesson 3 Identify and Describe Geographic Regions on a map Regions – an area or zone that has similar characteristics Harbor- protected area of water where ships can dock safely Mountain range – a group of mountains that are arranged in a row Erosion – the process by which water, wind, or ice wears away land features Basin – a low area of land that is surrounded by higher ground Fertile – good for farming Glacier – a large sheet of ice that moves slowly over land Tundra – flat, treeless areas of land found in the cold, northern regions of North America, Europe or Asia Geographic Regions – Location and Geographic features – Coastal Plain The Interior Lowlands The Great Plains The Appalachian Highlands The Rocky Mountains The Basin and Range Region The Coastal Range Region The Canadian Shield Lesson 4 Bodies of Water Interact – to take an action that occurs between or among two or more people Immigrant – a person who changes the country in which he or she lives Port – an exact place where ships are stopped on a body of water to be loaded and unloaded Inlet- a small body of water that extends from a larger waterway River System – many rivers working together to move water Gateway – a river or city that opens a path or connection between two places Explain the importance of: Continental Divide Erie Canal Rio Grande Gulf of Mexico St. Lawrence Seaway Ohio River Columbia River Missouri River Rural Areas Mississippi River Great Lakes – Name all of the Great lakes using the word HOMES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Lesson 5 Environment – surroundings Natural resource – something from nature that people use Rural – open land and few buildings, country Urban – city areas Frontier – border or edge of settled territory Industry – all of the businesses that make one kind of product or provide one kind of service Land use - the way most of the land in a place is used Crossroads – a place where two or more roads or waterways meet Lessons 1-5 Explain why the Mississippi River was so important? What is the importance of building cities near waterways? What improvements were made to help improve westward movement?