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NORTH AMERICAN GEOGRAPHY QUIZ 1 Chapters 1-2-3 1) Aboriginal populations in Canada… a. originally migrated there from Mexico after the glaciers melted b. have been completely absorbed into European culture except the Inuits c. are usually referred to as ‘first nations’ d. there were no aboriginal populations when Europeans arrived 2) What might you, as a student, be lacking as compared to students from Canada, Greenland and Mexico… a. taking a second language b. 16 years of free public education c. freedom to travel overseas d. geography as a specific topic in high school 3) Most tectonic activity… a. occurs along the western margin of North America b. is no longer active and shouldn’t happen again c. created the large continental shelves on the Eastern seaboard due to subsidence d. can still be seen as features associated with drumlins and eskers 4) Features that are created because some rocks are soluable are called a. eskers b. karst c. cultural patterns d. faults 5) How fast (in degrees Fahrenheit) does air cool for every 1000 feet up in elevation… a. 1.5 b. 2 c. 3.5 d. 5 6) Areas that have interrelated patterns of landforms, vegetation, soils and hydrology… a. physiographic regions b. functional regions c. watersheds d. biomes 7) With continued global warming, Duluth will next be associated with…. a. deciduous trees b. tundra c. alpine environments d. tropical 8) About how long ago, in years, are people assumed to have arrived in North America… a. 5,000 b. 10,000 c. 25,000 d. 100,000 9) Russian settlements were… a. mostly along the Pacific Rim north of California to Alaska b. never established except where gold was mined c. mostly in Hawaii d. generally north of Labrador 10) Los Angeles… a. was once a Spanish Pueblo b. started out as a Portuguese fishing village c. was viewed as the Native American’s ‘Alamo’ after they lost it to invading Spanish d. is in the only stable geologic plate in North America and does not have earthquakes 11) The Treaty of 1783.. a. was signed by the defeated British Army who were at Valley Forge b. finalized the entire border with what would become Canada c. created the new Township and Range System d. established the western border of the United States as the Mississippi River 12) The Dawes Act a. taxed tea in American Ports b. restricted Native Americans to remain only on Reservations c. established the concept of Native American Reservations as ‘soverign” d. impacted the size of Native American Reservation lands created by treaty 13) Most Canadians… a. speak French as the preferred language b. live west of the Great Lakes c. favor the re-establishment of Common Wealth ties with Great Britain d. live near the border with the United States 14) Institute or politically identified borders are referred to as… a. a formal region b. a functional region c. an metropolitan area d. an archaic system of land surveying 15) Geologic processes that build mountains are are associated with the term a. soluable b. watershed c. karst d. orographic 16) When you drove to school today, you probably experienced… a. karst b. weather c. adiabatic zones d. terror at the thought of taking in this quiz 17) What happens the further from an ocean on a continent… a. wider extremes of summer temperatures as compared to winter temperatures b. more precipitation toward the center c. less extremes of summer temperatures as compared to winter temperatures d. the less likelyhood of having severe storms 18) The Great Basin and Death Valley.. a. are both in the Basin and Range Region b. are the smallest National Parks in America c. were lifted to extremely high elevations due to plate tectonics d. were not impacted by plate tectonics 19) Chaparral… a. is gear worn by cowboys b. refers to vegetation in areas that frequently burns c. is a type of land ownership under Spanish control d. occurs in karst areas 20) Castillo de San Marco… a. became later know as Los Angeles b. was the original name for the Alamo c. was the location of the first railroad bridge across the Grand Canyon d. is the last feature remaining in the oldest continually occupied settlement in N.A. 21) New France… a. was all eventually under British control b. disappeared with the introduction of the metes and bounds system c. later became hearth area of Canada near Vancouver d. used the long lot survey system 22) The Dutch Settlement on Manhattan Island… a. only lasted 2 years b. was part of New Amsterdam c. is technically still owned by the Netherlands d. left no permanent records of where it existed 23) The two European Cultural Hearths established in America… a. were mostly based on religion b. are still the centers that contain the national capitals c. were hypothetical concepts on which the constitution was based d. can be visited since they are both now National Parks 24) Most early English settlements… a. used long lots to sell land to the farmers b. were located in Florida c. d. were based on sea ports and centers for trade 25) Canada… a. has the highest rate of modern immigration to an industrialized country b. cannot be self sufficient because it does not have much agriculture c. has recently decided to model it’s Government after the United States model d. losing more people through migration to the U.S. than are born to replace them 26) The approach used to describe both physical and human setting.. a. is called an ecoregion b. is part of a formal region c. is called Regional Geography d. can be used to determine the most desirable economy for the area 27) There are about how many volcanoes in North America… a. 25 b. 49 c. 70 d. 93 28) The driftless area… a. is a shallow area in the Great Lakes where boats can not cross b. is a major fishing area off the coast of New England c. is the immediate area downwind of a volcano d. is related to the lack of glaciers in western Wisconsin 29) Air Masses… a. take on the characteristics of where they originate b. do not move very far c. have little impact on weather or climate d. always start over the ocean 30) The Twin Cities are in which Climatic Zone… a. Dfa b. Csa c. Csi d. Uffda 31) Today, how much of the original mid continental grasslands are relatively undisturbed… a. 1% b. 5% c. 10% d. 20% 32) Around 1900… a. railroads finally reached the west coast b. there was a major shift of population migrating back to the east coast c. California was acquired from Mexico d. 90% of the aboriginal population was gone 33) Spanish Land Grants include all but which type… a. pueblos b. villas c. ciudades d. patrons 34) Which was not one of the first U.S. hearths… a. Mississippi Delta b. Southern New England c. Chesapeake Bay area d. Middle Colonies 35) Where was the Institutional Fault Line… a. in Southern California b. 100th Meridian c. just off the coast of Washington and Oregon d. it expanded, but was renamed the Mason-Dixon line 36) The acquisition of Hawaii and Alaska… a. were to provide extensive agricultural lands to feed the growing U.S. population b. were part of the concept of Manifest Destiny c. allowed them to later become the 50th and 51st state to the Union d. are stilled viewed by most as a mistake because or their limited natural resources 37) A perceived region is called a… a. venacular region b. formal region c. incorporated area d. nation-state 38) The Fall Line refers to… a. where the British lost many troops during the Revolutionary War b. how low a tide will reach c. the distance a cannon can protect a fort d. the location of waterfalls in the South 39) Hawaii is associated with… a. shield volcanoes b. penguins c. Inuit aboriginals d. a subduction zone 40) Soils are the result of all but… a. farming methods b. parent material c. organics d. moisture 41) How many inches of precipitation are associated with grasslands… a. 5-10 b. 10-20 c. 10-30 d. 20-30 42) A map of Florida drawn a 1700 map would… a. extends up the east coast to the St Lawrence River b. not exist as a labeled or named place on the map c. show up only as the Southern tip of modern Florida d. include Texas 43) Puritan settlers and later immigrants…. a. rarely could buy land b. mostly settled in the South c. often abandoned their original religion d. valued the right to own and manage land 44) The Mason-Dixon Line… a. was designed to show where slavery was banned b. is where the Township and Range System started c. is a monument to show the historic separation of the Civil War North and South d. helped to establish the location of Washington D.C. 45) The Gadson Purchase… a. was for a railroad route b. was taken by force from Poncho Villa c. bought Alaska d. straitened the line between the U.S. and Canada 46) In the 1890s, Minneapolis and St Paul was referred to in the text as… a. the fastest growing metro area in the U.S. b. a location for Scandinavian immigrants c. the King of Flour because of all the flour mills d. the headwaters of the Mississippi 47) Glaciers were mostly gone from North America around how many years ago… a. 5,000 b. 10,000 c. 25,000 d. 100,000 48) Land acquired from Denmark by the U.S. is today know as… a. Alaska b. Isle Royale c. Labrador d. Virgin Islands Select two of the questions below. Answer each with at least five (5) complete sentences. You may type your answers or neatly write them on the back of the scan-tron. -What is the difference between discovery and exploration? -How is today’s landscape a palimpsest? -How did the metes and bound survey system influence today’s cultural landscape? -What are push and pull factors? -Why did the Homestead Acts keep getting larger in acres the further west settlement moved? -Examine Fig. 3.11 on page 56. Why in the upper right diagram does the survey system not match with either alignment or numbering order on opposite sides of the river? -What is meant by ‘timing and opportunities”?