Download Copyright © 2000-2009, S. Stuart Flanagan and David EW Mott

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Mississippi in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Battle of New Bern wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries wikipedia, lookup

United States presidential election, 1860 wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Roanoke Island wikipedia, lookup

Military history of African Americans in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

South Carolina wikipedia, lookup

Redeemers wikipedia, lookup

Issues of the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

South Carolina in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
TESTS FOR HIGHER STANDARDS
HISTORY / SOCIAL STUDIES
MINI TEST
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies
Standard 3-4
Dr. S. Stuart Flanagan, Professor Emeritus
College of William and Mary
Copyright © 2000-2009, S. Stuart Flanagan and David E. W. Mott
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
FOR THE SOUTH CAROLINA ACADEMIC STANDARDS
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
Standard 3-4:
The student will demonstrate an understanding of the events that led to the Civil War, the course
of the War and Reconstruction, and South Carolina’s role in these events.
3.4.1
1. Why did sharecropping become a popular trend during Reconstruction?
A
B
C
D
As plantations began to decline, sharing the crop was the only way farmers could
make a living.
The middle class bought less cotton, meaning the elite saw more of its crop
destroyed before they could sell it.
Free and enslaved African Americans had few other skills so sharecropping was
the only way they could make a living.
Farmers knew their new money crop would take a while to grow, so they hired
others to help them.
2. Why were the elite and middle classes upset that the African Americans were
freed?
A They were angry that the slaves were freed and did not think they should have
voting rights.
B Some African Americans were very rich, and the elite and middle class whites were
jealous of them.
C Independent farmers lost money because they had to share their crops with the
freed slaves.
D They were angry that Northerners did not have to free their slaves.
3. Which of the following describes the difference between the education of
children from the elite class and the lower classes?
A Only boys from the elite classes were educated, while both girls and boys were
educated in the lower classes.
B Children from the elite classes were educated by tutors or in private schools, while
children of the lower classes were not educated at all.
C Children from the elite classes were educated by tutors or private schools, while only
boys from the lower classes were educated.
D Children from the elite classes went to private schools or were tutored, while the
children of the lower classes went to public schools.
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
1
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
4. What is a reason why many enslaved African Americans did not receive an
education?
A They wanted to protest their treatment at the hands of Southern planters so they
refused to go to school.
B The Southern planters did not want them to try to escape.
C They were not allowed to attend school because white children were afraid of them.
D They did not receive money for their work, so they could not afford to pay for an
education.
5. Which of the following best describes the ways slaves worked on the
plantation?
A They worked in the fields, watched the plantation owners’ children, and cooked
meals for the plantation owners’ family.
B They only helped in the fields and did nothing else.
C They fed the stock and rounded up the cattle, but left the fields to the hired hands.
D They sold the crops and gave the money to their owners.
6. Why did the independent farmers have a more difficult time making a living
than those who owned plantations?
A
B
C
D
They did not have a money crop and the plantation owners did.
They had no slaves and had to do everything themselves.
They produced fewer crops than the plantations did.
Plantation owners burned their fields and farms to eliminate competition.
3.4.2
7. Which of the following describes the lives of independent farmers after
Reconstruction?
A Farmers thrived because cotton had made plantations very popular
B Cotton farmers became very poor because cotton prices fell while farmers produced
more of it.
C The demand for cotton fell so farmers were left with a surplus, causing the farmers
to lose their farms.
D The farmers’ crops died because they had few workers to help them harvest it,
causing most farms in South Carolina to close.
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
2
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
8. What did Eli Whitney create that helped many plantations begin to grow?
A
B
C
D
A new way of growing cotton
A better method of refining sugar
A machine that removed the seeds form cotton.
A new money crop (soybeans) that people began growing in order to become rich.
9. Why did Southern plantations become so dependent on slavery?
A
B
C
D
People needed cotton because importing cotton made the prices too high.
Harvesting the crop too slowly would cause it to die on the vine.
The plantation owners need the work done more quickly and better than they could
do it themselves.
The plantation owners wanted to compete with the North, whose factories produced
products quickly.
10. Which best explains why the Southern states tended to be poorer than the
Northern states before the Civil War?
A Northern states were helped financially by England.
B Northern states built factories, while Southern states, like South Carolina, made their
living mostly by farming.
C Northern states had fewer people than Southern states.
D Northern states had more Native Americans.
11. Why did South Carolina become so dependent on slavery before the Civil
War?
A
B
C
D
The workers who applied for jobs wanted too much money
It was easier for plantation owners to make a profit because of the free labor
slavery provided.
Most Native Americans became sick with diseases and slaves were needed to
treat them.
Abraham Lincoln demanded that South Carolina form its own army and slaves
were the best soldiers.
12. Who invented the cotton gin?
A
B
C
D
Eliza Lucas Pinckney
Eli Manning
Mount Whitney
Eli Whitney
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
3
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
3.4.3
13. South Carolina made the decision to secede from the Union for many reasons.
Which describes the role the abolitionist movement played in this decision?
A The abolitionist movement had little impact on the decision to secede.
B The abolitionist movement made slavery more hated by the public, so South
Carolina seceded partly to keep slavery in place.
C Abolitionists expanded the Underground Railroad, letting escaped slaves go free, so
South Carolina seceded in protest.
D The abolitionist movement had no effect on the decision, South Carolina just did
what ever other states did.
14. Why did South Carolinians want slavery to continue and decide to defend their
way of living in the Civil War?
A
B
C
D
Slavery ensured plantations could produce a major crop.
Other states made fun of South Carolina.
Abraham Lincoln demanded that all slave-holding states pay high taxes.
South Carolinians did not want to pay high taxes on imports anymore.
15. Why did South Carolinians want to form their own government?
A
B
C
D
They thought they could do it better than the federal government.
They wanted to tell others what to do.
They did not want the federal government telling them what to do.
They were upset that General Wade Hampton was not elected to the Senate.
16. Why did South Carolina secede?
A It was dependent on slavery and the tax on imports was too high.
B All of the other Southern states seceded, so South Carolina decided to secede with
them.
C It was angry with the election of President Lincoln, who had lost the vote in South
Carolina.
D The federal government decided to tax it too much.
17. South Carolina thought the question of slavery should be what?
A
B
C
D
decided by the state
abolished
solved by the President
decided by Jefferson Davis
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
4
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
18. South Carolinians Emily and Sarah Grimke were mainly known for what?
A
B
C
D
delivering messages to Southern troops
their anger toward President Abraham Lincoln
their opposition to slavery
quilting blankets and sewing uniforms for Confederate soldiers
3.4.4
19. What happened at the Secession Convention in 1860?
A
B
C
D
All Southern states agreed to secede
The Union attacked the Southern states while the leaders met
South Carolina adopted the Ordinance of Secession
Jefferson Davis was elected as President of the Confederate States of America
20. The first shots of the Civil War were fired upon what fort?
A
B
C
D
Fort Jackson
Fort Sumter
Fort Marion
Fort Dorchester
21. Who broke the Union blockade of Charleston?
A
B
C
D
Robert Smalls
Andrew Jackson
Ulysses S. Grant
Robert E. Lee
22. At the Secession Convention, South Carolina became what state to secede?
A
B
C
D
thirteenth
first
second
third
23. Cannonball marks from which event are memorialized at the statehouse?
A
B
C
D
Sherman’s March
the firing on Fort Sumter
the Revolutionary War
the Union blockade
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
5
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
24. The North tried a blockade of an important city, but the South eventually broke
the blockade. Which city was blockaded?
A
B
C
D
Greenville
Myrtle Beach
Beaufort
Charleston
3.4.5
25. What effects did the Civil War have on the lower classes?
A
B
C
D
It affected them the same as every other class.
Only the upper classes took part in the war.
The lower classes had a lack of food, clothing and things needed to live.
The lower classes were unaffected by the Civil War.
26. Racial tensions were one of the reasons the Civil War was fought. What was
the result of those racial tensions?
A The Republican Party was formed in hopes of stopping the spread of slavery to new
states.
B White Southern soldiers wounded many of the African American soldiers.
C Racial tensions had no effect on the fighting of the Civil War.
D Abolitionists were captured and mistreated by Southern soldiers.
27. The election of President Abraham Lincoln contributed to problems between
African Americans and whites in the South. What was the major effect of his
election on the South?
A
B
C
D
The South changed its money crop from cotton to sugar.
Southern abolitionists moved away from the South for protection.
South Carolina decided to secede from the Union.
The South, angered by his election, sent representatives to burn down the White
House.
28. Why did people in the upper class in South Carolina suffer as a result of the
Civil War?
A
B
C
D
Their plantations were destroyed by Union attacks.
They were heavily taxed to pay for the war.
Confederate soldiers ruined their property when they stayed there.
They were asked to support poor people by giving them money and land.
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
6
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
29. How was the lack of food, clothing, and living essentials solved in South
Carolina after the Civil War?
A
B
C
D
The federal government provided for everyone’s needs.
Sharecropping and other businesses became more popular.
These items were imported by the residents of South Carolina.
Confederate soldiers stole food and clothes from Union soldiers.
3.4.6
30. Why did many plantation owners leave South Carolina in the later part of the
Civil War and during Reconstruction?
A
B
C
D
There were not enough interested people to work on their plantations.
They did not want to have to share their profits with the freed slaves.
Factories became the most popular way of making a living in South Carolina.
Since many of their plantations had been destroyed, they went to Europe or Brazil,
where slavery was still legal.
31. Which of the following is an effect of the destruction of factories in South
Carolina during the Civil War?
A Factory workers from the North took jobs away from South Carolina workers.
B Higher taxes on imports, called tariffs, were put on important goods Southerners
needed to buy from other countries since they could not produce these goods in the
state.
C People in South Carolina had to do without things like jewelry and pots.
D Since many were out of work, Southern people began stealing from each other just
to survive.
32. The Freedmen’s Bureau gave freed slaves the right to go to another plantation
if they did not like working conditions. This affected the economy of South
Carolina in which of the following ways?
A It caused slaves to flee to the Northern states or Canada because there were fewer
plantations in South Carolina.
B It made the freed slaves more powerful and they used this power to refuse to do
what they were told.
C It forced plantation owners to share their profits with the freed slaves.
D It had no great effect—the system went on as before only the slaves were freed.
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
7
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
33. Why was Reconstruction a difficult and slow process in the South?
A
B
C
D
Many plantations and factories were destroyed.
People refused to work and waited for the government to take care of their needs.
Ships could not deliver lumber fast enough.
The former soldiers were hurt so badly they could not contribute to the
Reconstruction.
34. Sherman’s March damaged South Carolina in which of the following ways?
A
B
C
D
It killed so many people, it made Reconstruction difficult.
It destroyed much of the city of Columbia, including the statehouse.
It killed most of the animals that were living in the Blue Ridge region.
It polluted the water so no one could drink fresh water.
35. What is one effect of the damage to factories following the Civil War?
A
B
C
D
No factories were damaged during the Civil War.
The railroads could not repair their damages effectively.
More goods had to be imported from other countries.
A new money crop was needed.
3.4.7
36. How did the Thirteenth Amendment change life in South Carolina?
A
B
C
D
The Thirteenth Amendment closed all plantations.
The Thirteenth Amendment gave women the right to vote.
The Thirteenth Amendment ended slavery.
The Thirteenth Amendment allowed freedom of religion.
37. Which of the following reasons best explains why conditions became better
for freed slaves during Reconstruction?
A Three civil rights acts were passed that ended slavery, made blacks citizens, and
gave them the right to vote.
B Freed slaves were able to become sharecroppers during Reconstruction.
C White people in the South began treating blacks better.
D Freed slaves began to earn money to buy more land and clothes for their families.
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
8
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09
Tests for Higher Standards in History/Social Studies
South Carolina Mini Test
Grade 3
South Carolina Studies 3-4
38. What was the main way Reconstruction affected the educational system in
South Carolina?
A The tutors of the children of plantation owners began to teach the children of freed
slaves.
B School buildings began to be rebuilt.
C Free public education for all citizens was created.
D South Carolina’s educational system was integrated so all children could learn
together in the same room.
39. One of the most important rights for African Americans was given to them
during Reconstruction. What was it?
A
B
C
D
They were given the right to work land.
They were given the right to worship as they chose.
They were given the right to educate themselves.
They were given the right to vote and hold office.
40. In which of the following ways did Reconstruction affect South Carolina and
the nation for the better?
A
B
C
D
Citizens were given the right to a free public education
Many people moved from South Carolina, ensuring that other states could be settled
The Native Americans rebuilt their reservations, helping them regain their heritage
It helped the Southern states feel more like a part of the country again.
41. Although Reconstruction gave African Americans the opportunity to make a
living it also made things worse for them. Which of the following BEST
explains why?
A It forced them to pay for their children’s education.
B It made white people angry that they had more rights.
C It caused them to pay high interest rates for items bought on credit, making them
poorer in the long run.
D African Americans began to be angry that they could only work on farms and do little
else.
Copyright © 2000-2009, S.S. Flanagan & D.E. Mott
9
Do not reproduce without permission. 7-1-09