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Africa EOTT Review
Economy
1. What is Literacy rate? The rate of reading & writing measured in 15 yrs. or older.
2. Based on what you know about their literacy rates, which country has a higher standard of living?
South Africa
3. What is the total value of all goods and services produced within a country in a single year called? GDP
4. Which African country has a higher GDP? What does this say about the country’s economy? South
Africa. It’s strong.
5. What is Nigeria’s main export? Petroleum, oil
6. Nigeria is focusing on the oil industry. How is this hurting Nigeria’s overall economy? Corrupt govn’t.
Have to import food.
7. Nigeria was formerly a military dictatorship. What type of economic system did the country have under
military rule? Command
8. In which areas has South Africa specialized? Gold, diamonds, platinum, mining.
9. What economic struggles do both countries face? High unemployment rate and poverty.
10. What reasons might contribute to lower literacy rates among girls than boys in Africa? Boys stay in
school longer.
11. What is Gross Domestic Product? The total value of goods & services produced in a country in a given
year.
12. What are capital goods? Factories, machinery, etc. needed/used to produce goods.
13. What is Human capital? Education and skill knowledge of workers
14. What is an entrepreneur? Person who begins/owns a business
15. What type of economic system encourages entrepreneurship? Market
16. What is a mixed economy? A continuum or combination of market and command economy
17. What is a traditional economy? Trading of goods using a bartering system.
18. What does a market economy allow its business owners the ability to do? Sell to whomever.
Governments
19. How was Apartheid created in South Africa? Laws that separated people by race in South Africa.
20. What role did Nelson Mandela play in ending Apartheid? He became president and repealed laws
21. What was the role of F.W. de Klerk in Apartheid? Let Mandela out of jail, began to repeal laws.
22. What is the government system of Nigeria? Kenya? South Africa? Republics
23. What is the difference between a Federation and Confederation system of government? Federationpower is shared among different levels of government. Confederation- local governments hold all of
the power and the central government depends on the local governments for its existence.
24. Who makes government decisions in an Oligarchy? Government by the few. A political party or other
small group makes all of the major decisions.
25. Who makes government decisions in an autocracy? The ruler has absolute power to do whatever
wishes and make and enforce whatever.
26. What is the difference between A Presidential and a Parliamentary democracy? President is elected by
the people. Parliamentary is elected and they elect the leader.
27. Who holds power in a Parliamentary democracy? Legislature
28. What might the leader of an autocracy be called? Dictator
29. What would the leader of a Monarchy be called? King
30. What are the rights of citizens in a democracy? They can vote and have freedom of speech
Physical Geography
31. What is the longest river in the world? The Nile
32. What is the largest lake in Africa? Lake Victoria
33. What is the largest desert in Africa? Sahara Desert
34. What is the highest mountain in Africa? Mount Kilimanjaro
35. Why is farming almost impossible without irrigation? Irrigated agriculture is dependent on an adequate
water supply of usable quality.
36. What is the Sahel and what is happening to it? A dry semi-arid region that is slowly turning into desert.
37. What factors led to this problem in the Sahel? Little rain in this region, cutting down of trees, and
allowing animals to overgraze.
38. What threatens the extinction of African Rainforests? Rapid population growth and the need for fuel is
driving people to cut down trees faster than they can be replanted.
39. How did the Aswan Dam impact farming and water supplies? It has allowed year-round irrigation, so
farmers can grow several crops; it also generates electricity for the people of Egypt; however silt is no
longer carried by the flooding Nile to farming land and irrigation requires farmers to use chemical
fertilizers.
40. What impact has pollution had on Africa’s water supply? People who are not able to get clean water are
at risk for many diseases; also an increase in skin and eye infections; water borne diseases are spread
by parasites.
41. What is the Green line? Where cultivated land ends and the desert begins.
Religious and Ethnic groups
42. What is Cultural Diffusion? Spreading of one culture to another culture. Blending of cultures.
43. What is an Ethnic Group? Religious Group? Ethnic Group- a group of people who share cultural ideas
and beliefs. Religious Group- a group with a belief system in a god or gods, with a specific set of
rituals and literature.
44. What is one characteristic that differentiates a Religious group from an Ethnic group? Belief system
45. Identify and differentiate between Arab, Ashanti, Bantu, and Swahili. Arab-people began to spread into
north Africa ; Ashanti- a group of people found in the modern country of Ghana; Bantu- a member of
any of the large number of linguistically related peoples of central and southern Africa; Swahili- a
people and culture found on the coast of east Africa.