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Name: ____________________________________________ The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution “Bill of Rights” - The Bill of Rights was added to protect the People from the Powers of Government. Many states refused to ratify the original version of the Constitution until a “Bill of People’s Rights” was added. James Madison promised the states that if the constitution was ratified, then a “Bill of Rights” would be added. - The U.S. Constitution (articles I-VII) was ratified 1788 - The “Bill of Rights” (amendments 1-10) was ratified as a group in 1791 - The “Bill of Rights” refers to the 1st ten of the 27 amendments…. All 27 ARE part of the Constitution. – Jelly Bean Jar! 1st Amendment - Freedom of: - Religion - Press - Assembly - Speech - Petition 2nd Amendment - The right to bear arms 3rd Amendment - No quartering of troops in private homes during peacetime 4th Amendment - No searches or seizures of property without a valid warrant describing the place to be searched and the object to be seized 5th Amendment - Must be indicted (grand jury) - formally accused of a crime - No double jeopardy- cannot be tried twice for the same crime - Cannot be forced to incriminate yourself (give evidence that will point to your guilt). Name: ____________________________________________ 6th Amendment - Right to a fair and speedy trial: - Told the charges against themselves - Impartial jury - Trial held in district of crime - Confront witnesses against themselves - Subpoena witnesses for themselves - Have an attorney 7th Amendment - The right to have a jury in a civil trial 8th Amendment - Bail and/or punishment cannot be cruel or unusual 9th Amendment - The first eight amendments to the Constitution are not the only rights that the people have. There are many rights that are not listed. 10th Amendment - All power not delegated (given) to the Federal government is reserved (saved) for the state governments.