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Western European Countries Information from CIA World Fact Book United Kingdom • Capital: London • Major Cities: Manchester, Birmingham, Glasgow, Belfast • Population: 60,776,238 • Area Comparative: Slightly smaller than the State of Oregon. United Kingdom Cultural Aspects • Religions: Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%. • Languages: English, Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales), Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland) United Kingdom Gov. and Economy • Government: Constitutional Monarchy • GDP: $1.928 trillion • GDP per capita: $31,800 United Kingdom Famous Landmarks and People • Landmarks: Big Ben, Stonehenge, The Eye of London, The London Bridge • Famous People: The Beatles, Radiohead, Eric Clapton, Winston Churchill, Shakespeare, Princess Diana, J.R.R. Tolkien, J.K. Rowling France • Capital: Paris • Major Cities: Marseille, Nice • Population: 63,713,926 60,876,136 in métropolitain France (July 2007 est.) • Area Comparative: Slightly less than the size of Texas France Cultural Aspects • Religions: Roman Catholic 83%-88%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 5%-10% • Languages: French 100% France Gov. and Economy • Government: Republic • GDP: $1.902 trillion • GDP per capita: $31,200 France Famous Landmarks and People • Landmarks: Eiffel Tower, Palace of Versailles • People: Napoleon, Marie Curie, André the Giant Germany • Capital: Berlin • Major Cities: Munich, Hannover, Dresden, Dusseldorf, Cologne, Mannheim • Population: 82,400,996 • Comparative Area: Slightly smaller than Montana German Cultural Aspects • Religions: Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3% • Languages: German German Gov. and Economy • Government: Federal Republic • GDP: $2.632 trillion • GDP per capita: $31,900 German Famous Landmarks and People • Landmarks: Reichstag, • People: David Hasselhoff, Adolf Hitler, Ludwig van Beethoven Italy • Capital: Rome • Major Cities: Naples, Florence, Milan, Venice • Population: 58,147,733 • Comparative Area: Slightly larger than Arizona Italian Cultural Aspects • Religions: Roman Catholic 90% (approximately; about one-third regularly attend services), other 10% (includes mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community) • Languages: Italian Italy Gov. and Economy • Government: Republic • GDP: $1.756 trillion • GDP per capita: $30,200 Italian Famous Landmarks and People • Landmarks: Roman Coliseum, St. Peter’s Basilica, Leaning Tower of Pisa • People: Benito Mussolini, Leonardo Da Vinci, Julius Caeser Spain • Capital: Madrid • Major Cities: Barcelona, Valencia • Population: 40,448,191 • Comparative Area: slightly more than twice the size of Oregon Spain Cultural Aspects • Religions: Roman Catholic 94%, other 6% • Languages: Castilian Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%, are official regionally Spain Gov. and Economy • Government: Parliamentary Monarchy • GDP: $1.109 trillion • GDP per capita: $27,400 Spain Famous Landmarks and People • Landmarks: Running of the Bulls in Pamplona • People: Penélope Cruz, Salvador Dalí, Pablo Picasso Ireland • Capital: Dublin • Major Cities: Shannon, Cork, Limerick • Population: 4,109,086 • Comparative Area: slightly larger than West Virginia Irish Cultural Aspects • Religions: Roman Catholic 88.4%, Church of Ireland 3%, other Christian 1.6% • Languages: English (official) is the language generally used, Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official) spoken mainly in areas located along the western seaboard Irish Gov. and Economy • Government: Republic • GDP: $180.9 billion • GDP per capita: $44,500 Ireland Famous People and Landmarks • Landmarks: Guinness Plant, Blarney Stone • People: Colin Ferrell, Bono, U2, Pierce Brosnan, C.S. Lewis The United States of America • Capital: Washington D.C. • Major Cities: New York City, Chicago, Atlanta, Los Angeles, Houston, Boston, Detroit, Seattle, Lincoln • Population: 301,139,947 (July 2007 est.) • Comparative Area: About half the size of Russia; slightly larger than Brazil; slightly larger than China; more than twice the size of the European Union U.S. Cultural Aspects • Religions: Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4% (2007 est.) • Languages: English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other IndoEuropean 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7% (2000 census) note: Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii United States Gov. and Economy • Government: Constitution-based federal republic; strong democratic tradition • GDP: $13.86 trillion (2007 est.) • GDP per capita: $46,000 (2007 est.) U.S. Famous People and Landmarks • Landmarks: Statue of Liberty, Golden Gate Bridge, Empire State Building, St. Louis Arch, Space Needle, Yellowstone National Park, Grand Canyon, etc., etc., etc.