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1 American Imperialism 2 Monroe Doctrine • 1823 President James Monroe issues the Monroe Doctrine saying the U.S. would not allow the Americas to be divided into colonies 3 Spanish American War – Spain controlled Cuba – We thought Cuba should be free. USS Maine blew up in Havana Harbor. Newspapers printed editorials on why we should go to war. Yellow Journalism We won the war and got Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines. PANAMA CANAL U.S. encouraged Panama to revolt against Colombia. Panama won – leased U.S. land for a canal. In 1914, the Panama Canal opened, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific. 4 5 •To show the naval power of the United States, in 1907 Roosevelt sent the great white fleet of ships around the world 6 TEDDY ROOSEVELT’S FOREIGN POLICY WHAT INTERNATIONAL ROLE DID ROOSEVELT7 ENVISION FOR THE UNITED STATES? 8 9 U.S. interests turned toward Central America and a quicker way of moving ships between the east and west coast of North America 15,000 MILES 10 ADVANTAGE OF AN ISTHMIAN CANAL 8,000 miles 11 SEARCHING FOR POTENTIAL SITES FOR A CANAL IN CENTRAL AMERICA 12 PANAMA, A PROVINCE OF COLOMBIA, WAS CHOSEN FOR THE SITE OF THE PROPOSED CANAL 13 COLOMBIA, 1902 14 TWO POLITICAL CARTOONS ON COLOMBIA’S REFUSAL TO ACCEPT TR’S PURCHASE OFFER PRICE OF $40 MILLION IN 2002 $40 MILLION WOULD BE $830 MILLION ROOSEVELT’S SOLUTION WAS TO SUPPORT A PANAMANIAN REVOLUTION 15 16 In Cuba Dr. Gorgas learned yellow fever was transmitted through mosquitoes. His discovery allowed the canal to be built. 1905 fumigation car eradicating the mosquitoes 1905 Yellow Fever Quarantine Station WILLIAM C. GORGAS 17 Construction of the canal 18 19 PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT VISITS THE CANAL CONSTRUCTION SITE IN 1906 20 Mira Flores, Panama 21 1914 Opening of the Panama Canal 22 Panama canal today 23 Hawaii – The U.S. imported mostly sugar from the islands. 1890 – Pres. McKinley lifted the sugar tariff and Hawaii sugar wasn’t cheap anymore. Queen Liliuokalani – Became queen in late 1800’s and had her gov. overthrown almost immediately. 1894 Sanford Dole became president and asked to be annexed by the U.S. 24 Missionaries from the U.S. went to Hawaii in the late early 19th century 25 26 Queen Liliuokalani, LAST QUEEN OF HAWAII 27 SANFORD DOLE Became president of the Republic of Hawaii after the queen was overthrown. Hawaii was annexed as part of the U.S. in 1898. 28 Alaska Was purchased from Russia in the late 1800’s after the Crimean War. The Secretary of State William Seward was the man who wanted to buy it. Originally it was called Seward’s Folly.