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1
American Imperialism
2
Monroe Doctrine
• 1823 President James Monroe issues the
Monroe Doctrine saying the U.S. would
not allow the Americas to be divided into
colonies
3
Spanish American War –
Spain controlled Cuba – We thought
Cuba should be free.
USS Maine blew up in Havana Harbor.
Newspapers printed editorials on why
we should go to war. Yellow
Journalism
We won the war
and got Cuba,
Puerto Rico,
Guam and the
Philippines.
PANAMA CANAL
U.S. encouraged Panama to revolt
against Colombia.
Panama won – leased U.S. land for a
canal.
In 1914, the Panama Canal opened,
connecting the Atlantic and Pacific.
4
5
•To show the naval
power of the United
States, in 1907
Roosevelt sent the
great white fleet of
ships around the
world
6
TEDDY ROOSEVELT’S FOREIGN POLICY
WHAT INTERNATIONAL ROLE DID ROOSEVELT7
ENVISION FOR THE UNITED STATES?
8
9
U.S. interests turned toward Central America and a
quicker way of moving ships between the east and
west coast of North America
15,000 MILES
10
ADVANTAGE OF AN ISTHMIAN CANAL
8,000 miles
11
SEARCHING FOR POTENTIAL SITES FOR A CANAL IN CENTRAL
AMERICA
12
PANAMA, A PROVINCE OF
COLOMBIA, WAS CHOSEN FOR
THE SITE OF THE PROPOSED
CANAL
13
COLOMBIA, 1902
14
TWO POLITICAL CARTOONS ON COLOMBIA’S REFUSAL
TO ACCEPT TR’S PURCHASE OFFER PRICE OF $40
MILLION
IN 2002 $40 MILLION WOULD BE $830 MILLION
ROOSEVELT’S SOLUTION WAS TO SUPPORT A
PANAMANIAN REVOLUTION
15
16
In Cuba Dr. Gorgas learned
yellow fever was transmitted
through mosquitoes. His
discovery allowed the canal
to be built.
1905 fumigation car
eradicating
the mosquitoes
1905 Yellow
Fever Quarantine
Station
WILLIAM C. GORGAS
17
Construction of the canal
18
19
PRESIDENT
ROOSEVELT
VISITS THE
CANAL
CONSTRUCTION
SITE IN 1906
20
Mira Flores, Panama
21
1914 Opening of the Panama Canal
22
Panama canal today
23
Hawaii –
The U.S. imported mostly sugar
from the islands.
1890 – Pres. McKinley lifted the
sugar tariff and Hawaii sugar wasn’t
cheap anymore.
Queen Liliuokalani – Became queen
in late 1800’s and had her gov.
overthrown almost immediately.
1894 Sanford Dole
became president and
asked to be annexed
by the U.S.
24
Missionaries from the U.S. went to
Hawaii in the late early 19th century
25
26
Queen Liliuokalani,
LAST QUEEN OF HAWAII
27
SANFORD
DOLE
Became
president of
the Republic
of Hawaii after
the queen was
overthrown.
Hawaii was
annexed as
part of the
U.S. in 1898.
28
Alaska Was purchased from Russia in the
late 1800’s after the Crimean War.
The Secretary of State William
Seward was the man who wanted to
buy it.
Originally it was called Seward’s
Folly.