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TPSYCH 100 Winter 2012 Exam 3 Review Outline Chapter 9: Thinking and Language Thinking o Define Cognition, Concepts, and Prototypes. o How do we solve problems? Define two common obstacles to problem solving: Confirmation bias and Fixation o Making decisions and forming judgments: What are the representativeness and availability heuristics? Define overconfidence and belief perseverance. Language o What is language? o Language Development: How do Skinner and Chomsky describe language development? o What is aphasia? What are the functions of Broca’s area and Wernicke’s area? What is linguistic determinism? Can you give an example of language influencing thought? Chapter 10: Intelligence What is Intelligence? o Define and describe intelligence o Describe theories of intelligence (Spearman, Gardner, Sternberg). o What are creative and emotional intelligence? Is intelligence neurologically measureable? Assessing Intelligence: o Describe modern tests for intelligence. o Describe the three principles of test construction. o Understand the drawbacks and the potential for bias. Chapter 11: Motivation and Work Motivational Concepts: o What is motivation? o Describe the four perspectives of motivated behavior. Hunger o Physiology of hunger: How do we regulate intake? describe the role appetite hormones (aka gut-brain neuropeptides) o Psychology of Hunger: What is taste preference? Social facilitation? o Name and define the three eating disorders discussed. o What factors in our modern society contribute to obesity? ONE from physiology, one from psychology, one modern society o Describe the thrifty phenotype as discussed in this lecture. o Jamie Oliver Ted Talk Take-home message. Sexual Motivation o What are the two functions of sex hormones? o What are the factors contributing to teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections? o Note the factors influencing sexual orientation as highlighted in the chapter and this PowerPoint. Describe factors that contribute to our need to belong. Chapter 12: Emotions, Stress and Health Emotions o Define emotion and the three theories of emotion. o What is the biology of emotions: Autonomic nervous system and physiological differences. o Cognition and emotion: the two neural pathways to emotion. Low road and high road o Fear: how is fear adaptive? o Know the harm of anger and catharsis. o Happiness: what are the feel-good, do-good phenomenon and subjective well-being? Stress and Health o What is stress? General adaptation syndrome? o Stress and the heart: coronary heart disease, Type A and B o Stress and Susceptibility to disease: how can the immune system go wrong? Promoting Health o What are the two types of coping? o How do perceived control, optimism, and social support affect our ability to cope? Give an example of each.