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TPSYCH 100 Winter 2012
Exam 3 Review Outline
Chapter 9: Thinking and Language
 Thinking
o Define Cognition, Concepts, and Prototypes.
o How do we solve problems? Define two common obstacles to problem
solving: Confirmation bias and Fixation
o Making decisions and forming judgments: What are the representativeness
and availability heuristics? Define overconfidence and belief perseverance.
 Language
o What is language?
o Language Development: How do Skinner and Chomsky describe language
o What is aphasia? What are the functions of Broca’s area and Wernicke’s area?
 What is linguistic determinism? Can you give an example of language influencing
Chapter 10: Intelligence
 What is Intelligence?
o Define and describe intelligence
o Describe theories of intelligence (Spearman, Gardner, Sternberg).
o What are creative and emotional intelligence?
 Is intelligence neurologically measureable?
 Assessing Intelligence:
o Describe modern tests for intelligence.
o Describe the three principles of test construction.
o Understand the drawbacks and the potential for bias.
Chapter 11: Motivation and Work
 Motivational Concepts:
o What is motivation?
o Describe the four perspectives of motivated behavior.
 Hunger
o Physiology of hunger: How do we regulate intake? describe the role appetite
hormones (aka gut-brain neuropeptides)
o Psychology of Hunger: What is taste preference? Social facilitation?
o Name and define the three eating disorders discussed.
o What factors in our modern society contribute to obesity?
 ONE from physiology, one from psychology, one modern society
o Describe the thrifty phenotype as discussed in this lecture.
o Jamie Oliver Ted Talk Take-home message.
 Sexual Motivation
o What are the two functions of sex hormones?
o What are the factors contributing to teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted
o Note the factors influencing sexual orientation as highlighted in the chapter
and this PowerPoint.
 Describe factors that contribute to our need to belong.
Chapter 12: Emotions, Stress and Health
 Emotions
o Define emotion and the three theories of emotion.
o What is the biology of emotions: Autonomic nervous system and
physiological differences.
o Cognition and emotion: the two neural pathways to emotion. Low road and
high road
o Fear: how is fear adaptive?
o Know the harm of anger and catharsis.
o Happiness: what are the feel-good, do-good phenomenon and subjective
 Stress and Health
o What is stress? General adaptation syndrome?
o Stress and the heart: coronary heart disease, Type A and B
o Stress and Susceptibility to disease: how can the immune system go wrong?
 Promoting Health
o What are the two types of coping?
o How do perceived control, optimism, and social support affect our ability to
cope? Give an example of each.