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Do Now: Complete 5 themes of geography. 5.) Region- an area that displays a unit of government, language, and sometimes a landform. 3 types of regions: I. formal region- govt. boundaries II. Functional region- area defined by function. III. Vernacular region- more general term of region, example North or South. • Without looking over your notes can you name the five themes of geography? • Which type of region is most commonly used by people? • Which type of location is more general? Which type of location is more specific? • Give me a specific example of human and physical characteristics for Place. • Homework: quiz next Wednesday about scientific revolution material. What is the enlightenment? • Time period during the 18th century that applied reason as the legitimate source of authority. What is Divine Right? • Kings and Queens or people in power for centuries before the enlightenment were put into their powerful positions by God. • It was because God said so. • People are born naturally cruel, mean & selfish. • If this were true what might people act? Hobbes Hobbes • Absolute Monarchy should continue. Hobbes • Social Contract= this agreement gives up the state of nature and puts into place an organized society. • People basically reasonable & moral. • Give people Natural Rights= government should protect those rights. • Limited governmentaccepted by everyone. Locke Locke • Limited government- accepted by everyone. • How could a limited government exist? Who would regulate it? • Do you think a limited government would work? Final thought…. • Who would you support, Hobbes or Locke? • Support your answer with information that you have learned about Hobbes and Locke. Do Now: Q What if any downside could there be with philosophers bringing about new ideas? Q Which philosopher from yesterday do you agree with, why? Homework: Enlightenment Quiz Tuesday Montesquieu • The Spirit of Laws • Government must have Separation of Powers • 3 branches Rousseau • “man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains.” • Government is a contract between people and rulers. – Government must be what people want. Voltaire • Life is better with liberty. • Freedom of speech & religion • Separation of church & state. – How was this separation so different from the way government was run before? • “I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.” Now….. • Which philosopher do you agree with, why?