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Do Now:
Complete 5 themes of geography.
5.) Region- an area that displays a unit of
government, language, and sometimes a
landform.
3 types of regions:
I. formal region- govt. boundaries
II. Functional region- area defined by function.
III. Vernacular region- more general term of
region, example North or South.
• Without looking over your notes can you name
the five themes of geography?
• Which type of region is most commonly used by
people?
• Which type of location is more general? Which
type of location is more specific?
• Give me a specific example of human and
physical characteristics for Place.
• Homework: quiz next Wednesday about
scientific revolution material.
What is the enlightenment?
• Time period during the 18th century that
applied reason as the legitimate source of
authority.
What is Divine Right?
• Kings and Queens or people in power for
centuries before the enlightenment were
put into their powerful positions by God.
• It was because God said so.
• People are born
naturally cruel,
mean & selfish.
• If this were true
what might
people act?
Hobbes
Hobbes
• Absolute Monarchy
should continue.
Hobbes
• Social Contract= this
agreement gives up the state
of nature and puts into place
an organized society.
• People basically
reasonable & moral.
• Give people Natural
Rights= government
should protect those
rights.
• Limited governmentaccepted by
everyone.
Locke
Locke
• Limited government- accepted by
everyone.
• How could a limited government
exist? Who would regulate it?
• Do you think a limited government
would work?
Final thought….
• Who would you support, Hobbes or
Locke?
• Support your answer with information that
you have learned about Hobbes and
Locke.
Do Now:
Q What if any downside could
there be with philosophers bringing
about new ideas?
Q Which philosopher from
yesterday do you agree with, why?
Homework: Enlightenment Quiz
Tuesday
Montesquieu
• The Spirit of
Laws
• Government
must have
Separation of
Powers
• 3 branches
Rousseau
• “man is born free,
but everywhere he
is in chains.”
• Government is a
contract between
people and rulers.
– Government must
be what people
want.
Voltaire
• Life is better with liberty.
• Freedom of speech &
religion
• Separation of church &
state.
– How was this separation so
different from the way
government was run
before?
• “I disapprove of what you
say, but I will defend to the
death your right to say it.”
Now…..
• Which philosopher do you agree with,
why?