Download Neurological Disorders

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Parkinson’s Disease
Parkinson’s Disease (PD)
Movement disorder that results from degeneration
of nerve cells in basal ganglia.
Cause: Unknown
 Environmental
factors may be key, especially
undetected viruses
Signs & Symptoms of PD
Loss of reflexes
Mask-like facial
Treatment / Prevention of PD
Physical therapy
Occupational therapy
Supportive care
Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis
Chronic, progression disorder
of unknown origin.
Possible causes:
 Viruses,
immunologic reaction
to virus, bacteria, trauma,
autoimmunity, and genetics.
 Cause remains inconclusive
Signs & Symptoms of MS
Muscle impairment
Loss of balance / poor
Numbness / tingling
Difficulty speaking
Double vision
Treatment & Prevention of MS
Currently, no cure
Some therapies may help with symptoms
 Physical
 Muscle relaxants
 Acupuncture
Connection to Vitamin D???
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
AKA: Lou Gehrig’s Disease
Chronic, terminal, neurological disease
characterized by progressive loss of motor neurons.
Cause: unknown
Slightly more common in men
Symptoms of ALS
Early symptoms include
 Tripping,
dropping things, abnormal fatigue of
arms/legs, slurred speech, muscle cramps
As the disease progresses:
 Difficulty
in lifting, walking or using arms/hands,
chewing, swallowing and eventually breathing become
Only affects motor neurons
Treatment / Prevention of ALS
Early education to
patient and family on
how to care for
 Special
attention to
Can it be prevented?