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LANGUAGE AND
CULTURE:
COMMUNICATION
0. Introduction
Mª del Carmen Alario Trigueros
Departamento de Didáctica de la Lengua y la Literatura
E.U. de Educación de Palencia. Universidad de Valladolid.
www.educacionpalencia.es
Language, Culture & Life.
Communication representation
•Observe the world
and life: explain it
with word
•Respond
•Think, negociate
and share
•Act & value, assume
new challenges
Education
means
providing tools
to develop
what our
students bring
within a given
society.
LANGUAGE & DEVELOPMENT: FUNCTIONS
Representative Function
Symbolic Function
•Language helps building images/symbol of the world/experience in our mind.
Informational Function
•Language helps us to share information.
Regulatory Function
•Language regulates behaviour-rules-self-control-Ethic developm
Communicative Function
•Language help us to participate in a coommon task
SKILL, COMPETENCES & CAPACITIES
• Listening and understanding
(Knowledge required: chunk and associate meaning to the oral steam)
• Responding and Speaking
(Knowledge required: Using social and communicative skills in the interaction.
Pourposeful usage of gaze, non.verbal language, paralanguage and sentences)
• Oral Interaction
( Identify their role in a context, use social and communication rules to participate in a
discourse, recognize and addapt to a text structure and requirements)
• Reading and understanding/ reading interaction
(identify the intention, generate a previous idea –identify , localize, select and verify
information)
• Writing and written Interaction
(expresing ideas, feelings, events, wishes in and organized way. It requires: –
Planning, selecting, organizing and following a structure)
Adult/child interaction analysis
TODAY'S NEW TERMS
• Discourse: stretches of language perceived to be
meaningful, unified, and purposive
• Discourse type/ Texts: Narrative, Descriptive,
Procedural/ Instructional , Argumentative Texts.
• Speech act: an utterance defined in terms of
intention and/or effect
• Schema: a mental representation essential to
discourse processing
(Cook: 1989)
• Task : “An activity where the target language is used
by the learner for a communicative purpose (goal) in
order to achieve an outcome” (Jane Willis)
• Script: a stereotypical sequence of events in a
standard situation
• Competence: knowledge of the world and
themselves activated and used at a given situaction
SCRIPTS
• A script is a stereotypical sequence of events
in a standard situation
• Scripts organize the knowledge associated
with common events
• Scripts represent a casual chain of events
and states that describe a situation
• People usually omit many of the parts of the
casual chain when telling
• Scripts are essential to story understanding
as a means of filling in the details that are
not explicitly mentioned but would normally
be inferred.
ELEMENTS IN A SCRIPT
• Actors (roles)
• Props
• Actions (each actor carries out a
serie of actions to meet his/her goal
within the script/s. Can be grouped in
plans)
• Moves
Now, decide your targets