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Beliefs of Judaism Beliefs of Judaism Objectives Learn about the basic beliefs of Judaism. Explore the effect that Judaism has had on other religions Beliefs of Judaism Key Terms Covenant- a promise made by God Moses- an Israelite leader whom the Torah credits with leading the Israelites from Egypt to Canaan prophet- a religious teacher who is regarded as someone who speaks for God or for a god Diaspora- the scattering of people who have a common background or beliefs Beliefs of Judaism • Israelites closely connected religion and history • Israelites beliefs became a religion known today as Judaism • Judaism was monotheistic from the beginning • Different than the beliefs of nearby people. Beliefs of Judaism A promise to the Israelites •Most ancient gods were connected to certain places or people •Israelites believed that God is present everywhere •God to them knows everything and has complete power Beliefs of Judaism A promise to the Israelites • The Torah God promised Abraham his people would become kings and build nations. • Because of this the Israelites thought themselves to be gods chosen people • This promise was later renewed by Moses. He told them God would lead them to Canaan if they obeyed God faithfully Beliefs of Judaism Ten Commandments • At the heart of Judaism are the 10 Commandments • Israelites believed the 10 Commandments came through Moses • Commandments were like religious duties toward God Beliefs of Judaism Ten Commandments • They were rules to correct behavior • With the Commandments the Torah also set out many other laws Judaism and Woman • Some laws protected woman • As many other religions, women were considered to be of lower social status • Only a husband could seek divorce Justice and Morality • The history of the Israelites tells of prophets • Prophets told them how God wanted them to live • They warned them not to disobey god’s law Effects of Judaism • Exile from Judah in 587 B.C. • Romans drove the Jews out of their homeland in 135 A.D • After that, Jewish people scattered to different parts of the world Effects of Judaism New Settlements • Wherever Jewish people settled they kept their heritage alive! • They also continued to obey their religious laws, worship at temples, and follow their traditions. Major Achievements /Events of the Israelites: • Practice a different religion then other cultures in the fertile crescent. The believed in only one god. • Built Cities such as Jerusalem. Chapter 2 Section 5 Review Question 1: _______________ is a promise made by God? Question 2: An Israelite leader whom the Torah credits with leading the Israelites from Egypt to Canaan? Question 3: A religious teacher who is regarded as someone who speaks for God or for a god? Question 4: The scattering of people who have a common background or beliefs. Question 5: What religion did the Israelites practice? Question 6: What laws did the Israelites obey? Question 7: How many gods did the Israelites worship? What is the a called? Question 8: What major city did the Israelites build? Question 9: Where did Moses receive his message about the way that the Israelites were suppose to live? Question 10: • What civilization conquered Israel? Question 11: The Israelite leader, who said “you must please follow me and give me your trust I won’t mislead you or leave you stranded This trip is called the _________ Question 12: What made the Israelites leave Egypt?