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Shelley: The Hyperactive
Turtle
1989
Written by Deborah Moss
Illustrated by Carol Schwartz
Book Characteristics
• Excellent introduction to learning
disabilities
• Preschoolers and primary grades
• Wonderfully written/Vivid illustrations
• Focuses on differences
• Creates awareness and understanding
• Alleviates anxiety and gives hope
Summary
• Shelley is a young turtle
• Lives in a pond and attends school
• Exhibits classic ADHD characteristics
• Medical solution
Discussion
• Is Shelley responsible for his actions?
• What message is the author sending?
• How may this book serve others?
• Describe the book in one word.
Shelley’s Symptoms
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Shouts on bus
Breaks things and does not remember
Rolls over and whirls around
Leaves seat and runs around
Throws food
Trouble keeping quiet
Shelley’s Feelings
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Wired
Confused
Angry
Scared
Unhappy
ADHD
• A neurobehavioral disorder
characterized by pervasive inattention
and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity and
resulting in significant impairment.
Prevalence
• CEC estimates 3% to 5%
• CDCP estimates 5%to 10%
• Males outnumber females 2:1 to 8:1
• Most experts agree that it is closer to 3:1
• 315% increase in OHI in last ten years
DSM-IV Criteria
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I. Either A or B:
Six or more of the following symptoms of inattention have been present for
at least 6 months to a point that is disruptive and inappropriate for
developmental level:
Inattention
Often does not give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in
schoolwork, work, or other activities.
Often has trouble keeping attention on tasks or play activities.
Often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly.
Often does not follow instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores, or
duties in the workplace (not due to oppositional behavior or failure to
understand instructions).
Often have trouble organizing activities.
Often avoids, dislikes, or doesn't want to do things that take a lot of
mental effort for a long period of time (such as schoolwork or homework).
Often loses things needed for tasks and activities (e.g. toys, school
assignments, pencils, books, or tools).
Is often easily distracted.
Is often forgetful in daily activities.
Six or more of the following symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity
have been present for at least 6 months to an extent that is
disruptive and inappropriate for developmental level:
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Hyperactivity
Often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat.
Often gets up from seat when remaining in seat is expected.
Often runs about or climbs when and where it is not appropriate
(adolescents or adults may feel very restless).
Often has trouble playing or enjoying leisure activities quietly.
Is often "on the go" or often acts as if "driven by a motor".
Often talks excessively.
Impulsivity
Often blurts out answers before questions have been finished.
Often has trouble waiting one's turn.
Often interrupts or intrudes on others (e.g., butts into
conversations or games).
Diagnosis
• Must be multidimensional
encompassing many medical fields
including the physiological,
neurological, and psychological to
determine best possible treatment
of the ADHD child.
Treatment
• Medication
• Behavioral Management
Program
• Multimodal