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What is 2009 H1N1 (Swine Flu)?
• New Virus causing illness
in people.
• Virus was detected
• This virus spreads from
person-to-person worldwide (similar to seasonal
• _____________________
WHO (World Health
Organization announced
that a pandemic of 2009
H1N1 was underway.
Why is this Virus sometimes called the Swine
• Laboratory testing showed
that many of genes in this
virus were similar to
influenza found in pigs
(swine) in North America.
• This virus has two genes
• Scientist refer to this as a
“quadruple reassortant”
Is the 2009 H1N1 Flu Contagious?
• CDC has verified that this H1N1 virus is
contagious ____________________________.
• CDC routinely works with states to
• This information is presented in a weekly report,
called FluView (flu/weekly)
• Most people have become ill with this virus and
have recovered without any medical treatment.
How does this virus spread?
• Similar ways that the
seasonal flu spreads
• Flu Viruses spread
from person to person
through coughing or
sneezing by people
with influenza
• People become
infected by
What are the signs and symptoms of this virus in
Runny or stuffy
Body aches
How severe is illness associated with 2009 H1N1
flu virus?
• This illness has
ranged from
• Significant amount
of people reported
__________ and
• _______________
High Risk Individuals?
• ____________________________________
with the 2009 H1N1 virus have had one or
more medical conditions previously.
• This includes:
How does 2009 H1N1 Flu compare to
seasonal flu in terms of infection rates?
• Few deaths were reported in older people over the age
of _________.
• Pregnancy, and other high risk medical conditions such
as _____________, ____________,
_________________________, _______________,
_____________________, neurological and
neuromuscular disorders are associated with
complications of H1N1 flu as of the Seasonal Flu.
• An infected person can spread the virus from
__________ before getting sick to _____________
after. Can be longer in some individuals that have
medical conditions.
How does 2009 H1N1 Flu compare to seasonal
flu in terms of infection rates?
• Seasonal flu-Us. average ____________ die each
year from flu complications
• _______________________ people are
hospitalized from flu related causes
• ______________ of those hospitalized are
children under age of ______________.
• ____ % of deaths and _______% of
hospitalizations are in people over _____ years of
• H1N1 Flu is a greater recognized in people under
the age of ______ years of age than older people.
Prevention against the H1N1 Flu Virus
(Everyday Steps)
• Cover your nose and mouth
with a tissue when you
sneeze or cough. Throw
tissue in trash can after you
use it.
• _______________________
• Avoid touching your eyes,
nose, or mouth. Germs
spread this way.
• _______________________
• _______________________
• Keep away from people as
much as possible.
• CDC recommends you wash
your hands with warm
water and soap for 15 to 20
• _______________________
In children, emergency warning signs that need
urgent medical attention include:
• Fast breathing or trouble
• _________________________
• Not drinking enough fluids
• ____________________________
• Not waking up or not interacting
• Being so irritable that the child
does not want to be held
• ____________________________
In adults, emergency warning signs that need
urgent medical attention include:
• _____________________
• Pain or pressure in the
chest or abdomen
• _____________________
• ____________________
• Severe or persistent
• _____________________
Medications for H1n1 Infection?
• _______________ or _________________ for treatment or
prevention of the 2009 H1N1 flu virus
• ________________________ are prescription (pills, liquid, or
inhaled powder forms) that fight against infection in body and
keep them from reproducing within body.
• These _____________________ are being used for high risk
individuals who are hospitalized or a high risk individual
What are “swine flu parties”?
• “Swine flu parties” are gatherings during
which people have close contact with a
person who has 2009 H1N1 flu in order to
become infected with the virus.
Intent of a “swine flu Party”?
• ____________________
• These parties are aimed
at individuals becoming
infected with the 2009
H1N1 flu so he or she
may have a mild case of
the flu. Their intent is to
have a natural immunity
to the 2009 H1N1 flu
virus where in the future
may become severe.
Contamination and Cleaning
• Studies have shown that influenza
viruses can survive on
environmental surfaces and
• Influenza virus is destroyed by
________. In addition several
chemical germicides including
chlorine, hydrogen peroxide,
detergents (soap), iodophors
(iodine-based antiseptics) and
alcohols are effective against the
human influenza viruses.
• _____________________________
• CDC states that no 2009 H1N1 viruses are not spread by food.
• To this date, there have been no documented human cases of
influenza caused by exposure to influenza-contaminated
drinking water.
• __________________________________________________
• Recreational water venues are like any other group setting,
this flu virus can be passed from person to person through
coughing, sneezing or any other body fluids exchange.
• Reference:
• Reference: