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BELL RINGER 1) Who was Mussolini? 2) Who was Stalin? 3) Who was Franco? Ch. 17 Section 3 Hitler & Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler Hitler and His Views Hitler was born in Austria in 1889. After failing out of Secondary School he moved to Vienna. When World War I began, he joined the Austrian army. His Views Core was Racism, esp. antiSemitism (Discrimination against Jews) Extreme Nationalist Hitler during the Great War Hitler’s Rise After WWI he stayed in Germany and entered politics. 1919 he joined the German Workers’ Party (right-wing extreme nationalist) By 1921 he dominated the party & renamed it to National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSGWP or Nazi) The Party & SA By 1923 party grew to 55,000 member and it had a militia of 15,000. (A.K.A. SA or Storm Troopers) Hitler, 1923 Hitler’s prison trip 1923, Hitler staged an army uprising in Munich but it was quickly crushed. He was sent to prison for treason. In prison he wrote his book, Mein Kampf, (His Struggles) From Prison Rise of Nazism Once out of prison, Hitler expanded the Nazi party all over Germany. By 1929 it was a national party. 1932 it had 800,000 members and the largest party in the Reichstag (Parliament) Reichstag Great Depression The G.D. brought the Nazi party to power. Hitler promised a new Germany. Promised national pride, national honor, and militarism. Hidenburg Hitler and Hidenburg Victory of Nazism Reichstag had little power. Right-wing elites looked to Hitler for leadership. With this he had the power to save Germany from communist takeover. 1933 Hidenburg agreed to let Hitler became chancellor. Hitler’s take’s Germany Hitler reviews 35,000 SA Complete control His complete control occurred in March 1933. (After Hidenburg’s death) Enabling Act – law gave Gov’t the power to ignore the constitution for 4 yrs. While Hitler saves Germany. Concentration camps set-up for who disapproves with the new regime. In 1934, Hitler was sole ruler of Germany. (Fuhrer) The Nazi State, 1933-1939 Nazi Germany Hitler sought an Aryan society. 1000 year empire Schutzstaffeln (SS) Heinrich Himmler The State of Terror Schutzstaffeln (SS) important force to maintain order. Originally created for Hitler’s bodyguard Heinrich Himmler- leader of SS, secret police & regular police. Nazi Germany Women played a big role for Hitler’s Aryan (perfect) race. Women were to be wives and mothers, while men were to be warriors and leaders. Nuremberg Laws- Excluded Jews from German citizenship & intermarriage relationship. Jews had to wear the star of David and carry an ID card. REVIEW 1) What was Hitler’s famous book? 2) Who was Heinrich Himmler? 3) What were the Nuremberg Laws?