Download Ch.-24 - DAY 2

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Diplomatic history of World War II wikipedia, lookup

Aftermath of World War II wikipedia, lookup

Consequences of Nazism wikipedia, lookup

Western betrayal wikipedia, lookup

Causes of World War II wikipedia, lookup

Allies of World War II wikipedia, lookup

Consequences of the attack on Pearl Harbor wikipedia, lookup

European theatre of World War II wikipedia, lookup

End of World War II in Europe wikipedia, lookup

World War II by country wikipedia, lookup

German–Soviet Axis talks wikipedia, lookup

World War II casualties wikipedia, lookup

Yalta Conference wikipedia, lookup

Lend-Lease wikipedia, lookup

Aftermath of the Winter War wikipedia, lookup

Project Hula wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
VICTORY IN EUROPE AND THE PACIFIC
SECTION 3
How did the Allies defeat the Axis Powers?
 Vocabulary:
-D-Day
-Battle of the Bulge
-Harry S. Truman
-island hopping
-kamikaze
-Albert Einstein
-Manhattan Project
-J. Robert Oppenheimer

ALLIED VICTORY IN EUROPE






After “Bulge”, allies closed
in on Berlin
Allies met at Yalta to
discuss terms of German
surrender
Berlin ended up under
Soviet Control
Hitler Committed Suicide
VE Day – Victory in Europe
Discovery of the death
camps
VE DAY
TURNING POINT IN THE PACIFIC

Establish control over
skies and waters of the
Pacific

Battle of the Coral Sea
 1st major battle in
Pacific
Battle of Midway
 June 1942
 Turning point in the
Pacific
 Kamikazes

BATTLE OF IWO JIMA AND OKINAWA


US Island hopped their way
through the Pacific
Dangers other than battle


Monsoons, malaria, heat,
earthquakes, jungle conditions
Iwo Jima

US losses:



Okinawa


6800 killed
23,000 wounded
Costliest engagement 50,000
casualties
Gave U.S. strong positions to
launch air strikes
CODE-TALKERS, NAVAJO TROOPS
IWO JIMA
IWO JIMA
DEATH OF FDR 4/12/45
HARRY TRUMAN, 33RD PRESIDENT
THE END OF THE WAR







Bombing of Japan
Blockade of Japan
Kamikazes
Manhattan Project
A-Bomb Attacks
VJ Day August 14,
1945
Casualties
TRANSPARENCY
The Manhattan Project
MANHATTAN PROJECT





Key Players
 Albert Einstein
 Enrico Fermi
 J. Robert
Oppenheimer
The Decision to drop
the Bomb
August 6, 1945
 Hiroshima
August 9, 1945
 Nagasaki
August 14, 1945
 Surrender of Japan
THE WAR GOES
ATOMIC….
AN AERIAL VIEW OF "GROUND ZERO" AT LOS ALAMOS
AFTER THE DETONATION OF THE WORLD'S FIRST ATOMIC BOMB AT
5:29 A.M. ON 16 JULY 1945
HIROSHIMA (LITTLE BOY)/
NAGASAKI (FAT MAN)
HIROSHIMA


August 6, 1945,
Japan
180,000 killed,
wounded, or missing
after atomic bomb is
dropped. Two days
later Soviet Union
enters war against
Japan.
PRE-ATTACK HIROSHIMA
POST-ATTACK HIROSHIMA
TOWARDS THE EPICENTER, HIROSHIMA
NAGASAKI


August 9, 1945,
Japan
Second bomb is
dropped after
Japanese delay
surrender. 80,000
killed or missing.
NAGASAKI
A JAPANESE REPORT ON THE BOMBING CHARACTERIZED
NAGASAKI AS "LIKE A GRAVEYARD WITH NOT A TOMBSTONE
STANDING."
EFFECTS OF THE WAR
SECTION 5
 What
were the major immediate and long-term effects of
World War II?
 Vocabulary:
-Yalta Conference
-superpower
-GATT – General Agreement on Tariffs and
Trade
-UN – United Nations
-Universal Declaration of Human Rights
-Geneva Convention
-Nuremberg Trials
Date
Participants
Highlights
MolotovRibbentrop
Treaty
August
23, 1939
Germany,
Soviet Union
Hitler and Stalin sign non-aggression pact
which meant the Soviets would not
intervene if Poland were invaded. Hitler
later invaded Russia (June 22, 1941)
Atlantic
Conference
August
1941
Great Britain,
US
FDR and Churchill approve the Atlantic
Charter which supported selfdetermination, a new permanent system of
general security (a new League of Nations),
and the right of people to regain
governments abolished by dictators.
Casablanca
Conference
January
1943
Great Britain,
US
FDR and Churchill agree to step up Pacific
war, invade Sicily, increase pressure on
Italy and insist on an unconditional
surrender of Germany.
Teheran
Conference
Novemb
er 1943
Great Britain,
US, Soviet
Union
Allies agree to launch attacks from Russia
on the east at the same time as US and
Great Britain attack from west.
Date
Participants
Highlights
Yalta
February
1945
Great
Britain, US,
Soviet
Union
Stalin agreed that Poland would
have free elections after the war
and that the Soviets would attack
Japan within three months of the
collapse of Germany. Soviets
receive territory in Manchuria and
several islands
San Francisco
April 22,
1945
50 nations
United Nations Charter approved
establishing a Security Council
with veto power for the Big Five
powers (US, Great Britain, France,
China, and Soviet Union) and a
General Assembly.
Potsdam
July 1945
U.S, Great
Britain,
Soviet
Union
Pres. Truman met with Stalin and
Churchill and agreed that Japan
must surrender or risk
destruction. Atomic bomb
successfully tested on July 16 and
then dropped on Hiroshima on
August 6, 1945.
EUROPE AFTER WORLD WAR II