Download Ch. 6 – Government Vocabulary (yellow flashcards) 1 Amendment A

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Ch. 6 – Government Vocabulary (yellow flashcards) Amendment A change to the Constitution Anarchy No government Bill of Rights The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution; ratified in 1791 Checks & A system established by the Constitution that prevents any Balances branch of government from becoming too powerful Constitution A set of basic principles that determines the powers and duties of a government Democracy A type of government where the people rule (rule by the majority) Due Process The idea that the law must be fairly applied Electoral A group of people selected by the states to vote in College presidential elections Executive The part of the federal government that includes the Branch president and his administration; enforces the nation’s laws Federalism U.S. system of government where power is divided between the federal government and the states Impeach To bring charges against Individual Personal rights and freedoms; guaranteed in the Bill of Rights Rights Judicial Branch The part of the federal government that is made up of the national courts; interprets laws, punishes criminals, and settles disputes between states Judicial Review The power to declare laws unconstitutional Legislative The part of the federal government that proposes bills and Branch passes them into laws Limited The idea that no one is above the law, including the Government government Monarchy A type of government with only one ruler Oligarchy A type of government ruled by a few people or a political party Popular The idea that political authority belongs to the people Sovereignty Preamble The introduction to the U.S. Constitution; contains the purposes of government Ratify To formally approve Republic A type of government where citizens elect representatives Separation of The idea that each branch of government has its own Powers powers and responsibilities Veto Power of the President to reject a bill passed by Congress