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Planet Earth Review # 2
Golby / Goheen
When organisms are
preserved, in full or part, as
fossils, what are they
known as?
1.
2.
3.
4.
Trace fossils
Moulds
Casts
Original remains
What term describes the
powdery mark left behind
when a mineral is scratched
along a piece of unglazed
porcelain?
0%
ge
va
le
a
C
Lu
C
0%
st
re
0%
ol
or
0%
ak
Streak
Color
Lustre
Cleavage
St
re
1.
2.
3.
4.
Anna is using a Mohs scale set of
minerals to test some rock
samples. Which would she find has
the greatest hardness value?
0%
D
ia
m
on
d
te
0%
al
ci
ld
sp
ar
0%
Fe
ua
rtz
0%
C
Quartz
Feldspar
Calcite
Diamond
Q
1.
2.
3.
4.
Which of the following minerals is
the softest on the Mohs Hardness
Scale?
0%
0%
e
0%
c
0%
r
Soapstone
Feldspar
Talc
Shale
e
1.
2.
3.
4.
What type of fossils form when
bones harden into a rock-like
substance?
0%
si
ls
0%
ls
0%
fo
s
d
tr
ifi
e
Pe
Tr
ac
e
C
as
fo
ss
i
ts
0%
ou
ld
s
Moulds
Casts
Trace fossils
Petrified fossils
M
1.
2.
3.
4.
Which of the following is an
example of sedimentary rock?
Sandstone
Shale
Conglomerate
Granite
ra
n
G
gl
om
on
C
0%
ite
0%
er
at
e
al
e
0%
Sh
nd
st
on
e
0%
Sa
1.
2.
3.
4.
Which of the following is not an
example of metamorphic rock?
Diamond
Gneiss
Marble
Pumice
m
ic
e
0%
Pu
M
is
s
ne
G
ra
n
0%
ar
bl
e
0%
ite
0%
G
1.
2.
3.
4.
Which of the following is not used
to identify minerals?
Crystal shape
Hardness
Cleavage
Clarity
C
la
r
C
le
a
va
es
s
0%
ity
0%
ge
0%
ar
dn
H
ry
s
ta
l
sh
ap
e
0%
C
1.
2.
3.
4.
When a growing tree splits a rock,
this is called
g
rin
n
lw
ea
th
e
at
io
ro
t
ro
p
ic
a
ha
n
ec
M
B
io
l
og
i
ca
l
C
w
in
d
ea
th
er
er
os
io
n
in
g
0% 0% 0% 0%
W
1. Wind erosion
2. Biological
weathering
3. Crop rotation
4. Mechanical
weathering
Amie is working on a project about
sedimentary rocks. Which should
she include?
Granite
Limestone
Feldspar
marble
ar
bl
e
0%
m
ld
sp
ar
0%
Fe
to
ne
0%
m
es
Li
ra
n
ite
0%
G
1.
2.
3.
4.
Which of the following is the best
example of chemical weathering?
0%
la
nd
sl
id
e
s
0%
ro
ot
s
ci
d
ra
in
0%
A
tw
ed
gi
ng
0%
Tr
ee
Frost wedging
Acid rain
Tree roots
landslides
Fr
os
1.
2.
3.
4.
Crystals that form when magma
cools slowly are
Tiny
Invisible
Colourful
Large
rg
e
0%
La
ol
ou
rfu
l
0%
C
vi
si
bl
e
0%
In
ny
0%
Ti
1.
2.
3.
4.
What is the name of the
supercontinent that formed over
200 million years ago?
ho
R
la
nd
on
dw
ho
R
0%
nd
a
0%
an
a
de
s
ae
a
ng
0%
ia
0%
G
Pangaea
Rhodesia
Gondwanaland
Rhonda
Pa
1.
2.
3.
4.
Which of the following is not
mechanical weathering?
Frost wedging
Gravity
Wind
Acid rain
0%
A
ci
d
in
d
ra
in
0%
W
ra
v
ity
0%
G
tw
ed
gi
ng
0%
Fr
os
1.
2.
3.
4.
Rocks that break with smooth flat
edges have
Cleavage
Fracture
Clarity
Luster
st
er
0%
Lu
la
r
ity
0%
C
tu
re
0%
Fr
ac
le
a
va
ge
0%
C
1.
2.
3.
4.
Frost wedging is caused by
1. Acid freezing on
rocks
2. Water and oxygen
3. Water freezing
and thawing
4. Rocks colliding
with each other
...
di
ng
co
lli
re
e
R
oc
ks
rf
at
e
w
ith
t..
.
d
an
zi
ng
nd
ra
at
e
W
W
A
ci
d
fre
e
zi
ng
on
ox
ro
c
yg
en
ks
0% 0% 0% 0%
When ocean and continent plates
collide, one of them is forced over
the other. This is called
ne
zo
io
n
n
bv
ec
t
tio
bd
uc
Su
0%
zo
ne
0%
zo
n
C
on
ve
c
tio
tio
n
du
c
on
0%
ne
zo
ne
0%
Su
Conduction zone
Convection zone
Subduction zone
Subvection zone
C
1.
2.
3.
4.
What is the upward or top section
of folded rock on a mountain called:
Anticline
Ridge
Syncline
Fault line
e
0%
ul
tl
in
Sy
nc
lin
e
e
id
g
R
nt
ic
lin
0%
Fa
0%
e
0%
A
1.
2.
3.
4.
As an engineer what type of
seismic wave should you be most
concerned about?
Se
0%
w
av
e
ry
w
av
rt
ia
rfa
c
e
Te
co
nd
a
ry
w
av
w
av
e
0%
e
0%
e
0%
Su
Primary wave
Secondary wave
Surface wave
Tertiary wave
Pr
im
ar
y
1.
2.
3.
4.
The point in the earth’s interior
where the energy release of an
earthquake occurs is
Focus
Epicentre
Fault
Hot spot
t
sp
o
ot
H
ic
e
Ep
0%
ul
t
s
cu
0%
Fa
0%
nt
re
0%
Fo
1.
2.
3.
4.
Which is the correct term for the
visible layers we see in soil?
Layering
Humus
Stratification
Soil profile
0%
il
p
So
tif
ic
at
io
n
ro
fil
e
0%
St
ra
um
us
0%
H
ye
rin
g
0%
La
1.
2.
3.
4.
The thinnest of all earth’s layers is
Inner core
Outer core
Crust
Upper mantle
0%
tle
t
er
m
an
ru
s
pp
U
ut
er
O
0%
C
re
co
ne
r
0%
co
re
0%
In
1.
2.
3.
4.