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Overview of the SSNAPP
Methodology
Lwandle Mqadi
Phases based “SSNAPP”
•
•
•
•
The identification phase,
The design phase
The implementation phase and
Monitoring and evaluation phase
The Identification Phase (Top down
and bottom up approaches)
1.
• In-country mapping of physical vulnerabilities to
climate change and climate variability of both
regions/areas and also sectors.
• Poverty and vulnerability mapping
• Information from the mapping is then combined by overlaying
maps of physical vulnerabilities and poverty distribution. This
locates national ‘hot spots’ of climate change/climate
variability and poverty.
• Validation and Verification:
• Data used to identify the hot spots is verified through the site
visits to the “hot-spots” i.e. validation and verification of local
climate change impacts and vulnerabilities faced by
communities at that level
The Design Phase:
• Partnership building and fundraising takes
centre stage during this phase.
• Activities include:
– Identification of key stakeholders within the vulnerable
areas (who might be working either on natural
resources management issues, disaster mitigation
issues, vulnerability and/or development issues)
– The signing of a memorandum of understanding with
the selected partner institution/s
– Drafting of a Project Identification Note based on the
key identified vulnerabilities and potential adaptation
activities is then initiated.
• Project Identification Note Development
involves:
– Understanding the risks and vulnerabilities faced by,
and from the perspective of, vulnerable communities;
– Understanding of existing institutional structures
within the vulnerable communities and other
development institutions;
– Identifying potential adaptation activities relevant for
the vulnerable hot-spots and to the communities;
– Drafting of the monitoring and evaluation protocol in
terms of implementation.
• Fundraising: Interaction with potential funders.
The Implementation Phase
• …………………..
Monitoring and Evaluation
• Monitoring and evaluation by the Monitors
using indicators focused on the overall
adaptation programme’s objective;
• Monitoring and evaluation by all involved
stakeholders using indicators generated
by all involved/stakeholders
Conclusions
– sustainable livelihood activities are not
homogeneous and vary from community to
community, sector to sector and region to
region.
– Different types of activities are, therefore,
required to enhance the community’s capacity
to cope with and combat the adverse impacts
of climate variability and change depending
on the circumstances