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IGES-URC Regional Workshop in Asia on
Capacity Development for the Clean
Development Mechanism
24-26 March 2004
Siem Reap, Cambodia
CDM Capacity Building Program
in Cambodia
Presented by
Thy SUM, Climate Change Office
Ministry of Environment, Cambodia
Background Information
Overview of CDM Capacity Building
Major Achievements
Planned Activities for CD4CDM Project
Proposed Activities for ICS-CDM Project
Lessons Learned
I. Background Information
Cambodia ratified the UNFCCC on 18 December
Cambodia acceded to the Kyoto Protocol on 4 July
2002, which entered into force on 22 August 2002.
Cambodia submitted its First National Communication
to the CoP-8 at New Delhi in late 2002.
The Ministry of Environment (MoE) is the National
Focal Point for the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol.
The Cambodian Climate Change Office (CCCO) of
MoE was established on 23 June 2003 by Ministerial
Declaration, serve as interim DNA.
II. Overview of CDM Capacity Building
Project in Cambodia (1)
CD4CDM Project
ICS-CDM Project
The Ministry of
Environment signed an
agreement with UNEPRISØ Centre on Energy,
Climate, and Sustainable
Development to
implement the CD4CDM
Phase 1 project in
November 2002.
IGES conducted initial visit
to Cambodia on 13 August
2003. The Ministry of
Environment and IGES
signed an agreement to
implement ICS-CDM project
phase 1 in January 2004.
II. Overview of CDM Capacity Building
Project in Cambodia (2)
CD4CDM Project
ICS-CDM Project
The overall development objective
The overall development objective
of this project is to: generate, in
of this project is to: enabling
selected developing countries, a
potential CDM host countries and
broad understanding develop
Japanese investors to participate in
institutional capability and human CDM projects that contribute to
capacity to fully participate as
equal partners with developed
countries in the formulation and
implementation of the Clean
Development Mechanism"
sustainable development.
II. Overview of CDM Capacity Building
Project in Cambodia (3)
CD4CDM Project
ICS-CDM Project
Specific objectives:
Specific objectives:
Conduct information
campaigns and awareness
raising about the benefits of
the CDM for relevant target
groups and generate support
of the government for
participating in the CDM;
Develop CDM-related
capacity for national policy
Information dissemination and
awareness raising about CDM
Network building among
entities interested in CDM in
host countries and Japan
Training of personnel to
implement CDM
Support the finding,
development and
implementation of CDM
II. Overview of CDM Capacity Building
Project in Cambodia (4)
CD4CDM Project
(3) Assist the Government in
establishing and building
capacity of the CDM National
(4) Facilitate capacity development
for public and private sector
players to identify, formulate
and secure financing for CDM
project; and
(5) Create a pipeline of CDMeligible projects.
ICS-CDM Project
III. Achievement (1)
CD4CDM Project
 Project office and staff recruitment/selection fully
 Two-week intensive CDM training for project staff
and on-going on-the-job training for them
 Required CDM materials downloaded from internet
for training use
 Conducted more than 25 CDM awareness raising
meetings/mini workshops with relevant target groups:
government, private sector, NGOs, academe, donor
projects, multilateral agencies.
III. Major Achievement (2)
CD4CDM Project
 Organized the 2nd National Workshop on CDM
 Developed a CDM brochure and a CDM briefing kit CD
 Developed an interim CDM section on the climate change
website ( and a draft structure of
the full CDM section
 Analysis of information on SD criteria from other
countries and of Cambodian SD-related documents
 Developed draft SD criteria for assessing proposed CDM
 Assisted the Government in establishing an interim DNA
 Established Inter-Ministerial Working Group for preparing
SD-Criteria and DNA.
III. Major Achievement (3)
ICS-CDM Project
 Organized Project Initiation Workshop in December 2003
 Organized a Workshop on the Clean Development
Mechanism for the Energy Sector (9 Feb 2004 in Phnom
 Organized Provincial Workshop on the Clean Development
Mechanism (11-12 Feb 2004, in Siem Reap)
 A Climate Change Booklet (Khmer version) is being prepared
 Assessment Report of CDM Opportunities in Cambodia’s
Energy Sector is on going.
IV. Planned Activities for CD4CDM Project (1)
1: Raising awareness of CDM + generate government
Continue to collect, adapt/prepare CDM information
materials relevant to Cambodia (brochures, booklets, video
spots, etc.)
Organise CDM workshops/round table discussions
Assist participation in regional/international CDM forums
Establish CDM section on existing website
Continue to disseminate material to policy makers
Development of case studies to demonstrate benefits of CDM
IV. Planned Activities for CD4CDM Project (2)
2: Development of CDM capacity for policy makers
Define capacity needs of government ministries and
agencies to formulate the legal and regulatory
frameworks for CDM
Carry out capacity assessments and identify capacity
needs within key government ministries and agencies
Develop training materials relevant to these capacity
Conduct training for policy makers
IV. Planned Activities for CD4CDM Project (3)
3: Establishment/building capacity for CDM Designated
National Authority (1)
Review existing models for DNA from other countries
Consult ministries/agencies to develop suitable options
Identify and develop mechanism for establishing DNA
(legislation, regulation, rule, decree, etc.)
Develop the mandate, roles, responsibilities,
organisational structure, etc. of the DNA
Identify the staffing and infrastructure needs of the DNA
Set up DNA with it's functions and responsibilities
IV. Planned Activities for CD4CDM Project (4)
3: Establishment/building capacity for CDM Designated
National Authority (2)
Collect and review related sustainable development
Develop specific guidelines for approval process of projects
Prepare evaluation criteria and procedures
Conduct national workshops to discuss guidelines, criteria,
Finalise and issue operational guidelines, criteria and
Periodically review and improve operation of DNA
Conduct national workshops for DNA staff to share knowledge
Participate in regional workshops to share experiences
IV. Planned Activities for CD4CDM Project (5)
4: Capacity development for public/private
Identify target groups (project developers,
project financiers, NGOs, research institutions
and academe) and levels of understanding
Prepare information materials based on specific
needs for each group
Organise targeted workshops for each group
IV. Planned Activities for CD4CDM Project (6)
5: Pipeline of CDM Eligible Projects
 Provide project cycle assistance to project developers
 Collate a list of potential CDM projects
 Help project developers secure finances and develop
 Identify barriers to encouraging CDM project investments
 Create contacts through regional and international CDM
V. Proposed Activities for ICS-CDM Project (1)
1: Awareness raising and information outreach
Focus on provincial awareness raising using
material developed under all CDM CB projects.
Use private sector associations and NGOs to
identify current provincial activities; and work
to raise awareness and identify links with
potential CDM projects
Conduct provincial workshops and face-to-face
meetings with private sector, government staff
and NGOs.
V. Proposed Activities for ICS-CDM Project (2)
2: Strengthening capacity of stakeholders
 Develop generic baseline information to facilitate potential
private sector
 Link private sector into Phase 1 of ICS-CDM Task 3; work with
each private sector participants in each identified sector at the
stage of baseline setting and GHG calculation. Undertake broad
training workshops based on identified projects – PIN case
study development
 Pilot Project development – using projects identified in Phase 1
of ICS-CDM Task 3 select 2 appropriate projects to undertake a
pilot and ‘learning by doing’ training in PDD formulation
 Identify potential monitoring and verification organisations;
brief them on CDM
 Work with World Bank REF and CD4CDM to identify best way
for ICS-CDM to work together to build capacity of financial
IV. Proposed Activities for ICS-CDM Project (3)
3:Facilitate the development of CDM-eligible projects in priority sectors
 facilitate
'bottom-up' identification and development of CDM
projects through awareness raising meetings and training
Identify and develop small scale CDM project pipeline in the
following sectors:
Stage 1
 agricultural waste (rice husk, nut shells, bagasse, coconut shells)
 hotel energy efficiency
 brick and tile energy efficiency
waste management
Stage 2
 energy cropping/community forestry
 water/waste water treatment (methane or water supply pipelines)
 small scale industrial biogas
irrigation/micro hydro potential
IV. Proposed Activities for ICS-CDM Project (4)
4: CDM Investment promotion activities
 Develop an Investor guide for Cambodia and
CDM projects. Summarise investment laws;
status of policies.
 Based on ICS-CDM Task 3, promote identified
CDM projects to Japanese companies, investors
CDM funds.
 Facilitate partnership with local investors
/developers private sector actors.
 Promote co-financing ICS-CDM for pilot
 Promote seminars to Japanese investors and or
Japanese regional /local partnerships
IV. Proposed Activities for ICS-CDM Project (5)
5: Research on policy development
 Analysis of CDM and sustainable
development for Cambodia
 Prepare national policy for climate
VI. Lesson learned
 Most of relevant stakeholders have limited knowledge about CDM;
 Larger meeting prevent interaction and in-depth discussion on
CDM issues;
 Face-to-face meetings are good solution but takes more time to
introduce CDM concept;
 Language barrier (translation of terminology) has some impact on
capacity building and understanding CDM processes;
 Investment and finance is limited in Cambodia, therefore number
of project developers contemplating CDM-eligible projects is
limited, but growing slowly; interest in CDM higher when potential
projects are more ‘top-of-mind’.
 Availability of international information related to DNA
establishment, SD criteria, identification of potential CDM project,
etc. is relatively limited.