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Transcript
SPREP Members
American Samoa
Australia
Cook Islands
Federated States of
Micronesia
Fiji
France
French Polynesia
Guam
Kiribati
Marshall Islands
Nauru
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Niue
Northern Mariana Islands
Palau
Papua New Guinea
Samoa
Solomon Islands
Tokelau
Tonga
Tuvalu
United States of America
Vanuatu
Wallis and Futuna
Secretariat of the
Pacific Regional
Environment
Programme
Climate change negotiations from Rio
to Doha – building capacities
Espen Ronneberg
Climate Change Adviser, SPREP
[email protected]
Overview
Secretariat of the
Pacific Regional
Environment
Programme
• The Durban Platform - AWG-DP
• Ad Hoc Working Group on Kyoto Protocol
– AWG-KP
• Ad Hoc Working Group on Long Term
Cooperative Action – AWG-LCA
• Process so far this year, focussing on
outcomes of latest meeting in Bangkok
• Some reflections on what this means for
prospects for Doha
• How to build capacities in the region
AWG-DP
• Roundtables held in BKK – informal
exchanges but parameters noted
• Key focus on enhancing ambition
• Attempts to revise common but
differentiated – outdated or valid
• “Applicable to all” – universality or
uniformity; fair application?
Secretariat of the
Pacific Regional
Environment
Programme
AWG-KP
Secretariat of the
Pacific Regional
Environment
Programme
• Sought to develop decision for amending
the KP at Doha
• This would allow second commitment
period to start in January 2013
• Informal paper outlining proposed
process developed in BKK
• Now more clarity on the options for
transitioning in the 2nd CP
• Still doubts on who will agree/sign/ratify
AWG-LCA
• Sought to clarify if all issues from Bali were now covered
• Much disagreement on whether processes assigned tasks
were sufficient
• Much debate as to what closing LCA in Doha entails in
relation to Parties views on issues outstanding
• Some important issues such as peaking of emissions will
be considered in 2013-2015 but in what format
• Comparability of pledges also not clear
• No mid-term financial target
• No clarity on common accounting framework
Secretariat of the
Pacific Regional
Environment
Programme
Reflections on Bangkok session
Secretariat of the
Pacific Regional
Environment
Programme
• No new measures to combat climate
change, yet some progress to enable a
successful outcome and balanced
package of measures at the Doha
• Session almost did not happen due to
lack of funding, a full plate: Doha
amendment(s) to KP for robust 2CP;
successful closure of the AWG-LCA; and
initial consolidation of ADP to map out
the path towards a new legal regime by
2015 to start beginning in 2020.
Concerns in the AWG-KP
• Legal – ratification lengthy for some
countries; provisional application not
feasible for some
• Continuation of usage of KP mechanisms
– only for parties with 2CP or flexibility
under transition period
• Length of commitment period – 5 or 8
years? Issue of ambition level & overlap
Secretariat of the
Pacific Regional
Environment
Programme
Concerns in the AWG-LCA
• Wide disagreement on whether more work was
needed in LCA to finish Bali
• Work mandated for Doha - shared vision;
developed country mitigation; developing
country mitigation; REDD+; sectoral
approaches; various approaches, including
markets; and Review
• Has finance, adaptation, technology been
adequately addressed?
• Chair’s text is inconclusive
Secretariat of the
Pacific Regional
Environment
Programme
Concerns in the AWG-DP
Secretariat of the
Pacific Regional
Environment
Programme
• Agreement on 2 workstreams on post-2020 and
pre-2020 ambition
• Disagreement on this covers only mitigation or
also adaptation, finance and technology
• CBDR - “universality of application” should not
become “uniformity of application” to take
account the variety of national circumstances
• Developed countries increasingly referring to
current socio-economic realities, flexible and
dynamic structures to evolve over time to
promote increasing ambition as countries’
capabilities and confidence grow
Building capacity for negotiations
Secretariat of the
Pacific Regional
Environment
Programme
• Last 10 years SPREP have been providing
support to negotiators, including through
negotiations skills training, particularly last 5
• Module approach “Taking The Floor”, with
glossary of key climate change terms, key
organizational issues (document titles,
numbers), key negotiations jargon (FCCC!)
• Exercises include drafting position papers and
briefs, what to expect at a COP, mock
negotiations, developing a draft decision
• All is based on the latest state of issues in the
negotiations
Other negotiations preparations
Secretariat of the
Pacific Regional
Environment
Programme
• Key issues in the negotiations are
presented and discussed, and feedback
on preferences documented for AOSIS
• Latest science updates provided by
invited experts – key to positioning
• In-depth discussions on priorities for the
meetings, including ancillary issues like
discussions with key donors on national
and regional activities – current/planned
• Improves cohesiveness, preparedness
Future considerations
Secretariat of the
Pacific Regional
Environment
Programme
• SPREP has developed a successful model
for negotiations skills training and
preparing for the negotiations
• Should be expanded to include Brussels
and New York
• Ad-hoc support from donors in the past,
need to have assured funding, lock in
dates to allow for busy schedules
• Some interest from donors but nothing
concrete – many balking at the sheer
costs of transport associated – Pacific!
Conclusion
Secretariat of the
Pacific Regional
Environment
Programme
SPREP Members
American Samoa
Australia
Cook Islands
Federated States of
Micronesia
Fiji
France
French Polynesia
Guam
Kiribati
Marshall Islands
Nauru
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Niue
Northern Mariana Islands
Palau
Papua New Guinea
Samoa
Solomon Islands
Tokelau
Tonga
Tuvalu
United States of America
Vanuatu
Wallis and Futuna
Secretariat of the
Pacific Regional
Environment
Programme
Kommol tata!
Faafetai tele lava!