Download The Counselor’s Corner Resources Thinking Interdependently Whitney Shelton, Daniel Wright Elementary

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The Counselor’s Corner
Whitney Shelton, Daniel Wright Elementary
[email protected]
(614) 718-8900
Thinking Interdependently
Thinking Interdependently entails the following four characteristics:
1. Positive Interdependence.
This means that the group sinks or swims together, that they rely on each
other. There should be one group goal, not multiple individual goals.
2. Individual Accountability.
Each person should be responsible for their part. Although the task must be a
joint task, each person has a role and must be held accountable for
completing their part.
3. Equal Participation.
No one can be left to do it all, and no one should be able to opt out. The roles
within the group are fairly distributed according to skills and time.
4. Simultaneous Interaction.
To encourage effective group work everyone should be doing something at
the same time. We don’t want to encourage the division of labor into a
sequence of unrelated tasks. No one should be waiting for others to
“do their part.”
Keeping these characteristics in mind, in all grade levels we did a variation of
a creative team challenge. We discussed what each characteristic looks and
sounds like in real life, and we also talked about what to do when our team
just isn’t working.
Some students may not have learned to work in groups; they have
underdeveloped social skills. They feel isolated, they prefer their solitude.
"Leave me alone--I'll do it by my self". " They just don't like me". "I want to be
alone." Some students seem unable to contribute to group work either by
being a "job hog" or conversely, letting others do all the work.
Check out my guidance page
Working in groups requires the ability to justify ideas and to test the feasibility
of solution strategies on others. It also requires the development of a
willingness and openness to accept the feedback from a critical friend.
Through this interaction the group and the individual continue to grow.
Listening, consensus seeking, giving up an idea to work with someone
else's, empathy, compassion, group leadership, knowing how to support
group efforts, altruism--all are behaviors indicative of cooperative human
for more information about
the guidance program: