Download Abstinence and STD prevention

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Sexual abstinence wikipedia , lookup

Rochdale child sex abuse ring wikipedia , lookup

Human female sexuality wikipedia , lookup

History of human sexuality wikipedia , lookup

Sexual ethics wikipedia , lookup

Condom wikipedia , lookup

Slut-shaming wikipedia , lookup

Abstinence-only sex education in Uganda wikipedia , lookup

Lesbian sexual practices wikipedia , lookup

Safe sex wikipedia , lookup

Stop, Think, Be SAFE!!
General Facts
18.9 million people become
infected w/ one or more STD’s
each year in the U.S.
48% of STD’s are contracted
by people ages 15-24.
One in five people in the
United States has an STD.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
 STDs are diseases and infections
which are capable of being spread
from person to person through:
- Vaginal, anal, oral sex
- Intimate skin to skin contact
True or False??
1. Most people with an STD experience painful
False. Most people who are infected with an STD,
do not notice any symptoms until they visit their
doctor or suffer from infertility.
2. Abstinence is the best way to prevent STDs.
True. Abstinence from sexual intercourse is the
most effective way to avoid becoming exposed to a
sexually transmitted disease. However, some
STD’s can be spread through oral sex and close
body-to-body contact.
True or False??
3. If you get an STD once, and are treated, you can’t
get it again.
False. Even if a person has been treated with
antibiotics, he/she can be re-infected if she/he has
sexual contact with someone who carries the
4. A person does not need to see a doctor if she/he
notices sores on his/her genitals once, but then they
go away.
False. Even if symptoms go away after a week or
so, a person still needs to see a doctor. Just
because the symptoms have subsided, doesn’t
mean the disease has disappeared.
Bacterial OR Viral
Bacterial infections may
be cured by antibiotics.
Most viral infections
have NO CURE! You will
have the virus FOREVER!
What are some of the common
symptoms I should look out for??
Sores (either painful or painless)
Blood in urine
Burning sensation when urinating
Unusual discharge
2.8 million new cases each year
Is it curable??
- Yes. Chlamydia is treated with
** If untreated can lead to Pelvic
Inflammatory Disease**
Genital Herpes
1million new cases each
Virus (Herpes Simplex 2)
Spread via sexual contact
with or without a visible
outbreak (sores)
Genital Herpes
Is it curable??
- NO!
- The symptoms of genital
herpes can be treated,
but the virus remains in
the body FOREVER!
Genital Herpes
Genital Warts/HPV
6.2 million new cases
each year
HPV: most of the time no
symptoms are present
Most widespread STD
because sexual
intercourse does not
need to occur (only skinto-skin contact needed)
Leading cause of cervical
cancer in women.
Genital Warts/HPV
Is it curable??
- NO!
- Gardisal Vaccine
- The symptoms of genital
warts/HPV are treated, but
the virus remains in the
Genital Warts/HPV
700,000 new cases each year
Is it curable??
- Yes.
- Gonorrhea is treated with
Hepatitis “B”
Organ Affected:
 Is it curable??
- NO!
 Prevention: Vaccine (3 shot
40,000 new cases per
Two Different Stages
 “asymptomatic”
 “symptomatic”
Is it curable??
- NO!
HIV is a deadly disease,
although with advanced
treatment infected
individuals are living
Pubic Lice – “Crabs”
 Parasite
 VERY easily spread
 Is it curable??
- Yes.
- Treated with special
shampoo, cream, or spray
Pubic Lice – “Crabs”
70,000 per year
(3 stages)
Syphilis - Symptoms
Stage 1:
- chancre (sore), rash
Stage 2:
- swelling, fever, sore
Stage 3:
- attacks heart, blood
vessels, and CNS
Is it curable??
- Yes
- Treated with
penicillin only during
stages 1 and 2!
 Abstinence.
 Know your partner.
 Get the FACTS. Be knowledgeable.
 Get vaccinated.
 Reduce your number of partners.
 Get tested – RESPECT your body!
 Ask your partner to get tested.
 Use protection – ALWAYS!
True/False –
Prevention Methods
1. Condoms are 100% effective against STD’s.
FALSE. 98% effective with perfect use; 85%
effective with typical use.
2. It is acceptable to use the same condom more
than once.
3. Condoms have an expiration date.,
FALSE. Condoms are made of latex that can
break down over time. Heat and friction can
also weaken the condom.
True/False –
Prevention Methods
4. Wearing two condoms will provide extra
FALSE. The two condoms will rub against
each other and cause rips in the latex.
5. A woman taking birth control pills should
still insist that her partner use a condom.
TRUE. The pill is only effective against
pregnancy prevention. It provides 0%
effectiveness against STD’s.
True/False –
Prevention Methods
6. Oral sex is a safe way to have sex if you do
not want to get an STD.
FALSE. STD’s can be spread through oral
7. Teenagers can receive testing and
treatment for STD’s and pregnancy without
having their parents notified.
TRUE. Many local clinics (ex: Planned
Parenthood) offer confidential testing.
Safe Practices for Using a Condom
 Make sure the condom package is not
tampered with and check the expiration date.
 Read the directions to make sure you know the
right way to put the condom on and take it off.
 Use a condom EVERY time you have sex.
 If you are mature enough to engage in sexual
activities then be mature enough to protect
yourself and your partner.
 Be prepared. Respect yourself and your
partner. Remember it only takes one
“mistake” to change your life forever.