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Carroll University
CSC 409
Chapter 5: Hardware
Team Competitive Advantage
I. Introductions
II. Hardware
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
Processors
Memory
Hard Drives
Removable Storage
Supercomputers
Tablets/Laptops
Microcomputers
III. Conclusion
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 2
Processors
Presented By Kevin White
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 3
What is a Processor?
•
•
•
•
•
Central Processing Unit/MicroProcessor/Brain
Determines the Computers Speed
Speed Measured in GHz (1 Billion Cycles/Sec)
Core(s) = Processes
Threads = Tasks
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 4
40 Years of Progress
Intel 40041
•
•
•
•
•
•
Launched: 1971
Clock: 108 kHz
Data Width: 4 bits
Manufacturing Process: 10 Microns
Transistor count: 2300
Speed: .06 MIPS*
*million instructions per second
Intel i7 26002
•
•
•
•
•
•
Launched: 2011
Clock: 3,460,000 kHz
Data Width: 64 bits
Manufacturing Process: .032 Microns
Transistors: 995,000,000
Speed: 20,684 MIPS*
*million instructions per second
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 5
Moore’s Law
3,4
Transistor Dimensions
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 6
Intel 2011 Processors
Name
Use
Cores/Threads Frequency
Xeon X5690
Server
6/12
Core i7 2600
Desktop
Core i5 2500
5
Cache
Notes
3.46 GHz
12 MB
Supports 288Gb memory, Turbo, HyperThreading (HT)
4/8
3.4 GHz
8.0 MB
Turbo, Hyper-Threading (HT) , Imbedded
HD/3D Graphics, Retail $299.99
Desktop
4/4
3.3 GHz
6.0 MB
Turbo, Imbedded HD/3D Graphics, Retail
$217.99
Core i3 2120
Desktop
2/4
3.3 GHz
3.0 MB
Imbedded HD/3D Graphics, Retail $175.95
Core i7 2820
Laptop
4/8
2.3 GHz
8.0 MB
Turbo, Hyper-Threading (HT), HD/3D
graphics, 45W
Core i5 2540
Laptop
2/4
2.6 GHz
3.0 MB
Turbo, HT, HD/3D graphics, 35W
Core i3 2310
Laptop
2/4
2.1 GHz
3.0 MB
HT, HD/3D graphics,
35W
Atom Z560
Netbook
1/2
2.13 GHz
512K
2.5W, x86 compatibility, Network -attached
Storage Devices (NAD)
Atom Z550
Netbook
1/2
2.00 GHz
512K
2.4W, x86 compatibility, Network -attached
Storage Devices (NAD), HT, 32-bit
Atom N270
Netbook
1/2
1.60 GHz
512K
2.5W, x86 compatibility, Network -attached
Storage Devices (NAD), HT, 32-bit
Atom Z6xx
Mobile
1/1
1.5-1.9GHz
512K
.10W, High End Smart Phones, Tablets, HT,
ultra low power consumption
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 7
AMD 2011 Processors
Name
6,7
Use
Cores
Frequency
Cache
Notes
Server
12
2.5 GHz
12MB
Retail price: $1,514.00
Phenom II X6 1055T
Desktop
6
2.8Ghz
6MB
Turbo, Retail Price:$179.99
Athlon II X4 645
Desktop
4
3.1 GHz
2MB
Retail: $118.99
Athlon II X3 450
Desktop
3
3.2 GHz
1.5MB
Retail Price $79.99
Athlon II X2 265
Desktop
2
3.3 GHz
2MB
Retail: $74.99
Phenom II N930
Laptop
4
2.0 GHz
512K
35W
Turion II M560
Laptop
2
2.5 GHz
512K
35W
Athlon II M340
Laptop
2
2.3GHz
512K
35W
Sempron 201U
Netbook
1
1.5 GHz
256K
15W
Sempron 200U
Netbook
1
1.0 GHz
256K
8W
Opteron 6180 SE
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 8
APPLE Processors
Name
8,9,10
Use
Cores
Frequency
Cache
Notes
Samsung ARM 11
iPhone 3G
1
412 MHz
16K
Processor under clocked from 620 MHz
Samsung Cortex A8
iPhone 3Gs
1
600MHz
16K
Processor under clocked from 833 MHz
.45mW
Apple A4
iPad,
iPhone 4
1
750 MHz 1.0 GHz
640K
Apple A8/A9
iPhone 5
2
?
?
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Apple is tight lipped about specs
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 9
Other Mobile Processors
Name
Use
Cores
Frequency
Qualcomm Snapdragon
MSM865511
Blackberry Storm
Blackberry Bold
Sony PSP phone
LG Revolution
HTC Thunderbolt
1
800 GHz
- 1.2 GHz
Freescale i.MX3512
Kindle 3
Sony Reader PRS-650
Sony Reader PRS-350
Onyx Bebook Neo
1
532 MHz
Samsung Hummingbird13
Galaxy Tab
1
1GHz
Texas Instruments
OMAP 443011
LG Optimus 3D (Phone)
2
1GHz
Nvidia Tegra214
Motorola Xoom (Tablet)
T-Mobile G-Slate (Tablet)
Acer ICONIA TAB A500
ASUS Eee Pad Transformer
2
1GHz
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Notes
Page 10
The Future…
• 22nm  15nm 11nm 8nm15
• Integrating Memory Controllers and Graphics
• Memristors16
– Short for Memory Resistor
– No Energy Required to Maintain Data Storage
– Can Perform Logic
– Can Stack Layer Upon Layer
• Dual/Quad Core Mobile Processors15
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 11
References
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
http://www.thocp.net/hardware/intel_4004.htm
http://ark.intel.com/Product.aspx?id=52213
http://www.intel.com/technology/mooreslaw/
http://www.ask.com/wiki/Transistor_count
http://www.intel.com/products/processor/index.htm?iid=gg_prod-en_US+procs
http://products.amd.com/en-us/NotebookCPUResult.aspx
http://products.amd.com/en-us/DesktopCPUResult.aspx
http://www.everyipod.com/iphone-faq/iphone-processor-types.html
http://www.everyipod.com/ipad-specs/apple-ipad-original-3g-gps-specs.html
http://www.macstories.net/news/rumor-iphone-5-with-apple-a8-dual-core-processor/
http://androidheadlines.com/2011/01/what-powers-android-hummingbird-vs-snapdragon-vs-omap-vstegra-2-arm-chips-explained.html
http://cache.freescale.com/files/32bit/doc/brochure/FLYRIMXPRDCMPR.pdf?fpsp=1
http://www.phonearena.com/phones/Samsung-Galaxy-Tab-T-Mobile_id4901
http://blogs.nvidia.com/2011/01/tegra-2-tablets-tear-up-ces/
http://news.cnet.com/8301-13924_3-20020078-64.html
http://www.zdnet.com/blog/foremski/tha-amazing-memristor-beyond-moores-law-and-beyond-digitalcomputing/1309
http://gcn.com/blogs/mobileplatform/2011/02/quad-core-evolution-coming-to-mobile.aspx
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 12
Memory
Presented By Susie Moua
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 13
Memory
•Physical memory(RAM) •Virtual memory
•What it does
•Type and Capacity
•Benefits
•Volatile vs. Non-volatile
CSC 409 Spring 2011
•What it does
•Benefits
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 14
Type of RAMs
•SRAM
•DRAM
•FPM DRAM
•EDO DRAM
•SDRAM
•DDR SDRAM
•RDRAM
•Credit Card Memory
•PCMCIA Memory Card
•CMOS RAM
•VRAM
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 15
How Much Memory is Needed
Operating System Memory Recommendations
Operating System
Minimum requirements
Crucial recommendations*
Microsoft Windows® 7 64-bit
2GB
4GB-8GB
Microsoft Windows® 7 32-bit
1GB
4GB
Microsoft Windows® Vista™ 64-bit
2GB
4GB-8GB
Microsoft Windows® Vista 32-bit
1GB
4GB
Microsoft Windows® XP® Professional
512MB
2GB-4GB
Windows XP Home
512MB
1GB-3GB
Windows 2000
512MB
1GB-4GB
Mac® OS X
512MB
2GB-4GB
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 16
History Timeline
ENIAC
1946
Magnetic Core
Memory
1952
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Semiconductor
Memory
1966
Team: Competitive Advantage
DRAM
1968
Page 17
History Timeline (cont.)
SDRAM
1993
DDR SDRAM
DDR2 SDRAM
DDR3 SDRAM
2000
2003
2007
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 18
Today’s Computer Memory
DDR3 SDRAM
•Twice the speed
•Higher bandwidth (up to 1600 Mbps)
•Performance increase at low power
•Longer battery life
•1.5 volts
•Not compatible with DDR2
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 19
DDR, DDR2 & DDR3
DDR
DDR2
DDR3
184
240
240
Data Rate
200 - 400 Mbps
400 - 800 Mbps
800 - 1600 Mbps
System Assumption
4 slots (8 loads)
2 slots (4 loads)
2 slots (4 loads)
2.5V
1.8V
1.5V
Clock Frequencies
(MHz)
100-200
100-266
100-266
Transfer
Frequency(MHz)
200-400
400-1066
800-2133
Pins
Vdd/Vddq
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 20
DDR, DDR2, DDR3 (cont.)
Friendly Name Industry Name
Peak Transfer Rate
Data Transfers/Second (in Millions)
DDR-200
PC-1600
1600 MB/s
200
DDR-266
PC-2100
2100 MB/s
266
DDR-300
PC-2400
2400 MB/s
300
DDR-333
PC-2700
2700 MB/s
333
DDR-400
PC-3200
3200 MB/s
400
DDR2-400
PC2-3200
3200 MB/s
400
DDR2-533
PC2-4200
4266 MB/s
533
DDR2-667
PC2-5300
5333 MB/s
667
DDR2-800
PC2-6400
6400 MB/s
800
DDR2-1066
PC2-8500
8533 MB/s
1066
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 21
DDR, DDR2, DDR3 (cont.)
Friendly Name Industry Name Peak Transfer Rate Data Transfers/Second (in Millions)
DDR3-800
PC3-6400
6400 MB/s
800
DDR3-1066
PC3-8500
8533 MB/s
1066
DDR3-1333
PC3-10600
10667 MB/s
1333
DDR3-1600
PC3-12800
12800 MB/s
1600
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 22
DDR4
•
•
•
•
•
Samsung Develops Industry’s First DDR4DRAM, Using 30nm Class
Technology - January 4, 2011
Pseudo Open Drain (POD) - a new technology that has been adapted to highperformance graphic DRAM to allow DDR4 DRAM to consume just half the
electric current of DDR3 when reading and writing data.”
Performance speed: 1.6 Gbit/sec. to 3.2 Gbit/sec.
Twice the performance of DDR3
1.2 volts
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 23
Future - DDR5 SDRAM
•DDR5
oMaybe another 3-4 years
oPerformance speed doubles again
oPossibly use POD or better
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 24
References
1. http://ehow.com
2. http://computer.howstuffworks.com/virtual-memory.htm
3. http://www.design-reuse.com/articles/13805/the-love-hate-relationship-withddr-sdram-controllers.html
4. http://www.crucial.com/support/memory_speeds.aspx
5. http://www.crucial.com/support/howmuch.aspx
6. http://www.samsung.com/us/news/newsRead.do?news_seq=19781&page=4
&gltype=globalnews
7. http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9203178/Samsung_announces_first_
DDR4_DRAM_module
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 25
Hard Drives
Presented By James Klabunde
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 26
1956
• IBM ships the first hard drive in the RAMAC
305 system. The drive holds 5MB of data at
$10,000 a megabyte. The system is as big as
two refrigerators and uses 50 24-inch platters
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 27
History
• 1963:IBM comes up with the first removable
hard drive, the 1311, which has six 14-inch
platters and holds 2.6MB.
• 1978: First RAID (Redundant Arrays of
Independent Disks) technology patent is filed.
• 1980: IBM introduces the first gigabyte hard
drive. It is the size of a refrigerator, weighs
about 550 pounds, and costs $40,000.
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 28
History cont.
• 1992: Seagate is first to market with a 7200revolutions-per-minute hard drive, the 2.1GB
Barracuda
• 2006: Seagate releases the Barracuda
7200.10, at 750GB the largest hard drive to
date.
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 29
Modern Drives
• The first PC hard disks had a capacity of 10
megabytes and a cost of over $100 per MB.
• Modern hard disks have capacities of 100
gigabytes and a cost of less than 1 cent per
MB!
• Improvement of 1,000,000% in just under 20
years!
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 30
Areas of Improvement
• Performance
– Speed (Read, write, interface (IDE,PATA,SATA))
• Storage Capacity
– 5MB to now Few TB’s
• Reliability
– Much more reliable and longer lasting
– (Maybe most important piece of hardware because of the need to
access the data on it.)
• Cost
– From many thousands of dollars to hundreds and cheaper.
• Size
– From “refrigerators” to less than an inch
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 31
Drive of the Future
• Solid State Drive (SSD)
• Pros
– The potential data speed of reading and writing to the solid drive is
due to the fact the data is “flashed” and not depending on a read and
write head.
– They do not have moving parts and do not suffer from potential break
downs.
– Lack of heat output from these devices.
– With a solid state drive running as a primary storage unit, the noise
factor drops considerably due to the lack of moving parts.
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 32
SSD cont.
• Cons
– Each memory ‘cell’ in an SSD can only be written
to a limited number of times.
– Fragments occur on the memory chips and a disk
defragmenter cannot be used on them at this
time.
• Taking the Good with the Bad
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 33
Keep an open mind.
• Look forward to more storage, in smaller
packages at faster speeds to come!
• Remember that since the 50’s, drive
technology has grown at more than 67% per
year!
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 34
References
1. http://www.pcworld.com/article/127105/tim
eline_50_years_of_hard_drives.html
2. http://www.pcworld.com/article/113638/har
d_drive_makers_plan_for_the_future.html
3. http://news.cnet.com/2100-1008_36108687.html
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 35
Removable Storage
Presented By David Juarez
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 36
History
•
•
•
•
Paper tape
Removable floppy disks
Magnet tape
Cassette
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 37
Present
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Laserdisc
Compact disc
DVD
Blu-ray
USB Flash drives
Memory cards
External hard drives
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 38
Future
• HVD
• Store 1 DVD on…
It would take approximately 90 million
punch cards to be able to store one 8.4GB
DVD, or 6,000 floppys, or 4,500 compact
cassettes ( it would only take 281 days to
restore the data, hehe) – or if we would
turn it the other way around, it would take
0.2% of a 3.9TB Holographic disc…
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 39
Future
• iPhone is 64GB, and we can expect to see an increase
of about 10x over the next five years.
• Molecular Memory
• MRAM Chips
• large increase in the availability of external or
removable storage with SD and microSD cards
increasing from 32GB today to over 300GB and
external hard drives increasing to 4 to 6TB (2.5” drives)
and over 10TB with 3.5” drives
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 40
References
• gadgets.com(2011) History of data storage :
http://gadgets.fosfor.se/history-of-datastorage/
• Walsh. Jason. (2011) Emerging Digital Storage
Devices of the Future:
http://www.articleclick.com/Article/EmergingDigital-Storage-Devices-of-the-Future/969646
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 41
Supercomputers
Presented By Jason Verges
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 42
History
Used for
•
•
•
Protein Folding Simulations
Weather Forecasting
Nuclear Simulations
First Supercomputer
•
•
•
•
CSC 409 Spring 2011
CDC 6600
Seymour Cray 1964
10 Mhz clock speed
Cost $7 million
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 43
Today’s Supercomputers
•
•
•
Clusters of off-the-shelf microprocessors
Single Instruction Multiple Data
Desktop Supercomputers - Past technology is available in
today’s desktops
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 44
Top Supercomputers
Site
National Supercomputing
Center in Tianjin
Computer
Tianhe-1A - NUDT TH MPP,
X5670 2.93Ghz 6C, NVIDIA
GPU, FT-1000 8C
Cores
Rmax
Power (kW)
186368
2566.00
4040.00
224162
1759.00
6950.60
120640
1271.00
2580.00
73278
1192.00
1398.61
China
NUDT 2010
DOE/SC/Oak Ridge
National Laboratory
Jaguar - Cray XT5-HE Opteron
6-core 2.6 GHz
United States
Cray Inc. 2009
National Supercomputing
Centre in Shenzhen (NSCS)
Nebulae - Dawning TC3600
Blade, Intel X5650, NVidia
Tesla C2050 GPU
China
Dawning 2010
GSIC Center, Tokyo
Institute of Technology
TSUBAME 2.0 - HP ProLiant
SL390s G7 Xeon 6C X5670,
Nvidia GPU, Linux/Windows
Japan
NEC/HP 2010
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 45
The Future…
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 46
The Future…
•
•
•
•
Blue Waters - Science
Watson - Medical Industry
CPU-GPU – Graphics
$126M in Federal Budget for
exascale supercomputing
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 47
References
1. http://www.cio.com.au/article/132504/brief_history_supercomputers/
2. http://online.wsj.com/article/BT-CO-20110216-719076.html
3. http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9206558/Obama_turns_attention_to_
supercomputing_
4. http://www.top500.org
5. http://www.futuretechnology500.com/index.php/future-computers/nanolaserson-silicon-chips-pave-pathway-to-supercomputers
6. http://www.cisl.ucar.edu/computers/gallery/cdc/6600.jsp
7. http://futuretechnologytrends.com/2010/08/05/future-exaflop-supercomputertechnology
8. http://news.cnet.com/8301-13924_3-20021232-64.html
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 48
Tablets/Laptops
Presented By Bridget Loftus
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 49
A Bit of Laptop History1
Component
2000
2002
2004
2006
2008
Hard Drive
6-20 GB
6-30 GB
40-80 GB
40-80 GB
80-320 GB
Type of HD
SSD 64GB
RAM
64-512 MB
256-1024 MB
256MB-1GB
512MB-2GB
2-4GB
Type of RAM
DDR
DDR
DDR
DDR/DDR2
DDR2/DDR3
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 50
Laptops Today2,3,4
Component
Dell (Inspiron)
Alienware
HP
Apple
RAM
4-6 GB DDR3
4-8 GB DDR3
2-4 GB DDR3
2-8GB DDR3
Hard Drive
320-640 GB
320GB-1.2 TB
256 GB SSD
250-640 GB
250-500 GB
128-512 GB SSD
Starting Price
$380-$900
$600-$2000
$380-$580
$999-$2299
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 51
Tablets
• Concept 5
– late 60s – early 70s
• 19936
– Apple’s Newton
MessagePad (PDA)
• 20007
– Microsoft’s first prototype
announced
• 2001
– Compaq prototype with
Windows OS
CSC 409 Spring 2011
"The Tablet is a PC that is virtually
without limits -- and within five years I
predict it will be the most popular form
of PC sold in America.“ – Bill Gates 2001
keynote speech from Comdex7
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 52
Tablets (Cont.)
• 2005
– ThinkPad X41 Tablet
• 2006
– Fujitsu LifeBook
T4215
• 2010
– iPad
– Dell Inspiron Duo2
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 53
The Future
• Laptop meets smartphone
• Tablets
– Competiton?
– Apple
• iPad 2
– Quad cores8
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 54
References
1. http://reviews.cnet.com/CNET_Archive/1710-50.html?tag=bc
2. www.dell.com
3. www.hp.com
4. www.apple.com
5. http://www.osnews.com/story/22739/A_Short_History_o
f_the_Tablet_Computer
6. https://www.msu.edu/~luckie/gallery/mp100.htm
7. http://www.pcworld.com/article/187062/microsofts_hist
ory_with_the_tablet_pc.html
8. http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9209860/Table
ts_to_be_supercharged_by_quad_core_chips?source=CT
WNLE_nlt_mobilew_2011-02-17
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 55
Microcomputers
Presented By Alex Cortez
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 56
History
• Central processing by single Microprocessor
• Distinguished from Super, Mainframe & Mini
• Commodore(1982), TI99 (1981),
IBM 5100 (1975), Apple II (1977)
• Altair 8800
– Sold as kit in 1975
– Intel 8080 Chip
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 57
Early Microcomputers
Type
Processor
Kit
Year
Micral
Intel 8008
NO
1972
Mark-8
Intel 8008
NO
1974
Altair 8800
Intel 8080
YES
1975
YES
1982
Commodore MOS
64
Technology
6510
CSC 409 Spring 2011
PIC
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 58
Current Generation
Microcomputer
Early Version
Manufactured
Recent version
Personal Computer
Micral
INRA - 1972
HP Compaq 8200- 2011
Notebook/Laptop
Epson HX-20
Epson -1981
Dell XPS 15 - 2010
Netbook
Asus Eee 700
Asus - 2007
Asus Eee 1018PB - 2010
Personal Digital
Assistant
Apple Newton
Apple - 1993
Dell Axium X51 - 2008
Smart Phone
Simon
IBM - 1993
Motorola Atrix 4G - 2011
E-Book Reader
SoftBook Reader
SoftBook - 1998
Amazon Kindle - 2010
Portable Media Player
Listen Up Player
Audio Highway 1997
Apple IPOD 4th
Generation - 2010
Video Game System
Odyssey
Magnavox - 1972
Nintendo Wii - 2006
Calculator
Sanyo ICC-0081
Sanyo
HP 30b Business
Professional - 2010
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 59
Current Generation (Cont.)
• iPhone 4
– Apple A4, 800 MHz.
– iOS 4.2.1
– 960 x 640 “Retina Display”
• Motorola Atrix 4G
– Dual Core, 1.0 GHz.
– Android 2.2 OS
– Laptop/Phone Dock
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
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The Future…
• Natural User Interface
– XBOX Kinect
– Mobile Technologies
– Desktop/Laptop
• Merging of Smart Phone and Laptop/Tablet
– Portable design meets Increased Processing
– Personal Computer replacement
• “Smarter” Smart Phones
– Location Awareness
– Cluster Processing
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 61
Microcomputer References
1. http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Microcomputer
2. http://inventors.about.com/library/blcoindex.htm
3. http://www.atarimagazines.com/creative/v9n3/101_
Epson_HX20_computer.php
4. http://www.newsweek.com/photo/2009/01/07/histo
ry-of-the-personal-digital-assistant.html
5. http://goodereader.com/blog/electronic-readers/abrief-history-of-ebooks/
6. http://memeburn.com/2011/02/the-future-ofsmartphones/
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 62
Conclusion/Questions
Hardware
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
Processors
Memory
Hard Drives
Removable storage
Supercomputers
Tablets/Laptops
Microcomputers
CSC 409 Spring 2011
Team: Competitive Advantage
Page 63