Safety and the Web Pornography Hate Stalking Pornography Definition o The explicit depiction or exhibition of sexual activity in literature, films or photography that is intended to stimulate erotic, rather than aesthetic or emotional feelings. Pornography Statistics o o o o o 27.5 million US visitors (72% men) to porn sites (Nielsen/NetRatings, 2002) “sex” = most popular search term (Alexa Research, 2001) 31% of kids 10-17 report having been to a porn site (NPR, 1999) 40.2% of kids visiting porn sites are girls (NetValue, 2000) 77% of convicted male child molesters and 87% of convocted girl child molesters reported being regular users of hard core porn (Federal Department of Justice,Canada, 1984) Pornography Why do children visit porn sites? o o o o Curiosity Accidental contact Availability Social pressure Hate Definition: o any language, symbols or acts that makes and individual or identifiable group feel threatened Criminal code: o o o it is a crime to publicly incite hatred against identifiable groups through words, gestures, signs or other visible representations it is a crime to advocate genocide – the deliberate attempt to destroy members of a particular group. Criteria = intention and commission Hate Statistics o o o o > 373,000 hate Web sites (Websence, 2001) Most common hate sites deal with racism, anti-semitism, and homophobia (Media Awareness, 2003) Hate sites use sophisticated persuasive techniques Teens are primary target of hate sites (Lee, 2002) Why is hate prevalent on the Web? Cheap Distributed Target marginalized groups Teaching kids safety on the Web Are critical appraisal strategies enough?