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DRUGS
Categories
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Stimulants
Depressants
Inhalants
Designer Drugs
Marijuana
Opiates
Hallucinogen
Over the Counter (OTC)
Prescription
Steroids
Stimulants
• A drug that increases the body’s activity
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Examples:
Caffeine
Cocaine (coke)
Crack
Methamphetamine (meth, Crystal)
Ritalin
Effects of Stimulants
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Increase of Heart Rate
Increase of Breathing
Awake, Alert
Increase chance of
Heart attack
• Decrease of appetite
• Meth Mouth
• SHORT and INTENSE
High
Caffeine
• Coffee, Chocolate, soda, energy drinks
Cocaine, Crack,
Methamphetamine
Marijuana
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Dried leaves of the Cannabis Plant
Popular
Distinct Odor
Medicinal Uses
THC Chemical/Drug
Length of THC in system
Depends on how often &
body fat
Slang Names
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Pot
Weed
Bud
Reefer
Mary Jane
Dope
Green
Effects Of Pot
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Either Stimulant or Depressant
Pleasure, giddy
Paranoia
Distortion of Time, distance
Decrease of coordination, concentration,
slow reaction time
• Increase in appetite
• Decrease of memory
• “spacey”
LONG TERM EFFECTS
• Similar to smoking
• Decrease in motivation/goals
• Decrease of memory (short term task)
Designer Drugs
and/or Club Drugs
• Produced by making a chemical change to
a drug that already exists
Types and Effects
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Ecstasy (MDMA) – synthetic
GHB
EFFECTS-unpredictable
Sleep problems,
Confusion, impaired,
Violent (?)
Date Rape
RAVE DRUGS
Long Lasting High
INHALENTS
• A Drug inhaled and absorbed through the
lungs
• Replaces Oxygen (fatal)
• “Huffing”, bagging, Dusting
• Red nose
• Easy access
Examples
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Glue
Nitrous Oxide
Cleaners
Gases
Paint Thinner
Computer
Cleaners
Spray paint
EFFECTS
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Short and Intense
Loss of Coordination
Difficulty Speaking/Thinking
Hallucinations
Dizzy
Headaches
Sudden Death
Hallucinogens
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“psychedelic drugs”
No medicinal purposes
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Acid-LSD
Mushrooms
PCP (angel dust)
Mesculine/peyote
Effects of hallucinogens
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High called a trip
Long lasting
Increase breathing, HR, body temp
Blurred vision
Hallucinate!!!!
Opiates
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Used for the treatment of pain
Induce sleep
Highly addictive
High tolerance
Intense withdrawal
Pills, injected, smoked
Type of Opiates
• Heroin- illegal
• Morphine- IV- hospitals
• Codeine, oxycontin, Percocet,
hydrocodone
• Methadone-used to treat during
withdrawals
Depressants
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Decrease activity in the body.
Used to treat anxiety
Muscle relaxation, Sleep disorders
Types:
Barbiturates
Valium, Xanax, Ambian
Effects of Depressents
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Decrease heart rate, breathing
Slurred speech
Sleepiness, relaxation
“less anxious”
Decrease in muscle control
Increased effects with alcohol
Caffeine
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Increase on alertness
Increase on HR
Increase on acid- in stomach/stomach ulcer
Increase urine
Increase insomnia
OD- irritability
Flushing of face
Anxiety
Muscle twitching
Withdrawals- headache
Energy Drinks
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Sugar
Caffeine
Ginseng, ephedrine, taurine, guarana
Caffeine levels Coca cola 40 mg
Pepsi 38 mg,
Drip coffee 120mg, espresso 100mg
Tea 40-60, Redbull 80mg
5 hour energy=200mg
Herbal Supplements
• FDA does not regulate the strength,
purity, or safety of herbs and supplements
• Diet supplements, contain stimulant type
ingredients
Steroids
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HGH- human growth hormone
Anabolic-Androgenic steroids- man made substances
Anabolic refers to muscle building
Androgenic refers to increase masculine characteristics
Legal by prescription- medicinal uses
Taken orally, injected. In cycles, or in combination with other
called stacking (combination)
Hazards- MEN shrinking of testicles, infertility, painful erections,
reduced sperm count, baldness, development of breasts
WOMEN growth of facial and body hair, deepened voice,
menstrual irregularities
YOUTH stunted growth
Other common hazards- with injection-contracting HIV, hepatitis,
acne, change in cholesterol level, mood swings, hostility,
aggressive behavior
Prescription
• Require a written order from a doctor
OTC
over the counter
• Obtained without prescription
• Usually to treat mild pain relief, suppress
cold/flu symptoms, etc
• Examples:
• Drug
Brand Name
• Acetaminophen
Tylenol
• Ibuprofen
Advil
• Naproxen Sodium
Aleve
Effects
• Follow directions
• Some act more quickly, some are slower
release, combination with other drugs
• Side Effects, dizzy, nausea, allergy
• Other examples; Contact, Sudafed, cough
syrups (cold Medicines)
• Dextromethorphan, pseudoephedrine