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Transcript
The Policy Dimension of Race in the
United States
We've seen formal policies passed that target
minorities in order to prevent them from
integrating
We've also seen recent policies that attempt
to rectify past and current discrimination
Race can influence almost any policy arena:
Foreign policy, Health Care, trade policyglobalization, we can probably find a
connection.
But LeMay identifies arguably the 6 most
important or contentious policy issues
What are they?
EDUCATION
EMPLOYMENT
HOUSING
IMMIGRATION
LAW ENFORCEMENT
POLITICAL PARTICIPATION
Education
What are the issues?
segregation; equal quality; graduation rates
What are the solutions?
school busing; magnet schools; affirmative
action; school choice
Employment
What are the issues?
Job discrimination; disparity in pay;
occupational niches
What are the solutions?
Civil law suits; affirmative action; educational
equality
Housing
What are the issues?
segregation; ghetoization; gentrification
What are the solutions?
fair housing act; make covenants illegal;
change federal loan practices, tax and public
housing policy; voucher system
Immigration
What are the issues?
Anti-immigrant sentiment; xenophobia;
underground labor markets; burden on state &
local services
What are the solutions?
Supply-side vs. Demand side policies; policies
that discourage immigration; A wall; change
constitutional definition of citizenship;
criminalization;
Law Enforcement
What are the issues?
profiling; high levels of incarceration and
victimization
What are the solutions?
drug laws; better trained police; policy
oversight; better education, job opportunities
Political Participation
What are the issues?
Barriers to turnout; racial gerrymandering;
descriptive representation
What are the solutions?
Abolish poll tax/literacy tests; same-day
registration; motor-voter; education; more
descriptive representation