* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
TERRORISM IN THE MIDDLE EAST Meaning & History There are many definitions of terrorism – hard to reach a consensus. This matters for policy makers, citizens, and the international community. From the 1960s until the late 1980s, the main motives for terrorism were political. The nature of terrorism changed overtime with more internationalization, the emergence of religious factors in the 1990s, and the growing acceptance of suicide. An Alarming Trend 1968-2006 Where It’s Happening How Big Is The Problem? Stats from 2005 Country Incidents Injuries Fatalities Afghanistan 207 328 298 India 272 1051 398 Iraq 2336 9399 6234 Nepal 100 104 33 Pakistan 163 398 160 Russia 102 113 51 West Bank/Gaza 479 302 74 Economic Costs Country Reduce Incidents per year from Gain in GDP (In millions - $ US) Egypt 5 to 4 221 India 5 to 4 1,132 France 18 to 17 1,161 Colombia 13 to 12 87 US 3 to 2 40,626 United Kingdom 18 to 17 828 World To ZERO for the year 3,600,000 Political Costs Tensions between the West and the Muslim world Human rights concerns Weakening of transparency, accountability, and democratic rules Ex. = Patriot Act – places limits on freedom Strengthening of authoritarian regimes Short-Term Solutions Containment w/ control measures both here & abroad Involve police, intelligence, & military Reduce tension between countries Open debate w/ experts Transparency & accountability within our own gov’t Medium & Long-Term Solutions Prevention Improve information gathering & analysis More diplomacy & foreign aid Better coordination & cooperation within the international community Involve other countries in our dealings with Iraq & Afghanistan UN should have more involvement Negotiate with and offer amnesty to some terrorists? Who Can Make a Difference?