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5 Themes of Geography
LOCATION
PLACE
HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT
INTERACTION
MOVEMENT
REGIONS
29
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LOCATION:
Absolute & Relative
PLACE:
Physical & Human
Characteristics –
What is it like?
HumanEnvironmental
Interaction:
How humans have
used and changed it
Movement:
The way people,
goods and ideas
travel from place to
place.
Region:
Common
characteristics like
physical or human
features.
Egypt & 5 Themes of Geography
LOCATION
PLACE
HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT
INTERACTION
MOVEMENT
REGIONS
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your
notebook!)
Egypt: Gift of the Nile
Reviewing the 5 Themes of Geography
LOCATION: Where is the Nile River?
Where is the continent of Africa?
LOCATION: Where is the modern
day country of Egypt?
LOCATION: Where is the Nile River?
Can you name the geographical features nearby?
LOCATION: Where is the Nile River?
LOCATION: Where is the Nile River?
PLACE: What is it like in Egypt and Nile?
PLACE: What is it like in Egypt and Nile?
PLACE: What is it like in Egypt and Nile?
The Nile makes up a very small
percentage of Egypt’s land area.
What is the rest of the land like?
PLACE: What is it like in Egypt and Nile?
PLACE: What is it like in Egypt and Nile?
HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION:
How have people changed & used the Nile River?
This night time
satellite photo
shows how crowded
the Nile River valley
and delta are.
What are some of
the human and
environmental
problems associated
with overcrowding?
HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION:
How have people changed & used the Nile River?
In addition to the
rivers and streams,
this map
demonstrates
where there are
irrigation canals.
How does this
demonstrate human
impact on the
environment?
HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT
INTERACTION:
How have people changed
& used the Nile River?
Reclamation Projects = ways of
reclaiming or reviving
water sources
Dry farming = new methods of farming
that require less water
How are humans changing the
environment to meet their needs?
HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION:
How have people changed & used the Nile River?
HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION:
How have people changed & used the Nile River?
The Black Land and the Red Land
The domains of Lower and Upper Egypt consisted of two parts, the Black Land and the Red Land.
The area next to the River Nile was called the Black Land, further away from the river was the Red Land.
The 'Black Lands' were the farming areas on the banks of the Nile. The 'Red Lands' were the desert areas.
Both were extremely important to the economy and civilization of ancient Egypt.
The Black Land: Where nearly all ancient Egyptians lived.
This was the only land in ancient Egypt that could be farmed because of the layer of rich,
black silt and alluvial soil that was deposited every year following the annual inundation (flooding)
of the Nile. The ancient Egyptians called the Nile river 'Ar or Aur' meaning “Black,”
in allusion to the color of the deposits carried by the river when it was in flood.
The Black Lands produced crops such as cereals, wheat and barley (for beer).
Other vital plants included: Flax which was used to make linen and rope and
Papyrus used to make paper, boats and maps. The Nile was also the source of a major
supply of food – fish.
The Red Land: Were virtually uninhabited. The red land protected Egypt on two sides
and separated ancient Egypt from neighboring countries and invading armies.
The Red Lands were rich in raw materials such as stone and precious metals such
as gold, silver and copper and semi-precious stones.
HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION:
How have people changed & used the Nile River?
How did ancient
Egyptians use or
change their
natural
environment?
MOVEMENT: How do goods & people move along the
Nile River?
Cataracts form just
south of Lake Nasser
in Nubia or Kush.
How does this impact
movement on the
Nile?
MOVEMENT: How do goods & people move along the
Nile River?
Cataracts form just south of Lake Nasser in
Nubia or Kush.
How does this impact movement on the Nile?
REGIONS: What human or physical features does
the Nile have in common with surrounding areas?
Sahara desert
REGIONS: What human or
physical features does
the Nile have in common
with surrounding areas?
Egypt is part of a
larger region of mostly
Arabic and Muslim
nations called the
Middle East.
REGIONS: What human or physical features does
the Nile have in common with surrounding areas?
How do the three
regions of Egypt
differ?
How are they similar?
(Kush)
REGIONS: What human or physical features does
the Nile have in common with surrounding areas?
Black Lands
& Red Lands
REGIONS: What human or physical features does
the Nile have in common with surrounding areas?
The Lower and Upper Egypt
kingdoms/regions were united by the
pharaoh Menes. “The hedjet or White
Crown for Upper Egypt and the
deshret or Red Crown for Lower
Egypt. Thus, the pharaohs were
known as the rulers of the Two Lands,
and wore the pschent, a double
crown, each half representing
sovereignty of one of the kingdoms”
(Wikipedia, “Upper and Lower Egypt”)
Pschent in
hieroglyphics
Crown of
Lower Egypt
(North)
Crown of
Upper Egypt
(South)
Crown of
United
Egypt
Egypt: Gift of the Nile
Do you see examples of the 5 Themes of Geography
in this photo?
Egypt & 5 Themes of Geography
LOCATION
PLACE
HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT
INTERACTION
MOVEMENT
REGIONS