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Chapter 19
The Geography and Early
Settlement of China
Ancient China Geography
Shang and Zhou Dynasties
How did geography affect life in ancient China?
China’s Geography
The Geography of Outer China
(Western and Northern China)
The Geography of Inner China
(Southeastern China)
Tibet-Qinghai Plateau
The Taklimakan Desert and The Gobi Desert
The Manchurian Plain
The North China Plain
The Chang Jiang Basins
Early Settlement in Ancient China and
Ancient China’s Isolation
Different Regions, Different Ways of Life
How did geography affect life in ancient China?
• Archaeologists have found remains of what may be the first inhabitants of
China. These hunter-gatherers lived in caves more than 500,000 years ago.
Later, farmers established the first permanent settlements on the North
China Plain, near the Huang He, or Yellow River. Harsh geography and vast
distances isolated these early inhabitants.
• Because of a lack of farmland, most settlers in Outer China were nomads
and herders. In Inner China, people farmed and raised animals in
permanent settlements. Farmers in Chang Jiang Basins grew rice.
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