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Andrew Clarke
DISL 2013
• Abalone are marine invertebrates in the phylum Mollusca, class Gastropoda.
• Abalone are members of the family Haliotidae, in which there is only one genus
• The number of species of abalone is speculative, and estimates are 58 to 74 species.
• Abalone inhabit the cool , coastal waters of the Eastern Atlantic ocean, the
Northeast Pacific ocean, the Northwest Pacific ocean, South Africa, Australia, New
Zealand, Australia, and Tasmania.
• The shell of abalones are oval, round, and shaped like an ear; hence the name ear shells and
sea ears.
• Abalone live in the rocky sub-littoral region near coast areas.
• Abalone shells can have 4 to 10 hole along the anterior margin of the shell.
• The life cycle of an abalone is 7 to 9 years, and when fully grown, they can weigh up to 14
• Abalone are spawn breeders, and depending on the species, 5 - 10 million eggs can be
released at once.
• During the daytime, abalone spend their time hiding in crevices .
• The nocturnal abalone comes out at night and feeds on algae and kelp.
Anatomy of an abalone
• The life cycle of an abalone.
• The foot muscle is the edible part on an abalone.
• Abalone is consumed throughout its distribution, and there are numerous way to prepare
the meat.
Abalone and Prawn dish
Abalone and Sea Cucumber
Braised Abalone
Grilled Abalone and Scallops
Chicken and Abalone soup
Abalone and Chinese greens
Greens Abalone and Mushrooms
• The abalone’s shell has a thin layer of nacre inside that is iridescent. The colors come from
the diet that abalones are feeding on .
• The abalone shell-known as mother of pearl- is not thrown away.
• Jewelry has been crafted from abalone shells by my different cultures: Russian abalone sp.
Abalone Bracelet
Abalone and Green Sea glass earrings
Abalone Bracelet
Sterling Silver and Abalone earrings
Abalone pendant
Sterling Silver and Abalone Stingray
Abalone Necklace
Most of the abalone consumed globally is raised by aquaculture.
About 85,ooo metric tonnes of abalone are cultured globally.
China cultures the majority of abalone on the planet.
Taiwan, Korea, and Japan are major producers of abalone .
Abalone are also grown in Australia, New Zealand, and California.
Abalone market prices are $5.00 - $10.00 a kilogram.
• An abalone’s diet consist of brown algae: Giant kelp, Bull kelp, Feather Boa kelp, and Elk kelp.
• Because of the nutritional demands of abalones, cultivating abalone can be difficult.
• Farm raised abalone don’t forage as much as wild abalone, so nutrition demands are crucial
to growth and development.
• Modern food formulation methods used by companies such as Fishtech are improving the
food conversion rates for cultured abalone.
• Abalone grow best in cooler (2-30° C), clean, nutrient rich water.
• When all of the conditions at an abalone are met, cultured abalone productivity can be very
Advantages of Growing Abalone
• Abalone are filter feeders and herbivores.
• Once they grow to a certain size, predation become less a factor.
• Abalone is consumed globally, so find a market is not difficult.
• The shells can be sold to jewelry makers.
• Abalone can be prepared in a variety of dishes, and they are very palatable.
Disadvantages of Growing Abalone
• Because their diet is composed of kelp, abalone have special nutritional requirements.
• Abalone need cooler water than most farm raised organisms.
• Abalone growth rate is very slow.
• In the United States, wild stock harvesting can only be done without the aid scuba
• Most species of abalone are endangered.
• In America, only one species of abalone can be cultivated for consumption: Red Abalone