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The Crusades A Crusade for Points By 1095, the Seljuks (a Muslim group) were close to taking over Constantinople. The Byzantine Emperor does not have a strong Army? He needs help. Who do you think he asked for help? Give your self a point if you said the Pope. The Byzantine Emperor asked Pope Urban II for help. The pope and church leaders met and decided to help Constantinople. They decide to send soldiers on a “Crusade” to drive the Muslims back and to take back Jerusalem. Pope Urban II gave a speech to encourage knights, nobles and serfs to join the Crusade. Why do you think many agreed to go on the Crusade (up to 4 points possible)? Give your self a point if you said: The Pope promised entry to Heaven a point if you said: People joined for adventure. a point if you said: Some joined to get land. a point if you said: Some joined to make money trading Four nobles led the first Crusaders. About 30,000 crusaders successfully took land in Syria and then surrounded Jerusalem. After the Crusaders climbed the city walls, the people of Jerusalem surrendered. What do you think happened to many of the Muslim and Jewish citizens of Jerusalem? Give your self two points if you said they were killed or sold into slavery Most Crusaders went home, but some stayed and set up four crusader kingdoms. The First Crusade was successful for the Crusaders because the Muslims were not well organized. Later, Saladin becomes the general for the Muslims. He is a strong leader. Do you think Saladin was able to win back Jerusalem for the Muslims? Give your self one point for saying YES Saladin won Jerusalem back. New Groups of Crusaders set out to take back Jerusalem. In 1212 tens of thousands of children set out on a “Children’s Crusade.” Out of the Tens of Thousands of Children who set out about how many do you think made it to Jerusalem? Give your self one point if you said 0. What do you think happened to them? Give your self one point each if you said they were sold into slavery, returned home or probably died. None of the later Crusades are successful in taking Jerusalem back from the Muslims. In 1204 the city of Constantinople was sacked. Think about what religion the city of Constantinople practiced and who they asked for help when they were threatened by the Muslims. Who do you think sacked Constantinople, Christians or Muslims? Explain. Give your self a point if you said the Christian Crusaders. Give yourself 5 points if you said that the Crusaders saw things that they did not have because they were coming from Western Europe in the Middle Ages. They decided to steal goods from Constantinople. We know that the Crusades were not successful for the Christians in retaking Jerusalem. Do you think the Crusades weakened or strengthened the Pope? Why? Give your self one point if you said weakened. Give yourself three points if you said He started the Crusades with his speech. The Crusades were not a success for the Christians. Many nobles (but few kings) left to fight in the Crusades. When the Crusades are over, who do you think will have more power, nobles or monarchs? Give your self a point if you said monarchs. This will help end feudalism. The Crusades have a big impact on trade. Do you think the Crusades will increase or decrease trading? Explain. Give your self a point if you increase trade. Give yourself 5 points if you explained the Crusaders left their manors and saw that the Byzantine and Islamic Empires had stuff that they didn’t have and that they wanted that stuff. How do you think the Crusades impacted feelings between Christians and Muslims and Jews? Explain. Give your self a point if you said the Crusades caused bitterness and angry feelings. Give yourself five points if you said the Christian Crusaders killed Muslims and Jews when they took Jerusalem or the Crusades pitted one religious group against others. The Crusades started with a plea for help from the Byzantine Empire. Was it a wise decision to ask for help? Did the Crusades strengthen or weaken the Byzantine Empire? Explain. Give your self a point you said the Crusades weakened the Byzantine Empire. Give yourself three points if you said the Crusaders sacked Constantinople.