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Transcript
Unit 5 Slideshow
Quiz
Write down your answers and see how many you
get right (or wrong)
Grade Yourself: Each Question is Worth 3 pts
Answer Key at the end is split into units, decide
which you need the most study time with from this!
1. You are using a compound
microscope to look at some cells, and
you notice that all of the cells have a
nucleus. You decide that all of the
cells are what kind?
• A. plant cells
• B. eukaryotic cells
• C. animal cells
• D. prokaryotic cells
2. Prokaryotes do not have which of
the following?
• A. any cytoplasm
• B. a cell membrane
• C. a nucleus
• D. any genetic material
3. Which of the following is an
example of a prokaryote?
• A. a plant
• B. an animal
• C. a fungus
• D. bacteria
4. Which of the following is NOT a
function of nucleus?
• A. stores DNA
• B. controls most of the cell’s processes
• C. contains the information needed to
make proteins
• D. transports materials throughout the
cell
5. What is the function of a cell wall?
• A. to support and protect the cell
• B. to make and store DNA
• C. to direct the activities of the cell
• D. to help the cell move
6. What part of the cell contains the
cell’s genetic material and controls its
activities?
• A. lysosome
• B. nucleus
• C. cell envelope
• D. endoplasmic reticulum
7. Which of the following is a function
of the cytoskeleton?
• A. helps a cell keep its shape
• B. contains DNA
• C. surrounds the cell
• D. transports proteins and lipids
8. Coded instructions from the
nucleus are used by what organelle to
make proteins?
• A. Golgi apparatus
• B. endoplasmic reticulum
• C. vacuole
• D. ribosome
9. Food is converted into compounds
that the cell uses for growth,
development, and movement by
which organelle?
• A. chloroplast
• B. ribosome
• C. endoplasmic reticulum
• D. mitochondrion
10. Which of the following cell
organelles form peptide bonds
between amino acids?
• A. mitochondria
• B. ribosomes
• C. Golgi apparatus
• D. vacuole
11. Which organelle provides the cell
with a boundary from its environment?
• A. endoplasmic reticulum
• B. cell membrane
• C. chloroplasts
• D. channel proteins
12. Which of the following would you
find in plant cells but not animal cells?
• A. mitochondria
• B. ribosomes
• C. chloroplasts
• D. endoplasmic reticulum
13. Proteins are transported to other
parts of the cell by using which
organelle?
• A. mitochondrion
• B. ribosome
• C. nucleus
• D. endoplasmic reticulum
14. Pepsin is an enzyme produced by
stomach cells to help digest protein.
Stomach cells package and secrete
pepsin in which of the following
organelles?
• A. mitochondria
• B. Golgi apparatus
• C. vacuoles
• D. ribosomes
15. When does diffusion occur across
a cell membrane?
• A. when the concentration of particles is
different on each side of the membrane
• B. when the concentration of particles is
equal on each side of the membrane
• C. when there are no particles on either
side of the membrane
• D. when water moves across the
membrane
16. Which of the following is a
requirement for diffusion to take
place?
• A. a transport protein
• B. a concentration gradient
• C. a transport carbohydrate
• D. a carrier molecule
17. Water will move out of a cell when
it is placed in which type of solution?
• A. hypotonic
• B. hypertonic
• C. ergonomic
• D. isotonic
18. Mary Beth decided to practice her
dance routine for an hour after she got
home from school. Which of the following
is NOT an example of her body
maintaining homeostasis?
• A. perspiring
• B. getting thirsty
• C. breathing faster
• D. keeping rhythm
19. Why would an animal cell burst if
it is surrounded by fresh water?
• A. because solutes will move out of the
cell
• B. because water will move out of the
cel
• C. because solutes will move into the
cell
• D. because water will move into the cell
20. Which of the following substances
will MOST easily travel across a cell
membrane?
• A. glucose molecules
• B. water molecules
• C. sodium ions
• D. hormones
21. Structures in a cell membrane that
help particles move into and out of a
cell during active transport are made
of what?
• A. phospholipids
• B. carbohydrates
• C. protein
• D. chromosomes
22. The gill cells of a saltwater fish use
active transport to move sodium ions out
of the cells. The gill cells MOST likely use
which of the following to remove sodium
ions against the concentration gradient?
• A. a phospholipid molecule
• B. a water molecule
• C. a chromosome
• D. a transport protein
23. For which of the following reasons
would a cell use the process of
exocytosis?
• A. to bring a food molecule into the cell
• B. to excrete a hormone out of the cell
• C. to diffuse oxygen through a cell
membrane
• D. to bring water into a cell
24. What are the two main stages of
cell division called?
• A. cytokinesis and mitosis
• B. mitosis and the S phase
• C. interphase and cytokinesis
• D. mitosis and interphase
25. Which of the following is NOT a
correct statement about the cell
cycle?
• A. cell division ends with cytokinesis
• B. cell growth occurs during the G2
phase
• C. interphase is usually the shortest
phase
• D. during the S phase, DNA replicates
26. What happens during interphase?
• A. spindle fibers begin to form
• B. centromeres divide
• C. centrioles divide
• D. the cell grows
27. Which of the following is a correct
description of the cell cycle?
• A. the time between the birth and the
death of a cell
• B. a series of events that cells go
through as they grow and divide
• C. the time needed for one cell to
undergo mitosis
• D. the time from prophase until
cytokinesis
28. Chromosomes are only visible
during what part of the cell cycle?
• A. during the G1 phase
• B. during interphase
• C. during mitosis
• D. when they are being replicated
29. Which of the following happens
when a cell divides by mitosis?
• A. the cell has difficulty getting enough
oxygen and nutrients
• B. each new daughter cell receives a
copy of the parent cell’s DNA
• C. the cell’s volume increases
• D. each new daughter cell has double
the amount of DNA as the parent cell
30. Prophase occurs during which
stage of the cell cycle?
• A. interphase
• B. cytokinesis
• C. mitosis
• D. G1
• 1. B
• 2. C Answer Key
• 3. D
• 4. D
• 5. A
• 6. B
• 7. A
• 8. D
• 9. D
• 10. B
• Numbers
15- 23 (Cell Transport)
Answer Key
• 15. A
• 16. B
• 17. B
• 18. D
• 19. D
• 20. B
• 21. C
• 22. D
Answer
Key
• Numbers 24 - 30 (Mitosis and Cell
Cycle)
• 24. C
• 25. C
• 26. D
• 27. B
• 28. C
• 29. B
• 30. C