Download Early Civilizations: Monotheism, Trade, & Writing Unit 1, SSWH c, d

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Monotheism, Trade,
& Writing
Unit 1, SSWH 1 c, d, and e
SSWH 1 c, d, & e
Explain the development of monotheism;
include the concepts developed by the
ancient Hebrews, and Zoroastrianism.
Describe early trading networks in the Eastern
Mediterranean; include the impact
Phoenicians had on the Mediterranean World.
Explain the development and importance of
writing; include cuneiform, hieroglyphics, and
the Phoenician alphabet.
What were the origins
and structures of
Mediterranean
societies?
Monotheism: Belief in 1 god
• Founder of Judaism: Abraham
• Key Beliefs
Hebrews: worshipped Yahweh
(God) Monotheism
Created a covenant (promise)
Exodus from slavery (Egypt)
• Sacred Writings
10 Commandments (rules that
regulate behavior, influenced laws)
Torah: Jewish sacred writings
p.57-61
• Impact on Society
Ethical Monotheism—moral
system of belief that established
norms within society
Zoroastrianism
• Founder: Zoroaster p. 42
• Worship Ahura Mazda
• Earth is a battle ground,
fight between good & bad
• Judged on how well you fought (all
fight)
• Believe in good & bad, afterlife –
similar to Christianity, Judaism, & Islam
Trade Spreads Culture
• Mediterranean trade connected
people from all over (sea & land
routes)
• Minoans “Good Sailors” – lived on
Crete, loved the outdoors p. 114-115
• Traded pottery, weapons, metal, art,
architecture, & figurines
• Influenced Greece & Rome
• Phoenicians “Best Sailors” –
no country, lived all over
(created cities where they
traded)
st
• 1 people to sail
out of Med. Sea
• Greatest Legacy: Phonetic
Alphabet/Symbols p. 34
Writing
• Pre-history: time period before the
invention of writing
• Pictures: 1st type of writing
• Invented to keep records
(Mesopotamia)
• Cuneiform, Hieroglyphics, &
Phonetic Symbols – early forms of
writing p.33,34,54
CUNEIFOR HIEROGYL
M- 20
PHICS - 40
WHERE
WRITING
MATERIALS
WHY
WRITE
HOW DID
IT LOOK?
PHOENICIAN
ALPHABET 74
CUNEIFORM HIEROGLYP PHOENICIA
HICS
N
ALPHABET
WHERE MESOPOT
AMIA
EGYPT
ALL OVER
PAPYRUS
PAPYRUS
WHY
KEEP
RECORDS
KEEP
RECORDS
KEEP
RECORDS
HOW DID
SYMBOLS –
WEDGE SHAPED
PICTURES
REPRESENTED
SYMBOLS
REPRESENTED
CLAY
WRITING TABLETS &
MATERIALS REEDS
Burning Question
Write down one question you
have about today’s lesson.
You have one minute.
Be prepared to share.