The sky Our place in space Constellations Measurement Celestial Sphere Polaris and precession $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $600 $600 $600 $600 $600 $600 $800 $800 $800 $800 $800 $800 $1000 $1000 $1000 $1000 $1000 $1000 $200 About 3000 About how many stars are visible on a clear dark night with just your eyes? $400 polaris Which star moves less than any other star in the night sky be specific.. $600 1 hour You have been sitting out watching the star and you notice that the star you are watching has moved about 15 degrees, how long have you been watching? $800 Denab, Altair and Vega What are the three stars in the summer triangle $1000 In Taurus When the sun rises it is located in the constellation Taurus, what constellation will it set in? $200 23.5 degrees What is the tilt of the earth on its axis? $400 year The time it takes for Earth to complete an orbit around the Sun is called a $600 Universe, Local Group, Milky Way and Solar System Put the following in order from largest to smallest: Milky Way, Local group, solar system and Universe $800 We are not in the center of our solar system, which is not in the center of the Milky Way and we are just one of a billion galaxies in the universe. Earth is made of common elements found throughout the universe. Why is Earth considered ordinary as a planet? $1000 100 billion stars The Milky Way Contains which of the following: 100,000 stars 100 million stars 100 Billion stars $200 constellations Groups of stars making an apparent pattern in the celestial sphere are called $400 Brightest star In general, what is true of the alpha star in a constellation $600 Pisces If your astrological sign is Aries according to tradition, what constellation is the sun actually in on your date of birth? $800 The sun appears to move Eastward about 1 degree per day which makes it appear in a new zodiac constellation each month. What happens to signs of the zodiac as Earth revolves around the sun? $1000 88 Into how many constellations is the celestial sphere divided by the IAU? $200 26,000 Years How long is the Precession cycle $400 -90 degrees The celestial pole is located at what declination? $600 0 degrees The equator is at what declination? $800 Light minutes or seconds The solar system would be measured in terms of light _______ $1000 3600 How many arc seconds are in a degree? $200 Celestial sphere Astronomical objects are viewed against the background of the _? $400 North Pole Where on Earth are you if Polaris is at your Zenith $600 +90 to -90 degrees What is the range of values for declination? $800 0 hours to 23 hours What is the range of values for Right Ascension $1000 North and South poles are North and south Celestial poles, Equator is the Celestial equator, longitude is Right Ascension, Latitude is declination Prime meridian is Vernal equinox. Compare the terms in our terrestrial sphere to the celestial sphere. $200 Precision shifting the celestial pole Polaris will not always be in the night sky due to $400 North Pole Where on Earth would you be if Polaris was at your Zenith $600 Circumpolar constellations These constellations circle around the North Star, are always visible and never go below the horizon. $800 Polaris lies next to the Celestial pole, so as the Earth rotates on its axis daily, the stars appear to revolve around the north celestial pole Why does Polaris appear to move the least of any object in the sky? $1000 43 degrees If Seattle is at 43 degrees north Latitude, where is Polaris in the sky?