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The 5 Regions of Georgia!
By: Dr. B. E. Williams, NBCT
Coastal Plains
• Vegetation – soil is not fertile. It consist of
sand and clay. Areas are poorly drained and
swampy. Only pine trees and brush can survive
in this region.
• Climate - hot summers/ mild winters
• Agriculture – turpentine. The land is used for
pasture.
Coastal Plains 2
• Industry – pecans, paper, pulp, peaches
• Natural resources – groundwater, timber
• Major towns and cities – Albany, Savannah,
Macon, Columbus, Augusta, Fort Valley,
Valdosta
Coastal Plains 3
• Tourist attractions – Okefenokee National
Wildlife Refuge, Reed Bingham State Park, and
the Colquitt County Arts Center.
• Rivers – Satilla, Canoochee, Ohoopee, Brier,
Altamaha, Ocmulgee
• Lakes – Lake Blackshear, Lake Walter George,
Lake Seminole
Piedmont
• Vegetation- oak, hickory, pine forests and
mixed deciduous forests. Short–leaf pine,
and loblolly pine. Sweet gum, beach, red
maple, elms, and birches.
• Climate- hot summers/ mild winters
• Agriculture- cotton, soybeans, and wheat.
Piedmont 2
• Industry- granite, textiles, farming, poultry.
• Natural Resources- surface water- reservoirs,
streams, rivers, etc.
• Major Towns and Cities- Atlanta, Marietta,
Roswell, Athens, East Point.
Piedmont 3
• Tourist Attractions- Six Flags, White Water, Stone
Mountain, Georgia Aquarium, Zoo Atlanta.
• Rivers- Chattahooche, Yellow River, Ogeechee River,
Apalachee River, Flint River.
• Lakes- Lake Oconee, Lake Jackson, Lake Sulieffe, Lake
Sinclair.
Blue Ridge
• Vegetation – oak and hickory
• Climate – mild summers/ cold winters. There
are great amounts of rainfall.
• Agriculture – apples, corn, and other
vegetables. The growing season varies from 210
days and 180 days depending on where you are
in the region.
Blue Ridge 2
• Industry – marble, gold coins
• Natural resources – surface water, hardwood
timber, marble
• Major towns and cities – Clayton, Brass town
Bald, Dahlonega, Blue Ridge
Blue Ridge 3
• Tourist attractions – Brass Town Bald,
Springer Mountain (it is the beginning of
the App. Trail), panning for gold
• Rivers – Nottely River, Tugaloo River,
Hestatee River
• Lakes – Lake Nottely, Lake Blue Ridge,
Lake Lanier, Lake Chatuge
Ridge and Valley
• Vegetation- the sandstone ridges are forest-covered. Plant species
very from area to area, based on local soil type, elevation, moisture,
and disturbances.
• Climate- mild summers/mild winters
• Agriculture- Valley floors are used for farming and pasture. Has an
average growing season of 210 to 220 days. Corn, soybeans,
wheat, cotton, and other crops, are grown in this area. Much of the
land is used for harvesting hardwood and pine timber.
Ridge and Valley 2
• Industry- textiles, carpets (Dalton is the carpet capital of
the world).
• Natural Resources- surface water, different sedimentary
deposits.
• Tourist Attractions- Chickamaugu Valley, Amuchee
Ridges, and the Great Valley.
Ridge and Valley 3
• Rivers- Conasaugu River, Coosawottee River,
Oostanaula River.
• Lakes- Lake Allatoona, Carters Lake
• Major Towns and Cities- Dalton, Rome,
Ringgold, Chatsworth.
Appalachian Plateau
• Vegetation – Oak forests cover most of the province. Forests
on north side include basswood, sugar maple, tulip poplar, beech,
birch, and hemlock. The under story may include rhododendrons,
native azaleas, and mountain laurel.
• Climate – mild summers/mild winters
• Agriculture – Land is primarily used for hardwood forest and
pasture, although a small amount of corn and soybeans is grown
here.
Appalachian Plateau 2
• Industry – coal industries
• Natural resources – surface water, timber,
coal
• Major Cities and Towns – La Fayette,
Trenton, Fort Oglethorpe
Appalachian Plateau 3
• Tourist attractions – Cumberland Plateau :
Sand Mountain and Lookout Mountain. East of
Lookout Mountain is the thumb-like Pigeon
Mountain.
• Rivers – Chattooga River
• Lakes - none