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Einführung in Linux/UNIX –
Anhang
Wulf Alex
2008
Karlsruhe
Copyright 2000–2008 by Wulf Alex, Karlsruhe
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of
the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the
Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no BackCover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Free Documentation
License on page 340.
Ausgabedatum: 18. November 2008.
Email:
alex-weingarten@t-online.de
Dies ist ein Skriptum. Es ist unvollständig und enthält Fehler.
Geschützte Namen wie UNIX oder PostScript sind nicht gekennzeichnet.
Geschrieben mit dem Texteditor vi, formatiert mit LATEX unter Debian GNU/Linux.
Die Skripten liegen unter folgenden URLs zum Herunterladen bereit:
http://www.alex-weingarten.de/skripten/
http://www.abklex.de/skripten/
Besuchen Sie auch die Seiten zu meinen Büchern:
http://www.alex-weingarten.de/debian/
http://www.abklex.de/debian/
Von dem Skriptum gibt es neben der Normalausgabe eine Ausgabe in kleinerer Schrift (9
Punkte), in großer Schrift (14 Punkte) sowie eine Textausgabe für Leseprogramme (Screenreader).
There is an old system called UNIX,
suspected by many to do nix,
but in fact it does more
than all systems before,
and comprises astonishing uniques.
Vorwort
Die Skripten richten sich an Leser mit wenigen Vorkenntnissen in der Elektronischen
Datenverarbeitung; sie sollen – wie F RITZ R EUTERS Urgeschicht von Meckelnborg – ok för
Schaulkinner tau bruken sin. Für die wissenschaftliche Welt zitiere ich aus dem Vorwort zu
einem Buch des Mathematikers R ICHARD C OURANT: Das Buch wendet sich an einen weiten
Kreis: an Schüler und Lehrer, an Anfänger und Gelehrte, an Philosophen und Ingenieure. Das
Lernziel ist eine Vertrautheit mit Betriebssystemen der Gattung UNIX einschließlich Linux,
der Programmiersprache C/C++ und dem weltumspannenden Internet, die so weit reicht,
dass der Leser mit der Praxis beginnen und sich selbständig weiterbilden kann. Ausgelernt
hat man nie.
Zusammen bildeten die Skripten die Grundlage für das Buch UNIX. C und Internet, im
Jahr 1999 in zweiter Auflage im Springer-Verlag erschienen (ISBN 3-540-65429-1). Das Buch
ist vergriffen und wird auch nicht weiter gepflegt, da ich mich auf Debian GNU/Linux konzentriere. Meine Debian-Bücher (ISBN 3-540-43267-1 und 3-540-23786-0) sind ebenfalls bei
Springer erschienen, aber nicht im Netz veröffentlicht. Die Skripten dagegen bleiben weiterhin im Netz verfügbar und werden bei Gelegenheit immer wieder überarbeitet.
Warum ein Linux/UNIX? Die Betriebssysteme der Gattung UNIX laufen auf einer Vielzahl von Computertypen. Unter den verbreiteten Betriebssystemen sind sie die ältesten und
ausgereift. Die UNIXe haben sich lange ohne kommerzielle Einflüsse entwickelt und tun das
teilweise heute noch, siehe Linux, FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD und andere. Programmierer,
nicht das Marketing, haben die Ziele gesetzt. Die UNIXe haben von Anfang an gemischte
Hardware und die Zusammenarbeit mehrerer Benutzer unterstützt. In Verbindung mit dem
X Window System, einem netzfähigen Fenstersystem, sind die UNIXe unter den Betriebssystemen mittlerer Größe die leistungsfähigsten. Linux/UNIX-Rechner waren von Anbeginn im
Internet dabei und haben seine Entwicklung bestimmt.
Warum C/C++? Die universelle Programmiersprache C mit ihrer mächtigen Erweiterung
C++ ist – im Vergleich zu BASIC etwa – ziemlich einheitlich. Der Anfang ist leicht, an die
Grenzen stoßen wenige Benutzer. Das Zusammenspiel zwischen C/C++-Programmen und Linux/UNIX funktioniert reibungslos.
Warum das Internet? Das Internet ist das größte Computernetz dieser Erde, ein Zusammenschluss vieler regionaler Netze. Ursprünglich auf Hochschulen und Behörden beschränkt, sind mittlerweile auch Industrie, Handel und Privatpersonen beteiligt. Unser berufliches Leben und zunehmend unser privates Dasein werden vom Internet berührt. Eine
Email-Anschrift ist so wichtig geworden wie ein Telefonanschluss. Als Informationsquelle ist
das Netz unentbehrlich.
Bei der Stoffauswahl habe ich mich von meiner Arbeit als Benutzer, Verwalter und Programmierer leiten lassen. Besonderer Wert wird auf die Erläuterung der zahlreichen Fachbegriffe gelegt, die dem Anfänger das Leben erschweren. Die typische Frage, vor der auch ich
immer wieder stehe, lautet: Was ist XYZ und wozu kann man es gebrauchen? Hinsichtlich
vieler Einzelheiten verweise ich auf die Referenz-Handbücher zu den Rechenanlagen und
Programmiersprachen oder auf Monografien, um den Text nicht über die Maßen aufzublähen; er ist ein Kompromiss aus Breite und Tiefe. Alles über UNIX, C und das Internet ist
kein Buch, sondern ein Bücherschrank.
An einigen Stellen gehe ich außer auf das Wie auch auf das Warum ein. Von Zeit zu
Zeit sollte man den Blick weg von den Wellen auf das Meer richten, sonst erwirbt man nur
kurzlebiges Wissen.
Man kann den Gebrauch eines Betriebssystems, einer Programmiersprache oder der
iii
iv
Netzdienste nicht allein aus Büchern erlernen – das ist wie beim Klavierspielen oder Kuchenbacken. Die Beispiele und Übungen wurden auf einer Hewlett-Packard 9000/712 unter HP-UX 10.20 und einem PC der Marke Weingartener Katzenberg Auslese unter Debian
GNU/Linux entwickelt. Als Shell wurden Bourne-Abkömmlinge bevorzugt, als Compiler wurde neben dem von Hewlett-Packard der GNU gcc verwendet. Die vollständigen Quellen der
Beispiele stehen im Netz.
Dem Text liegen eigene Erfahrungen aus fünf Jahrzehnten zugrunde. Seine Wurzeln gehen zurück auf eine Erste Hilfe für Benutzer der Hewlett-Packard 9000 Modell 550 unter HPUX, im Jahr 1986 aus zwanzig Aktenordnern destilliert, die die Maschine begleiteten. Gegenwärtig verschiebt sich der Schwerpunkt in Richtung Debian GNU/Linux. Ich habe auch
fremde Hilfe beansprucht und danke Kollegen in den Universitäten Karlsruhe und Lyon
sowie Mitarbeitern der Firmen IBM und Hewlett-Packard für schriftliche Unterlagen und
mündlichen Rat sowie zahlreichen Studenten für Anregungen und Diskussionen. Darüber
hinaus habe ich fleißig das Internet angezapft und viele dort umlaufende Guides, Primers,
HOWTOs, Tutorials und Sammlungen von Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) verwendet.
Weingarten (Baden), 15. Februar 2006
Wulf Alex
Inhalt
A Zahlensysteme
2
B Zeichensätze und Sondertasten
B.1 EBCDIC, ASCII, Roman8, IBM-PC
B.2 German-ASCII . . . . . . . . . . . .
B.3 ASCII-Steuerzeichen . . . . . . . .
B.4 Latin-1 (ISO 8859-1) . . . . . . . . .
B.5 Latin-2 (ISO 8859-2) . . . . . . . . .
B.6 HTML-Entities . . . . . . . . . . . .
B.7 Sondertasten . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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7
7
11
12
13
17
19
20
C Typografische Maße
C.1 Papierformate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C.2 Schriftgrößen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22
22
22
D Farben
D.1 RGB-Farbwerte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D.2 X11-Farben . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D.3 HTML-Farben . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
23
23
23
23
E Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
25
F Die wichtigsten UNIX-Kommandos
28
G Vergleich UNIX – DOS-Kommandos
33
H Besondere UNIX-Kommandos
H.1 vi(1) . . . . . . . . . . . .
H.2 emacs(1) . . . . . . . . . .
H.3 joe(1) . . . . . . . . . . . .
H.4 Drucken . . . . . . . . . .
H.5 ftp(1) . . . . . . . . . . . .
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34
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35
UNIX-Dateisystem
I.1
Zugriffsrechte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I.2
Kennungen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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J UNIX-Systemaufrufe
46
K UNIX-Signale
48
L Videomodi des Linux-Kerns
49
M C-Lexikon
M.1 Schlüsselwörter . . . . . .
M.2 Operatoren . . . . . . . . .
M.3 Standardfunktionen . . . .
M.4 printf(3), scanf(3) . . . . .
M.5 Include-Dateien . . . . . .
M.6 Präprozessor-Anweisungen
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N Slang im Netz
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50
50
52
53
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v
INHALT
1
O Beispiele LaTeX
O.1 Textbeispiel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
O.2 Gelatexte Formeln . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
O.3 Formeln im Quelltext . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
64
64
67
70
P Spezielle Sprachen
P.1
Hayes-Modem-Kommandos
75
75
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Q ISO 3166 Ländercodes
R Requests For Comment (RFCs)
R.1 Ausgewählte RFCs, ohne FYIs
R.2 1.-April-RFCs . . . . . . . . . .
R.3 Alle FYIs . . . . . . . . . . . .
R.4 Alle BCPs . . . . . . . . . . . .
77
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79
79
83
85
86
S Internet-Protokolle
89
T Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
91
U Abkürzungen aus Informatik und Telekommunikation
93
V Karlsruher Test
328
W GNU Lizenzen
336
W.1 GNU General Public License . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336
W.2 GNU Free Documentation License . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 340
X Zeittafel
347
... aber die Daten fehlen, um den ganzen
Nonsens richtig zu überblicken –
Benn, Drei alte Männer
A
Zahlensysteme
Außer dem Dezimalsystem sind das Dual-, das Oktal- und das Hexadezimalsystem
gebräuchlich. Ferner spielt das Binär codierte Dezimalsystem (BCD) bei manchen Anwendungen eine Rolle. Bei diesem sind die einzelnen Dezimalstellen für sich dual dargestellt. Die folgende Tabelle enthält die Werte von 0 bis dezimal 255. Bequemlichkeitshalber
sind auch die zugeordneten ASCII-Zeichen aufgeführt.
dezimal
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
dual
0
1
10
11
100
101
110
111
1000
1001
1010
101
1100
1101
1110
1111
10000
10001
10010
10011
10100
10101
10110
10111
11000
11001
11010
11011
11100
11101
11110
11111
100000
100001
100010
100011
100100
100101
100110
100111
oktal
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
hex
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
a
b
c
d
e
f
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
1a
1b
1c
1d
1e
1f
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
2
BCD
0
1
10
11
100
101
110
111
1000
1001
1.0
1.1
1.10
1.11
1.100
1.101
1.110
1.111
1.1000
1.1001
10.0
10.1
10.10
10.11
10.100
10.101
10.110
10.111
10.1000
10.1001
11.0
11.1
11.10
11.11
11.100
11.101
11.110
11.111
11.1000
11.1001
ASCII
nul
soh
stx
etx
eot
enq
ack
bel
bs
ht
lf
vt
ff
cr
so
si
dle
dc1
dc2
dc3
dc4
nak
syn
etb
can
em
sub
esc
fs
gs
rs
us
space
!
”
#
$
%
&
’
3
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
101000
101001
101010
101011
101100
101101
101110
101111
110000
110001
110010
110011
110100
110101
110110
110111
111000
111001
111010
111011
111100
111101
111110
111111
1000000
1000001
1000010
1000011
1000100
1000101
1000110
1000111
1001000
1001001
1001010
1001011
1001100
1001101
1001110
1001111
1010000
1010001
1010010
1010011
1010100
1010101
1010110
1010111
1011000
1011001
1011010
1011011
1011100
1011101
1011110
1011111
1100000
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
140
28
29
2a
2b
2c
2d
2e
2f
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
3a
3b
3c
3d
3e
3f
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
4a
4b
4c
4d
4e
4f
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
5a
5b
5c
5d
5e
5f
60
100.0
100.1
100.10
100.11
100.100
100.101
100.110
100.111
100.1000
100.1001
101.0
101.1
101.10
101.11
101.100
101.101
101.110
101.111
101.1000
101.1001
110.0
110.1
110.10
110.11
110.100
110.101
110.110
110.111
110.1000
110.1001
111.0
111.1
111.10
111.11
111.100
111.101
111.110
111.111
111.1000
111.1001
1000.0
1000.1
1000.10
1000.11
1000.100
1000.101
1000.110
1000.111
1000.1000
1000.1001
1001.0
1001.1
1001.10
1001.11
1001.100
1001.101
1001.110
(
)
*
+
,
.
/
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
;
<
=
>
?
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
\
]
^
_
‘
4
ANHANG A. ZAHLENSYSTEME
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
1100001
1100010
1100011
1100100
1100101
1100110
1100111
1101000
1101001
1101010
1101011
1101100
1101101
1101110
1101111
1110000
1110001
1110010
1110011
1110100
1110101
1110110
1110111
1111000
1111001
1111010
1111011
1111100
1111101
1111110
1111111
10000000
10000001
10000010
10000011
10000100
10000101
10000110
10000111
10001000
10001001
10001010
10001011
10001100
10001101
10001110
10001111
10010000
10010001
10010010
10010011
10010100
10010101
10010110
10010111
10011000
10011001
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
230
231
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
6a
6b
6c
6d
6e
6f
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
7a
7b
7c
7d
7e
7f
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
8a
8b
8c
8d
8e
8f
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
1001.111
1001.1000
1001.1001
1.0.0
1.0.1
1.0.10
1.0.11
1.0.100
1.0.101
1.0.110
1.0.111
1.0.1000
1.0.1001
1.1.0
1.1.1
1.1.10
1.1.11
1.1.100
1.1.101
1.1.110
1.1.111
1.1.1000
1.1.1001
1.10.0
1.10.1
1.10.10
1.10.11
1.10.100
1.10.101
1.10.110
1.10.111
1.10.1000
1.10.1001
1.11.0
1.11.1
1.11.10
1.11.11
1.11.100
1.11.101
1.11.110
1.11.111
1.11.1000
1.11.1001
1.100.0
1.100.1
1.100.10
1.100.11
1.100.100
1.100.101
1.100.110
1.100.111
1.100.1000
1.100.1001
1.101.0
1.101.1
1.101.10
1.101.11
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~
del
5
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
10011010
10011011
10011100
10011101
10011110
10011111
10100000
10100001
10100010
10100011
10100100
10100101
10100110
10100111
10101000
10101001
10101010
10101011
10101100
10101101
10101110
10101111
10110000
10110001
10110010
10110011
10110100
10110101
10110110
10110111
10111000
10111001
10111010
10111011
10111100
10111101
10111110
10111111
11000000
11000001
11000010
11000011
11000100
11000101
11000110
11000111
11001000
11001001
11001010
11001011
11001100
11001101
11001110
11001111
11010000
11010001
11010010
232
233
234
235
236
237
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
320
321
322
9a
9b
9c
9d
9e
9f
a0
a1
a2
a3
a4
a5
a6
a7
a8
a9
aa
ab
ac
ad
ae
af
b0
b1
b2
b3
b4
b5
b6
b7
b8
b9
ba
bb
bc
bd
be
bf
c0
c1
c2
c3
c4
c5
c6
c7
c8
c9
ca
cb
cc
cd
ce
cf
d0
d1
d2
1.101.100
1.101.101
1.101.110
1.101.111
1.101.1000
1.101.1001
1.110.0
1.110.1
1.110.10
1.110.11
1.110.100
1.110.101
1.110.110
1.110.111
1.110.1000
1.110.1001
1.111.0
1.111.1
1.111.10
1.111.11
1.111.100
1.111.101
1.111.110
1.111.111
1.111.1000
1.111.1001
1.1000.0
1.1000.1
1.1000.10
1.1000.11
1.1000.100
1.1000.101
1.1000.110
1.1000.111
1.1000.1000
1.1000.1001
1.1001.0
1.1001.1
1.1001.10
1.1001.11
1.1001.100
1.1001.101
1.1001.110
1.1001.111
1.1001.1000
1.1001.1001
10.0.0
10.0.1
10.0.10
10.0.11
10.0.100
10.0.101
10.0.110
10.0.111
10.0.1000
10.0.1001
10.1.0
6
ANHANG A. ZAHLENSYSTEME
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
11010011
11010100
11010101
11010110
11010111
11011000
11011001
11011010
11011011
11011100
11011101
11011110
11011111
11100000
11100001
11100010
11100011
11100100
11100101
11100110
11100111
11101000
11101001
11101010
11101011
11101100
11101101
11101110
11101111
11110000
11110001
11110010
11110011
11110100
11110101
11110110
11110111
11111000
11111001
11111010
11111011
11111100
11111101
11111110
11111111
323
324
325
326
327
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
d3
d4
d5
d6
d7
d8
d9
da
db
dc
dd
de
df
e0
e1
e2
e3
e4
e5
e6
e7
e8
e9
ea
eb
ec
ed
ee
ef
f0
f1
f2
f3
f4
f5
f6
f7
f8
f9
fa
fb
fc
fd
fe
ff
10.1.1
10.1.10
10.1.11
10.1.100
10.1.101
10.1.110
10.1.111
10.1.1000
10.1.1001
10.10.0
10.10.1
10.10.10
10.10.11
10.10.100
10.10.101
10.10.110
10.10.111
10.10.1000
10.10.1001
10.11.0
10.11.1
10.11.10
10.11.11
10.11.100
10.11.101
10.11.110
10.11.111
10.11.1000
10.11.1001
10.100.0
10.100.1
10.100.10
10.100.11
10.100.100
10.100.101
10.100.110
10.100.111
10.100.1000
10.100.1001
10.101.0
10.101.1
10.101.10
10.101.11
10.101.100
10.101.101
B
Zeichensätze und Sondertasten
B.1
EBCDIC, ASCII, Roman8, IBM-PC
Die Zeichensätze sind in den Ein- und Ausgabegeräten (Terminal, Drucker) gespeicherte Tabellen, die die Zeichen in Zahlen und zurück umsetzen.
dezimal
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
oktal
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
50
51
52
53
EBCDIC
nul
soh
stx
etx
pf
ht
lc
del
ASCII-7
nul
soh
stx
etx
eot
enq
ack
bel
bs
ht
lf
vt
ff
cr
so
si
dle
dc1
dc2
dc3
dc4
nak
syn
etb
can
em
sub
esc
fs
gs
rs
us
space
!
”
#
$
%
&
’
(
)
*
+
rlf
smm
vt
ff
cr
so
si
dle
dc1
dc2
dc3
res
nl
bs
il
can
em
cc
ifs
igs
irs
ius
ds
sos
fs
byp
lf
etb
esc
sm
7
Roman8
nul
soh
stx
etx
eot
enq
ack
bel
bs
ht
lf
vt
ff
cr
so
si
dle
dc1
dc2
dc3
dc4
nak
syn
etb
can
em
sub
esc
fs
gs
rs
us
space
!
”
#
$
%
&
’
(
)
*
+
IBM-PC
nul
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
bel
Grafik
ht
lf
home
ff
cr
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
cur right
cur left
cur up
cur down
space
!
”
#
$
%
&
’
(
)
*
+
8
ANHANG B. ZEICHENSÄTZE UND SONDERTASTEN
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
54
55
56
57
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
140
141
142
143
enq
ack
bel
syn
pn
rs
uc
eot
dc4
nak
sub
space
â
ä
à
á
ã
å
ç
ñ
[
.
<
(
+
!
&
é
ê
ë
è
í
î
ï
ì
ß
]
$
*
)
;
^
–
/
Â
Ä
,
.
/
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
;
<
=
>
?
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
\
]
^
_
‘
a
b
c
,
.
/
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
;
<
=
>
?
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
\
]
^
_
‘
a
b
c
,
.
/
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
;
<
=
>
?
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
\
]
^
_
‘
a
b
c
B.1. EBCDIC, ASCII, ROMAN8, IBM-PC
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
144
145
146
147
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
230
231
232
À
Á
Ã
Å
Ç
Ñ
|
,
%
_
>
?
ø
É
Ê
Ë
È
Í
Î
Ï
Ì
‘
:
#
@
’
=
”
Ø
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
ý
±
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
a
¯
9
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~
del
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~
del
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~
Grafik
Ç
ü
é
â
ä
à
å
ç
ê
ë
è
ı
î
ì
Ä
Å
É
œ
Æ
ô
ö
ò
û
ù
y
Ö
Ü
10
ANHANG B. ZEICHENSÄTZE UND SONDERTASTEN
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
233
234
235
236
237
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
320
321
322
o
æ¯
–
Æ
µ
∼
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
¡
¿
À
Â
È
Ê
Ë
Î
Ï
’
‘
^
Ý
~
Ù
Û
£
Yen
f
§
¶
|
–
=
{
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
ô
ö
ò
ó
õ
}
J
K
◦
Ç
ç
Ñ
ñ
¡
¿
£
Yen
§
f
â
ê
ô
û
á
é
ó
ú
à
è
ò
ù
ä
ë
ö
ü
Å
î
Ø
£
Yen
Pt
f
á
í
ó
ú
ñ
Ñ
a
o¯
¿¯
Grafik
Grafik
1/2
1/4
¡
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
B.2. GERMAN-ASCII
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
B.2
323
324
325
326
327
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
11
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
Æ
å
í
ø
æ
Ä
ì
Ö
Ü
É
ı
ß
Ô
Á
Ã
ã
û
ü
ù
ú
y
\
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
Í
Ì
Ó
Ò
Õ
õ
Š
š
Ú
Y
y
thorn
Thorn
Ô
Ö
Ò
Ó
Õ
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
–
1/4
1/2
a
o¯
¯
t
±
Û
Ü
Ù
Ú
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
Grafik
α
β
Γ
π
Σ
σ
µ
τ
Φ
θ
Ω
δ
∞
Ø
∈
∩
≡
±
≥
≤
Haken
Haken
÷
≈
◦
•
·
√
n
2
t
(FF)
German-ASCII
Falls das Ein- oder Ausgabegerät einen deutschen 7-Bit-ASCII-Zeichensatz enthält, sind folgende Ersetzungen der amerikanischen Zeichen durch deutsche Sonderzeichen üblich:
Nr.
91
92
US-Zeichen
linke eckige Klammer
Backslash
US-ASCII
[
\
German ASCII
Ä
Ö
12
93
123
124
125
126
ANHANG B. ZEICHENSÄTZE UND SONDERTASTEN
rechte eckige Klammer
linke geschweifte Klammer
senkrechter Strich
rechte geschweifte Klammer
Tilde
]
{
|
}
~
Ü
ä
ö
ü
ß
Achtung: Der IBM-PC und Ausgabegeräte von Hewlett-Packard verwenden keinen 7-BitASCII-Zeichensatz, sondern eigene 8-Bit-Zeichensätze, die die Sonderzeichen unter Nummern höher 127 enthalten, siehe vorhergehende Tabelle.
B.3
ASCII-Steuerzeichen
Die Steuerzeichen der Zeichensätze dienen der Übermittlung von Befehlen und Informationen an das empfangende Gerät und nicht der Ausgabe eines sicht- oder druckbaren Zeichens.
Die Ausgabegeräte kennen in der Regel jedoch einen Modus (transparent, Monitor, Display
Functions), in der die Steuerzeichen nicht ausgeführt, sondern angezeigt werden. Die meisten Steuerzeichen belegen keine eigene Taste auf der Tastatur, sondern werden als Kombination aus der control-Taste und einer Zeichentaste eingegeben. In C/C++ läßt sich jedes
Zeichen durch seine oktale Nummer in der Form \123 oder durch seine hexadezimale Nummer in der Form \x53 eingeben (hier das S).
dezimal
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
127
C-Konst.
\x00
\a
\b
\t
\n
\v
\f
\r
\x1b
ASCII
nul
soh
stx
etx
eot
enq
ack
bel
bs
ht
lf
vt
ff
cr
so
si
dle
dc1
dc2
dc3
dc4
nak
syn
etb
can
em
sub
esc
fs
gs
rs
us
del
Bedeutung
ASCII-Null
Start of heading
Start of text
End of text
End of transmission
Enquiry
Acknowledge
Bell
Backspace
Horizontal tab
Line feed
Vertical tab
Form feed
Carriage return
Shift out
Shift in
Data link escape
Device control 1, xon
Device control 2, tape
Device control 3, xoff
Device control 4, tape
Negative acknowledge
Synchronous idle
End transmission block
Cancel
End of medium
Substitute
Escape
File separator
Group separator
Record separator
Unit separator
Delete
Tasten
control @
control a
control b
control c
control d
control e
control f
control g
control h, BS
control i, TAB
control j, LF
control k
control l
control m, RETURN
control n
control o
control p
control q
control r
control s
control t
control u
control v
control w
control x
control y
control z
control [, ESC
control \
control ]
control ^
control _
DEL, RUBOUT
B.4. LATIN-1 (ISO 8859-1)
B.4
13
Latin-1 (ISO 8859-1)
Die internationale Norm ISO 8859 beschreibt gegenwärtig zehn Zeichensätze, die jedes Zeichen durch jeweils ein Byte darstellen. Jeder Zeichensatz umfaßt also maximal 256 druckbare Zeichen und Steuerzeichen. Der erste – Latin-1 genannt – ist für west- und mitteleuropäische Sprachen – darunter Deutsch – vorgesehen. Latin-2 deckt Mittel- und Osteuropa ab, soweit das lateinische Alphabet verwendet wird. Wer einen polnisch-deutschen Text schreiben
will, braucht Latin 2. Die deutschen Sonderzeichen liegen in Latin 1 bis 6 an denselben Stellen. Weiteres siehe in der ISO-Norm und im RFC 1345 Character Mnemonics and Character
Sets vom Juni 1992. Auch http://wwwwbs.cs.tu-berlin.de/~czyborra/charsets/
hilft weiter.
Die erste Hälfte (0 – 127) aller Latin-Zeichensätze stimmt mit US-ASCII überein, die
zweite mit keinem der anderen Zeichensätze. Zu jedem Zeichen gehört eine standardisierte
verbale Bezeichnung. Einige Zeichen wie das isländische Thorn oder das Cent-Zeichen konnten hier mit LaTeX nicht dargestellt werden.
dezimal
000
001
002
003
004
005
006
007
008
009
010
011
012
013
014
015
016
017
018
019
020
021
022
023
024
025
026
027
028
029
030
031
032
033
034
035
036
037
038
oktal
000
001
002
003
004
005
006
007
010
011
012
013
014
015
016
017
020
021
022
023
024
025
026
027
030
031
032
033
034
035
036
037
040
041
042
043
044
045
046
hex
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
0a
0b
0c
0d
0e
0f
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
1a
1b
1c
1d
1e
1f
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
Zeichen
nu
sh
sx
ex
et
eq
ak
bl
bs
ht
lf
vt
ff
cr
so
si
dl
d1
d2
d3
d4
nk
sy
eb
cn
em
sb
ec
fs
gs
rs
us
sp
!
”
#
$
%
&
Bezeichnung
Null (nul)
Start of heading (soh)
Start of text (stx)
End of text (etx)
End of transmission (eot)
Enquiry (enq)
Acknowledge (ack)
Bell (bel)
Backspace (bs)
Character tabulation (ht)
Line feed (lf)
Line tabulation (vt)
Form feed (ff)
Carriage return (cr)
Shift out (so)
Shift in (si)
Datalink escape (dle)
Device control one (dc1)
Device control two (dc2)
Device control three (dc3)
Device control four (dc4)
Negative acknowledge (nak)
Synchronous idle (syn)
End of transmission block (etb)
Cancel (can)
End of medium (em)
Substitute (sub)
Escape (esc)
File separator (is4)
Group separator (is3)
Record separator (is2)
Unit separator (is1)
Space
Exclamation mark
Quotation mark
Number sign
Dollar sign
Percent sign
Ampersand
14
ANHANG B. ZEICHENSÄTZE UND SONDERTASTEN
039
040
041
042
043
044
045
046
047
048
049
050
051
052
053
054
055
056
057
058
059
060
061
062
063
064
065
066
067
068
069
070
071
072
073
074
075
076
077
078
079
080
081
082
083
084
085
086
087
088
089
090
091
092
093
094
095
047
050
051
052
053
054
055
056
057
060
061
062
063
064
065
066
067
070
071
072
073
074
075
076
077
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
27
28
29
2a
2b
2c
2d
2e
2f
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
3a
3b
3c
3d
3e
3f
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
4a
4b
4c
4d
4e
4f
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
5a
5b
5c
5d
5e
5f
’
(
)
*
+
,
.
/
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
;
<
=
>
?
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
\
]
^
_
Apostrophe
Left parenthesis
Right parenthesis
Asterisk
Plus sign
Comma
Hyphen-Minus
Full stop
Solidus
Digit zero
Digit one
Digit two
Digit three
Digit four
Digit five
Digit six
Digit seven
Digit eight
Digit nine
Colon
Semicolon
Less-than sign
Equals sign
Greater-than sign
Question mark
Commercial at
Latin capital letter a
Latin capital letter b
Latin capital letter c
Latin capital letter d
Latin capital letter e
Latin capital letter f
Latin capital letter g
Latin capital letter h
Latin capital letter i
Latin capital letter j
Latin capital letter k
Latin capital letter l
Latin capital letter m
Latin capital letter n
Latin capital letter o
Latin capital letter p
Latin capital letter q
Latin capital letter r
Latin capital letter s
Latin capital letter t
Latin capital letter u
Latin capital letter v
Latin capital letter w
Latin capital letter x
Latin capital letter y
Latin capital letter z
Left square bracket
Reverse solidus
Right square bracket
Circumflex accent
Low line
B.4. LATIN-1 (ISO 8859-1)
096
097
098
099
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
230
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
6a
6b
6c
6d
6e
6f
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
7a
7b
7c
7d
7e
7f
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
8a
8b
8c
8d
8e
8f
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
15
‘
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~
dt
pa
ho
bh
nh
in
nl
sa
es
hs
hj
vs
pd
pu
ri
s2
s3
dc
p1
p2
ts
cc
mw
sg
eg
ss
Grave accent
Latin small letter a
Latin small letter b
Latin small letter c
Latin small letter d
Latin small letter e
Latin small letter f
Latin small letter g
Latin small letter h
Latin small letter i
Latin small letter j
Latin small letter k
Latin small letter l
Latin small letter m
Latin small letter n
Latin small letter o
Latin small letter p
Latin small letter q
Latin small letter r
Latin small letter s
Latin small letter t
Latin small letter u
Latin small letter v
Latin small letter w
Latin small letter x
Latin small letter y
Latin small letter z
Left curly bracket
Vertical line
Right curly bracket
Tilde
Delete (del)
Padding character (pad)
High octet preset (hop)
Break permitted here (bph)
No break here (nbh)
Index (ind)
Next line (nel)
Start of selected area (ssa)
End of selected area (esa)
Character tabulation set (hts)
Character tabulation with justification (htj)
Line tabulation set (vts)
Partial line forward (pld)
Partial line backward (plu)
Reverse line feed (ri)
Single-shift two (ss2)
Single-shift three (ss3)
Device control string (dcs)
Private use one (pu1)
Private use two (pu2)
Set transmit state (sts)
Cancel character (cch)
Message waiting (mw)
Start of guarded area (spa)
End of guarded area (epa)
Start of string (sos)
16
ANHANG B. ZEICHENSÄTZE UND SONDERTASTEN
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
99
9a
9b
9c
9d
9e
9f
a0
a1
a2
a3
a4
a5
a6
a7
a8
a9
aa
ab
ac
ad
ae
af
b0
b1
b2
b3
b4
b5
b6
b7
b8
b9
ba
bb
bc
bd
be
bf
c0
c1
c2
c3
c4
c5
c6
c7
c8
c9
ca
cb
cc
cd
ce
cf
gc
sc
ci
st
oc
pm
ac
ns
¡
£
§
©
a
¬
¯
◦
±
2
3
’
µ
¶
·
¸
1
◦
1/4
1/2
3/4
¿
À
Á
Â
Ã
Ä
Å
Æ
Ç
È
É
Ê
Ë
Ì
Í
Î
Ï
Single graphic character introducer (sgci)
Single character introducer (sci)
Control sequence introducer (csi)
String terminator (st)
Operating system command (osc)
Privacy message (pm)
Application program command (apc)
No-break space
Inverted exclamation mark
Cent sign
Pound sign
Currency sign (künftig Euro?)
Yen sign
Broken bar
Section sign
Diaresis
Copyright sign
Feminine ordinal indicator
Left-pointing double angle quotation mark
Not sign
Soft hyphen
Registered sign
Overline
Degree sign
Plus-minus sign
Superscript two
Superscript three
Acute accent
Micro sign
Pilcrow sign
Middle dot
Cedilla
Superscript one
Masculine ordinal indicator
Right-pointing double angle quotation mark
Vulgar fraction one quarter
Vulgar fraction one half
Vulgar fraction three quarters
Inverted question mark
Latin capital letter a with grave
Latin capital letter a with acute
Latin capital letter a with circumflex
Latin capital letter a with tilde
Latin capital letter a with diaresis
Latin capital letter a with ring above
Latin capital letter ae
Latin capital letter c with cedilla
Latin capital letter e with grave
Latin capital letter e with acute
Latin capital letter e with circumflex
Latin capital letter e with diaresis
Latin capital letter i with grave
Latin capital letter i with acute
Latin capital letter i with circumflex
Latin capital letter i with diaresis
B.5. LATIN-2 (ISO 8859-2)
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
B.5
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
d0
d1
d2
d3
d4
d5
d6
d7
d8
d9
da
db
dc
dd
de
df
e0
e1
e2
e3
e4
e5
e6
e7
e8
e9
ea
eb
ec
ed
ee
ef
f0
f1
f2
f3
f4
f5
f6
f7
f8
f9
fa
fb
fc
fd
fe
ff
17
Ñ
Ò
Ó
Ô
Õ
Ö
×
Ø
Ù
Ú
Û
Ü
Ý
ß
à
á
â
ã
ä
å
æ
ç
è
é
ê
ë
ì
í
î
ï
ñ
ò
ó
ô
õ
ö
÷
ø
ù
ú
û
ü
ý
ÿ
Latin capital letter eth (Icelandic)
Latin capital letter n with tilde
Latin capital letter o with grave
Latin capital letter o with acute
Latin capital letter o with circumflex
Latin capital letter o with tilde
Latin capital letter o with diaresis
Multiplication sign
Latin capital letter o with stroke
Latin capital letter u with grave
Latin capital letter u with acute
Latin capital letter u with circumflex
Latin capital letter u with diaresis
Latin capital letter y with acute
Latin capital letter thorn (Icelandic)
Latin small letter sharp s (German)
Latin small letter a with grave
Latin small letter a with acute
Latin small letter a with circumflex
Latin small letter a with tilde
Latin small letter a with diaresis
Latin small letter a with ring above
Latin small letter ae
Latin small letter c with cedilla
Latin small letter e with grave
Latin small letter e with acute
Latin small letter e with circumflex
Latin small letter e with diaresis
Latin small letter i with grave
Latin small letter i with acute
Latin small letter i with circumflex
Latin small letter i with diaresis
Latin small letter eth (Icelandic)
Latin small letter n with tilde
Latin small letter o with grave
Latin small letter o with acute
Latin small letter o with circumflex
Latin small letter o with tilde
Latin small letter o with diaresis
Division sign
Latin small letter o with stroke
Latin small letter u with grave
Latin small letter u with acute
Latin small letter u with circumflex
Latin small letter u with diaresis
Latin small letter y with acute
Latin small letter thorn (Icelandic)
Latin small letter y with diaresis
Latin-2 (ISO 8859-2)
Der Zeichensatz Latin-2 deckt folgende Sprachen ab: Albanisch, Bosnisch, Deutsch, Englisch,
Finnisch, Irisch, Kroatisch, Polnisch, Rumänisch, Serbisch (in lateinischer Transskription),
Serbokroatisch, Slowakisch, Slowenisch, Sorbisch, Tschechisch und Ungarisch. Samisch wird
in Latin-9 berücksichtigt. Auf:
18
ANHANG B. ZEICHENSÄTZE UND SONDERTASTEN
http://sizif.mf.uni-lj.si/linux/cee/iso8859-2.html
finden sich Einzelheiten und weitere URLs. Hier nur die Zeichen, die von Latin-1 abweichen:
dezimal
161
162
163
165
166
169
170
171
172
174
175
177
178
179
181
182
183
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
195
197
198
200
202
204
207
208
209
210
213
216
217
219
222
224
227
229
230
232
234
236
239
240
241
242
oktal
241
242
243
245
246
251
252
253
254
256
257
261
262
263
265
266
267
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
300
303
305
306
310
312
314
317
320
321
322
325
330
331
333
336
340
343
345
346
350
352
354
357
360
361
362
hex
a1
a2
a3
a5
a6
a9
aa
ab
ac
ae
af
b1
b2
b3
b5
b6
b7
b9
ba
bb
bc
bd
be
bf
c0
c3
c5
c6
c8
ca
cc
cf
d0
d1
d2
d5
d8
d9
db
de
e0
e3
e5
e6
e8
ea
ec
ef
f0
f1
f2
Zeichen
Ł
L’
Ś
Š
Ş
Ť
Ź
Ž
Ż
ł
Bezeichnung
Latin capital letter a with ogonek
Breve
Latin capital letter l with stroke
Latin capital letter l with caron
Latin capital letter s with acute
Latin capital letter s with caron
Latin capital letter s with cedilla
Latin capital letter t with caron
Latin capital letter z with acute
Latin capital letter z with caron
Latin capital letter z with dot above
Latin small letter a with ogonek
Ogonek (Schwänzchen)
Latin small letter l with stroke
Latin small letter l with caron
Latin small letter s with acute
Caron
Latin small letter s with caron
Latin small letter s with cedilla
Latin small letter t with caron
Latin small letter z with acute
Double acute accent
Latin small letter z with caron
Latin small letter z with dot above
Latin capital letter r with acute
Latin capital letter a with breve
Latin capital letter l with acute
Latin capital letter c with acute
Latin capital letter c with caron
Latin capital letter e with ogonek
Latin capital letter e with caron
Latin capital letter d with caron
Latin capital letter d with stroke
Latin capital letter n with acute
Latin capital letter n with caron
Latin capital letter o with double acute
Latin capital letter r with caron
Latin capital letter u with ring above
Latin capital letter u with double acute
Latin capital letter t with cedilla
Latin small letter r with acute
Latin small letter a with breve
Latin small letter l with acute
Latin small letter c with acute
Latin small letter c with caron
Latin small letter e with ogonek
Latin small letter e with caron
Latin small letter d with caron
Latin small letter d with stroke
Latin small letter n with acute
Latin small letter n with caron
B.6. HTML-ENTITIES
245
248
249
251
254
255
B.6
365
370
371
373
376
377
19
f5
f8
f9
fb
fe
ff
Latin small letter o with double acute
Latin small letter r with caron
Latin small letter u with ring above
Latin small letter u with double acute
Latin small letter t with cedilla
Dot above
HTML-Entities
HTML-Entities sind eine Ersatzschreibweise für Zeichen, die nicht direkt in HTML-Text eingegeben werden können. Zu diesen Zeichen gehören:
• Sonderzeichen außerhalb des US-ASCII-Zeichensatzes (Umlaute),
• Zeichen, die eine besondere Bedeutung in HTML haben (&, <),
• mathematische und andere Symbole (±, ©).
Für den Ersatz gibt es zwei Möglichkeiten:
• die dezimale oder hexadezimale Nummer des Zeichens im Zeichensatz,
• eine Umschreibung mit ASCII-Zeichen.
Soweit die Zeichen im Latin-1-Zeichensatz enthalten sind, können die dort angegebenen
Nummern verwendet werden. Die vollständige Tabelle entnimmt man am einfachsten der
HTML-Spezifikation. Hier nur die häufigsten Zeichen:
dezimal
&#38;
&#60;
&#62;
&#160;
&#161;
&#163;
&#169;
&#171;
&#173;
&#174;
&#176;
&#177;
&#178;
&#179;
&#181;
&#187;
&#189;
&#192;
&#193;
&#194;
&#195;
&#196;
&#197;
&#198;
&#199;
&#209;
&#216;
&#223;
&#235;
&#241;
hex
&#x26;
&#x4c;
&#x4e;
&#xa0;
&#xa1;
&#xa3;
&#xa9;
&#xab;
&#xad;
&#xae;
&#xb0;
&#xb1;
&#xb2;
&#xb3;
&#xb5;
&#xbb;
&#xbd;
&#xc0;
&#xc1;
&#xc2;
&#xc3;
&#xc4;
&#xc5;
&#xc6;
&#xc7;
&#xd1;
&#xd8;
&#xdf;
&#xeb;
&#xf0;
char ent
&amp;
&lt;
&gt;
&nbsp;
&iexcl;
&pound;
&copy;
&laquo;
&shy;
&reg;
&deg;
&plusmn;
&sup2;
&sup3;
&micro;
&raquo;
&frac12;
&Agrave;
&Aacute;
&Acirc;
&Atilde;
&Auml;
&Aring;
&AElig;
&Ccedil;
&Ntilde;
&Oslash;
&szlig;
&euml;
&ntilde;
Zeichen
&
<
>
¡
£
©
◦
±
2
3
µ
1/2
À
Á
Â
Ã
Ä
Å
Æ
Ç
Ñ
Ø
ß
ë
ñ
Bezeichnung
ampersand
less-than sign
greater-than sign
non-breaking space
inverted exclamation mark
pound sign
copyright sign
left pointing guillemet
soft or dicretionary hyphen
registered sign
degree sign
plus-minus sign
superscript two
superscript three
micro sign
right pointing guillemet
fraction one half
latin capital letter A with grave
latin capital letter A with acute
latin capital letter A with circumflex
latin capital letter A with tilde
latin capital letter A with diaresis
latin capital letter A with ring above
latin capital ligature AE
latin capital letter C with cedilla
latin capital letter N with tilde
latin capital letter O with stroke
latin small letter sharp s
latin small letter e with diaresis
latin small letter n with tilde
20
B.7
ANHANG B. ZEICHENSÄTZE UND SONDERTASTEN
Sondertasten
Computertastaturen weisen im Vergleich zu den Tastaturen herkömmlicher Schreibmaschinen einige Tasten zusätzlich auf – mit besonderen Bedeutungen. Obwohl die PC-Tastatur
(MF-2) weit verbreitet ist, gibt es eine Vielzahl abweichender Tastaturen. Die Wirkung, die
von einer Taste ausgelöst wird, hängt in den meisten Fällen von der Software ab, lässt sich
daher nicht allgemein angeben und kann von Programm zu Programm variieren. Typische
Beispiele sind die Funktionstasten, aber auch fast alle anderen Tasten lassen sich umprogrammieren. In der folgenden Tabelle werden die wichtigsten Sondertasten aufgeführt:
DÜZ
ACK
AlphaLock
Alt
AltGr
BackTab
BS, Backspace
BEL
Break
CAN
Caps Lock
CBT
CE, ClearEntry
CharDel
CharInsert
ClearSpace
CR
Ctrl
CUB
CUD
CUF
CUU
DCH
DC1
DC2
DC3
DC4
Dead Keys
DEL, Delete
DL
DLE
Down
EM
End
ENQ
Enter
EOT
Esc
ETB
ETX
ExtChar
F1
FF
Funct
Home
Alt
AltGr
Rücktaste
Untbr
Feststelltaste
Datenübertragung zeilenweise
Acknowledge
wie Caps Lock
Alternate
Alternate graphic(s)
einen Schritt zurück
Glocke, ASCII-Nr. 7
Signal SIGINT, Signal Nr. 2
Cancel
Umschaltung feststellen
Cursor back tab
Lösche Zeichen
Füge Zeichen vor Cursor ein
Strg
Tod-Tasten,
Akzent-Tasten
Entf
Pfeil abwärts
Ende
Zeilenwechsel
Escape
F1
Pos1
Carriage return, Wagenrücklauf,
ASCII-Nr. 13
Control, Steuerung
Cursor back
Cursor down
Cursor forward
Cursor up
Delete character
Device control 1, ASCII-Nr. 17
Device control 2, ASCII-Nr. 18
Device control 3, ASCII-Nr. 19
Device control 4, ASCII-Nr. 20
T. für diakritische Zeichen,
Akzente ohne Zeichenvorschub
Zeichen entfernen, löschen
Delete line
Data link enable
Cursor abwärts
End of media
Cursor zum Seitenende
Enquiry
Eingabe vollziehen
End of transmission
Escape, Fluchtsymbol, ASCII-Nr. 27
End of transaction block
End of text
Funktionstaste 1 usw.
Form feed, Blattvorschub, ASCII-Nr. 12
ähnlich wie Ctrl
Cursor zum Seitenanfang
B.7. SONDERTASTEN
HT
INS, Insert
IS1
IS2
IS3
IS4
Left
LF
LineDel
LineErase
LineFeed
LineIns
LocEsc
NAK
NoScroll
NumLock
Page
Page Down
PageErase
Page Up
Pause
PFK
PrevWin
PrintScreen
Reset
Return
Right
Rubout
ScrollLock
Send
Setup
Shift
Space
SOH
SUB
SYN
SysRq
Tab
Up
21
Einfg
Pfeil links
Num
Bild abwärts
Bild aufwärts
Pause
Druck
Zeilenwechsel
Pfeil rechts
Rollen
Umschaltung
Leertaste
S-Abf
Tab
Pfeil aufwärts
Horizontal tab
Zeichen vor Cursor einfügen
Information separator 1
Information separator 2
Information separator 3
Information separator 4
Cursor nach links
Line feed, ASCII-Nr. 10
Lösche Zeile
Lösche Zeile ab Cursor
wie Down
Füge Zeile oberhalb Cursor ein
Local Escape
Not acknowledge
Hält Bildschirm an
Number lock key
Nächste Seite des Speichers
Nächste Seite des Speichers
Seite löschen
Vorige Seite des Speichers
Pause
Program Function Key
Previous window
Hardcopy des Bildschirms
Setzt Terminal zurück
Zeilenwechsel, Eingabe vollziehen
Cursor nach rechts
Zeichen löschen, wie DEL
Hält Bildschirm an
Sende Seite zum Computer
Zeigt Konfiguration an
Umschaltung groß-klein
ASCII-Nr. 32, Leerschritt
Start of header
Substitute character, ASCII-Nr. 26
Synch idle
System request, System-Anfrage
(Horizontal-)Tabulator
Cursor nach oben
Daneben finden sich auf den Tastaturen einzelner Hersteller noch Tasten mit angebissenen
Äpfeln, fliegenden Fenstern und dergleichen.
C
Typografische Maße
C.1
Papierformate
In der EDV sind folgende Papierformate gebräuchlich (Ein Zoll (inch) sind 25,4 mm oder 72
Punkte):
• DIN A3 Blattgröße 297 mm x 420 mm entsprechend 842 p x 1190 p.
• DIN A4 Blattgröße 210 mm x 297 mm entsprechend 595 p x 842 p, näherungsweise
8 Zoll x 12 Zoll.
• Briefumschlag DIN lang 110 mm x 220 mm
• Tabellierpapier schmal Blattgröße einschließlich Lochrand 240 mm x 305 mm, ohne
Lochrand 210 mm x 305 mm, also annähernd DIN A4. 305 mm sind 12 Zoll.
• Tabellierpapier breit Blattgröße einschließlich Lochrand 375 mm x 305 mm.
Bei 10 Zeichen/Zoll faßt die Zeile 132 Zeichen, bei 12 Zeichen/Zoll 158 Zeichen, bei
15 Zeichen/Zoll 198 Zeichen.
• Executive amerikanisch, Blattgröße 7.25 Zoll x 10.5 Zoll (184,2 mm x 266,7 mm) entsprechend 540 p x 720 p.
• Ledger amerikanisch, Blattgröße 17 Zoll x 11 Zoll (431,8 mm x 279,4 mm) entsprechend
1224 p x 792 p, Querformat.
• Legal amerikanisch, Blattgröße 8.5 Zoll x 14 Zoll (215,9 mm x 355,6 mm) entsprechend
612 p x 1008 p.
• Letter amerikanisch, Blattgröße 8.5 Zoll x 11 Zoll (215,9 mm x 279,4 mm) entsprechend
612 p x 792 p, Schreibmaschinenpapier.
• Tabloid amerikanisch, Blattgröße 11 Zoll x 17 Zoll (279,4 mm x 431,8 mm) entsprechend 792 p x 1224 p.
Es ist zwischen der Blattgröße, der Größe des adressierbaren Bereichs (logische Seite)
und der Größe des beschreibbaren Bereichs zu unterscheiden. Näheres beispielsweise im HP
PCL 5 Printer Language Technical Reference Manual (das leider nicht zum Lieferumfang der
HP Laserdrucker gehört, für die System-Manager aber äußerst wichtig ist).
C.2
Schriftgrößen
Bei den Schriftgrößen oder -graden finden sich mehrere Maßsysteme. In Mitteleuropa ist traditionell das aus dem Bleisatz stammende Punktsystem nach F RANÇOIS A MBROISE D IDOT
gebräuchlich, das die Höhe der Schrifttype (nicht des Buchstabens) angibt. Es geht auf den
französischen Fuß zurück; ein Punkt war früher 0,376 mm, heute ist er in Angleichung an
das metrische System 0,375 mm. Die wichtigsten Größen werden auch mit eigenen Namen
bezeichnet (12 pt = Cicero). Die untere Grenze der Lesbarkeit liegt bei 9 pt, optimal sind 12
pt.
Auf englische Füße geht das Pica-System zurück, in dem 1 Pica gleich 12 Points oder 4,216
mm (1/6 Zoll) ist. Hiervon abgeleitet ist das IBM-Pica-System, in dem Pica eine Schrift mit
6 Zeilen pro Zoll und 10 Zeichen pro Zoll ist. Elite bedeutet 12 Zeichen pro Zoll bei gleichem
Zeilenabstand.
Auf deutschen Schreibmaschinen war Pica eine Schriftart mit 2,6 mm Schrittweite (etwa
10 Zeichen pro Zoll) und Perl eine Schriftart mit 2,3 mm Schrittweite.
22
D
Farben
D.1
RGB-Farbwerte
D.2
X11-Farben
Eine Auswahl der von X11 verwendeten Farben. Die vollständige Liste ist in /etc/X11/
rgb.txt, /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/rgb.txt oder /usr/lib/x11/rgb.txt zu finden. Mittels showrgb werden die Farben mit ihren Zahlenwerten (RGB-Tripletts) aufgelistet. Das
Kommando xcolors stellt in einem großen Fenster alle Farben gleichzeitig samt ihren Bezeichnungen dar, das Kommando xcolorsel in einem kleinen Fenster einen Ausschnitt
samt Hexwerten und Bezeichnungen. Die tatsächliche Farbdarstellung hängt vom Bildschirm bzw. Drucker ab, deshalb sind die Farbmuster nur als Orientierungshilfe zu verstehen.
X11 stellt auch Farben dar, die nicht in dieser Liste genannt sind. Darüber hinaus
kann sich ein Benutzer mit einem Farbeditor eigene Farben für X11 mischen. Nach dem
RGB-Modell arbeiten xcolmix (Debian) und xcoloredit, zu holen bei http://freebsd.
home4u.ch/de/ oder ftp://export.lcs.mit.edu/R5contrib/. Ein durchschnittlicher
Benutzer kommt jedoch mit den vorgefertigten Farben aus.
Farbe
weiß
gelb
fuchsienrot
cyan
rot
maigrün
blau
grau
olivgrün
purpur
dunkelgrün
kastanienbraun
grün
marineblau
lachsrot
dunkelrosa
dunkelorange
königsblau
altweiß
ocker
hellgrau
schwarz
D.3
Colour
white
yellow
magenta1
cyan1
red
green
blue1
grey52
olive drab
purple
green4
maroon
green
navy blue
salmon
hot pink
dark orange
royal blue
antique white
navajo white
light grey
black
RGB-Vektor
255,255,255
255,255,0
255,0,255
0,255,255
255,0,0
0,255,0
0,0,255
133,133,133
107,142,35
160,32,240
0,139,0
176,48,96
0,255,0
0,0,128
250,128,114
255,105,180
255,140,0
65,105,225
250,235,215
255,222,173
211,211,211
0,0,0
Hex, 8bittig
#ffffff
#ffff00
#ff00ff
#00ffff
#ff0000
#00ff00
#0000ff
#868686
#698e20
#9e20ef
#008a00
#ae3061
#00ff00
#000086
#f78271
#ff69b6
#ff8e00
#4169df
#f7ebd7
#ffdfae
#cfd3cf
#000000
HTML-Farben
Eine Auswahl von Farben nach dem RGB-Farbmodell, ihren Bezeichnungen und ihren HexCodes, wie sie in HTML-Seiten verwendet werden. Die ersten 16 Farben können auf Webseiten über ihre englische Bezeichnung angesprochen werden; die Hex-Codes sollten immer
23
24
ANHANG D. FARBEN
richtig verstanden werden. Weiteres unter http:\\www.htmlhelp.com/cgi-bin/color.
cgi oder http://www.seifert-web.de/info/bgclick.htm.
Farbe
weiß
schwarz
gelb
fuchsienrot
cyan
rot
maigrün
blau
grau
olivgrün
purpur
dunkelgrün
kastanienbraun
grün
marineblau
silbern
lachsrot
dunkelrosa
dunkel orange
königsblau
ocker
Colour
white
black
yellow
magenta, fuchsia
cyan, aqua
red
lime
blue
gray
olive
purple
teal
maroon
green
navy
silver
salmon
hot pink
dark orange
royal blue
navajo white
Hex Code
#ffffff
#000000
#ffff00
#ff00ff
#00ffff
#ff0000
#00ff00
#0000ff
#808080
#808000
#800080
#008080
#800000
#008000
#000080
#c0c0c0
#fa8072
#ff69b4
#ff8c00
#4169e1
#ffdead
E
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
An Hand einer einfachen Webseite – verfasst nach der Spezifikation von HTML 4.0 – wird
die Verwendung von HTML erläutert. Die Seite ist von mehreren Programmen getestet und
hat keine Fehlermeldungen erzeugt.
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
<HTML>
<HEAD>
<TITLE>
Dr.-Ing. Wulf Alex
</TITLE>
<META http-equiv="Content-Type" content=
"text/html; charset=iso-8859-1">
<META name="revisit-after" content="20 days">
<META name="description" content=
"Mechanische Verfahrenstechnik und Mechanik, Wulf Alex">
<META name="keywords" lang="de" content=
"Chemieingenieur,Verfahrenstechnik,Alex">
<META name="keywords" lang="en" content=
"Chemical Engineering,Process Engineering,Alex">
</HEAD>
<BODY bgcolor="#ffffff">
<IMG src="/logociw.gif" alt="LOGO">
<H3>
Institut f&uuml;r Mechanische Verfahrenstechnik
und Mechanik
</H3>
<HR><IMG src="alex.jpg" align="MIDDLE" height="240"
width="175" alt="FOTO"> <STRONG>Wulf Alex</STRONG>
<BR>
<BR>
Geb&auml;ude 30.70, Zimmer 003
<BR>
<BR>
Telefon +49 721 608 2404 (dienstlich)
<BR>
<BR>
Email <A href="mailto:wulf.alex@mvm.uni-karlsruhe.de">
wulf.alex@mvm.uni-karlsruhe.de</A>
<H4>
Arbeitsgebiete
</H4>
<UL>
<LI>
Institutsverwaltung, Werkst&auml;tten,
</LI>
<LI>
EDV, Web-, List- und Postmaster, DBA,
</LI>
<LI>
Partikelmesstechnik.
</LI>
25
26
ANHANG E. HYPERTEXT MARKUP LANGUAGE (HTML)
</UL>
<H4>
Ver&ouml;ffentlichungen
</H4>
Siehe <A href="/cgi-bin/wwwbuch.cgi?autor=Alex%2C%20W">
Bibliothek</A>
<H4>
<A href="/~wualex1/">Pers&ouml;nliche Webseite</A>
</H4>
<HR>Zur <A href=
"http://www.ciw.uni-karlsruhe.de/">Fakult&auml;t</A>
<A href="http://www.uni-karlsruhe.de/">Universit&auml;t</A>
<HR>http://www.mvm.uni-karlsruhe.de/mvm/personen/alex.html
<BR>
J&uuml;ngste &Auml;nderung 2001-10-24 <A href=
"mailto:webmaster.mvm@mvm.uni-karlsruhe.de">
webmaster.mvm@mvm.uni-karlsruhe.de</A>
<BR>
<!--#config timefmt="%Y %b %d %T %Z"-->
Requested <!--#echo var="DATE_GMT"-->
by <!--#echo var="REMOTE_ADDR"-->
from <!--#echo var="SERVER_NAME"-->
</BODY>
</HTML>
Die erste Zeile nennt die Document Type Declaration. Sie kann von Testprogrammen wie
tidy automatisch hinzugefügt werden. Dann folgt das eigentliche HTML-Dokument von
<HTML> bis </HTML>. Es gliedert sich in den Kopf von <HEAD> bis </HEAD> und den Rumpf
von <BODY> bis </BODY>.
Im Kopf steht der Titel (keine Sonderzeichen!) von <TITLE> bis </TITLE>, der auf dem
Rahmen des Brauser-Fensters angezeigt wird. Dann folgen Meta-Informationen für Brauser und Suchmaschinen. Die Information über den Content-Type ist obligatorisch, der Rest
optional.
Im Rumpf wird zunächst ein Bild (Logo) im gif-Format eingebunden. Für Fotos empfiehlt
sich das jpg-Format. Dann folgt eine Überschrift (Headline) dritter Stufe, die beiden obersten
Stufen werden hier nicht verwendet. <HR> ist eine horizontale Trennlinie (horizontal ruler),
<BR> ein Zeilenumbruch (line break) zusätzlich zu denen, die der Brauser von sich aus vornimmt.
Die Email-Anschrift ist in Form eines anklickbaren Hyperlinks zwischen <A> und </A>
angegeben. Der öffnende Tag <A> enthält ein Attribut, nämlich den URL, der beim Anklicken
angesprochen werden soll.
Die Arbeitsgebiete sind in Form einer Auflistung (unordered list) zwischen <UL> und
</UL> dargestellt. Die einzelnen Elemente stehen zwischen <LI> und </LI>. Es gibt auch
Aufzählungen (ordered lists, OL).
Der auf die Bibliothek weisende Hyperlink ruft auf dem Webserver ein cgi-Programm auf,
das etwas tut und das Ergebnis dem Webserver zwecks Übertragung zum Brauser mitteilt.
Die Information, die der Leser beim Anklicken dieses Hyperlinks erhält, wird also bei Bedarf
zusammengestellt, sie ist dynamisch. Im vorliegenden Fall stammt sie auf Umwegen aus
einer Datenbank.
Gegen Ende werden der URL der vorliegenden Seite, das Datum der jüngsten Änderung
und die Anschrift des zuständigen Webmasters angegeben. Das gehört sich so und fehlt oft.
Die letzten drei Zeilen im Rumpf rufen Server Side Includes auf. Das sind wieder dynamische Informationen, die der Server nach Bedarf einfügt, jedoch ohne Hilfe eines anderen
Programmes. Nicht unbedingt erforderlich, aber hier und da nützlich.
Dieses Beispiel soll zeigen, dass eine einfache Webseite keine höheren Programmierkenntnisse erfordert. Wenn Sie sich dann noch aus dem Netz oder im Buchhandel eine gute Ein-
27
führung in HTML besorgen, sind Sie für Ihren Auftritt im WWW gerüstet. Später sollten Sie
sich noch vom W3C die HTML-Spezifikation holen, zum Nachschlagen.
F
Die wichtigsten UNIX-Kommandos
Einzelheiten siehe Online-Referenz-Handbuch. Das wichtigste Kommando zuerst, die übrigen nach Sachgebiet und dann alphabetisch geordnet:
man man
man -k time
apropos time
Beschreibung zum Kommando man(1) ausgeben
man-Seiten zum Stichwort time auflisten
man-Seiten zum Stichwort time auflisten
Allgemeines
alias
at
bdf, df, du
calendar
crontab
date
echo, print
exit
kill
leave
lock
newgrp
nice
nohup
passwd
ps
script
set
Alias in der Shell einrichten
alias r=’fc -e -’
Programm zu einem beliebigen Zeitpunkt starten
at 0815 Jan 24
program
EOF (meist control-d)
Plattenbelegung ermitteln
df
du .
Terminverwaltung (Reminder Service)
(Datei $HOME/calendar muß existieren)
calendar
Tabelle für cron erzeugen
crontab crontabfile
Datum und Zeit anzeigen
date
Argument auf stdout schreiben
echo ’Hallo, wie gehts?’
Shell beenden
exit
Signal an Prozess senden
kill process_id
kill -s SIGHUP process_id
an Feierabend erinnern
leave 2215
Terminal sperren
lock
Benutzergruppe wechseln
newgrp student
Priorität eines Programmes herabsetzen
nice program
Programm von Sitzung abkoppeln
nohup program &
Passwort ändern
passwd
yppasswd (in NIS-Clustern)
laufende Prozesse anzeigen
ps -ef
Sitzung mitschreiben
script (beenden mit exit)
Umgebung anzeigen
set
28
29
sh, ksh, bash
stty
su
tset, reset
tty
who
whoami, id
xargs
Shells (Bourne, Korn, Bash)
bash
Terminal-Schnittstelle anzeigen
stty
Usernamen wechseln (substituieren)
su bjalex1
Terminal initialisieren
tset vt100
Terminalnamen (/dev/tty*) anzeigen
tty
eingeloggte Benutzer auflisten
who -H
meinen Namen anzeigen
id
Argumentliste aufbauen und Kommando ausführen
ls | xargs -i -t mv {} subdir/{}
Dateien, Verzeichnisse
cd
chgrp
chmod
chown
cmp, diff
compress
cp
file
find, whereis
gzip
ln
ls
mkdir
mv
od
pwd
rm, rmdir
Arbeitsverzeichnis wechseln
cd
cd /usr/local/bin
Gruppe einer Datei wechseln
chgrp students file
Zugriffsrechte einel Datei ändern
chmod 755 file
Besitzer einer Datei wechseln
chown aralex1 file
zwei Dateien vergleichen
cmp file1 file2
Datei komprimieren
compress file
uncompress file.Z
Datei kopieren
cp original kopie
Dateityp ermitteln
file file
Dateien suchen
find . -name file -print
Datei komprimieren (GNU)
gzip file
gunzip file.gz
Datei linken
ln file hardlinkname
ln -s file softlinkname
Verzeichnisse auflisten
ls -al
ls -l /usr/local
Verzeichnis anlegen
mkdir newdir
Datei verschieben oder umbenennen
mv oldfilename newfilename
(oktalen) Dump einer Datei ausgeben
od -c file
Arbeitsverzeichnis anzeigen
pwd
Datei oder leeres Verzeichnis löschen
30
tar
touch
ANHANG F. DIE WICHTIGSTEN UNIX-KOMMANDOS
rm file
rm -r dir (rekursiv)
rmdir dir
Datei-Archiv schreiben oder lesen
tar -cf /dev/st0 ./dir &
leere Datei erzeugen, Zeitstempel ändern
touch file
Kommunikation, Netz
ftp
hostname
irc
kermit
mail,elm,
mutt
netscape
news
nslookup
ping
ssh
rlogin
telnet
tin, xn
uucp
whois
write, talk
Datei Transfer
ftp ftp.ciw.uni-karlsruhe.de
Hostnamen anzeigen
hostname
Netzgeschwätz
irc (beenden mit /quit)
Datei übertragen, auch von/zu Nicht-UNIX-Anlagen
kermit (beenden mit exit)
Mail lesen und versenden
mail wulf.alex@mvm.uni-karlsruhe.de < file
elm
mutt
WWW-Browser (einer unter vielen)
netscape &
Neuigkeiten anzeigen
news -a
Auskunft über Host
nslookup mvmpc100.ciw.uni-kalrsuhe.de
nslookup 129.13.118.100
Verbindung prüfen
ping 129.13.118.100
verschlüsselte Verbindung zu Host im Netz
ssh mvmpc100.ciw.uni-karlsruhe.de
Dialog mit UNIX-Host im Netz (unverschlüsselt)
rlogin mvmpc100
Dialog mit Host im Netz (unverschlüsselt)
telent mvmpc100
Newsreader
rtin
Programmpaket mit UNIX-Netzdiensten
Auskunft über Netzknoten
whois -h whois.internic.net gatekeeper.dec.com
Dialog mit eingeloggtem Benutzer
talk wualex1@mvmpc100
Programmieren
ar
cb
cc
ci
co
Gruppe von files archivieren
ar -r archiv.a file1 file2
C-Beautifier, Quelle verschönern
cb prog.c > prog.b
C-Compiler mit Linker
cc -o prog prog.c
einchecken in das RCS-System
ci mysource.c
auschecken aus dem RCS-System
co -l mysource.c
31
lint
make
sdb, xdb
C-Syntax-Prüfer
lint prog.c
Compileraufruf vereinfachen
make (Makefile erforderlich)
symbolischer Debugger
xdb (einige Dateien erforderlich)
Textverarbeitung
adjust
awk
cancel
cat
cut
ed
emacs
expand
grep, fgrep
head, tail
lp, lpr
lpstat, lpq
more, less
nroff
recode
sed
sort
spell
tee
tr
uniq
Text formatieren (einfachst)
adjust -j -m60 textfile
Listengenerator
awk -f awkscript textfile (awk-Script erforderlich)
Druckauftrag löschen
cancel lp-4711
von stdin lesen, nach stdout schreiben
cat textfile
cat file1 file2 > file.all
cat textfile
Spalten aus Tabellen auswählen
cut -f1 tablefile > newfile
Zeileneditor, mit diff(1) nützlich
ed textfile
Editor, alternativ zum vi(1) (GNU)
emacs textfile
Tabs ins Spaces umwandeln
expand textfile > newfile
Muster in Dateien suchen
grep -i Unix textfile
fgrep UNIX textfile
Anfang bzw. Ende eines Textfiles anzeigen
head textfile
Datei über Spooler ausdrucken
lp -dlp2 textfile
lpr -Plp2 textfile
Spoolerstatus anzeigen
lpstat -t
Textfile schirmweise anzeigen
more textfile
ls -l | more
Textformatierer
nroff nrofffile | lp
Filter zur Umwandlung von Zeichensätzen (GNU)
recode --help
recode -l
recode -v ascii-bs:EBCDIC-IBM textfile
filternder Editor
sed ’s/[A-Z]/[a-z]/g’ textfile > newfile
Textfile zeilenweise sortieren
sort liste | uniq > newfile
Rechtschreibung prüfen
spell spelling textfile+
stdout zugleich in eine Datei schreiben
who | tee whofile
Zeichen in Textfile ersetzen
tr -d "\015" < textfile1 > textfile2
sortiertes Textfile nach doppelten Zeilen durchsuchen
32
vi
view
vis
wc
ANHANG F. DIE WICHTIGSTEN UNIX-KOMMANDOS
sort liste | uniq > newfile
Bildschirm-Editor, alternativ zum emacs(1)
vi textfile
vi(1) nur zum Lesen aufrufen
view textfile
Dateien mit Steuersequenzen anzeigen
vis textfile
Zeichen, Wörter und Zeilen zählen
wc textfile
G
Vergleich UNIX – DOS-Kommandos
Der Vergleich bezieht sich auf Microsoft DOS 5.0 und UNIX V.3. Eine hundertprozentige
Übereinstimmung in der Wirkung ist selten. Die Syntax der Kommandos ist immer verschieden.
Optionen werden in UNIX durch –, in MS-DOS durch / eingeleitet. Die Verzeichnisse eines
vollen Pfadnamens werden in UNIX durch /, in MS-DOS durch \ getrennt.
In UNIX arbeitet man stets mit einem einzigen File-System; in MS-DOS hat jeder Datenträger (Diskette, Platte) sein eigenes File-System. Die Kommandos zum Behandeln der
File-Systeme können daher keine Äquivalente haben.
UNIX
MS-DOS
Wirkung
cat, pg
cd
chmod
clear
cmp
cp
date
date
exit
grep
lp
lpr
ls
mkdir
more
mv
pwd
rm
rmdir
sh
sort
type
cd
attrib
cls
comp, fc
copy, xcopy
date
time
exit
find
print
print
dir
mkdir
more
ren
cd
del
rmdir
command
sort
zeigt File auf Bildschirm an
wechselt Arbeitsverzeichnis
ändert Fileattribute
löscht Bildschirm
vergleicht zwei Files
kopiert File
zeigt Datum an
zeigt Uhrzeit an
verläßt Kommandointerpreter
sucht String in File
schickt File zum Drucker
schickt File zum Drucker
listet Verzeichnis auf
legt Verzeichnis an
zeigt File bildschirmweise an
benennt File um
zeigt Arbeitsverzeichnis
löscht File
löscht leeres Verzeichnis
ruft Kommandointerpreter auf
sortiert File zeilenweise
Wer mit beiden Betriebssystemen arbeitet, möchte vielleicht auf beiden Systemen die häufigsten Kommandos beider Systeme zur Verfügung haben, um nicht ständig umdenken zu
müssen. Unter UNIX ist das mithilfe des link-Kommandos ln(1) mit geringem Aufwand zu
erreichen. Man linkt beispielsweise das MS-DOS-Kommando copy auf das UNIX-Kommando
cp(1), zweckmäßig im selben Verzeichnis: ln /bin/cp /bin/copy. Ein Alias leistet für
einen einzelnen Benutzer denselben Dienst und läßt sich auch für interne Kommandos einrichten.
Diese Möglichkeit gibt es unter MS-DOS nicht. Man kann nur ein Batch-File mit dem Namen des UNIX-Kommandos schreiben, das das MS-DOS-Kommando aufruft, beispielsweise
cp.bat:
@echo off
c:dos\copy %1 %2 /v
Seit MS-DOS 5.0 lassen sich mittels doskey auch Aliases einrichten. Es gibt außerdem von
vielen UNIX-Kommandos Ausführungen, die unter MS-DOS laufen, siehe Abschnitt ?? MKSTools und andere. Insbesondere gibt es den Editor vi(1) unter dem Namen vim und den
Archivierer tar(1) auch für DOS.
Umlenkungen (>, <) und Pipes (|) arbeiten unter beiden Betriebssystemen gleich.
33
H
Besondere UNIX-Kommandos
H.1
vi(1)
Kommando
esc
h
j
k
l
0
$
nG
G
n+
na
i
o
O
r
R
x
dd
ndd
nY
p
P
J
/abc
?abc
n
u
%
:read file
:w
:q
:wq
Wirkung
schaltet in Kommando-Modus um
Cursor nach links
Cursor nach unten
Cursor nach oben
Cursor nach rechts
Cursor an Zeilenanfang
Cursor an Zeilenende
Cursor in Zeile Nr. n
Cursor in letzte Zeile des Textes
Cursor n Zeilen vorwärts
Cursor n Zeilen rückwärts
schreibe anschließend an Cursor
schreibe vor Cursor
öffne neue Zeile unterhalb Cursor
öffne neue Zeile oberhalb Cursor
ersetze das Zeichen auf Cursor
ersetze Text ab Cursor
lösche das Zeichen auf Cursor
lösche Cursorzeile
lösche n Zeilen ab und samt Cursorzeile
übernimm n Zeilen in Zwischenspeicher
schreibe Zwischenpuffer unterhalb Cursorzeile
schreibe Zwischenpuffer oberhalb Cursorzeile
hänge nächste Zeile an laufende an
suche String abc nach Cursor
suche String abc vor Cursor
wiederhole Stringsuche
mache letztes Kommando ungültig (undo)
suche Gegenklammer (in Programmen)
lies file ein
schreibe Text zurück (write, save)
verlasse Editor ohne write (quit)
write und quit
Weitere vi-Kommandos im Referenz-Handbuch unter vi(1), in verschiedenen Hilfen im
Netz oder in dem Buch von M ORRIS I. B OLSKY.
H.2
emacs(1)
Der emacs(1) kennt keine Modi, die Kommandos werden durch besondere Tastenkombinationen erzeugt. control h, t bedeutet: zuerst die Tastenkombination control h eintippen, loslassen, dann t eintippen. Die Mächtigkeit des Emacs zeigt sich daran, daß nicht ein
Hilfefenster angeboten wird, sondern ein ganzes Tutorial.
Kommando
Wirkung
34
H.3. JOE(1)
35
emacs filename
control h, t
control h, i
control x, control s
control x, control x
Aufruf zum Editieren des Files filename
Tutorial
Manuals
Text speichern
Text speichern, Editor verlassen
Weitere emacs-Kommandos im Tutorial, im Referenz-Handbuch unter emacs(1), in verschiedenen Hilfen im Netz oder in dem Buch von D. C AMERON und B. R OSENBLATT.
H.3
joe(1)
Der joe(1) kennt keine Modi, die Kommandos werden durch besondere Tastenkombinationen erzeugt. control k, h bedeutet: zuerst die Tastenkombination control k eintippen,
loslassen, dann h eintippen.
Kommando
joe filename
control k, h
control k, x
control c
Wirkung
Aufruf zum Editieren des Files filename
Hilfe anzeigen
Text speichern, Editor verlassen
Editor ohne Speichern verlassen
Weitere joe-Kommandos im Hilfefenster, im Referenz-Handbuch unter joe(1) oder in verschiedenen Hilfen im Netz.
H.4
Drucken
In der UNIX-Welt gibt es mehrere Systeme aus Druckdämonen und -kommandos. Man muß
sich beim System-Manager erkundigen (oder experimentell ermitteln), welches Drucksystem
verwendet wird. In ihrer Funktionalität ähneln sich die Systeme, in Einzelheiten und der
Kommandosyntax unterscheiden sie sich.
Aufgabe
Druckauftrag geben
Druckauftrag löschen
Status abfragen
Spoolerdämon
H.5
System V
lp
cancel
lpstat
lpsched
BSD
lpr
lprm
lpq
lp
LPRng
lpr
lprm
lpq
lp
HPDPS
pdpr
pdrm, pdclean
pdq
(Spooler)
ftp(1)
Wenn man eine FTP-Verbindung zu einem Computer im Netz unterhält, stehen nur ftpKommandos für die Fileübertragung zur Verfügung, die mit den UNIX-Kommandos nichts
zu tun haben. Die wichtigsten von etwa 70 sind:
Kommando
ftp
open
user
pwd
cd
lcd
dir, ls
Wirkung
Beginn der FTP-Sitzung
Verbinden mit angegebener Adresse
Eingabe Benutzernamen
print working directory, wie UNIX
change directory, wie UNIX
change local directory
Verzeichnis auflisten
36
ANHANG H. BESONDERE UNIX-KOMMANDOS
ascii
binary
get
get README |more
put
mget
mput
prompt
rhelp
close
bye, quit
help
? cmd
in ASCII-Modus schalten (für ASCII-Texte)
in binären Modus schalten (für alle übrigen Files)
File vom Host holen
kurzes Textfile README on-line lesen
File zum Host schicken
multi-get, mehrere Files auf einmal holen
multi-put, mehrere Files auf einmal schicken
Abfragen bei mget und mput unterdrücken
Kommandos der Übertragung anzeigen
Verbindung (nicht Sitzung) beenden
Sitzung beenden
lokale Hilfe zu Kommandos anzeigen
Hilfe zum Kommando cmd anzeigen
I
UNIX-Dateisystem
I.1
Zugriffsrechte
• d Verzeichnis (directory),
• l weicher (symbolischer) Link,
• c Character Device File,
• b Block Device File,
• p Named Pipe (FIFO),
• n Network Device File,
• s an vorderster Stelle: Socket,
• - an vorderster Stelle: reguläre Datei, sonst gleichbedeutend mit nicht gesetztem Recht,
Zahlenwert 0,
• r lesen (read), kopieren, bei Verzeichnissen: mit ls(1) auflisten, Zahlenwert 4,
• w schreiben (write), ändern, bei Verzeichnissen Dateien anlegen oder löschen, Zahlenwert 2,
• x ausführen (execute, was nur bei Programmen sinnvoll ist), bei Verzeichnissen mit
cd(1) hinein- oder hindurchgehen (search), Zahlenwert 1,
• S bei den Besitzerrechten: Set-User-ID-Bit gesetzt, Zahlenwert 4, x nicht gesetzt,
• s bei den Besitzerrechten: Set-User-ID-Bit gesetzt, Zahlenwert 4, x gesetzt,
• S bei den Gruppenrechten: Set-Group-ID-Bit gesetzt, Zahlenwert 2, x nicht gesetzt,
• s bei den Gruppenrechten: Set-Group-ID-Bit gesetzt, Zahlenwert 2, x gesetzt,
• T Sticky Bit gesetzt, Zahlenwert 1, x nicht gesetzt,
• t Sticky Bit, Zahlenwert 1, und x gesetzt,
37
Rechte
000
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
750
640
755
644
664
775
777
1000
2000
4000
4600
4700
6750
4555
7555
Rechte
--------rwx-----rw------r-x-----r--------wx------w--------x-----rwxr-x--rw------rwxr-xr-x
rw-r--r-rw-rw-r-rwxrwxr-x
rwxrwxrwx
--------T
-----S----S-----rwS-----rws-----rwsr-x--r-sr-xr-x
r-sr-sr-t
Besitzer
Rechte ändern
alles
lesen + schreiben
lesen + ausführen
lesen
schreiben + ausführen
schreiben
ausführen
alles
lesen + schreiben
alles
lesen + schreiben
lesen + schreiben
alles
alles
nichts
nichts
nichts, suid-Bit
lesen + schreiben, suid-Bit
alles, suid-Bit
alles, suid-Bit
lesen + ausführen, suid-Bit
lesen + ausführen, suid-Bit
Gruppe
nichts
nichts
nichts
nichts
nichts
nichts
nichts
nichts
lesen + ausführen
lesen
lesen + ausführen
lesen
lesen + schreiben
alles
alles
nichts
nichts, sgid-Bit
nichts
nichts
nichts
lesen + ausführen, sgid-Bit
lesen + ausführen
lesen + ausführen, sgid-Bit
Rest der Welt
nichts
nichts
nichts
nichts
nichts
nichts
nichts
nichts
nichts
nichts
lesen + ausführen
lesen
lesen
lesen + ausführen
alles
nichts, Sticky Bit
nichts
nichts
nichts
nichts
nichts
lesen + ausführen
lesen + ausführen, Sticky Bit
Tab. I.1: Zugriffsrechte von Dateien und Verzeichnissen, Beispiele
38
ANHANG I. UNIX-DATEISYSTEM
I.2. KENNUNGEN
I.2
39
Kennungen
Unter UNIX ist es nicht gebräuchlich, den Typ eines Files durch ein Anhängsel (Kennung,
Erweiterung, Extension) an seinen Namen zu kennzeichnen, aber es ist erlaubt. Die Länge
der Kennung ist beliebig, es dürfen auch zwei Kennungen angefügt werden, zum Beispiel
.ps.gz. Folgende Kennungen (a = ASCII-Text, b = binäres File, ? = wechselnd oder unbekannt) sind verbreitet:
$$$
10X
a
acr
adf
adi
adn
afm
ai
ani
ans
app
arc
arj
art
asc
asm
atk
au
aux
avi
avs
bak
bas
bat
bbl
bck
bfx
bgi
bib
bif
bin
bit
bk
bld
bm
bmp
bnd
bob
bpx
bsc
bsv
btm
bw
byu
c
C
c64
cab
?
b
b
b
?
b
?
?
?
b
b
?
?
b
b
a
a
b
b
?
b
b
a
b
a
a
?
b
b
?
b
b
b
a
b
b
b
b
b
b
?
b
a
b
b
a
a
b
?
Temporäres File
Gemini 10X Printer Graphics
UNIX-Archiv, mit ar(1) erzeugt
ACR-NEMA Medical Image
Adapter Description (IBM)
AutoCAD DXF
Add In Utility (Lotus)
Adobe Font Metrics (Adobe)
Adobe Illustrator
Atari ST Graphics Format
ANSI-Grafik
Application (RBase, NeXT)
Archiv, mit arc oder pkpak komprimiert
Archiv, mit ??? komprimiert
First Publisher Clip Art
ASCII-Textfile
Assembler-Quelle
Andrew Toolkit Raster Object
Sound (Sun, NeXT)
TeX Hilfsfile, mit Bezügen
Microsoft RIFF
Intel DVI
Backup
BASIC-Quelle
Batchfile unter MS-DOS, entsprechend Shellscript
BIBTeX Literaturverzeichnis
Backup
Bitfax
Borland Graphic Interface
Bibliographie
Binary Image
binäres File
TeX Ausgabe des Druckertreibers
Backup (WordPerfect)
BASIC Bload Graphics
X11 Bitmap
Microsoft Bitmap Graphics (Windows, OS/2)
Microsoft RIFF
BOB Image
Lumena Paint
Boyan Script
BASIC Bsave Graphics
Batchfile unter 4DOS
SGI Image File Format
Movie BYU
C-Quelle
C++-Quelle
Commodore 64 Image
Microsoft Cabinet
40
cal
cap
cat
cbl
cc
cco
cdf
cdi
cdr
cdx
cel
cfg
cgm
chk
chm
cht
clp
cmd
cmi
cmu
cnc
cnf
cob
cod
com
cpi
cpp
cpt
crd
crf
csv
ctx
cube
cue
cur
cut
cvf
cxx
dat
db
dbf
dcf
dcs
dct
dcx
dd
ddif
def
dem
des
dhp
dib
dic
dif
dir
dll
doc
ANHANG I. UNIX-DATEISYSTEM
b
a
a
a
a
b
?
b
b
?
b
?
b
?
b
b
?
a
b
b
a
?
a
?
b
?
a
?
?
?
a
b
b
?
b
b
b
a
a
b
?
?
b
?
b
?
?
?
b
?
b
b
?
?
a
b
a
CAL Raster
Capture-File (Telix)
Catalogue, Verzeichnis
COBOL-Quelle
C++-Quelle
Btx-Grafik
Comma delimited format
Philips CD-I IFF
Corel Draw Vektorgrafik
Compound Index (FoxPro)
Lumena CEL
Konfigurations-File
Computer Graphics Metafile (Harvard Graphics, Lotus)
von chkdsk erzeugtes File (MS-DOS)
compilierte HTML-Datei
Harvard Graphics
Clipboard (Windows), Clip Art, GRASP
Command, Skript, Batchfile unter OS/2
Intel DVI
CMU Window Manager Bitmap
CNC-Programme
Konfigurations-File
COBOL-Quelle
Codeliste
Kommando (MS-DOS), ausführbares Programm
Code Page Information (MS-DOS)
C++-Quelle
Compact Pro (Kompressor Macintosh)
Cardfile
Cross Reference
Comma Separated Values
Signaturfile (PGP)
Cubicomp Picturemaker Image
Cuecard (Volltext-DB, Windows)
Microsoft Windows Cursor Image
Dr. Halo Bitmap
Compressed Volume
C++-Quelle
Daten
Datenbank (Paradox)
Datenbank (dBase)
Driver Configuration file
Quark Desktop Color Separation EPS
Dictionary
Fax-File
Disk Doubler
DEC DDIF
Definitionen, Defaultwerte
Demonstration
Description
Dr. Halo PIC
Microsoft Windows Bitmap, OS/2 Bitmap
Dictionary
Lotus Data Interchange Format
Directory, Verzeichnis
Dynamically Linked Library (OS/2, Windows)
Dokument, Text (MS Word)
I.2. KENNUNGEN
dok
dpx
drs
drv
drw
dta
dv
dvi
dvr
dxb
dxf
ega
eidi
el
elc
emf
eml
enc
eps
epsi
err
etx
exe
f
fax
fbc
fbk
fd
fif
fits
fli
fnt
fop
for
fpx
fs
ftm
ftw
fxs
g3
gem
gfb
gif
glo
go
goes
grib
gz
h
hex
hdf
hips
hpp
hqx
hta
htm
html
a
b
b
b
b
a
a
b
b
b
b
b
b
a
b
?
a
b
b
b
a
?
b
a
b
b
b
?
?
b
b
b
b
a
b
b
b
b
b
b
?
b
b
a
b
b
b
b
a
b
?
b
a
b
?
a
a
41
Dokument, Text
Cineon DPX
Driver Resource (WordPerfect)
Device Driver
Drawing
Daten
Desqview Scriptfile
Metafile von TeX, geräteunabhängig
Device Driver
Drawing Interchange Binary (AutoCAD)
Data Exchange Format (AutoCAD)
EGA-Grafik
Electric Image EIDI
Emacs Lisp
Emacs Lisp compiled
Enhanced Metafile Format
Electronic Mail
encoded
Adobe Encapsulated Postscript
Encapsulated Postscript Preview
Error, Fehlerprotokoll
Setext
executable, ausführbares Programm (MS-DOS)
FORTRAN-Quelle
G3 Fax
Family Tree Maker Backup for DOS
Family Tree Maker Backup for Windows
Font Description
Fractal Image Format
Flexible Image Transport System
EmTeX Fontlibrary
Font
Freedom of Press Graphics
FORTRAN-Quelle
Flash Pics Raster Image
Usenix Face Saver
Family Tree Maker for DOS
Family Tree Maker for Windows
Fax (Winfax)
G3 Fax
GEM Meta
Gifblast compressed GIF image
CompuServe Graphics Interchange Format
TeX Glossar
GraphOn Graphics
NOAA Satellite Data
Gridded Binary (WMO)
mit GNU gzip(1) komprimiert
Header-File , include-File
Hexdump
Hierarchical Data Format
Human Information Processing Laboratory
Header-File C++
Macintosh BinHex encoded
HTML-Anwendung
Hypertext-Markup-Language (DOS-Welt)
Hypertext-Markup-Language (UNIX-Welt)
42
i
iax
icc
ico
icr
idx
iff
ilbm
img
inf
ini
jar
jfi
jif
jpeg
jpg
js
jse
l
lan
lib
lj
lof
log
lot
lst
ltm
lzh
m4
mac
map
mak
mdb
mdf
mgr
mid
mif
miff
mod
mpeg
mpnt
msp
mtv
neo
nff
nitf
o
obj
old
omf
ovl
ovr
p
pak
pax
pbm
ANHANG I. UNIX-DATEISYSTEM
a
b
b
b
b
a
b
b
b
a
?
?
b
b
b
b
a
b
a
b
b
b
a
a
a
a
b
b
a
b
b
a
?
?
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
?
b
b
b
?
a
b
b
a
b
b
b
C-Quelle nach Präprozessor-Durchlauf
Image Access Executive
Kodak ICC Printer
Microsoft Windows Icon Image
NCSA Telnet Interactive Color Raster Graphic
Index
Sun Interchange File Format
Amiga Interleaved Bitmap
Image, GEM Paint, Rastergrafik/Bitmap
Information, Installationsskript
Konfigurationsfile (Initialisierung)
Java Archiv
JPEG File Interchange Format
JPEG Interchange Format
Joint Photographic Experts Group Compressed
Joint Photographic Experts Group Compressed
Javascript
Javascript kodiert
lex(1)-Quelle
Erdas
Library, Bibliothek
HP Laserjet Graphics
TeX Bildverzeichnis (list of figures)
Protokollfile, TeX Meldungen während der Übersetzung
TeX Tabellenverzeichnis (list of tables)
Liste
EOSAT’s Landsat Thematic Mapper Data
Archiv, mit lha komprimiert
m4(1)-Präprozessor
Macintosh Paint
Map-File (Quick C)
Makefile
Microsoft Data Base (Access)
Menu Definition
MGR Bitmap
Midi Sound
Maker Interchange Format (FrameMaker)
Magick Image File Format
MODULA-Quelle, Amiga-Modul (Sound)
Motion Pictures Expert Group (Filme)
Apple Macintosh MacPaint
Microsoft Windows Paint
MTV Raytracer
Atari NeoChrome Image
Neutral File Format
National Image Transmission
Objekt-Code
Objekt-Code
Kopie eines Files vor Überschreiben
Open Source Metadata Framework
Overlay
Overlay, Overview
PASCAL-Quelle
Archiv, mit pkpak komprimiert
Portable Archive Exchange
Portable Bitmap
I.2. KENNUNGEN
pcd
pcl
pct
pcx
pdf
pds
pi1
pic
pics
pict
pif
pit
pix
pj
pk
png
pnm
pov
pps
ppt
prn
prt
ps
psf
ptr
ptx
qdv
qfx
qrt
qtm
r
ras
rdi
reg
rff
rgb
riff
rix
rla
rlb
rle
rm
rpm
rtf
s
scan
scr
sdf
sea
sgi
sh
shar
shr
shtml
sir
sit
six
b
a
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
?
?
a
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
a
b
b
?
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
?
?
a
b
b
?
?
b
a
a
a
a
b
b
b
43
Kodak Photo Compact Disc
HP Printer Control Language
Macintosh PICT
Paintbrush, Rastergrafik
Adobe Portable Document Format
NASA Planetary Image, PDS/VICAR
Atari Degas
Lotus/Pixar/Radiance Picture, Softimage Image
Apple Macintosh PICS
Apple Macintosh QuickDraw
Program Information
PackIt (Kompressor Macintosh)
Inset PIX, Lumena Paint, Alias Image
HP PaintJet Graphics
Packed Format Font
Portable Network Graphics
PBM Portable Any Map
Persistance of Vision
Power Point Slide Show
Power Point
Druckerfile
Parallel Ray Trace
Postscript
Permanent Swap
OS/2 PTR File
Printronix Graphics
Random Dot QDV
Fax-File (Quicklink)
QRT Ray Tracer
QuickTime
Rational-FORTRAN-Quelle
SUN/CALS Raster Grafik
Microsoft RIFF
MS Windows Registry
Dore Raster File Format
SGI RGB Image
Letraset Image
Softworks Paint Tool Colorix
Wavefront Run Length Encoded Version A Raster Image
Wavefront Run Length Encoded Version B Raster Image
Utah Run Length Encoded Image
Real Media
Red Hat Package Manager
Rich Text Format
Assembler-Quelle
Thunderscan Image
Screensaver, SUN/CALS Raster Grafik
Space Delimited File
Self Extracting Archive (Macintosh)
SGI Image File Format
Bourne-Shell-Script
Bourne-Shell-Archiv
Shell-Archiv
Server Parsed HTML Document
Solitaire
Macintosh StuffIt Archive
DEC LN03+ Sixel
44
sld
spc
spl
spot
spu
src
stf
swf
swt
sys
tar
tdf
tdi
tex
tfm
tga
tgz
tif
tiff
tmp
toc
tpu
ttf
txt
tz
uil
uu
uud
uue
vbe
vbs
vcf
vdi
vi
viff
voc
vort
wav
web
wfx
wma
wmf
wpg
wps
wri
wsh
x
xbm
xim
xls
xos
xpm
xv
xwd
y
ybm
yuv
ANHANG I. UNIX-DATEISYSTEM
b
b
?
b
b
a
?
?
?
b
b
?
b
a
b
b
b
b
b
?
a
b
b
a
b
b
a
a
a
b
a
b
b
b
b
b
b
b
a
b
b
b
a
a
a
?
b
b
b
?
b
b
b
b
a
b
b
AutoCAD Slide
Atari Compressed Spectrum
Future Splash Player
SPOT Satellite Image
Atari Compressed Spectrum
Program Source Code
Structured File
Shockwave Flash
Shockwave Template
Treiber unter MS-DOS
tar(1)-Archiv
Trace/Typeface Definition
TDI Image
TeX- oder LaTeX-Quelltext
TeX-Font-Metrics
Truevision TARGA Image
.tar.gz, tar-Archiv, GNUzip komprimiert
Tag Image File Format (Scanner)
Tag Image File Format (Scanner)
temporäres File
Hilfsfile von TeX (table of contents)
Turbo Pascal Unit
TrueType Font
Textfile, lesbar
tar.Z, tar-Archiv, compress(1)-komprimiert
Motif UIL Icon
uuencoded File, ASCII, aber nicht lesbar
uuencoded File, ASCII, aber nicht lesbar
uuencoded File, ASCII, aber nicht lesbar
kodiertes Visual-Basic-Skript
Visual-Basic-skript
Visiting Card File
Digital Research GEM VDI
Jovian Logic Video Capture
Khoros Visualization Image
Creative Labs Sound
VORT Raytracer Image
Microsoft Windows Sound (RIFF)
WEB-Quelle
Fax-File (Winfax)
Windows Media Audio
Windows Metafile Format
WordPerfect Graphics Metafile
Microsoft Works Textfile
Windows Textfile
MS Windows Scripting Host Skript
SuperDisk Self-extracting Archive
X11 Bitmap
X11 Xim Toolkit
MS-Excel-Datei
Xaos Tools Image
X11 Pixmap
Khoros Visualization Image
X11 Dump Image
yacc(1)-Quelle
Face File
Abekas YUV
I.2. KENNUNGEN
Z
z
zinc
zip
zoo
b
b
b
b
b
45
mit compress(1) (UNIX) komprimiert
mit GNU gzip komprimiert (veraltet, besser gz)
Zinc Interface Library Icon
mit pkzip komprimiert
mit zoo komprimiert
Weitere Sammlungen von File-Kennungen finden sich im Netz unter:
http://www.extsearch.com/
http://www.stack.com/
http://filext.com/
http://www.namext.net/
http://home.t-online.de/home/her-herrmann/Prgkenn.html
Postscript- oder PDF-Files bestehen zwar aus ASCII-Zeichen und lassen sich auch editieren, sofern man die Sprache kennt, dürfen aber nur im binären Modus von FTP übertragen
werden, um keine Zeichen zu verändern.
J
UNIX-Systemaufrufe
Systemaufrufe werden vom Anwendungsprogramm wie eigene oder fremde Funktionen angesehen. Ihrem Ursprung nach sind es auch C-Funktionen. Sie sind jedoch nicht Bestandteil
einer Funktionsbibliothek, sondern gehören zum Betriebssystem und sind nicht durch andere Funktionen erweiterbar.
Die Systemaufrufe – als Bestandteil des Betriebssystems – sind für alle Programmiersprachen dieselben, während die Funktionsbibliotheken zur jeweiligen Programmiersprache
gehören. Folgende Systemaufrufe sind unter UNIX verfügbar:
access
acct
alarm
atexit
brk
chdir
chmod
chown
chroot
close
creat
dup
errno
exec
exit
fcntl
fork
fsctl
fsync
getaccess
getacl
getcontext
getdirentries
getgroups
gethostname
getitimer
getpid
gettimeofday
getuid
ioctl
kill
link
lockf
lseek
mkdir
mknod
mount
msgctl
nice
open
pause
pipe
prealloc
prüft Zugriff auf File
startet und stoppt Prozess Accounting
setzt Weckeruhr für Prozess
Funktion für Programmende
ändert Speicherzuweisung
wechselt Arbeitsverzeichnis
ändert Zugriffsrechte eines Files
ändert Besitzer eines Files
ändert Root-Verzeichnis
schließt einen File-Deskriptor
öffnet File, ordnet Deskriptor zu
dupliziert File-Deskriptor
Fehlervariable der Systemaufrufe
führt ein Programm aus
beendet einen Prozess
Filesteuerung
erzeugt einen neuen Prozess
liest Information aus File-System
schreibt File aus Arbeitsspeicher auf Platte
ermittelt Zugriffsrechte
ermittelt Zugriffsrechte
ermittelt Kontext eines Prozesses
ermittelt Verzeichnis-Einträge
ermittelt Gruppenrechte eines Prozesses
ermittelt Namen des Systems
setzt oder liest Intervall-Uhr
liest Prozess-ID
ermittelt Zeit
liest User-ID des aufrufenden Prozesses
I/O-Steuerung
schickt Signal an einen Prozess
linkt ein File
setzt Semaphore und Record-Sperren
bewegt Schreiblesezeiger in einem File
erzeugt Verzeichnis
erzeugt File
hängt File-System in File-Hierarchie ein
Interprozess-Kommunikation
ändert die Priorität eines Prozesses
öffnet File zum Lesen oder Schreiben
suspendiert Prozess bis zum Empfang eines Signals
erzeugt eine Pipe
reserviert Arbeitsspeicher
46
47
profil
read
readlink
rename
rmdir
rtprio
semctl
setgrp
setuid
signal
stat
statfs
symlink
sync
szsconf
time
times
truncate
umask
umount
unlink
ustat
utime
wait
write
ermittelt Zeiten bei der Ausführung eines Programmes
liest aus einem File
liest symbolisches Link
ändert Filenamen
löscht Verzeichnis
ändert Echtzeit-Priorität
Semaphore
setzt Gruppen-Zugriffsrechte eines Prozesses
setzt User-ID eines Prozesses
legt fest, was auf ein Signal hin zu tun ist
liest die Inode eines Files
liest Werte des File-Systems
erzeugt symbolischen Link
schreibt Puffer auf Platte
ermittelt Systemwerte
ermittelt die Systemzeit
ermittelt Zeitverbrauch eines Prozesses
schneidet File ab
setzt oder ermittelt Filezugriffsmaske
entfernt Filesystem aus File-Hierarchie
löscht File
liest Werte des File-Systems
setzt Zeitstempel eines Files
wartet auf Ende eines Kindprozesses
schreibt in ein File
Die Aufzählung kann durch weitere Systemaufrufe des jeweiligen Lieferanten des Betriebssystems (z. B. Hewlett-Packard) ergänzt werden. Diese erleichtern das Programmieren, verschlechtern aber die Portabilität. Zu den meisten Systemaufrufen mit get... gibt es ein
Gegenstück set..., das in einigen Fällen dem Superuser vorbehalten ist.
K
UNIX-Signale
Die Default-Reaktion eines Prozesses auf die meisten Signale ist seine Beendigung; sie können aber abgefangen und umdefiniert werden. Die Signale 09, 24 und 26 können nicht abgefangen werden. Die Bezeichnungen sind nicht ganz einheitlich. Weiteres unter signal(2),
signal(5) oder signal(7).
Name
Nr.
Bedeutung
SIGHUP
SIGINT
SIGQUIT
SIGILL
SIGTRAP
SIGABRT
SIGIOT
SIGEMT
SIGFPE
SIGKILL
SIGBUS
SIGSEGV
SIGSYS
SIGPIPE
SIGALRM
SIGTERM
SIGUSR1
SIGSTKFLT
SIGUSR2
SIGCHLD
SIGCLD
SIGPWR
SIGINFO
SIGVTALRM
SIGPROF
SIGIO
SIGPOLL
SIGWINDOW
SIGSTOP
SIGTSTP
SIGCONT
SIGTTIN
SIGTTOU
SIGURG
SIGLOST
SIGXCPU
SIGXFSZ
01
02
03
04
05
06
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
16
17
18
18
19
19
20
21
22
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
30
31
hangup
interrupt (meist Break-Taste)
quit
illegal instruction
trace trap
software generated abort
software generated signal
software generated signal
floating point exception
kill (sofortiger Selbstmord)
bus error
segmentation violation
bad argument to system call
write on a pipe with no one to read it
alarm clock
software termination (bitte Schluss machen)
user defined signal 1
stack fault on coprocessor
user defined signal 2
death of a child
= SIGCHLD
power fail
= SIGPWR
virtual timer alarm
profiling timer alarm
asynchronous I/O signal
= SIGIO
window change or mouse signal
stop
stop signal generated from keyboard
continue after stop
background read attempt from control terminal
background write attempt from control terminal
urgent data arrived on an I/O channel
NFS file lock lost
CPU time limit exceeded
file size limit exceeded
Die Nr. 0 wird nicht für ein Signal verwendet. Wird sie dem Shell-Kommando trap übergeben, so ist damit das Ende der Shell (exit) gemeint.
48
L
Videomodi des Linux-Kerns
Die dem VGA-Treiber im Linux-Kern bekannten Vidomodi werden durch Nummern bezeichnet, die sich aus den Nummern der VESA-Videomodi durch Addition von 0x200 (hexadezimal) ergeben. Mit der Angabe vga=791 in der GRUB-Konfigurationsdatei wird beispielsweise erreicht, dass der Kern den VGA-Treiber mit einer Auflösung von 1024 x 768 bei 16 Bit
Farbtiefe (65536 Farben) startet.
Tab. L.1: Einige Videomodi des Linux-Kerns
Modus, hex.
Modus, dez.
0x0300
0x0301
0x0303
0x0305
0x0307
0x030E
0x030F
0x0310
0x0311
0x0312
0x0313
0x0314
0x0315
0x0316
0x0317
0x0318
0x0319
0x031A
0x031B
0x031C
0x031D
0x031E
0x031F
0x0330
0x0331
0x0332
0x0333
0x0334
0x0335
0x0336
0x033D
0x033E
0x0345
0x0346
0x0347
0x0348
0x0352
768
769
771
773
775
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
829
830
837
838
839
840
850
Auflösung (Pixel)
640 x 400
640 x 480
800 x 600
1024 x 768
1280 x 1024
320 x 200
320 x 200
640 x 480
640 x 480
640 x 480
800 x 600
800 x 600
800 x 600
1024 x 768
1024 x 768
1024 x 768
1280 x 1024
1280 x 1024
1280 x 1024
1600 x 1200
1600 x 1200
1600 x 1200
1600 x 1200
320 x 200
320 x 400
320 x 400
320 x 400
320 x 240
320 x 240
320 x 240
640 x 400
640 x 400
1600 x 1200
1600 x 1200
1400 x 1050
1400 x 1050
2048 x 1536
49
Farbtiefe (Bits)
8
8
8
8
8
16
24
15
16
24
15
16
24
15
16
24
15
16
24
8
15
16
24
8
8
16
24
8
16
24
16
24
8
16
8
16
24
M
C-Lexikon
M.1
Schlüsselwörter
In C/C++ dürfen Schlüsselwörter keinesfalls als Namen verwendet werden. Laut ANSI verwendet C folgende Schlüsselwörter (Wortsymbole, keywords):
• Deklaratoren
– auto, Default-Speicherklasse (kann weggelassen werden)
– char, Zeichentyp
– const, Typattribut (neu in ANSI-C)
– double, Typ Gleitkommazahl doppelter Genauigkeit
– enum, Aufzählungstyp
– extern, Speicherklasse
– float, Typ Gleitkommazahl einfacher Genauigkeit
– int, Typ Ganzzahl einfacher Länge
– long, Typ Ganzzahl doppelter Länge
– register, Speicherklasse Registervariable
– short, Typ Ganzzahl halber Länge
– signed, Typzusatz zu Ganzzahl oder Zeichen
– static, Speicherklasse
– struct, Strukturtyp
– typedef, Definition eines benutzereigenen Typs
– union, Typ Union
– unsigned, Typzusatz zu Ganzzahl oder Zeichen
– void, leerer Typ
– volatile, Typattribut (neu in ANSI-C)
• Schleifen und Bedingungen (Kontrollanweisungen)
– break, Verlassen einer Schleife
– case, Fall einer Auswahl (switch)
– continue, Rücksprung vor eine Schleife
– default, Default-Fall einer Auswahl (switch)
– do, Beginn einer do-Schleife
– else, Alternative einer Verzweigung
– for, Beginn einer for-Schleife
– goto, unbedingter Sprung
– if, Bedingung oder Beginn einer Verzweigung
– switch, Beginn einer Auswahl
– while, Beginn einer while-Schleife
• Sonstige
– return, Rücksprung in die aufrufende Einheit
50
M.1. SCHLÜSSELWÖRTER
– sizeof, Bytebedarf eines Typs oder einer Variablen
In C++ kommen laut B JARNE S TROUSTRUP hinzu:
• catch, Ausnahmebehandlung
• class, Klassendeklaration
• delete, Löschen eines Objektes
• friend, Deklaration einer Funktion
• inline, inline-Funktion
• new, Erzeugen eines Objektes
• operator, Überladen von Operatoren
• private, Deklaration von Klassenmitgliedern
• protected, Deklaration von Klassenmitgliedern
• public, Deklaration von Klassenmitgliedern
• template, Deklaration eines Templates (Klasse)
• this, Pointer auf Objekt
• throw, Ausnahmebehandlung
• try, Ausnahmebehandlung
• virtual, Deklaration
Darüber hinaus verwenden einige Compiler weitere Schlüsselwörter:
• asm, Assembler-Aufruf innerhalb einer C- oder C++-Quelle
• bool, logischer oder boolescher Typ
• cdecl, Aufruf einer Funktion nach C-Konventionen
• const_cast, cast-Operator für const-Werte
• dynamic_cast, cast-Operator
• entry, (war in K&R-C für künftigen Gebrauch vorgesehen)
• explicit, Konstruktor-Vereinbarung
• export, Vereinbarung bei Klassen-Templates
• false, boolesche Konstante
• far, Typzusatz unter MS-DOS
• fortran, Aufruf einer Funktion nach FORTRAN-Konventionen
• huge, Typzusatz unter MS-DOS
• mutable, Typattribut
• namespace, Vereinbarung des Geltungsbereiches von Namen
• near, Typzusatz unter MS-DOS
• pascal, Aufruf einer Funktion nach PASCAL-Konventionen
• reinterpret_cast, cast-Operator
• static_cast, cast-Operator
• true, boolesche Konstante
• typeid, Operator zum Ermitteln des Typs
• typename, Alternative zum Schlüsselwort class
• using, Deklaration in Verbindung mit namespace
• wchar_t, Typ (wide character literal)
51
52
M.2
ANHANG M. C-LEXIKON
Operatoren
Die Operatoren von C/C++ sind im folgenden ihrem Vorrang nach geordnet, höchster Rang
(Bindungskraft) zuoberst. Alle Operatoren eines Abschnitts haben gleichen Rang. l bzw. r
bedeutet von links bzw. rechts her assoziativ. Ein unärer Operator verlangt einen Operanden,
ein binärer zwei und ein ternärer drei.
Operator
::
::
::
( )
[ ]
->
.
++
-typeid
const_cast
dynamic_cast
reinterpret_cast
static_cast
sizeof
++
-~
!
+
*
&
( )
new
delete
->*
.*
*
/
%
+
<<
>>
<
<=
>
>=
==
!=
&
^
|
&&
||
?:
=
A
r
l
l
l
l
l
l
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
r
unär
binär
binär
unär
unär
binär
binär
unär
unär
unär
binär
binär
binär
binär
unär
unär
unär
unär
unär
unär
unär
unär
unär
binär
unär
unär
binär
binär
binär
binär
binär
binär
binär
binär
binär
binär
binär
binär
binär
binär
binär
binär
binär
binär
binär
binär
ternär
binär
Bedeutung
Bezugsrahmen, global
Bezugsrahmen, Klasse
Bezugsrahmen, Namensraum
Klammerung, Funktion
Index
Auswahl
Auswahl
Postfix Inkrement
Postfix Dekrement
Typabfrage
Typumwandlung
Typumwandlung
Typumwandlung
Typumwandlung
Größenabfrage
Präfix Inkrement
Präfix Dekrement
bitweise Negation
logische Negation
negatives Vorzeichen
positives Vorzeichen
Dereferenzierung
Referenzierung
cast-Operator
dynamische Speicherbelegung
dynamische Speicherfreigabe
Auswahl
Auswahl
Multiplikation
Division
Modulus (Divisionsrest)
Addition
Subtraktion
bitweises Shiften links
bitweises Shiften rechts
kleiner als
kleiner gleich
größer als
größer gleich
Gleichheit
Ungleichheit
bitweises Und
bitweises exklusives Oder
bitweises Oder
logisches Und
logisches Oder
bedingte Bewertung
Zuweisung
M.3. STANDARDFUNKTIONEN
+=, -=, *=, /=
%=, >>=, <<=,
&=, |=, ^=
throw
,
M.3
r
53
binär
zusammengesetzte
Zuweisung
unär
Ausnahmebehandlung
Komma-Operator
l
Standardfunktionen
Folgende Standardfunktionen oder -makros sind gebräuchlich:
• Pufferbehandlung
– memchr, sucht Zeichen im Puffer
– memcmp, vergleicht Zeichen mit Pufferinhalt
– memcpy, kopiert Zeichen in Puffern
– memset, setzt Puffer auf bestimmtes Zeichen
• Zeichenbehandlung
– isalnum, prüft Zeichen, ob alphanumerisch
– isalpha, prüft Zeichen, ob Buchstabe
– iscntrl, prüft Zeichen, ob Kontrollzeichen
– isdigit, prüft Zeichen, ob Ziffer
– isgraph, prüft Zeichen, ob sichtbar
– islower, prüft Zeichen, ob Kleinbuchstabe
– isprint, prüft Zeichen, ob druckbar
– ispunct, prüft Zeichen, ob Satzzeichen
– isspace, prüft Zeichen, ob Whitespace
– isupper, prüft Zeichen. ob Großbuchstabe
– isxdigit, prüft Zeichen, ob hexadezimale Ziffer
– tolower, wandelt Großbuchstaben in Kleinbuchstaben um
– toupper, wandelt Kleinbuchstaben in Großbuchstaben um
• Datenumwandlung
– atof, wandelt String in double-Wert um
– atoi, wandelt String in int-Wert um
– atol, wandelt String in long-Wert um
– strtod, wandelt String in double-Wert um
– strtol, wandelt String in long-Wert um
– strtoul, wandelt String in unsigned long-Wert um
• Filebehandlung
– remove, löscht File
– rename, ändert Namen eines Files
• Ein- und Ausgabe
– clearerr, löscht Fehlermeldung eines Filepointers
– fclose, schließt Filepointer
– fflush, leert Puffer eines Filepointers
54
ANHANG M. C-LEXIKON
– fgetc, liest Zeichen von Filepointer
– fgetpos, ermittelt Stand des Lesezeigers
– fgets, liest String von Filepointer
– fopen, öffnet Filepointer
– fprintf, schreibt formatiert nach Filepointer
– fputc, schreibt Zeichen nach Filepointer
– fputs, schreibt String nach Filepointer
– fread, liest Bytes von Filepointer
– freopen, ersetzt geöffneten Filepointer
– fscanf, liest formatiert von Filepointer
– fseek, setzt Lesezeiger auf bestimmte Stelle
– fsetpos, setzt Lesezeiger auf bestimmte Stelle
– ftell, ermittelt Stellung des Lesezeigers
– fwrite, schreibt Bytes nach Filepointer
– getc, liest Zeichen von Filepointer
– getchar, liest Zeichen von stdin
– gets, liest String von Filepointer
– printf, schreibt formatiert nach stdout
– putc, schreibt Zeichen nach Filepointer
– putchar, schreibt Zeichen nach stdout
– puts, schreibt String nach Filepointer
– rewind, setzt Lesezeiger auf Fileanfang
– scanf, liest formatiert von stdin
– setbuf, ordnet einem Filepointer einen Puffer zu
– setvbuf, ordnet einem Filepointer einen Puffer zu
– sprintf, schreibt formatiert in einen String
– sscanf, liest formatiert aus einem String
– tempnam, erzeugt einen temporären Filenamen
– tmpfile, erzeugt ein temporäres File
– ungetc, schreibt letztes gelesenes Zeichen zurück
– vfprintf, schreibt formatiert aus einer Argumentenliste
– vprintf, schreibt formatiert aus einer Argumentenliste
– vsprintf, schreibt formatiert aus einer Argumentenlsite
• Mathematik
– acos, arcus cosinus
– asin, arcus sinus
– atan, arcus tangens
– atan2, arcus tangens, erweiterter Bereich
– ceil, kleinste Ganzzahl
– cos, cosinus
– cosh, cosinus hyperbolicus
– exp, Exponentialfunktion
– fabs, Absolutwert, Betrag
M.3. STANDARDFUNKTIONEN
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
55
floor, größte Ganzzahl
fmod, Divisionsrest
frexp, teilt Gleitkommazahl auf
ldexp, teilt Gleitkommazahl auf
log, Logarithmus naturalis
log10, dekadischer Logarithmus
modf, teilt Gleitkommazahl auf
pow, allgemeine Potenz
sin, sinus
sinh, sinus hyperbolicus
sqrt, positive Quadratwurzel
tan, tangens
tanh, tangens hyperbolicus
• Speicherzuweisung
–
–
–
–
calloc, allokiert Speicher für Array
free, gibt allokierten Speicher frei
malloc, allokiert Speicher
realloc, ändert Größe des allokierten Speichers
• Prozesssteuerung
–
–
–
–
–
–
abort, erzeugt SIGABRT-Signal
atexit, Funktionsaufruf bei Programmende
exit, Programmende
raise, sendet Signal
signal, legt Antwort auf Siganl fest
system, übergibt Argument an Kommandointerpreter
• Suchen und Sortieren
– bsearch, binäre Suche
– qsort, Quicksort
• Stringbehandlung
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
strcat, verkettet Strings
strchr, sucht Zeichen in String
strcmp, vergleicht Strings
strcpy, kopiert String
strcspn, sucht Teilstring
strerror, verweist auf Fehlermeldung
strlen, ermittelt Stringlänge
strncat, verkettet n Zeichen von Strings
strncmp, vergleicht n Zeichen von Strings
strncpy, kopiert n Zeichen eines Strings
strpbrk, sucht Zeichen in String
strrchr, sucht Zeichen in String
strspn, ermittelt Länge eines Teilstrings
strstr, sucht Zeichen in String
Dies sind alle Funktionen des ANSI-Vorschlags. Die meisten Compiler bieten darüberhinaus
eine Vielzahl weiterer Funktionen, die das Programmieren erleichtern, aber die Portabilität
verschlechtern.
56
ANHANG M. C-LEXIKON
M.4
printf(3), scanf(3)
printf(3) und scanf(3) sind die beiden Standardfunktionen zum Ein- und Ausgeben von
Daten. Wichtiger Unterschied: printf(3) erwartet Variable, scanf(3) Pointer. Die Formatbezeichner stimmen weitgehend überein:
Bezeichner
%c
%s
%d
%i
%u
%ld
%f
%e
%g
%o
%x
%p
%%
Typ
char
char *
int
int
unsigned
long
double
double
double
unsigned octal
unsigned hex
void *
-
Beispiel
a
Karlsruhe
-1234
-1234
1234
1234
12.34
1.234 E 1
12.34
2322
4d2
68ff32e4
%
Bedeutung
Zeichen
String
dezimale Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen
dezimale Ganzzahl mit Vorzeichen
dezimale Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen
dezimal Ganzzahl doppelter Länge
Gleitkommazahl mit Vorzeichen
Gleitkommazahl, Exponentialform
kurze Darstellung von %e oder %f
oktale Ganzzahl ohne Vorzeichen
hexadezimale Ganzzahl o. Vorzeichen
Pointer
Prozentzeichen
Weiteres im Referenz-Handbuch unter printf(3) oder scanf(3). Länge, Bündigkeit, Unterdrückung führender Nullen, Vorzeichenangabe können festgelegt werden.
M.5
Include-Dateien
Die Standard-Include-Dateien enthalten in lesbarer Form Definitionen von Konstanten und
Typen, Deklarationen von Funktionen und Makrodefinitionen. Sie werden von Systemaufrufen und Bibliotheksfunktionen benötigt. Bei der Beschreibung jeder Funktion im ReferenzHandbuch ist angegeben, welche Include-Dateien jeweils eingebunden werden müssen. Gebräuchliche Include-Dateien sind:
• ctype.h, Definition von Zeichenklassen (conv(3))
• curses.h, Bildschirmsteuerung (curses(3))
• errno.h, Fehlermeldungen des Systems (errno(2))
• fcntl.h, Steuerung des Dateizugriffs (fcntl(2), open(2))
• malloc.h, Speicherallokierung (malloc(3))
• math.h, mathematische Funktionen (log(3), sqrt(3), floor(3))
• memory.h, Speicherfunktionen (memory(3))
• search.h, Suchfunktionen (bsearch(3))
• signal.h, Signalbehandlung (signal(2))
• stdio.h, Ein- und Ausgabe (printf(3), scanf(3), fopen(3))
• string.h, Stringbehandlung (string(3))
• time.h, Zeitfunktionen (ctime(3))
• varargs.h, Argumentenliste variabler Länge (vprintf(3))
• sys/ioctl.h, Ein- und Ausgabe (ioctl(2))
• sys/stat.h, Zugriffsrechte (chmod(2), mkdir(2), stat(2))
• sys/types.h , verschiedene Deklarationen (chmod(2), getut(3))
Auch diese Liste ist vom Compiler und damit von der Hardware abhängig. So findet man die
include-Datei dos.h nicht auf UNIX-Anlagen, sondern nur bei Compilern unter MS-DOS für
PCs.
M.6. PRÄPROZESSOR-ANWEISUNGEN
M.6
57
Präprozessor-Anweisungen
Der erste Schritt beim Compilieren ist die Bearbeitung des Quelltextes durch den Präprozessor. Dieser entfernt den Kommentar und führt Ersetzungen und Einfügungen gemäß der
folgenden Anweisungen (directives) aus:
• #define buchstäbliche Ersetzung einer symbolischen Konstanten oder eines Makros.
Ist kein Ersatz angegeben, wird nur der Name als definiert angesehen (für #ifdef). Häufig.
• #undefine löscht die Definition eines Namens.
• #error führt zu einer Fehlermeldung des Präprozessors.
• #include zieht die angegebene Datei herein. Häufig.
• #if, #else, #elif, #endif falls Bedingung zutrifft, werden die nachfolgenden
Präprozessor-Anweisungen ausgeführt.
• #ifdef, #ifndef falls der angegebene Name definiert bzw. nicht definiert ist, werden
die nachfolgenden Präprozessor-Anweisungen ausgeführt.
• #line führt bei Fehlermeldungen zu einem Sprung auf die angegebenen Zeilennummer.
• #pragma veranlaßt den Präprozessor zu einer systemabhängigen Handlung.
N
Slang im Netz
Diese Sammlung von im Netz vorkommenden Slang-Abkürzungen ist ein Auszug aus der
Abklex-Liste:
http://www.ciw.uni-karlsruhe.de/abklex.html
mit rund 9000 Abkürzungen aus Informatik und Telekommunikation.
2L8
AAMOF
AFAIAA
AFAIC
AFAIK
AFAIKT
AFAIR
AFJ
AFK
AIMB
AISI
AIUI
AKA
AMBW
ANFSCD
APOL
ASAP
ATFSM
ATM
ATST
ATT
AWA
AWB
AWGTHTGTTA
AWHFY
AYOR
AYST
B4
B4N
BAK
BBL
BBR
BCNU
BFBI
BFI
BFMI
BFN
BG
BHOF
BION
BITD
BM
BNF
BNFSCD
BOF
Too Late
As A Matter Of Fact
As Far As I Am Aware
As Far As I am Concerned
As Far As I Know
As Far As I Know Today
As Far As I Remember
April Fool’s Joke
Away From Keyboard
As I Mentioned Before
As I See It
As I Understand It
Also Known As
All My Best Wishes
And Now For Something Completely Different
Alternate Person On Line
As Soon As Possible
Ask The Friendly System Manager
At The Moment
At The Same Time
At This Time
A While Ago
A While Back
Are We Going To Have To Go Through This Again?
Are We Having Fun Yet?
At Your Own Risc
Are You Still There?
Before
Bye For Now
Back At Keyboard
Be Back Later
Burnt Beyond Recognition
Be Seeing You
Brute Force and Bloody Ignorance
Brute Force and Ignorance
Brute Force and Massive Ignorance
Bye For Now
Big Grin
Bald Headed Old Fart
Believe It Or Not
Back In The Day
Byte Me
Big Name Fan
But Now For Something Completely Different
Birds Of a Feather
58
59
BOFS
BOT
BRB
BSF
BTA
BTAIM
BTC
BTDT
BTHOM
BTIC
BTK
BTSOOM
BTW
BYKT
CMH
CMIIW
CU
CU2
CUL
CYA
CYL
D+C
DAU
DHRVVF
DILLIGAS
DIY
DLTM
DSH
DUCWIC
DWIM
DWISNWID
DYHWIH
E2EG
EG
EMFBI
EOD
ESOSL
ETOL
F2F
FA
FAFWOA
FB
FCFS
FHS
FIAWOL
FISH
FITB
FITNR
FOAF
FTASB
FTL
FUBAR
FUBB
FUD
FWIW
FYA
GA
Birds Of a Feather Session
Back On Topic
Be Right Back
But Seriously Folks
But Then Again
Be That As It May
Biting The Carpet
Been There Done That
Beats The Hell Outta Me
But Then, I’am Crazy
Back To Keyboard
Beats The Shit Out Of Me
By The Way
But You Knew That
Cross My Heart
Correct Me If I’m Wrong
See You
See You, Too
See You Later
Cover Your Ass
See You Later
Duck + Cover
Dümmster Anzunehmender User
Ducking, Hiding and Running Very Very Fast
Do I Look Like I Give A Shit
Do It Yourself
Don’t Lie To Me
Desparately Seeking Help
Do You See Waht I See
Do What I Mean
Do What I Say Not What I Do
Do You Hear What I Hear
Ear To Ear Grin
Evil Grin
Excuse Me For Butting In
End Of Discussion
Endless Snorts Of Stupid Laughter
Evil Twin On Line
Face to Face
For Auction
For A Friend Without Access
Fine Business
First Come First Served
For Heaven’s Sake
Fandom Is A Way Of Life
First In, Still Here
Fill In The Blank
Fixed In The Next Release
Friend Of A Friend
Faster Than A Speeding Bullet
Faster Than Light
Fouled Up Beyond All Repair/Recognition
Fouled Up Beyond Belief
(spreading) Fear, Uncertainty, and Disinformation
For What It’s Worth
For Your Amusement
Go Ahead
60
GAFIA
GAL
GDR
GDRVVF
GFC
GIGO
GIWIST
GOK
GR+D
HAK
HAND
HGZH
HHOK
HHOS
HSIK
HTH
IAC
IAE
IANAL
IBC
IBTD
IC
IC
ICOCBW
ICQ
IDC
IDST
IDTS
IIRC
IITYWYBMAD
IIWM
ILLAB
IMAO
IMCO
IME
IMHO
IMI
IMNSCO
IMNSHO
IMO
IMOBO
INPO
IOW
IRAS
IRL
ISBT
ISTM
ISTR
IUTY
IWBNI
IYSWIM
ISWYM
JAM
JAUA
JIC
JJ
JSNM
ANHANG N. SLANG IM NETZ
Get Away From It All
Get A Life
Grinning, Ducking and Running
Grinning, Ducking and Running Very, Very Fast
Going for Coffee
Garbage In, Garbage/Gospel Out
Gee I Wish I’d Said That
God Only Knows
Grinning, Running + Ducking
Hugs And Kisses
Have A Nice Day
Hoffe Geholfen Zu Haben
Ha Ha Only Kidding
Ha Ha Only Serious
How Should I Know
Hope This/That Helps
In Any Case
In Any Event
I Am Not A Lawyer
Inadequate But Cute
I Beg To Differ
I See
In Characters
I Could, Of Course, Be Wrong
I Seek You
I Don’t Care
I Didn’t Say That
I Don’t Think So
If I Remember Correctly
If I Tell You Will You Buy Me Another Drink?
If It Were Me/Mine
Ich Liege Lachend Am Boden, vgl. ROTFL
In My Arrogant Opinion
In My Considered Opinion
In My Experience
In My Humble Opinion
I Mean It
In My Not So Considered Opinion
In My Not So Humble Opinion
In My Opinion
In My Own Biased Opinion
In No Particular Order
In Other Words
I Really Am Sorry
In Real Life
It’s Strange But True
It Seems To Me
I Seem To Remember
It’s Up To You
It Would Be Nice If
If You See What I Mean
I See What You Mean
Just A Minute
Just Another Useless Answer
Just In Case
Just Joking
Just Stark Naked Magic
61
KIBO
KWIM
LLP
LLTA
LMAO
LOL
LOL
LTNS
MDA
MHOTY
MNRE
MOTAS
MTFBWY
MUSEN
MYOB
NBD
NCNCNC
NFI
NFW
NIMBY
NLA
NLMB
NN
NRN
NSO
NTTAWWT
OAO
OATUS
OAUS
OBTW
OBO
OFAB
OIC
ONNA
ONNTA
OOC
OOP
OOTB
OOTC
OT
OTL
OTOH
OTTH
PDQ
PEBKAC
PFM
PITA
PMETC
PMFJIB
POV
PTO
RAEBNC
RL
ROFBTC
ROFL
ROFLASTC
ROFLMAO
Knowledge In, Bullshit Out
Know What I Mean?
Live Long and Prosper
Lots and Lots of Thundering Applause
Laughing My Ass Off
Laughing Out Loud
Lots Of Luck
Long Time No See
Merci d’avance
My Hat’s Off To You
Manual Not Read Error
Member Of The Appropriate Sex
May The Force Be With You
Meinem Unmassgeblichen Sprachempfinden Nach
Mind Your Own Business
No Big Deal
No Coffee, No Chocolate, No Computer
No Frigging Idea
No Fucking Way
Not In My Backyard
Not Long Ago
Nolifemuddinbastard
Nightmare Networker
No Reply Necessary
Nonvirtual Significant Other
Not That There’s Anything Wrong With That
Over And Out
On A Totally Unrelated Subject
On An Unrelated Subject
Oh, By The Way
Or Best Offer
Old Fart At Play
Oh, I See
Oh No, Not Again
Oh No, Not This Again
Out Of Characters
Out Of Print
Out Of The Box
Obligatory On-Topic Comment
Off Topic
Out To Lunch
On The Other Hand
On The Third Hand
Pretty Darned Quick
Problem Exists Between Keyboard And Chair
Pure Fantastic Magic
Pine In The Ass
Pardon Me, etc.
Pardon Me For Jumping In But
Point Of View
Please Turn Over
Read And Enjoyed, But No Comment
Real Life
Rolling On the Floor Biting The Carpet
Rolling On the Floor Laughing
Rolling On the Floor Laughing And Scaring The Cat
Rolling On The Floor Laughing My Ass Off
62
ROTFL
RSN
RTFAQ
RTFB
RTFF
RTFM
RTFS
RTM
RTWFQ
RUOK
RYS
SCNR
SEP
SFMJI
SIASL
SIMCA
SITD
SNAFU
TABYAS
TAFN
TANJ
TANSTAAFL
TARFU
TBH
TFTT
TGAL
TGIF
THWLAIAS
TIA
TIC
TINAR
TINWIS
TMTOWTDI
TNX
TOJ
TPTB
TRDMC
TSOHF
TTBOMK
TTFN
TTT
TTYL
TWIU
TYCLO
TYVM
UDP
UL
UTSL
VBG
VL
WAB
WAMKSAM
WDYMBT
WDYS
WHAK
WIBNI
WIMRE
ANHANG N. SLANG IM NETZ
Rolling On The Floor Laughing
Real Soon Now
Read The FAQ
Read The Funny Binary
Read The Fantastic FAQ
Read The Fine/Fantastic/Funny ... Manual
Read The Funny Source
Read The Manual
Read The Whole Fantastic Question
Are You Ok
Read Your Screen
Sorry, Could Not Resist
Somebody Else’s Problem
Sorry For My Jumping In
Stranger In A Strange Land
Sitting In My Chair Amused
Still In The Dark
Situation Normal All Fed/Fucked Up
Thinking All But You Are Stupid
That’s All For Now
There Ain’t No Justice
There Ain’t No Such Things As A Free Lunch
Things Are Really Fouled Up
To Be Honest
Thanks For The Thought
Think Globally, Act Locally
Thank God It’s Friday
The Hour Was Late, And I Am Senile
Thanks In Advance
Tongue In Cheek
This Is Not A Recommendation/Review
That Is Not What I Said
There’s More Than One Way To Do It
Thanks
Tears Of Joy
The Powers That Be
Tears Running Down My Cheeks
Total Sense Of Humour Failure
To The Best Of My Knowledge
Ta Ta For Now
That’s The Truth
Type/Talk To You Later
That’s What I Understand/Understood
Turn Your Caps Lock Off
Thank You Very Much
Usenet Death Penalty
Urban Legend
Use The Source, Luke
Very Big Grin
Virtual Life
What Another Bill
Why Are My Kids Staring At Me?
What Do You Mean By That
What Did You Say
With Hugs And Kisses
Would It Be Nice If
Wenn Ich Mich Recht Erinnere
63
WMRS
WOMBAT
WRT
WT
WTB
WTH
WTT
WTTM
WTTF
WWG
WYS
YKWIS
YMMV
YTTT
Write Me Real Soon
Waste Of Money, Brains, And Time
With Regard/Respect To
Without Thinking
Wanted To Buy
What The Heck/Hell
Wanted To Trade
Without Thinking Too Much
Want To Test First
Wieder Was Gelernt
Whatever You Say
You Know What I’m Saying
Your Mileage May Vary
You Telling The Truth
O
Beispiele LaTeX
O.1
Textbeispiel
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
(Kommentar) Erste Hilfe zum Arbeiten mit LaTeX
Das Prozentzeichen leitet Kommentar ein, gilt
bis Zeilenende. Um ein Prozentzeichen in den Text
einzugeben, muss man folglich einen Backslash
davor setzen. Dasselbe gilt fuer Dollar, Ampersand,
Doppelkreuz, Unterstrich und geschweifte
Klammern. Diese Zeichen kommen in Befehlen vor.
Format: LaTeX
\NeedsTeXFormat{LaTeX2e}
% Die meisten Befehle beginnen mit einem Backslash.
%
% Es gibt die Klassen Buch, Bericht (Report), Artikel,
% Brief, Folien und weitere. Bericht und Artikel
% sind die wichtigsten.
% Je nach Font und Schriftgroesse Zeilen auskommentieren!
%
% 12 Punkte, doppelseitig, Times Roman (wie Buch)
% \documentclass[12pt,twoside,a4paper]{article}
% \usepackage{german}
% \unitlength1.0mm
%
% 12 Punkte, einseitig, New Century Schoolbook
\documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article}
\usepackage{german,newcent,verbatim}
\unitlength1.0mm
% Der Befehl \sloppy weist LaTeX an, mit den
% Wortabstaenden nicht zu kleinlich zu sein.
\sloppy
% Trennhilfe (Liste von Ausnahmen)
\input{hyphen}
% Satzspiegel vergroessern:
\topmargin-24mm
\textwidth180mm
\textheight240mm
% zusaetzlicher Seitenrand fuer beidseitigen Druck:
\oddsidemargin-10mm
64
O.1. TEXTBEISPIEL
\evensidemargin-10mm
% Jetzt kommt der erste Text: Titel, Autor und Datum
\title{Erste Hilfe beim Arbeiten mit LaTeX}
\author{W. Alex}
\date{\today}
% Hier beginnt das eigentliche Dokument
\begin{document}
% Befehl zum Erzeugen des Titels
\maketitle
% Nun kommt der erste Abschnitt (section).
% Die Ueberschrift steht in geschweiften Klammern.
% Es gibt auch Unterabschnitte.
\section{Zweck}
LATeX ist ein {\em Satzsystem}. Mit seiner Hilfe
lassen sich Texte zur Ausgabe auf Papier formatieren,
vorzugsweise zur Ausgabe mittels eines Laserdruckers.
Es gibt Hilfsprogramme zur Anfertigung von Zeichnungen.
Ferner ist es m"oglich, beliebige Postscript-Abbildungen
einzubinden, also auch Fotos.
LaTeX ist eine Makro-Sammlung von {\sc Leslie Lamport},
die auf dem TeX-System von {\sc Donald Knuth} aufbaut.
TeX und LaTex sind frei verf"ugbar, in Deutschland zum
Beispiel bei der Universit"at Heidelberg (Dante e. V.).
\section{Aufbau des Textfiles}
Schreiben Sie Ihr Textfile mit einem beliebigen Editor,
beispielsweise mit dem \verb+vi+, \verb+emacs+ oder
\verb+joe+. Ein Textfile hat folgenden Aufbau:
% Hier ein woertlich auszugebender Text
\begin{verbatim}
% Kommentar (optional)
\documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article}
\usepackage{german,verbatim}
\begin{document}
Text
\end{document}
\end{verbatim}
Schreiben Sie den Text ohne Worttrennungen und ohne
Numerierungen. Zeilenwechsel haben keine Bedeutung
f"ur LaTeX, bevorzugen Sie kurze Zeilen. Abs"atze
werden durch Leerzeilen markiert.
Die deutschen Umlaute werden als G"ansef"u\3chen mit
65
66
ANHANG O. BEISPIELE LATEX
folgendem Grundlaut geschrieben, das \3 als Backslash
mit folgender Ziffer 3. Es gibt weitere M"oglichkeiten,
auch f"ur die Sonderzeichen anderer Sprachen.
\section{Mathematische Formeln}
Eine St"arke von LaTeX ist die Darstellung
mathematischer Formeln. Hier drei nicht ganz
einfache Beispiele:
\boldmath
\begin{equation}
c = \sqrt{a^{2} + {b}^2}
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
\oint \vec E\:d\vec s = - \frac {\,\partial}{\partial t}
\int \vec B \:d\vec A
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
\frac{1}{2 \pi j} \int\limits_{x-j\infty}^{x+j\infty}
e^{ts} \:f(s)\:ds =
\left\{\begin{array}{r@{\quad \mbox{f"ur} \quad}l}
0 & t < 0\\
F(t) & t > 0
\end{array} \right.
\end{equation}
\unboldmath
\section{Schriftgr"o\3en}
Ausgehend von der Grundgr"o\3e lassen sich f"ur
einzelne Zeilen oder Abschnitte die Schriftgr"o\3en
verkleinern oder vergr"o\3ern:
{\tiny Diese Schrift ist winzig (tiny).}
{\scriptsize Diese ist sehr klein (scriptsize).}
{\footnotesize F"ur Fu\3noten (footnotesize).}
{\small Diese Schrift ist klein (small).}
{\normalsize Diese Schrift ist normal.}
{\large Jetzt wirds gr"o\3er (large).}
{\Large Jetzt wirds noch gr"o\3er (Large).}
{\LARGE Noch gr"o\3er (LARGE).}
{\huge Riesige Schrift (huge).}
{\Huge Gigantisch (Huge).} \\
O.2. GELATEXTE FORMELN
67
\noindent
Formeln lassen sich nicht vergr"o\3ern oder
verkleinern. Zur"uck zur Normalgr"o\3e. Diese
betr"agt auf DIN A4 am besten 12 Punkte.
10 oder 11 Punkte sind auch m"oglich, aber schon
etwas unbequem zu lesen. Weiterhin kann man "uber
die Schriftart die Lesbarkeit beeinflussen.
Standard ist die Times Roman, eine gut lesbare,
platzsparende Schrift. Soll es etwas deutlicher
sein, so ist die New Century Schoolbook zu
empfehlen, die rund 10 \% mehr Platz beansprucht.
\section{Arbeitsg"ange}
Die Reihenfolge der einzelnen Schritte ist folgende:
% Aufzaehlungen sind kein Problem, wie man sieht.
\begin{itemize}
\item mit einem Editor das File \verb+abc.tex+ schreiben,
\item mit \verb+latex abc+ das File formatieren,
\item mit \verb+latex abc+ Referenzen einsetzen,
\item mit \verb+xdvi abc+ den formatierten Text anschauen,
\item mit \verb+dvips -o abc.ps abc+ das Postscript-File
erzeugen,
\item mit \verb+lp -dlp4 abc.ps+ das Postscript-File
zum Drucker schicken.
\end{itemize}
LaTeX erzeugt dabei einige Zwischen- und Hilfsfiles.
\section{Literatur}
\begin{enumerate}
\item L. Lamport, LaTeX: A Document Preparation System\\
Addison-Wesley, 1986
\item H. Kopka, LaTeX - Eine Einf"uhrung\\
Addison-Wesley, 1988
\item H. Partl, E. Schlegl, I. Hyna:
LaTeX-Kurz\-be\-schrei\-bung\\
EDV-Zentrum der TU Wien
\end{enumerate}
% Nun kommt das Ende des Dokuments:
\end{document}
O.2
Gelatexte Formeln
c=
√
3
p
1+x≈1+
r=
a2 + b2
x
3
r
3
für
3
V
4π
(O.1)
x1
(O.2)
(O.3)
68
ANHANG O. BEISPIELE LATEX
lim
x→0
a=
sin x
=1
x
F0
q
k
(1 −
mẍ + cẋ + kx =
(O.4)
1
Ω2 2
)
ω02
X
(O.5)
+ ( Ωkc )2
(O.6)
Fk cos Ωk t
k
dϕ
d2 ϕ
~
+ k∗
+ D∗ ϕ = |D|
2
dt
dt
(O.7)
1 N − 1 00
f (x̄) s2x
2 N
(O.8)
ΓmM
ΓmM
F~Γ = − 2 e~r = − 3 ~r
r
r
(O.9)
Θ
Ȳ ≈ f (x̄) +
Arbeit =
lim
X
∆ri →0
F~i ∆~ri
~
r (t)
Z
F~ (~r ) d~r
=
(O.10)
~
r0

X
Y

j≥0


ajk z k  =
X

zn 
n≥0
k≥0

X

a0ko a1k1 . . .
(O.11)
h0 ,k1 ...≥0
k0 +k1 +···=0


x − xs
~x =  y − ys 
z − zs
(O.12)
 ab
 cd
Ψ=

<z

e+f
g − h 

ij 
kl h̄ω
h̄
dEω = V 2 3 ω 3 · e− T · dω
π c
I
Z
~ d~s = − ∂
~ dA
~
E
B
∂t
1
2πj
x+j∞
Z
ets f (s) ds =
0 für
F (t) für
(O.13)1
(O.14)
(O.15)
t<0
t>0
(O.16)
x−j∞
n+1
n
n
=
+
k
k
k−1
∀x ∈ R :
1
x2 ≥ 0
(O.17)
(O.18)
Fette Griechen gibt es nur als Großbuchstaben. Die Erzeugung dieser Fußnote war übrigens nicht einfach.
O.2. GELATEXTE FORMELN
69
∀x, y, z ∈ M :
(xRy ∧ xRz) ⇒ y = z
(O.19)
A · B = Ā + B̄
∂ p̄
∂
∂v̄j
=−
+
ρ · v̄k ·
∂xk
∂xj
∂xk
r0 = q
(O.20)
∂v̄j
µ
− ρ vk0 vj0
∂xk
v10 v20
q
v¯102 v¯202
τtur = ρl2 |
(O.22)
∂ v¯1 ∂ v¯1
|
∂x2 ∂x2
(O.23)
1
(Vr − Ṙ) + RΦ̇2
Ψ
1
1
=
(Vϕ − RΦ̇) − 2ṘΦ̇
Ψ
R
1
=
(VZ − Ż)
Ψ
R̈
(O.21)
=
Φ̈
Z̈
(O.24)
k
χ̂2 =
n(n − 1) X (Bi − Ei )2
> χ2k−1;α
B(n − B) i=1
ni
V (r, ϑ, ϕ) =
∞
X
l=0
l
4π X
Yl,m ϑ, ϕ)
ql,m
2l + 1
rl+1







~q = 






ql00 ,m0 =
o
∞ X
X
q0,0
q1,1
q1,0
q1,−1
q2,2
q2,1
q2,0
q2,−1
q2,−2














no,p qo,p (∇)l0 +o,m0 −p;o,p
0
ql,m = −ql,m
R2l+1
∞
X
l=0
=
(O.26)
m=−l
o=0 p=−o
∇±1
(O.25)
(O.27)
Yl0 +o,m0 −p (ϑa , ϕa )
al0 +o+1
l(i − a )
l(a + i ) + a
(O.28)
(O.29)
q~0 1,1 = q~0 1,0 + I2,1 q~0 2,0
(O.30)
q~0 2,1 = q~0 2,0 + I1,2 q~0 1,0
(O.31)
l
X
4π
Yl,m (ϑ, ϕ)
ql,m
2l + 1
rl+1
∞
X
l=0
m=−l
l
X
4π
Yl+1,m±1 (ϑ, ϕ)
(∇˜±1 )l,m ql,m
2l + 1
rl+2
m=−l
(O.32)
70
ANHANG O. BEISPIELE LATEX
123
z }| {
a + b + · · · + y +z
{z
}
|
αβγ
Lange Formeln muß man selbst in Zeilen auflösen:
w+x+y+z =
a+b+c+d+e+f +
(O.33)
g+h+i+j+k+l

N+1














=













0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
˜ + )0,0
(∇
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
˜
0
(∇+ )1,1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
˜ + )1,0
0
0
(∇
0
0
0
0
0
0
˜ + )1,−1
0
0
0
(∇
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
˜ + )2,2
0
0
0
0
(∇
0
0
0
0
˜ + )2,1
0
0
0
0
0
(∇
0
0
0
˜
0
0
0
0
0
0
(∇+ )2,0
0
0
˜ + )2,−1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
(∇
0
˜ + )2,−2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
(∇
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0





























Wie man an Gleichung (O.24) auf Seite 69 sieht, muß man erforderlichenfalls bei einem
Gleichungssystem (eqnarray) mittels des Kommandos \nonumber dafür sorgen, daß es nur
eine einzige, gemeinsame Nummer erhält. Zugleich ist dies hier ein Beispiel für einen Bezug
auf eine Gleichung.
O.3
Formeln im Quelltext
\begin{equation}
c = \sqrt{a^{2} + b^{2}}
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
\sqrt[3]{1 + x} \approx 1 + \frac{x}{3}
\qquad \mbox{f"ur} \quad x \ll 1
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
r = \root 3 \of {\frac{3}{4\pi} V}
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
\lim_{x \to 0} \frac{\sin x}{x} = 1
\end{equation}
O.3. FORMELN IM QUELLTEXT
\begin{equation}
a = \frac{F_0}{k}\:\frac{1}{\sqrt{(1 - \frac{\Omega^2}
{\omega_0^2})^2 + (\frac{\Omega_c}{k})^2}}
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
m\ddot x + c\dot x + kx = \sum_k F_k \cos \Omega_k t
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
\Theta \frac{d^2 \varphi}{dt^2} + k^\ast \frac{d \varphi}{dt}
+ D^\ast \varphi = | \vec D |
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
\bar{Y} \approx f(\bar x) + \frac{1}{2}\, \frac{N - 1}{N}
\,f’’(\bar{x})\,s_x^2
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
\vec{F_\Gamma} = - \frac{\Gamma m M}{r^2} \vec{e_r} =
- \frac{\Gamma m M}{r^3} \vec{r}
\end{equation}
\begin{eqnarray}
\mbox{Arbeit} & = & \lim_{\Delta r_i \to 0} \sum
{\vec F_i \Delta \vec r_i}\nonumber \\
& = & \int\limits_{\vec r_0}^{\vec r(t)}
{\vec F(\vec r\,)\:d\vec r}
\end{eqnarray}
\begin{equation}
\prod_{j\ge0}\left( \sum_{k\ge0} a_{jk}z^k \right) =
\sum_{n \ge0} z^n \left(\sum_{h_0,k_1\ldots\ge0
\atop k_0+k_1+\cdots=0}
a_{0k_o} a_{1k_1}\ldots \right)
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
\vec x =
\left( \begin{array}{c}
x - x_s \\
y - y_s \\
z - z_s \\
\end{array} \right)
\end{equation}
\begin{minipage}{120mm}
\begin{displaymath}
{\bf\Psi} = \left( \begin{array}{cc}
\displaystyle{ab \choose cd}
& \displaystyle \frac{e+f}{g-h} \\
\Re z & \displaystyle \left| {ij \atop kl} \right|
\end{array} \right)
\end{displaymath}
\end{minipage}
\stepcounter{equation}
71
72
ANHANG O. BEISPIELE LATEX
\hspace*{\fill} (\theequation)\makebox[0pt][l]{\footnotemark}
\footnotetext{Fette Griechen gibt es nur als Gro\3buchstaben.
Die Erzeugung dieser Fu\3note war "ubrigens nicht einfach.}
\vspace{1mm}
\begin{equation}
dE_\omega = V \frac{\hbar}{\pi^2 c^3}\omega^3 \cdot
e ^{-\frac{\hbar \omega} {T}} \cdot d\omega
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
\oint \vec E\:d\vec s = - \frac {\,\partial}{\partial t}
\int \vec B \:d\vec A
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
\frac{1}{2 \pi j} \int\limits_{x-j\infty}^{x+j\infty}
e^{ts} \:f(s)\:ds =
\left\{\begin{array}{r@{\quad \mbox{f"ur} \quad}l}
0 & t < 0\\
F(t) & t > 0
\end{array} \right.
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
{n+1 \choose k} = {n \choose k} + {n \choose k-1}
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
\mbox{
\fbox{\parbox{60mm}{\begin{displaymath}
\forall x \in {\rm R}: \qquad x^2 \geq 0
\end{displaymath}}}}
\end{equation}
\vspace{1mm}
\begin{equation}
\forall x,y,z \in {\rm M}: \qquad (xRy \wedge xRz)
\Rightarrow y = z
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
A \cdot B = \overline{\bar A + \bar B}
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
\rho \cdot \bar{v}_k \cdot \frac{\partial \bar{v}_j}
{\partial{x}_k} = - \frac{\partial \bar{p}}
{\partial x_j} + \frac{\partial}{\partial x_k}
\left( \mu \frac{\partial \bar{v}_j}{\partial x_k}
- \rho\:\overline{v’_k v’_j} \right)
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
r’ = \frac{\overline{v’_1 v’_2}}{\sqrt{\bar{v’^2_1}}
\: \sqrt{\bar{v’^2_2}}}
\end{equation}
O.3. FORMELN IM QUELLTEXT
\begin{equation}
\tau_{tur} = \rho l^2 \; | \frac{\partial \bar{v_1}}
{\partial x_2} | \; \frac{\partial \bar{v_1}}{\partial x_2}
\end{equation}
\begin{eqnarray}
\label{formel}
\ddot R & = & \frac{1}{\Psi} ( V_r - \dot R)
+ R {\dot \Phi}^2 \nonumber\\
\ddot \Phi & = & \big\lbrack \frac{1}{\Psi}
(V_\varphi - R \dot \Phi )
- 2 \dot R \dot \Phi \big\rbrack \frac{1}{R} \\
\ddot Z & = & \frac{1}{\Psi}(V_Z-\dot Z) \nonumber\\
\nonumber
\end{eqnarray}
\begin{equation}
{\hat\chi}^2 = \frac{n(n-1)}{B(n-B)} \sum_{i=1}^k
\frac{(B_i - E_i)^2}{n_i} > \chi_{k-1;\alpha}^2
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
V(r,\vartheta,\varphi)=\sum\limits_{l=0}^\infty
\frac{4\pi}{2l+1}
\sum\limits_{m=-l}^l \, q_{l,m} \frac{Y_{l,m}
\vartheta,\varphi)}{r^{l+1}}
\end{equation}
\begin{eqnarray}
\vec{q}= \left(\begin{array}{c}
q_{0,0}\\
q_{1,1}\\q_{1,0}\\q_{1,-1}\\
q_{2,2}\\q_{2,1}\\q_{2,0}\\q_{2,-1}\\q_{2,-2}\\
\end{array} \right)
\end{eqnarray}
\begin{equation}
q’_{l’,m’}=\sum\limits_{o=0}^\infty\sum\limits_{p=-o}^o
n_{o,p} \; q_{o,p} \; (\nabla)_{l’+o,m’-p;o,p} \,
\frac{Y_{l’+o,m’-p}(\vartheta_a,\varphi_a)}{a^{l’+o+1}}
\end{equation}
\begin{equation}
q_{l,m}= -q’_{l,m} R^{2l+1} \,
\frac{l(\epsilon_i-\epsilon_a)}
{l(\epsilon_a+\epsilon_i)+\epsilon_a}
\end{equation}
\begin{eqnarray}
\vec{q’}_{1,1}=\vec{q’}_{1,0}+I_{2,1} \; \vec{q’}_{2,0}\\[0.3cm]
\vec{q’}_{2,1}=\vec{q’}_{2,0}+I_{1,2} \; \vec{q’}_{1,0}
\end{eqnarray}
\begin{eqnarray}
\lefteqn{\nabla_{\pm 1} \sum\limits_{l=0}^{\infty}
\frac{4\pi}{2l+1} \,
73
74
ANHANG O. BEISPIELE LATEX
\sum\limits_{m=-l}^{l} \: q_{l,m} \: \frac{Y_{l,m}
(\vartheta,\varphi)}{r^{l+1}}}
\nonumber \\[0.3cm]
&&=\sum\limits_{l=0}^{\infty}\frac{4\pi}{2l+1} \,
\sum\limits_{m=-l}^{l} \: (\tilde{\nabla_{\pm 1}})_{l,m}
\, q_{l,m} \:
\frac{Y_{l+1,m \pm 1}(\vartheta,\varphi)}{r^{l+2}}
\end{eqnarray}
\[ \underbrace{a + \overbrace{b + \cdots + y}^{123}
+ z}_{\alpha\beta\gamma}
\]
Lange Formeln mu\3
\begin{eqnarray}
\lefteqn{w + x + y
& & a + b + c +
& & g + h + i +
\end{eqnarray}
man selbst in Zeilen aufl"osen:
+ z = } \hspace{1cm} \nonumber\\
d + e + f + \\
j + k + l \nonumber
\begin{eqnarray*}
N_{+1}=\left(\begin{array}{*{8}{c@{\;}}c}
0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0\\
(\tilde{\nabla}_{+})_{0,0} & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0\\
0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0\\
0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0\\
0 & (\tilde{\nabla}_{+})_{1,1} & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0\\
0 & 0 & (\tilde{\nabla}_{+})_{1,0} & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0\\
0 & 0 & 0 & (\tilde{\nabla}_{+})_{1,-1} & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0\\
0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0\\
0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0\\
0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & (\tilde{\nabla}_{+})_{2,2} & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0\\
0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & (\tilde{\nabla}_{+})_{2,1} & 0 & 0 & 0\\
0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & (\tilde{\nabla}_{+})_{2,0} & 0 & 0\\
0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & (\tilde{\nabla}_{+})_{2,-1} & 0\\
0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & (\tilde{\nabla}_{+})_{2,-2}\\
0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0\\
0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0\\
\end{array}\right)
\end{eqnarray*}
\vspace{8mm}
Wie man an Gleichung (\ref{formel}) auf Seite \pageref{formel}
sieht, mu\3 man erforderlichenfalls bei einem Gleichungssystem
({\tt eqnarray}) mittels des Kommandos \verb+\nonumber+ daf"ur
sorgen, da\3 es nur eine einzige, gemeinsame Nummer erh"alt.
Zugleich ist dies hier ein Beispiel f"ur einen Bezug auf eine
Gleichung.
P
Spezielle Sprachen
P.1
Hayes-Modem-Kommandos
Die Firma Hayes stellt Modems her und hat für diese einen Satz von Kommandos geschaffen, der sich weltweit durchgesetzt hat. Die meisten Modems verstehen eine Übermenge des
Standard-Befehlssatzes von Hayes. Da diese Kommandos (mit einer Ausnahme) mit at (=
attention please) beginnen, werden sie auch als at-Kommandos bezeichnet. Es dürfen Großoder Kleinbuchstaben verwendet werden, jedoch nicht gemischt.
ata
atb0
atb1
atc
atd
ate
atf
ath
ati
atl
atm
atn
ato
atp
atq
atsn=r
atsn?
att
atv
atw
atx
aty
atz
at&b
at&c
at&d
at&f
at&g
at&j
at&k
at&l
at&o
at&q
at&r
at&s
at&t
at&u
at&v
at&w
at&x
at&y
at&z
Answer Command
Select CCITT Communication Standard
Select USA/Canada Communication Standard
Carrier Control Selection
Dial Command
Command State Character Echo Selection
On-line State Character Echo Selection
Hook Command Options
Internal Memory Tests
Speaker Volume Level Selection
Speaker On/Off Selection
Negotiation of Handshake Options
On-line Command
Select Pulse Dialing Method
Result Code Display Options
Write to S-Register n
Read from S-Register n
Select Tone Dialing Method
Result Code Format Options
Negotiation Progress Message Selection
Call Progress Options
Long Space Disconnect Options
Soft Reset
V.32 Auto Retrain Options
Data Carrier Detect Options
Data Terminal Ready Options
Recall Factory Profile
Guard Tone Selection
Jack Type Selection
Local Flow Control Options
Line Type Selection
PAD Channel Selection
Communications Mode Options
RTS/CTS Options
Data Set Ready Options
Test Options
Trellis Coding Options
View Configuration Profiles
Write Active Profile to Memory
Synchronous Transmit Clock Source
Select Stored Profile for Hard Reset
Store Telephone Number
75
76
ANHANG P. SPEZIELLE SPRACHEN
Mehrere Kommandos dürfen zu einer Zeile vereinigt werden, wobei der at-Vorspann nur
einmal zu Beginn erforderlich ist. Mit RETURN wird das Kommando beendet und die Ausführung veranlaßt. Um im transparenten Modus (das heißt während des Übertragens) in
den Befehlsmodus zu schalten, ohne die Verbindung abzubrechen, ist das Kommando +++
gefolgt von einer Pause von mindestens 1 sec zu geben. Eine für Deutschland verwendbare
Startsequenz lautet:
ATZ
AT S7=45 S0=0 V1 X3
ATDP 0721,38340
Die erste Zeile sorgt für ein Reset, dann wird das Register S7 auf 45 Sekunden gesetzt. Falls
das Modem innerhalb dieser Zeit nach dem Wählvorgang keine Antwort bekommt, legt es
wieder auf. Der Wert 0 im Register S0 bewirkt, daß das Modem ankommende Anrufe nicht
beantwortet, also nur für abgehende Verbindungen eingerichtet ist. Das Kommando V1 teilt
dem Modem mit, Statusmeldungen (result codes) in Wortform, nicht als Zahlen auszugeben.
X3 schließlich legt ein bestimmtes Antwortverhalten des Modems fest. Die letzte Zeile veranlaßt die Wahl der Nummer 0721-Pause-60451 im hierzulande gebräuchlichen Pulswählverfahren. Geht alles gut, pfeift ein Modem des Rechenzentrums der Universität Karlsruhe
zurück.
Q
ISO 3166 Ländercodes
Bei den Namen von Computern im Internet ist es außerhalb der USA üblich, als letzten Teil
den Ländercode nach ISO 3166 anzugeben. Dies ist nicht zwingend, es gibt Bezeichnungen,
die eine Organisation angeben und daher nicht von ISO 3166 erfaßt werden. Die vollständige
Tabelle findet sich unter ftp://ftp.ripe.net/iso3166-countrycodes.
Land
ALBANIA
ALGERIA
ANDORRA
ARGENTINA
AUSTRALIA
AUSTRIA
BAVARIA, FREE STATE OF
BAHAMAS
BELARUS
BELGIUM
BOLIVIA
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOWINA
BRAZIL
BULGARIA
CANADA
CHILE
CHINA
CHRISTMAS ISLAND
COCOS ISLANDS
COLOMBIA
CROATIA
CYPRUS
CZECH REPUBLIC
DENMARK
ECUADOR
EGYPT
ESTONIA
FAROE ISLANDS
FINLAND
FRANCE
GEORGIA
GERMANY
GIBRALTAR
GREECE
GREENLAND
HONG KONG
HUNGARY
ICELAND
INDIA
INDONESIA
IRELAND
ISRAEL
ITALY
JAPAN
A2
AL
DZ
AD
AR
AU
AT
FB
BS
BY
BE
BO
BA
BR
BG
CA
CL
CN
CX
CC
CO
HR
CY
CZ
DK
EC
EG
EE
FO
FI
FR
GE
DE
GI
GR
GL
HK
HU
IS
IN
ID
IE
IL
IT
JP
77
A3
ALB
DZA
AND
ARG
AUS
AUT
FBA
BHS
BLR
BEL
BOL
BIH
BRA
BGR
CAN
CHL
CHN
CXR
CCK
COL
HRV
CYP
CZE
DNK
ECU
EGY
EST
FRO
FIN
FRA
GEO
DEU
GIB
GRC
GRL
HKG
HUN
ISL
IND
IDN
IRL
ISR
ITA
JPN
Nummer
008
012
020
032
036
040
999
044
112
056
068
070
076
100
124
152
156
162
166
170
191
196
203
208
218
818
233
234
246
250
268
276
292
300
304
344
348
352
356
360
372
376
380
392
78
KOREA, REPUBLIC OF
LATVIA
LEBANON
LIECHTENSTEIN
LITHUANIA
LUXEMBOURG
MACEDONIA, REPUBLIC OF
MALAYSIA
MALTA
MEXICO
MONACO
MOROCCO
NETHERLANDS
NEW ZEALAND
NIUE
NORWAY
PAKISTAN
PERU
POLAND
PORTUGAL
QATAR
ROMANIA
RUSSIAN FEDERATION
SAN MARINO
SAUDI ARABIA
SINGAPORE
SLOVAKIA
SLOVENIA
SOUTH AFRICA
SPAIN
SRI LANKA
SWEDEN
SWITZERLAND
TAIWAN
TONGA
TRINIDAD + TOBAGO
TUNISIA
TURKEY
UKRAINE
UNITED KINGDOM
UNITED STATES
URUGUAY
VATICAN
VENEZUELA
YUGOSLAVIA
ANHANG Q. ISO 3166 LÄNDERCODES
KR
LV
LB
LI
LT
LU
MK
MY
MT
MX
MC
MA
NL
NZ
NU
NO
PK
PE
PL
PT
QA
RO
RU
SM
SA
SG
SK
SI
ZA
ES
LK
SE
CH
TW
TO
TT
TN
TR
UA
GB
US
UY
VA
VE
YU
KOR
LVA
LBN
LIE
LTU
LUX
MKD
MYS
MLT
MEX
MCO
MAR
NLD
NZL
NIU
NOR
PAK
PER
POL
PRT
QAT
ROM
RUS
SMR
SAU
SGP
SVK
SVN
ZAF
ESP
LKA
SWE
CHE
TWN
TON
TTO
TUN
TUR
UKR
GBR
USA
URY
VAT
VEN
YUG
410
428
422
438
440
442
807
458
470
484
492
504
528
554
570
578
586
604
616
620
634
642
643
674
682
702
703
705
710
724
144
752
756
158
776
780
788
792
804
826
840
858
336
862
891
R
Requests For Comment (RFCs)
Das Internet wird nicht durch Normen, sondern durch RFCs (Request For Comments) beschrieben, gegenwärtig etwa 4000 an der Zahl (Okt. 2004). Wird ein RFC durch einen neueren abgelöst, bekommt dieser auch eine neue, höhere Nummer. Es gibt also keine Versionen
oder Ausgaben wie bei den DIN-Normen. Die BCPs und FYIs behalten ihre Nummer, auch
wenn dahinter ein neuer RFC steht. Sucht man eine Information, besorgt man sich einen aktuellen Index der RFCs und startet in den Titeln, bei der höchsten Nummer beginnend, eine
Stichwortsuche. Einige RFCs sind zugleich FYIs (For Your Information) mit eigener Zählung. Diese enthalten einführende Informationen. Andere RFCs haben den Rang von offiziellen Internet-Protokoll-Standards mit zusätzlicher, eigener Numerierung, siehe RFC 2900
Internet Official Protocol Standards vom August 2001, wobei ein Standard mehrere RFCs
umfassen kann. Schließlich sind einige RFCs zugleich BCPs (Best Current Practice), siehe
RFC 1818, oder RTRs (RARE Technical Report). Eine vollständige Sammlung findet sich auf
ftp.nic.de/pub/rfc/. Die Dateien mit den Übersichten sind:
• Request For Comments: rfc-index.txt, 600 kbyte,
• For Your Information: fyi-index.txt, 10 kbyte,
• Internet Standard: std-index.txt, 10 kbyte,
• Best Current Practice: bcp-index.txt, 20 kbyte.
Ähnlich
auch
bei
www.rfc-editor.org/.
Zusammenfassungen
(Abstracts)
der
Entwürfe
(Internet
Drafts)
zu
kommenden
RFCs
finden
sich
bei
www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt. Genießen Sie RFCs, die an einem ersten
April erschienen sind, mit Vorsicht. Hier folgt eine Auswahl von RFCs, nach der Nummer
sortiert.
R.1
0001
0681
0783
0814
0821
0894
0902
0959
1000
1034
1036
1087
1094
1118
1122
1123
1173
1180
1208
1211
1281
Ausgewählte RFCs, ohne FYIs
Host Software (1969)
Network Unix (1975)
The TFTP Protocol (1981)
Name, Addresses, Ports, and Routes (1982)
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (1982)
A Standard for the Transmission of IP Datagrams over Ethernet
Networks (1984)
ARPA-Internet Protocol policy (1984)
File Transfer Protocol (1985)
The Request For Comments Reference Guide (1987)
Domain names – concepts and facilities (1987)
Standard for Interchange of USENET Messages (1987)
Ethics and the Internet (1989)
NFS: Network File System Protocol Specification (1989)
Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Internet (1989)
Requirements for Internet Hosts – Communication Layers (1989)
Requirements for Internet Hosts – Application and Support (1989)
Responsibilities of Host and Network Managers (1991)
TCP/IP Tutorial (1991)
Glossary of Networking Terms (1991)
Problems with the Maintenance of Large Mailing Lists (1991)
Guidelines for the secure operations of the Internet (1991)
79
80
1295
1296
1310
1327
1331
1336
1340
1345
1361
1378
1432
1436
1441
1459
1460
1466
1475
1501
1506
1510
1511
1591
1601
1602
1603
1607
1610
1618
1661
1684
1690
1700
1704
1738
1750
1752
1775
1789
1808
1818
1825
1835
1847
1871
1881
1882
1883
1898
1912
1913
1918
1924
1925
1928
ANHANG R. REQUESTS FOR COMMENT (RFCS)
User bill of rights for entries and listing in the public directory (1992)
Internet Growth (1981 – 1991) (1992)
Internet standards process (1992)
Mapping between X.400(1988)/ISO 10021 and RFC 822 (1992)
Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) (1992)
Who’s who in the Internet (1992)
Assigned Numbers (1992)
Character Mnemonics and Character Sets (1992)
Simple Network Time Protocol (1992)
PPP AppleTalk Control Protocol (1992)
Recent Internet books (1993)
Internet Gopher Protocol (1993)
SMTP Introduction to version 2 of the Internet-standard
Network Management Framework (1993)
Internet Relay Chat Protocol (1993)
Post Office Protocol - Version 3 (1993)
Guidelines for Management of IP Address Space (1993)
TP/IX: The Next Internet (1993)
OS/2 User Group (1993)
A Tutorial on Gatewaying between X.400 and Internet Mail (1993)
The Kerberos Network Authentication Service (1993)
Common Authentication Technology Overview (1993)
Domain Name System Structure and Delegation (1994)
Charter of the Internet Architecture Board (IAB) (1994)
The Internet Standards Process (1994)
IETF Working Group Guidelines and Procedures (1994)
A VIEW FROM THE 21ST CENTURY (1994)
Internet Official Protocol Standards (1994)
PPP over ISDN (1994)
The Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) (1994)
Introduction to White Pages Services based on X.500 (1994)
Introducing the Internet Engineering and Planning Group
(IEPG) (1994)
ASSIGNED NUMBERS (1994)
On Internet Authentication (1994)
Uniform Resource Locators (URL) (1994)
Randomness Recommendations for Security (1994)
The Recommendation for the IP Next Generation Protocol (1995)
To Be On the Internet (1995)
INETPhone: Telephone Services and Servers on Internet (1995)
Relative Uniform Resource Locators (1995)
Best Current Practices (1995)
Security Architecture for the Internet Protocol (1995)
Architecture of the WHOIS++ service (1995)
Security Multiparts for MIME: Multipart/Signed and
Multipart/Encrypted (1995)
Addendum to RFC 1602 – Variance Procedure (1995)
IPv6 Address Allocation Management (1995)
The 12-Days of Technology Before Christmas (1995)
Internet Protocol, Version 6 (IPv6), Specification (1995)
CyberCash Credit Card Protocol Version 0.8. (1996)
Common DNS Operational and Configuration Errors (1996)
Architecture of the Whois++ Index Service (1996)
Address Allocation for Private Internets (1996)
A Compact Representation of IPv6 Addresses (1996)
The Twelve Networking Truths (1996)
SOCKS Protocol Version 5. (1996)
R.1. AUSGEWÄHLTE RFCS, OHNE FYIS
1935
1938
1939
1945
1952
1955
1957
1958
1963
1968
1972
1984
1991
2014
2015
2026
2030
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2068
2070
2083
2084
2100
2109
2110
2111
2112
2133
2134
2135
2145
2146
2147
2153
2167
2168
2180
2182
2185
2186
2187
What is the Internet, Anyway? (1996)
A One-Time Password System (1996)
Post Office Protocol - Version 3. (1996)
Hypertext Transfer Protocol – HTTP/1.0. (1996)
GZIP file format specification version 4.3. (1996)
New Scheme for Internet Routing and Addressing (ENCAPS)
for IPNG (1996)
Some Observations on Implementations of the Post Office Protocol
(POP3) (1996)
Architectural Principles of the Internet (1996)
PPP Serial Data Transport Protocol (SDTP) (1996)
The PPP Encryption Control Protocol (ECP) (1996)
A Method for the Transmission of IPv6 Packets over Ethernet
Networks (1996)
IAB and IESG Statement on Cryptographic Technology and the
Internet (1996)
PGP Message Exchange Formats (1996)
IRTF Research Group Guidelines and Procedures (1996)
MIME Security with Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) (1996)
The Internet Standards Process – Revision 3. (1996)
Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) Version 4 for IPv4, IPv6 and
OSI (1996)
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Part One: Format of
Internet Message Bodies (1996)
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Part Two: Media
Types (1996)
MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) Part Three: Message
Header Extensions for Non-ASCII Text (1996)
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension (MIME) Part Four:
Registration Procedures (1996)
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Part Five:
Conformance Criteria and Examples (1996)
Hypertext Transfer Protocol – HTTP/1.1. (1997)
Internationalization of the Hypertext Markup Language (1997)
PNG (Portable Network Graphics) Specification (1997)
Considerations for Web Transaction Security (1997)
The Naming of Hosts (1997)
HTTP State Management Mechanism (1997)
MIME E-mail Encapsulation of Aggregate Documents, such as HTML
(MHTML) (1997)
Content-ID and Message-ID Uniform Resource Locators (1997)
The MIME Multipart/Related Content-type (1997)
Basic Socket Interface Extensions for IPv6 (1997)
Articles of Incorporation of Internet Society (1997)
Internet Society By-Laws (1997)
Use and Interpretation of HTTP Version Numbers (1997)
U.S. Government Internet Domain Names (1997)
TCP and UDP over IPv6 Jumbograms (1997)
PPP Vendor Extensions (1997)
Referral Whois (RWhois) Protocol V1.5. (1997)
Resolution of Uniform Resource Identifiers using the Domain Name
System (1997)
IMAP4 Multi-Accessed Mailbox Practice (1997)
Selection and Operation of Secondary DNS Servers (1997)
Routing Aspects of IPv6 Transition (1997)
Internet Cache Protocol (ICP), version 2 (1997)
Application of Internet Cache Protocol (ICP) (1997)
81
82
2192
2202
2212
2222
2223
2228
2231
2237
2245
2323
2418
2437
2440
2444
2464
2468
2482
2499
2500
2505
2518
2542
2555
2577
2588
2611
2616
2626
2628
2637
2639
2640
2646
2647
2651
2659
2663
2675
2683
2685
2691
2718
2756
2761
2766
2773
2775
2822
2828
2839
2860
2874
ANHANG R. REQUESTS FOR COMMENT (RFCS)
IMAP URL Scheme (1997)
Test Cases for HMAC-MD5 and HMAC-SHA-1 (1997)
Specification of Guaranteed Quality of Service (1997)
Simple Authentication and Security Layer (SASL) (1997)
Instructions to RFC Authors (1997)
FTP Security Extensions (1997)
MIME Parameter Value and Encoded Word Extensions:
Character Sets, Languages, and Continuations (1997)
Japanese Character Encoding for Internet Messages (1997)
Anonymous SASL Mechanism (1997)
IETF Identification and Security Guidelines (1998)
IETF Working Group Guidelines and Procedures (1998)
RSA Cryptography Specification Version 2.0 (1998)
OpenPGP Message Format (1998)
The One-Time-Password SASL Mechanism (1998)
Transmission of IPv6 Packets over Ethernet Networks (1998)
I Remember IANA (1998)
Language Tagging in Unicode Plain Text (1999)
Request for Comments Summary (1999)
INTERNET OFFICIAL PROTOCOL STANDARDS (1999)
Anti-Spam Recommendations for SMTP MTAs (1999)
HTTP Extensions for Distributed Authoring (1999)
Terminology and Goals for Internet Fax (1999)
30 Years of RFCs (1999)
FTP Security Considerations (1999)
IP Multicast and Firewalls (1999)
URN Namespace Definition Mechanisms (1999)
Hypertext Transfer Protocol HTTP/1.1 (1999)
The Internet and the Millenium Problem (1999)
Simple Cryptographic Program Interface (1999)
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (1999)
Internet Printing Protocol/Implementer’s Guide (1999)
Internationalizationof the File Transfer Protocol (1999)
The Text/Plain Parameter (1999)
Benchmarking Terminology for Firewall Performance (1999)
The Architecture of the Common Indexing Protocol (1999)
Security Extensions For HTML (1999)
IP Network Address Translator (NAT) Terminology and Considerations
(1999)
IPv6 Jumbograms (1999)
IMAP4 Implementation Recommendations (1999)
Virtual Private Networks Identifier (1999)
A Memorandum of Understanding for an ICANN Protocol Support
Organization (1999)
Guidelines for new URL Schemes (1999)
Hyper Text Caching Protocol (2000)
Terminology for ATM Benchmarking (2000)
Network Address Translation – Protocol Translation (2000)
Encryption using KEA and SKIPJACK (2000)
Internet Transparency (2000)
Internet Message Format (2001)
Internet Security Glossary (2000)
Internet Kermit Service (2000)
Memorandum of Understanding Concerning the Technical Work
of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (2000)
DNS Extensions to Support IPv6 Address Aggregation and
Renumbering (2000)
R.2. 1.-APRIL-RFCS
2875
2888
2901
2910
2913
2924
2929
2938
2960
2965
2969
2977
2979
2990
3001
3002
3003
3010
3013
3028
3031
3036
3076
3072
3093
3106
3125
3143
3377
3383
R.2
Diffie-Hellman Proof-of-Possession Algorithms (2000)
Secure Remote Access with L2TP (2000)
Guide to Administrative Procedures of the Internet
Infrastructure (2000)
Internet Printing Protocol/1.1 (2000)
MIME Content Types in Media Feature Expressions (2000)
Accounting Attributes and Record Formats (2000)
Domain Name System (DNS) IANA Considerations (2000)
Identifying Composite Media Features (2000)
Stream Control Transmission Protocol (2000)
HTTP State Management Mechanism (2000)
Wide Area Directory Deployment (2000)
Mobile IP Authentication, Authorization and Accounting
Reqirements (2000)
Behavior of and Requirements for Internet Firewalls (2000)
Next Steps for the IP QoS Architecture (2000)
A URN Namespace of Object Identifiers (2000)
Overview of 2000 IAB Wireless Internetworking Workshop (2000)
The audio/mpeg Media Type (2000)
NFS Version 4 Protocol (2000)
Recommended Internet Service Provider Security Services
and Procedures (2000)
Sieve: A Mail Filtering Language (2001)
Multiprotocol Label Switching Architecture (2001)
LDP Specification (2001)
Canonical XML Version 1.0 (2001)
Structured Data Exchange Format (SDXF) (2001)
Firewall Enhancement Protocol (FEP) (2001)
ECML v1.1: Field Specifications for E-Commerce (2001)
Electronic Signature Policies (2001)
Known HTTP Proxy/Caching Problems (2001)
LDAP (v3) Technical Specification (2002)
IANA Considerations for the LDAP (2002)
1.-April-RFCs
Ohne Gewähr dafür, ob sie ernst gemeint sind oder nicht.
0112
0499
0748
0777
0779
0852
0893
0894
0895
1147
0898
0904
0905
0940
0941
User/Server Site Protocol: Network host questionaire responses (1971)
Harvard’s Network RJE (1973)
Telnet randomly-lose option (1978)
Internet Control Message Protocol (1981)
Telnet send-location option (1981)
ARPANET short blocking feature (1983)
Trailer encapsulations (1984)
Standard for the transmission of IP datagrams over Ethernet networks
(1984)
Standard for the transmission of IP datagrams over experimental
Ethernet networks (1984)
FYI on a Network Management Tool Catalog
Gateway special interest group meeting notes (1984)
Exterior Gateway Protocol formal specification (1984)
ISO Transport Protocol specification ISO DP 8073 (1984)
Toward an Internet standard scheme for subnetting (1985)
Addendum to the network service definition covering network
layer addressing (1985)
83
84
0943
0944
0982
0983
0995
0999
1004
1050
1052
1053
1095
1097
1100
1101
1147
1149
1151
1152
1153
1154
1200
1214
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1313
1437
1438
1605
1606
1607
1776
1924
1925
1926
1927
2100
2321
2322
2323
2324
2325
2549
2550
2551
ANHANG R. REQUESTS FOR COMMENT (RFCS)
Assigned numbers (1985)
Official ARPA-Internet protocols (1985)
Guidelines for the specification of the structure of the
Domain Specific Part (DSP) of the ISO standard
NSAP adress (1986)
ISO transport arrives on top of the TCP (1986)
End System to Intermediate System Routing Exchange Protocol
for use in conjunction with ISO 8473 (1986)
Requests For Comments summary notes: 900 - 999 (1987)
Distributed=protocol authentication scheme (1987)
RPC: Remote Procedure Call Protocol specification (1988)
IAB recommendations for the development of Internet
network management standards (1988)
Telnet X.3 PAD option (1988)
Common Management Information Services and Protocol
over TCP/IP (1989)
Telnet subliminal-message option (1989)
IAB official protocol standards (1989)
DNS encoding of network names and other types (1989)
FYI on a Network Management Tool Catalog: Tools for
Monitoring and Debugging TCP/IP Internets and
Interconnected Devices (1990)
Standard for the transmission of IP datagrams on avian carriers (1990)
Version 2 of the Reliable Data Protocol (RDP) (1990)
Workshop report: Internet research steering group workshop
on very-high-speed networks (1990)
Digest message format (1990)
Encoding header field for internet messages (1990)
IAB official protocol standards (1991)
OSI internet management: Management Information Base (1991)
Gigabit network economics and paradigm shifts (1991)
Memo from the Consortium for Slow Commotion Research (1991)
Naming scheme for c=US (1991)
On the assignment of subnet numbers (1991)
Point-to-Point Protocol extensions for bridging (1991)
Host access protocol (HAP) specification: Version 2 (1991)
Today’s Programming for KRFC AM 1313 Internet Talk Radio (1992)
The Extension of MIME Content-Types to a New Medium (1993)
IETF Statements of Boredom (SOBs) (1993)
SONET to Sonnet Translation (1994)
A Historical Perspective On The Usage Of IP Version 9 (1994)
A View from the 21st Century (1994)
The Address is the Message (1995)
A Compact Representaion of IPv6 Adresses (1996)
The Twelve Networking Truths (1996)
An Experimental Encapsulation of IP Datagrams on Top of ATM (1996)
Suggested Additional MIME Types for Associating Documents (1996)
The Naming of Hosts (1997)
RITA – The Reliable Internetwork Troubleshooting Agent (1998)
Management of IP numbers by peg-dhcp (1998)
IETF Identification and Security Guidelines (1998)
Hypertext Coffee Pot Control Protocol HTCPCP/1.0 (1998)
Definitons of Managed Objects for Drip-Type Heated Beverage
Hardware Devices Using SMIv2 (1998)
IP Over Avian Carriers with Quality of Service (1999)
Y10K and Beyond (1999)
The Roman Standards Process – Revision III (1999)
R.3. ALLE FYIS
2795
3091
3092
3093
3251
3252
R.3
0001
0002
0003
0004
0005
0006
0007
0008
0009
0010
0011
0012
0013
0014
0015
0016
0017
0018
0019
0020
0021
0022
0023
0024
0025
0026
0027
0028
0029
0030
0031
The Infinite Monkey Protocol Suite (2000)
Pi Digit Generation Protocol (2001)
Etymology of Foo (2001)
Firewall Enhancement Protocol (FEP) (2001)
Electricity over IP (2002)
Binary Lexical Octet Ad-hoc Transport (2002)
Alle FYIs
FYI on FYI: Introduction to the FYI notes (1990) (RFC1150)
FYI on a Network Management Tool Catalog: Tools for monitoring
and debugging TCP/IP internets and interconnected
devices (1993) (RFC1470)
FYI on Where to Start: A bibliography of internetworking
information (1991) (RFC1175)
FYI on Questions and Answers - Answers to Commonly asked New
Internet User Questions (1999) (RFC2664)
Choosing a name for your computer (1991) (RFC1178)
FYI on the X Window System (1991) (RFC1198)
FYI on Questions and Answers: Answers to commonly asked
experienced Internet user questions (1991) (RFC1207)
Site Security Handbook (1997) (RFC2196)
Who’s Who in the Internet: Biographies of IAB, IESG and
IRSG Members (1992) (RFC1336)
There is Gold in them thar Networks! or Searching for Treasure
in all the Wrong Places (1993) (RFC1402)
X.500 Implementations Catalog-96 (1997) (RFC2116)
Building a Network Information Services Infrastructure
(1992) (RFC1302)
Executive Introduction to Directory Services Using the
X.500 Protocol (1992) (RFC1308)
Technical Overview of Directory Services Using the
X.500 Protocol (1992) (RFC1309)
Privacy and Accuracy Issues in Network Information Center
Databases (1992) (RFC1355)
Connecting to the Internet – What Connecting Institutions
Should Anticipate (1992) (RFC1359)
The Tao of IETF - A Guide for New Attendees of the Internet
Engineering Task Force (2001) (RFC3160)
Internet Users’ Glossary (1996) (RFC1983)
FYI on Introducing the Internet – A Short Bibliography of
Introductory Internetworking Readings (1993) (RFC1463)
FYI on What is the Internet (1993) (RFC1462)
A Survey of Advanced Usages of X.500 (1993) (RFC1491)
Frequently Asked Questions for Schools (1996) (RFC1941)
Guide to Network Resource Tool (1994) (RFC1580)
How to Use Anonymous FTP (1994) (RFC1635)
A Status Report on Networked Information Retrieval:
Tools and Groups (1994) (RFC1689)
K-12 Internetworking Guidelines (1994) (RFC1709)
Tools for DNS debugging (1994) (RFC1713)
Netiquette Guidelines (1995) (RFC1855)
Catalogue of Network Training Materials (1996) (RFC2007)
A Primer On Internet and TCP/IP Tools and Utilities (1997) (RFC2151)
Humanities and Arts: Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
(1997) (RFC2150)
85
86
0032
0033
0034
0035
0036
0037
0038
R.4
0001
0002
0003
0004
0005
0006
0007
0008
0009
0010
0011
0012
0013
0014
0015
0016
0017
0018
0019
0020
0021
0022
0023
0024
0025
0026
0027
0028
0029
0030
0031
ANHANG R. REQUESTS FOR COMMENT (RFCS)
Hobbes’ Internet Timeline (1997) (RFC2235)
Some Testing Tools for TCP Implementors (1998) (RFC2398)
Users’ Security Handbook (1999) (RFC2504)
DON’T SPEW. A Set of Guidelines for Mass Unsolicited Mailings and
Postings (spam*) (1999) (RFC2635)
Internet Security Glossary (2000) (RFC2828)
Guide to Administrative Procedures of the Internet Infrastructure
(2000) (RFC2901)
How to Advertise Responsibly Using E-Mail and Newsgroups (2001) (RFC3098)
Alle BCPs
Best Current Practices (1995) (RFC1818)
Addendum to RFC 1602 – Variance Procedure (1995) (RFC1871)
Variance for The PPP Connection Control Protocol and The PPP
Encryption Control Protocol (1996) (RFC1915)
An Appeal to the Internet Community to Return Unused
IP Networks (Prefixes) to the IANA (1996) (RFC1917)
Address Allocation for Private Internets (1996) (RFC1918)
Guidelines for creation, selection, and registration of an
Autonomous System (AS) (1996) (RFC1930)
Implications of Various Address Allocation Policies for
Internet Routing (1996) (RFC2008)
IRTF Research Group Guidelines and Procedures (1996) (RFC2014)
The Internet Standards Process – Revision 3 (1996) (RFC2026)
IAB and IESG Selection, Confirmation, and Recall Process:
Operation of the Nominating and Recall Committees
(2000) (RFC2727)
The Organizations Involved in the IETF Standards Process
(1996) (RFC2028)
Internet Registry IP Allocation Guidelines (1996) (RFC2050)
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension (MIME) Part Four:
Registration Procedures (1996) (RFC2048)
Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels
(1997) (RFC2119)
Deployment of the Internet White Pages Service (1997) (RFC2148)
Selection and Operation of Secondary DNS Servers (1997) (RFC2182)
Use of DNS Aliases for Network Services (1997) (RFC2219)
IETF Policy on Character Sets and Languages (1998) (RFC2277)
IANA Charset Registration Procedures (2000) (RFC2978)
Classless IN-ADDR.ARPA delegation (1998) (RFC2317)
Expectations for Computer Security Incident Response (1998)
(RFC2350)
Guide for Internet Standards Writers (1998) (RFC2360)
Administratively Scoped IP Multicast (1998) (RFC2365)
RSVP over ATM Implementation Guidelines (1998) (RFC2379)
IETF Working Group Guidelines and Procedures (1998) (RFC2418)
Guidelines for Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs
(1998) (RFC2434)
Advancement of MIB specifications on the IETF Standards Track
(1998) (RFC2438)
Enhancing TCP Over Satellite Channels using Standard Mechanisms
(1999) (RFC2488)
Procedure for Defining New DHCP Options (1999) (RFC2489)
Anti-Spam Recommendations for SMTP MTAs (1999) (RFC2505)
Media Feature Tag Registration Procedure (1999) (RFC2506)
R.4. ALLE BCPS
0032
0033
0034
0035
0036
0037
0038
0039
0040
0041
0042
0043
0044
0045
0046
0047
0048
0049
0050
0051
0052
0053
0054
0055
0056
0057
0058
0059
0060
0061
0062
0063
0064
0065
0066
0067
0068
Reserved Top Level DNS Names (1999) (RFC2606)
URN Namespace Definition Mechanisms (1999) (RFC2611)
Changing the Default for Directed Broadcasts in Routers
(1999) (RFC2644)
Registration Procedures for URL Scheme Names (1999) (RFC2717)
Guidelines for Writers of RTP Payload Format Specifications
(1999) (RFC2736)
IANA Allocation Guidelines For Values In the Internet Protocol
and Related Headers (2000) (RFC2780)
Network Ingress Filtering: Defeating Denial of Service Attacks
which employ IP Source Address Spoofing (2000) (RFC2827)
Charter of the Internet Architecture Board (IAB) (2000) (RFC2850)
Root Name Server Operational Requirements (2000) (RFC2870)
Congestion Control Principles (2000) (RFC2914)
Domain Name System (DNS) IANA Considerations (2000) (RFC2929)
Procedures and IANA Guidelines for Definition of New DHCP Options
and Message Types (2000) (RFC2939)
Use of HTTP State Management (2000) (RFC2964)
IETF Discussion List Charter (2000) (RFC3005)
Recommended Internet Service Provider Security Services
and Procedures (2000) (RFC3013)
Tags for the Identification of Languages (2001) (RFC3066)
End-to-end Performance Implications of Slow Links (2001) (RFC3150)
Delegation of IP6.ARPA (2001) (RFC3152)
End-to-end Performance Implications of Links with Errors
(2001) (RFC3155)
IANA Guidelines for IPv4 Multicast Address Assignments (2001)
(RFC3171)
Management Guidelines & Operational Requirements for the Address
and Routing Parameter Area Domain (arpa) (2001) (RFC3172)
GLOP Addressing in 233/8 (2001) (RFC3180)
IETF Guidelines for Conduct () (RFC3184)
Guidelines for Evidence Collection and Archiving () (RFC3227)
On the use of HTTP as a Substrate () (RFC3205)
IANA Considerations for IPv4 Internet Group Management
Protocol (IGMP) () (RFC3228)
Defining the IETF () (RFC3233)
A Transient Prefix for Identifying Profiles under
Development () (RFC3349)
Inappropriate TCP Resets Considered Harmful () (RFC3360)
Strong Security Requirements for Internet Engineering
Task Force Standard Protocols () (RFC3365)
Advice to link designers on link Automatic Repeat reQuest
(ARQ) () (RFC3366)
Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) for Telephones (SIP-T):
Context and Architectures () (RFC3372)
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Considerations
for the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
(LDAP) () (RFC3383)
Dynamic Delegation Discovery System (DDS) Part Five:
URLARPA Assignment Procedures (2002) (RFC3405)
Uniform Resource Names (URN) Namespace Definition
Mechanisms (2002) (RFC3406)
Change Process for the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)
(2002) (RFC3427)
Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) IANA Considerations Update
(2002) (RFC3438)
87
88
0069
0070
0071
0072
0073
0074
0075
0076
0077
0078
0079
0080
0081
0082
0083
0084
0086
0087
0088
0089
ANHANG R. REQUESTS FOR COMMENT (RFCS)
TCP Performance Implications of Network Path Asymmetrie
(2002) (RFC3449)
Guidelines for the Use of XML within IETF Protocols
(2003) (RFC3470)
TCP over Second (2.5G) and Third (3G) Generation Wireless
Networks (2003) (RFC3481)
Guidelines for Writing RFC Text on Security Considerations
(2003) (RFC3552)
An IETF URN Sub-namespace for Registered Protocol Parameters
(2003) (RFC3553)
Coexistence between Version 1, Version 2, and Version 3 of the
Internet-standard Network Management Framework
(2003) (RFC3584)
Session Inititation Protocol (SIP). Basic Call Flow Examples
(2003) (RFC3665)
Session Inittiation Protocol (SIP). Public Switched Telephone
Network (PSTN) Call Flows. (2003) (RFC3666)
IETF ISOC Boardof Trustee Appointment Procedures
(2003) (RFC3677)
IETF Rights in Contributions (2004) (RFC3667)
Intellectual Property Rights in IETF Technology
(2004) (RFC3668)
Delegation of E.F.F.3.IP6.ARPA. (2004) (RFC3681)
The IETF XML Registry. (2004) (RFC3688)
Assigning Experimental and Testing Numbers Considered Useful
(2004) (RFC3692)
A Practice for Revoking Posting Rights to IETF Mailing Lists
(2004) (RFC3683)
Ingress Filtering for Multihomed Networks
Best Current
(2004) (RFC3704)
Practices for
0085
Third Party Call Control (3pcc)
in the Session Inititation Protocol (SIP)
(2004) (RFC3725)
Determining Strength for Public Keys Used for Exchanging
Symmetric Keys. (2004) (RFC3766)
Use of Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) Metric as a second
MPLS Traffic Engineering (TE) Metric
(2004) (RFC3785)
IANA Considerations for the Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)
(2004) (RFC3818)
Advice for Internet Subnetwork Designers
(2004) (RFC3819)
S
Internet-Protokolle
Ein Protokoll ist ein Satz von Regeln zur Verständigung zwischen zwei Computern oder Peripheriegeräten. Hier die wichtigsten im Internet verwendeten Protokolle:
3DESE
ACAP
AgentX
ARP
ATMP
BAP
BACP
BGP
BOOTP
CCP
CHAP
CMOT
DCAP
DESE-bis
DHCP
DLSw
DSP
EAP
EARP
Echo
ECP
EGP
ESRO
FANP
Finger
FOOBAR
FTP
GKMP
Gopher
HTCPC
HTTP
IARP
ICMP
ICMPv6
ICP
IGMP
IMAP
IMPP
IOTP
IP
IPng
IPv6
IRC
LDAP
LFAP
MAPOS
MP
MPPC
PPP Triple-DES Encryption Protocol (RFC 2420)
Application Configuration Access Protocol (RFC 2244)
Agent Extensibility Protocol (RFC 2257)
Address Resolution Protocol (RFC 826)
Ascend Tunnel Management Protocol )RFC 2107)
PPP Bandwidth Allocation Protocol (RFC 2125)
PPP Bandwidth Allocation Control Protocol (RFC 2125)
Border Gateway Protocol (RFC 1771)
Bootstrap Protocol (RFC 951, 1542)
PPP Compression Control Protocol (RFC 1962)
PPP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (RFC 1994)
Common Management Information Protocol over TCP (RFC 1095)
Data Link Switching Client Access Protocol (RFC 2114)
PPP DES Encryption Protocol (RFC 2419)
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (RFC 2131)
Data Link Switching Protocol (RFC 1795)
A Dictionary Server Protocol (RFC 2229)
PPP Extensible Authenication Protocol (RFC 2284)
Ethernet Address Resolution Protocol (RFC 826)
Echo Protocol (RFC 862)
PPP Encryption Control Protocol (RFC 1968)
Exterior Gateway Protocol (RFC 827, 904)
Efficient Short Remote Operations Protocol (RFC 2188)
Flow Attribute Notification Protocol (RFC 2129)
Finger User Information Protocol (RFC 1288)
FTP Operation Over Big Address Records Protocol (RFC 1639)
File Transfer Protocol (RFC 959, 2228)
Group Key Management Protocol Specification (RFC 2093)
Internet gopher Protocol (RFC 1436)
Hypertext Coffee Pot Control Protocol (RFC 2324)
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (RFC 2068)
Inverse Address Resolution Protocol (RFC 2390)
Internet Control Message Protocol (RFC 792, 950)
Internet Control Message Protocol version 6 (RFC 1885)
Internet Cache Protocol (RFC 2186)
Internet Group Management Protocol (RFC 2236)
Internet Message Access Protocol (RFC 2060)
Instant Messaging/Presence Protocol (RFC 2779)
Internet Open Trading Protocol (RFC 2935)
Internet Protocol (RFC 791)
Recommendation for the IP next generation Protocol (RFC 1752)
Internet Protocol version 6 (RFC 1883)
Internet Relay Chat Protocol (RFC 1459)
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (RFC 2251)
Lightweight Flow Admission Protocol (RFC 2124)
Multiple Access Protocol over SONET (RFC 2171)
PPP Multilink Protocol (RFC 1990)
Microsoft Point-to-Point Compression Protocol (RFC 2118)
89
90
NBFCP
NFS
NHRP
NNTP
NTP
OFTP
PIM-SM
POP
PPP
RARP
RIP
RPC
RSVP
RTP
RTSP
RWhois
SCSP
SDP
SDTP
SLP
SMTP
SNACP
SNMP
SNQP
SNTP
SOCKS
TCP
Telnet
TFTP
TIP
UDP
VRRP
XNSCP
ANHANG S. INTERNET-PROTOKOLLE
NetBIOS Frames Control Protocol (RFC 2097)
Network File System Protocol (RFC 1094 und 1813)
NBMA Next Hop Resolution Protocol (RFC 2332)
Network News Transport Protocol (RFC 977)
Network Time Protocol (RFC 1305)
ODETTE File Transfer Protocol (RFC 2204)
Protocol Independent Multicast - Sparse Mode (RFC 2362)
Post Office Protocol (RFC 1939)
Point to Point Protocol (RFC 1661, 2153)
Reverse Address Resolution Protocol (RFC 903)
Routing Information Protocol (RFC 1723)
Remote Procedure Call Protocol (RFC 1057, 1831 und 2339)
Resource Reservation Protocol (RFC 2205)
Transport Protocol for Realtime Applications (RFC 1889)
Real Time Streaming Protocol (RFC 2326)
Referral Whois Protocol (RFC 2167)
Server Cache Synchronization Protocol (RFC 2334)
Session Description Protocol (RFC 2327)
PPP Serial Data Transport Protocol (RFC 1963)
Service Location Protocol (RFC 2165)
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (RFC 821)
PPP SNA Control Protocol (RFC 2043)
Simple Network Management Protocol (RFC 1157)
Simple Nomenclator Query Protocol (RFC 2259)
Simple Network Time Protocol (RFC 2030)
SOCKS Protocol (RFC 1928)
Transmission Control Protocol (RFC 793)
Telnet Protocol (RFC 854)
Trivial File Transfer Protocol (RFC 783 und 1350)
Transaction Internet Protocol (RFC 2371)
User Datagram Protocol (RFC 768)
Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (RFC 2338)
PPP XNS IDP Control Protocol (RFC 1764)
Siehe auch RFC 2700: Internet Official Protocol Standards vom August 2000.
T
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
In vielen Newsgruppen tauchen immer wieder dieselben Fragen auf. Irgendwann erbarmt
sich ein Leser und sammelt sie samt den zugehörigen Antworten unter der Überschrift Frequently Asked Questions, abgekürzt FAQ. Diese FAQs (man beachte: der Plural eines Plurals)
sind eine wertvolle Informationsquelle. Die Spektren der Themen und der Qualität sind so
breit wie das Netz. Innerhalb der Netnews enthalten die FAQs naturgemäß nur Text, manche werden jedoch parallel dazu im WWW angeboten und können dort Grafik verwenden. Sie
sind zu finden:
• in der jeweiligen Newsgruppe,
• in der Newsgruppe news.answers bzw. de.answers,
• auf http://www.cs.ruu.nl/cgi-bin/faqwais (Universität Utrecht)
• auf http://www.faqs.org/,
• auf rtfm.mit.edu in den Verzeichnissen
/pub/usenet-by-hierarchie/.
/pub/usenet-by-group/
bzw.
Um einen Überblick zu gewinnen, hole man sich per FTP vom MIT die Datei
Index-byname.gz. Nachfolgend sind einige FAQs aufgeführt, aber bei weitem nicht alle:
• Unix - Frequently Asked Questions, in comp.unix.questions. Siebenteilig, von T ED
T IMAR, seit 1989, daher ausgereift.
• Unix Programming FAQ, in comp.unix.programmer.
• Unix-FAQ/Shell, in comp.unix.shell. Von T ED T IMAR.
• Linux META-FAQ, in comp.os.linux.announce.
• NetBSD, FreeBSD, and OpenBSD FAQ, gemeinsames zehnteiliges FAQ-Dokument in
– comp.unix.bsd.netbsd.announce,
– comp.unix.bsd.freebsd.announce und
– comp.unix.openbsd.announce.
• vi Editor FAQ, in comp.editors und comp.unix.questions. Zweiteilig.
• comp.lang.perl* FAQ, in comp.lang.perl.announce. Fünfteilig.
• The X Toolkit Intrinsics FAQ, in comp.windows.x.
• Catalog of compilers, interpreters, and other language tools, in comp.compilers und
comp.lang.misc. Fünfteilig.
• Comp.software.eng FAQ, in comp.software.eng.
• FAQ List (zur Sprache C), in comp.lang.c.
• C++ FAQ, in comp.lang.c++. Achtteilig.
• Available C++ libraries FAQ, in comp.lang.c++. Sechsteilig.
• Comp.lang.objective-c FAQ, in comp.lang.objective-c. Dreiteilig.
• TCP/IP Resources List, in comp.protocols.tcp-ip.
• TCP/IP Applications FAQ, in comp.protocols.tcp-ip.
• FAQ: Internet-Zugänge in Deutschland, in de.etc.lists.
• Netiquette für de.*. in de.newusers.questions.
91
92
ANHANG T. FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQS)
• Anonymous FTP Sitelist, in comp.archives. Dreiundzwanzigteilig.
• World Wide Web FAQ, Introduction, in comp.infosystems.www. Von T HOMAS B OU TELL .
• comp.graphics.algorithms FAQ, in comp.graphics.algorithms.
• comp.text FAQ, in comp.text.
• TeX, LaTeX, Dante e. V. FAQ, in de.comp.text.tex. Elfteilig.
• alt.comp.virus FAQ, in comp.virus. Dreiteilig.
Natürlich gibt es auch FAQs zu Themen außerhalb der Informatik, beispielsweise
de.rec.fahrrad FAQ, sechsteilig und monatlich in der Newsgruppe de.rec.fahrrad zu
finden.
U Abkürzungen aus Informatik und
Telekommunikation
Gehen wir von 30 Zeichen aus, aus denen Abkürzungen gebildet werden, und nehmen wir
eine größte Länge von 5 Zeichen an, so lassen sich 25.137.930 verschiedene Abkürzungen bilden (Kombinationen mit Wiederholung und Berücksichtigung der Reihenfolge). Es folgt eine
Auswahl von rund 13000 Abkürzungen aus den Bereichen Informatik und Telekommunikation. Die Abkürzungen werden hier durchgehend groß geschrieben, Akzente, Bindestriche und
dergleichen wurden weggelassen. Einige Abkürzungen sind geschützte Namen; diese sind
nicht gekennzeichnet. Die Liste beschreibt nur den Gebrauch, sie legt nicht eine Definition
fest.
16CIF
16QAM
1GL
1TR6
2GL
2L8
2MS
3GIO
3GL
3GPP
3LH
3PCC
4CIF
4GL
4LH
5GL
64QAM
6GL
7E1
8N1
10GE
16 times Common Intermediate Format (Picture Format)
16-state Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
1st Generation Language (Maschinencode)
(ISDN-Protokoll D-Kanal, national)
2nd Generation Language (Assembler)
Too Late (Slang)
Strukturierte Monopolleitung 2 Mbit/s
3rd Generation I/O (Bus, Interface)
3rd Generation Language (C/C++, Fortran, Cobol)
3rd Generation Partnership Program
3rd Level Hierarchy
3rd Party Call Control
4 times Common Intermediate Format (Picture Format)
4th Generation Language (SQL, Labview, ABAP)
4th Level Hierarchy
5th Generation Language
64-state Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
6th Generation Language
(Zeichenformat: 7 Bits/Zeichen, parity even, 1 Stopbit)
(Zeichenformat: 8 Bits/Zeichen, no parity bit, 1 Stopbit)
10 GBit/s Ethernet
A
A2DP
AA
AA
AA
AA
AA
AA
AA
AAA
AAAA
AAAAAA
AAAI
AAB
AAC
AAC
AACD
Advanced, American, Amplitude, Application, Architecture, Area, Association
Advanced Audio Distribution Profile
Access Authorization
Aiming Algorithm
Anti-Aliasing
Arbitrary Access
Assistant Administrator
Audits + Assessments
Auto Answer
Authentication, Authorization, Accounting (system)
Aussuchen – Auspacken – Anpassen – Anwenden
Association for the Abolition of Abused Abbreviations and Asinine Acronyms
American Association of Artificial Intelligence
All-to-All Broadcast
Advanced Audio Coder/Coding
Apple Assistance Center
Academic Administrative Computing Services
93
94
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
AACE
AACR
AACS
AACS
AACS
AACS
AAD
AADP
AAE
AAE
AAFID
AAIC
AAL
AAL
AAL
AALPDU
AAM
AAMOF
AAN
AAP
AAP
AAP
AAPI
AAR
AARP
AAS
AAS
AASP
AAT
AATIS
AATP
AAUI
AAVD
AB
AB
ABAP
ABB
ABC
ABC
ABC
ABC
ABCD
ABCS
ABD
ABEND
ABF
ABI
ABIC
ABIOS
ABIST
ABK
ABLE
ABLE
ABM
ABM
ABN
ABNF
Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education
Anglo-American Cataloging Rules
Advanced/Automated Access Content/Control System
Ann Arbor Computer Society
Asynchronous Address Communication System
Automated Analog Circuit Synthesis
Address Adder
Administrative Automatic Data Processing
Allgemeine Anschalt-Erlaubnis
Automatische Anrufeinrichtung
Autonomous Agent For Intrusion Detection
Accounting Authority Identification Code
Absolute Assembly Language
Asynchronous Transfer Mode Adaption Layer
ATM Adaptation Layer
AAL Protocol Data Unit
Automatic Acoustic Management
As A Matter Of Fact (Slang)
Associated Account Number
Advanced Adaptive Protocol
Applications Access Point
Association of American Publishers
Audio Applications Programming Interface
Anfangsadressregister
AppleTalk Address Resolution Protocol
All-to-All Scatter
Arithmetic Assignment Statement
ASCII Asynchronous Support Package
Average Access Time
Arbeitskreis Amateurfunk und Telekommunikation in der Schule
Authorized Academic Training Program
Apple Attachment Unit Interface
Automatic Alternate Voice Data
Anrufbeantworter
Ausser Betrieb
Advanced Business Application Programming (SAP)
ASEA Brown Boveri (Schweiz)
American Broadcasting Company
Applications of Broadband Communication
Atanasoff-Berry-Computer
Automatic Brightness Control
Add, Browse, Change, Delete
Advanced Business Communications via Satellite
Automatic Baudrate Detection
Abnormal End
Adobe Binary Screen Font
Application Binary Interface
Access Bus Industry Group
Advanced Basic Input Output System
Automatic Built-In Self Test
Arbeitskreis Bildkommunikation
Adaptive Battery Life Extender
Agent Building and Learning Environment
Anything But Microsoft
Asynchronous Balanced Mode
Australian Bibliographic Network
Augmented Backus-Naur Form
95
ABNS
ABR
ABR
ABRD
ABRS
ABS
ABS
ABS
ABT
ABT
ABTDT
ABTIT
ABTS
AC
AC
AC
AC
AC
AC
AC
AC
AC
AC
ACA
ACAP
ACAP
ACAS
ACATS
ACC
ACC
ACC
ACC
ACC
ACCMAIL
ACCU
ACD
ACDF
ACDG
ACDI
ACDP
ACE
ACE
ACE
ACE
ACE
ACE
ACE
ACE
ACE
ACELP
ACF
ACF
ACF
ACF
ACFC
ACFM
ACH
Application Based Network Services
Automated Beacon Removal
Available Bit Rate
Automatic Baud Rate Detection
Automated Book Request System
Address Book Synchronization
Authorized Bearer Services (Exceptions)
Automatic Backup Shutdown
Abort
ATM Block Transfer
ATM Block Transfer Delayed Transmission
ATM Block Transfer Immediate Transmission
ASCII Block Terminal Services
Access/Automatic Control
Access Concentrator
Accumulator
Advisory Committee
Alternating Current
Analogue Computer
Arc Consistency
Audio Code/Codec/Coding
Authority Center
Auto Check
Application Control Architecture (DEC)
Application Configuration Access Protocol
Automated Content Access Protocol
Application Control Architecture Services
Advisory Committee on Advanced Television Systems
Abnormal Condition Control
Access
Accumulator
Adaptive Cruise Control
Area Communication Controller
Accessing the Internet via Email
Association of C and C++ Users
Automated/Automatic Call Director/Distributor/Distribution
Access Control Decision Function
Automatic Call Distribution Group
Asynchronous Communication Device Interface
Australian Committee on Data Processing
A Compact Evaluated Nuclear Data File
Access Control Encryption/Entry
Adaptive Communication Environment
Additional Core Enhancements
Adobe Certified Expert
Advanced Computing Environment (SCO)
Adverse Channel Enhancement
ASCII Compatible Encoding
Automatic Calling Equipment
Algebraic Code Excited Linear Prediction
Access Control Field
Admission Confirmation
Advanced Communication Function
Attribute Configuration File
Address and Control Field Compression
Alternating Current Frequency Modulation
Automeated Clearing House
96
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
ACI
ACI
ACI
ACI
ACI
ACI
ACIA
ACIA
ACIAS
ACID
ACID
ACID
ACIS
ACK
ACK
ACL
ACL
ACL
ACL
ACL
ACL
ACLS
ACLU
ACM
ACM
ACME
ACMS
ACONET
ACOPS
ACOS
ACP
ACP
ACP
ACP
ACP
ACPI
ACPICA
ACR
ACR
ACR
ACRG
ACROSS
ACS
ACS
ACS
ACS
ACS
ACS
ACSA
ACSE
ACSK
ACSNET
ACSR
ACSS
ACT
ACT
ACTA
Access Control Information
Adjacent Channel Interference
Advanced Chip Interconnection
Advanced Computing Initiative
American Computer Innovators
Application Communication Interface
Access Control Inner Area
Asynchronous Communication Interface Adapter
Automated Calibration Internal Analysis System
Add, Change, Inquire, Delete
Analysis Console for Intrusion Databases
Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability
American Committee for Interoperable Systems
Acknowledge/Acknowledgement
Amsterdam Compiler Kit
Access Control List
Account Classification
Advanced Computing Laboratory
Agent Communication Language
Application Connectivity Link
Asynchronous Connectionless Link
Accounting Class Packet Services
American Civil Liberties Union, USA
Association for Computing Machinery, USA
Audio Compression Manager
Assembling Configuration Management Environments
Application Control Management System
Akademisches Computer-Netz, Österrreich
Automatic CPU Overheat Prevention System
Additional Call Offering Service
Analog Copy Protection
Ancillary Control Program
Automatic Channel Programming
Auxiliary Control Process
Average CPU Power
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
Advanced Configuration and Power Management Interface Component Architecture
Advanced Communication Riser
Allowed Cell Rate
Attenuation to Crosstalk Ratio
Access Code Restriction Group
Automated Cargo Release and Operations Service System
Access Control Server/Set/System
Account Control System
Advanced Communication/Computer System
Aldus Color File
Anti Curl System
Asynchronous Communication Server
Access Control Specific Area
Association Control Service Element/Entity
Adaptive Code Shift Keying
Australian Computer Science Network
Automatic Customer Station Rearrangement
Audio Cascading Style Sheet
Advanced Communication for Training
Applied Computerized Telephony (HP)
America’s Carriers Telecommunication Association
97
ACTI
ACTL
ACTLU
ACTPU
ACTS
ACTS
ACTS
ACTT
ACTU
ACTV
ACU
ACU
ACU
ACVC
ACWT
A/D
AD
AD
AD
ADA
ADA
ADA
ADABAS
ADAIC
ADAM
ADAM
ADAT
ADB
ADB
ADC
ADC
ADC
ADC
ADC
ADC
ADCCP
ADD
ADD
ADD
ADDMD
ADDX
ADE
ADE
ADEOS
ADEPA
ADF
ADF
ADF
ADF
ADF
ADF
ADFS
ADI
ADI
ADIOS
ADISS
ADL
Advanced Computational Technology Initiative
Access Customer Terminal Location
Active Logical Unit
Active Physical Unit
Advanced Communications Technologies and Services
Advanced Communications Technology Satellite
Automated Computer Time Service (NIST)
Advanced Communication and Timekeeping Technology
Active User
Advanced Compatible Television
Access Control Unit
Acknowledgement Signal Unit
Automatic Calling Unit
Ada Compiler Validation Capacity
Analog Call Waiting
Analog/Digital
Active Directory
Administrative Domain
Assignment Date
Adobe Developers Association
Applied Decision Analysis
Automatic Data Acquisition
Adaptable Database System
Ada Information Clearinghouse
Automatischer Datenmessplatz
Art, Design, Architecture + Media Information Gateway
Alesis Digital Audio Tape
Apple Desktop Bus
Authentication Database
Adaptive Data Compression
Add with Carry
Analogue to Digital Converter
Apple Developer Connection
Apple Display Connector
Application Development Classes
Advanced Data Communication Control Procedure/Protocol
Adapter Device Driver
Architecture Design Document
Automatic Document Detection
Administration Directory Management Domain
Assoziation Deutschsprachiger DXer
Advanced Document Engineering
Application Development Environment
Advanced Earth Observation Satellite, Japan
Agence Nationale pour le Developpement de la Production Automatisee
Adaptor Description File
Address Distribution Facility
Arbeitskreis Digitale Fotografie
Automatic Direction Finder/Finding
Automatic Document Feed/Feeder
Automatically Defined Function
Acorn/Advanced Disc File/Filing System
Agence de l’Informatique
Autodesk Device Interface
Automated Download and Installation of Operating Systems
Analytical Data Interchange + Storage Standards
Above Detection Limit
98
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
ADL
ADL
ADLAT
ADLC
ADLC
ADM
ADM
ADM
ADM
ADM
ADM
ADMACS
ADMD
ADO
ADP
ADP
ADP
ADPCM
ADR
ADR
ADRC
ADRD
ADRES
ADS
ADS
ADS
ADS
ADS
ADS
ADS
ADSC
ADSC
ADSI
ADSI
ADSL
ADSM
ADSP
ADSR
ADT
ADT
ADT
ADT
ADTV
ADU
ADVISE
ADX
ADXVERZ
AE
AE
AEB
AEC
AEC
AEC
AECG
AED
AEEC
AEG
Address Data Latch
Adventure Definition Language
Adaptive Lattice Filter
Adaptive Lossless Data Compression
Asynchronous Data Link Control
Add/Drop-Multiplexer
Aggregate Data Manager
Application Development Modul
Arrow Diagram Method
Asynchronous Disconnected Mode
Automatic Drive Maintenance
Apple Document Management And Control System
Administrative/Administration Management Domain (X.400)
ActiveX Data Object
Administrative/Automatic Data Processing
AOLserver Dynamic Pages
Automatic Data Processing
Adaptive Delta/Differential Pulse Code Modulation/Modulator
Address
Advanced Digital Recording
Adaptive Dynamic Range Coding
Automatic Data Rate Detection
Automatic Dynamic Range Expansion System
Active Directory Service
Aktiver Diagnose-Stecker
Alternate Data Stream
Application Development Solutions/System
AutoCAD Development System
Automated Data Service
Automatic Distribution System
Address Status Changed
Adobe Document Structuring Conventions
Active/Advanced Directory Service Interface
Analog Display Services Interface
Asymmetric(al) Digital Subscriber Line/Loop
Adstar Distributed Storage Manager (IBM)
AppleTalk Data Stream Protocol
Attack, Decay, Sustain, Release
Abrechnungsdatenträger
Abstrakter Datentyp
Advanced DRAM Technology
Application Data Type
Advanced Definition Television
Automatic Dialing Unit
Analysis, Dissemination, Visualization, Insight, and Semantic Enhancement
Automatic Data Exchange
Amtliches Verzeichnis der DATEX-Teilnehmer
Above or Equal
Application Entity
Analogue Expansion Bus
Architectural and Engineering Construction
Ars Electronica Center
Availability Environment Classification
Advanced Embedded Codes Gateway
Abfrageeinrichtung für Datenverkehr
Airlines Engineering Electronics Committee
Allgemeine Electricitäts-Gesellschaft
99
AEH
AEI
AEIOUS
AEM
AEM
AEM
AEMS
AEN
AEP
AEP
AES
AES
AET
AET
AET
AF
AF
AF
AFA
AFA
AFAIAA
AFAIC
AFAIK
AFAIKT
AFAIR
AFB
AFC
AFC
AFC
AFCCU
AFD
AFDM
AFDW
AFE
AFF
AFFS
AFH
AFI
AFII
AFIN
AFIPS
AFIRM
AFIS
AFJ
AFK
AFM
AFM
AFN
AFNIC
AFNOR
AFOD
AFP
AFP
AFP
AFR
AFR
AFR
Advanced Encapsulated Hypertext
Additional Equipment Interface
Advanced Enhanced Interface for Open Universal Systems
Acoustic Emission Monitoring
Asynchronous Event Mechanism
Automatic Emulation Management
Automated Energy Management System
Acknowledgment Error Notification
AppleTalk Echo Protocol
Application Environment Profile (Posix)
Advanced Encryption Standard
Application Environment Specification/Services
Abstract Window Toolkit
Advanced Educational Technology
Application Entity Title
Alternative/Audio Frequency
Anzunehmender Fehler
Auxiliary Carry Flag
Accelerated File Access
Association des Fournisseurs d’Acces et de Services Internet
As Far As I Am Aware (Slang)
As Far As I am Concerned (Slang)
As Far As I Know (Slang)
As Far As I Know Today (Slang)
As Far As I Remember (Slang)
Adobe Font Binary
Antiferro-magnetically Coupled (media)
Automatic Font Change
Automatic Frequency Control
Advanced Function Common Control Unit
Automatic File Distribution
Advanced Fluid Dynamics Model
Active Framework for Data Warehousing
Analog Front End
Adaptive Feed Forward
Amiga Fast File System
Adaptive Frequency Hopping
Authority and Format Identifier
Association for Font Information Interchange
Association Française des Informaticiens
American Federation of Information Processing Societies
Automated Fingerprint Image Reporting and Match
Automated Fingerprint Identification System
April Fool’s Joke (Slang)
Away From Keyboard (Slang)
Adobe Font Manager/Metrics
Audio Frequency Modulation
American Forces Network
Association Francaise pour le Nommage Internet en Cooperation
Association Française de Normalisation
Angebot für Online-Dienste
Advanced Flexible Processor
Advanced Function Presentation/Printing
AppleTalk Filing Protocol
Alternate Frame Rendering
Annualized Failure Rate
Arndt-Ford-Roper Two-pole Fit
100
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
AFS
AFS
AFSK
AFT
AFTEL
AFTN
AFTP
AFU
AFUG
AFUL
AFUU
AFUUSO
AFUV
AG
AGA
AGAF
AGC
AGCH
AGCS
AGCW
AGDX
AGE
AGFMB
AGFPL
AGL
AGNES
AGP
AGP
AGPL
AGRAS
AGU
AGUI
AGV
AH
AHB
AHC
AHCI
AHDL
AHRA
AHREF
AI
AI
AI
AI
AIA
AIC
AID
AIDA
AIDS
AIDS
AIDS
AIFF
AII
AII
AIIM
AIK
AIM
Advanced Freephone Service
Alex/Andrew/Advanced File System
Audio Frequency Shift Keyer/Keying (Modulation)
Adapter Fault Tolerance
Association Francaise de la Telematique Multimedia
Aeronautical Fixed Telecommunication Network
Anonymous FTP (Internet)
alt.folklore.urban
Amateurfunkgesetz
Association francophone des utilisateurs de Linux et des logiciels libres
Association Française des Utilisateurs d’UNIX
Association Française des Utilisateurs d’UNIX et des Systemes Ouverts
Amateurfunkverordnung
Alternating Gradient
Advanced Graphics Adapter/Architecture
Arbeitsgemeinschaft Amateurfunkfernsehen
Automatic Gain Control
Access Grant Channel
Advanced Graphic Chip Set
Arbeitsgemeinschaft CW
Arbeitsgemeinschaft DX e. V., Erlangen
Automatische Gebührenerfassung
Arbeitsgemeinschaft Freier Mailboxen
Aladdin Ghostscript Free Public License
Adobe Glyph List
Automatisches GPS-Netz Schweiz
Accelerated Graphics Port
Advanced Graphics Package (HP)
Affero General Public License (GNU)
Antiglare Antireflective Antistatic
Address Generation Unit
Advanced Graphical User Interface
Automatic Guided Vehicle
Authentication Header
Advanced High Performance Bus
Advanced High Speed CMOS
Advanced Host Controller Interface
Altera Hardware Description Language
Audio Home Recording Act
Anchor Hypertext Reference
Adobe Illustrator
Analogue Input
Artificial Intelligence
Active Interface
Application Integrated Architecture (DEC)
AIX Windows Interface Composer
Alarm Identification on Demand
Attention, Interest, Desire, Action
Activity Information Data System
Anomaly-based Intrusion Detection System
Automatic Installation and Diagnostic Service
Adobe/Audio Interchange File Format
Active Input Interface
Attachement Individual Identifier
Association for Information and Image Management
Angewandte Informatik Karlsruhe e. V.
Advanced Informatics
101
AIM
AIM
AIM
AIMB
AIML
AIMM
AIMS
AIMS
AIN
AIN
AIO
AIO
AIOD
AIP
AIP
AIP
AIPS
AIR
AIR
AIS
AIS
AIS
AIS
AIS
AIS
AIS
AIS
AISB
AISI
AISP
AIT
AIT
AIUI
AIW
AIX
AJAX
AJC
AKA
AKF
AKI
AKL
AKS
AKSIS
AL
AL
AL
AL
ALA
ALAT
ALB
ALC
ALC
ALDC
ALE
ALE
ALE
ALE
AOL Instant Messenger
Automatic Interface Management in Medicine
Apple, Intel, Motorola
As I Mentioned Before (Slang)
Artificial Intelligence Markup Language
AGP In-line Memory Module
Advanced Information Management System
Apple Internet Mail Server
Advanced Intelligent Network
Auto Insert Notification
All In One
Annual Inspection + Overhaul
Automatic Identification of Outward Dialing
Adaptive Internet Protocol
Application Infrastructure Provider
Archive Information Package
Astronomical Image Processing System
Architecture Implementation Review
Automated Image and Restore
Account Information Security (Program)
Administrative/Affiliate Information System
Alarm Indication Signal/System
Application Integration Services
Artificial Immune System
Audit Information System (SAP)
Automated Identification/Information System
Autonomous Intelligent System
Association of Imaging Service Bureaus
As I See It (Slang)
Association of Information Systems Professionals
Advanced Information Technology
Advanced Intelligent Tape
As I Understand It (Slang)
APPN Implementor’s Workshop
Advanced Interactive Executive (IBM)
Asynchronous Javascript And XML
Anti-Jitter Circuit
Also Known As (Slang)
Autokorrelationsfunktion
Arbeitskreis Informatik
Agent Kernel Language
Arbeitskreis Schule (in der GUUG)
Arbeitskreis Schutz von Infrastrukturen
Application Layer
Arbitrated Loop
Assembly Language
Aussagenlogik
American Library Association
Advanced Load Address Table
Adaptive Load Balancing
Arithmetic and Logic Circuit
Automatic Level Control
Advanced Lossless Data Compression
Address Latch Enable
Address Lifetime Expectancy
Application Link Enabling
Application Linking and Embedding
102
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
ALEC
ALEX
ALEX
ALEX
ALEX
ALEX
ALF
ALG
ALGOL
ALI
ALI
ALIBI
ALICE
ALINK
ALIS
ALIWEB
ALM
ALN
ALOE
ALOS
ALP
ALP
ALPM
ALRU
ALS
ALSA
ALT
ALT
ALU
ALWR
AM
AM
AM
AM
AMA
AMA
AMANDDA
AMASS
AMB
AMBA
AMBW
AMC
AMD
AMD
AMDD
AMDS
AME
AMF
AMH
AMI
AMI
AMI
AML
AML
AMLCD
AMMA
AMO
Alternative Local Exchange Carrier
A Lexical Programming Language
Advertising Link Exchange
Altlasten-Expertensystem
Automatic Login Executor
Automated/Automatic Labour Exchange
Accurate positioning by Low Frequency
Application Level Gateway
Algorithmic Language
American Law Institute
Automatic Link Intelligence
Adaptive Location of Internetworked Bases of Inforamtion
Artificial Linguistic Internet Computer Entity
Active Link
Automatic Link Setup
Archie Like Indexing in the Web
Application Loadable Modul
Asynchronous Learning Network
Apple Library for Object Embedding
Auto LISP Object System
Assembly Language Preprocessor
Automatic Language Processing
Aggressive Link Power Management
Automatic Line Record Update
Advanced Low Power Schottky
Advanced Linux Sound Architecture
Alternate
Anti Leech Tracker
Arithmetic Logic/Logical Unit
Arbeitskreis der Leiter Wissenschaftlicher Rechenzentren
Amplitudenmodulation
Anschlussmodul
Anwendungsmodul
Application Maintainer (Debian)
Active Member Addressing (Bluetooth)
Automatic Message Accounting
Automated Messaging and Directory Assistance
Archival Management And Storage System
Advanced Memory Buffer
Advanced Microcontroller Bus Architecture
All My Best Wishes (Slang)
Arbitration and Mediation Center
Active Matrix Display
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., USA
Agile Modelling Driven Development
Amplitude Modulation Data System
Advanced Metal Evaporated
All Media Floppy
Automated Materials Handling
Alternate/Alternative Mark Inversion
American Microsystems Inc.
Application Messaging Interface
ACPI Machine Language
Acronym Master List
Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Display
Advanced Memory Management Architecture
Administration and Maintenance Order
103
AMP
AMP
AMP
AMPL
AMPS
AMR
AMR
AMR
AMR
AMRA
AMRIS
AMRR
AMS
AMS
AMT
AMTEC
AMTOR
AMVER
AMVER
AN
AN
ANAC
ANARC
ANDF
ANF
ANFSCD
ANI
ANIS
ANL
ANL
ANN
ANR
ANRS
ANS
ANS
ANS
ANSA
ANSI
ANTC
ANTIOPE
ANW
AO
AOC
AOC
AOC
AOCE
AOD
AOD
AODBS
AODI
AODV
AOE
AOE
AOI
AOL
AOM
AOP
Advanced Metal Powder
Asymmetric/Asynchronous Multi Processing
Audio MPEG Player
A Mathematical Programming Language
Advanced Mobile Phone Service/System
Adaptive Mesh Refinement
Adaptive Multi Rate (Audio Codec)
Anisotropic Magnetoresistance
Audio Modem Riser
Ants-based Mobile Routing Architecture
Adhoc Multicast Routing Protocol Utilizing Increasing ID-Numbers
Adaptive Multi Rate Retry
American Mathematical Society
Andrew Message System
Apple Media Toolkit
Ausstellung für Amateurfunktechnik, Elektronik, Computer
Amateur Microcomputer Teleprinting Over Radio
Atlantic/Automatic Merchant Vessel (Emergency) Reporting System
Automated Mutual Assistance Vessel Rescue System
Access Network
Accession/Associated Number
Automatic Number Announcement Circuit
Association of North American Radio Clubs
Architecture Neutral Distribution Format
Additional Network Feature
And Now For Something Completely Different (Slang)
Automatic Number Identification (Telefon)
Analoger Anschluss an einer ISDN-Vermittlungsstelle
Argonne National Laboratory, USA
Automatic Noise Limiter
Artificial Neural Network
Advanced/Automatic Network Routing
Automatic Noise Reduction System
Access Network System
Advanced Networking Services (Intel)
American National Standard
Advances Network Systems Architecture
American National Standards Institute
Advanced Networking Test Center
Aquisition Numerique et Televisualisition d’Images Organisees en Page d’Ecriture
International Academic Networking Workshop
Analogue Output
Abnormal Operating Condition
ADSL Overhead Control
Advice Of Charge
Apple Open Collaboration Environment
Advanced Optical Disc
Audio On Demand
Aspect Oriented Database System
Always On Dynamic ISDN
Ad hoc On demand Distance Vector
Application Operating Environment (AT&T)
ATA over Ethernet
Active Output Interface
America Online, Inc.
Annual Operating + Maintenance (cost)
Aspect Oriented Programming
104
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
AOR
AOS
AOS
AOSD
AOSE
AOSS
AOT
AOT
AOT
AOW
AP
AP
AP
AP
APA
APA
APA
APA
APA
APAA
APAR
APAREN
APART
APB
APC
APC
APC
APC
APC
APCUG
APD
APDA
APDU
APE
APE
APEX
APEX
APF
APG
API
APIA
APIC
APIM
APIPA
APL
APL
APM
APN
APN
APNIC
APO
APOL
APOP
APP
APP
APPC
APPI
Atlantic Ocean Region
Add Or Subtract
Advanced Operating System
Aspect Oriented Software Development
Agent Oriented Software Engineering
AirStation One-touch Secure System
Absolutely Off Topic (News)
Ahead Of Time (compilation)
Application Object Template/Tree
Asia and Oceania Workshop (OSI)
Access Point
Adjunct/Application Processor
Application/Adjunct Process/Processor/Program
Automatic Pagination
All Points Addressable
Adaptive Packet Assembly
All Points Addressable
Arithmetic Processing Accelerator
Amateur Press Association
Aggressive Packet Adaptive Assembly
Authorized Program Analysis Report (IBM)
Address Parity Enable
Automated Packet Recognition/Translation
Advanced Peripheral Bus
Application Protocol
Association for Progressive Communications
Arbeitsplatzcomputer
Airborne Public Correspondence
Automated Production Protocol
Association of PC Users Groups
Areal Power Density
Apple Programmers and Developers Association
Application Protocol Data Unit
Abgesetzte Periphere Einheit
Adaptable Persistence Engine
Advanced Packet Exchange
Application Exchange
Active Port Forwarding
Automated Password Generator
Application Program/Programming Interface
Application Program Interface Association
Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller
ATM Interface Port Module
Automatic Private Internet Protocol Addressing
A Programming Language
Application Program Library
Advanced Power Management
Access Point Name
Actual Private Network
Asia Pacific Network Information Centre
Advanced Planner and Optimizer (SAP)
Alternate Person On Line (Slang)
Authenticated Post Office Protocol
Application Portability Profile
Automatic Page Positioning
Advanced Program to Program Communication/Converter (IBM)
Advanced Peer-to-Peer Internetworking
105
APPN
APR
APR
APR
APRIL
APRIL
APRIL
APRIL
APRIL
APRIL
APRP
APRS
APS
APS
APS
APS
APS
APS
APS
APS
APS
APSE
APSL
APSN
APT
APT
APT
APT
APT
APT
APT
APU
AQL
AQL
AR
AR
AR
AR
ARA
ARAG
ARAP
ARAS
ARB
ARB
ARC
ARC
ARC
ARCA
ARCNET
ARD
ARD
ARDF
ARES
ARF
ARI
ARIN
ARIS
Advanced Peer-to-Peer Network/Networking (IBM)
Access Point Roaming
Acoustic Pulse Recognition
Apache Portable Runtime (layer, library)
Active/Passive Radio Interference Lock
Adaptive Photonic Reflection by Inverted Light
Advanced Power Recycling by Integrated Logic
Adverse Psychiatric Reactions Information Link
Association for Promotion and Research in Linux
Association pour la Promotion et la Recherche en Informatique libre
Adaptive Pattern Recognition Processing
Automatic Position Report/Reporting System
Active Pixel Sensor
Advanced Planning and Scheduling
Advanced Printing/Production/Photo System
Array Processing System
Asynchronous Protocol Specification
Automatic Position Select
Asynchronous Protocol Specification
Auto Pilot System
Assembly Programming System
Ada Programming/Project Support Environment
Apple Public Source License
Atlantic Packet Satellite Network
Address Pass Through
Adobe Postscript Point
Advanced Package Tool
Advanced Parallel Technology
Almost Plain Text
Application Program Title
Automatically Programmed Tools
Attached Processing Unit
A Query Language
Acceptable Quality Level
Access Router
Artificial/Augmented Reality
Aspect Ratio
Augmented Reality
Apple/AppleTalk Remote Access
Antireflective Antiglare
Apple Remote Access Protocol
Antireflective Antistatic
Adaptive Rate Based
Architectural/Architecture Review Board
Acceptable Risk Calculator
Acoustic Resonance Control
Advanced RISC Computing
Advanced RISC Computing Architecture
Attached Resource Computer/Computing Network
Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Rundfunkanstalten Deutschlands
Apple Remote Desktop
Amateur Radio Direction Finding
Annuaire Recherche Enseignement Superieur
Abuse Reporting Format
Autofahrer Rundfunk Information
American Registry for Internet Numbers
Architecture of Integrated Information Systems
106
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
ARJ
ARL
ARL
ARL
ARLL
ARM
ARM
ARM
ARM
ARM
ARM
ARM
ARMA
ARMM
ARMS
ARNE
ARNS
AROM
ARP
ARPA
ARPA
ARPL
ARPU
ARQ
ARQ
ARR
ARR
ARRL
ARS
ARS
ARS
ARS
ARS
ARSB
ART
ART
ART
ARTA
ARTIC
ARTOB
ARTS
ARTT
ARU
AS
AS
AS
AS
AS
AS3AP
ASA
ASA
ASA
ASAI
ASAM
ASAP
ASAP
ASB
Admission Reject
Adjusted Ring Length
Association of Research Liberaries, USA
Authority Revocation List
Advanced Run Length Limited
Account Resource Management
Acorn/Advanced RISC Machine
Advanced RISC Machine
Annotated Reference Manual
Application Response Measurment
Arpanet Reference Model
Asynchronous Response Mode
Association of Records Managers and Administrators, USA
Automated Retroactive Minimal Moderation
Architecture for Reliable Managed Storage
Automated Remote Network Evaluation
AppleTalk Remote Network Server
Associative Read Only Memory
Address Resolution Protocol (Internet)
Advanced Research Projects Agency, USA
Automatic Radar Plotting Aid
Adjust Requested Privilege Level
Average Revenue Per Unit/User
Admission Request
Automatic Repeat Request
Annual Return Rate
Automatic Repeat/Retransmission Request
American Radio Relay League
Activity Reporting System
Adaptive Rate System
Address Retrieval System
Atomic Resolution Storage
Automatic Route Selection
Automated Repair Service Bureau
Adaptive Reasoning Technology
Another Ray Tracer
Autorite de Regulation des Telecommunications
Apple Real Time Architecture
A Real-Time Interface Coprocessor (IBM)
Amateur Radio Translator on Balloon
Asynchronous Remote Takeover Server
Asynchronous Remote Takeover Terminal
Audio Response Unit
Abstract Syntax
Anschlusssatz
Application System (IBM)
Authentication Server/Service
Autonomous System
ANSI SQL Standard Scalable and Portable
American Standards Association
Advanced SCSI Architecture
Adaptive Security Algorithm
Adjunct Switch Application Interface
Arbeitskreis zur Standardisierung von Automatisierungs- und Messsystemen
As Soon As Possible (Slang)
Automatic Switching And Processing
Advanced System Buffering/Bus
107
ASB
ASC
ASC
ASC
ASCC
ASCI
ASCII
ASCIIZ
ASCOM
ASD
ASD
ASD
ASDF
ASDF
ASDF
ASE
ASE
ASEA
ASF
ASF
ASF
ASF
ASI
ASI
ASI
ASIC
ASIN
ASIO
ASIP
ASIS
ASIS
ASIS
ASIT
ASK
ASK
ASL
ASL
ASL
ASLM
ASLR
ASM
ASM
ASM
ASM
ASMP
ASN
ASN
ASN
ASN.1
ASO
ASO
ASO
ASP
ASP
ASP
ASP
ASP
Alarm-Signal-Bearbeitung
Accredited Standards Committee (ANSI)
Auditor Security Collection
Authorized Service/Support Center
Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (IBM)
Accelerated/Advanced Strategic Computing Initiative
American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASCII String, Zero Terminated
Asynchronous Communication Control Program
Adaptive Software Development
Application Structure Database
Automatic Skip Driver
Another System Definition Facility
Association of Synchronous Data Formats
Average Squared Difference Function
Advanced Server Environment
Amplified Spontaneous Emission
Allmänna Svenska Electricitets-Aktiebolag, Schweden
Active Movie Streaming Format
Active/Advanced Streaming Format
Apache Software Foundation
Aspect Source Flag
Adapter Support Interface (IBM)
Alarm-Signal-Initialisierung
Application Specific Instruction
Application Specific Integrated Circuit
Amazon Standard Identification Number
Audio Stream Input Output
Application Specific Instruction Set Processor
Ada Semantic Interface Specification
American Society for Industrial Security
American Society for Information Science
Advanced Security and Identification Technology
Akademische Software Kooperation, Karlsruhe
Amplitude Shift Keying
ACPI (Control Method) Source Language
Adaptive Speed Levelling
Architectural Space Laboratory, Zürich
Apple Shared Library Manager
Address Space Layout Randomization
Abstract State Machine
Any Source Multicast
Application Specific Memory
Automated Storage Management
Asymmetric Multi Processing
Abstract Syntax Notation
Access Stack Node
Autonomous System Number
Abstract Syntax Notation One (ISO, CCITT)
Active Sideband Optimum
Address Supporting Organization
Automated Systems Operation
Active Server Page/Pages
Advanced Signal Processor
Advanced Simple Profile
Allegiance Site License Program
AppleTalk Session Protocol
108
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
ASP
ASP
ASP
ASP
ASPEC
ASPI
ASPM
ASPS
ASQ
ASR
ASR
ASR
ASR
ASR
ASRO
ASS
AST
ASTA
ASTAB
ASTRA
ASU
ASUG
ASV
AT
AT
AT
AT
ATA
ATA
ATA
ATAPI
ATB
ATC
ATC
ATC
ATC
ATCA
ATCP
ATDM
ATDMA
ATDP
ATDT
ATE
ATF
ATF
ATFSM
ATH
ATH
ATIM
ATIP
ATIS
ATIS
ATIS
ATK
ATKIS
ATL
ATL
Application Service Provider
Association of Shareware Professionals
Attached Support Processor
Authorized Service Provider/Providing
Adaptive Spectral Perceptual Entropy Encoding
Advanced SCSI Programming Interface
Active State Power Management
Advanced Signal Processing System
Automated Software Quality
Ada Software Repository
Address Space Register
Automatic Send Receive
Automatic Speech Recognition
Automatic System Recovery
Asociata de Standardizare din Romania
Aural Style Sheet
Anwendungsschnittstelle
Anti Spam Technical Alliance
Asychronous Status Board
Association Tunesienne des Radio Amateurs
Asynchron/Synchron-Umsetzer
America’s SAP Users’ Group
Advanced Super View
Atomic Time
Advanced/Assistive Technology
Attention (Hayes)
Attenuator
Analog Telefon/Terminal Adapter
AT (Bus) Attachment (Interface)
Advanced Technology Attachment
AT Attachment Packet Interface
All Trunks Busy
Adaptive Transform Coding
Address Translation Cache
Advanced Transfer Cache
ATM Transfer Capability
Advanced Telecom Computing Architecture
AppleTalk Control Protocol
Asynchronous Time Division Multiplexing
Advanced/Asynchronous Time Division Multiple Access
Attention Dial Pulse (Hayes)
Attention Dial Tone (Hayes)
Automated/Automatic Test/Testing Equipment
Automatic Track Finding/Following
Asynchronous Transfer
Ask The Friendly System Manager (Slang)
Abbreviated Trouble History
Attention Hangup (Hayes)
Ad-hoc Traffic Indication Map/Message
Absolute Time In Pregroove
A Tools Integration Standard
Automatic Terminal Information Service
Automatic Transmitter Identification System
Andrew Toolkit
Amtliches Topographisch-Kartographisches Informationssystem
Active Template Library
Automatic Tape Library
109
ATLAS
ATM
ATM
ATM
ATM
ATMARP
ATM-CC
ATMP
ATN
ATO
ATOM
ATP
ATP
ATP
ATPS
ATR
ATR
ATR
ATRAC
ATRC
ATS
ATS
ATS
ATS
ATS
ATSC
ATST
AT&T
ATT
ATT
ATTC
ATV
ATX
AU
AUA
AUC
AUDIT
AUE
AUFS
AUG
AUGE
AUI
AUI
AUIS
AUP
AUTEX
AUX
AUX
AV
AV
AV
AVA
AVA
AVA
AVC
AVC
AVC
Abreviated Test Language for All Systems
Adobe Type/Typeface Manager
Asynchronous Transfer Mode
At The Moment (Slang)
Automated/Automatic Teller Machine
ATM Address Resolution Protocol
ATM Crossconnect
Ascend Tunnel Management Protocol
Aeronautical Telecommunications Network
Assemble/Assembly To Order
Advanced Terminal for Operation and Maintenance
Acceptance Test Procedure
AppleTalk Transaction Protocol
Adaptive Tolerant Protocol
AppleTalk Printing Services
Answer To Reset
Attribute
Automatic Terminal Recognition
Adaptive Transform Acoustic Coding
Adaptive Technology Resource Center, U. of Toronto
Administrative Terminal System
Advanced Training Solution
Apple Terminal Services
Author Title Subject
Automatic Transfer Switch
Advanced Television Systems Committee
At The Same Time (Slang)
American Telephone and Telegraph
Attenuator
At This Time (Slang)
Advanced Television Test Center, USA
Advanced/Amateur Television
Advanced Technology Extended
Administrative/Arithmetic/Access Unit
Architecture Unifiee d’Applications
Authentication/Authority Centre
Automated/Automatic Data Input Terminal
Andrew User Environment
Another Union Files System
Apollo/Arcnet User Group
Apple User Group Europe
Archiver User Interface
Attached/Attachment Unit/Universal Interface (Ethernet)
Andrew User Interface System
Acceptable/Appropriate Use Policy (Internet)
Automatische Telex- und Teletexauskunft der DBP
Auxiliary
Apple UNIX
Antivirus
audio-visuell, Audio-Video
Authenticity Verification
Audio Visual Authoring (IBM)
Anruf-Variante
Attribute Value Assertion
Access Vector Cache
Advanced Video Coding
Audio Visual Connection
110
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
AVC
AVC
AVCD
AVCHD
AVD
AVERT
AVERZTXTTX
AVG
AVI
AVI
AVI
AVIA
AVK
AVK
AVL
AVN
AVON
AVP
AVR
AVRCP
AVS
AVS
AVS
AVSM
AVSP
AVSS
AVVID
AWA
AWADO
AWB
AWC
AWCG
AWD
AWE
AWE
AWF
AWG
AWGN
AWGTHTGTTA
AWHFY
AWL
AWL
AWL
AWS
AWS
AWS
AWS
AWS
AWS
AWT
AWU
AX
AXE
AXTLK
AXU
AYOR
AYST
Automatic Volume Control
Audio Visual Connection (IBM)
Audio Visual Computer Display
Advanced Video Codec High Definition
Alternate Voice or Data
Antivirus Emergency Response Team (NAI)
Amtliches Telex- und Teletexverzeichnis der DBP
Average
Audio Video/Visual Interleave/Interleaved (Microsoft)
Audiovisuelle Integration
Advanced Visual Interface
Architecture for Virtual Interfaces for Applications
Application Verification Kit
Audio-Video Kernel
Adelson-Velskij, Landis (-Baum)
Adobe Virtual Network
Amtliches Verzeichnis der Ortsnetze
Attribute Value Pair
Automatic Voice Recognition
Audio Video Remote Control Profile
Advanced Visual System
Altersverifikationssystem
Application Visualization System (IBM)
Audio-Visual Storage Manager
Advanced Video Signal Processor
Audio-Video Subsystem Software
Architecture for Voice, Video and Integrated Data (Cisco)
A While Ago (Slang)
Automatischer Wechselschalter in der Anschlussdose
A While Back (Slang)
Association of Women in Computing
Add With Carry (random number) Generator
Automatische Wähleinrichtung für Datenverbindungen
Address Windowing Extensions
Advanced Workstation Environment
Ausbildung, Weiterbildung, Fortbildung
American Wire Gauge
Additive White Gaussian Noise
Are We Going To Have To Go Through This Again? (Slang)
Are We Having Fun Yet? (Slang)
Anweisungsliste (DIN 19 239)
Auswahl-Logik
Auto Whitelist
Administrative Workstation
Advanced Workstations and Systems (group) (IBM)
Amazon Web Services
Apple Workgroup Server
Anrufweiterschaltung
Anwendungssoftware
Abstract/Advanced Window/Windowing Toolkit
Auto Wake Up
Automatic Transmission
Applications Execution Environment
Alien Crosstalk
Application Specific Execution Unit
At Your Own Risc (Slang)
Are You Still There? (Slang)
111
AZ
AZB
Azimut
Anzeige-Befehl
B
B
B
B2B
B2C
B2E
B2P
B4
B4N
BA
BAC
BAC
BACP
BAD
BAG
BAI
BAK
BAK
BAK
BAKT
BAL
BALUN
BAM
BAM
BAM
BAM
BAN
BAP
BAPI
BAPI
BAPT
BARRNET
BARTS
BAS
BAS
BAS
BASH
BASIC
BASIS
BASM
BAT
BAT
BATC
BATV
BAZ
BB
BB
BB
BBAE
BBAN
BBC
BBCI
BBK
Basic, Binary, Bit, Block, British, Bus, Business, Byte
Backward
Bandwidth
Business To Business
Business To Consumer
Business To Employee
Business To Private
Before (Slang)
Bye For Now (Slang)
Busankoppler
Balanced Asynchronous Class
Basic Access Control
Bandwidth Allocation Control Protocol
Broken As Designed
Buchhändlerische Abrechnungsgesellschaft
Basic Rate Interface
Back At Keyboard (Slang)
Backup
Binary Adaption Kit (Microsoft)
Basisanschlusskonzentrator
Basic Assembly Language
Balanced Unbalanced (transformator)
Berkeley Abstract Machine
Block Availability Map
Boyan Action Module
Bundesanstalt für Materialprüfung, Berlin
Body Area Network
Bandwidth Allocation Protocol
Biometric Application Program Interface
Business Application Programming Interface
Bundesamt Post und Telekommunikation, Mainz
Bay Area Regional Research Network
Bell Atlantic Regional Timesharing
Bild-Austast-Synchron(-Signal)
Bitrate Allocation Signal
Btx Anwendungsschnittstelle
Bourne Again Shell
Beginner’s All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
Battelle Automated Search Information System
Built-In Assembler
Baby AT Board
Block Address Translation
Block Address Translation Cache
Bounce Address Tag Validation
Belegauswertung von Zahlungsvorgängen
Bandwidth Broker
Base Band
beschränkt balanciert (Baum)
Breitband-Anschluss-Einheit (DSL-Splitter)
Basic Bank Account Number
British Broadcasting Corporation
Berlin Brain/Bregen Computer Interface
Basic/Business Bookkeeping
112
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
BBK
BBK
BBK
BBK
BBK
BBK
BBK
BBL
BBN
BBNS
BBR
BBR
BBRA
BBS
BBS
BBS
BC
BC
BCA
BCAM
BCC
BCC
BCCH
BCD
BCD
BCE
BCF
BCFSK
BCH
BCI
BCI
BCL
BCL
BCL
BCM
BCM
BCM
BCM
BCM
BCM
BCM
BCM
BCM
BCM
BCM
BCM
BCN
BCNF
BCNU
BCP
BCP
BCP
BCP
BCPL
BCR
BCS
BCS
Be Back Ok? (Slang)
Berkom Berliner Kommunikationssystem
Berliner Bibliothekswissenschaftliches Kolloquium
Birkbeck University of London
Breitbandkabel (auch BK)
Broadcast Block
Buchführung, Bilanzierung, Kostenrechnung
Be Back Later (Slang)
Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, Mass. (Internet)
Broadband Network Services
Backbone Ring
Burnt Beyond Recognition (Slang)
Bad Block Relocation Area
Band-Betriebssystem
BIOS Boot Select/Specification
Bulletin Board System
Begin Chain
Business Class
Burst Cutting Area
Basic Communication Access Method
Blind Carbon Copy
Block Check/Checking Character
Broadcast Control Channel
Barcode Decal
Binary Coded Decimal
Bell Canada Enterprises
Bandwidth Change Confirmation
Binary Coded Frequency Shift Keying
Bose-Chaudhuri-Hocquenghem (-Code)
Batibus Club International
Broadcast Interference
Base Class Libraries
Batch Command Language
Broadcast Listener
Bachelor of Computer and Mathematical Sciences
Back Channel Message
Basic Call/Connection Management/Manager
Basic Computing Module
Basic Control Monitor
Battery/Bound Control Module
Binary Coded Matrix
Bit Clock Model
Bit Compression Multiplexer
Block Coded Modualtion
Broadcast Manager (IBM)
Bus Converter Module
Beacon
Boyce Codd Normal Form
Be Seeing You (Slang)
Best Current Practice
Binary/Byte/Bridging Control Protocol
Bridging Control Protocol
Bulk Copy Program
Basic Computer/Combined Programming Language
Byte Count Register
Bar Code Sorter
BASF Computer Services
113
BCS
BCS
BCS
BCTS
BD
BDA
BDA
BDC
BDD
BDE
BDE
BDE
BDF
BDF
BDF
BDK
BDLC
BDLS
BDO
BDOS
BDP
BDPP
BDR
BDR
BDSC
BDSG
BDSL
BDU
BE
BE
BE
BEB
BECN
BEDO
BEE
BEEP
BEER
BEL
BELLCORE
BELUG
BEM
BEN
BEP
BER
BER
BERKOM
BERT
BESYS
BETC
BEV
BF
BF
B/F
BFBI
BFDI
BFF
BFI
Black Check Sequence
Boeing Computer Services
British Computer Society
Backup Courier Time Server
Blu-ray Disc
BIOS Data Area
Broadcast Driver Architecture
Backup Domain Controller
Business Desktop Deployment
Betriebsdatenerfassung
BitLocker Drive Encryption
Borland Database Engine
Binary Distribution Format
Bitmap Description/Display Format
Bitmap Distribution Format (Adobe)
Beans Development Kit
Burroughs Data Link Control
Bidirectional Loop Switching
Bidrectional Overwrite
Basic Disk Operating System
Bandwidth Delay Product
Biometric Device Protection Profile
Beowulf Design Rules
Bus Device Request
Britisch Document Supply Center
Bundesdatenschutzgesetz
Broadband Digital Subscriber Line
Brain Dead User (Slang)
Below or Equal
Beschaltungseinheit
Burst Error
Binary Exponential Backoff
Backward Explicit Congestion Notification
Burst Extended Data Out (DRAM)
Bertelsmann Electronic Edition
Blocks Extensible Exchange Protocol
Binary Error Exchange Rate
Bell (ASCII-Zeichen Nr. 7)
Bell Communications Research, Inc.
Bellevue Linux Users Group
Boundary Element Method
Bestätigungsnummer
Bertelsmann Electronic Publishing
Basic Encoding Rules
Bit/Block Error Rate
Berliner Kommunikationssystem
Bit Error Rate Test/Tester
Bell Operating System
Between Chain
Boot Entry Vector
Bad Flag
Boundary Function
Background/Foreground
Brute Force and Bloody Ignorance (Slang)
Bundesbeauftragter für Datenschutz und Informationsfreiheit
Binary File Format
Brute Force and Ignorance (Slang)
114
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
BFMI
BFN
BFN
BFO
BFS
BFS
BFS
BFS
BFS
BFT
BFTP
BFU
BFU
BFV
BG
BG
BG
BGA
BGE
BGI
BGM
BGMP
BGP
BGT
BH
BH
BHCA
BHI
BHIS
BHLI
BHMD
BHO
BHOF
BHP
BHT
BI
BI
BI
BI
BIA
BIB
BIBOP
BIC
BICI
BICS
BICS
BIDI
BIDS
BIFET
BIFF
BIFS
BIGFON
BILLI
BIM
BIMOS
BIN
BINAC
Brute Force and Massive Ignorance (Slang)
British Forces Network
Bye For Now (Slang)
Beat Frequency Oscillator
Be File System (BeOS)
Big File Scanner
Bitfile Server
(Unixware) Boot File System
Breadth First Search
Binary File Transfer
Batch/Background File Transfer Protocol
Betriebsführungsumsetzer
Brain Free User (Slang)
Betriebs-Führungs-Vorfeldrechner
Background
Big Grin (Slang)
Black Generation
Ball Grid Array
Branch if Greater or Equal
Borland’s Graphics Interface
Background Menu
Border Gateway Multicast Protocol
Border Gateway Protocol (Internet)
Branch if Greater Than
Bottom Half
Branch and Hang
Busy Hour Call Attempts
Branch if Higher
Branch if Higher or Same
Broadband High Level Information
Binocular Helmet Mounted Display
Browser Helper Object
Bald Headed Old Fart (Slang)
Bayerische Hacker-Post
Branch History Table
Binary Input
Breidbart Index
Broadcast Invite
Business Intelligence
Bump In the API
Bus Interface Board
Big Bag Of Pages
Bank Identifier Code
Broadband Inter Carrier Interface
Beratungsstelle für informationstechnische Bildung und Computereinsatz in Schulen, Berlin
Binnenvaart Informatie en Communicatie Systeem
Bidirectional
Broadband Internet Delivery System
Bipolar Field Effect Transistor
Binary Interchange File Format
Binary Format For Scenes
Breitbandiges Integriertes Glasfaser-Fernmelde-Ortsnetz
Buried Implanted Layer for Lateral Isolation
Begin of Information Marker
Bipolar Metal Oxide Semiconductor
Bachelor of Information Networking
Binary Automatic Computer
115
BIND
BINHEX
BION
BIOS
BIP
BIP
BIPM
BIPM
BIPS
BIS
BIS
BISDN
BIST
BISYNC
BIT
BIT
BIT
BIT
BIT
BIT
BIT
BIT
BIT
BIT
BIT
BIT
BIT
BITD
BITKOM
BITNET
BITNIC
BITS
BITV
BIU
BIU
BIW
BIX
BJ
BJC
BJOERN
BK
BK
BK
BKH
BKL
BKS
BKZ
BL
BL
BL
BLACS
BLADE
BLAM
BLAS
BLAST
BLAST
BLC
Berkeley Internet Name Domain
Binary Hexadecimal
Believe It Or Not (Slang)
Basic Input Output System
Basic Imaging Profile
Bit-Interleaved Parity
Bipartite Matching Code
Bureau International des Poids et Mesures
Billions Instructions Per Second
Bibliotheks- und Informationssystem
Business Information System
Broadband/Breitband-ISDN
Built-In Self Test
Binary Synchronous Communication Protocol (IBM)
Base Item Type
Basic Interconnection Test
Basic Interface Telephone
Because It’s Time (network)
Binary Digit
Bipolar Integrated Technology
Board of Information Technology
Broadband Information Technology
Broadband Internet Terminal
Built-In Testing
Business and Information Technology
Business Internet Trends
Bytecode Instrumenting Tool
Back In The Day (Slang)
Bundesverband Informationswirtschaft, Telekommunikation und Neue Medien
Because It’s Time Network (ein NJE-Netz)
Bitnet Network Information Center
Background Intelligent Transfer Service
Verordnung zur Schaffung barrierefreier Informationstechnik nach dem Behindertengleic
Basic Information Unit
Bus Interface Unit
Business Intelligence Warehouse
Byte Information Exchange (ein BBS)
Backjumping
Bubblejet Color
Balanced Job Execution on Remote Network
Break In
Breitbandkabel (auch BBK)
Bürokommunikation
Bekennender Konsolen-/Kommandozeilen-Heini (Slang)
Big Kernel Lock
Bundesverband Kabel + Satellit
Bereichskennzahl (Datex, Btx)
Backlit
Betriebslenkung
Bit Line
Basic Linear Algebra Communication Routines
Basic Linear Algebra for Distributed Environments
Binary Logarithmic Arbitration Method
Basic Linear Algebra Subroutines
Bell Labs Layered Space Time
Blocked Asynchronous Transmission (Protocol)
Beam Landing Correction
116
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
BLE
BLER
BLERA
BLERB
BLERT
BLI
BLK
BLK
BLLI
BLM
BLMC
BLOB
BLOC
BLOG
BLOS
BLR
BM
BM
BM
BM
BMC
BMI
BMIC
BMJ
BMP
BMP
BMP
BMP
BMPP
BMPT
BMS
BMUG
BNA
BNC
BNC
BNC
BNC
BNE
BNEP
BNF
BNF
BNFSCD
BNI
BNK
BNPF
BNS
BNS
BNU
BO
BO
BO
BOA
BOART
BOB
BOB
BOC
BOC
Branch if Less or Equal
Block Error Rate
Block Error Rate After Recording
Block Error Rate Before Recording
Block Error Rate Test
Business Logic Integration
Betriebs-Lenkungs-Konzentrator
Block
Broadband Low Level Information
Bayerische Landeszentrale für Neue Medien, München
Buried Logic Macrocell
Binary Large Object
Brutto Lines Of Code
(short for:) Weblog, World Wide Web Logbook
Branch if Lower or Same
Beacon-Less Routing
Backmarking
Bitonic Merge (Graph, Netz)
Burst Mode
Byte Me (Slang)
Block Multiplex Channel
Branch if Minus
Bus Master Interface Controller (Intel)
Backmarking with Backjumping
Basic Mapping Support
Basic Multilingual Plane (Unicode)
Batch Message Processing (Program)
Bitmap
Bulk Mail Preferences Protocol
Bundesministerium für Post- und Telekommunikation
Broadcast Message Server
Berkeley MacIntosh Users Group
Bundesnetzagentur
Baby N Connector
Bayonet Neill Concelman
Bayonet Nut Coupling
Brain Not Connected (Slang)
Branch if Not Equal
Bluetooth Network Encapsulation Protocol
Backus-Naur Form
Big Name Fan (Slang)
But Now For Something Completely Different (Slang)
Before Next Interaction
Betriebsführungs-Netzknoten
Begin Negative Positive Finish
Backbone Network Service
Broadband Network Services
Basic Network/Networking Utilities (uucp)
Back Orifice
Binary Output
Bit Oxide (Garbage)
Basic Object Adapter
Bus Oriented Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter
Box Of Bits
Break-Out Box
Basic Operator Console
Bell Operating Company
117
BOD
BOF
BOF
BOF
BOFH
BOFS
BOG
BOI
BOINC
BOM
BOM
BOM
BOM
BOM
BON
BOND
BONT
BOOM
BOOTP
BOP
BOP
BOPS
BOR
BORE
BORQU
BOS
BOS
BOS
BOS
BOSS
BOSS
BOT
BOT
BP
BP
BP
BPB
BPD
BPD
BPDU
BPEL
BPF
BPF
BPF
BPH
BPI
BPJM
BPL
BPL
BPL
BPL
BPM
BPM
BPM
BPO
BPP
BPP
Bandwidth/Book On Demand
Begin Of File
Birds Of a Feather (Slang)
Board of Fellows
Bastard Operator From Hell
Birds Of a Feather Session (Slang)
BIND Operations Guide
Balkan/Baltic Olympiad in Informatics
Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing
Basic Online Memory
Begin Of Message/Media
Bill Of Materials
Business Object Model
Byte Order Mark
Business Object Notation
Bandwidth On Demand
Broadband Optical Network Termination
Binocular Omni-Oriented/Orientation Monitor
Bootstrap Protocol (Internet)
Begin Of Page/Partition
Bit Oriented Protocol
Billion Operations Per Second
Basic Output Report
Broken Once Running Everywhere
Borland Quattro
Basic Operating System
Basic OverSeer (Server)
Behörden und Organisationen mit Sicherheitsaufgaben
Bottom Of Stack
Bharat Operating System Solutions
Business Office Servicing System
Back On Topic (Slang)
Begin Of Tape/Table/Transaction
Bandpass
Base Pointer
Breakpoint
BIOS Parameter Block
Bank-Parameter-Datei
Border Protection Device
Bridge Protocol Data Unit
Business Process Execution Language
Band Pass Filter
Berkeley Packet Filter
Breakpoint Function
Break Permitted Here
bits per inch
Bundesprüfstelle für jugendgefährdende Medien
Bedienplatz
Branch if Plus
Broadband Over Powerline
Bugs Per Line
Bundespostministerium
Business Performance Management
Business Process Management/Modelling
Business Process Outsourcing
Basic Printing Profile
Binary Packing Problem
118
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
BPP
BPP
BPR
BPS
BPSK
BPU
BQP
BQS
BR
BR
BRAM
BRAS
BRB
BRD
BRE
BREAD
BREP
BRGC
BRI
BRI
BRIM
BRJ
BRL
BRQ
BRS
BRS
BRS
BRS
BS
BS
BS
BS
BS
BSA
BSA
BSAM
BSB
BSC
BSC
BSC
BSC
BSCW
BSD
BSD
BSDL
BSF
BSF
BSI
BSI
BSM
BSM
BSMTP
BSOD
BSP
BSP
BSP
BSP
Bits Per Pixel
Bounded error, Probabilistic, Polynomial time
Business Process Reengineering
bits/bytes per second
Binary Phase Shift Keying
Branch Prediction Unit
Bounded error, Quantum, Polynomial time
Berkeley Quality Software
Bad Register
Bit Rate
Broadcast Recognizing Access Method
Broadband Remote Access Server
Be Right Back (Slang)
Blu-ray Disc
Basic Regular Expression
Browse, Read, Edit, Add, Delete
Boundary Representation
Binary Reflected Gray Code
Basic Rate Interface (ISDN)
Brain Response Interface
Bridge Router Interface Module
Bandwidth Change Reject
Ballistics Research Laboratory
Bandwidth Change Request
Bibliographic Retrieval System
Big Red Switch (IBM PC)
Break Request Signal
Business Recovery Services (IBM)
Backspace
Base Station
Betriebssystem
Bitonic Sort (Graph)
Broadcast Satellite
Bitstrom-Anschluss
Business Software Alliance
Basic Sequential Access Method
Blockate State Block
Base Station Controller
Binary Synchronous Communications
Bisynchronous/Binary Synchronous Communication (IBM)
Boyan Script
Basic Support for Cooperative Work
Basic Standard Definiton
Berkeley Software/Source/System Design/Distribution
Boundary Scan Description Language
Bit Scan Forward
But Seriously Folks (Slang)
British Standards Institute
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
Basic Storage Module
Bracket State Manager
Batch Simple Message Transfer Protocol
Blue Screen Of Death
Binary Space Partition/Partitioning
Bug Squashing Party
Bulk Synchronous Parallel (Processing)
Byte Stream Protocol
119
BSR
BSR
BSR
BSRAM
BSS
BSS
BSS
BSS
BSS
BSS
BSS
BSS
BSSID
BST
BSU
BSV
BSY
BSYNC
BT
BT
BT
BT
BTA
BTAC
BTAIM
BTAM
BTB
BTC
BTC
BTC
BTDT
BTHOM
BTI
BTI
BTIC
BTK
BTL
BTLB
BTMA
BTO
BTOA
BTP
BTP
BTP
BTR
BTRFS
BTS
BTS
BTS
BTSOOM
BTU
BTW
BTX
BTX
BU
BUAF
BUAG
Betriebssystem für Reelle Speicher
Bit Scan Reverse
Board of Standards Review (ANSI)
Burst Static Random Access Memory
Base Station Subsystem
Basic Service Set (WLAN)
Blank Storage Space
Blind Source Separation
Block Started by Symbol
Block Storage Segment
Broadband Switching System
Business Support System
Basic Service Set Identifier
Binary Search Tree
Basic Striping Unit
Betriebssystem für Virtuelle Adressierung
Busy
Binary Synchronous Communications (Protocol)
Bit Test
Bluetooth
British Telecom/Telecommunications
Burst Tolerance
But Then Again (Slang)
Branch Target Address Cache
Be That As It May (Slang)
Basic Telecommunication Access Method (IBM)
Branch Target Buffer
Bit Test and Complement
Biting The Carpet (Slang)
Broadband Transfer Capability
Been There Done That (Slang)
Beats The Hell Outta Me (Slang)
British Telecom International
Business Type Identifier
But Then, I’am Crazy (Slang)
Back To Keyboard (Slang)
Bell Telephone Laboratories
Block TLB
Busy Tone Multiple Access
Built To Order
Binary To ASCII
Banana Tree Protocol
Batch Transfer Program
Business Transaction Protocol
Bit Test and Reset
B-Tree File System
Base Transceiver Station/System
Bit Test and Set
Bug Tracking System
Beats The Shit Out Of Me (Slang)
Basic Transmission Unit
By The Way (Slang)
Balanced Technology Extended
Bildschirmtext
Branch Unit
Big Ugly ASCII Font
Big Ugly ASCII Graphic
120
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
BUBL
BUCS
BUF
BUMS
BUP
BUP
BUS
BUS
BUS
BUUG
BVB
BVD
BVDM
BVDW
BVH
BVIT
BVSE
BVSI
BVV
BW
BWA
BWF
BWIN
BWM
BWQ
BWSN
BWT
BWT
BYKT
BYP
BZ
BZR
BZT
BZV
BZV
BZVD
Bulletin Board for Libraries
Budgeting and Computing System
Buffer
Broadband Unified Messaging System
Backup (file)
Buffer Underrun Protection
Bild und Schrift
Binary Utility System
Broadcast and Unknown Server
Belgian UNIX Users Group
Bundesverband Informations- und Kommunikationssysteme
Boot Volume Descriptor
Bundesverband Druck und Medien
Bundesverband Digitale Wirtschaft
Base Video Handler
Bundesverband Informationstechnologien, Bonn
Bundesverband für Sekundärrohstoffe und Entsorgung
Bundesverband der Selbständigen in der Informatik
Bundesverband Audiovisuelle Medien
Bandwidth
Broadband Wireless Access
Broadcast Wave Format
Breitband Wissenschafts-Netz
Block Write Mode
Buzz Word Quotient
Baden-Württembergisches Schulnetz
Broadband Wireless Technology
Burrows Wheeler Transformation
But You Knew That (Slang)
Bypass
Betriebszentrale
Befehlzählregister
Bundesamt für Zulassungen in der Telekommunikation
Bargeldloser/Belegorientierter Zahlungsverkehr
Befristeter Zählervergleich
Beratungszentrum für Videokonferenzdienste, Dresden
C
C2C
C2CC
C2D
C3I
C4
CA
CA
CA
CA
CA
CA
CA
CA
CA
CAA
CAAD
CAB
CAB
Cable, Communication, Computer, Conference, Control
Consumer To Consumer
Car To Car Communication
Character To Decimal
Command, Control, Communication, Intelligence
Command, Control, Communication + Computers
Cable
Call Agent
Cellular Automaton
Certification Authority
Collision Avoidance
Common Applications
Computer Animation
Computer Associates
Conditional Access
Computer Aided Assembling/Anthropometrics/Animation
Computer Aided Architectural Design
Cabinet (Microsoft)
Compressed Application Binary
121
CAB
CAC
CAC
CAC
CACLS
CACM
CAD
CAD
CAD
CADAM
CADAPSO
CADD
CADD
CADE
CADE
CADEP
CADIC
CADIS
CADMAT
CADMOS
CADOS
CAE
CAE
CAE
CAE
CAEN
CAEX
CAF
CAF
CAFE
CAFM
CAG
CAG
CAH
CAHN
CAI
CAI
CAI
CAI
CAIN
CAIR
CAIRN
CAIRS
CAIS
CAIT
CAK
CAL
CAL
CAL
CAL
CAL
CALAS
CALC
CALEA
CALIES
CALL
CALLE
Computer Aided Breakfast
Carrier/Channel Access Code
Computer Aided Consulting/Computing/Creativity/Christmas/Crime
Connection Admission Control
Change Line Access Control Lists
Communications of the ACM
Class Association Diagram
Computer Aided Design/Detection
Computer Aided Dinner
Computer Aided Design And Manufacturing
Canadian Assosciation of Data Processing Organizations
Computer Aided Design and Drafting
Computer Aided Drug Design
Client/Server Application Development Environment
Computer Aided Data Entry
Computer Aided Design of Electronic Products
Computer Aided Design of Integrated Circuits
Computer Aided Design Interactive System (Siemens)
Computer Aided Design, Manufacturing and Testing
Computerorientiertes Administrations- und Organisationssystem
Computer Aided Design of Systems
Client Application Enabler
Common Applications Environment
Computer Aided/Assisted Education
Computer Aided Engineering
Chemically Assembled Electronic Nanocomputer
Computer Aided Exploration
Computer Aided Fishing
Computer and Academic Freedom
Conditional Access For Europe
Computer Aided Facilities Management
Chassis Air Guide
Column Adress Generator
Computer Aided Holidays/Homework/Hausaufgaben
Cellular Assisted Heterogeneous Networking
Common Air Interface
Computer Aided Industry
Computer Aided Inspiration
Computer Aided/Assisted Instruction
Controlled Access by Individual Number
Comprehensive Assessment Information Rule
Collaborative Advanced Interagency Research Network
Computerized Accident/Incident Reporting System
Common APSE Interface Set
Computer Aided Inspection and Testing
Computer-Anwendungen Karlsruhe
Client Access License
Common Assembly Language
Computer Aided Life/Learning/Lunch
Computer Animation Language
Conversational Algebraic Language
Computer Aided Laboratory Automation System
Customer Access Line Charge
Communications Assistance for/to Law Enforcement Act
Computer Aided Locomotion by Implanted Electrical Stimulation
Computer Aided/Assisted Language Learning
Control Application Link Layer Engineering
122
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
CALM
CALS
CALTECH
CAM
CAM
CAM
CAM
CAM
CAM
CAMAC
CAMD
CAMEL
CAML
CAMP
CAMP
CAN
CAN
CAN
CAN
CAN
CAN
CAN
CAN
CANAL
CANS
CANUNET
CAO
CAO
CAP
CAP
CAP
CAP
CAP
CAP
CAP
CAP
CAP
CAP
CAP
CAP
CAP
CAPD
CAPE
CAPE
CAPI
CAPI
CAPP
CAPP
CAPP
CAPP
CAPP
CAPPC
CAPPP
CAPS
CAPS
CAPS
CAPSC
Collected Algorithms for Learning Machines
Continuous Acquisition and Lifecycle Support
California Institute of Technology
Central Address Memory
Common/Communication Access Method
Computer Aided Machining/Manufacturing
Concentrator/Conditional Access Module
Conditional Access Module
Content Addressable/Addressed Memory
Computer Automated Measurement And Control
Computer Aided Molecular Design
Computer Assisted Education Language
Categorial Abstract Machine Language
Compiler for Automatic Machine Programming
Computer Assisted Movie Production
Campus/Communications/Complete Area Network
Cancel
Cancel Line
Car Area Network
Community Alert Network
Content Addressable Network
Controller Area Network
Customer Access Network
Catalog with Natural Language Access
Computer Assisted Network System
Canadian University Computer Network
Computer Aided Administration and Organization
Computer Aided Optimization
Calendar Access Protocol
Carrierless Amplitude Modulation/Phase Modulation
Central Arbitration Point
Columbia AppleTalk Package
Common Alerting Protocol
Communication Application Platform
Competitive Access Provider
Computer Aided Planning/Production/Publishing
Computer Application Profile
Computing for Analysis Project
Content Access Point
Continuous Audit Program
CTM Access Profile
Computer To Assist Persons with Disabilities
Computer Aided Pattern Engineering
Concurrent Art-to-Product Environment
Common ISDN Application Programming Interface
Communication Application Program Interface
Carrierless Amplitude Phase
Computer Aided Printing and Publishing
Computer Aided Process/Production Planning
Computer Applications Program
Computer Assisted Payment Processing
Computer Aided Production Planning and Control
Computer Aided Process and Production Planning
Capitals (Großbuchstaben)
Cassette Programming System
Computer Assisted Problem Solving
Computer Aided Production Scheduling and Control
123
CAPTAIN
CAPTCHA
CAQ
CAR
CAR
CAR
CAR
CAR
CARA
CARAM
CARD
CARDIS
CARE
CARE
CARL
CARL
CARLOS
CARO
CARP
CARP
CARS
CARS
CARS
CART
CAS
CAS
CAS
CAS
CAS
CAS
CASC
CASD
CASE
CASE
CASE
CASL
CASL
CASS
CASS
CASSIS
CAST
CAST
CAST
CAST
CAT
CAT
CAT
CAT
CAT
CAT
CAT
CAT
CAT
CAT
CATIA
CATNIP
CATP
Character and Pattern Telephon Access Information Network
Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart
Computer Aided Quality Assurance/Control
Committed Access Rate
Computer Assisted Radiology
Channel Address Register
Compressed Audio Recording
Computer Aided Retrieval
Computer Aided Radio Amateur
Content Addressable Random Access Memory
Cluster Aware Remote Disk
Cargo Data Interchange System
Computer Aided Reliability Estimation
Computer Aided Reverse Engineering
Chemisches Aufweiten von Resist-Linien (Siemens)
Colorado Alliance of Research Libraries
Cancer Registry Lower Saxony
Computer Anti-Virus Research Organization
Caching RSS Parser
Common Address Redundancy Protocol
Computer Aided Risc Simulation
Computer Aided Routing System
Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Computer Assisted Radar Tomography
Collision Avoidance System
Column Address Select/Strobe
Communicating Applications Specification
Computer Aided Selling/Service/Styling
Computer Algebra System
Conditional/Control/Communication Access System
Coalition for Academic Supercomputer Centers
Computer Aided System Design
Common Applications Service Element
Computer Aided Software Engineering
Computer Aided System Evaluation
Common Algebraic Specification Language
Crosstalk Application Scripting Language
Computer Assisted Search Service
Computer Assisted Surveillance System
Classified And Search Support Information System
Center for Applied Security Technology, Darmstadt
Center for Applied Special Technology
Competence Center for Applied Security Technology
Computer Aided Software Testing
Category
Character Assignment Table
Chordal Axis Transformation
Common Allocation Table
Common Authentication Technology
Computer Adaptive Test
Computer Aided Teaching/Testing/Telecommunication/Translation/Transscription
Computerized Axial Tomography
Concatenate
Conditionally Accepted Tag
Computer Graphic Aided Three Dimensional Interactive Application
Common Architecture for Next Generation Internet Protocol
Computer Aided Technical Publishing
124
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
CATS
CATS
CATS
CATT
CATV
CATV
CAU
CAU
CAUCE
CAV
CAV
CAVE
CAVE
CAW
CB
CB
CB
CBA
CBA
CBA
CBA
CBA
CBAC
CBC
CBC
CBCR
CBDS
CBDTPA
CBE
CBEFF
CBEMA
CBGA
CBI
CBI
CBI
CBIP
CBIP
CBIR
CBIRS
CBJ
CBL
CBL
CBMS
CBN
CBO
CBQ
CBR
CBR
CBR
CBS
CBT
CBT
CBW
CBX
CC
CC
CC
Computer Aided/Assisted Teaching/Tracking/Training System
Computer Aided Telephony Services
Computer Automated Test System
China Academy of Telecommunication Technology
Cable Television
Common/Community Antenna Television
Command and Arithmetic Unit
Control/Controlled/Concentrator Access Unit
Coalition Against Unsolicited Commercial Email
Computer Aided Verification
Constant Angular Velocity
Cave/Computer Automatic Virtual Environment
Computer Aided Vision Engineering
Channel Address Word
Call Back
Cell Broadcast
Citizens’ Band
Compare and Branch Anyway
Computational Biology Activity
Computer Based Assessment/Automation
Computer Battery Analyzer
Current Buffer/Byte Address
Context Based Access Control
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
Cipher Block Chaining
Channel Byte Count Register
Connectionless Broadband Data Service
Consumer Broadband and Digital Television Promotion Act
Cell Broadband Engine
Common Biometric Exchange Format Framework
Computer and Business Equipment Manufacturers’ Association
Ceramic Ball Grid Array
Charles Babbage Insitute
Computer Based Instruction/Instrumentation
Crossbar Interface
Compressed Binaries IBM PC
Current Book In Progress
Content Based Image Retrieval
Content Based Image Retrieval System
Conflict-directed Backjumping
Communication By Light
Computer Based Learning
Computer Based Mail System
Community Based Network
Coupling Between Object Classes
Class Based Queuing
CAS before RAS
Constant/Continuous Bit Rate
Content Based Retrieval
Crossbar Switch
Computer Based Training
Core Based Tree
Convert Byte to Word
Computer-controlled/Computerized Branch Exchange
Cable Connector
Call/Communication Center
Carbon Copy
125
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CC
CCA
CCA
CCB
CCB
CCB
CCBS
CCC
CCC
CCC
CCC
CCC
CCC
CCCB
CCCH
CCD
CCD
CCE
CCF
CCF
CCF
CCFCC
CCFL
CCFT
CCI
CCI
CCIA
CCID
CCID
CCID
CCIE
CCIR
CCIRN
CCIS
CCIS
CCITT
CCK
CCK
CCK
CCK
CCL
CCL
CCL
CCL
CCL
Chain/Channel Command
Classification Code
Cluster/Communications Controller
Common Criteria (for IT Security Evaluation)
Condition Command/Code
Congestion Control
Connected Client
Country Code
Coupled Channel
Creative Commons
Crossconnect
Cursor Control
Cyclic Check
Clear Channel Assessment
Copy Control Association
Change Control Board
Channel Command/Control Block
Cyclic Check Byte
Completion of Call to Busy Subscriber
Ceramic Chip Carrier
Change and Configuration Control
Chaos Computer Club, Hamburg
Computer Chess Competition
Conference Control Channel
Credit Card Calling
Command, Control, Communications in Buildings
Common Control Channel
Charge Coupled Device
Class Communication Diagram
Configuration Control Element
Central Computing Facility
Chain Command Flag
Common Channel Framework
Computer Coordinated Family Communcation and Cooperation
Cold Cathode Fluorescent Lamp
Cold Cathode Fluorescent Tube
Common Client Interface
Copy Control Information
Computer + Communications Industry Association
Call Correlation Identifier
Computers, Communications, Information Dissemination
Corporate Customer Inforamtion Database
Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert
Comite Consultatif International des Radiocommunications
Committee for Intercontinental Research Networks
Command and Control Information System
Common Channel Interoffice Signaling
Comite Consultatif International de Telegraphie et de Telephonie
Centre de Calcul El Khawarizmi, Tunis
Communication Commission of Kenya
Complementary Code Keying
Computerclub Kamen
Closed Conference Loop
Commerce Control List
Common Command Language
Connection/Cursor Control Language
Corel Contractual Licensing
126
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
CCL
CCLC
CCLF
CCM
CCM
CCM
CCM
CCN
CCN
CCNA
CCNG
CCNP
CCNR
CCNUMA
CCP
CCP
CCP
CCP
CCP
CCPP
CCR
CCR
CCR
CCR
CCRN
CCS
CCS
CCS
CCS
CCS
CCS
CCS
CCS
CCS
CCSA
CCSA
CCSB
CCSD
CCSE
CCSID
CCSIS
CCSP
CCSS7
CCSY
CCT
CCTLD
CCTV
CCU
CCU
CCU
CCUT
CCVP
CCVR
CCW
CCW
CCW
CCX
Creative Commons License
Carrier Common Line Charge
Cold Cathode Fluorescence Light
Color Management System
Computer Controlled Manufacturing
CORBA Component Mode/Model
Counter with CBC-Mac
Cluster Controller
Cordless Communication Network
Cisco Certified Network Associate
Computer Communications Networks Group
Cisco Certified Network Professional
Completion of Call on No Reply
Cache Coherent NUMA
CAN Calibration Protocol
Certified Computing Professional
Compression Control Protocol
Concurrent Constraint Programming
Console/Communications Command/Control Processor/Program
Composite Capability Preference Profile
Center for Communications Research
Command and Control Research
Commitment, Concurrency, Recovery (OSI)
Current Cell Rate
Coordinating Council on Research Networks
CAPI Connection Service
Closely Coupled System
Colour Calibration System
Common Channel Signalling
Common Command Set (SCSI)
Common Communication Services/Support
Computing Classification System
Continuos Composite Servo
Cryptographic Checksum
Checkpoint Certified Security Administrator
Common Control Switching Arrangement
The Collection of Computer Science Bibliographies, Karlsruhe
Cellular Circuit-Switched Data
Checkpoint Certified Security Engineer
Coded Character Set Identifier (IBM)
Community College Student Information System
Contextually Communicating Sequential Process
Common Channel Signalling System No. 7
Cooperative Computing System Program
Computerized Communication Terminal
Country Code Top Level Domain
Closed Circuit Television
Central Communication/Control Unit
Communications Control Unit
Customer Control Unit
Computer Center at the University of Tokyo
Cisco Certified Voice Professional
Centre de Calcul Vectoriel pour la Recherche
Channel Command Word
Coherent Continuous Wave
Continuous Composite Write (Once Disc)
Cisco Compatible Extension
127
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD
CD-R
CD-RW
CDA
CDA
CDA
CDA
CDAS
CDATA
CDB
CDBT
CDC
CDC
CDC
CDC
CDD
CDDA
CDDB
CDDI
CDDL
CDE
CDE
CDE
CDE
CDEV
CDF
CDF
CDF
CDF
CDF
CDF
CDFS
CDG
CDI
CDI
CDIA
CDIF
CDISC
CDL
CDM
CDM
CDMA
CDMF
CDN
CDNC
CDO
CDOS
CDP
CDP
Call Deflection
Carrier Detect
Chained Data
Change Direction/Directory
Collision Detection
Colour Display
Committee Document (ISO)
Compact Disk
Control Data
Compact Disk Recordable
Compact Disk Re-Writable
Clinical Document Architecture
Communications Decency Act
Compact Disk Audio (track)
Compound Document Architecture (DEC)
Control and Data Acquisition System
Character Data
Consolidated Database
Compact Disk Based Training
Certificate Distribution Center
Connected Device Configuration
Control Data Corporation (USA)
Cult of the Dead Cow
Custom Debian Distribution
Compact Disc Digital Audio
Compact Disc Data Base
Copper Distributed Data Interface
Common Development and Distribution License (Sun)
Common Desktop Environment
Compact Disc Erasable
Complex Data Entry
Cooperative Development Environment
Control Panel Device
Channel Definition File/Format
Comma Delimited Format
Common Data File/Format
Compound Document Framework
Context Dependent File
Cyberspace Description Format
Compact Disc File System
Compact Disc Graphical
Compact Disc Interactive
Context Dependent Interchangeability
Certified Document Imaging Architect
Case Data Interchange Format
Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium
Computer Design Language
Code Division Multiplex
Compressed Data Mode
Code Division Multiple Access
Commercial Data Masking Facility
Content Delivery Network
Chinese Domain Name Consortium
Collaboration Data Object
Concurrent Disk Operating System
Certificate in Data Processing
Cisco Discovery Protocol
128
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
CDP
CDPD
CDR
CDR
CDR
CDR
CDRA
CDRAM
CDRDX
CDRFS
CDRL
CDROM
CDROMXA
CDS
CDS
CDS
CDS
CDS
CDSA
CDSL
CDSL
CDT
CDTV
CDTV
CDU
CDU
CDU
CDU
CDU
CDU
CDU
CDV
CDV
CDVT
CDWO
CE
CE
CE
CE
CE
CE
CEASA
CEATA
CEB
CEB
CEBIT
CEBUS
CEC
CECC
CECMG
CECP
CEDEX
CEFIC
CEG
CEI
CEIP
CEK
Conditional Diphase (Encoding)
Cellular Digital Packet Data
Call Detail Record/Recording
Common Data Representation
Compact Disk Recordable
Corel Draw Format
Character Data Representation Architecture
Cached Dynamic Random Access Memory
Compact Disk Read Only Memory Data Exchange Standard
Compact Disc Recordable File System
Contract Data Requirements List
Compact Disk Read Only Memory
CD-ROM Extended Architecture
Cactus Data Shield
Cell Directory Service (OSF, DCE)
Class Data Sharing
Cross Domain Solution
Current Directory Structure
Common Data Security Architecture (Initiative)
Consumer Digital Subscriber Line
Context Dependent Symbolic Link
Center for Democracy and Technology (USA)
Commodore Dynamic Total Vision
Compact Disk Television
Central Data Unit
Classification Decimale Universelle
Code Distribution Unit
Computers Down Under
Configuration Data Unit
Connectix Desktop Utilities
Control Data Unit
Compact Disk Video
Cell Delay Variation
Cell Delay Variation Tolerance
Compact Disk Write Once
Cache/Chip/Convert Enable
Clear Entry
Collision Elimination
Conformite Europeenne (Konformitätskennzeichen)
Consumer Electronics
Customer Edge (device)
Cellular Emergency Alert Service Association
Consumer Electronics Advanced Technology Attachment
Comite Electrotechnique Belge
Conditional End Bracket
Centrum für Büro, Information und Telekommunikation
Consumer Electronics Bus
Certified E-Commerce Consultant
Electronic Components Committee
Central Europe Computer Measurement Group
Country Extended Code Page
Courrier d’entreprise distribution exceptionelle
EDIFACT-Subset Chemical Industry
Continuous Edge Graphics
Conducted Electromagnetic Interference
Customer Experience Improvement Program
Content Encryption Key
129
CELP
CELP
CELT
CEM
CEM
CEMEC
CEMM
CEMS
CEN
CENELEC
CENTR
CEO
CEOI
CEOP
CEP
CEPEC
CEPIS
CEPT
CER
CER
CERA
CERF
CERN
CERT
CES
CES
CES
CESC
CESG
CESH
CEST
CESU
CET
CEV
CF
CF
CF
CFB
CFB
CFB
CFD
CFD
CFDP
CFDPCLN
CFDPTKT
CFE
CFE
CFG
CFH
CFI
CFL
CFM
CFM
CFM
CFM
CFML
CFNR
Card Edge Low Profile
Code Excited Linear Prediction
Corpus of Electronic Texts
Common Evaluation Methodology
Computational Electromagnetics
Committee of European Associations of Manufacturers of Electronic Components
Compaq Expanded Memory Manager
Constituent Electronic Mail System
Comite Europeen de Normalisation
Comite Europeen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Council of European National Top level domain Registries
Chief Executive Officer
Central European Olympiad in Informatics
Conditional End Of Page
Connection End Point
Committee of European Associations of Manufacturers of Passive Electronic Components
Council of European Professional Informatics Societies
Conference Europeenne des Administrations des Postes et des Telecommunications
Canonical Encoding Rules
Cell Error Ratio
Climate and Environmental Data Retrieval and Archive
California Education and Research Federation (network)
Conseil Europeen pour la Recherche Nucleaire
Computer Emergency Response Team
Circuit Emulation Service
Coast Earth Station
Consumer Electronics Show
Component Encoding Stream Construction
Communications Electronics Security Group (UK)
Competence Center Electronic Shopping
Central European Summer Time
Compatibility Encoding Scheme for UTF (Unicode)
Central European Time
Commission on Electronic Voting
Call Forwarding
Compact Flash (Card)
Compact Framework
Call Forwarding Busy
Cipher Feedback
Configurable Function Block
Call For Discussion (Usenet)
Computational Fluid Dynamics
Coherent File Distribution Protocol (Internet)
Coherent File Distribution Protocol Client
Coherent File Distribution Protocol Ticket
Common Firmware Environment
Connected Family Environment
Configuration
COBOL File Handler
Canonical Format Indicator
Context Free Language
Clock From Master
Code Fragment Manager
Common Functional Model
Configuration Management
Cold Fusion Markup Language
Call Forward/Forwarding on No Reply/Response
130
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
CFOR
CFP
CFP
CFP
CFR
CFR
CFRI
CFS
CFS
CFT
CFT
CFTT
CFU
CFV
CG
CG
CG
CG
CGA
CGAL
CGATS
CGE
CGE
CGE
CGI
CGI
CGI
CGL
CGM
CGMIF
CGMS
CGPP
CGS
CGS
CGS
CGS
CGU
CGW
CH
CHAOS
CHAP
CHARM
CHAT
CHCK
CHCP
CHDD
CHDD
CHE
CHI
CHIC
CHIL
CHIL
CHILD
CHILL
CHIPS
CHKPT
CHL
Conversational FORTRAN
Call For Proposal
Computer, Freedom and Privacy
Content/Contention Free Period
Computerized Facial Recognition
Controlled Ferro Resonant (-USV)
California Federation of Research Internets
Caching/Central/Common/Cryptographic File System
Completely Fair Scheduler
Chirp Fourier Transform
Cray Fortran Compiler
Computer Forensics Tool Testing
Call Forwarding Unconditional
Call For Votes (Usenet)
Computer Graphics
Control Gate
Core Gateway
Cyclic Group
Color Graphics Adapter (PC)
Computational Geometry Algorithm Library
Committee for Graphic Arts Technologies Standards
(Linux) Carrier Grade Edition
Common Graphics Environment
Compagnie General d’Electricite
Common Gateway Interface
Common/Composite/Computer Graphics Interface
Computer Generated Image/Imagery
Carrier Grade Linux
Computer Graphics Metafile
Computer Graphics Metafile Interchange Format
Copy Generation Management System
Computer Grahics: Principles and Practise (by Fowley)
Common Graphics System
Computer Graphics Society
Continuous Grain Silicon
International Computer Graphics Society
Computer Graphics Unit
Customer/Campus Gateway
Cyclic Header
Cheap Array of Obsolete Systems
Cryptographic/Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol
Character Mode
Conversational Hypertext Access Technology
Channel Check
Change Code Page
Certified Help Desk Director
Cockpit Head Down Display
Channel Hot Electron
Computer Human Interaction/Interface
Constraint Handling in Industry and Commerce
Computers in the Human Interaction Loop
Current Hogging Injection Logic
Computer Having Intelligent Learning and Development
CCITT High Level Language
Clearinghouse Interbank Payments System
Checkpoint
Current Hogging Logic
131
CHM
CHOP
CHPC
CHR
CHR
CHRP
CHS
CHTML
CHV
CI
CI
CI
CI
CI
CI
CI
CI
CI
CI
CIA
CIA
CIA
CIAC
CIAM
CIAO
CIB
CIC
CIC
CIC
CIC
CIC
CIC
CICA
CICS
CID
CID
CID
CID
CIDAS
CIDIF
CIDP
CIDR
CIE
CIELAB
CIEXYZ
CIEDS
CIF
CIF
CIF
CIF
CIFS
CIFS
CIIN
CIIR
CIK
CIL
CIL
Cooperative Hypermedia
Channel Operator
Center for High Performance Computing
Character
Constraint Handling Rules
Common Hardware Reference Platform
Cylinders, Heads, Sectors
Compact/Compressed Hypertext Markup Language
Card Holder Value
Call Intrusion
Coded Information
Command Interpreter
Common/Component/Computer Interface
Communications Integrator
Computational Intelligence
Computer Interconnect/Interface
Congestion Indicator
Continuous Integration
Control and Indication
Computer Interface Adapter
CAN In Automation
Current Instruction Address
Computer Incident Advisory Capability
Computerized Integrated and Automatic Manufacturing
Component-Integrated ACE ORB
Computer Integrated Building/Bureaucracy
Carrier Identification Code
Certified IT Consultant
Committee on Institutional Cooperation
Coordination and Information Center (CSNet)
Computing Information Center
Computing, Information + Communications
Center of Innovative Computer Applications
Customer Information Control System (IBM)
Charge Injection Device
Conference Identifier
Configuration, Installation, Distribution
Customer Identifier
Conversational Interactive Digital Analog Simulator
Centre International pour le Developpement de l’Inforoute en Francais
Computer Industry Development Potential
Classless Inter/Internet Domain Routing
Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage (Farbmodell)
Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage LAB (Farbmodell)
Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage XYZ (Farbmodell)
Computer Integrated Electron Design Series
Cell in Frames
Computer Integrated Facilities
Common Intermediate Format
Customer Information Feed
Common Insecurity Fail Scrutiny
Common Internet File System (Protocol)
Corporate Integrated Information Network
Center for Intelligent Information Retrieval, Mass.
Crypto-Ignition Key
Common Intermediate Language
Computer Inoperative Limits
132
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
CIL
CIM
CIM
CIM
CIM
CIM
CINT
CIO
CIO
CIOCS
CIOS
CIP
CIP
CIP
CIP
CIP
CIP
CIP
CIP
CIP
CIP
CIP
CIPA
CIPE
CIPP
CIPR
CIPS
CIPSO
CIR
CIR
CIRC
CIRC
CIRSC
CIS
CIS
CIS
CIS
CIS
CIS
CIS
CIS
CIS
CIS
CIS
CIS
CIS
CISAC
CISAM
CISC
CISE
CISKA
CISPR
CIT
CIT
CIT
CIT
CITAB
Computerintegrierte Logistik
Common Information Model
CompuServe Information Manager
Computer Input Microfilm
Computer Integrated Manufacturing
Custom Install Manager
Call Interception
Central Imagery Office
Chief Information Officer
Communication Input/Output Control System (IBM)
Communication Institute for Online Scholarship
Catalogue Interoperability Protocol
Catalogue/Cataloguing In Publication/Publishing
Classical IP
Command Interface Port
Common Indexing Protocol
Common ISDN Access Profile
Compatible Independent Peripherals
Computer Aided Intuition Guided Programming
Computer-Investitionsprogramm des Bundes und der Länder
Concert Internet Plus
Constraint Imperative Programming
Children’s Internet Protection Act
Cryptographic Internet Protocol Encapsulation
Contexts, Input, Processes + Products
Commission on Intellectual Property Rights
Canadian Information Processing Society
Commercial/Common Internet Protocol Security Option
Classless Interdomain Routing
Committed Information/Interface Rate
Circular Reference
Cross Interleaved Reed Solomon Code
Cross Interleave Solomon Code
CALEA Implementation Section
Card Information Structure
Cascade Inline Scripting
CASE Integration Services
Center for Internet Security
Client Information Server/System
Compact Image Sensor
Computer Information System
CompuServe Information Service
Computational and Information Sciences
Contact Image Sensor
Computerized Information Service
Customer Information System
Confederation Internationale des Societes d’Auteurs et Compositeurs
C-Index Sequential Access Method
Complex Instruction Set Computer/Code
Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate
Campus Informationssystem der Universität Karlsruhe
Comite International Special des Perturbations Radioelectriques
California Institute of Technology
Communications Improvement Team
Company Integrated Telephony
Computer Integrated Telephone/Telephony
Computer Instruction and Training Assistance for the Blind
133
CITED
CITIS
CITSF
CIVR
CIW
CIX
CIX
CIX
CJKV
CJLI
CK
CKD
CKE
CKSM
CL
CL
CL
CL
CL
CL
CLAA
CLAG
CLAMS
CLAR
CLASP
CLASS
CLASS
CLB
CLC
CLC
CLC
CLCC
CLCS
CLD
CLDATA
CLDC
CLDR
CLE
CLEC
CLEF
CLEO
CLF
CLH
CLI
CLI
CLI
CLI
CLI
CLI
CLIB
CLIC
CLICS
CLID
CLIP
CLIR
CLIST
CLK
Copyright In Transmitted Electronic Documents
Contractor Integrated Technical Information Service
Commission Internationale de Telegraphie Sans Fil
Computer and Interactive Voice Response
Certified Internet Webmaster
Central/Commercial Internet Exchange
Compulink Information Exchange
Commercial Internet Exchange (Association)
Chinese - Japanese - Korean - Vietnamese
Command Job Language Interpreter
Clock
Count Key Data
Clock Enable
Checksum
Closed Loop
Computational Linguistics
Connectionless Service
Control Language
Current License
Cycle Length
Carry Look Ahead Adder
Carry Look Ahead Generator
Common Los Alamos Mathematical Software
Channel Local Address Register
Computer Language for Aeronautics and Space Programming
Client Access to Systems and Services
Custom Local Area Signalling Service
Component Load Balancing
Capacity Limiting Constituents
Clear Carry Flag
Computing Learning Center
Closed Loop Congestion Control
Current Logic Current Switching
Clear Direction Flag
Cutter Location Data
Connected Limited Device Configuration
Common Locale Data Repository
Certified Linux Engineer/Expert
Competitive Local Exchange Carrier
European Commercial Licensed Evaluation Facilities
Classified Energy Online (database)
Common Log (File) Format
Command Line History
Call Level Interface
Calling Line Identification
Clear Interrupt (flag)
Client Library Interface
Command Line Interface/Interpreter
Common Language Infrastructure/Interface/Interpreter
C Library
Chemnitzer Linux Cluster
Computer Linked Information for Container Shipping
Calling Line Identification
Calling Line Identification Presentation
Calling/Connected Line Identification Restriction
Command List
Clock
134
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
CLL
CLLM
CLMP
CLNP
CLNS
CLO
CLOB
CLOE
CLOO
CLOS
CLOWN
CLP
CLP
CLP
CLPPCRE
CLR
CLR
CLR
CLR
CLRTC
CLS
CLS
CLS
CLSID
CLT
CLT
CLTD
CLTP
CLTS
CLTS
CLTV
CLU
CLUF
CLUI
CLUT
CLV
CLV
CLW
CM
CM
CM
CM
CM
CM
CM
CMA
CMAK
CMAN
CMAR
CMB
CMC
CMC
CMC
CMC
CMC
CMD
CMD
Corel License for Learning
Consolidated Link Layer Management
Connectionless-Mode Network Protocol
Connectionless Network Protocol (OSI)
Connectionless Mode Network Service
Class Option (LaTeX)
Character Large Object
Common LISP Operating Environment
Reverse Object Oriented Logical Channel
Common LISP Object System
Cluster Of Working Nodes
Cell Loss Payload/Priority
Clipboard
Constraint Logic Programming
Common Lisp Portable Perl Compatible Regular Expressions
Cell Loss Ratio
Clear
Common Language Runtime
Computer Language Research
Clear Real Time Clock
Clear Screen
Common Language Support
Connectionless Server
Class Identifier
Communcations Line Terminal
Computer Language Translator
Clock and Tones Distribution
Connectionless Transport Protocol (OSI)
Clear Task Switch Flag
Connectionless Transport Service
Constant Linear Time Velocity
Central Logic Unit
Contrat de Licence Utilisateur Final
Command Line User Interface
Colour Look-up Table
Ceiling Limit Value
Constant Linear Velocity
Certified Linux Wizard
Central Memory
Communications Manager (IBM)
Compilation Manager
Configuration Management
Connection Machine
Control Mark
Corrective Maintenance
Concert Multi-thread Architecture
Connection Manager Administration Kit
Cluster Manager
Control Memory Address Register
Common Management Bus
Common Mail/Messaging Call
Communication Management Configuration
Complement Carry Flag
Computer Mediated Communication
Construction Maintenance Center
Circuit Mode Data
Command
135
CMDF
CMDS
CME
CME
CME
CMF
CMF
CMGR
CMH
CMIIW
CMIP
CMIS
CML
CML
CML
CML
CML
CML
CMM
CMM
CMM
CMMI
CMML
CMMS
CMMU
CMOL
CMOS
CMOS
CMOT
CMOV
CMP
CMP
CMPS
CMPT
CMR
CMR
CMS
CMS
CMS
CMS
CMS
CMS
CMT
CMT
CMT
CMT
CMTP
CMTS
CMU
CMVC
CMW
CMX
CMY
CMYK
CN
CN
CNA
C Memo Distribution Facility
Computer Misuse Detection System
Center for Media Education
Common Malware Enumeration
Core Managed Environment
Command File
Creative Music Format
Campus/Connection Manager
Cross My Heart (Slang)
Correct Me If I’m Wrong (Slang)
Common Management Information Protocol (OSI)
Common Management Information Services/System
Chemical/Commodore Markup Language
Conceptual Modelling Language
Concurrent Metalanguage
Configuration Menu Language
Context Modelling Language
Current Mode Logic
Capability Maturity Model
Color Management Module
Computerized Measurement Machine
Capability Maturity Model Integrated
Continuous Media Markup Language
Computerized Maintenance Management Software
Cache Memory Management Unit
CMIP Over LLC
Coats-Mellon Operational Specification
Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
Common Management Information Protocol over TCP/IP
Conditional Move (and Compare Instructions)
Cellular/Chip-integrated Multi-Processing
Configuration Management Plan
Compare Word String
CAPI Message Control Protocol
Cell Misinsertion Rate
Corporate Message Recovery
Call Management Server
Code/Color/Connection/Content Management System
Compiler Monitor System
Content Management System
Conversational Monitor System (IBM)
Cryptographic Message Syntax
Cellular Mobile Telephone
Chip Multi Threading
Configuration Management Tool
Connection Management
CAPI Message Transport Protocol
Cable Modem Termination System
Carnegie-Mellon-University, Pittsburgh, USA
Configuration Management and Version Control (IBM)
Compartment Mode Workstation
Communication Method SINIX (Siemens)
cyan, magenta, yellow (Farbmodell)
cyan, magenta, yellow, key/black (Farbmodell)
Comfort Noise
Corporate Network
Certified NetWare/Network Administrator
136
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
CNA
CNAME
CNAPS
CNASI
CNB
CNC
CNC
CND
CND
CNE
CNET
CNF
CNF
CNG
CNG
CNG
CNI
CNI
CNI
CNI
CNID
CNIDR
CNIL
CNIP
CNIR
CNL
CNM
CNMA
CNN
CNN
CNNIC
CNP
CNR
CNR
CNR
CNRI
CNRP
CNRS
CNS
CNS
CNSS
CNT
CNT
CNX
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
CO
COA
COA
COA
COAM
COARA
COAST
Customer Name and Address
Canonical Name (Record)
Co-Processing Node Architecture for Parallel Systems
Centre for Networked Access to Scholarly Information (Australien)
Collective Notebook
Complete Network Centre
Computerized Numerical Control
Calling Number Delivery
Caldera Network Desktop
Certified NetWare Engineer/Expert (Novell)
Centre National d’Etudes des Telecommunications, Paris
Chomsky Normal Form
Configuration
Calling (tone)
Comfort Noise Generation
Complete No-Good
Centre National d’Informatique
Certified NetWare Instructor (Novell)
Coalition for Networked Information
Communications Network International
Calling Number Identification
Clearinghouse for Networked Information Discovery and Retrieval
Commission Nationale de l’Informatique et des Libertes
Calling Name Identification Presentation
Calling/Connected Name Identification Restriction
C Numerical Library
Customer Network Management
Communications Network for Manufacturing Application
Cable News Network
Composite Network Node
China Network Imformation Center
Corporate Network Provider
Carrier to Noise Ratio
Communications and Networking Riser
Composite Noise Ratio
Corporation for National Research Initiatives
Common Name Resolution Protocol
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (Frankreich)
Color Naming System
Communications Network System
Core Nodal Switching Subsystem (Internet)
Carbon Nano Tube
Central Networking Testbed
Certified NetWare/Network Expert
Call Offer
Central Office
Chief Operator
Command Output
Communication Outlet
Convert Out
Crystal Oscillator
Care Of Address
Certificate Of Authenticity
Compound Online Analytical Processing Architecture
Customer Owned And Maintained
Communication of Oita Amateur Research Association
Card On A Stick
137
COAST
COB
COBOL
COC
COCOT
COD
COD
CODASYL
CODE
CODEC
CODEC
CODINE
CODIT
COE
COE
COEDS
COEM
COFDM
COFF
COGO
COIN
COINS
COL
COL
COL
COLA
COLD
COLL
COLP
COLR
COLT
COLT
COLT
COM
COM
COM
COM
COM
COM
COM
COMAL
COMDEX
COMET
COMHED
COMINT
COMM
COMMS
COMP
COMPACT
COMPSAC
COMSAT
COMSEC
COMSL
COMSOAL
COMTRAN
CON
COND
Computer Operations, Audit and Security Technology
Chip On Board
Common Business Oriented Language
Coded Optical Character
Customer Owned Coin Operated Telephone
Capacity On Demand
Code (list)
Committee/Conference on Data System Languages
Client Server Open Development Environment
Coder/Decoder
Compression/Decompression
Computing in Distributed Networked Environments
Code Division Testbed
Central Office Equipment
Common Operating Environment
Common Event Database System
Commercial Original Equipment Manufacturer
Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex
Common Object File Format
Coordinate Geometry (Language)
Console Interrupt Request
Computer Output Information System
Caldera Open Linux
Collision
Computer Oriented Language
comp.os.linux.announce (Newsgroup)
Computer Output to Laser Disc
Collision
Connected Line Identification Presentation
Connected Line Identification Restriction
Communications Line Terminator
Computer Oriented Language Translator
Control Language Translator
Command
commercial; Internet-Domain: Firmen in USA
Common/Component Object Model
Communication
Component Object Model
Computer Output Microfilm
Continuation Of Message
Common Algorithmic Language
Computer Dealers’ Exposition
Cornell Macintosh Terminal Emulator
Common Header
Communications Intelligence
Communications
Customer Oriented Manaufacturing Management System
Compare
Computer Planning and Control Technique
International Computer Software and Applications Conference
Communications Satellite Corporation
Communications Security
Communications System Simulation Language
Computer Method of Sequencing Operations for Assembly Lines
Commercial Translator (IBM)
Console
Condition
138
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
CONF
CONP
CONP
CONS
CONTU
COO
COOL
COP
COP
COPA
COPE
COPE
COPICS
COPS
COPS
COR
CORAL
CORBA
CORE
CORE
CORNET
COS
COS
COS
COS
COS
COS
COSE
COSE
COSINE
COSMIC
COSMOS
COSMOS
COSMOS
COSN
COSO
COSPAS
COSS
COSY
COT
COTK
COTS
COTS
COTS
COTS
COVE
COW
COW
CP
CP
CP
CP
CP
CP
CP
CP
CP
Conference, Configuration
Connected Name Identification Presentation
Connection Oriented Network Protocol
Connection Oriented Network Service
Commission On New Technological Uses of Copyrighted Works
Chief Operating Officer
Control Oriented Language
Constrained Optimization Problem
CPU Overheating Protection
Child Online Protection Act
Communications Opportunity, Promotion and Enhancement (Act)
Computer Performance Evaluation
Communications Oriented Production Information and Control System
Common Open Policy Service
Computer Oracle and Password System
Common Object Runtime
Computer Online Real-Time Applications Language
Common Object Request Broker Architecture
Common Runtime Environment
Council of Registrars (Internet)
Corporate ISDN Network Protocol
Card/Cray Operating System
Class of Service
Compatible Operation System
Complementary Switching
Corporation for Open Systems (OSI)
Custom Order Specification
Combined Office Standard Environment
Common Open Software/Systems Environment
Cooperation for OSI Networking in Europe
Computer Software Management and Information Center (NASA)
Complementary Symmetric Metal Oxide Semiconductor
Computer Oriented System for Management Order Synthesis
Computer System for Mainframe Operations
Consortium for School Networking
Charge One Site Only
Cosmicheskaya Sistyema Poiska Avariynich Sudov
Common Object Services Specification
Conferencing System
Customer Owned Tooling
Control Track
Coin Operated Telephone System
Commercial Off The Shelf (software)
Commodity Off The Shelf (Cluster)
Connection Oriented Transport Service
Code Verification
Copy On Write
Cluster Of Workstations
Call Pay
Card Punch
Central/Communications/Customized Processor
Check/Control Point
Choke Packet
Circuit Package
Code Page
Complete Partitioning
Computer Professional
139
CP
CP
CP
CP
CP
CP
CPA
CPA
CPA
CPA
CPA
CPAN
CPBX
CPC
CPC
CPC
CPC
CPCS
CPCS
CPD
CPE
CPE
CPE
CPFR
CPFSK
CPG
CPG
CPG
CPI
CPI
CPI
CPI
CPI
CPI
CPIC
CPIM
CPL
CPL
CPL
CPL
CPL
CPL
CPL
CPLD
CPLD
CP/M
CPM
CPM
CPM
CPM
CPM
CPM
CPN
CPN
CPO
CPO
CPP
Conducting Polymer
Contention Procedure
Continuous Path
Constraint Programming
Control Program
Copy Protected
Certified Public Accountant
Closest Point of Approach
Code Parasite Autopropageable
Cost Per Action
Critical Path Analysis
Comprehensive Perl Archive Network
Computerized Private Branch Exchange
Card Programmable Calculator (IBM)
Computer Process Control
Constant Point Calculation
Cost Per Click
Check Processing Control System
Common Part Convergence Sublayer
Constructive Page Description
Central Processing Element
Computer Performance Evaluation
Customer Provided/Premises Equipment
Collaborative Planning, Forecasting, and Replenishment
Continuous Phase Frequency Shift Keying
Central Pattern Generator
Clock Pulse Generator
COSINE Policy Group
characters per inch
Clocks Per Instruction
Code Page Information
Common Part Indication
Common Programming Interface (IBM)
Cost Performamce Index
Common Programming Interface for Communications (IBM)
Common Presence and Instant Messaging
Call Processing Language (Telecom)
Characters Per Line (cpl)
Combined Programming Language
Common Public License
Control Panel Library (Microsoft)
Current Privilege Level
Cyberathlete Professional League
CMOS Programmable Logic Device
Complex Programmable Logic Device
Control Programm for Microcomputers (DEC)
Control Programm for Microcomputers (DEC)
Colliding Pulse Mode
Computer Program Protection Manager
Corporate Performance Management
Critical Path Method
Cryptography Provider Manager
Conditional Pathname
Customer Premises Network
Certified Project Officer
Chief Privacy Officer
Corporate Preview Program
140
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
CPPM
CPPM
CPPS
CPRM
CPS
CPS
CPS
CPS
CPS
CPSA
CPSC
CPSI
CPSR
CPST
CPT
CPT
CPT
CPT
CPTWG
CPU
CPV
CPW
CQL
CQM
CQP
CR
CR
CR
CR
C/R
CRAM
CRAM
CRAM
CRC
CRC
CRCG
CRCW
CRD
CRD
CREN
CREW
CREW
CRF
CRF
CRI
CRIM
CRIMM
CRISP
CRL
CRL
CR/LF
CRM
CRM
CROM
CRPC
CRR
CRS
Computer Protection Program Manager
Content Protection for Prerecorded Media
Critical Path Planning and Scheduling
Content Protection for Recordable Media
Certification Practice Statement
Constraint Parameter Set
Continuation Passing Style
Critical Path Scheduling
cycles/characters per second
Consumer Product Safety Act
Consumer Product Safety Commission
Configurable Post Script Interpreter
Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility
Control Point Spanning Tree
Command Pass Thru
Common Point of Trust
COSINE Project Management Team
Critical Path Technique
Copyright Protection Technical Working Group
Central Processing Unit
Cold Process Verification
Commercial Processing Workload
Channel Queue Limit
Class Queue Management
Corpus Query Processor
Cambridge Ring
Carriage Return
Core (Network) Router
Cray Research, Inc.
Command Response
Card Random Access Memory
Challenge Response Authentication Mechanism
Cyberspatial Reality Advancement Movement
Class, Responsibility, Collaboration/Collaborators
Cyclic Redundancy Check
Fraunhofer Center for Research in Computer Graphics
Concurrent Read, Concurrent Write (PRAM)
Color Rendering Dictionary
Creation Revision Deletion (request)
Corporation/Computer Research Education/Educational Network, USA
Compact for Responsive Electronic Writing
Concurrent Read, Exclusive Write (PRAM)
Cable Retransmission Facility
Cross Reference File
Colour Reproduction Indices
Centre de Recherche Informatique de Montreal
Continuity RIMM
Complex Reduced Instruction Set Processor
Certificate Revocation List
Compile-time Reconfigurable Logic
Carriage Return/Line Feed
Communications + Records Management
Customer Relationship Management
Control Read Only Memory
Center for Research on Parallel Computation
Change Request Reply
Cell Relay Service
141
CRS
CRSAB
CRT
CRT
CRTC
CRTC
CRTM
CRU
CRU
CRU
CRUD
CRV
CS
CS
CS
CS
CS
CS
CS
CS
CS
CS
CS
CS
CS
CS
CS
CS-ACELP
CS1
CS80
CSA
CSA
CSA
CSA
CSA
CSA
CSAR
CSB
CSC
CSC
CSCR
CSCW
CSD
CSD
CSD
CSD
CSDC
CSDGM
CSDN
CSDS
CSE
CSE
CSE
CSEA
CSF
CSF
CSFI
Computer Reservation System
Centralized Repair Service Answering Bureau
Cathode Ray Tube
Chinese Remainder Theorem
Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission
Cathode Ray Tube Controller
Core Root of Trusted Module
Comite Reseau des Universites
Computer Resource Unit
Customer Replaceable Unit
Create, Read, Update, and Delete
Code Rule Violation
Cable/Card/Chip Select
Call Sign
Card Service
Chip Select
Circuit Switching
Clear Screen
Clear to Send
Client/Server
Code Segment
Coding Scheme
Communications Satellite/System
Computer Science
Continuous Servo
Convergence Sublayer
Correspondence System
Conjugate Structure Algebraic Code Excited Linear Prediction
Capability Set 1
Command Set 80 (Hewlett-Packard)
Calendaring and Scheduling API
Call Path Service Architecture
Communications Streaming Architecture
Comprehensive System Accounting
Conseil Superieur de l’Audiovisuel
Cyber Security Agency, EU
Channel System Address Register
Channel Status Byte
Center for Scientific Computing
COSPAS-SARSAT-Council
Consortium for Slow Commotion Research
Computer Supported Cooperative/Collaborative Work
Circuit Switched Data
Cold Shutdown
Computer Services Department
Corrective Service Disk/Diskette (IBM)
Code Segment Descriptor Cache
Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Circuit Switched Data/Digital Network
Circuit Switched Data Service
Certified System Engineer
Customer Support Engineer
Common Subexpression Elimination
Cyber Security Enhancement Act
Compagnie Sans Fil
Content Sealed Format
Communication Subsystem For Interconnection
142
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
CSG
CSG
CSI
CSI
CSI
CSI
CSIC
CSIC
CSID
CSID
CSIP
CSIP
CSIRT
CSL
CSL
CSLIP
CSM
CSMA/CA
CSMA/CD
CSMA/CE
CSMP
CSMS
CSN
CSN
CSN
CSNET
CSO
CSP
CSP
CSP
CSP
CSP
CSP
CSP
CSP
CSP
CSPDN
CSPDU
CSPLA
CSPP
CSPWG
CSR
CSR
CSR
CSRAM
CSRC
CSRF
CSRG
CSRG
CSS
CSS
CSS
CSS
CSS
CSS
CSS
CSS
Constructive Solid Geometry
Consulting Services Group
Code Sequence Identification
Command Sequence Introducer
Common Synchronous/System Interface
Computer Security Institute, San Francisco, USA
Computer System Interface Circuit
Customer Specific Integrated Circuit
Called Subscriber Identifier/Identification
Calling Station Identifier
Compressed Sources IBM PC
Corporate Stable Image Platform
Computer Security Incident Response Team
Computation Structures Language
Computer/Context Sensitive Language
Compressed Serial Line Interface Protocol
Compatibility Support Module
Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Avoidance
Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detection
Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Elimination
Continuous System Modelling Program
Customer Support Management System
Card Select Number
Circuit Switched Network
Customer Service Number
Computer and Science Network, USA
Central Services Organization
Certified Systems Professional
Chip Scale/Size Packaging
Commercial Service Provider
Commercial Subroutine Package
Communicating Sequential Process/Processes
CompuCom Speed Protocol
Constraint Satisfaction Problem
Cross System Product
Cryptographic Service Provider
Circuit Switched Public Data Network
Convergence Sublayer Protocol Data Unit
Conseil superieur de la Propriete Litteraire et Artistique
Computer Systems Policy Project
Computer Security Policy Working Group
Cell Switch Router
Control and Status Register Management
Customer Service Record
Custom Static Random Access Memory
Computer Security Resource Center
Cross Site Request Forgery
(Austin) Common Standards Revision Group
Computer Systems Research Group (Berkeley)
Cascaded/Cascading Style Sheet
Centralized Structure Store
Chirp Spread Spectrum
Client-Server-System
Code Storage Segment
Coded Switch Set
Computer Scheduling System
Computer Subsystem
143
CSS
CSS
CSS
CSS
CSS
CSSD
CSSL
CSSM
CSSM
CSSO
CSSP
CSSSP
CSTA
CSTAC
CSTB
CSTR
CSTS
CSU
CSU
CSV
CSV
CSV
CSV
CSW
CSZ
CT
CT
CT
CT
CT
CT
CT
CTAN
CTB
CTB
CTB
CTC
CTC
CTC
CTCP
CTCPEC
CTCSS
CTD
CTDB
CTDB
CTEA
CTES
CTF
CTF
CTI
CTI
CTIA
CTL
CTL
CTL
CTL
CTM
Content Scrambling System
Continuous System Simulator
Core System Software
Critical Systems Support
Cross Site Scripting
Cloneproof Schwartz Sequential Dropping
Continuous System Simulation Language
Client Server Systems Management
Computer Security Site Manager
Computer System Security Officer
Cascading Style Sheet Positioning
Common Sparse Spectral Spatial Pattern
Computer Supported Telephony Application
Computer Systems Technical Advisory Committee
Computer Science + Technology Board
Computing Science Technical Report
Computer Supported Telecommunication/Telephony Standard
Channel Service/Switching Unit
Control and Service Unit
Certified Server Validation
Circuit Switched Voice
Client SMTP Verification
Comma Separated Values/Variables
Channel Status Word
Clark, Shenker, Zhang (algorithm)
Call Transfer
Chipcard Terminal
Clock Time
Computer Technik/Telephony/Tomography
Controller
Cordless Telephone
Cut Through
Comprehensive TeX Archive Network
Cipher Type Byte
Communication Toolbox (Apple)
Computer Based Training
Channel To Channel
Cornell Theory Center
Counter Timer Chip
Client To Client Protocol
Canadian Trusted Computer Product Evaluation Criteria
Continuous Tone Coded/Controlled Squelch System
Cell Transfer Delay
Clustered Trivial Data Base
Compact Terrain Data Base
Copyright Term Extension Act
Cell Technology Evaluation System
Common Trace Facility
Contrast Transfer Function
Computational Testbed for Industry
Computer Telephony Integration
Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association
Complementary Transistor Logic
Complex Text Layout
Corel Transactional Licensing
CTSS Command Language Controller
Clock and Tone Module
144
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
CTM
CTN
CTO
CTOS
CTOS
CTP
CTP
CTP
CTP
CTPA
CTR
CTR
CTR
CTR
CTR
CTR
CTRCO
CTRL
CTS
CTS
CTS
CTS
CTS
CTS
CTS
CTSS
CTY
CU
CU
CU
CU2
CUA
CUA
CUA
CUB
CUCN
CUD
CUDA
CUE
CUF
CUG
CUI
CUI
CUL
CUNY
CUOD
CUP
CUP
CUP
CUPID
CUPS
CURL
CUSI
CUSIP
CUSP
CUSSNET
CUT
Cordless Terminal Mobility
Corporate Telecommunication Network
Chief Technical/Technology Officer/Offices
Cassette Tape Operating System
Corporate Telecommunications and Office Systems
Community Technology Preview
Composite Theoretical Performance
Computer To Plate
Cordless Telephony Profile
Coax to Twisted Pair Adapter
Cable Throw Replacement
Center for Telecommunications Research, Columbia U.
Common Technical Regulations
Computing Tabulating Recording (Corporation)
Counter
Current Transfer Ratio
Calculating Tabulating Recording Corporation
Control
Clear To Send
Common Transport Semantics
Common Type System
Computer Telephony Solution
(EC) Conformance Testing Services
Courier Time Server
Customer Telephone System
Compatible/Cray Time-Sharing System
Console Teletype
Control Unit
Customer Use
See You (Slang)
See You, Too (Slang)
Common User Access (IBM)
Commonly Used Acronym
Computer Users Association
Cursor Backward
Communication Controller Node
Cursor Down
Compute Unified Device Architecture
Custom Updates and Extras
Cursor Forward
Closed/Closet User Group
Captive/Common/Consistent User Interface
Character/Character-oriented User Interface
See You Later (Slang)
City University of New York
Central Unit on Demand
Communications User Program
Competitive Upgrade
Cursor Position
Completely Universal Processor Input/Output Design
Common UNIX Printing System
Cambridge University Robot Language
Configurable Unified Search Index
Committee for Uniform Security Identification Procedures, USA
Customer Programming Language
Computer Use in Social Sciences Network
Control Unit Terminal
145
CUTE
CUU
CUU
CVD
CVD
CVE
CVE
CVF
CVF
CVGA
CVIA
CVN
CVP
CVS
CVS
CVSD
CVT
CVT
CVW
CVW
CW
CW
CW
CWA
CWI
CWIS
CWP
CWS
CXFS
CXI
CXML
CYA
CYK
CYL
CYL
CYMK
Clarkston University Terminal Emulator
Computerunterstützter Unterricht
Cursor Up
ClamAV Virus Database
Compact Video Disk
Collaborative Virtual Environment
Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures
Compressed VFAT
Compressed Volume File
Color Video Graphics Array
Computer Virus Industry Association
Credit Card Validation Number
Collaborative Virtual Prototyping
Computer Vision Syndrome
Concurrent Versions System
Continuous Variable Slope Delta (Modulation)
Convert
Coordinated Video Timings (VESA)
CodeView for Windows (Microsoft)
Collaborative Virtual Workspace (License)
Call Waiting
Continuous Wave
Control Word
Competitive Web Analysis
Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica, Amsterdam
Campus/Community Wide Information Service/System (Internet)
Communication Word Processor
Congestion Window Setting
SGI Clustered Extended File System
Common X Interface
Commerce Extensible Markup Language
Cover Your Ass (Slang)
Cocke-Younger-Kasami (-Algorithmus)
Cylinder
See You Later (Slang)
Cyan Yellow Magenta Key/Black (Farbmodell)
D
D
D2C
D2PC
D2T2
D64S
DA
DA
DA
DA
DAA
DAA
DAA
DAA
DAA
DAB
DAB
DAB
DAC
Daemon, Data, Deutsch, Digital, Direct, Document, Double
Datenleitung
Digital To Character
Dynamic Two Phase Commitment
Dye Diffusion Thermal Transfer (Drucker)
ISDN-Festverbindung 64 kbit/s
Destination Address
Digital/Analog, D/A
Direct Access
Destination Address
Data Access Arrangement
Decimal Adjust for Addition
Detect and Avoid Algorithm
Digest Access Authentication
Dynamic Adaptive Acknowledgment
Daten-Autobahn
Digital Audio Broadcast/Broadcasting
Direct Access Buffer
Data Acquisition and Control
146
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
DAC
DAC
DAC
DAC
DAC
DAC
DAC
DAC
DACD
DACK
DACL
DACS
DACS
DACS
DACT
DACTLU
DAD
DAD
DAE
DAE
DAE
DAF
DAF
DAG
DAG
DAGM
DAI
DAK
DAKfCBNF
DAKS
DAL
DAL
DAL
DAM
DAM
DAM
DAM
DAM
DAMA
DAML
DAML
DAMPS
DAN
DANCC
DANTE
DANZKO
DAO
DAO
DAP
DAP
DAP
DAP
DAP
DAP
DAP
DAPC
DAPI
Daily Administrative Check
Design Automation Conference
Device Access Code
Digital-Analog-Converter
Digital Audio Copy
Discretionary Access Control
Distributed Academic Computing
Dual Attached/Attachment Component/Concentrator
Directory Access Control Domain
DMA Acknowledge
Discretionary Access Control List (Microsoft)
Data Acquisition Control System
Data and Analysis Center for Software, DoD, USA
Digital Access and Cross-connect System
Data Compression Technology
Deactivate Logical Unit
Desktop Application Director
Duplicate Address Detection
Datenaufnahmeeinheit
Differential-algebraic Equation
Digital Audio Extraction
Destination Address Field
Deutsche-Arbeitsfront-Empfänger
Directed Acyclic Graph
Direktrufnetzabschlussgerät
Deutsche Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Mustererkennung
Distributed Artificial Intelligence
Diagnose-Kanal
Deutscher Arbeitskreis für CB- und Notfunk
Dateikatalogsystem
Data Access Language/Layer
Dedicated Access Line
Disk Access Lockout
Data Acquisition and Monitoring
Debian Account Manager
Digital Asset Management
Digital Audio Monitor
Direct Access Method
Demand Assigned Multiple Access
DARPA/Distributed Agent Markup Language
Digital Archives Markup Language
Digital Advanced Mobile Phone Service
Domestic/Desk Area Network
Domestic Area Network Coordination Centre
Delivery of Advanced Network Technology to Europe
Datennetzkoordinator
Data Access Object
Disk At Once
Data Access Protocol (DEC)
Data Archiving Process
Developer Assistance Program
Directory Access Protocol
Division Advisory Panel (NSF)
Document Application Profile
Dynamic Application Partitioning
Data Acquisition and Process Control
Desktop Application Programming Interface
147
DAPIE
DAR
DAR
DAR
DAR
DARC
DARC
DARI
DARMS
DARPA
DART
DART
DAS
DAS
DAS
DAS
DAS
DAS
DASAT
DASD
DASH
DASL
DASP
DASP
DASP
DASP
DASP
DASS
DASS
DAST
DAT
DAT
DATACOM
DATC
DATEL
DATEV
DATEX-J
DATEX-L
DATEX-M
DATEX-P
DATV
DAU
DAU
DAU
DAU
DAV
DAV
DAV
DAVACS
DAVIC
DAVID
DAWG
DB
DB
DB
DBA
DBB
Developers’ Application Programming Interface Extensions
Datenausgabe-Register
Digital Audio Radio
Display Aspect Ratio
Dynamic Adaptive Routing
Data Radio Channel
Deutscher Amateur-Radio Club
Database Application Remote Interface (IBM)
Digital Alternate Realization of Musical Symbols
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, USA
Dexterous Anthropomorphic Robotic Testbed
Digital Audio Reconstruction Technology
Data Acquisition Subsystem/System
Datenausgabe-Steuerung
Decimal Adjust for Subtraction
Digital Analysis System
Direct Attached Storage
Dual Attached/Attachment Station (FDDI)
Datenübertragung via Satellit
Direct Access Storage Device
Digital Audio Stationary Head
DAV Search and Locate
Data Administration Strategic Plan
Data Analysis Statistics and Probability
Deliver Automated Solutions Process
Drive active – Slave present
Dynamic Adaptive Speculative Preprocessor
Direct Access Secondary Storage
Ditributed Authentication Security Service
Datenaustausch-Steuerung
Digital Audio Tape
Disk Array Technology
Data Communications
Drake Authorized Testing Center (Novell)
Data Telecommunication
Datenverarbeitungsorganisation der steuerberatenden Berufe
Data Exchange for Jedermann
Data Exchange by Lines (leitungsvermittelt)
Data Exchange Multi-Megabit
Data Exchange in Packages (paketvermittelt)
Digital Amateur Television
Digitaler Alarmumsetzer
Digital Announcement Unit
Dümmster Anzunehmender User (Slang)
Dynamische Adress-Umsetzung
Data Available
Digital Audio Video
Distributed Authoring and Versioning
DoE Automated Visitor Access Control System
Digital Audio Video Council
Digital Audio Video Interactive Decoder
Directed Acyclic Word Graph
Data Base/Buffer
Device Bay
Dynamic Backtracking
Database Access/Agent/Administrator
Detect Before Break
148
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
DBBS
DBBS
DBC
DBC
DBCES
DBCS
DBCS
DBE
DBFS
DBH
DBI
DBIC
DBLP
DBM
DBM
DBML
DBMS
DBP
DBPSK
DBQ
DBQ
DBR
DBR
DBS
DBS
DBS
DBS
DBS
DBT
DBV
DBV
DBWR
DBX
DC
DC
DC
DC
DC
DC
DC
DC
DC
DC
DCA
DCA
DCA
DCA
DCA
DCAF
DCAM
DCAM
DCAM
DCB
DCB
DCC
DCC
DCC
Database Baby Sitter (DBA)
Dynamic Bass Boost System
Data Bus Controller
Device Bay Controller
Dynamic Bandwidth Utilization in 64 kBit/s Time Slot Trunking over ATM Using Circuit Emul
Delivery Bar Code Sorter
Double-Byte Character Set
Data Base Engine
Data Base File System
Data Base Handler
Data Base Interface (Class)
Dezibel Isometric Circular
Digital Bibliography + Library Project
Data Base Manager
Dezibel per Milliwatt
Data Base Markup Language
Data Base Management System
Deutsche Bundespost
Differential Binary Phase Shift Keying
Data Base Query
Data/Document Based Question
Deterministic Bit Rate
DOS Boot Record
Data Base Server/System
Debian Build System
Demand Based Switching
Deutscher Bildungsserver
Direct Broadcast/Broadcasting Satellite/System
Dynamic Backtracking
Deutsches Bücherverzeichnis
Digital Broadcast Video
Database Writer
Debugger for UNIX
Data Collection/Communication/Compression/Control
Design Change
Device Context (Microsoft)
Device/Domain Control
Direct Connect/Current
Distributed Computing
Distribution Center
Domain Controller
Dublin Core (Metadata Element Set)
Duck + Cover (Slang)
Data Center Administration
Defense Communications Agency, USA
Digital Computer Association
Distributed Communications Architecture
Document Content Architecture
Distributed Console Access Facility (IBM)
Data Communication Access Method
Digital Camera
Direct Chip Attach Module
Data/Device Control Block
Disk Coprocessor Board (Novell)
Data Communication Channel
Data Country Code
Debian Core Consortium
149
DCC
DCC
DCC
DCC
DCC
DCC
DCC
DCC
DCC
DCC
DCCA
DCCH
DCCP
DCCP
DCCP
DCCP
DCCP
DCCP
DCCS
DCD
DCE
DCE
DCE
DCE
DCE
DCF
DCF
DCF
DCF
DCF
DCF
DCF
DCF
DCFL
DCFL
DCI
DCI
DCL
DCL
DCL
DCL
DCL
DCL
DCL
DCLZ
DCM
DCM
DCM
DCM
DCME
DCMI
DCML
DCNA
DCOM
DCOM
DCOP
DCP
DCC Common Core (Alliance)
Department Computer Coordinator
Differential Chain Code
Digital Command Control
Digital Compact Cassette
Digital Content Creation
Direct Cable/Client Connection
Direct Client to Client
Display Combination Code
Distributed Checksum Clearinghouse
Distributed Component Computing Architecture
Dedicated Control Channel
Data Communications Control Procedure
Datagram Congestion Control Protocol
Digital Computer Control Panel
Display Control Computer Program
Dublin Core Community Profile
Dynamic Content Caching Protocol
Distributed Capability Computing System
Data Carrier Detect
Data Circuit/Communication Equipment
Data Circuit-Termination Equipment
Data Collection Engine
Digital Communications Experiment
Distributed Computing Environment (OSF)
Data Communication Facility (IBM)
Data Compression Facility
Data Count Field
Design rule for Camera File systems
Disengage Confirmation
Distributed Coordination Function
Document Composition Facility
Driver Configuration File
Deterministic Context Free Language
Direct Coupled FET Logic
Digital Cinema Initiatives
Display Control Interface
Data Center Linux
Data Control Language (SQL)
DEC Command Language
Declaration
Device Clear
Digital Command Language (DEC)
Disc Change Line
Data Compression Lempel Ziv
Data Communication Method/Multiplexer
Digital Content Management
Distributed Computing Model
Dual chip Module
Digital Circuit Multiplication Equipment
Dublin Core Metadata Initiative
Dynamic Configuration Markup Language
Data Communications Network Architecture
Data Communication processor
Distributed Component Object Model
Desktop Communications Protocol (KDE)
Data Collecting Platform
150
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
DCP
DCP
DCS
DCS
DCS
DCS
DCS
DCS
DCS
DCSP
DCT
DCT
DCT
DCT
DCTL
DCTP
DCU
DCV
DD
DD
DD
DD
DDA
DDA
DDA
DDA
DDA
DDA
DDA
DDB
DDB
DDB
DDBAC
DDBMS
DDC
DDC
DDC
DDC
DDC
DDC
DDC1
DDCMP
DDCS
DDD
DDDB
DDE
DDE
DDE
DDEML
DDES
DDF
DDFA
DDH
DDI
DDI
DDI
DDIF
Device Control Protocol
Digital Cinema Package
Data Collection/Control System
Defined Context Set
Desktop Colour Separation
Diagnostic Communication System
Digital Cellular (Telecommunication) System
Distributed Computing/Control System
Dynamic Channel Selection
Dynamic Constraint Satisfaction Problem
Database Configuration Tool
Digital Cellular Telephone
Digital Core Technology
Discrete Cosine Transform/Transformation
Direct Coupled Transistor Logic
Developmental Certification Test Plan
Data Cache Unit
Destination Coded Vehicle
Data Definition/Deliverable
Debian Developer
Digital Data/Display
Double Density
Deutsche Daten-Autobahn
Digital Differential Analyzer
Distributed Data Access
Distributed Database Architecture
Document Description Architecture
Domain Defined Attribute
DRAM Development Alliance
Device Dependent Bitmap
Device Descriptor Block
Dynamic Delayed Broadcasting
Data Design HBCI Banking Apllication Components
Distributed Data Base Management System
Dewey Decimal Classification
Digital/Display Data Channel
Direct Digital Control
Distributed Data Coupling
Dual Die Chip
Dynamic Data Center
Display Data Channel One
Digital Data Communication Message Protocol (DEC)
Distributed Database Connection Services (IBM)
Direct Distance Dialing
Display Device Data Block
Direct Data Entry
Distributed Debugging Environment
Dynamic Data Exchange
Dynamic Data Exchange Manager Library (Microsoft)
Double Data Encryption Standard
Dynamic Data Formatting
Data Communications and Terminal Controller Device File Access
Distributed Document Handling
Device Driver Interface
Digital Document Interchange
Direct Dial/Dialling In
Digital Document Interchange Format
151
DDK
DDK
DDL
DDL
DDM
DDN
DDNS
DDOS
DDP
DDP
DDP
DDR
DDR
DDS
DDS
DDS
DDS
DDS
DDS
DDS
DDS
DDS
DDS
DDS
DDS
DDT
DDTA
DDV
DDV
DDV
DDVT
DDX
DDXP
DE
DE
DE
DE
DE
DE
DEA
DEA
DEA
DEARN
DEBI
DEC
DEC
DEC
DECNET
DECT
DECUS
DED
DEE
DEF
DEF
DEF
DEF
DEFOMA
Device Driver Kit (Microsoft)
Driver Development Kit
Data Definition/Description Language
Display/Document Description Language
Distributed Data Manager/Management
Defense Data Network, USA
Dynamic Domain Name System
Distributed Denial Of Service
Datagram Delivery Protocol
Debian Documentation Project
Distributed Data Processing
Double Data Rate
Dynamic Document Review
Data Description Specification
Data Distribution Service
Dataphone Digital Service (AT&T)
Delegation Discovery System
Design Data Sheet
DFN Directory Services
Digital/Distributed Data Service/Storage
Digital Direct Synthesis
Direct Digital Service/Synthesis
Direkte digitale (Frequenz-)Synthese
Disk Definition Structure
Distributed Database Services
Dynamic Debugging Tool
Digital Distributed Transaction Architecture
Datendirektverbindung
DES DES Verfahren
Dialog Data Validation
Dynamic Dispatch Virtual Tables
Digital Data Exchange
Digital Data Exchange, Packet-switching Network
Datenentstörung
Debugging Extensions
Device End
Discard Eligible
Document Engineering
Double Ended
Data Encryption Algorithm
Deterministischer Endlicher Automat
Disposable Email Address
Deutsches EARN
Direct Memory Access Extended Bus Interface
Decrement
Device Clear
Digital Equipment Corporation
Digital Equipment Corporation Networking (protocol)
Digital European Cordless Telecommunication
DEC Users Society
Darkness Emitting Diode
Datenendeinheit/-einrichtung (= DTE)
Data Exchange Format
Default
Destination Element Field
Desktop Functional Equivalent
Debian Font Manager
152
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
DEG
DEISA
DEK
DEK
DEL
DEL
DELTA
DELUG
DEM
DEMA
DEMA
DEMTS
DEN
DENIC
DEOS
DEP
DEPP
DER
DER
DES
DES
DES
DES
DESY
DET
DEV
DEV
DEV
DEVO
DF
DF
DF
DFA
DFB
DFBI
DFC
DFCE
DFD
DFD
DFD
DFDR
DFEI
DFG
DFKI
DFM
DFN
DFP
DFP
DFR
DFS
DFS
DFS
DFS
DFSA
DFSG
DFSMS
DFT
Datenendgerät
Distributed European Infrastructure for Supercomputing Applications
Data Encryption Key
Dateneingabekanal
Decode Encode Language
Delete
Developing European Learning Through Technology Advance
Deutsche LINUX User Group
Digital Elevation Model
Decoupled Multiuser Acquisition
Differential Electromagnetic Analysis
Digital and Electronic Maps Transfer Standard
Directory/Document Enabled Networking/Networks
Deutsches Network Information Center
Distributed External Object Store
Data Execution Prevention/Protection
Distributed Enhanced Programming Policy
Dateneingaberegister
Distinguished Encoding Rules
Data Encryption Standard
Data Entry Sheet
Dateneingabesteuerung
Dynamic Energy Saver
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Hamburg
Device Execute Trigger
Development
Device
Device Exclusion Vector
Datenerfassungsverordnung
Data/Destination Field/Form
Default
Device/Double Flag
Deterministic Finite Automaton
Distributed Feedback (-Laser)
Depth First Begin Index
Data Flow Control
Defense Control Element
Datenanwendung für Dritte
Datenflussdiagramm, Data Flow Diagram
Deutsches Fernerkundungs-Datenzentrum
Digital Flight Data Recorder
Depth First End Index
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz, Kaiserslautern und Saarbrücken
Design For Manufacturability
Deutsches Forschungsnetz e. V.
Decimal Floating Point
Digital Flat Panel (Port)
Double Frequency Recording
Deniable File System
Depth First Search
Distributed File Service/System
Dynamic Frequency Selection
Direct File System Access
Debian Free Software Guidelines
Data Facility Storage Management Subsystem
Design For Testability
153
DFT
DFT
DFT
DFT
DFU
DFU
DFUE
DFV
DFZ
DG
DG
DGA
DGC
DGI
DGIF
DGIS
DGL
DGN
DGPS
DGS
DGT
DH
DH
DHCP
DHDTV
DHIS
DHL
DHRVVF
DHS
DHSD
DHT
DHTML
DI
DI
DI
DIA
DIA
DIA
DIA
DIAC
DIAD
DIAS
DIB
DIB
DIB
DIB
DIBOL
DICOM
DICOM
DID
DID
DID
DIDAC
DIDL
DIDS
DIDS
DIF
Diagnostic Function Test
Discrete Fourier Transform/Transformation
Distributed Function Terminal
Drive Fitness Test
Data File Utility
Device Firmware Update
Datenfernübertragung
Datenfernverarbeitung
Default-free Zone
Data Group
Datagram
Direct Graphics Access/Architecture
Distributed Garbage Collection
Deutsche Grid-Inititative
Delta GIF
Direct Graphics Interface Standard
Device-independent Graphics Library (HP)
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Netzdienste
Differential Global Positioning System
Dynamische Geometrie-Software
Direction Generale des Telecommunications
Diffie-Hellman (Key Exchange)
Digital Home
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (Internet)
Digital High Definition Television
Dynamic Host Information System
Dynamic Head Loading
Ducking, Hiding and Running Very Very Fast (Slang)
Department of Homeland/Hopeless Security, USA
Duplex High Speed Data
Distributed Hash Table
Dynamic Hypertext Markup Language
Data In
Decoder Identification
Destination Index
Defence Intelligence Agency
Deutsche Informatik Akademie
Display Industry Association
Document Interchange Architecture (IBM)
Dedicated Inquiry Access Code
Delivery Information Acquisition Device
Digital Information Archiving System
Data Information Base
Device Independent Bitmap
Directory Information Base
Dual Independent Bus
DEC Business Oriented Language
Digital Image/Imagery/Imaging (and) Communication/Communications
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine
Digital Image Design
Digital Information Display
Direct Inward Dialling
Digital Data Acquisition + Control
Digital Item Declaration Language
Defense Integrated Data System
Distributed Intrusion Detection System
Data/Directory Interchange Format
154
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
DIFS
DIG
DIGI
DII
DIIP
DIL
DILA
DILLIGAS
DIM
DIMDI
DIME
DIMM
DIN
DIN
DIN
DINI
DIO
DIP
DIP
DIP
DIP
DIPS
DIR
DIRC
DIS
DIS
DIS
DIS
DIS
DIS
DISA
DISA
DISA
DISC
DISCO
DISCSI
DISEQC
DISN
DISOSS
DISP
DISP
DIST
DIT
DIT
DITO
DITO
DITR
DIU
DIV
DIV
DIV
DIVA
DIVE
DIVO
DIVX
DIW
DIWSCSI
Distributed/DCF Inter Frame Space
Digital Imposition Geometry
Deutsche Interessengemeinschaft Internet e. V.
Dynamic Invocation Interface
Direct Interrupt Identification Port
Dual In Line
Direct-Drive Image Light Amplifier (D-ILA)
Do I Look Like I Give A Shit (Slang)
Data Interpretation Module
Deutsches Institut für Medizinische Information und Dokumentation
Direct Internet Message Encapsulation
Dual Inline Memory Module
Deutsche Initiative für Netzwerkinformation
Deutsches Institut für Normung, Berlin
Do It Now (Slang)
Deutsche Inititative für Netzwerkinformation
Data Input and Output
Dialup Internet Protocol
Digital/Document Image Processing
Dissemination Information Package
Dual Inline Package/Pin
Dual Domain In Plane Switching
Directory
Digital Inter Relay Communication
Data Item Specification
Digital Immune System (Symantec)
Directory/Distributed Information System
Distributed Interactive Simulation
Draft International Standard (ISO)
Dynamic Impedance Stabilization
Data Interchange Standards Association
Defense Information Systems Agency, USA
Direct Inward System Access
Disconnect (frame)
Digital Secure Communication (Bosch/Ascom)
Differential SCSI
Digital Satellite Equipment Control
Defense Information Systems Network
Distributed Office Support System (IBM)
Directory Information Shadow Protocol
Displacement
Digital Image Scaling Technology
Depth of Inheritance Tree
Directory Information Tree
Dit Is Totale Onzin (Slang)
DoD IPv6 Transition Office
Deutsches Informationszentrum für Technische Regeln
Data Interface Unit
Data In Virtual (Facility)
Digitale Vermittlungsstelle
Divide
Digitales Videoarchiv, Karlsruhe
Direct Interface Video Extension
Digitale Vermittlungsstelle Ortsnetz
Digital Video Express
D-Inside Wire
Differential Wide SCSI (16 Bit)
155
DIX
DIY
DJDE
DJM
DKE
DKE
DKG
DKI
DKIM
DKMS
DKOM
DKRZ
DKUUG
DKZ
DL
DL/1
DLB
DLC
DLC
DLC
DLC
DLC
DLCI
DLCX
DLD
DLE
DLF
DLGI
DLHP
DLI
DLL
DLL
DLL
DLLP
DLM
DLM
DLM
DLNA
DLO
DLOC
DLP
DLP
DLPI
DLR
DLR
DLR
DLS
DLS
DLS
DLS
DLSG
DLSW
DLT
DLTM
DM
DM
DM
Digital Equipment Corporation, Intel, Xerox (Ethernet)
Do It Yourself (Slang)
Dynamic Job Descriptor Entry
Distributed Job Manager
Deutsche Kommission Elektrotechnik Elektronik Informationstechnik im DIN und VDE
Deutscher Kleinempfänger (Goebbelsharfe)
Digitales Kartengerät
Device Kernel Interface
Domain Keys Identified Mail
Dynamic Kernel Module Support (Linux)
Direct Kernel Object Manipulation
Deutsches Klima-Rechenzentrum, Hamburg
Danish UNIX Users’ Group
Datenkonzentrator
Download
Data Manipulation Language 1 (IBM)
Dynamic Load Balancing
Data Link Control (IBM)
Digital Learning Center (Kodak)
Digital Loop Carrier
Distributed Loop Carrier
Down Line Control
Data Link Connection Identifier
Data Link Control Exchange
Detailed Level Design
Data Link Escape
Deutschlandfunk
Dienstleistungsgesellschaft für Informatik
Deutsches Linux HowTo Projekt
Digital Libraries Initiative
Data Link Layer
Delay/Digitally Locked Loop
Dynamic Link Library
Data Link Layer Protocol
Distributed LAN Monitoring
Distributed Lock Manager
Dynamic Link Module
Digital Living Network Alliance
Document-Like Object
Delta Lines Of Code
Data Load Partition
Digital Light Processing
Data Link Provider Interface
Dependent LU Requester
Design Layout Record
DOS LAN Requester
Data Link Switching
Dependent LU Server
Distributed Load Sharing
Downloadable Sounds
Deutsche Lehrsoftware Gemeinschaft
Data Link Switching
Digital Linear Tape
Don’t Lie To Me (Slang)
Data Mark/Mining/Mode
Delta Modulation
Dense Mode
156
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
DM
DM
DM
DM
DM
DMA
DMA
DMAC
DMAN
DMAPI
DMB
DMB
DMC
DMC
DMC
DMCA
DMD
DMD
DMD
DMD
DME
DME
DME
DME
DMF
DMF
DMG
DMI
DMI
DMI
DMI
DMI
DMI
DMI
DMI
DMI
DMI
DMI
DMI
DMI
DMI
DMI
DMI
DML
DML
DML
DMLT
DMM
DMMP
DMMS
DMMV
DMO
DMOS
DMOZ
DMP
DMP
DMPC
Device Management/Mapper
Dialogue Management (System)
Direct Manipulation (of text)
Disconnect/Disconnected Mode
Distributed Memory/Monitor
Direct Memory Access/Addressing
Document Management Alliance
Direct Memory Access Controller
Differential Manchester (Coding)
Data Management Application Program Interface
Digital Multimedia Broadcast/Broadcasting
Domain Master Browser
Digital Media Center
Direct Memory Controller
Distributed Management Chain
Digital Millenium Copyright Act
Device Manager Driver
Digital Micromirror Device
Direct Manipulation Device
Directory Management Domain
Digitaler Meldeempfänger
Direct Memory Execution
Distance Measuring Equipment
Distributed Management Environment (OSF)
Direct Manual Focus
Distribution Media Format
Distress Message Generator
Data Management and Interoperability
Data Memory Interface
Database Management Interface
Definition of Management Information
Design Manufacturing Interface
Desktop Management Interface
Deutsche Mittelstandsinformatik
Digital Media Infrastructure
Digital Multiplexed Interface
Digital Music Initiative
Diploma in Medical Informatics
Dipole Mode Index
Direct Manipulation Interface
Distributed Management Interface
Distributed Medical Intelligence
Dynamic Method Invocation
Data Manipulation Language
Dialog Markup Language
Distributed Mode Loudspeaker
Distributed Multi Link Trunking
Digital Multimeter
Distributed Memory, Message Processing
Dynamic Memory Management System
Deutscher Multimedia Verband
Directory Management Organization
Double-diffused Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
Directory Mozilla
Designated Mailers Protocol
Dot Matrix Printer
Distributed Memory Parallel Computer
157
DMPM
DMPP
DMQS
DMR
DMS
DMS
DMS
DMSD
DMSDK
DMSP
DMSS
DMSV
DMT
DMT
DMTF
DMU
DMUP
DMUX
DMY
DMZ
DN
DN
DNA
DNA
DNA
DNA
DNB
DNC
DNCP
DNCRI
DND
DNDO
DNE
DNF
DNG
DNG
DNHR
DNI
DNI
DNIC
DNIE
DNIS
DNKZ
DNL
DNLC
DNM
DNMS
DNPG
DNRC
DNS
DNS
DNSB
DNSBL
DNSO
DNSSEC
DNUG
DO
Digital Monitor Power Management
Distributed Memory Parallel Processor
Display Mode Query and Set (IBM)
Dual Modular Redundancy
Data/Design/Desktop/Document Management Software/System
Deadline Monotonic Scheduling
Digital Management Solutions
Digital Multi-Standard Decoding
Digital Media Software Development Kit
Distributed Mail System Protocol
Distributed Mass Storage System
Distributed Memory, Shared Variables
Discrete Monitor Timing (VESA)
Discrete Multitone (Modulation)
Desktop/Distributed Management Task Force
Digital Mock-up
Debian Machine Use Policies
Demultiplexer
Day Month Year (Datumsangabe)
De-Militarised Zone (Firewall)
Distinguished Name
Down
Digital Network Architecture (DEC)
Direct Note Access
Distributed Network Architecture
Document Enabled Network
Deutsche Nationalbibliographie
Direct/Distributed Numerical Control
Decnet Phase IV Control Protocol
Division of Networking and Communications Research and Infrastructure (NSF)
Do Not Disturb
Do Not Disturb Override
Deterministic Network Enhancer (VPN)
Disjunktive Normalform
Datennetzabschlussgerät
Digital Negative
Dynamic Non-Hierarchical Routing
Desktop Network Interface
Direct Neural Interface
Data Network Identification Code
Digital Natural Image Engine
Dialed Number Identification Service
Datennetz-Kontrollzentrum (DBP)
Dynamic Noise Limiter
Directory Name Lookup Cache
Datennetzabschlussmodul
Datennetz-Management-Software
Digital Networks Product Group
Domain Name Rights Coalition
Direct Numerical Simulation
Domain Name Server/Service/Scheme/System (Internet)
Daten-Netz-Signalisierung Typ B
DNS Based Blacklist
Domain Name Supporting Organization
Domain Name System with Security Extensions
Deutsche Notes User Group
Data Out, Distributed Object
158
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
DOA
DOAG
DOAJ
DOAR
DOC
DOCP
DOCS
DOCSIS
DOCSV
DOCT
DOD
DOD
DOD
DOD
DOD
DODCI
DOE
DOE
DOI
DOI
DOIP
DOK
DOL
DOLAP
DOM
DOM
DOMF
DOORS
DOP
DOQ
DOR
DOS
DOS
DOS
DOSEM
DOSS
DOT
DOT
DOV
DOVE
DOW
DOW
DP
DP
DP
DP
DP
DP
DPA
DPA
DPA
DPAM
DPAR
DPAREN
DPB
DPBO
DPC
Dead On Arrival
Deutsche Oracle-Anwender-Gruppe
Directory of Open Access Journals
Directory of Open Access Repositories
Distributed Object Computing
DAE Optimal Control Problem
Designation of Other Coding System
Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification
Data Over Circuit Switched Voice
Distributed Object Computation Testbed
Department of Defence (Defense), USA
Digital Optical Disc
Dollars On Demand
Drink Or Die
Drop On Demand
Department Of Defense Computer Institute
Department Of Energy, USA
Distributed Objects Environment/Everywhere
Digital Object Identifier
Domain Of Interpretation
Dial Other Internet Providers
Distrikts- und Ortsverbands-Kenner (des DARC)
Direct Object Linking
Desktop OLAP
Document Object Model/Modul
Document Output Management
Distributed Object Management Facility (Sun)
Distributed Object Oriented Reliable Service
Directory Operational Binding Management Protocol
Digital Orthophoto Quadrangle
Digital Optical Recording
Denial Of Service
Disk Operating System
Distributed Operating System
DOS Emulator/Emulation
Dedicated Office Systems and Services
Document Template
Documents to Think with (GMD)
Data Over Voice
Digital Orbiting Voice Encoder
Day Of Week
Direct Overwrite
Data Processing
Dial Pulse
Digital Person/Persona/Photography
Distributed Printing/Processor
Dot Pitch
Draft Proposed Standard (ISO)
Demand Protocol Architecture
Differential Power Analysis
Document Printing Application/Architecture
Demand Priority Access Method
Data Parallel Abstraction
Data Parity Enable (IBM)
Drive Parameter Block
Downstream Power Back Off
Deferred Procedure Call
159
DPC
DPC
DPCM
DPCT
DPD
DPD
DPDA
DPDS
DPF
DPG
DPI
DPI
DPI
DPL
DPL
DPL
DPM
DPM
DPMA
DPMA
DPMI
DPMS
DPMS
DPMS
DPO
DPO
DPOF
DPP
DPR
DPR
DPS
DPS
DPS
DPSI
DPSI
DPSI
DPSK
DPT
DPT
DPU
DQCB
DQDB
DQF
DQL
DQL
DQL
DQL
DQO
DQPSK
DR
DR
DR
DR
DR
DR
DR
DRA
Direct Program Control
Display Controller
Differential Puls Code Modulation
Data Processing Control Transmittal Card
Dead Peer Detection
Deep Power Down (modus)
Deterministic Push Down Automaton
Data Processing Distributed Systems
Discrete Packet Format
Dedicated Packet Group
Deep Packet Inspection
Distributed Protocol Interface
dots per inch
Debian Project Leader
Descriptor Privilege Level
Distributed Program Link
Digital Panel Meter
Display Power Management
Data Processing Management Association, USA
Deutsches Patent- und Markenamt, München
DOS Protected Mode Interface (Microsoft)
Digital/Display Power Management Signaling/Software/Support
Display Power Management Signaling (Standard) (VESA)
DOS Protected Mode Service
Dial Pulse Originating
Data Phase Optimization
Digital/Direct Print Order Format
Demand Priority Protocol
Distributed Pasword Recovery
Dynamic Physical Rendering
Digital Print System
Display Postscript
Document Processing System
Direction, Planification et Strategie Informatique
Dots Per Square Inch
Dual Power Servo Interface
Differential Phase Shift Keying
Data Processing Terminal
Drive Parameter Table
Data Parallel Unit
Distributed Queue Control Bus
Distributed Queue Double/Dual Bus
Driver Qualification File
Data/Database/DataEase Query Language
DAML Query Language
DICOM Query Label
Domain Qualifier List/Lists
Data Quality Objective
Differential Quadrature Phase Shift Keying
Data Received
Designated Router
Digital Research
Direct or Reverse
Disaster Recovery
Document Request
Dynamic Reconfiguration
Deutsches Rundfunk-Archiv
160
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
DRAM
DRAW
DRB
DRBD
DRC
DRCMF
DRCS
DRDA
DRDA
DRDRAM
DRDW
DRE
DRE
DRI
DRI
DRI
DRI
DRI
DRL
DRM
DRM
DRM
DRM
DRM
DRMS
DRO
DRO
DRP
DRP
DRP
DRQ
DRQ
DRR
DRS
DRS
DRS
DRS
DRS
DRTS
DRTS
DRV
DRY
DS
DS
DS
DS
DS
DS
DS
DS
DS
DS02
DS3
DSA
DSA
DSA
DSA
Dynamic Random Access Memory
Direct Read After Write
DRAM Row Boundary
Distributed Replicated Block Device
Dynamic Range Compression
Digital Reality Creation Multi Function (Sony)
Dynamically Redefinable Character Set
Distributed Relational Database Architecture (IBM)
Distributed Remote Database Access
Direct Rambus Dynamic RAM
Direct Read During Write
Direct Recording Electronic (Device)
Distributed Real-time and Embedded (systems)
Declarative Referential Integrity
Defense Research Internet
Digital Research Incorporated
Direct Rendering Infrastructure
Dynamic Range Increase
Dynamically Reconfigurable Logic
Digital Radio Mondiale (Modulation)
Digital Restrictions/Rights Management
Direct Rendering Manager
Distributed Resource Management
Dual Retention Mechanism
Data Record Management System
Data Request Output
Destructive Read Out
DEC’s Routing Protocol
Disaster Recovery Plan
Distributed Reservation Protocol
Disengage Request
DMA Request
Dynamic Rate Repartitioning
Data Relay Satellite
Document Registration System
Domino Runtime Services
Driver Resource
Druckstation
Data Relay + Tracking System
Distributed Revision Tracking System
Drive (Laufwerk)
Don’t Repeat Yourself
Data Segment/Send/Server/Strobe
Differentiated Service
Digit Select
Directory Services
Distributed Services (OSF)
Distribution Service (Cable TV)
Distribution System (WLAN)
Double Sided
Drive Select
ISDN-Festverbindung 128 kbit/s
Digital Signal Level 3
Data Service Adapter
Data/Digital Signature/Standard/Storage Architecture/Algorithm
Debian Security Advisory
Digital Signature Algorithm
161
DSA
DSAB
DSAF
DSAP
DSAP
DSAS
DSB
DSB
DSC
DSC
DSC
DSC
DSCH
DSCP
DSCS
DSD
DSDC
DSDC
DSDD
DSDT
DSDT
DSE
DSE
DSE
DSE
DSEA
DSECT
DSEE
DSG
DSH
DSH
DSHD
DSI
DSI
DSI
DSIG
DSIMM
DSIS
DSK
DSL
DSL
DSL
DSL
DSLAC
DSLAM
DSLB
DSM
DSM
DSM
DSM
DSMA
DSMIT
DSML
DSMLT
DSMX
DSN
DSN
Directory System Agent (X.500)
Distributed Systems Architecture Board
Destination Subarea Address Field
Data Self Auditing Program
Destination Service Access Point
Data Sharing Architecture System
Datenschutzbeauftragter
Double Side Band
Digital Selective Call/Calling
Direct Satellite Communications
Direct Space Control
Document Structuring Comments/Conventions (Postscript)
Downlink Shared Channel
Differentiated Services Code Point
Defense Satellite Communications System, USA
Direct Stream Digital
Data Segment Descriptor Cache
Dual Socket Direct Connect
Double Sided Double Density (Floppy)
Data Set Definition Table
Differentiated System Description Table
Data Storage Equipment
Data Switching Exchange
Distributed System Environment
DSA Specific Entry
Display Station Emulation Adapter
Data/Dummy Control Section
Domain Software Engineering Environment (HP)
Digital Signal Generator
Desparately Seeking Help (Slang)
Dotnet Scripting Host
Double Sided High Density (Floppy)
Detailed Spectrum Investigation
Digital Sspeech Interpolation
Dynamic Systems Initiative (Microsoft)
Digital Signature
Dual RAS SIMM
Distributed Support Information Standard
Datenschutzkommission
Damn Small Linux
Dialogue Scripting Language (OSF)
Digital Subscriber Line
Dynamic Simulation Language
DSL Access Concentrator
Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer
Digital Subscriber Line Board
Daten-Signal-Multiplexsystem
Demand Side Management
Distributed Shared Memory
Domain Specific Modelling
Digital Sense Multiple Access
Distributed SMIT (IBM)
Directory Services Markup Language
Distributed Split Multi Link Trunking
Digitaler Signalmultiplexer
Data Source Name
Deep Space Network
162
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
DSN
DSN
DSN
DSN
DSO
DSO
DSOM
DSOM
DSP
DSP
DSP
DSP
DSP
DSPL
DSPT
DSPU
DSQ
DSQ
DSQD
DSR
DSR
DSR
DSR
DSR
DSRC
DSRI
DSS
DSS
DSS
DSS
DSS
DSS
DSS
DSS
DSS
DSS
DSS
DSS1
DSSA
DSSI
DSSI
DSSS
DSSSL
DST
DST
DST
DST
DST
DSTN
DSU
DSUWG
DSVD
DSW
DSX
DT
DT
DT
Defense Switched Network
Delivery Status Notification
Digital Switching Network
Distributed Sensor Networks
Digital Sampling Oscilloscope
Dynamic Shared Object
Distributed System Object Model
Distributed Systems Operations and Management
Delivery Service Partner
Digital Signal/Sound Processing/Processor
Directory Synchronization/System Protocol
Display Support/Systems Protocol
Domain Specific Part
Datensichtplatz
Display Station Pass Thru
Downstream Physical Unit
Digital Squelch
Double Square (Coding)
Double Sided Quad Density (Floppy)
Data Set Ready
Device Status Register/Report
Digitales Satelliten-Radio
Document Search and Retrieval
Dynamic Source Routing
Dedicated Short Range Communication
Deutsche Stiftung für Recht und Informatik
Data Security Standard
Data Storage Segment/Server
Decision Support System
Digital Satellite System
Digital Signature Standard/System
Digital Spread Spectrum
Digital Subscriber Signalling
Digitized Sky Survey
Direct Station Selector
Directory and Security Services
Distributed Security Service
Digital Signalling System No. 1
Domain Specific Software Architecture
Digital Standard Systems Interconnect (DEC)
Digital Storage Systems Interconnect
Direct Sequence/Sequencing Spread Spectrum
Document Style Semantics and Specification Language
Datenstation
Daylight Saving Time
Depleted Substrate Transistor
Direct Stream Transfer
Dispersive Signal Technology
Double Super Twisted Nematic Field Effective Material
Data/Digital Service/Switching Unit
Data Systems Users’ Working Group
Digital Simultaneous Voice and Data
Data/Device Status Word
Digital Signals Cross-Connect
Data Track/Translation/Transmission/Transmit/Type
Date + Time
Deep Trench (bipolar junction transistor)
163
DT
DT
DT
DT
DT
DT
DT
DT
DT
DT
DT
DT
DT
DTA
DTA
DTA
DTA
DTAB
DTAG
DTC
DTC
DTC
DTC
DTCP
DTD
DTDS
DTE
DTE
DTF
DTF
DTFS
DTIM
DTK
DTK
DTK
DTL
DTL
DTL
DTLA
DTLB
DTLS
DTLS
DTLS
DTM
DTM
DTMF
DTMF
DTML
DTN
DTN
DTN
DTN
DTN
DTOS
DTP
DTP
DTPS
Definition Term
Delay Time
Desktop
Deutsche Telekom
Diagnostic Test
Dial Tone
Digital/Direct Television
Digital Termination
Directional Transmission
Display Terminal
Distributed (graphical user interface) Toolkit
Double Tagging
Downtime
Datenträger-Austausch
Diagnosetestablauf
Direct Tape Access
Disk Tranfer Area
Demountable Tape Automated Bonding
Deutsche Telekom AG
Data Communications and Terminal Controller
Desktop Communication/Conferencing
Distributed TCP Caching
Distributed Transaction Coordinator
Digital Transmission Content/Copy Protection
Document Type Definition
Disaster Tolerant Disk System
Data Terminal/Terminating Equipment
Dumb Terminal Emulator
Digital Tape Format (Sony)
Distributed Test Facility
Desktop File System
Delivery Traffic Indication Map/Message
Deception Toolkit
Desired Track
Developer Transition Kit
Designated Transit List
Dialogue Tag Language
Diode Transistor Logic
Dynamic Transmit Level Adjustment
Dual Translation Lookaside Buffer
Datagram Transport Layer Security
Descriptive Top Level Specification
Distributed Teaching, Learning, and Services
Deterministic Turing Machine
Digital Terrain Mapping
Data/Dual Tone Multiple Frequency
Desktop Management Task Force
Document Template Markup Language
Data Transmission Network
Delay/Disruption Tolerant Network/Networking
Digital Telephone Network
Duplex, Tray, Network (printer)
Dutch Telecom Netherlands
Distributed Trusted Operating System
Desktop Publishing
Distributed Transaction Process/Processing
Dialer Token Pairs
164
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
DTR
DTR
DTR
DTR
DTS
DTS
DTS
DTS
DTS
DTS
DTSS
DTSS
DTTB
DTV
DTV
DTVC
DTX
DU
DUA
DUAT
DUCWIC
DUe
DUeE
DUG
DUKATH
DUL
DUN
DUNCE
DUNDI
DUNDIS
DUS
DUST
DUST
DUT
DUV
DV
DV
DV
DV
DVA
DVA
DVB
DVBH
DVBT
DVC
DVC
DVC
DVCR
DVCS
DVD
DVD
DVD
DVD-R
DVD-RW
DVD-RAM
DVE
D-VHS
Data Terminal Ready
Data Transfer Rate
Dedicated Token Ring
Digital Trunk
Decode Time Stamp
Digital Termination/Transceiving System
Digital Theatre Sound/System
Direct To SOM
Distributed Time Server/Service
Distributed Traffic Shaping (Cisco)
Dartmouth Time Sharing System
Digital Time Synchronization Service
Digital Terrestrial TV Broadcasting
Desktop Video
Digital Television
Desktop Video Conferencing
Discontinuous Transmission
Disk Usage
Directory User Agent (X.500)
Direct User Access Terminal
Do You See What I See (Slang)
Datenübertragung
Datenübertragungseinheit/-einrichtung
Discretionary User Group
Drahtlose Universität Karlsruhe (TH)
Dial-up User List
Dial-up Networking (Profile)
Dial-up Network Connection Enhancement
Distributed Universal Number Discovery
Direction of United Nations Databases and Information Systems
Datenübertragungssystem
Datenübertragungssteuerung
Datenumsetzerstelle
Device Under Test
Data Under Voice
Datenverarbeitung
Delivery Verification (certificate)
Digital Video
Distance Vector
Datenverarbeitungsanlage
Distance Vector Algorithm
Digital Video Broadcast/Broadcasting
Digital Video Broadcast/Broadcasting Handheld
Digital Video Broadcast/Broadcasting Terrestrial
Desktop Video Conferencing
Digital Vibrance Control
Digital Video Camera/Cassette
Digital Video Cassette Recording
Distributed Version Control System
Dackel Vom Dienst
Deutsche Vereinigung für Datenschutz
Digital Versatile/Video Disc
Digital Versatile Disk Read Only Memory
Digital Versatile Disk Re-Writable
Digital Versatile Disk Random Access Memory
Digital Video Effects
Data VHS
165
DVI
DVI
DVI
DVL
DVM
DVMRP
DVO
DVOF
DVR
DVST
DVV
DW
DW
DWDM
DWF
DWG
DWIM
DWISNWID
DWM
DWMT
DWN
DWS
DWT
DWT
DWTT
DX
DX
DXA
DXB
DXB
DXC
DXC
DXF
DXF
DXG
DXI
DYHWIH
DYMO
DYNSLT
DYNSRC
DZUG
Deutsches Video Institut
Device Independent
Digital Video/Visual Interactive/Interface/Interleaved
Digital Video Link
Digital Voltmeter
Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol
Dynamic Variable Ordering (Heuristic)
Digital Video Over Fibre
Digital Video/Voice Recorder
Datenvermittlungsstelle
Datenverarbeitungsverantwortlicher
Data Warehouse/Warehousing
Dual Watch
Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexer/Multiplexing
Drawing Web Format
Drawing (AutoCAD)
Do What I Mean (Slang)
Do What I Say Not What I Do (Slang)
Diskless Workstation Management
Discrete Wavelet Multi Tone
Debian Weekly News
Digitaler Wahlstift
Directory Watch
Discrete Wavelet Transform/Transformation
Distribution Wide Tracker Tool
Directory Exchange
Weitverkehr, Distance (Funk)
Directory Exchange Agent
Digital Extended Broadcasting
Drawing Exchange Binary
Data Exchange Control
Digital Cross Connect
Data/Drawing Exchange/Interchange File/Format
Data Transfer File
Datexnetzabschlussgerät
Data Exchange Interface
Do You Hear What I Hear (Slang)
Dynamic MANET On-Demand (Routing)
Dynamic Select
Dynamic Source
Deutsche Zope Users Group
E
E2EG
E2U
EA
EA
EA
EA
EA
EAC
EAC
EAC
EAC
EACEM
EAD
Electronic, End, Enhanced, European, Extended
Ear To Ear Grin (Slang)
E.164 To URI
Effective Address
Eingabe/Ausgabe, E/A
Emulsion Aggregation
Extended Address/Attribute
External Address
Election Assistance Commission, USA
European Activities Committee
Exact Audio Copy
Extended Access Control
European Association of Consumer Electronics Manufacturers
Encoded Archival Description (Format)
166
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
EAD
EAI
EAIM
EAL
EAM
EAN
EAN
EAN
EANCOM
EANTC
EAP
EAPOE
EAPOL
EAPS
EAR
EAR
EAR
EAR
EARBA
EARN
EAROM
EARS
EARS
EARS
EAS
EAS
EAS
EASA
EASC
EASKT
EATA
EAWR
EAX
EAZ
EBASIC
EBC
EBC
EBCDIC
EBCOT
EBCT
EBD
EBI
EBL
EBM
EBNF
EBONE
EBP
EBP
EBP
EBPNN
EBPP
EBR
EBR
EBS
EBT
EBTF
EBU
Ethernet-Anschlussdose
Enterprise Application Integration
European Alliance for Information Management
Evaluation Assurance Level
Electronic Accounting Machinery
European Advanced Networking (Protocol)
European Article Number
Extragalactic Area Network
EDIFACT-Subset Konsumwirtschaft
European Advanced Networking Test Center
Extensible Authentication Protocol
Extensible Authentication Protocol Over Ethernet
Extensible Authentication Protocol Over LAN
Ethernet Automatic Protection Switching
Eavesdrop And Register
Elektro-Altgeräte Register
Enterprise Archive
External Access Register
Enhanced Adaptive Rate Based Algorithm
European Academic Research Network
Electrically Alterable Read Only Memory
Electronic Access to Reference Services
Electronic Authoring and Routing System
Explicit Archive and Retrieval System
Electronic Authorization System
Enterprise Agreement Subscription
Extended Area Service
European Academic Software Award
Euro-Asian Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (Russia et al.)
Einzelanschluss-Konzentrator
Enhanced AT Bus Attachment
Eingabeauswahlknotenregister
Environmental Audio Extensions
Endgeräteauswahlziffer (ISDN)
Extended BASIC
EFI Byte Code
EISA Bus Controller
Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (IBM)
Embedded Block Coding with Optimized Truncation
Electron Beam Computed Tomography
Emergency Boot Disk
Equivalent/Extended Background Input/Investigation
Electronic Bearing Line
Electronic Bearing Marker
Erweiterte (Extended) Backus-Naur-Form
European Backbone
Electronic Bill Presentmet
Elektronisches Briefpapier
Extended Base Pointer
Error Back Propagation Neural Network
Electric Bill Presentment and Payment
Excessive Burst Rate
Extended Boot Record
Event Based Sampling
Electronic Benefits Transfer
European Banking Technology Fair
European Broadcasting Union
167
EBV
EBX
EBXM
EC
EC
EC
EC
EC
EC
EC
EC
EC
ECA
ECAD
ECAL
ECAS
ECAT
ECB
ECB
ECBS
ECC
ECC
ECC
ECC
ECCC
ECCN
ECCOS
ECD
ECD
ECDH
ECDL
ECDLP
ECDSA
ECDT
ECEF
ECF
ECG
ECHO
ECI
ECI
ECIN
ECIS
ECL
ECL
ECLF
ECM
ECM
ECM
ECM
ECM
ECMA
ECN
ECN
ECNE
ECO
ECODU
ECOM
Elektronische Bildverarbeitung
Electronic Book Exchange
Electronic Business XML
Echo Cancellation
Educational Computer
Electronic Cash/Commerce
End Chain
Error Control
European Community
Evolutionary Computing
Exchange Carrier
Executive Commitee
Event, Condition, Action
Electronic Computer Aided Design
Enjoy Computing And Learn
Exchange Card Architecture Specification
Electronic Card Assembly and Test
Electronic Code Book
Event Control Block
European Committee for Banking Standards
Elliptic Curve Cryptosystem/Cryptography
Enter Cable Change
Error Check/Correction Circuit/Code
Error Checking and Correcting
Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity
Export Control Classification Number
Electronic Card Catalog + Ordering System
Enhanced Colour Display
Enhanced Compact Disc
Elliptic Curve Diffie Hellman
European Computer Driving License
Elliptic Curve Discrete Logarithm Problem
Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm
Embedded Controller Boot Resources (Description) Table
Earth-centered Earth-fixed
Enhanced Connectivity Facility
Electronic Content Guide
European Community Host Organisation
Europäisches Computer Informationszentrum, Bonn
External Call Interface
Electronic Commerce Info Net
European Committee for Interoperable Systems
Emitter Coupled Logic
Execution Control List
Extended Log File Format
Electronic Control Module
Enhanced Coprocessor Mount
Enterprise Content Management
Entity Connection/Coordination Management
Error Correcting/Correction Mode
European Computer Manufacturers Association
Electronic Communications Network
Explicit Congestion Notification
Enterprise Certified NetWare Engineer (Novell)
Electron Coupled Oscillator, Electronic Commerce Forum
European Control Data Users Group
Electronic Commerce
168
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
ECOM
ECOM
ECOMA
ECOOP
ECP
ECP
ECPA
ECR
ECRC
ECRIT
ECS
ECS
ECS
ECS
ECS
ECSD
ECSI
ECSS
ECTF
ECTL
ECU
ED
ED
ED
ED2K
EDA
EDA
EDA
EDA
EDAB
EDAC
EDAP
EDB
EDC
EDC
EDC
EDC
EDCA
EDCF
EDD
EDDC
EDE
EDF
EDFA
EDG
EDG
EDG
EDG
EDG
EDGAR
EDGE
EDGE
EDI
EDIBDB
EDID
EDIFACT
EDIFICE
Electronic Computer Originated Mail
Emergency/Exterior Communications
European Computer Measurement Association
European Conference on Object Oriented Programming
Enhanced/Extended Capabilities Port (Microsoft)
Excessive Cross-Posting
Electronic Communications Privacy Act
Efficient Consumer Response
European Computer Industry Research Centre
Emergency Context Resolution with Internet Technologies
Embedded Computing System
Encryption Control Signal
Enhanced Chip Set
European Common Standard
European Communications Satellite
Enhanced Circuit Switched Data
European Custom Systems Integration
Exalted Carrier Single Sideband
Enterprise Computer Telephony Forum
Electronic Communal Temporal Lobe
EISA Configuration Utility
Edge Device
End Delimiter
Erase Display
EDonkey2000
Electronic Design Automation
Embedded Document Architecture
Event Driven Architecture
Explorative Datenanalyse
Extended Digital Audio Broadcasting
Error Detection And Correction
Extraordinary Data Availability and Protection
Embedded Data Base
Electronic Digital Computer
Enhanced Data Correction
Error Detection and Correction
Error Detection Code
Enhanced Distributed Channel Access
Enhanced Distributed Coordination Function
Enhanced Disk Drive
Extended Distance Data Cable
Encrypt Decrypt Encrypt
Earliest Deadline First
Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier
Electronic/Email Discussion Groups
Environmental Data Gathering
Environmental Database Gateway
EOS Data Gateway
European Data Grid
Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval
Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution
Explicit Data Graph Execution
Electronic Data/Document Interchange
EDIFACT-Subset Baumärkte
Extended Display Identification Data
Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport (UN, DIN)
EDIFACT-Subset Elektroindustrie
169
EDIFURN
EDIOFFICE
EDITEX
EDL
EDL
EDLC
EDM
EDMS
EDMS
EDO
EDOC
EDOC
EDP
EDP
EDPM
EDPS
EDR
EDR
EDRAM
EDS
EDS
EDS
EDSAC
EDSI
EDSL
EDSRA
EDSS
EDTV
EDU
EDV
EDVA
EDVAC
EE
EE
EEC
EEDID
EEE
EEEPROM
EEFL
EEHLLAPI
EEHO
EEL
EEM
EEMA
EEMAC
EEMS
EEP
EEPAL
EEPI
EEPLD
EEPROM
EES
EESA
EF
EFA
EFAC
EFCI
EDIFACT-Subset Möbelindustrie
EDIFACT-Subset Bürobedarf
EDIFACT-Subset Textilindustrie
Edit Decision List
Encapsulator/Enterprise Definition/Description Language
Ethernet Data Link Control
Engineering Data Management
Electronic Document Management System
Enterprise Desktop Management Services
Enhanced/Extended Data Out/Output (DRAM)
Electronic Document
Enterprise Distributed Object Computing
Electronic Data Processing
Enhanced Dot Pitch
Electronic Data Processing Machine
Electronic/Enhanced Data Processing System
Enhanced Data Rate
External Developer Relaease
Enhanced Dynamic Random Access Memory
Electronic DIP Switch
Elektronisches Datenvermittlungssystem
Experimental Distributed System
Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator
Enhanced Small Device Interface
Ethernet Digital Subscriber Line
Earth Data System Reference Application
European Digital Subscriber System
Enhanced/Extended Definition Television
educational; Internet-Domain: Universitäten in USA
Elektronische/Experimentelle Daten-Verarbeitung
Erbium doped Fiber Amplifier
Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer
Electronic/Extended Edition
Endeinrichtung
Extended Error Correction
Enhanced Extended Display Identification Data
Energy Efficient Ethernet
Emulated Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
External Electrode Fluorescent Lamp
Entry Emulator HLLAPI
Either End Hop Off
Epsilon Extension Language
Extended Memory Management
European Electronic Messaging Association
Electrical + Electronic Manufacturers of Canada
Enhanced Expanded Memory Specification/Support
Equal Error Protection
Electrically Erasable Programmable Array Logic
Electronic Entertainment Policy Inititative
Electrically Erasable Programmable Logic Device
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
Escrowed Encryption Standard
Enterprise Extensions SMART Accessed
Externer Fehler
Extended File Attribute
Extended File Access Control
Explicit Forward Congestion Identification
170
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
EFF
EFI
EFI
EFI
EFIP
EFISC
EFL
EFLA
EFM
EFR
EFRC
EFS
EFS
EFS
EFT
EFT
EFTP
EFTS
EFUe
EG
EG
EGA
EGC
EGD
EGEE
EGG
EGK
EGL
EGL
EGN
EGNOS
EGP
EGPCS
EGPE
EGPRS
EGW
EHCI
EHF
EHKP
EHLLAPI
EHR
EHS
EHSA
EIA
EIAJ
EIB
EIBA
EIBIEM
EICAR
EICTA
EID
EID
EIDE
EIDP
EIES
EIES
EIFS
Electronic Frontier Foundation
Electromechanical Frequency Interference
Electronics For Imaging
Extensible Firmware Interface
European Federation of Interconnection and Packaging
Enhanced Fast Instruction Set Computer
Emitter Follower Logic
Extended Four Letter Acronym
Eight-by/to-Fourteen Modulation
Enhanced Full Rate
Enhanced Full Rate CODEC
Electronic Filing System
Enhanced/Encrypted/Encrypting/Enterprise/Episode/Extent File System
Extended File (Name) Server
Electronic Funds Transfer
Euro File Transfer
Easy File Transfer Protocol
Electronic Funds Transfer System
Emissionsdaten-Fernübertragung
Evil Grin (Slang)
Exterior Gateway
Enhanced Graphics Adaptor/Array
(Inmarsat) Enhanced Group Call
Entropy Gathering Daemon
Enabling Grids for E-Science in Europe
Gesetz zum Elektronischen Geschäftsverkehr
Elektronische Gesundheitskarte (eGK)
Embedded-Systems Graphics Library
Enterprise Generation Language
Einzelgebührennachweis
European Geostationary Navigation Overlay System
Exterior Gateway Protocol (Internet)
Environment, GET, POST, Cookies, Server
Extended Generalized Programming Environment
Enhanced General Packet Radio Service
Edge Gateway
Enhanced Host Controller Interface
Extremely High Frequency
Einheitliches höheres Kommunikationsprotokoll
Emulator High Level Language Application Programming Interface
Electronic Health Record
European Home System
European Home Systems Association
Electronic Industries Alliance, USA
Electronics Industry Association of Japan
European Installation Bus
European Installation Bus Association
Enhanced Interactive Business Integrating Environment Manager
European Institute for Computer Anti-Virus Research
European Information, Communications + Consumer Electronics Industry Technology Associati
Electronic Identity
Electronic Information Display
Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics
Electronic Information Developers Program
Electronic Information Interchange System
European Information Exchange Service for the Communication between Harbour Areas
Extended Inter Frame Space
171
EIGRP
EIM
EIMS
EIN
EIP
EIP
EIP
EIR
EIRP
EIS
EIS
EISA
EISS
EIST
EIT
EITI
EITO
EIUF
EIV
EJB
EJO
EK
EK
EKT
EKTS
EL
EL
EL
EL
ELAN
ELAN
ELANC
ELC
ELC
ELD
ELD
ELEC
ELEC
ELENA
ELF
ELF
ELFEXT
ELFF
ELGA
ELKS
ELM
ELOD
ELOS
ELOS
ELP
ELS
ELSA
ELSPA
ELSTER
ELT
ELV
ELV
Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
Electronic Image Management
Eudora Internet Mail Server
European Informatics Network
Enterprise Informational Portal
Extended Instruction Pointer
Extended IP (Internet)
Equipment Identity Register
Effective/Equivalent Isotropically Radiated Power
Electronic/Employee/Emergency Information Services/System
Enterprise/Executive/Expert Information System
Extended Industry Standard Architecture
Europäisches Institut für Systemsicherheit
Enhanced Intel Speedstep Technology
Event Information Table
European Interconnect Technology Initiative
European Information Technology Observatory
European ISDN User Forum
Encryption Initialization Vector
Enterprise Java Beans
Electronic Journal Online
Editor Kit
Event Kernel
Envelope-Kanal-Teiler
Electronic Key Telephone Service/Sets
Electroluminiscent (Display)
Elevation
Embedded Linux
Erase Line
Educational/Elementary Language
Emulated Local Area Network
Enhanced Local Area Network Controller
Embedded Linking and Control
Embedded Linux Consortium
Electroluminescent Display
Electronic License Distribution
Embedded Linux Expo + Conference
Enterprise Local Exchange Carrier
Elektronischer Einkommensnachweis
Executable and Linkable/Linking Format
Extremely Low Frequency
Equal Level Far End Crosstalk
Extended Log File Format
Elektronische lebenslange Gesundheitsakte
Embeddable Linux Kernel Subset
Electronic Mail (system)
Erasable Laser Optical Disk
Electro Optical Synergy
Embedded Lightweight Operating System
Education License Program
Entry Level System
Enhanced Linux System Accounting
European Leisure Software Publishers Assosciation
Elektronische Steuer-Erklärung
Emergency Locator Transmitter
Electronic/Extra Low Voltage
Elektronisches Lastschriftvefahren
172
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
ELWIS
EM
EM
EM
EM
EMA
EMA
EMAC
EMACS
EMACS
EMAIL
EMAS
EMB
EMB
EMC
EMC
EMC
EMCC
EME
EME
EMEA
EMEA
EMF
EMF
EMFBI
EMFIS
EMHS
EMI
EMI
EMI
EML
EMM
EMM
EMP
EMP
EMPA
EMR
EMR
EMR
EMS
EMS
EMS
EMS
EMS
EMSAPI
EMSEC
EMSEC
EMT
EMUG
EMV
EMVG
EMVU
EMX
EN
EN
ENA
ENCMM
Elektronisches Wasserstrassen-Informationssystem für die Binnenschifffahrt
Electronic Mail
End of Medium
End-host Multicast
Expanded Memory
Electronic Mail Association
Enterprise Management Architecture (DEC)
European Market Awareness and Education Committee
Editing Macros (GNU)
Escape-Meta-Alt-Control-Shift (Slang)
Electronic Mail
Edinburgh Multi-Access System
Enhanced Master Burst
Extended Memory Block
Electromagnetic Compatibility
Electronic Mail Connection
Extended Math Coprocessor
Eckert-Mauchly Computer Company
Earth - Moon - Earth (Connection)
Electromagnetic Environment
Europe, Middle East, and Africa
European Medicinal Evaluation Agency, London
Electromagnetic Field/Force
Enhanced Meta File
Excuse Me For Butting In (Slang)
Emerging Markets Financial Services
Electronic Message Handling Systems
Electric & Musical Industries
Electromagnetic Interference
External Memory Interface
European Media Lab, Heidelberg
Enterprise Mail Manager
Expanded Memory Manager
Electromagnetic Pulse
Excessive Multi-Posting/Multiple Posting
Eidgenössische Materialprüfungs- und Forschungsanstalt
Electromagnetic Radiation
Electronic Mail Registration
Enhanced Metafile Record
Electronic Mail System
Electronic/Enhanced Message Service
Energy Management System
Enhanced Messaging Service
Expanded Memory Specification
Extended Messaging Services Application Programming Interface
Emanations Security
Embedded Security (group), UCLA
Embedded Management Tool
European MAP Users Group
Elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit
Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten
Elektromagnetische Veträglichkeit zur Umwelt
Enterprise Mail Exchange
End Node
European Norm
Electronic Networking Association
Ethernet Network Control + Management Module
173
ENDEC
ENDF
ENDS
ENFIA
ENIAC
ENISA
ENITH
ENL
ENP
ENQ
ENS
ENSS
ENSS
ENUM
EO
EO
EOA
EOB
EOC
EOC
EOD
EOD
EOF
EOF
EOF
EOI
EOI
EOJ
EOL
EOL
EOM
EOM
EON
EOP
EOR
EOR
EOS
EOS
EOS
EOS
EOSAT
EOSDIS
EOT
EOT
EOTC
EOU
EOU
EOUG
EPA
EPA
EPA
EPAC
EPC
EPEAT
EPG
EPI
EPI
Encoder/Decoder
Evaluated Nuclear Data File
Ends Segment
Exchange Network Facilities For Interstate Access
Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer
European Network and Information Security Agency
European Network for Information Technology in Human Services
European Network Laboratories
Ethernet Node Processor
Enquiry
Enterprise Network System/Services/Switch
European Navigation Satellite System
Exterior Nodal Switching Subsystem (Internet)
(T)Elephone Number Mapping
Electro Optical
Europe Online
End Of Address
End Of Block
Embedded Operations Channel
End Of Character/Conversion/Cycle
End Of Data
End Of Discussion (Slang)
ECC On the Fly
End Of Field/File/Flame
Enterprise Objects Framework
End Of Image/Interrupt
End Or Identify
End Of Job
End Of Life/Line/List
Europa Online
End Of Message/Meckerei
Erasable Optical Memory
Enhanced (Information Concerning) Other Networks
End Of Page/Partition
End Of Record
Exclusive Or (auch: XOR)
Educational Online Sources
Electro Optical System (Canon)
End Of String
Error Correction Code On SIMM
Earth Observation Satellite
Earth Observing System Data and Information System (NASA)
Embedded Open Type
End of Tape/Transaction/Transmission/Table/Text
European Organization for Testing and Certification
Ease Of Use
End Of User
European Oracle Users Group
Environmental Protection Agency, USA
Europäisches Patentamt, München
Execution Path Analysis
Enhanced Perceptual Audio Coding
Electronic Product Code
Electronics Product Environmental Assessment Tool
Electronic Program Guide
Enhanced Parallel Interface
Execute Programmer Immediately (Slang)
174
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
EPI
EPIC
EPIC
EPIRB
EPL
EPL
EPLD
EPM
EPMAP
EPO
EPO
EPOE
EPP
EPP
EPPT
EPRCA
EPRML
EPROM
EPS
EPS
EPS
EPSCS
EPSF
EPSI
EPSMA
EPSR
EPSS
EPU
EQ
ER
ER
ER
ERA
ERA
ERAS
ERBIS
ERC
ERC
ERC
ERC
ERCIM
ERD
ERD
ERE
ERESC
EREW
ERG
ERI
ERIC
ERL
ERLL
ERM
ERM
ERMA
ERMES
ERMES
ERN
External Presentation Interface
Electronic Privacy Information Center, USA
Explicitly Parallel Instruction (Set) Computing
Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon
Effective Prvilege Level
Ethernet Powerlink
Electronic/Erasable Programmable Logic Device
Enterprise Process Management
Electronic Publishing Mapping Project
Emergency Power Off
Entry Point Obscuring
Enhanced Power Over Ethernet
Enhanced Parallel Port
Ethernet Packet Processor
European Printer Performance Test
Enhanced Proportional Rate Control Algorithm
Enhanced Partial Response Maximum Likelihood
Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
Electronic Publishing System
Encapsulated Postscript
Enterprise Parallel Server (HP)
Enhanced Private Switched Communications Service
Encapsulated Postscript File Format
Encapsulated Postscript Interchange Format
European Power Supply Manufacturers Association
Ethernet Protection Switching Ring
Experimental Packet Switching Service
Energy Processing Unit
Equalizer
Entity Relationship
Explicit Rate
Externer Rechner
Elementarer/Eingeschränkter Regulärer Ausdruck
Extended Registry Attribute
Electronic Routing and Approval System
Einheitliches Rechnerunterstütztes Betriebsführungssystem
European Radiocommunication Committee
European Research Council
Explicit Route Control
External Relations Committee
European Research Consortium for Informatics and Applied Mathematics
Emergency Repair Disc
Entity Relationship Diagram
Extended Regular Expression
European Register of Stolen Computers
Exclusive Read, Exclusive Write (PRAM)
European Regulators Group
Emergency Recovery Information
Educational Resources Information Center, USA
Echo Return Loss
Enhanced Run Length Limited
EMC and Radio Matters
Entity/Enterprise Relationship Model
Electronic Recording Method, Accounting (General Electric)
European Messaging System
European Radio Message Service/System
Explicit Route Number
175
ERO
EROM
ERP
ERP
ERP
ERR
ERS
ERU
ES
ES
ES
ES
ES
ES
ESA
ESA
ESATA
ESB
ESB
ESC
ESC
ESC
ESCD
ESC/I
ESC/P
ESCM
ESCON
ESD
ESD
ESD
ESD
ESD
ESD
ESDA
ESDC
ESDI
ESDP
ESDRAM
ESE
ESE
ESE
ESF
ESF
ESG
ESH
ESHG
ESI
ESI
ESI
ESI
ESI
ESIG
ESIS
ESM
ESM
ESMR
ESMS
European Radiocommunications Office
Erasable Read Only Memory
Effective Radiated Power
Endpoint Routing Protocol
Enterprise Resource Planning
Error
Evidence Record Syntax
Emergency Recovery Unit/Utility
Elektronische Signatur
Elementary Stream
Endsystem, End System
Enhanced Security
Expanded Store
Extra Segment
Enterprise System Architecture
European Space Agency
External Serial ATA
Einseitenband, Single Side Band
Enterprise Service Bus
Electronic Support Center/Centre
Escape
European Support Center (Novell)
Extended Setup/System Configuration Data
Epson Standard Code for Image Readers
Epson Printer Language
Extended Services Communications Manager
Enterprise Systems Connection (Architecture) (IBM)
Electronic Software Distribution
Electronic System Design
Electrostatic Discharge
Emergency Shutdown Device
Emergency Startup Disk
Entry Systems Division
Electronic System Design Automation
Extra Segment Descriptor Cache
Enhanced Small/System Device Interface
Enhanced Service Discovery Profile
Enhanced Synchronous Dynamic RAM
Ethernet Switching Engine
Expert System Environment
Extensible Storage Engine
Eureka Software Factory
Extended Superframe Format
Earth System Grid
End System Hello PDU
Elektrische Systemtechnik für Heim und Gebäude
Electrostatic Interference
End System Identifier
Enhanced Serial Interface
European Software Institute
External Systems Interface
European SMDS Interest Group
End System to Intermediate System Protocol (OSI)
Enterprise Security Manager
Ethernet Switching Module
Enhanced Specialized Mobile Radio
European Satellite Multimedia Services
176
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
ESMTP
ESN
ESOC
ESOSL
ESP
ESP
ESP
ESP
ESP
ESP
ESP
ESP
ESPRIT
ESR
ESR
ESRO
ESS
ESS
ESS
ESS
ESSID
ESTSC
ESU
ESU
ESUG
ESV
ETA
ETACS
ETANN
ETB
ETC
ETC
ETD
ETDD
ETDM
ETE
ETF
ETFTP
ETI
ETIN
ETL
ETM
ETN
ETNS
ETOL
ETOM
ETOX
ETR
ETRN
ETS
ETS
ETS
ETSA
ETSI
ETX
EU
EU
Extended Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (Internet)
Electronic Serial Number
European Space Operation Centre
Endless Snorts Of Stupid Laughter (Slang)
Early Support Program
Electronic Shock/Skip Protection
Encapsulating Security Payload
Enhanced Serial Port
Enhanced Service Provider
Enterprise System Platform
Eudora Sharing Protocol
Extended Stack Pointer
European Strategic Programme for Research in Information Technology
Equivalent Series Resistance
Event Service Routine
Efficient Short Remote Operations
Electronic Switching System
Enterprise Storage Server (IBM)
Environmental Stress Screening
Extended Service Set
Extended Service Set Identifier
Energy Science + Technology Software Center
Electrostatic Unit
Europäische Standardüberweisung (eBanking)
European Smalltalk Users Group
Elektronikschrottverordnung
Estimated Time of Arrival
Extended Total Access Communication System
Electrically Trainable Analog Neural Network (Intel)
End of Transmission Block
Electronic Toll Collection
Enhanced Throughput Cellular (modem protocol)
Estimated Time of Departure
Electrical Time Division Demultiplexer/Demultiplexing
Electrical Time Division Multiplexer/Multiplexing
Entry to Exit
Enriched Text Format
Enhanced Trivial File Transfer Protocol
Extended Terminal Interface
Elektronische Transfer-Identifikations-Nummer
Extract, Transform, Load
Exchange Telephone Manager
Electronic Tandem Network
European Telephony Numbering Space
Evil Twin On Line (Slang)
Electron Trapping Optical Memory
EPROM Tunnel Oxide
Early Token Release
Extended Turn (command)
EIB Tool Software
Electronic Tracking System
European Telecommunication Standard
European Telecommunication Services Association
European Telecommunications Standards Institute
End of Text
Elektronische Unterschrift
Execution Unit
177
EUC
EUC
EUCIP
EUD
EUDC
EUI
EUI
EULA
EUNET
EURID
EUROPEN
EUSES
EUUG
EUV
EV
EV
EV
EVA
EVA
EVA
EVA
EVA
EVA
EVAS
EVD
EVE
EVE
EVGA
EVL
EVM
EVMS
EVN
EVO
EVP
EVR
EVS
EVU
EWOS
EWS
EWSD
EWSM
EWSP
EWTS
EXAPT
EXCA
EXCH
EXFCB
EXIF
EXM
EXP
EXT
EXTRN
EXUG
EZV
End User Computing
Enhanced/Extended UNIX Code
European Certification of IT Professionals
Extended U-shape Cell Device
End User Defined Character
End User Interface
Extended Unique Identifier
End User License Agreement
European UNIX Network
European Reguistry of Internet Domain Names
Dachverband europäischer UNIX-Anwendervereinigungen
End Users Shaping Effective Software
Extragalactic/European Unix User Group
Extreme Ultra Violet (Lithography)
Etagenverteiler
European Videotelephony
Extended Validation
Eingabe, Verarbeitung, Ausgabe
Elektronische Fahrplan- und Verkehrsauskunft
Elektronischer Verkehrslotse für Autofahrer
Elektronisches Volltext-Archiv, Karlsruhe
Empfangs- und Verteilanlage
Enhanced Video Adapter
EDV-gestütztes Vereins-Administrations-System
Enhanced Versatile Disc
European Video Telephony
Exklusiver Verzeichnis-Eintrag (Datex-J)
Extended Video Graphics Array/Adapter
Electronic Visualization Laboratory, Chicago
Embedded Virtual Machine
Enterprise Volume Management System
Einzelverbindungsnachweis
Elektro-Schrott-Verordnung
Enhanced Virus Protection
Enhanced Video Renderer
Event Service (OSF)
Elektrizitäts-/Energieversorgungsunternehmen
European Workshop on Open Systems (OSI)
Employee Written Software (IBM)
Elektronisches Wählsystem, digital
Elektronisches Wählsystem für MANs
Elektronisches Wählsystem für Paketvermittlung
Enterprise Web Training System
Extended Subset of APT
Exchangeable Card Architecture
Exchange
Extended File Control Block
Exchangeable Image File Format
Enterprise Messaging Exchange
Exponent
External
External Reference
European X User Group
Elektronischer Zahlungsverkehr
F
Federation, Fernmelde-, Field, File, Francais, Funk
178
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
F!FF
F2F
FA
FA
FA
FA
FAB
FABS
FAC
FAC
FAC
FACCH
FACL
FACS
FACS
FACT
FADA
FADC
FADT
FAE
FAF
FAFWOA
FAG
FAI
FAI
FAID
FAL
FAM
FAMOS
FAN
FAP
FAPI
FAPL
FAQ
FAQ
FAQ
FAQL
FAR
FARE
FARNET
FAS
FAS
FASC
FASIC
FAST
FAT
FAXT
FAXTAM
FB
FB
FB
FBAS
FBD
FBE
FBIS
FBLINU
FBO
Forum Informatiker für Frieden und gesellschaftliche Verantwortung
Face to Face (Slang)
Fernmeldeamt
For Auction (Slang)
Front End Application
Full Adder, Fermeldeamt, Fernamt
(Chip) Fabrication Plant
Fast Access Btree Structure
Fast Access Channel
File Access Code
Final Assembly Code
Fast Associated Control Channel
Full Access Control List
Fibronics Advanced Cabling System
Firmware ACPI Control Structure
Federation Automatic Coding Technologies
File Access Data Unit
Fast/Flash Analog to Digital Converter
Fixed ACPI Description Table
Field Apllications Engineer
File Attribute File
For A Friend Without Access (Slang)
Fernmeldeanlagengesetz
Fournisseurs d’Acces Internet
Fully Automatic Installation
Flash Authority Identification Data
File Access Listener
File Alteration Monitor
Floating Gate Avalanche MOS
Family Area Network
File Access Protocol
Family Application Program Interface
Format and Protocol Language
Frequently Asked Questions (Netnews)
Fragen, Antworten, Quellen der Erleuchtung (Netnews)
Foire Aux Questions (Netnews)
FAQ List
False Acceptance Rate
Film Automatic Retouching and Enhancement
Federation of American Research Networks
Fahrassistenzsystem
Frame Alignment Signal
Future of the Amateur Service Committee
Function- and Algorithm-Specific Integrated Circuit
Fast Access Stationary Tape Guide Transport
File Allocation Table
Far End Crosstalk
Fax and Telephone Answering Machine
Fiber Backbone
Fine Business (Slang)
Fully Buffered
Farb-Bild-Austast-Synchronsignal (RGB-Signal)
Fully Buffered DIMM
Free Buffer Enquiry (Arcnet)
Foreign Broadcast Information Service
Forum für blinde und sehbehinderte Internetnutzer
Frame Buffer Object
179
FBPP
FBRM
FBS
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FC
FCA
FC-AL
FCB
FCB
FCC
FCC
FCCH
FCCSET
FCD
FCD
FCD
FCFS
FCI
FCIA
FCIF
FCL
FCLC
FCP
FCPGA
FCRAM
FCS
FCS
FCS
FCSI
FCT
FCT
FCVC
FD
FD
FD
FDB
FDC
FDC
FDCC
FDD
FDD
FDDI
FDDI TP-PMD
FDDI/UTP
FDDT
FDE
FDE
FDES
FDF
FDFDDI
FDFS
FDI
Federal Biometric Protection Profile
Fractional Bit Rate Modulation
Fernbedienungs- und Steuerungssystem
Federal Criteria
Fibre Channel
File Catalogue
Flip Chip
Flow Control
Forward Checking
Frame Control
Fibre Channel Association
Fiber Channel Arbitrated Loop
File Control Block
Future Communications Bus
Federal Communications Commission, USA
File Carbon Copy
Frequency Correction Channel
Federal Coordination Committee on Science, Engineering and Technology
Final Committee Draft
Floating Car Data
Foundation for Communication for the Disabled
First Come First Served
flux changes per inch
Fibre Channel Industry Association
Full Common Intermediate Format
FORTRAN Command Language
Fibre Channel Loop Community
Fibre Channel Protocol
Flip Chip Pin Grid Array
Fast Cycle (Dynamic) Random Access Memory
Fibre Channel Standard
First Customer Shipment
Frame Check Sequence
Fiber Channel Systems Initiative
Fast CMOS Technology
Firewall Configuration Tool
Flow Controlled Virtual Channel
Finite Domain
Floppy Disk
Full Duplex
Fluid Dynamic Bearing
Final Committee Draft
Floppy Disk Controller
Formal Definitions of Cultural Conventions
Feature Driven Development
Floppy Disk Drive
Fiber Digital/Distributed Data Interface
FDDI Twisted Pair Physical Layer Medium Dependent
FDDI Unshielded Twisted Pair
FDDI Full Duplex Technology
Full Disc Encryption
Full Duplex Ethernet
Full Duplex EtherSwitch
Forms Data Format
Full Duplex FDDI
File Descriptor File System
Flash Data Integrator
180
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
FDISK
FDL
FDL
FDL
FDM
FDM
FDMA
FDOCA
FDP
FDR
FDSE
FDSL
FDSL
FDT
FDX
FE
FE
FE
FE
FEA
FEA
FEAL
FEBE
FEC
FEC
FEC
FEC
FEC
FECN
FED
FED
FEDIS
FEM
FEP
FEP
FEPIM
FER
FERAM
FERF
FEST
FEST
FET
FEXT
FF
FF
FF
FF
FFA
FFAPI
FFDT
FFGF
FFI
FFII
FFM
FFOL
FFR
FFS
Fixed Disk
Factory Data Link
File Definition Language
(GNU) Free Documentation License
Flight Dynamic Model
Frequency Division Multiplexer/Multiplexing
Frequency Division Multiple/Multiplex Access
Formatted Data Object Content Architecture
Form Description Program
Frame Drop Rate
Full Duplex Switched Ethernet
Fixed Directory Subscriber List
Flexible Digital Subscriber Line
Formal Description Technique
Full Duplex (transmission)
Finite Elemente
Focus Error
Format Effektor
Frame/Framing Error
Fast Ethernet Alliance
Fractal Element Antenna
Fast Data Encipherment Algorithm
Far End Block Error
Fast EtherChannel (Cisco)
Floating Electrode Capacitor Cell
Forward Equivalence Class
Forward Error Correction
Front End Clipping
Forward Explicit Congestion Notification
Fachverband Elektronik Design e. V.
Field Emission Device/Display
Finite Element Data Interchange Specification
Finite-Elemente-Methode
Firewall Enhancement Protocol
Front End Processor
Fast Ethernet Port Interface Module
Frame Erasure Rate
Ferroelectric Random Access Memory
Far End Receive Failure
Finite Element Simulation Technique
Framework for European Telemedicine
Feldeffekt-Transistor
Far End Crosstalk
Fieldbus Foundation
First Fail (Principle)
Flipflop
Form Feed
Free For All
File Format API
FDDI Full Duplex Technology (DEC)
File Framework Generator and Formatter
Foreign Function Interface
Förderverein für eine Freie Informationelle Infrastruktur
File-on-File Mounting File System
FDDI Follow-On LAN
For Future Release
Fast/Flash File System
181
FFS
FFS
FFSN
FFT
FFT
FFTP
FG
FG
FG
FGA
FGB
FGC
FGD
FGDC
FGF
FGS
FGV
FH
FHS
FHS
FHSS
FI
FI
FI
FIAWOL
FICON
FID
FIF
FIF
FIFF
FIFO
FILO
FIMS
FINCEN
FINTS
FIP
FIPR
FIPS
FIQ
FIR
FIR
FIR
FIRP
FIRST
FIRST
FIS
FISA
FISH
FISMA
FIT
FIT
FIT
FIT
FITB
FITL
FITNR
FITS
Flexibles Fertigungssystem
For Free Server
Fast Flux Service Network
Fast Fourier Transform/Transformation
Full Frame Transfer
Fast Food Transfer Protocol (Mampfnet)
Feature Group
Foreground
Frame Ground
Feature Group A
Feature Group B
First Global Commerce
Feature Group D
Federal Geographic Data Committee
Forschungsgemeinschaft Funk
Fair Group Scheduling
Fernmeldegebührenvorschriften
Frame Handler
Filesystem Hierarchy Standard
For Heaven’s Sake (Slang)
Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum
Feature Interaction
Form Interpreter
Full Interchangeability
Fandom Is A Way Of Life (Slang)
Fiber Connectivity
File/Format/Frequency Identifier/Identification
Fachinformation in Fachhochschulen
Fractal Image Format
Forum InformatikerInnen für den Frieden e. V.
First In, First Out (Speicher)
First In, Last Out (Speicher)
Forms Integration Management Standard
Financial Crimes Enforcement Network
Financial Transaction Services
File Processor Buffering
Foundation of Information Policy Research, UK
Federal Information Processing Standard, USA
Fast Interrupt Request
Fast Infrared Communication
Finite Impulse Response
Full Intra Request
Federal Internetworking Requirements Panel (NIST)
Fraunhofer-Institut für Rechnerarchitektur und Softwaretechnik, Berlin
Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams
Financial Information System
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act
First In, Still Here (Slang)
Federal Information Security Management Act, USA
Fachauschuss für Information und Telekommunikation
Failures In Time
Fingerprint Identification Technology
Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Informationstechnik, Sankt Augustin
Fill In The Blank (Slang)
Fiber In The Loop
Fixed In The Next Release (Slang)
Flexible Image Transport System
182
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
FITUG
FIX
FIZ
FK
FKTG
FL
FLA
FLAC
FLAIM
FLAME
FLASK
FLBGA
FLC
FLC
FLI
FLIC
FLIT
FLL
FLN
FLN
FLOF
FLOP
FLOPS
FLOSS
FLP
FLT
FLUVIS
FM
FM
FMA
FMA
FMAC
FMC
FMC
FMC
FMCW
FMD
FMD
FME
FMEA
FMH
FMI
FML
FMP
FMP
FMS
FMS
FMS
FMS
FMS
FMV
FN
FNA
FNA
FNA
FNA
FNC
Förderverein Informatik und Gesellschaft e. V.
Federal Information/Internet Exchange
Fachinformationszentrum
Family Key
Fernseh- und Kinotechnische Gesellschaft
Fiber Link
Full Look Ahead
Free Lossless Audio Codec
Flexible and Adaptable Information Manager
Flexible Application Program Interface for Module-based Environments
Flux Advanced Security Kernel
Fine Line Ball Grid Array
Ferro-electric Liquid Crystal
First Level Cache
Font Library
FORTRAN Language for Industrial Control
Flexowriter Interrogation Tape
Frequency Locked Loop
Family Life Network
Fuzzy Lattice Neurocomputing
Full Level One Feature
Floating Point Operation
Floating Point Operations per Second
Free/Libre Open Source Software
Fast Link Pulse
Fertigungsleittechnik
Fluid Dynamics Visualization in a Virtual Windtunnel
Facility/Fault/Function Management
Frequenzmodulation, Frequency Modulation
Fault Management
Fused Multiply-Add
Floating Point Multiply Accumulate
Fan Monitor Connector
Flexible Manufacturing Cell
Flight Management Computer
Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave
Fluorescence Multilayer Disk
Funkmessdienst
Funkmeldeempfänger
Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
Function Management Header
Fixed Mobile Integration
Forms Markup Language
Flow Management Protocol
Functional Multiprocessor/-processing
Facility/File/Forms Management System
Fernmeldesystem
Fieldbus Message Specification
Flexible Manufacturing System
Funkmeldesystem
Full Motion Video
Fiber Node
File Name/Attribute Augmentation Facility
Formerly Known As (Slang)
Functional Needs Analysis
Functional Network Architecture
Federal Networking Council, USA
183
FNL
FO
FO
FOAF
FOC
FOC
FOC
FOD
FOD
FOF
FOIA
FOIP
FOIRL
FOL
FOLDOC
FOLED
FOMA
FOMAU
FOOBAR
FORTRAN
FORTWIHR
FOSDEM
FOSI
FOSS
FOSSIL
FOV
FP
FP
FP
FP
FP
FPAD
FPAL
FPD
FPDP
FPGA
FPIC
FPK
FPLA
FPLD
FPLMTS
FPLS
FPM
FPM
FPML
FPO
FPODA
FPP
FPP
FPP
FPP
FPP
FPS
FPS
FPS
FPS
FPT
Fortran Numerical Library
Fernmeldeordnung
Fiber Optics
Friend Of A Friend (Slang)
Fiber Optic Cable
Free Of Charge
Full Operational Capability
Fax On Demand
Foreign Object Damage
Factor Out Failure
Freedom Of Information Act, USA
Fax Over Internet Protocol
Fiber Optic Inter Repeater Link
First-Order Logic
Free On-Line Dictionary Of Computing
Flexible Organic Light Emitting Display
Freedom Of Multimedia Access
Fiber Optic Medium Attachment Unit
FTP Operation Over Big Address Records
Formula Translator
Forschungsverbund für technisch-wissenschaftliches Hochleistungsrechnen
Free and Open Source Developers’ European Meeting
Formatting Output Specification Instance
Free and Open Source Software
Fido-Opus-Seadog Standard Interface Layer
Field Of View
Fabri-Perrot (-Laser)
False Positive
Fiber Passive
Fixed Part
Floating Point
Field Programmable Address Decoder
Field Programmable Array Logic
Flat Panel Display
Front Panel Data Port
Field Programmable Gate Array
Field Programmable Interconnect Circuit
Fast Packet Keying
Field Programmable Logic Array
Field Programmable Logic Device
Future Public Land Mobile Telecommunications System
Field Programmable Logic Sequencer
Fast Packet Multiplexing
Fast Page Mode (DRAM)
Field Programmable Macro Logic
For Placement Only (image)
Fixed Assignment PODA
Fast Parallel Port
Fixed Path Control
Floating Point Processor
Fraud Prevention Pool
Full Packaged Product
Fast Packet Switching
First Person Shooter
For Pay Server
Frames per Second
Force/Forced Perfect Termination
184
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
FPU
FPU
FPX
FQDN
FQHN
FR
FRAD
FRAD
FRAM
FRAP
FRC
FRC
FRCA
FRDS
FRE
FREQNPAV
FREQNPAVBV
FRF
FRICC
FRISK
FRMR
FRPI
FRR
FRS
FRS
FRTS
FRU
FS
FS
FS
FS
FS
FS
FSA
FSAA
FSAG
FSAN
FSB
FSB
FSC
FSCSI
FSD
FSE
FSF
FSFE
FSFO
FSG
FSK
FSL
FSM
FSM
FSM
FSMO
FSN
FSN
FSP
FSS
File Preparation Unit
Floating Point Unit
Flash Pix (Format)
Fully Qualified Domain Name (Internet)
Fully Qualified Host Name (Internet)
Frame Relay
Frame Relay Access Device
Frame Relay Assembler/Disassembler
Ferroelectric/Ferromagnetic Random Access Memory
Frame Relay Access Protocol
Full Rate Channel
Functional Redundancy Checking
Fast Response Cache Accelerator
Failure Resistant Disk System
Full Regular Expression
Frequenznutzungsplanaufstellungsverordnung
Frequenznutzungsplanaufstellungsverordnungsbeauftragtenversammlung
Frame Relay Forum
Federal Research Internet Coordinating Committee
Fri Programvare I Skolen (Norway)
Frame Reject (frame)
flux reversals per inch
False Rejection Rate
Family Radio Service
Frame Relay Service
Future Request To Send
Field Replaceable Unit
Field/File Separator
File System
Finite State
Font Server
Frame Status
Full Screen
Finite State Automaton
Full-Scene Anti-Aliasing
Free Software Association Germany, Frankfurt (M)
Full Services Access Network
Front Side Bus
Functional System Block
Fujitsu Siemens Computers
Fast SCSI
File System Driver
Freisprecheinrichtung
Free Software Foundation
Free Software Foundation Europe
Failsave Failover
Free Standards Group
Frequency Shift Keying (Modulation)
Full Shallow Learning
Finite State Machine
Free Space Map
Freiwillige Selbstkontrolle Multimedia (Diensteanbieter)
Flexible Single Master Operation
File System Navigator
Full Service Network
File Service Protocol (Internet)
Fixed Satellite Services
185
FST
FSTP
FSU
FT
FT
FT
FT
FTA
FTAM
FTASB
FTB
FTBS
FTC
FTC
FTDS
FTEG
FTL
FTLS
FTP
FTP
FTPI
FTPS
FTR
FTR
FTR
FTR
FTR
FTR
FTR
FTR
FTR
FTRT
FTS
FTS
FTS
FTTB
FTTC
FTTG
FTTH
FTTL
FTTN
FTZ
FTZ
FU
FUA
FUA
FUBAHR
FUBAR
FUBB
FUBS
FUD
FUD
FUE
FUG
FUI
FUI
FUL
Freiwillige Selbstkontrolle Telefonmehrwertdienste
Fast Spanning Tree Protocol
Free Software Union
Fast Track
Fault Tolerant
Free Term
Funkentelegraphie
Final Type Approval
File Transfer, Access and Management (OSI)
Faster Than A Speeding Bullet (Slang)
Front To Back Algorithm
Failed To Build from Source
Fax Transfer Centre
Federal Trade Commission, USA
Failure Tolerant Disk System
Gesetz über Funkanlagen und Telekommunikationsendeinrichtungen
Faster Than Light (Slang)
Formal Top Level Specification
File Transfer Protocol (Internet)
Foiled Twisted Pair
Flux Transitions Per Inch
File Transfer Protocol over TLS/SSL (Internet)
Failed To Return
Fast Token Ring
Fast Transient Response
Feature Test Release
File Typing Rules
For This Reason (Slang)
Forget The Rest (Slang)
Frame Transfer Repring
Full Test/Text Retrieval
Faster Than Real Time (Slang)
Fahrerlose Transportsysteme
Fidonet Transport Standard
File Transfer Service
Fiber To The Basement/Building
Fiber To The Curb
Fiber To The Galaxy
Fiber To The Home
Fiber To The Loop
Fiber To The Neighbourhood
Fernmeldetechnisches Zentralamt
Forschungs- und Technologie-Zentrum der DBP Telekom
Functional Unit
Flow Update Acknowledge
Follow Up Amplifier
Fouled Up Beyond All Hope of Recognition (Slang)
Fouled Up Beyond All Repair/Recognition (Slang)
Fouled Up Beyond Belief (Slang)
Fido Used Book Squad
Fear, Uncertainty, and Disinformation/Doubt (Slang)
Flussdiagramm (DIN 66 001)
Forschung und Entwicklung
Functional Unification Grammar
Fake User Interface
File Update Information
Forschung und Lehre
186
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
FUNET
FUNI
FUP
FURA
FUSE
FUSSP
FUST
FÜV
FV
FVD
FVF
FVIT
FVT
FVV
FW
FWA
FWEE
FWEG
FWH
FWI
FWIW
FWLST
FWT
FX
FX
FXO
FXP
FXS
FXSR
FXU
FYA
FYEO
FYI
FZI
Finnish University and Research Network
Frame based/Relay User Network Interface
Funktionsplan (DIN 40 719)
Föreningen Umeå Radioamatörer
Filesystem in User Space
Final Ultimate Solution of the Spam Problem
Funkstelle
Fernmeldeverkehrs-Überwachungs-Verordnung
Festverbindung
Finalized Versatile Disc
Flexible Vertex Format
Fachverband Informationstechnik im ZVEI
Full Video Translation
Feste virtuelle Verbindung
Firewall
Fixed Wireless Access
Fernwirkendeinrichtung
Fernwirkendgerät
Firmware Hub
Frequently Wanted Information
For What It’s Worth (Slang)
Fernwirkleitstelle
Fast Wavelet Transform
File Express
Foreign Exchange (Service)
Foreign Exchange Office
File Exchange Protocol (RFC 959)
Foreign Exchange Station
Fast FP/MMX Streaming SIMD Extensions Save/Restore
Fixed Point Unit
For Your Amusement (Slang)
For Your Eyes Only (Slang)
For Your Information (Internet)
Forschungszentrum Informatik, Karlsruhe
G
G2B
G2C
G2G
GA
GA
GAAS
GAB
GABELN
GABI
GABICO
GAC
GAC
GACP
GAE
GAFIA
GAG
GAIN
GAK
GAL
GAL
General, German, Global, Graphic, Ground, Group
Government To Business
Government To Citizen
Government To Government
Globus Alliance
Go Ahead (Slang)
Galliumarsenid (GaAs)
Group Audio Bridging
Group Area Brett Echo Liste Netz
General Application Binary Interface
Ganz billiger Computer
Global Assembly Cache
Government Advisory Committee
Gateway Access Control Protocol
German Application Environment
Get Away From It All (Slang)
Generic Algorithms for GIMP
German Advanced Integrated Network (IBM)
Government Access to Keys
Gate/Generic Array Logic
Get A Life (Slang)
187
GALA
GAMM
GAMS
GAN
GAP
GAP
GARP
GARP
GARP
GART
GART
GAS
GAS
GAT
GAT
GAUDI
GAVDP
GBB
GBG
GBIC
GBIF
GBJ
GBN
GC
GC
GC
GC
GCA
GCAD
GCC
GCC
GCC
GCF
GCFA
GCI
GCL
GCN
GCR
GCR
GCS
GCS
GCS
GCT
GDA
GDA
GDA
GDB
GDDM
GDE
GDF
GDI
GDLM
GDMO
GDN
GDOI
GDOS
GDP
Geschwindigkeitsabhängige Lautstärkeanhebung
Gesellschaft für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik
Generalized Algebraic Modelling System
Global/Galactic Area Network
General/Generic Access Profile
German Academic Publishers
Generic Attribute Registration Protocol
Genetic Algorithm of Rule-Set Production
Group Address Resolution Protocol
Graphics Address Remapping Table
Graphics Aperture Relocation Table
Gateway Access Server
GNU Assembler
Geek of All Trades (Slang)
Generic Application Template
Guideline Authoring and Dissemination
Generic Audio Video Distribution Profile
Generic Blackboard System
Geschlossene Benutzergruppe (Btx, Datex-J)
Gigabit Interface Converter
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Graph Based Backjumping
Global Business Network
Game Computer
Garbage Collection
Global Catalogue
Grid Computing
Graphic Communications Association, USA
Geographical Computer Aided Design System
Generic Conference Control
GNU C Compiler (gcc)
GNU Compiler Collection
Gatekeeper Confirmation
GIAC Certified Forensics Analyst
General Circuit Interface
Golden Common LISP
Global Challenge Network
Gray Component Replacement
Group Coded Recording
Gauss Centre for Supercomputing
Gauss Centre for Supercomputing
Geek of Computer Science (Slang)
Gate Controlled Thyristor
Gesellschaft für Digitale Archivierungstechnik
Global Data Area
Global Directory Agent
Genome Database
Graphics Data Display Manager
Generic Decryption Engine
Geographic Data Format
Graphic Device Interface
GFS Distributed Lock Manager
Guidelines for the Definition of Managed Objects (OSI)
Government Data Network (UK)
Group Domain Of Interpretation
Graphics Device Operating System
Generalized Drawing Primitive
188
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
GDPDU
GDPS
GDR
GDR
GDRVVF
GDS
GDT
GDT
GDTRC
GE
GE
GE
GE
GEA
GEB
GEC
GECOS
GEDA
GEDIG
GEGL
GEHR
GEIS
GEM
GEM
GEM
GEMA
GEMS
GEN
GENA
GEO
GEOSAR
GEP
GET
GEZ
GFC
GFC
GFDL
GFG
GFG
GFR
GFS
GFSK
GFY
GFY
GG
GGF
GGI
GGP
GGS
GGSN
GHC
GHF
GHN
GHT
GHU
GI
GIAC
Grundsätze zum Datenzugriff und zur Prüfbarkeit digitaler Unterlagen
Geographically Dispersed Parallel Sysplex (IBM)
Global Data Router
Grinning, Ducking and Running (Slang)
Grinning, Ducking and Running Very, Very Fast (Slang)
Global Directory Service
Global Descriptor Table
Grand Dictionaire Terminologique
Global Descriptor Table Register Cache
Geek of Engineering (Slang)
General Electric Company
Gigabit Ethernet
Graphic Escape
Gigabit Ethernet Alliance
Gödel, Escher, Bach
Green Electronics Council
General Electric Comprehensive Operating System
GNU Electronic Design Automation
German EDIF Interest Group
Generic Graphics Library
Good European Health Record
General Electric Information Services
Global Enterprise Management
Globally Executable MHP
Graphics Environment Manager
Gesellschaft für musikalische Aufführungsrechte
Global Enterprise Management of Storage
Global European Network
General Event Notification Architecture
Geostationary Earth Orbit
Geostationary Search And Rescue
Good Engineering Practice
Ground Elapsed Time
Gebühreneinzugszentrale
General/Generic Flow Control
Going For Coffee (Slang)
GNU Free Documentation License
Ganz Freches Grinsen (Slang)
Gift From God (Slang)
Guaranteed Frame Rate
Global/Google File System
Gaussian Frequency Shift Keying
Good For You (Slang)
Go Find Yourself (Slang)
Gadu-Gadu
Global Grid Forum
General/Generic Graphical/Graphics Interface
Gateway to Gateway Protocol
Gütegemeinschaft Software e. V., Köln
Gateway GPRS Support Node
Glasgow Haskell Compiler
Grosshandels-Flatrate
Get Hold Next
Geographic Hash Table
Get Hold Unique
Gesellschaft für Informatik e. V.
Global Information Assurance Certification
189
GIBN
GID
GIF
GIFT
GIGO
GII
GIIS
GILC
GILS
GILT
GIMP
GIMPS
GIOP
GIP
GIP
GIPS
GIS
GISC
GIT
GIWIST
GIX
GK
GKMP
GKS
GKV
GL
GLASS
GLDV
GLIN
GLL
GLONASS
GLP
GLT
GLU
GLUE
GLV
GLX
GM
GMC
GMD
GMDS
GMDSS
GME
GMHS
GMII
GML
GMM
GMMP
GMP
GMPLS
GMR
GMRP
GMS
GMSC
GMSK
GMSV
GMT
Global Interoperability for Broadband Networks
Group Identifier/Identification
Graphics Interchange Format
GNU Image Finding Tool
Garbage In, Garbage/Gospel Out (Slang)
Global Information Infrastructure
Grid Index Information Service
Global Internet Liberty Campaign
Government Information Locator Service
Globalization, Internationalization, Localization, Translation
GNU Image Manipulation Program
Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search
General Inter-ORB Protocol
Global Internet Project
GPS/GSM Interworking Profile
Giga-Instructions Per Second
Geographic Information System
Generic Intelligent System Controller
GNU Interactive Tools
Gee I Wish I’d Said That (Slang)
Global Internet Exchange
Gatekeeper
Group Key Management Protocol
Graphical Kernel System
Geschäftskundenvertrieb (Telekom)
Graphics Language
Globally Accessible Services
Gesellschaft für Linguistische Datenverarbeitung
Global Legal Information Network
Geographic Position - Latidtude/Longitude (message)
Global Navigation Satellite System
Government License Program
Gebäudeleittechnik
General Logic Unit
Global User Environment
Global Line Vectorization
OpenGL Extension for the X Window System
General MIDI
Global Motion Compensation
Gesellschaft für Mathematik und Datenverarbeitung
Global Managed Data Services
Global Maritime Distress and Safety System
Gesellschaft Mikroelektronik im VDE
Global Message Handling System
Gigabit Media Independent Interface
Generalized/Geographic Markup Language
Gamut Map Model
Global Memory, Message Passing
GNU Multiple Precision Arithmetic Library
Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching
Giant Magneto Resistance/Resistive (Head)
GARP Multicast Registration Protocol
Global Messaging Service (Novell)
Gateway Mobile Switching Centre
Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying (Modulation)
Global Memory, Shared Variables
Generic Mapping Tools
190
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
GMT
GMX
GN
GNA
GNATS
GND
GNF
GNI
GNI
GNKSA
GNN
GNOME
GNS
GNS
GNS
GNS
GNS
GNS
GNSS
GNU
GO
GOB
GOBS
GOC
GOCC
GOD
GOEP
GOES
GOK
GOL
GOMS
GOP
GOS
GOS
GOSIP
GOSPL
GOST
GOT
GOUV
GOV
GP
GP
GP
GP
GPA
GPA
GPC
GPF
GPFS
GPGPU
GPI
GPI
GPIB
GPIM
GPL
GPL
GPNV
Greenwich Mean/Meridian Time
Global Message Exchange
Group Ad-hoc Network Point
Globewide Network Academy
GNATS’s A Tracking System
Ground
Greibach Normal Form
Gesellschaft für Angewandte Neuroinformatik
Grenoble Network Initiative
Good Net-Keeping Seal of Approval
Global Network Navigator
GNU Network Object Model Environment
Global Name Service
Global Name Space
Global Navigation Satellite/System
Global Network Security/Services/Simulation/Solutions
GPS Navigation Systems
Grid Network Service
Global Navigation Satellite System
GNU’s Not UNIX
Geek of Other
Group Of Blocks
Grundsätze ordnungsgemässer DV-gestützter Buchführungssysteme
General Operators Certificate
Government Open Code Collaborative
Global Out Dial
Generic Object Exchange Profile
Geostationary/Geosynchronous Operational/Orbiting Environmental Satellite(s)
God Only Knows (Slang)
Game Of Life
Goal, Operators, Methods, Selection
Group Of Pictures
Global Overseas Service
Grundsätze ordnungsgemässer Speicherbuchführung
Government OSI Profile
Generalized Open Source Programmable Logic
Gosudarstvennyy Standart (EASC)
Global Offset Table
Grizzled Old Unix Veteran (Slang)
Government; Internet-Domain: Behörden in USA
Game Port
Gas Plasma
General Purpose
Green Pages
GNU Privacy Assistant
Ground Plane Antenna
General Purpose Computer
General Protection Fault/Failure
General Parallel File System (IBM)
General Purpose Computation on Graphics Processing Unit
General Purpose Interface
Graphics Programming Interface
General Purpose Interface Bus
Gigabit Interface Module
General Public License (GNU)
Graphics Programming Language
General Purpose Non-Volatile (Area)
191
GPON
GPP
GPR
GPRS
GPS
GPS
GPS
GPS
GPS
GPSR
GPSS
GPT
GPU
GQL
GQM
GQOS
GRA
GRACCE
GRAM
GRASP
GRD
GRE
GRE
GREAT
GREP
GRIB
GRID
GRIO
GRIS
GRJ
GRL
GRP
GRQ
GRS
GRUB
GS
GS
GS
GS
GSA
GSA
GSE
GSF
GSFDL
GSI
GSI
GSID
GSL
GSL
GSLB
GSM
GSM
GSM
GSMA
GSMP
GSNW
GSO
Gigabit Passive Optical Network
Generic Packetized Protocol
Global Position Receiver
General Packet Radio Service
General Problem Solver
Generalized Processor Sharing
Global Pizza Service
Global Positioning Satellite/System
Graphical Process Statistics
Greedy Perimeter Stateless Routing
General Purpose Simulation System
GUID Partition Table
Graphic/Graphical Processing/Processor Unit
Graphical Query Language
Goal, Question, Metric
Guaranteed Quality Of Service
Group Random Access
Grand Challenge Computational Environment
Globus Resource Allocation Manager
General Robotics, Automation, Sensing and Perception
Grinning, Running + Ducking (Slang)
Generic Router/Routing Encapsulation (CISCO)
Graphics Engine
Graphical Environment And Desktop
Global Regular Expression and Print
Gridded Binary (code, data format)
Global Resource Identifier
Guaranteed Input Output Bandwidth
Grid Resource Information Service
Gatekeeper Reject
Global Revocation List
General Registration Protocol
Gatekeeper Request
Generic Record Syntax
Grand Unified Bootloader
Geek of Science
Geprüfte Sicherheit (TÜV)
Global Store
Group Separator
Global Mobile Suppliers Association
Global Security Architecture
Graphical Setup Environment
Ghostscript Font
GNU Simpler Free Documentation License
Generic Software Interface
Grid Security Infrastructure
Global Server Identifier
GNU Scientific Library
Graphics Subroutine Library
Global Server Load Balancing
Global Shared Memory
Global System for Mobile Communications
Group Speciale Mobile
Global Scheduling Multiple Access
General/Generic/Global Switch Management Protocol
Gateway Services for Netware
Generic Segmentation Offload
192
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
GSO
GSOC
GSR
GSS
GSS
GSSAPI
GST
GST
GST
GSTN
GSUG
GSX
GT
GT
GT
GTE
GTF
GTL
GTLD
GTO
GTP
GTR
GTS
GTS
GTT
GTUBE
GU
GU
GUD
GUI
GUID
GUL
GULM
GULM
GULP
GUMM
GUN
GUP
GURN
GUS
GUS
GUUG
GV
GV
GVBD
GVH
GVIF
GVM
GVN
GVPN
GVRP
GVT
GVU
GVU
GVV
GW
GW
Geosynchronous Orbit
German Space Operations Center
Gigabit Switching Router
Generic Security Services
Group Support System
Generic Security Service Application Program Interface
Gebäudesystemtechnik
Greedy String Tiling (Algorithm)
Greenwich Sidereal Time
General/Global Switched Telephone Network
German Smalltalk Users Group
Graphics System Extension
Global Teach
Globus Toolkit
Group Technology
Geometry Transfer Engine
General Timing Formula (VESA)
Gunning Transceiver Logic
Generic Top Level Domain
Gate Turn Off
Go Text Protocol
Grafikfähiger Taschenrechner
Global Telecommunication System
Global Time Server/Service
Global Title Translation
Generic Test for Unsolicited Bulk Email
Gabelumschalter
Geek Undecided
Grand Unified Debugger
Graphical User Interface
Globally Unique Identifier
Groupe d’Utilisateurs de Linux
Global Universal Lock Manager
Grand Unified Lock Manager
Graph Unification Logic Programming
Gurus of UNIX Meeting of Minds
Gemeinschaft der UNIX-Anwender Niederrhein
Generic Ultimate Protocol
GNSS Upper Rhine Graben Network
Ground Uplink System
Guide to the Use of Standards (OSI)
German/Galactic Unix User Group
Gebäudeverteiler
Gestattungsvertrag
Götz-von-Berlichingen-Dämon (Internet)
Gesamtverzeichnis deutschsprachiger Hochschulschriften
Gigabit Video Interface
Grafik, Visualisierung, Mediadienste
Global Value Numbering
Global Virtual Private Network
GARP VLAN Registration Protocol
Global Virtual Time
Gesellschaft zur Verfolgung von Urheberrechtsverletzungen
Graphics Visualization and Usability
Gewählte virtuelle Verbindung
Gateway
Gleichwelle
193
GW
GWDG
GWEN
GWIA
GWIN
GWL
GWM
GYM
GZS
Grenzwelle
Gesellschaft für Wissenschaftliche Datenverarbeitung Göttingen
Ground Wave Emergency Network
Groupwise Internet Agent
Gigabyte Wissenschafts-Netz, G-WIN
Gateway Link
Generic Window Manager
Google, Yahoo, Microsoft
Gesellschaft für Zahlungssysteme
H
H4P
HA
HA
HA
HA
HAAPI
HAARP
HAB
HAC
HAC
HACMP
HACMP
HACS
HADA
HAK
HAL
HAL
HAL
HAL
HAM
HAND
HANFS
HAP
HAREC
HAS
HASP
HB
HBA
HBC
HBCDC
HBCI
HBES
HBO
HBS
HCA
HCA
HCCSM
HCD
HCF
HCF
HCI
HCI
HCLP
HCMOS
HCN
Hardware, High, Home
High-Performance Parallel Processor Project
Halbaddierer
Half Adder
High Availability/Aperture
Home Agent/Appliances
Human Authentication Application Program Interface
High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program/Project
Host Adapter Board
Hierarchical Arc Consistency
High Availability Cluster
High Availability Cluster Management Protocol
High Availability Cluster Multi-Processing (IBM)
Hazard Assessment Computer System
High Availability Disk Array
Hugs And Kisses (Slang)
Hard Array Logic
Hardware Abstraction Layer
Heuristically programmed Algorithmic Computer
House Programmed Array Logic
Hypertext Abstract Machine
Have A Nice Day (Slang)
Highly Available Network File System
Host Access Protocol
Harmonized Amateur Radio Examination Certificate
Hauptanschluss
Houston Automatic Spooling Package/Priority
Home Banking
Host Bus Adapter
Home Banking Computer
High Bandwidth Cellular Data Channel
Home Banking Computer Interface
Home and Building Electronic Systems
Host Byte Order
Home Bus System
Heartbeat Collision Avoidance
Host Channel Adapter
High Performance Common Channel Signalling Modul
Host Controller Device/Driver
Halt and Catch Fire (Slang)
Hybrid Distribution Function
Host Controller Interface (USB, Firewire, Bluetooth etc.)
Human Computer Interaction/Interface
Hierarchical Constraint Logic Programming
High Speed CMOS
Hierarchical Cache Network
194
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
HCP
HCP
HCRP
HCS
HCT
HCT
HCVQ
HD
HD
HD
HD
HDA
HDA
HDAP
HDAP
HDB
HDB
HDB3
HDC
HDC
HDCD
HDCD
HDCP
HDCP
HDD
HDDVD
HDF
HDF
HDI
HDL
HDLC
HDM
HDMI
HDML
HDN
HDOP
HDPLD
HDR
HDR
HDR
HDRI
HDRR
HDS
HDSC
HDSL
HDT
HDTV
HDW
HDX
HE
HE
HE
HEA
HEAAC
HEAT
HEC
HECTOR
Hardware Control Protocol
Host Configuration Protocol
Hardcopy Replacement Profile
Header Check Sequence
Hardware Compatibility Test
Home Communication Terminal
Hierarchical Classified Vector Quantization
Hard Disk
Heavy Duty
High Definition/Density
Hilfskanal Datenleitung
Head and Disk Assembly
High Definition Audio
High Definition Audio Performance
Home Digital Audio Platform
High Density Bipolar (code)
HoneyDanBer (P. Honeyman, D. A. Nowitz, B. E. Redman) (uucp)
High Density Bipolar Code of Order 3
Hard Disk Controller
Hash Distributed Caching
High Definition Compatible Digital
High Density Compact Disk
High Bandwidth Digital Content Protection
High Definition Content Protection
Hard Disk Drive, High Definition Display
High Density Digital Versatile Disc
HDSL Dual Framer
Hierarchical Data Format
Head to Disk Interference
Hierarchical Design Language
High Level Data Link Control (Protocol)
Hardware Device Module
High Definition Multimedia Interface
Handheld Device Markup Language
Hochgeschwindigkeits-Datennetz
Horizontal Dilution Of Precison
High Density Programmable Logic Device
HDSL Dual Regenerator
Header
High Dynamic Range
High Dynamic Range Imaging
High Dynamic Range Rendering
High Definition System
High Density Signal Carrier
High Bit/Data Rate/Speed Digital Subscriber Line/Link/Loop
High Definition Telephony
High Definition Television
Hardware
Half Duplex
Head End
High Efficiency
Höheneinheit (in Racks)
Health/Higher Education Authority
High Efficiency Advanced Audio Coder/Coding
Helpdesk Expert Automation Tool
Header Error Check/Control
Heterogeneous Computer Together
195
HEHO
HEL
HEM
HEMP
HEMS
HEMT
HEN
HENSA
HEO
HEP
HEPNET
HERF
HERT
HES
HESSLA
HEX
HF
HF
HFC
HFD
HFD
HFEP
HFM
HFP
HFRG
HFS
HFT
HFT
HGA
HGA
HGA
HGC
HGML
HGZH
HHI
HHOK
HHOS
HI
HID
HIDS
HIFD
HIFI
HIL
HIL
HILI
HINFO
HIPAA
HIPER
HIPPI
HIPS
HIS
HISA
HISA
HK
HKSCS
HL
HL
Head End Hop Off
Hardware Emulation Layer
Home, Entertainment, Multimedia
High-level Entity Management Protocol (Internet)
High-level Entity Management System (Internet)
High Electron Mobility Transistor
Home Entertainment Network
Higher Education National Software Archive
Highly Elliptical Orbit
Heterogenous Element/multi Processor
High Energy Physics Network
High Energy Radio Frequency
HERT/Hackers’ Emergency Response Team
Home Electronic System (Siemens)
Hacktivismo Enhanced-Source Software License Agreement
hexadezimal
High Frequency/Functionality
Hochfrequenz
Hybrid Fiber Coax (Network)
Hauptanschluss für Direktwahl/Direktruf
Hot Fix Device
Host Front End Protocol
High Frequency Mode
Hands Free Profile
Gesetz über den Betrieb von Hochfrequenzgeräten
Hierarchical File System
High Function Terminal
Hochschule für Technik, Stuttgart
Head Gimbal Assembly
Hercules Graphics Adapter
High Gain Antenna
Hercules Graphics Card/Controller
Hyper Graphics Markup Language
Hoffe Geholfen Zu Haben (Slang)
Heinrich-Hertz-Institut, Berlin
Ha Ha Only Kidding (Slang)
Ha Ha Only Serious (Slang)
Handover Interface
Human Interface Device (Profile)
Host-based/Hybrid Intrusion Detection System
High Density Floppy Disk
Hypertext Interface For Information
Hardware In the Loop
Human Interface Link (HP)
High Level Interface
Host Information (Record)
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, USA
High Performance European Radio
High Performance Parallel Interface
Host Intrusion Prevention System
House Information System
Health Informatics Service Architecture
Healthcare Information System Architecture
Host Key
Hong Kong Supplementary Character Set
Halbleiter
Hop Level (Flow Control)
196
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
HLCO
HLDS
HLL
HLLAPI
HLM
HLQ
HLR
HLRN
HLRN
HLRS
HLRZ
HLS
HLT
HM
HMA
HMA
HMAC
HMC
HMC
HMD
HMI
HMI
HMMP
HMMS
HMOS
HMOS
HMP
HMP
HMUX
HOB
HOB
HOH
HOL
HON
HOP
HOPTE
HOS
HOW
HP
HP
HP
HPA
HPB
HPC
HPC
HPC
HPCA
HPCC
HPCC
HPCI
HPCRC
HPCS
HPDPS
HPDS
HPET
HPF
HPFL
High Low Close Open
Hitachi LG Data Storage
High Level Language
HLL Application Program Interface
Heterogeneous LAN Management
High Level Qualifier
Home Location Register
Höchstleistungsrechenzentrum Nord
Norddeutscher Verbund für Hoch- und Höchstleistungsrechnen
Höchstleistungsrechenzentrum Stuttgart
Hochleistungsrechenzentrum
Hue, Lightness/Luminance, Saturation (Farbmodell)
Halt
Hilfskanal Meldeleitung
High Memory Area
Hub Management Architecture
(keyed) Hash Message Authentication Code
Hardware Management Console
Her/His Majesty’s Computer (Fun)
Head/Helmet Mounted Display
Horizontal Motion Index
Human Machine Interface
Hypermedia Management Protocol
Hypermedia Management Scheme
High Density Metal Oxide Semiconductor
High Speed Metal Oxide Semiconductor
Heterogeneous Multi-Processing
Host Monitoring Protocol
Hybrid Multiplexer
Head Of Bus
Hierarchical Operational Binding
HDSL Overhead Bit Handling
Higher Order Logic
Health On the Net
Homecast Open Protocol
High Order Path Terminating Equipment
Health Online Service
Hand Over Word
Hewlett-Packard
Hochpass
Home Page
Host Protected Area
Half Power Bandwidth
Handheld Personal Computer
Health Professional Card
High Performance Cluster/Computing
High Performance Computing Act
High Performance Computing Challenge
High Performance Computing and Communications
High Performance Computing Initiative
High Performance Computing Research Center
High Performance Communication Server
Hewlett-Packard Distributed Print System
High Performance Data System
High Precision Event Timer
High Performance FORTRAN
Hewlett-Packard Fiber Optic Link
197
HPFS
HPGL
HPI
HPIB
HPL
HPLIP
HPM
HPM
HPOFS
HPPA
HPPI
HPPS
HPQ
HPR
HPSB
HPSC
HPSL
HPSN
HPSS
HPTC3
HQ
HR
HR
HRC
HRC
HRG
HRIS
HRM
HRMS
HRN
HRNG
HRRN
HRS
HRT
HRTF
HRZ
HS
HS
HSB
HSC
HSCC
HSCSD
HSD
HSDN
HSDPA
HSDT
HSI
HSI
HSI
HSIK
HSIM
HSL
HSLAN
HSLFX
HSM
HSM
HSMD
High Performance File System (OS/2)
Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language
Host Port Interface
Hewlett-Packard Interface Bus
Home Product Link
Hewlett-Packard Linux Imaging and Printing
Hardware Performance Monitor
Hyper Page Mode
High Performance Optical File System
Hewlett-Packard Precision Architecture
High Performance Parallel Interface
Hewlett-Packard Payment Scheme
Hewlett-Packard Compaq
High Performance Routing
High Performance Serial Bus (FireWire)
High Performance Scientific Computing
Hewlett-Packard Support Line
High Performance Scalable Networking
High Performance Storage System
High Prformance Technical Computing Competence Center
High Quality
High Reflection (Display)
High Resolution
Half Rate Channel
Hybrid Ring Control
High Resolution Graphics
Human Resource Information System
Hopwise Reliable Multicast
Human Resource Management System
Heterogenes Rechnernetz
Hardware Random Number Generator
Highest Response Ratio Next
Hotel Reservation Service
High Resolution Telemetry
Head Related Transfer Function
Hochschul-Rechenzentrum
High Speed
Hilfskanal Steuerleitung
Hue, Saturation, Brightness
High Speed Channel/Connect
Home-based Server-less Cooperative Caching
High Speed Circuit Switched Data
High Speed Data
High Speed Data Network
High Speed Downlink Packet Access
High Speed Data Transport
Hardware-Software-Interface
Hayes Synchronous Interface
Hue, Saturation, Intensity
How Should I Know (Slang)
High Speed Interface Module
Hierarchical Specific Language
High Speed Local Area Network
Hierarchical Specification Language - Function Extension
Herzschrittmacher
Hierarchical Storage Management/Manager
High Speed Mobile Data
198
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
HSO
HSP
HSP
HSP
HSP
HSPA
HSPI
HSPS
HSRP
HSSDC
HSSG
HSSI
HST
HSTR
HSUPA
HSV
HSYNC
HT
HT
HT
HTA
HTB
HTC
HTCC
HTCP
HTFS
HTH
HTML
HTMPL
HTPC
HTSI
HTT
HTTP
HTTPS
HTX
HUC
HUD
HUGO
HV
HVC
HVD
HVD
HVM
HVP
HVT
HVV
HW
HWANS
HWCP
HWID
HWMP
HWS
HWS
HYTEA
Hilfe zur Selbsthilfe für Online-Süchtige e. V.
Headset Profile
High Speed Peering
High Speed Printer/Processor
High Speed Publishing
High Speed Packet Access
High Speed Parallel Interface
High Speed Peripheral Shelf
Hot Standby Router Protocol (Cisco)
High Speed Serial Data Connection/Connector
High Speed Study Group
High Speed Serial Interface
High Speed Technology/Telegraphy
High Speed Token Ring
High Speed Uplink Packet Access
Hue, Saturation, Value (Farbmodell)
Horizontal Synchronization (signal)
High Tension
Horizontal Tabulator
Hyper Threading
High Temperature Alarm
Hierarchical Token Bucket
High Throughput Cluster
High Temperature Cofired Ceramic
Hyper Text Caching Protocol
High Throughput File System
Hope This/That Helps (Slang)
Hypertext Markup Language
Hypertext Markup with Perl Language
Home Theatre Personal Computer
Host Transport Service Interface
Hyper-Threading Technology
Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol (Internet)
Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol Secure/Security/over TLS/SSL (Internet)
HTML Extensions
Handheld and Ubiquitous Computing
Heads Up Display
Holland Users Group for OS/2
High Voltage
Hue (Farbton), Value (Helligkeit), Chroma (Buntheit)
High Voltage Differential (SCSI)
Holographic Versatile Disc
Hardware Virtual Machine
Horizontal + Vertical Position
Hauptverteiler
Hyperlink Vector Voting
Hardware
Hinweisansage
Hardware Code Page
Hardware Identifier
Hybrid Wireless Mesh Protocol
Ham/Haskell Web Server
Hybrid Wireless Satellite
Hypertext Authoring Environment
I
Ident, Indicator, Information, Integrated, International, Internet
199
I18N
I2O
I3
I4DL
IA
IA
IA
IA
IA
IAA
IAAS
IAB
IAB
IAB
IAB
IAC
IAC
IAC
IACK
IACR
IAD
IAD
IAE
IAE
IAEL
IAFA
IAG
IAHC
IAI
IAL
IAL
IAM
IAMCE
IAMT
IAN
IANA
IANAL
IAOG
IAP
IAP
IAR
IARP
IARP
IARU
IAS
IASG
IASNET
IASS
IAT
IATE
IAUG
IAX
IB
IB
IBA
IBA
IBAC
Internationalization
Intelligent Input/Output
IMA Interoperability Initiative
Interface, Inheritance, Implementation, Installation Definition Language
Identification & Authentication, I&A
Information Appliance
Intelligent Applications
International Alphabet
Interworking Implementation Agreement
Intel Application Accelerator
Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, Berlin
Individual Address Block
International Academy of Broadcasting
Internet Activities/Architecture Board
Internet Advertising Bureau, UK
In Any Case (Slang)
Inquiry Access Code
Interapplication Communication (Apple)
Information Acknowledgement
International Association for Cryptologic Research
Integrated Access Device
Internet Addiction Disorder
In Any Event (Slang)
ISDN Anschalteinheit/Anschlusseinheit
International Association of Entertainment Lawyers
Internet Anonymous FTP Archive
Industry Advisory Group (Novell)
Internet International Ad Hoc Committee
Internet Applications Integration
Intel Architecture Labs
International Algebraic Language (ALGOL)
Institute of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, Bern
ISDN Access Module Control Element
Intel Advanced Management Technology
Integrated Access Node
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
I Am Not A Lawyer (Slang)
International Administrative Management Domains Operators Group
Internet Access Policy/Provider
ISDN Access Internetworking Profile
Institut für Automation und Robotik
International Amateur Radio Permission
Inverse Address Resolution Protocol
International Amateur Radio Union
Information Access System
Internet Addiction Support Group
Institute for Automated Systems Network
Internet Alphaserver System Software
Import Address Table
Inter Active Terminology for Europe
International AIX Users Group
Inter-Asterisk Exchange Protocol
In Betrieb
Intelligent Backtracking
Independent Broadcasting Authority
Intel Boot Agent
In Band Adjacent Channel
200
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
IBAN
IBC
IBC
IBC
IBC
IBCN
IBCS1
IBDWT
IBFD
IBIA
IBL
IBM
IBN
IBO
IBOC
IBOND
IBP
IBS
IBS
IBSS
TSF
IBT
IBTD
IBU
IBX
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
ICA
ICA
ICA
ICA
ICA
ICA
ICALP
ICAM
ICAN
ICANN
ICAO
ICAP
ICARE
ICAS
ICAS
ICB
ICBM
ICC
ICC
ICC
ICC
ICCB
ICCC
ICCCM
International Bank Account Number
Illinois Benedictine College (Gutenberg-Projekt)
Inadequate But Cute (Slang)
Inter Base Component
International Broadcasting Convention
Integrated Broadband Communication Network
Intel Binary Compatibility Specification Edition 1
Irrational Based Discrete Weighted Transform
Interessengemeinschaft Blinder Funkamateure Deutschlands
International Biometric Industry Association
Input Buffer Limit
International Business Machines (Big Blue)
International Booking Network
Inter Base Object
In Band On Channel
Intelligent Business On Demand
Institut Blaise Pascal, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, France
Integriertes Banken-System
Intelsat Business Services
Independent Basic Service Set
Timing Synchronization Function
Internet Based Training
I Beg To Differ (Slang)
Informationsverbund Buchhandel
Individualized Blackbox Component (Microsoft)
I See (Slang)
In Characters (Slang)
Incoming Call
Information Centre
Input/Integrated Circuit
Instruction Cache
Interexchange Carrier
Interrupt Controller
Image Component Attribute
Independent Component Analysis
Independent Computing Architecture
Intelligent Channels/Console Architecture
Intelligent Communication Adapter
Interface Connector Assembly
International Colloquium on Automata, Languages and Programming
Integrated Computer Aided Manufacturing
Individual Customer Access Network
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
International Civil Aviation Organization
Integrated Computer Aided Production
International Council for Amateur Radio in Education
Information Communication Assistance System
Intel Communicating Applications Specifications
Interface Control Board
Inter-continental Ballistic Messenger
Integrated Circuit Card
Intelligent Channel Controller
International Color Consortium
International Conference on Communications
Internet Control and Configuration Board
International Conference on Computer Communications
Interclient Communications Conventions Manual
201
ICCE
ICCHP
ICCS
ICD
ICDE
ICE
ICE
ICE
ICE
ICE
ICF
ICE
ICE
ICF
ICG
ICG
ICH
ICI
ICI
ICIA
ICIP
ICL
ICM
ICMP
ICN
ICN
ICO
ICO
ICOCBW
ICP
ICP
ICP
ICP
ICP
ICPC
ICQ
ICR
ICR
ICR
ICRA
ICS
ICS
ICS
ICS
ICS
ICSA
ICSTIS
ICT
ICTF
ICU
ICU
ICU
ICV
ICX
ID
ID
ID
International Conference on Consumer Electronics
International Conference on Computers for Handicapped Persons
Integrated Communications Cabling System (Siemens)
International Code Designator
International Conference on Data Engineering
Image Correction and Enhancement
In-Circuit Emulator/Emulation
Information Content Exchange
Integrated Communication Environment
Inter Client Exchange (Protocol)
Interact Communication Facility
Internal Compiler Error
Internet Communications Engine
Internet Connection Firewall
Inversive Congruential (random number) Generator
Interface Coordination Group
I/O Contoller Hub
Inter/Interexchange Carrier Interface
Information Science Institute
International Communications Industries Association
ICI Protocol
Interface Clear
Image Color Management/Matching
Internet Control Message Protocol
Information and Communication Network
Integrated Computing Network
Information Commissioner’s Office
Intermediate Circular Orbit
I Could, Of Course, Be Wrong (Slang)
Input Control Procedure
Integrated Channel Processor
Interconnection Partner
Internet Cache Protocol
Internet Content Provider
(ACM) International Collegiate Programming Contest
I Seek You (Slang)
Information Collection Request
Initial Cell Rate
Intelligent Character Recognition
Internet Content Rating Association
IBM Cabling System
Integrated Communication Services
Internet Chess Server
Internet Connecting/Connection Sharing (Microsoft)
Intuitive Command Structure
International Customer Service Association
Independent Committee for the Supervision of Standards of Telephone Information Servi
Information and Communication Technology
Internet Content Task Force
ISA Configuration Utility
Instruction Cache Unit
International Components for Unicode
Integrity Check Value
Inter Cartridge Exchange
Identification, Identifier
Instruction Decode
Internet Draft
202
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
ID
IDA
IDA
IDAPI
IDB
IDC
IDC
IDC
IDC
IDCT
IDD
IDE
IDE
IDE
IDE
IDEA
IDF
IDF
IDF
IDI
IDI
IDK
IDL
IDL
IDM
IDM
IDM
IDM
IDMS
IDMS
IDN
IDN
IDN
IDP
IDP
IDP
IDR
IDR
IDRP
IDS
IDS
IDSL
IDST
IDT
IDT
IDTRC
IDTS
IDTV
IDU
IDXP
IE
IEB
IEC
IEC
IEC
IECC
IECQ
Intrusion Detection
Independent/Intelligent Disk/Drive Array
Interactive Debugging Aid
Integrated Database Application Programming Interface
Integrated Database
I Don’t Care (Slang)
International Data Corporation
Internet Database Connector
Item Description Code
Inverse Discrete Cosine Tranform/Transformation
International Direct/Distance Dialling
Integrated Development Environment
Integrated Device/Drive Electronics
Interactive Design and Engineering
Interface Design Enhancement
International Data Encryption Algorithm
Intel Developer Forum
Intermediate Distribution Frame
Inverse Document Frequency
Initial Domain Identifier
ISDN Driver Interface
Interessengemeinschaft Datenkommunikation
Interactive Data Language
Interface/Internet Definition Language
Identity Management
Improved/Integrated Data Modem
Intelligent Device Management
Internet Download Manager
Imaging and Document Management System
Integrated Database Management System
Identification Number
Integriertes Datennetz, Integrated Digital Network
Internationalized Domain Name
Initial Domain Part
Integrated Data Processing
Internet Datagram Protocol
Intergalactic Digital Research
Intermediate Data Rate Service
Interdomain Routing Protocol
Integrated Data System
Intrusion Detection System
ISDN Digital Subscriber Line
I Didn’t Say That (Slang)
Improved Definition Television
Interrupt Descriptor Table
Interrupt Descriptor Table Register Cache
I Don’t Think So (Slang)
Improved Definition Television
Interface Data Unit
Intrusion Detection Exchange Protocol
Information Element
Institute of Electronic Business, Berlin
Interexchange Carrier
International Electrotechnical Commission
International Engineering Consortium
Intercultural E-mail Classroom Connections
IEC Quality Assessment System for Electrical Components
203
IED
IEEE
IEEE/CS
IEF
IEMMC
IEMP
IEN
IEN
IEPRC
IES
IES
IESG
IET
IETF
IETM
IEX
IF
IFA
IFC
IFC
IFD
IFD
IFF
IFF
IFF
IFFT
IFG
IFG
IFG
IFIP
IFL
IFL
IFMP
IFPI
IFRB
IFS
IFS
IFS
IFS
IFU
IFU
IFV
IFVV
IFW
IFWFW
IG
IG
IG
IGA
IGBT
IGC
IGC
IGD
IGE
IGES
IGF
IGIS
Intelligent Electronic Device
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IEEE Computer Society
Information Engineering Facility
Internet Electronic Mail Marketing Council
Internal Electromagnetic Pulse
Image Enabled Netware
Internet Engineering/Experiment/Experimental Note
International Electronic Publishing Research Centre
Information Exchange System
Integrated Election System
Internet Engineering Steering Group
Image Enhancement Technology
Internet Engineering Task Force
Interactive Electronic Technical Manual
Imaging Extensions for XWS
Intermediate Frequency, Zwischenfrequenz
Internationale Funkausstellung, Berlin
Integrated Factory Control
Industry/Internet Foundation Classes
Image File Directory
Interface Device
Interessengruppe Funkamateure im Fernverkehr
Interchange File Format (Amiga)
Internet Fast Forward
Inverse Fast Fourier Transformation
Incoming Fax Gateway
Informationsfreiheitsgesetz
Inter Frame Gap
International Federation for Information Processing
Integrated Facility for Linux
Internet For Learning
Ipsilon Flow Management Protocol
International Federation of the Phonographic Industry
International Frequency Registration Board
Inter Frame Space
Installable File System (OS/2)
Interchange File Separator
Internal Field Separator
Instruction Fetch Unit
Internationale Fernmeldeunion
Internationaler Fernmeldevertrag
Internationale feste virtuelle Verbindungen
ISDN for Workgroups (Microsoft)
ISDN for Windows for Workgroups (Microsoft)
Interactive Graphics
Interessengemeinschaft, Interest Group
Interior Gateway
Integrated Graphics Adaptor/Array
Insulated/Insulator Gate Bipolar Transistor
Institute for Global/Galactic Communications
Integrated Graphics Controller
(Fraunhofer-)Institut für Grafische Datenverarbeitung, Darmstadt
(Eidgenössisches) Institut für geistiges Eigentum, Bern
Initial Graphics Exchange Specification
Internet Governance Forum
Interactive Graphics Information System
204
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
IGITT
IGMP
IGN
IGP
IGRF
IGRP
IGS
IGS
IGTF
IH
IHEM
IHL
IHS
IIC
IID
IIF
III
IIJ
IIL
IIM
IIM
IIOP
IIP
IIPS
IIR
IIRC
IIS
IIS
IISP
IITA
IITF
IITYWYBMAD
IIWM
IJCAI
IJS
IK-CAPE
IKE
IKMP
IKOE
IKT
IL
IL
IL
ILA
ILEC
ILETS
ILG
ILLAB
ILLIAC
ILLIAC
ILM
ILMI
ILP
ILP
ILP
ILS
ILT
Interactive Graphics Information Troubleshooting Technology
Internet Group Management Protocol
IBM Global Net
Interior Gateway Protocol (Internet)
International Geomagnetic Reference Field
Internet/Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (Cisco)
Interchange Group Separator
Internet Go Server
Internet Governance Task Force
In House
In-House Energy Management
Internet Header Length
Integrated Heat Spreader
Inter Integrated Circuit (Bus)
Interface Identifier
Image Interchange Facility
Institute for Information Industry, Taiwan
Internet Initiative Japan
Integrated Injection Logic
Identified Internet Mail
Information Interchange Model
Internet Inter-ORB Protocol
ISDN Intermediate Interworking Profile
Irrevocably Interruptible Power Supply
Immediate Impulse Response
If I Remember Correctly (Slang)
Internet Information Server (Microsoft)
Internet Integrated Services
Interim Inter Signalling/Switch Protocol
Information Infrastructure Technology and Applications
Information Infrastructure Task Force, USA
If I Tell You Will You Buy Me Another Drink? (Slang)
If It Were Me/Mine (Slang)
International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
Inkjet Server (HP)
Industriekooperation Computer Aided Process Engineering
Internet Key Exchange (Protocol)
Internet Key Management Protocol
Institut für Kommunikationsökologie, Hamburg
Informations- und Kommunikations-Technologie
Idle
Idle Listening
Intermediate Language
Internet Learning Agent
Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier
International Law Enforcement Telecommunications Seminar
Initiated Linux Guru
Ich Liege Lachend Am Boden (Slang), vgl. ROTFL
Illinois Institute for Advanced Computing
Illinois Integrator + Automatic Computer
Industrial Light + Magic, Inc. (G. Lucas)
Interim Local Management Interface
Inductive Logic Programming
Integer Linear Programming
Integer, Long, Pointer
Integrated Logistic Support
Item Level Tagging
205
ILVU
IM
IM
IM
IM
IMA
IMA
IMA
IMAC
IMACS
IMAO
IMAP
IMBE
IMC
IMCO
IMDS
IME
IMEI
IMG
IMG
IMHO
IMI
IMI
IMIMG
IMNSCO
IMNSHO
IMO
IMO
IMOBO
IMP
IMP
IMP
IMPA
IMPP
IMPS
IMQ
IMR
IMS
IMS
IMS
IMS
IMS
IMSI
IMSL
IMSP
IMSP
IMT
IMT
IMT
IMTC
IN
IN
IN
INA
INAK
INAP
INARP
Interleaved Video Unit
Information Management/Modeling
Instant Message/Messaging/Messenger
Intermodulation
IPv4 Multicast
Interactive Multimedia Association
Internationale Multimedia Akademie (Karlsruhe)
Inverse Multiplexer for ATM
Isochronous MAC (FDDI)
International Association for Mathematics and Computers in Simulation
In My Arrogant Opinion (Slang)
Internet Message Access Protocol
Improved Multi-Band Excitation
Internet Mail Consortium
In My Considered Opinion (Slang)
Image Data Stream (IBM)
In My Experience (Slang)
International Mobile Equipment Identifier/Identity
Image
Information Management Group
In My Humble Opinion (Slang)
I Mean It (Slang)
Internet MSS Interface
ISDN Memorandum of Understanding Implementation Management Group
In My Not So Considered Opinion (Slang)
In My Not So Humble Opinion (Slang)
In My Opinion (Slang)
International Maritime Organization
In My Own Biased Opinion (Slang)
Information/Interface Message Processor
Instant Messaging Protocol
Internet Messaging Program
Intelligent Multi-Port Adaptor
Instant Messaging and Presence Protocol
Infinite Monkey Protocol Suite
Intermediate Queuing (device)
Internet Monthly Report
Information Management System
Integrated Media Service
Internet Mail Service
Intermediate Maintenance Standards
IP Multimedia Subsystem
International Mobile Subscriber Identity
International Mathematical Subroutine Library (VNI)
Independent Manufacturers Support Program
Internet Message Support Protocol
Information Managment Team
Inter-Machine Trunk
International Mobile Telecommunications
International Multimedia Teleconferencing Consortium
Individual Network e. V.
Input
Intelligentes Netz (Telekom)
Institut National de l’Audiovisuel
Information Negative Acknowledgement
Intelligent Network Application Part
Inverse Address Resolution Protocol
206
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
INC
INC
INC
INCA
INET
INFN
INH
INIS
INKA
INM
INMARSAT
INMS
INN
INOC
INPO
INRIA
INS
INS
INSB
INT
INTA
INTA
INTAP
INTELSAT
INWG
IO
IOAPIC
IOAT
IOC
IOC
IOCS
IOCTL
IOD
IOD
IODE
IOE
IOFEXT
IOI
IOI
IOI
IOMMU
IONL
IOP
IOP
IOPL
IOR
IOS
IOS
IOS
IOSGA
IOT
IOTA
IOTP
IOW
IP
IP
IP
In Chain
Increment
Internet Computer
Interleaved Native Compiled Architecture
International Networking Conference
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Italy
Intelligent Networking Hub
International Nuclear Information System
Individual Network Region Karlsruhe
Integrated Network Management
International Maritime Satellite Organization
Integrated Network Management Services
International Network News
Internet Network Operations Center
In No Particular Order (Slang)
Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique, France
Input String
Instance Object
Internet Services for the Blind
Interrupt, Internal, Integer, Interrogative
International Trademark Association
Interrupt Acknowledge
Interoperability Technology Association for Information Processing, Japan
International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
International/Internet Working Group
Input/Output, I/O
Input Output Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller
Input Output Acceleration Technology
Initial Operational Capability
Input Output Controller
Input/Output Control System
Input/Output Control
Information Object Definition
Intelligence On Demand
Issue Of Data Ephemeris
Input Output Engine
Input Output Far End Crosstalk
Input Output Interconnect/Interface/Interrupt
Integrated Operator Interface
International Olympiad in Informatics
Input Output Memory Management Unit
Internal Organization of the Network Layer (OSI)
Input Output Processor
Internal Operation
Input/Output Priviledge Level
Indian Ocean Region
Input Output Subsystem
International Organization for Standardization
Internetwork Operating System (CISCO)
Input/Output Support Gate Array
Inter-Office Trunk
Islands On The Air
Internet Open Trading Protocol
In Other Words (Slang)
Image Processing
Information Provider
Instruction Pointer
207
IP
IP
IP
IP
IP
IP
IPA
IPA
IPAE
IPARS
IPAVS
IPC
IPC
IPC
IPC
IPCA
IPCI
IPCP
IPDS
IPES
IPF
IPG
IPG
IPI
IPI
IPI
IPIP
IPL
IPL
IPL
IPLS
IPM
IPMI
IPMP
IPMV95
IPNG
IPNS
IPOC
IPON
IPP
IPP
IPP
IPPV
IPR
IPRB
IPS
IPS
IPS
IPS
IPS
IPSE
IPSEC
IPSI
IPT
IPTC
IPTO
IPTV
Integer Programming
Intellectual Property
Intelligent Peripheral
Interactive Proof
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
Interrupt Process
Fraunhofer-Institut für Produktionstechnik und Automatisierung
International Phonetic Alphabet
IP Address Encapsulation
International Passenger Airline Reservation System
IP-Adressen-Verwaltungs-System
Instructions Per Clock
Integrated Passive Component
Inter Personal Computer
Interprocess Communication
Internet Parallel Computing Archive
Industrial PCI
Internet Protocol Control Protocol
IBM/Intelligent Printer Data Stream
Improved Proposed Encryption Standard
Information Presentation Facility
In Plane Gate Transistor
Inter Packet Gap
Image Processing and Interchange
Intelligent Peripheral Interface
International Payment Instruction
Internet Protocol within Internet Protocol
Information Processing Language
Initial Program Loader
Interrupt Priority Level
IP-Only LAN-Like Service
Intelligent Power Mode/Module/MOS, Interpersonal Message
Intelligent Platform Management Interface
Intellectual Property Management and Protection
Integrated Packet Trunk Module V.95 Interface
Internet Protocol Next Generation (IPv6)
ISDN PBX Networking Specification
Interim Policy Oversight Committee
Intelligent Passive Optical Network
Intel Primitive Performance (Library)
Internet Presence Provider
Internet Printing Protocol
Impulse/Instant Pay Per View
Intellectual Property Rights
Intellectual Property Review Board
Image Packaging System
In Plane Switching (panel)
inch per second
Internet Privacy Standard
Intrusion Prevention System
Integrated Project Support Environment
Internet Protocol Security Protocol
(Fraunhofer-Institut für) Integrierte Publikations- und Informationssysteme
Immersive Projection Technology
International Press Telecommunications Council
Information Processing Techniques/Technology Office
Internet Protocol Television
208
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
IPU
IPV4
IPV6
IPVR
IPW
IPX
IPXCP
IQL
IQMS
IR
IR
IR
IR
IRAC
IRAF
IRAS
IRAW
IRB
IRB
IRC
IRC
IRC
IRD
IRD
IRDA
IRDS
IRG
IRICE
IRIG
IRIS
IRIS
IRIS
IRL
IRL
IRLED
IRM
IRQ
IRR
IRR
IRS
IRS
IRS
IRS
IRSG
IRT
IRTF
IRV
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
IS
ISA
ISA
Imposition Processing Unit
Internet Protocol Version 4
Internet Protocol Version 6 (= IPng)
Inst. für parallele und verteilte Höchstleistungsrechner, Stuttgart
Incremental Packet Writing
Internetwork Packet Exchange (Novell)
Internetwork Packet Exchange Control Protocol
Interactive Query Language
Integrated Quality Management System
Information Request/Retrieval
Infrared, Infrarot
Intermediate Representation
Internet Registry
Indpendent Review Advisory Committee
Image Reduction and Analysis Facility
I Really Am Sorry (Slang)
Idle Read After Write
Instruction Recoder Buffer
Instrumentation Request Broker
International Record Carrier
International Reply Coupon
Internet Relay Chat
Integrated Receiver Decoder (TV)
Internet Resource Directory
Infrared Data Association
Information Resources Dictionary System
Implicit Regeneration
Integrated Remote Interface Control Element
Interrange Instrumentation Group
Infrastructure for Resilient Internet Systems
Intelligent Reference Information System
Interregional Information Society Initiative
In Real Life (Slang)
Inter Repeater Link
Infrared Light Emitting Diode
Information Rights/Resource Management
Information/Interrupt Request
Information Request Response
Internet Routing Registry
Information Retrieval System
Interchange Record Separator
Internal Revenue Service
Intrusion Response System
Internet Research Steering Group
Institut für Rundfunktechnik, München
Internet Research Task Force
International Reference Version
In Service
Information Separator/Sevices/System
Integrated Service
Intensity Stereo
Interactive Service (Telecommunication)
Intermediate System
International Standard (ISO)
Interrupt Status
Industry Standard Architecture
Informationssystem Studienwahl und Arbeitsmarkt, Duisburg/Essen
209
ISA
ISA
ISA
ISA
ISAKMP
ISAM
ISAPI
ISBD
ISBN
ISBT
ISC
ISC
ISCA
ISCB
ISCSI
ISD
ISD
ISD
ISDN
ISDN
ISDN
ISFET
ISFT
ISH
ISI
ISI
ISI
ISI
ISI
ISIN
ISIS
ISIS
ISL
ISL
ISL
ISL
ISM
ISMA
ISMP
ISMS
ISN
ISNS
ISO
ISOC
ISODE
ISP
ISP
ISP
ISP
ISP
ISPBX
ISPF
ISPI
ISPLSI
ISPO
ISQIT
ISR
Instruction Set Architecture
Integrated Services Architecture
Interactive Services Association
Internet Security and Acceleration (Server)
Internet Security Association Key Management Protocol
Index/Indexed Sequential Access Method
Internet Server API
International Standard Bibliographic Description
International Standard Book Number
It’s Strange But True (Slang)
Instruction Set Computer
Internet Service Center
International Symposium on Computer Architecture
Interessengemeinschaft sehgeschädigter Computerbenutzer
Internet SCSI
Image Section Descriptor
Instructional System Design
International Standard Data Network
Integrated Services Digital Network
Isosorbitdinitrat
Ist sowas denn nötig? (Slang)
Ionensensitiver Feldeffekttransitor
Industrial Siemens Flatpanel Technology
Information Superhighway
Information Sciences Institute of the University of Southern California
Information Society Index
Institute for Scientific Information, USA
Inter Symbol Interference
Internally Specified Index
International Securities Identification Number
Intermediate System to Intermediate System Protocol (OSI)
Industrial Signature Interoperability Specification
Imperceptible Structured Light
Initial System Loader
Interactive System Language
Intersatellite Link
Industrial, Scientific, Medical (Applications)
Internet Streaming Media Alliance
Internet Message Support Protocol
Information Security Management System
Internet School/Shopping Networking
Internet Storage Naming Service
International Standardization Organization
Internet Society
ISO Development Environment (OSI)
Image Synthesis Processor
International Standardized Profile
Internet Service Provider
Interrupt Stack Pointer
Interrupt Status Port
ISDN Private Branche Exchange
Interactive Structured Programming Facility (IBM)
Institut für Integrierte Publikationssysteme, Darmstadt
in-system-programmable LSI
Information Society Project Office
Information Systems Quality Improvement Team
Information Storage and Retrieval
210
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
ISR
ISR
ISRC
ISRN
ISSA
ISSCC
ISSE
ISSE
ISSI
ISSN
ISSO
ISSP
ISSP
ISSS
ISST
IST
IST
ISTF
ISTF
ISTM
ISTO
ISTPA
ISTR
ISU
ISUG
ISUP
ISUS
ISV
ISVR
ISWIM
ISWL
ISWYM
IT
ITA
ITA
ITA
ITA
ITAA
ITAC
ITB
ITB
ITC
ITC
ITC
ITE
ITE
ITF
ITG
ITG
ITHE
ITI
ITIF
ITK
ITLB
ITM
ITO
ITO
Intermediate Session Routing
Interrupt Service Routine
International Standard Recording Code
International Standard Recording Number
Information Systems Security Association
International Solid State Circuits Conference
Information Security Solutions Europe
Internet Streaming SIMD Extension
Individual Short Subscriber Identity
International Standard Serial Number
Information System Security Officer
Inter-Switch Signalling Protocol
Internet Satellite Service Provider
IBM Speech Server Services
(Fraunhofer-)Institut für Software- und Systemtechnik
Information Society Technologies (Programme)
Internet Transaction Server
Internet Science and Technology Fair
Internet Societal Task Force
It Seems To Me (Slang)
Information Science and Technology Office
International Security, Trust + Privacy Alliance
I Seem To Remember (Slang)
Industry Solution Unit (IBM)
International SGML/XML Users’ Group
ISDN User Part
Information Services and User Support (DFN)
Independent Software Vendor
Intel Smart Video Recorder
If you See What I Mean
International Short Wave League
I See What You Mean (Slang)
Information Technology, Informationstechnik
Intend To Adopt (Debian)
Interface Test Adapter
Interim Type Approval
International Telegraphy Alphabet
Information Technology Association of America
ISDN Terminal Adapter Circuit
Information Technology Branch
Intermediate Text Block
Independent Television Commission
IntelliCAD Technology Consortium
International Telegraph Code
Informationstechnische Einrichtung
Internal Terminal Emulator
Isochronous Transfer
Informationstechnische Gesellschaft im VDE
Informationstechnische Grundausbildung
International Travel Host Exchange
Interactive Terminal Interface
Information Technology and Innovation Foundation
Informationstechnik und Telekommunikation
Instruction TLB
Internet Transaction Mix
Indium Tin Oxide
Intend To Orphan (Debian)
211
ITOT
ITP
ITR
ITRS
ITS
ITS
ITS
ITS
ITS
ITS
ITSEC
ITSEM
ITSK
ITSO
ITSP
ITSTC
ITT
ITT
ITU
ITU
ITUG
ITV
ITW
ITX
IU
IUG
IUK
IUKDG
IUMA
IUPAP
IUR
IUS
IUTY
IV
IV
IVB
IVBB
IVC
IVCA
IVDLAN
IVHS
IVIS
IVN
IVNM
IVOD
IVP
IVR
IVS
IVS
IVT
IVV
IVW
IW
IWBNI
IWF
IWU
IWV
ISO Transport Service on top of TCP
Intent To Package (Debian)
Internet Talk Radio
International Roadmap for Semiconductors
Incompatible Time-Sharing System
Institute for Telecommunication Sciences, USA
Intelligent Transport System
International Telecommunications Society
Internationalization Tag Set
(NIST) Internet Time Service
Information Technology Security Evaluation Criteria/Certification
Information Technology Security Evaluation Manual
IT Sicherheitskriterien (Grünbuch)
Information Technology Security Office, Indiana University
Internet Telephony Service Provider
Information Technology Steering Committee
Internet, Television, Telephone
Invitation To Transmit (Arcnet)
Intelligent Thermal Update
International Telecommunication Union
International Telecommunications Users’ Group
Interactive Television
In The Wild
Intermediate Text Block
Integer Unit
Informix User Group
Information und Kommunikation
Informations- und Kommunikationsdienste-Gesetz
Internet Underground Music Archive
International Union of Pure and Applied Physics
International User Requirements
Interchange Unit Separator
It’s Up To You (Slang)
Initialisation Vector
Interessenverbund
Individuelle Verkehrsbeeinflussung
Informationsverbund Bonn-Berlin
Inter-Vehicle Communication
International Visual Communication Association
Integrated Voice and Data Local Area Network
Intelligent Vehicle Highway System
Interactive Video Information System
Intervening Network
Interessenverband Neue Medien
Interactive Video On Demand
Installation Verification Image
Interactive Voice Recognition/Response
IBM Verkabelungssystem
Interactive Visualization System
Interrupt Vector Table
Independent Verification and Validation
Informationsgemeinschaft zur Feststellung der Verbreitung von Werbeerträgen
Information Warfare
It Would Be Nice If (Slang)
Impulswahlverfahren (Telefon)
Interworking Unit
Impulswahlverfahren
212
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
IX
IXA
IXC
IXF
IXI
IXP
IYB
IYSWIM
IZT
Internet Exchange
Internet Exchange Architecture
Interexchange Carrier
Integrated Exchange Format
International X.25 Interconnect
Internet Exchange Point
In Your Basket (Slang)
If You See What I Mean (Slang)
Institut für Zukunftsstudien und Technologiebewertung
J
J2EE
J2SE
JA
JAAS
JAD
JAE
JAM
JAM
JANET
JAP
JAR
JASON
JAUA
JAXP
JBCE
JBCE
JBD
JBIG
JBOD
JCA
JCALS
JCB
JCC
JCE
JCL
JCP
JCS
JCT
JD
JDB
JDBC
JDC
JDK
JECC
JEDEC
JEIDA
JES
JESA
JESSI
JFC
JFET
JFFS
JFIF
JFS
JFS
Java, Japan, Job
Java 2 Enterprise Edition
Java 2 Standard Edition
Jump Address
Java Authentication and Authorization Service
Joint Application Design
Java Application Environment
Just A Minute (Slang)
Jyacc Application Manager
Joint Academic Network, England
Java Anon Proxy
Java Archive
Journal Articles Sent On Demand
Just Another Useless Answer (Slang)
Java API for XML Processing
Japan Business Council in Europe
JavaBean Calculation Engine
Journaling Block Device
Joint Bilevel Image Group
Just a Bunch Of Discs
Java Connection Architecture
Joint Computer Aided Acquisition and Logistic Support System
Job Conrol Block
Java Competence Center
Java Cryptography Extension
Job Control Language (IBM)
Java Community Process
Job Control Statement/System
Job Control Table
Julian Date/Day
Java Debugger
Java Data Base Connectivity
Japanese Digital Cellular
Java Developers/Development Kit
Japan Electronic Computer Center
Joint Electronic Devices Engineering Council
Japan/Japanese Electronics Industry Development Association
Job Entry Subsystem
Japan Engineering Standard Association
Joint European Submicron Silicon Initiative
Java Foundation Class
Johnson/Junction Field Effect Transistor
Journalling Flash File System
JPEG File Interchange Format
Journal/Journaled/Journalling/Java File System
Jumbo Frame Support
213
JGFET
JIB
JIC
JICST
JID
JIF
JIT
JJ
JJ
JMMD
JMP
JMS
JMS
JNDI
JNDSPI
JNI
JOL
JOSS
JOTA
JPDA
JPEG
JPL
JPL
JPL
JRE
JRTS
JSDK
JS
JS
JSC
JSF
JSGF
JSH
JSM
JSML
JSNM
JSP
JSP
JSQL
JSS
JSSE
JT
JTAG
JTAM
JTAP
JTAPI
JTC
JTM
JTRS
JTS
JUBL
JUD
JUG
JUGD
JUGFET
JUMP
JUNET
Junction Gate Field Effect Transistor
Job Information Block
Just In Case (Slang)
Japan Information Center of Science and Technology
Jabber Identifier
Journal Impact Factor
Just In Time (Compiler)
Josephson Junction
Just Joking (Slang)
Jokes Make My Day (Slang)
Job Monitor Protocol
Java Messaging Service
Job Management System
Java Naming and Directory Interface
Java Naming and Directory Service Provider Interface
Java Native Interface
Job Orientation Language
Joint Object Services Submission
Jamboree On The Air
Java Platform Debugging Architecture
Joint Photographic Experts Group
Java Perl Lingo
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, USA
Jyacc Procedural Language
Java Runtime Environment
Java Real Time System
Java Servlet Development Kit
JavaScript
Jumper Setting
Job Status code
Jabber Software Foundation
Java Speech Grammar Format
Job control Shell
Job Stream Manager
Java Speech Markup Language
Just Stark Naked Magic (Slang)
Jackson Structured Programming
Java Server Page/Pages
Java SQL
JavaScript Style Sheet
Java Secure Socket Extension
Job Table
Joint Test Action Group
Job and Transfer Manipulation
JTC1 TAG Application Portability Study Group
Java Telephony Application Programming Interface
Joint Technical Committee (ISO/IEC)
Job Transfer and Management/Manipulation
Joint Tactical Radio System, USA
Java Transaction Service
Jülicher BlueGene/L (Supercomputer)
Jabber User Directory
Java User Group
Java User Group Deutschland
Junction Gate Field Effect Transistor
Java User Migration Path
Japan/Japanese UNIX Network
214
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
JUST
JV
JVM
JVNC
JVT
JWS
JXTA
Joint Users of Siemens Telecommunications
Job Variable
Java Virtual Machine
John-von-Neumann (Super-Computer-) Center
Joint Video Team
Java Workshop
Juxtapose (Sun)
K
K12
KA
KA
KA
KA
KA
KAD
KAD
KADB
KADM
KADS
KAI
KALUG
KAM
KAOS
KAP
KAPSE
KAS
KB
KB
KB
KBE
KBPS
KBS
KC
KCC
KCD
KCL
KCP
KCS
KD
KDC
KDD
KDE
KDF
KDS
KDS
KDT
KE
KEA
KED
KES
KEWL
KF
KGI
KHM
KI
Key, Kilo, Kommunikation
Kindergarten through 12th grade, K-12
Kamikaze (packet)
Keine Ahnung (no idea)
Key Account
Knowledge Access/Acquisition/Architecture
Kommunikationsausrüstung
Knowledge Aided Design
Kontoauszugsdrucker
Kernel Assembly Debugger
Kerberos Administration (server)
Knowledge Analysis and Design System
Kurzweil Applied Intelligence
Karlsruhe Linux User Group
Knowledge Aided Manufacturing
Kent Applicative Operating System
Kernel Andorra Prolog
Kernel Ada Program Support Environment
Kerberos Authentication Server
Keyboard
Kilobyte
Knowledge Base
Knowledge Based Engineering
Kilobit/byte per second
Knowledge Based System
Kids’ Computer
Keyboard Communications Concentrator
Kernel Cousin Debian
Kyoto Common Lisp
Kernel Control Path
Kansas City Standard
Knowledge Discovery
Key Distribution Center
Knowledge Discovery in Databases
KDE Desktop Environment
Knowledge Discovery Framework
Knowledge Discovery System
Kommunikationsdatensatz
Key Definition Table
Knowledge Economy
Key Exchange Algorithm
Kundenenddokumentation
Key Escrow System
Knowledge Environment for Web-based Learning
Knopflerfish
Kernel Graphics Interface
Kunsthochschule für Medien, Köln
Künstliche Intelligenz
215
KIBO
KIK
KIS
KIS
KISS
KIT
KJM
KK
KLNG
KLO
KLOC
KM
KMMT
KMS
KMS
KMU
KNAS
KNF
KNI
KOALA
KOP
KPA
KPI
KQML
KOS
KOS
KOS
KR
K&R
KRC
KRITIS
KRS
KS
KSAM
KSK
KSR
KT
KTA
KTK
KU
KÜFUST
KUUG
KV
KVM
KVM
KVNO
KVP
KVZ
KW
KWIM
KWIPS
KZK
KZU
Knowledge In, Bullshit Out (Slang)
Kommunaler Info-Kanal
Kernel Information/Intrusion System
Knowbot Information Service
Keep It Simple/Small and Stupid/Simple
Kernel Software for Intelligent Terminals
Kommission für Jugendmedienschutz
Konnektivitäts-Koordination
Knowledge-supported Line Network Global (Vectorization)
Knowledge Level Object
Kilo Lines Of Code
Knowledge Management/Mismanagement
Kompetenzzentrum Multimedia und Telematik, Tübingen
Key Management Server
Knowledge Management System
Kleine und Mittlere Unternehmen
Kerberos Network Authentication Service
Konjunktive Normalform
Katmai New Instructions
Konstanzer Ausleih- und Anfragesystem
Kontaktplan (DIN 19 239)
Key Process Area
Key Performance Indicator
Knowledge Query and Manipulation Language
Keep On Smiling (Slang)
Kernel/Kohler Operating System
Key Object Selection
Knowledge Representation
Kernighan + Ritchie
Kent Recursive Calculator
(Arbeitsgruppe) Kritische Infrastrukturen
Knowledge Retrieval System, Kernighan + Ritchie Standard
Session Key
Keyed Sequential Access Method
Key Signing Key
Keyboard Send Receive
Kommunikationstechnik
Korean Telecommunication Authority
Kommission für den Ausbau des technischen Kommunikationssystems
Unit Key
Küstenfunkstelle
Karlsruher UNIX User Group
Kabelverzweiger, Karnaugh Veitch (Diagramm)
Kernel-based Virtual Machine
Keyboard, Video, Mouse
Key Version Number
Kontinuierlicher Verbesserungsprozess
Kabelverzweiger
Kurzwelle, Kurzwahl
Know What I Mean? (Slang)
Kilo Whetstones Per Second
Klasse - Zuständigkeit - Kooperation
Kennzeichenumsetzer
L
L2CAP
Line, Link, Linux, Local, Logic, Low
Logical Link and Control Adaptation Protocol
216
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
L2F
L2TP
LA
LA
LA
LA
LA
LAA
LAB
LABNET
LAC
LACC
LACP
LAD
LADDR
LADE
LADSPA
LADT
LAES
LAF
LAG
LAI
LAI
LAICS
LALL
LALR
LALR
LAM
LAM
LAMPS
LAN
LANANA
LANC
LANC
LANDSAT
LANE
LANL
LANUG
LAP
LAP
LAPB
LAPD
LAPF
LAPF
LAPIC
LAPM
LAPS
LAR
LARC
LARP
LARS
LART
LAS
LASER
LASIC
LAST
LAT
Layer 2 Forwarding
Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol
LAN Analyzer
License Application
License/Licensing Administration/Administrator
Location Area
Logical Address
Locally Administered Address
Logic Array Block
Laboratory Broadband Network
L2TP Access Controller
Los Alamos Computer Code
Link Aggregation Control Protocol
Leistungsanschlusseinheit, digital
Layered Device Driver Architecture
Language Definition Environment
Linux Audio Developer’s Simple Plug-in API
Local Area Data Transport
Lawfully Authorized Electronic Surveillance
Look And Feel (L&F)
Link Aggregate Group
LAN Automatic Inventory
Location Area Identity
Los Alamos Integrated Communications System
Longest Allowed Lobe Length
Lexically Assign, Logically Refine
Look Ahead Left Right
Lobe Attachment Unit
Local Area Multicomputer
Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP, SSL
Local Area Network
Linux Assigned Names And Numbers Authority
Local Application Control Bus System
Local Area Network Control (Sony)
Land-use Satellite
Local Area Network Emulation/Emulator
Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA
Los Alamos NeXT Users Group
Link Access Profile/Protocol/Procedure
Lower Address Part (Bluetooth)
Link Access Procedure for Balanced Mode
Link Access Procedure for the D-Channel
Link Access Procedure Framed Mode
Link Access Protocol for Frame Mode Bearer Services
Local Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller
Link Access Protocol for Modems
Local Area Network Adapter and Protocol Support (IBM)
Load Access Right
Livermore Automatic Research Computer
Live Action Role Playing
Linux Accessibility Resource Site
Loser/Luser Attitude Readjustment Tool
Library Access System
Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
Laser Application Specific Integrated Circuit
Local Area Storage Transport (DEC)
Local Area Transport (DEC)
217
LATA
LATM
LAU
LAVC
LAVMS
LAWN
LBA
LBA
LBB
LBC
LBM
LBRV
LBS
LBT
LBT
LBV
LBX
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LCA
LCA
LCC
LCCM
LCD
LCF
LCF
LCF
LCF
LCF
LCG
LCG
LCHU
LCI
LCI
LCIM
LCL
LCM
LCM
LCN
LCN
LCOM
LCOS
LCP
LCR
LCRD
LCS
LCS
LCS
LCSC
LCSH
LCU
LD
Local Access and Transmit/Transport Area
LPI Approved Training Materials
Lobe Access Unit
Local Area VAX Cluster
Los Alamos Voice Messaging System
Local Area Wireless Network
Linear Beschränkter Automat
Logical Block Addressing
Logic Building Block
Local Bus Controller
Local Bus Master
Low Bit Rate Voice
Location Based Services
Listen Before Talk
Local Bus Target
Leistungsbedarfsvorhersage
Low Bandwidth X
Late Counter
Library of Congress, USA
Liquid Crystal
Live Camera
Local Changes/Control
Low Complexity
Lower Case
Logic Cell Array
Losely Coupled Architecture
Linux Core Consortium
LAN Client Control Manager
Liquid Crystal Device/Display
LAN Configuration Facility
Lightweight Client Framework
Location Confirmation
Logic for Computable Functions
Low Cost Fiber
Large Hadron Collider Computing Grid, CERN, Genf
Linear Congruential (random number) Generator
Low Cost Home User
Life Cycle Integration
Logical Channel Indentifier
Life Cycle Information Management
Local Clock
LEAF Creation Method
Life Cycle Management
Local Control Network
Logical Channel Number
Lack of Cohesion in Methods
Liquid Crystal On Silicon
Link Control Protocol (Internet)
Least/Low Cost Router/Routing
Low Cost Removable Drive
Linux Compatibility Standard
Liquid Cooling System
Liquid Crystal Shutter
Local Carrier Service Center
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Last Cluster Used
Long Distance
218
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
LD
LDA
LDA
LDAP
LDCM
LDF
LDG
LDIF
LDIP
LDLN
LDM
LDN
LDP
LDP
LDP
LDR
LDR
LDRI
LDS
LDS
LDS
LDSG
LDSL
LDSS
LDT
LDT
LDTR
LDTRC
LDTV
LDUP
LE
LE
LE
LEA
LEAF
LEAF
LEAP
LEARP
LEC
LEC
LECS
LED
LEF
LEL
LEM
LEM
LEMF
LEMP
LEN
LEO
LEO
LEOSAR
LEP
LEPS
LER
LES
LES
Low Delay
Local Delivery Agent
Logical Device Address
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
LAN Desk Client Manager (Intel)
Linear Display File
Los Alamos Debugger
LDAP Data Interchange Format
Laboratory Data Integrity Program
Long Distance Learning Network
Long Distance Modem
Linux Standard Base Developer Network
Label Distribution Protocol
(The) Linux Documentation Project
Loader Debugger Protocol
Light Dependent Resistor
Long Distance Relationship
Low Dynamic Range Image
Landesamt für Datenverarbeitung und Statistik
Logical Data Structure
Lotus Discovery Server
Landesdatenschutzgesetz
Low Speed ISDN Digital Subscriber Line
Low-dimensional Semiconductor Structure
Lightning Data Transport
Local Descriptor Table
Load Descriptor Table Register
Load Descriptor Table Register Cache
Limited Definition Television
LDAP Duplication and Update (Protocol)
Light/Limited Edition
Link Encapsulation
Logical Element/Extent
Law Enforcement Agency
Large Effective Area Fiber
Law Enforcement Access Field
Lightweight Extensible Authentication Protocol
LAN Emulation Address Resolution Protocol
LAN Emulation Client
Local Exchange Carrier
LAN Emulation Client/Configuration Server/Service
Light Emitting Diode
Library Exchange Format
Link Embedded and Launch-to-edit
Language Extension Module
Link Error Monitor
Law Enforcement Monitoring Facility
Lightning Electromagnetic Pulse
Low Entry Networking/Node
Link Everything Online
Low Earth Orbit/Orbiting
Low Earth Orbit Search And Rescue
Light Emitting Polymer
Lancom Enhanced Passphrase Security
Light Emitting Resistor
LAN Emulation Server/Service
Land-Erdfunkstelle
219
LESC
LF
LF
LF
LF
LFA
LFAP
LFF
LFI
LFK
LFM
LFN
LFN
LFO
LFP
LFS
LFS
LFS
LFS
LFS
LFSA
LFSR
LFU
LGA
LGFT
LGMR
LGN
LGPL
LH
LHS
LI
LI
LIC
LICS
LID
LIDAR
LIDS
LIEP
LIF
LIFE
LIFO
LII
LILO
LIM
LIM
LIM
LIMB
LIMDOW
LIMS
LIN
LINFO
LINQ
LINX
LIP
LIP
LIP
LIPS
London E-Science Center
Lifetime Failure
Line Feed
Login Facility
Low Frequency
Log File Analysis
Lightweight Flow Admission Protocol
Large Form Factor
Last File Indicator
Landesanstalt für Kommunikation
Low Frequency Mode
Logical File Name
Long File Names
Low Frequency Oscillator
Large Format Printing
Large File Support
Linux From Scratch
Linux Log File System
Local File System
Log-structured File System
List of Frequently Seen Acronyms
Linear Feedback Shift Register
Least Frequently Used
Low Gain Antenna
Lie Group Fourier Transform
Laser Guided Magnetical Recording
Logical Group Node
Library/Lesser General Public License (GNU)
Link Header
Left Hand Side
Lawful Interception
Length Indication
Logical Link Control
Lotus International Character Set
Logical Input Device
Light Detection And Ranging
Linux Intrusion Detection System
Large Internet Exchange Packet (Novell)
Low Insertion Force
Laboratory of International Fuzzy Engineering
Last In, First Out (Speicher)
Linux Internationalisation Inititative
Last In, Last Out (Speicher)
Light Intensity Modulation
Load Information Manager
Lotus, Intel, Microsoft
Listing of Molecular Biology Databases
Laser Intensity Modulation Direct Overwrite
Laboratory/Library Information Management System
Local Interconnect Network
The Linux Information Project
Language Integrated Query
London Internet Exchange
Large Internet Packet
Line Interconnection Point
Loop Initialization Protocol
Lightweight Internet Person Schema
220
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
LIPS
LIPX
LIR
LIR
LIR
LIRA
LIRC
LIS
LISA
LISP
LISP
LITA
LIVE
LK
LKCD
LKM
LKML
LKP
LKS
LL
LL
LLA
LLA
LLC
LLC
LLC2
LLF
LLF
LLG
LLH
LLNL
LLOC
LLP
LLP
LLR
LLS
LLTA
LLU
LMAO
LMB
LMB
LMBCS
LMDO
LMDS
LME
LMF
LMF
LMI
LMK
LMOS
LMP
LMP
LMR
LMS
LMS
LMS
LMSC
Logical Inferences/Instructions Per Second
Large Internet Packet Exchange
Library of International Relations
Line Reference
Local Internet Registry
Learning Information Retrieval Agent
Linux Infrared Remote Control
Logical IP Subnetwork
Localization Industry Standards Association
List Processing (Language/Program)
Lots of Irritating Superfluous Parentheses
Library and Information Technology Association, USA
Linux Verband e. V., Frickenhausen
Linienkoppler
Linux Kernel Crash Dump
Loadable Kernel Module
Linux Kernel Mailing List
Local Knowledge Pool
Loadable Kernel Server
Leased Line
Local Loopback
Latitude, Longitude, Altitude
Link Level Access
Logical Link Control
Low Layer Compatibility
Logical Link Control Class 2
Least Laxity First
Low Level Format
Lesser Linux God
Logical Link Header
Lawrence Livermoore National Laboratory, USA
Lines Of Code
Link Layer Protocol
Live Long and Prosper (Slang)
Least-Loaded Route
Linear Least Squares
Lots and Lots of Thundering Applause (Slang)
Link Local Use
Laughing My Ass Off (Slang)
Line Mode Browser
Local Master Browser
Lotus Multibyte Character Set
Laughing My Diaper Off (Slang)
Local Multipoint Distribution Service
Layer Management Entity
Local Media Format
Logical Mainframe
Local Management Interface
Langwelle, Mittelwelle, Kurzwelle
Loop Maintenace Operations System
Layer Management Protocol
Link Manager/Management Protocol
Land Mobile Radio
Laser Magnetic Storage
Learning Management System
License Management Service (OSF)
LAN/MAN Standards Committee (IEEE)
221
LMTP
LMU
LN
LNA
LNAI
LNB
LNC
LNCS
LNG
LNI
LNOV
LNP
LNS
LO
LOA
LOAF
LOB
LOC
LOC
LOC
LOCIS
LOD
LOF
LOF
LOI
LOL
LOL
LOL
LOM
LOM
LON
LOOPS
LOP
LOP
LORAN
LORE
LOS
LOS
LOT
LOWFER
LP
LP
LP
LP
LP
LPA
LPAC
LPB
LPC
LPC
LPC
LPD
LPD
LPD
LPI
LPI
LPI
Local Mail Transfer Protocol
Logical Network Management Unit
Logical Network
Low Noise Amplifier
Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence
Low Noise Block Converter
Low Noise Converter
Lecture Notes in Computer Science
Line Network Global (Vectorization)
Lecture Notes of Informatics
Line Network Orientied Vectorization
Local Network Protocol
L2TP Network Server
Local Oscillator
Letter Of Assurance
Linux On A Floppy
Large Object
Library Of Congress, USA
Line(s) Of Code
Loop On-Line Control
Library Of Congress Information System, USA
Level Of Detail
List Of Figures
Loss of Frame
Letter Of Intent
Laughing Out Loud (Slang)
List Of Lists
Lots Of Luck (Slang)
LAN On Mainboard/Motherboard
Learning Object Metadata
Local Operating Network
LISP Object Oriented Programming System
Logikplan (DIN 19 239/40 719)
Loss of Pointer/Power
Long Range Aid to Navigators
Line Oriented Editor
Line Of Sight
Loss Of Signal
List Of Tables
Low Frequency Experimental Radio
Line Printer
Linear/Logic Programming
Logical Partition
Long Play
Low Power/Profile
Logarithmic Periodical Antenna
Lossless Predictive Audio Compression
Local Peripheral Bus
Linear Predictive Coding
Local Procedure Call
Low Pin Count (Interface)
Landespostdirektion
Line Printer Daemon (UNIX)
Low Power Device
lines per inch
Linux Professional Institute
Lower Prediction Interval
222
LPIC
LPL
LPM
LPM
LPN
LPO
LPP
LPPB
LPPL
LPQ
LPRS
LPS
LPS
LPT
LPTF
LPTS
LQ
LQM
LQR
LRC
LRC
LRE
LRE
LRE
LRI
LRJ
LRP
LRPC
LRQ
LRU
LRU
LRZ
LS
LSA
LSA
LSA
LSA
LSB
LSB
LSB
LSC
LSC
LSCD
LSD
LSDV
LSF
LSF
LSI
LSID
LSL
LSM
LSM
LSM
LSO
LSP
LSP
LSP
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
Linux Professional Institute Certification
Lotus Programming Language
lines per minute
Low Power Mode
Logical Page Number
Logical Post Office
Licensed Program Product
Land Pre Pit Level before Recording
LaTeX Project Public License
Line Printer Queue
Low Power Radio Service
lines per second
Low Power Schottky (Semiconductor)
Line Printer
Laboratoire Primaire du Temps et des Frequences
Low Power Time Source
Letter Quality
Link Quality Monitoring
Link Quality Report
Local Register Cache
Longitudinal Redundancy Check
Left to Right Embedding
Limited Regular Expression
Long Reach Ethernet
Least Recently Loaded
Location Reject
Linux Router Project
Lightweight Remote Procedure Call
Location Request
Least Recently Used
Lowest Replaceable Unit
Leibniz-Rechenzentrum München
Location Services
Line Sharing Adapter
Local Security Authority
Link State Algorithm/Advertisement
lötfrei – schraubfrei – abisolierfrei
Least Significant Bit
Linux Standard Base
Lower Side Band
Least Significant Character
Live Sequence Chart
Licensed Status Confirmation Document
Least Significant Digit
Link Segment Delay Value
Load Sharing Facility
Log Structured File (Array)
Large Scale Integration
Local Session Identifier
Link Support Layer
Linux Security Module
Linux Software Map
Logical Storage Manager
Linux Standards Organization
Link State Packet/PDU
Linux Support Package
Local Support Provider
223
LSR
LSR
LSR
LSR
LSR
LSR
LSR
LSR
LSR
LST
LSV
LSX
LSZ
LSZH
LT
LT
LT
LTA
LTCC
LTDC
LTE
LTI
LTI
LTM
LTNS
LTO
LTP
LTP
LTPS
LTS
LTS
LTSC
LTSP
LTV
LU
LUA
LUB
LUF
LUFS
LUG
LUI
LUKS
LUM
LUN
LUNI
LUP
LUT
LUT
LUUG
LV
LV
LVD
LVDS
LVM
LVN
LVS
LW
Label/Load Switch/Switched/Switching Router
Least Squares Regression
Link State Request/Routing
Linux Software Resources/Review
Load Shifting Resistor
Local Service Request
Logical Shift Right
Logical Storage Resource
Loose Source Route
Linux Support Team
Low Speed Variant
Lotus Script Extensions
Leitungschlüsselzahl
Low Smoke Zero Halogen (Kabel)
LaGrande Technology
Lease Time
Link Trailer
Laptop Access
Low Temperature Cofired Ceramic
Long Term Data Collection
Long Term Evolution
Laser Thermal Imaging
Linear Time Invariant (system)
Long Term Memory
Long Time No See (Slang)
Linear Tape Open
Linux Test Project
Long Term Plan/Prediction/Program
Low Temperature Polysilicon
Local Time Server/Service
Long Term Support
Learning Technology Standards Committee
Linux Terminal Server Project
Light To Voltage
Logical Unit
Limited User Account
Least Upper Bound
Lowest Usable Frequency
Linux Userland File System
Linux/Local User Group
Live User Interface
Linux Unified Key Setup
Linux User Management
Logical Unit Number
LAN Emulation User Network Interface
Language Upgrade
Local User Terminal
Look Up Table
Lunar UNIX Users Group
Logical Volume
Low Voltage
Low Voltage Differential (SCSI)
Low Voltage Differential Sensing/Signal/Signalling/SCSI/Swing
Logical Volume Manager
Landesverwaltungsnetz Baden-Württemberg
Linux Virtual Server
Langwelle, Long Wave
224
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
LW
LWAPP
LWC
LWDMO
LWDRM
LWE
LWIR
LWL
LWL
LWN
LWP
LWX
LZ
LZH
LZMA
LZSS
LZW
Long Wire Antenna
Lightweight Access Point Protocol
Lift Window Control
Lead Writing Device - Manual Option (vulgo Bleistift)
Light Weight Digital Rights Management
Linux World Conference + Expo
Long Wave Infrared
Lichtwellenleiter
Long Wave Laser
Linux Weekly News
Lightweight Process
LAN WAN Exchange
Leerzeichen (space)
Lempel, Ziv, Huffman (Algorithm)
Lempel, Ziv, Markow Algorithm
Lempel, Ziv, Storer, Szymanski (Algorithm)
Lempel, Ziv, Welch (Algorithm)
M
M
M2FM
M2M
MA
MA
MAB
MABI
MAC
MAC
MAC
MAC
MAC
MAC
MAC
MAC
MAC
MACE
MACF
MACP
MACS
MACS
MACUL
MADCAP
MADSL
MAE
MAE
MAF
MAGRAM
MAN
MAN
MANET
MANIAC
MAP
MAP
MAP
MAP
MAP
Manage, Memory, Message, Mobile, Mode, Multi
Meldeleitung
Modified Double Frequency Modulation
Machine To Machine
Management Agent
Master
Maschinelles Austauschformat für Bibliotheken
Macintosh Application Binary Interface
Machine Aided Cognition
Mainframe Attachment Controller
Maintaining Arc Consistency
Mandatory/Medium/Media/Memory Access Control/Controller
Membership Advisory Committee
Message Authentication Check/Code
Multi Access Computer
Multiplexed Analogue Components
Multiply Accumulate/Accumulator (Command, Unit)
Middleware Architectural Committee for Education
Mandatory Access Control Framework
Motion Adaptive Color Plus
Mixed Aloha Carrier Sense
Modem Access Control System
Michigan Association of Computer Users in Learning
Multicast Address Dynamic Client Allocation Protocol
Margin Adaptive Digital Subscriber Line
Macintosh Application Environment
Metropolitan Area Exchange
Mozilla Archive Format
Magnetic Random Access Memory
Manchester (Coding)
Metropolitan Area Network
Mobile Adhoc Network
Mathematical Analyzer, Numerical Integrator, and Computer
Maintenance Analysis Procedure
Manufacturing Automation Protocol
Manufacturing Package
Mesh Access Point
Message Access Protocol
225
MAP
MAPI
MAPICS
MAPS
MAPTOP
MAR
MARBI
MARC
MARID
MARP
MARPA
MARS
MARS
MARS
MAS
MAS
MASC
MASER
MASI
MASM
MASS
MASS
MATIP
MATRIX
MAU
MAU
MAVT
MAZ
MB
MB
MBA
MBA
MBC
MBCS
MBFT
MBMS
MBONE
MBPS
MBR
MBS
MBS
MBSA
MBX
MC
MC
MC
MC
MC
MC
MCA
MCA
MCA
MCA
MCA
MCAD
MCAST
MCAT
Mobile Application Part
Mail/Message/Messaging Application Programmer/Programming Interface
Manufacturing, Accounting and Production Information Control System (IBM)
Mail Abuse Prevention System
MAP Technical Office Protocol
Memory Address Register
Machine-Readable Bibliographic Information (Committee)
Machine-Readable Cataloging/Code
MTA Authorization Records In DNS
Multi LAN Address Resolution Protocol
Mini Automatic Radar Plotting Aid
Message Archiving and Retrieval Service
Military Affiliate Radio System
Multicast Address Resolution Server
Microsoft Anti-Spyware
Multi Agent System
Multicast Address-Set Claim (Protocol)
Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
(Laboratoire de) Modelisation et d’Architecture des Systemes Informatiques
Macro Assembler (Microsoft)
Mass Storage System
Message Authentication Signature Standard
Mapping of Airline Traffic over Internet Protocol
Multistate Anti-Terrorism Information Exchange
Medium Attachment Unit (Ethernet)
Multi Station Access Unit
Mobile Audio Visual Terminal
Magnetbildaufzeichnung
Macro Block
Megabyte/Multi Byte
Macroblock Address
Managed (PC) Boot Agent
Multi Bit Cell
Multibyte Character Set (encoding)
Multipoint Binary File Transfer
Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast Service
Multicast/Multimedia Backbone
Megabits/bytes per second
Master Boot Record
Maximum Burst Size
Mobile Broadband System
Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer
Mailbox
Master Control
Miniature Card
Mobile Commerce/Communication
Moving Coil
Multi Carrier/Cast
Multipoint Controller
Machine Check Architecture
Micro Channel Architecture (IBM)
Mission Critical Application
Motion Capture and Analysis
Multiprocessor Communication Adapter
Mechanical Computer Aided Design
Motif Cluster Alignment and Search Tool
Metadata Catalog
226
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
MCB
MCBSP
MCC
MCC
MCC
MCC
MCC
MCC
MCCI
MCCI
MCCOI
MCCS
MCD
MCD
MCDA
MCDS
MCDU
MCE
MCE
MCE
MCF
MCF
MCFT
MCGA
MCGAM
MCH
MCI
MCIR
MCIS
MCM
MCM
MCM
MCN
MCN
MCNC
MCNS
MCOP
MCOP
MCOP
MCP
MCP
MCP
MCP
MCP
MCPP
MCR
MCS
MCS
MCS
MCS
MCS
MCS
MCSE
MCSG
MCT
MCT
MCT
Memory Control Block
Multi Channel Buffered Serial Port
Mamas Computer Club
Manchester Computing Centre
Media Changer Commands
Memory Cache Controller
Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation
Mission Control Center
Multi-Channel Communications Interface
Multimedia Copyright Clearance Ireland
Multimedia Communications Community of Interest
Monitor Command and Control Set (VESA)
Mad Computer Disease
Mini Client Driver
Micro Channel Developers Association
Mail Channel Directory System
Multipurpose Control and Display Unit
Machine Check Exception
Management Communication Engine
Media Center Edition (Microsoft)
Meta Content Format
MOM Connector Framework (Microsoft)
Multi Cash File Transfer (eBanking)
Multi Colour Graphics Adaptor/Array
MIXER Conformant Global Address Mapping
Memory Controller Hub
Media Control Interface
Machine Controlled Interactive Retrieval
Microsoft Commercial Internet System
Media and Communication Management
Multi Carrier Modulation
Multi Chip Module
Media Catalogue Number
Multiple Crossbar Network
Microelectronics Center of North Carolina
Multimedia Cable Network System
Management Coprocessor
Mobile Connect One-time Password
Multimedia Communication Protocol (KDE)
Macintosh Coprocessor Platform
Master Control Programm
Media and Communications Processor
Microsoft Certified Professional
Multichip Package
Microsoft Communications Protocol Program
Minimal/Minimum Cell Rate
Master Control Station
Mission Critical Server
Modulation and Coding Scheme
Multicast Server
Multinational Character Set
Multipoint Communication Services/System
Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer
Mathematical and Computational Sciences Group
Memory Controller
Mind Control Technology
MOS Controlled Thyristor
227
MCU
MCU
MCU
MCU
MCU
MCU
MCX
MD
MD
MD
MD
MD5
MDA
MDA
MDA
MDA
MDA
MDA
MDA
MDA
MDAC
MDAC
MDBMS
MDBS
MDDI
MDE
MDEC
MDF
MDG
MDG
MDG
MDG
MDG
MDG
MDH
MDI
MDI
MDIS
MDIX
MDK
MDN
MDNI
MDNI
MDNS
MDR
MDS
MDS
MDS
MDS
MDS
MDSL
MDSTV
MDT
MDT
MDY
ME
ME
Master Control Unit
Memory/Micro/Multipoint/Module Control/Controller Unit
Minimum Coded Unit
Multi Chip Unit
Multicast Unit
Multipoint Conferencing/Control Unit
Media Center Extender
Mail Drop
Mediation Device
Message Digest
Mini Disk
Message Digest 5
Mail Delivery Agent
Media Dependent/Device Adapter
Mediated Digest Authentication
Mesh Deterministic Access
Mobile Digital Assistant
Model Driven Architecture
Merci d’avance (Slang)
Monochrome Display Adapter
Master Data Acquisition and Control System
Microsoft Data Access Component
Multidimensional DBMS
Mobile Data Base Station
Mobile Digital Display Interface (VESA)
Maschinendatenerfassung
Motion (JPEG) Decoder
Main Distribution Frame
Message Design Guidelines
Minimum Delay Generator
Mobile Data Gateway/Group
Module Dependency Graph
Multiple Default Gateway
Multiuser Dungeon Game
Multimedia Data Handling
Media Dependent Interface
Multiple Document Interface
Mobile Data Intermediate System
Media/Medium Dependent Interface Crossed
Multimedia Development Kit (Microsoft)
Message Disposition Notification
Management Director (!) Network Interface
Multicast Device Network Interface
Managed Data Network Service
Minimum Design Requirement
Meta Data Server
Microsoft Deployment Solution
Monitoring and Discovery Service
Mulit-Dimensional Scaling
Multiple Data Stream
Medium Bit Rate/Multirate Digital Subscriber Line
Mediendienstestaatsvertrag
Mittlere Datentechnik
Mobile Data Terminal
Month Day Year (Datumsangabe)
Micro Edition
Mutation Engine
228
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
MEB
MEC
MECN
MEDARS
MEDLINE
MELANI
MEMS
MEO
MERIT
MERLIN
MERS
MES
MESFET
MESI
MET
MET
MET
METAL
MEXE
MEZ
MF
MF
MFC
MFC
MFC
MFFS
MFI
MFIA
MFJ
MFLOP
MFM
MFO
MFP
MFPA
MFQ
MFR
MFS
MFS
MFS
MFS
MFT
MFT
MFTL
MFTP
MFV
MG
MG
MGA
MGA
MGC
MGCP
MGFT
MGPF
MGR
MH
MHD
MHEG
Memory Expansion Board
Memory Expansion Card
Mobile Extended Corporate Network
Medical Access and Retrieval System
Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System
Melde- und Analysestelle Informationssicherung, Schweiz
Micro Electro-Mechanical System
Medium Earth Orbit
Michigan Education Research Insruction Triad
Message Handling and Radio Link Management
Most Economical Route Selection
Mobile End System
Metal Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor
Modified Exclusive Shared Invalid (Cache)
Memory Enhancement Technology
Middle European Time
Mission Elapsed Time
Macro Expansion Template Attribute Language
Mobil Station Execution Environment
Mitteleuropäische Zeit
Marinefunker
Multifunktion
Mainframe Computer
Microsoft Foundation Classes
Multifunktionale Chipkarte
Microsoft Flash File System
Metafile Input
Magtape Formatter Interface Adapter
Modified Final Judgement
Million Floating Point Operations
Modified Frequency Modulation
Metafile Output
Multifunction Peripheral
Multi Function Peripheral Association
Multilevel Feedback Queue
Multi Frequency Receiver
Macintosh File System
Maximum Frame Size
Memory File System
Mitteilungen für Seefunkstellen
Master File Table
Multi-Programming with a Fixed number of Tasks
My Favorite Toy Language
Multicast File Transfer Protocol
Mehrfrequenz-Wahlverfahren (Telefon)
Master Group
Media Gateway
Mehrgeäteanschluss
Monochrome/Multimode Graphic Adapter
Media Gateway Controller
Media Gateway Control Protocol
Motion Group Fourier Transform
Multiprogram General Purpose Facilities
Multi Gigabit Router
Modified Huffman (Compression)
Moving Head Disk
Multimedia and Hypermedia Expert Group
229
MHF
MHN
MHOTY
MHP
MHS
MHTML
MI
MI
MI
MIA
MIAS
MIB
MIB
MIC
MIC
MIC
MIC
MIC
MIC
MICA
MICE
MICK
MICR
MICS
MID
MID
MID
MIDI
MIDP
MIDS
MIEF
MIF
MIHMA
MII
MII
MIL
MIL
MIL
MILNET
MIM
MIMD
MIME
MIMO
MINC
MINT
MIO
MIP
MIPA
MIPS
MIPS
MIPS
MIPTEL
MIS
MIS
MISD
MIT
MIT
Message Handling Facility
Münchener Hochschul-Netz
My Hat’s Off To You (Slang)
Multimedia Home Platform
Message/Mail Handling Service/System
MIME encoded Hypertext Markup Language
Mode Indicate
Modul Interface
Multiple Instruction (Stream Computer)
Missing In Action (Debian)
Mehrwertsteuerinformationsaustauschsystem
Management Information Base
Melde- und Informationssystem Binnenschifffahrt
Macro Interpretative Command
Media Interface Connector
Memory In Cassette
Message Integrity Check/Code
Mode Indicate Common
Multimedia Interactive Control
Modem ISDN Channel Aggregation
Multimedia Integrated Conferencing for Europe
Multimedia-Informations-Centrum Karlsruhe
Magnetic Ink Character Recognition
Mobile Information and Communication Systems
Maritime Identification Digit
Message Identifier
Mobile Internet Device
Musical Instrument Digital Interface
Mobile Information Device Profile
Matrix Internet Data Survey
Management Information Error Facility
Management Information File/Format
Model-based Integration Heterogeneous Multimedia Archives
Media Independent Interface
Microsoft, IBM, Intel
military; Internet-Domain: Militär in den USA
(amerikanische Militärnorm)
Machine Interface Layer
Military Network, USA
Metall-Isolator-Metall (Bildschirm)
Multiple Instructions Multiple Data
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
Multiple Input Multiple Output
Multilingual Internet Names Consortium
Mathematik, Informatik, Naturwissenschaften, Technik
Modular Input Output
Maximum Integration Phone
Mutual Internet Practices Association
Million Instructions Per Second
Most Irrelevant Product Specification
Multimedia Interactive Protocols and Systems
Mobile IP Telephony
Management Information System
Metal Insulator Semiconductor
Multiple Instructions Single Data
Management Information Tree
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
230
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
MITI
MITM
MITMA
MITS
MIX
MIXER
MJ
MJ
MJD
MJPEG
MKB
MKL
MKT
ML
MLA
MLA
MLC
MLD
MLD
MLE
MLI
MLID
MLIS
MLM
MLM
MLP
MLP
MLPPP
MLR
MLS
MLS
MLT
MLT
MLT
MLV
MM
MM
MM
MM
MM
MMA
MMA
MMAC
MMAP
MMC
MMC
MMC
MMC
MMC
MMCA
MMCD
MMDF
MMDS
MME
MMF
MMF
MMI
Ministry of Trade and Industry, Japan
Man In The Middle (attack)
Man In The Middle Attack
Model Instrumentation Telemetry System
Member Information Exchange
MIME Internet X.400 Enhanced Relay
Major Descriptor
Modular Jack (Steckersystem)
Modified Julian Date
Motion-JPEG
Media Key Block
Mathematical Kernel Library (Intel)
Multifunktionales Kartenterminal
Machine/Markup/Meta Language
Micro Lense Array
My Local Address
Multi Level Cell
Master Logic Diagram
Multicast Listener Discovery
Millenium Language Extension
Multiple Link Interface
Multiple Link Interface Driver
Multilingual Information Society
Mailing List Manager
Multi-Level Marketing
Message/Multilayer Link Protocol
Mobile Location Protocol
Multi Link PPP
Multi-Channel Linear Recording
Multi Level Security
Multiple Link Support
Mechanized Loop Testing
Multi-Level Transition/Transmission
Multi Link Trunking
Multi Language Vendor
Maschinenlesbares Merkmal
Material/Mobility Management
Metadata Manager
Moving Magnet
Multiple Master
Million Message Attack
Multi-Megabit-Anpassung
Multi Media Access Center
Multi Media Access Profile
Man Machine Communication
Matched Memory Cycle
Microsoft Management Console
MIDI Machine Control
Multi Media Card/Commands
Multi Media Card Association
Multimedia Compact Disc
Multichannel Memorandum Distribution Facility
Multichannel Multipoint Distribution System
Multi Media Extensions
Make Money Fast
Multi-Mode Fiber
Man Machine Interface
231
MMIC
MMIS
MMJ
MMK
MML
MML
MMM
MMM
MMM
MMM
MMM
MMORPG
MMP
MMPC
MMPM
MMR
MMR
MMS
MMS
MMS
MMS
MMSI
MMT
MMTCA
MMU
MMX
MN
MNG
MNIT
MNP
MNP
MNRE
MNS
MO
MO
MO
MOAP
MOBB
MOCA
MOD
MOD
MODCA
MODEM
MODFET
MOESI
MOF
MOH
MOHLL
MOKB
MOLAP
MOLI
MOLP
MOM
MOM
MOM
MOO
MOON
Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit
Materials Manager Information System
Modified Modular Jack (Steckersystem)
Multimediale Kommunikation
Man Machine Language
Mathematical Markup Language
Memory Mapper Modul
Micro Macro Magician
Microsoft Multimedia Movie
Mobile Media Mode
Multi Media Mediocrity
Massive Multiplayer Online Role Playing Game
Massive Multi Processing
Multi Message Package Chaffing
Multi Media Presentation Manager
Modified Modified Read (Compression)
Multi Hop Relay
Manufacturing Message Specification
Module Management System
Multimedia Messaging Service
Multimedia Survey
Maritime Mobile Service Identity
Multimedia Timer
Multimedia Toolbox for Cooperative Applications
Memory Management Unit
Multi Media Extensions
Minor Descriptor
Minimal No-Good
Mobile Networks Integration Technology
Microcom Networking Protocol
Multiple Networking Program
Manual Not Read Error (Slang)
Managed Network Services
Magneto-Optical (Disk)
Managed Object
Mobile Originated (Message)
Multihop Over the Air Programming
Month Of Browser Bugs
Music Online Competition Act
Magneto-Optical Disk
Movie/Music On Demand
Mixed Object Document Content Architecture
Modulator-Demodulator
Modulation Doped Field Effect Transistor
Modified, Owner, Exclusive, Shared, Invalid
Meta Object Facility
Music On Hold
Machine Oriented High Level Language
Month Of Kernel Bugs
Multidimensional Online Analytical Processing
Microsoft Online Institute
Microsoft Open License Pak
Map Oriented Machine
Message Oriented Middleware
Microsoft Operations Manager
MUD/Multiuser Object Oriented
Management Of Optical Networks
232
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
MOP
MOP
MOPL
MOPS
MOS
MOS
MOSC
MOSFET
MOSIX
MOSPF
MOSPF
MOSS
MOSS
MOST
MOST
MOT
MOTAS
MOTIS
MOU
MOV
MP
MP
MP
MP
MP
MP
MP
MP3
MPA
MPA
MPAA
MPC
MPC
MPC
MPCS
MPE
MPE
MPEG
MPF
MPG
MPI
MPI
MPICH
MPL
MPLS
MPM
MPMLQ
MPOA
MPP
MPP
MPPP
MPQS
MPR
MPR
MPR
MPR
MPR
Maintenance Operations Protocol (DEC)
Multiple Original Prints
Map oriented Programming Language
Million Operations Per Second
Mean Opinion Score
Metal Oxide Semiconductor
Modified Original Smart Card
Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor
Multicomputer Operating System for UNIX
Multicast Extensions to OSPF
Multicast Open Shortest Path First
Microsoft Office Sharepoint Server
MIME Object Security Services
Media Oriented Systems Transport
Mobile Open Systems Technology
Multimedia Object Transfer
Member Of The Appropriate Sex (Slang)
Message Oriented Text Interchange System
Memorandum Of Understanding
Metal Oxide Varistor
Magic Packet
Massively Parallel
Mesh Point
Multilink Protocol
Multiple Processors
Multipoint Processor
Multiprocessing
MPEG Layer 3
Minimum Perceptable Action
Motion Picture Association
Motion Picture Association of America
Media Port Controller
Microsoft Certified Professional
Multimedia PC
Manufacturing Planning and Control System
Maximum Permissible Exposition
Multiprogramming Executive
Moving Picture Experts Group
Mapping Field
Medizinprodukte-Gesetz
Message Passing Interface
Multi-Protocol Interchange
Message Passing Interface Chameleon
Mozilla Public License
Multi-Protocol Label Switching
Message/Multi Processing Module
Multipulse Maximum Likelihood Quantization
Multi Protocol Over ATM
Massively Parallel Processing/Processor
Message Posting/Processing Program/Protocol
Multilink Point-to-Point Protocol
Multiple Polynomial Quadratic Sieve
Massenparallelrechner
Mät- och Provningsrådet (Schweden)
Multi-Protocol Router
Multipart Repeater
Multipoint Relay
233
MPRM
MPT
MPT
MPTF
MPTN
MPTP
MPTS
MPU
MPU
MPW
MPX
MPX
MQ
MQE
MQI
MR
MR
MR
MRAM
MRB
MRC
MRCC
MRCF
MRCI
MRM
MRM
MRML
MRML
MRO
MRP
MRP
MRPL
MRS
MRS
MRS
MRS
MRS
MRT
MRTD
MRU
MRU
MRZ
MS
MS
MS
MS
MS
MS
MS
MSA
MSA
MSAA
MSAIS
MSAM
MSAM
MSAP
MSAS
Mobile Payment Reference Model
Memory Protocol Translator
Ministry of Post and Telecommunications, UK + Japan
Multiple Protocol Transport Feature
Multi-/Multiple Protocol Transport Network (IBM)
Micro Payment Transfer Protocol
Multiprotocol Transport Services (IBM)
Microprocessor Unit
MIDI Processing Unit
Macintosh Programmers/Programming Workbench
Multi Pointer X (Server)
Multiplex
Message Queuing
Managed Query Environment
Messaging and Queuing Interface
magneto-resistiv
Modem Ready
Modified Read (Compression)
Magnetoresistive/Ferromagnetic Random Access Memory
Method Request Broker
Magneto-Resistive Cluster
Maritime Rescue Coordination Center
Microsoft Realtime Compression Format
Microsoft Realtime Compression Interface
Motif Resource Manager
Multi Resolution Mesh
Mind Reading Markup Language
Multimedia Retrieval Markup Language
Multi-Region Operation
Material Requirements Planning
Manufacturing Resource Planning
Main Ring Path Length
Media Recognition System
Microcontroller Readable Sector
Mode Register Set
Moderator Recovery System
Monitored Retrievable Storage
Mean Repair Time
Machine Readable Travel Document
Maximum Receive Unit
Most Recently Used
Machine Readable Zone
Management Services
Memory Stick/System
Message Store
Microsoft Corporation
Mobile Station
Multiplexer Section
Music/Speech
Microsoft Systems Architecture
Mobile Service Architecture
Microsoft Active Accessibility
Multiplexer Section Alarm Indication Signal
Microsoft Screen Access Model
Multikeyed Indexed Sequential File Access Method
Minislotted Alternating Priorities
Multimedia-Stream Adaptation Services
234
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
MSAU
MSB
MSC
MSC
MSC
MSCDEX
MSCHAP
MSCP
MSCS
MSD
MSD
MSDL
MSDN
MSDOS
MSDP
MSDR
MSDS
MSDS
MSFDC
MSG
MSI
MSI
MSI
MSI
MSIE
MSIL
MSISDN
MSISDNN
MSK
MSL
MSL
MSL
MSL
MSLR
MSLR
MSM
MSN
MSN
MSO
MSOH
MSOPF
MSP
MSP
MSR
MSR
MSR
MSR
MSR
MSRN
MSS
MSS
MSS
MSSG
MSTE
MSTP
MSU
MSV
Multi-Station Access Unit
Most Significant Bit/Byte
Main Service Channel
Mid Speech Clipping
Mobile (Services) Switching Centre
Microsoft Compact Disk Extensions
Microsoft Challenge/Reply Handshake Protocol
Mass Storage Control Protocol
Microsoft Cluster Server/Services
Mass Storage Device
Most Significant Digit
Motion Special Description Language
Microsoft Developer Network
Microsoft Disk Operating System
Multicast Source Discovery Protocol
Multiplexed Streaming Data Request
Microsoft Developer Support
MIDI Sample Dump Standard
Microsoft + First Data Corporation
Message
Maritime Safety Information
Medium Scale Integration
Message Signaled Interrupt
Microsoft Installer
Microsoft Internet Explorer
Microsoft Intermediate Language
Mobile Subscriber Integrated Services Digital Network
Mobile Subscriber Integrated Services Digital Network Number
Minimum Shift Keying
Master Symbol List
Map Specification Library
Mean Sea Level
Mirrored Server Link
Max Scan Line Register
Morphological and Syntactic LR Parser
Mainstream Media
Microsoft Network
Multiple Subscriber Number
Multiple System Operator
Multiplexer Section Overhead
Multicast Open Shortest Path First
Message Security Protocol
Multiplexer Section Protection
Machine Specific Register
Message Service Routine
Messen, Steuern, Regeln
Model Specific Registers
Multiplicity Shift Register
Mobile Station Roaming Number
MAN Switching System
Maximum Segment Size
Mobile Satellite Service
MPEG Software Simulation Group
Multiplexer Section Terminating Equipment
Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol
Multi Service Unit
Medium Speed Variant
235
MSW
MT
MT
MTA
MTA
MTA
MTBB
MTBDL
MTBF
MTBJ
MTC
MTD
MTDA
MTF
MTF
MTF
MTFBWY
MTH
MTJ
MTN
MTOPS
MTP
MTP
MTP
MTQP
MTRR
MTS
MTS
MTS
MTS
MTS
MTTF
MTTH
MTTR
MTU
MTUF
MU
MÜ
MUA
MUCK
MUD
MUEW
MUF
MUFF
MUL
MUL
MULTICS
MUMPS
MUNDI
MUSE
MUSEN
MUSH
MUSIC
MUSICAM
MUTEX
MUX
MVA
Machine Status Word
Mobile Terminated (Messaging)
Movable Type
Macintosh Telephony Architecture
Mail/Message Transfer Agent
Multiple Terminal Access
Mean Time Between Breakdowns
Mean Time Between Data Loss
Mean Time Between Failures
Mean Time Between Jams
Multi Threaded Calculation
Memory Technology Device
Mean Time Data Availability
Mean Time to Failure
Microsoft Tape Format
Modulation Transfer Function
May The Force Be With You (Slang)
Memory Translation/Translator Hub
Magnetic Tunnel Junction
Mini Typing Notify
Millions Theoretical Operations Per Second
Mail Transfer Protocol (Internet)
Message Transfer Part
Meteo Time Protocol
Message Tracking Query Protocol
Memory Type Range Register
Message Transfer/Telephone Services/System
Michigan Terminal System
Microsoft Transaction Server
Multichannel Television Sound
Multimedia Teleschool (Berlitz)
Mean Time To Failure
Mean Time To Half Brightness
Mean Time To Recovery/Repair
Maximum Transfer/Transmission Unit
Magnetic Tape Unit Formatter
Message Unit
Maschinelle Übersetzung
Mail User Agent
Multi User Chat Kingdom
Multi/Multiple-User Dialogue/Dimension/Dungeon (Spiele)
Monopolübertragungsweg
Maximal Usable Frequency
Maus- und Fenster-Firlefanz
Memory Upper Low
Mobile User Link
Multiplexed Information and Computing Service
Massachusetts General Hospital Utility Multi-Programming System
Multiplexed Network for Distributive and Interactive Services
Multiple Sub-Nyqyist-Sampling Encoding
Meinem Unmassgeblichen Sprachempfinden Nach (Slang)
Multi-User Shared Hallucinations
Multiple Signal Characterization/Classification
Masking Universal Subband Integrated Coding and Multiplex
Mutual Exclusion
Multiplexer
Multi-domain Vertical Alignment (panel)
236
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
MVB
MVC
MVC
MVC
MVC
MVCC
MVD
MVDM
MVFS
MVGA
MVIP
MVL
MVM
MVP
MVQ
MVS
MVT
MVT
MW
MWC
MWCG
MWCM
MWD
MWI
MWM
MWMR
MWN
MX
MXF
MXS
MXS
MXS
MXT
MYOB
MZAP
Multimedia Viewer Book
Manual Volume Control
Model View Controller (design pattern)
Multimedia Viewer Compiler
Micro-Bit-Virus-Centrum, Karlsruhe
Multi Version Concurrency Control
Multi Valued Dependency
Multiple Virtual DOS Machines
Multi Version File System
Monochrome Video Graphics Array
Multi Vendor Integration/Interaction Protocol
Multiple Virtual Line
Matrix Vector Multiplier
Multimedia Video Processor
Motion Vector Quantization
Multiple Virtual Storage/Systems (IBM)
Multiprogramming with a Variable number of Tasks
Multi Vendor Teaming
Mittelwelle, Medium Wave
Mirror Write Cache
Multiply With Carry (random number) Generator
Molecular Wire Crossbar Memory
Mehrwertdienst
Message Waiting Indication
Motif Window Manager
Multiple Write, Multiple Read
Managed WAN Networks
Mail Exchange/Exchanger (DNS-Record)
Material Exchange Format
Mail Exchangers (plural of MX)
Message Exchange Services
Microsoft Exchange Server
Memory Expansion Technology (IBM)
Mind Your Own Business (Slang)
Multicast-Scope Zone Announcement Protocol
N
NA
NA
NAB
NAB
NAC
NAC
NAC
NAC
NACA
NACD
NACK
NACS
NACS
NADIR
NAEC
NAF
NAFOD
NAG
NAIF
National, Network, No/Non
Network Access
Not Applicable/Available
National Address Base
National Association of Broadcasters (USA)
Network Access/Admission Control
Network Analysis Corporation
Network Applications Consortium (USA)
Null Attachment Concentrator
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (USA)
National Association of Computer Dealers
Negative Acknowledge
National Advisory Committee on Semiconductors
NetWare Asynchronous Communication Server
Network Anomaly Detection + Intrusion Reporter
Novell Authorized Education Center
National Arbitration Forum
No Apparent Fear Of Death (Slang)
Numerical Algorithms Group, Oxford
Navigation Ancillary Information Facility
237
NAK
NAL
NAL
NAM
NAM
NAM
NAM
NAM
NAM
NAMP
NAN
NAND
NANOG
NAP
NAP
NAPAW
NAPLPS
NAPT
NAPTR
NAQ
NARR
NAS
NAS
NAS
NAS
NAS
NASA
NASA
NASI
NASIG
NASK
NASS
NAT
NAU
NAUN
NAV
NAVI
NAVTEX
NAX
NB
NB
NBC
NBD
NBD
NBF
NBFCP
NBG
NBMA
NBN
NBNS
NBO
NBP
NBP
NBP
NBS
NBT
NC
Negative Acknowledge/Acknowledgement
Network Abstraction Layer
Novell Application Launcher
Name and Address Module
Narrow Amplitude Modulation
National Account Manager
Netware Application Manager
Network Analysis Module
Number Assignment Module
NetWare Asynchronous Messaging Protocol
Not a Number
not and
North American Network Operators Group
Network Access Point/Protection/Protocol
Non-significant Address Part (Bluetooth)
North American Process Algebra Workshop
North American Presentation Layer/Level Protocol Syntax
Network Address Port Translation (RFC 3022)
Naming Authority Pointer
Never Answered Questions
Narrative
Network Access Server
Network Administration System
Network Application Services
Network Application Support (DEC)
Network Attached Storage
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA
.net Application and Strategic Alternatives
NetWare Asynchronous Services Interface (Novell)
Numerical Analysis Special Interest Group
Naukowa i Akademicka Siec Komputerowa (Polen)
Numerical Aerodynamics Simulation System
Network Address Translation
Network Access/Addressable Unit
Nearest Active Upstream Neighbour
Network Allocation Vector
New Analog Video Interface
Navigational Warnings by Telex
Nachrichten auf Fax
Noise Blanker
Northbridge
National Broadcasting Compnay, USA
Network Block Device
No Big Deal (Slang)
Netbios Frame (Transport Protocol)
NetBIOS Frames Control Protocol
Networking Business Group
Non-Broadcast Multiple Access
Nixdorf Breitbandnetz
NetBIOS Name Server/Service
Network Byte Order
Name Binding Protocol
Netbios Protocol
Network Bootstrap Program
National Bureau of Standards, USA (jetzt NIST)
NetBIOS on TCP/IP
Network Computer/Control
238
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NCA
NCA
NCAM
NCAR
NCB
NCC
NCC
NCC
NCC
NCCUSL
NCD
NCD
NCE
NCEG
NCF
NCGA
NCI
NCM
NCMT
NCN
NCNCNC
NCO
NCP
NCP
NCP
NCQ
NCR
NCS
NCS
NCS
NCS
NCSA
NCSA
NCSA
NCSC
NCSC
NCSD
NCSI
NCSL
NCSTRL
ND
ND
NDA
NDA
NDAC
NDAS
NDB
NDC
NDC
NDI
NDIS
NDL
Newcastle Connection
No Connection
Node Consistency
Number Cruncher/Crusher
Numerical Control
Network Communications Adapter
Network Computer/Computing Architecture
National Center for Accessible Media, USA
National Center for Atmospheric Research, USA
NetBIOS Control Block
National Computing Centre
Network Computer Client
Network Control Center
Network Coordination Centre (RIPE)
National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws
Network Computing Device
Network Copy Detection
Nomadic Computing Environment
Numerical C Extensions Group
Network Computing Facility
National Computer Graphics Association
Network Control Information
Network Configuration Management
Numerical Control for Machine Tools
New Century Network
No Coffee, No Chocolate, No Computer (Slang)
Numerically Controlled Oscillator
NetWare Core Protocol
Network Control Processor/Protocol/Program
Not Copy Protected
Native Command Queuing
National Cash Register Corporation, USA
Natural Colour System
Network Computer Server
Network Computing System
NASI Connection Service
National Center for Supercomputing Applications, USA
National Computer Security Association
National Customer Service Association
National Computer Security Center
North Carolina Supercomputing Center
National Cyber Security Division, USA
Network Communication Services Interface
National Computer System Laboratory
Networked Computer Science Technical Reports Library
Natürliche Dummheit (Gegensatz zu KI)
Network Diagram
Non Disclosure Agreement
Norddeutsche Datenautobahn
Not Data Accepted
Network Direct Attached Storage
Non-Directional Beacon
National Destination Code
Normalized Device Coordinate
Network Distribution Infrastructure
Network Device/Driver Interface Specification
Network Database Language
239
NDLTD
NDM
NDM
NDMP
NDMS
NDP
NDPS
NDPS
NDR
NDR
NDS
NDS
NDST
NDT
NDT
NDTP
NE
NE
NE4
NEA
NEARNET
NEC
NEC
NEC
NECC
NECTAR
NEDD
NEES
NEMA
NEMS
NEOS
NERD
NEST
NET
NET
NET
NETBEUI
NETBIOS
NETBLT
NETCDF
NETSC
NETSC
NEWS
NEXT
NF
NF
NF
NFA
NFAR
NFC
NFF
NFGM
NFI
NFM
NFM
NFS
NFS
Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations
Netzwerk-Datenmodell
Normal Disconnected Mode
Network Data Management Protocol
NetWare Distributed Management Services
Numeric Data Processor
Netware Distributed Printing Services
Non-Disruptive Path Switching
Non Delivery Report
Norddeutscher Rundfunk
Netware/Novell Directory Services
Noise Detected as Speech
Network Dedicated Systems Time
Net Data Throughput
Network Design Tool
Network Dictionary Transfer Protocol
Name Error
Network/Node Element
Netzebene 4
Nichtdeterministischer Endlicher Automat (NFA)
New England Academic and Research Network
National Electric Code (Kabel)
Nippon Electric Company, Japan
Numerical Electromagnetics Code
National Education Computing Conference, USA
Network Computer Architecture
New Electrostatic Drop Detector
Network for Earthquake Engineering and Simulation
National Electrical Manufacturers Association
Nano Electromechanical Storage
Networked Educational On-line System
Network Event Recording Device
Novell Embedded Systems Technology
network; Internet-Domain: Netzverwaltung
Network Entity Title
Norme Europeenne de Telecommunication
NetBIOS Extended User Interface (IBM)
Network Basic Input and Output System (IBM)
Network Block Transfer (Protocol)
Network Common Data Form
Netscape (Browser)
Network Security Consortium
Network Extensible Window System
Near End Cross Talk
Niederfrequenz
Noise Factor
Normalform (Datenbank)
Nondeterministic Finite Automaton
Network File Access Routine
Near Field Communications
No Fault Found
Nano Floating Gate Memory
No Frigging Idea (Slang)
Narrow Frequency Modulation
Network File Manager
Nachrichten für Seefunkstellen
Network/Nightmare File Server/System
240
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
NFS
NFSS
NFW
NG
NG
NGG
NGI
NGIO
NGM
NGMHS
NGMN
NGN
NGO
NGS
NGSCB
NGSCBFW
NGWS
NGZ
NHC
NHOB
NHRP
NI
NI
NIA
NIC
NIC
NIC
NIC
NICA
NICAD
NICAM
NICE
NICK
NID
NID
NIDL
NIDS
NIF
NIF
NIG
NIH
NIH
NIHCL
NII
NIIT
NIK
NIL
NILFS
NIM
NIM
NIMA
NIMBY
NIMH
NIMP
NIP
NIP
NIPC
Number Field Sieve
New Font Selection Scheme
No Fucking Way (Slang)
Next/New Generation
No Good
Network Group Germany
Next Generation Internet
Next Generation Input Output
Netware Global Messaging
NetWare Global Message Handling System
Next Generation Mobile Network
Next Generation Network
Non Governmental Organization
Non Government Standard
Next Generation Secure Computing Base
Next Generation Secure Computing Base for Windows
Next Generation Windows Services
Network Game Zone
Notebook Hardware Control
Non-specific Hierarchical Operational Binding
Next Hop Routing/Resolution Protocol
Neighbourhood Interchangeability
Network Interconnect
Network Interoperability Alliance
National ISDN Council
Network Information Center
Network Interface Card
John-von-Neumann-Institut für Computing, Jülich
Novell Integrated Computing Architecture
Nickel Cadmium (Akkumulator)
Near Instantaneous Companded Audio Multiplex
Network Information and Control Exchange (Protocol)
Netzweites Informationssystem im Campus der Universität Karlsruhe
Namespace Identifier
Next ID
Network Interface Definition Language
Network Intrusion Detection System
Nautischer Informationsfunk
Network Information File/Frame
Non Isolated Gate
National Institute of Health, USA
Not Invented Here
NIH Class Library
National Information Infrastructure, USA
National Information Infrastructure Testbed
Nachhaltigkeit in der Informations- und Kommunikationstechnik
Network Interchange Language
New Implementation of a Log-structured File System
Network Installation Manager
Network Interface Machine
National Imaging and Mapping Agency
Not In My Backyard (Slang)
Nickel Metal Hydride (Akkumulator)
NetWare Internetwork Messaging Protocol
Network Inquiry Protocol
Non-Impact Printer/Printing
National Infrastructure Protection Center
241
NIPS
NIR
NIS
NIS
NIS
NIS
NISA
NISDN
NISO
NISS
NISS
NIST
NIT
NIT
NITC
NIU
NIUF
NJE
NL
NL
NLA
NLA
NLANR
NLB
NLE
NLLS
NLM
NLMB
NLOC
NLP
NLP
NLPID
NLQ
NLS
NLSP
NLUUG
NM
NM
NMA
NMAS
NMC
NMCP
NMEA
NMI
NML
NMM
NMM
NMO
NMOS
NMOS
NMP
NMPR
NMR
NMR
NMS
NMT
NMU
Network I/O Per Second
Network Information Retrieval
Nachbarschafts-Informationssystem
NATO Identification System
Network Information/Interpreting Service
Norddeutsches Informationssystem
New Information Services Architecture
Narrow Band ISDN
National Information Standards Organization
National Information Services and Systems, USA
National Information on Software and Services, USA
National Institute of Standards and Technology, USA
Network Information Table
Network Interface Tap
National Information Technology Center
Network Interface Unit
National ISDN Users Forum
Network Job Entry (IBM)
Network Layer
New Line
Next Level Aggregator
Not Long Ago (Slang)
National Laboratory for Applied Networking Research, USA
Network Load Balancing
Nonlinear Editing
Nonlinear Least Squares
Netware Loadable Modul (Novell)
Nolifemuddinbastard (Slang)
Netto Lines Of Code
Natural Language Processing
Non Linear Programming
Network Layer/Level Protocol Identifier
Near Letter Quality
National/Native Language Support
Netware Link Service/State Protocol
Niederländische UNIX User Group
Network Management
New Maintainer (Debian)
Network Management Architecture
Novell Modular Authentication Services
Network Management/Measurement Center
Network Management Control Protocol
National Marine Electronics Association
Non Maskable Interrupt
Normal
NetWare Management Map (Novell)
Network Management Modul
Network Management Option (OSF)
N-Channel MOS (Transistor)
Network Management Operating System
Network Management Processor
Networked Media Product Requirements
Network Management Responder (Novell)
Noise to Mask Ration
Network/NetWare Management Station/System
Nordic Mobile Telephone
Non-Maintainer Upload (Debian)
242
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
NMVT
NMX
NN
NN
NN
NNGS
NNI
NNI
NNR
NNSC
NNSP
NNSP
NNTP
NNX
NOA
NOAA
NOAH
NOC
NOC
NOEBL
NOEML
NOMA
NOP
NOR
NORC
NORSAR
NOS
NOW
NP
NP
NPA
NPA
NPA
NPACI
NPAP
NPAPI
NPC
NPCID
NPH
NPI
NPI
NPL
NPL
NPP
NPR
NPS
NPTL
NPTN
NPV
NQE
NQS
NR
NRC
NRCS
NREN
NRF
NRL
Network Management Vector Command
Network Magement Extensions
Network Node
Newbie Note (Slang)
Nightmare Networker (Slang)
No Name Go Server
Network Node/Network Interface
Next Node Indicator
Novell Network Registry
NSFnet Network Service Center
National Network of State Polls, USA
Neural Networks for Signal Processing
Network News Transfer Protocol (Internet)
Nerwork Numbering Exchange
Nerds on Air
National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration
Network Oriented Application Harmonization
Network Operation Center
Number of Children
Nichtöffentlicher beweglicher Landfunk
Nichtöffentlicher mobiler Landfunk
National Online Media Association
No Operation
not or
Naval Ordnance Research Calculator
Norwegian Seismic Array
Network Operating System
Network Of Workstations
No Problem (Slang)
Nondeterministic Polynomial time
Network Performance Analyzer
Network Printer/Printing Alliance
Numbering Plan Area
National Partnership for Advanced Computational Infrastructure
Network Printing Alliance Protocol
Netscape Plug-in Application Program Interface
Network Personal Computer
Network Provides Caller Identifier
Non Processed Header
Neighbourhood Partial Interchangeability
Network Printer Interface
National Physical Laboratory, England
Nonprocedural Language
Network Printing Protocol
Non Persistent Reference
Network Print Server
Native POSIX Thread Library
National Public Telecomputing Network, USA
Non Patient Vicinity
Network Queuing Environment
Network Queuing System
No-Good Recording
National Research Council, USA
National Replacement Character Set
National Research and Education/Educational Network
Nerds’ Revolutionary Front
Namespace Routing Language
243
NRM
NRN
NRN
NRN
NRO
NRPC
NRRT
NRT
NRTL
NRTM
NRV
NRZ
NRZI
NS
NS
NS
NS
NS
NSA
NSA
NSAP
NSAPA
NSAPI
NSC
NSC
NSC
NSCACE
NSCD
NSDI
NSDI
NSE
NSF
NSF
NSF
NSF
NSFNET
NSI
NSI
NSIC
NSID
NSL
NSM
NSM
NSM
NSO
NSO
NSP
NSP
NSR
NSRA
NSRMP
NSS
NSS
NSS
NSS
NSS
NSS
Normal Response Mode
National Research Network
Netware Remote Node
No Reply Necessary (Slang)
Numbering Resource Organisation
(Lotus) Notes Remote Procedure Call
Non-reroutable Traffic
Non Real Time
Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory (USA)
Near Real Time Mirroring
Niedersächsicher Rechner-Verbund
Non Return to Zero
Non Return to Zero, Invert on ones
Name Server (Record)
Natural Stupidness
Netscape
Network Supervisor
New Signal
National Security Agency, USA
Nichtschlüsselattribut
Network Service Access Point
Network Service Access Point Address
Netscape Server API
National Support Center
Network Security Controller
Network Signon Coordinator
NSC Auxiliary Control Element
Name Service Cache Daemon
National Spatial Data Infrastructure
Networked Systems Design and Implementation
Network Software Environment
National Science Foundation, USA
Non Standard Format
Norges Standardiseringsforbund
(Lotus) Notes Storage Facility/File
National Science Foundation Network (Internet)
Network Solutions, Inc.
Norsk Sentrum for Informatikk, Norwegen
National Storage Industry Consortium, USA
(DNS) Name Server Identifier
Network Service Layer
Network Storage Manager
Netz-Service-Modul
Netz- und Systemmanagement
Network Security Officer
Nonvirtual Significant Other (Slang)
Native Signal Processing
Network Services Protocol/Provider
Niederspannungsrichtlinie
Nordvästra Skånes Radioamatörer
Network Security Risk Management Protocol
Namespace Specific String
Name Service Switch
National Search and Rescue Secretariat, Canada
Network Specific String
Nodal Switching System
Novell Storage Services
244
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
NSSDC
NSSN
NSSR
NSTL
NSTVA
NSTX
NSUB
NSUE
NSW
NSW
NSW
NSW
NT
NT
NTAS
NTBA
NTC
NTC
NTDLM
NTF
NTF
NTFS
NTG
NTIA
NTIC
NTL
NTM
NTN
NTP
NTP
NTR
NTS
NTS
NTSA
NTSC
NTSC
NTT
NTTAWWT
NTTF
NTV
NUA
NUI
NUL
NUMA
NURBS
NV
NV
NV
NV
NV
NV
NVE
NVM
NVN
NVO
NVOD
NVP
National Space Science Data Center, USA
National Standards System Network, USA
Non-Specific Subordinate Reference
National Software Testing Labs, USA
Nebenstellen-Vermittlungsanlage
Name Server Tunnel Exchange (Protocol)
Neighbourhood Substitutability
Netzsteuerungs- und -überwachungssystem
National Software Works, USA
Network Setup Wizard
Norton SystemWorks (Symantec),USA
Novell Script for NetWare
Network Termination/Terminator (ISDN)
New Technology/Trouble
Windows NT Advanced Server
Network Terminator Basicrate Access (ISDN-Netzbasisanschluss)
National Telecommunications Conference
Negative Temperature Coefficient
Neue Telefondienstleistungsmerkmale
Neutral Transfer Format
No Trouble Found
New Technology File System (Microsoft)
Nachrichtentechnische Gesellschaft e. V.
National Telecommunications and Information Administration, USA
Nouvelles Technologies de l’Information et de la Communication
Network Tracing and Logging
Nondeterministic Turing Machine
Network Terminal/Termination Number
Network Termination Point
Network Time Protocol
Nationale Teilnehmer-Rufnummer
Network Transport Services (IBM)
New Typesetting System
Networking Technical Support Alliance
National Television Standards/System Committee, USA
Never The Same Color (Slang)
Nippon Telegraph + Telephone Corporation, Japan
Not That There’s Anything Wrong With That (Slang)
Networking and Telecommunications Task Force
Network Television
Network User Address
Network User Identification/Interface
Null
Non Uniform Memory Access/Address/Architecture
Non Uniform Rational B-Spline
Net View/Vision/Volume
Network Variable/Video
New Version
No Overflow
Nominal Voltage
Non-volatile
Nummer der Versandeinheit
Non Volatile Memory
National Videotext Network
Non-Visual User Object
Near Video On Demand
Network Voice Protocol (Internet)
245
NVP
NVQ
NVR
NVRAM
NVT
NWFS
NWG
NWNET
NWS
NWS
NX
NYPSC
NYSERNet
Nominal Velocity of Propagation
National Vocational Qualification
Non Volatile Random Access Memory
Non Volatile Random Access Memory
Network Virtual Terminal
Netware File System (Novell)
Network Working Group
North West Net
National Warning System, USA
Network Weather Service
No Execute
New York Public Service Commission
New York State Educational and Research Network
O
OA
OAA
OAEP
OAF
OAG
OAI
OAI
OAI
OAI
OAIS
OAM
OAM
OAO
OASIS
OATUS
OAUS
OAW
OB
OBC
OBE
OBEX
OBI
OBO
OBS
OBS
OBST
OBTW
OBU
OC
OC
OC3
OCA
OCALA
OCB
OCC
OCC
OCC
OCCC
OCE
OCFS
OCI
Object, Open, Operate, Optical
Open Access
Open Agent Architecture
Optimal Asymmetric Encryption Padding
Origin Address Field
Open Application Group
Offene Anwendungs- und Interkommunikationssysteme
Open Applications Interface
Open Archive Initiative
Oracle Academic Initiative
Open Archival Information System
Object Attribute Memory
Operation, Administration, Maintenance
Over And Out (Slang)
Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards
On A Totally Unrelated Subject (Slang)
On An Unrelated Subject (Slang)
Optically Assisted Winchester
Orange Book
Onboard Computer
Overcome By Events (Slang)
Object Exchange (Protocol)
Online Book Inititative
Or Best Offer (Slang)
Objektbanksystem
Optical Burst Switching
Object Management System of STONE
Oh, By The Way (Slang)
On Board Unit
Open Control
Optical Carrier
Optical Carrier Level 3
Object/Open Component Architecture
Open Common Annotation Language
Optically Compensated Bend
Omas/Opas Computer-Club
Operations Control Center
Other Common Carrier
Obfuscated C Code Contest
Open Collaborative Environment (Apple)
Oracle Cluster File System
Object Code Insertion
246
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
OCI
OCI
OCL
OCLC
OCP
OCR
OCR
OCS
OCS
OCSP
OCT
OCTD
OCX
ODA
ODA
ODAC
ODAM
ODAPI
ODB
ODBC
ODBMS
ODC
ODCS
ODD
ODE
ODE
ODE
ODE
ODETTE
ODF
ODF
ODF
ODFA
ODI
ODIF
ODIMS
ODINSUP
ODL
ODM
ODMA
ODMG
ODMR
ODN
ODP
ODP
ODR
ODS
ODS
ODS
ODS
ODSI
ODT
ODTM
ODVA
OE
OE
OEB
Operational Cryptography and Interception
Oracle Call Interface
Operator/Operation Control Language
Online Cataloging/Computer Library Catalog/Center
Optical Storage Processor
Optical Character/Curve Recognition
Oracle Cluster Registry
Object Compatibility Standard
Open Cabling System
Online Certificate Status Protocol
Object Code Translator
Observation, Conclusion, Temporary Data
OLE Control Extensions
Open Data Applications
Open/Office Document Architecture
Open Document Architecture Consortium
Open Distributed Application Model
Open Database Application Programming Interface
Object Oriented Data Base
Open Data Base Connectivity (Microsoft)
Object Oriented Database Management System
Overdrive Circuit
Open Distributed Computing Structure
Open Data Desktop
Object Data and Environment
Open Dynamics Engine
Ordinary Differential Equation
OSF Development Environment
Organisation for Data Exchange by Tele-Transmission in Europe
On Disk Format
Open Document Format
OpenDoc Development Framework
Open Document Format Alliance
Open Data-Link Interface (Novell)
Open/Office Document Interchange Format
Open Distributed Information Management System
ODI-NDIS Supplementary Driver
Object Definition Language, Optical Disc Library
Object Data Manager
Open Document Management API
Object Database Management Group
On Demand Mail Relay
Optical Data Network
Open Directory Project
Open Distributed Processing
Optical Digital Reference
Offene Datenschnittstelle
Offenes Deutsches Schulnetz
On Disc Structure (File System)
Open Data Services
Open Directory Service Interface
On-Die Termination
Optical Time Division Multiplexing
Open Device-Net Vendor Association
Opportunistic Encryption
Output Enable
Open Electronic Book
247
OEBL
OECD
OEF
OEM
OEM
OES
OES
OF
OFA
OFAP
OFB
OFD
OFDM
OFE
OFET
OFFIS
OFHC
OFM
OFS
OFS
OFS
OFTC
OFTP
OFW
OFX
OGIS
OGM
OGSA
OGSI
OH
OHA
OHCI
OHR
OIC
OIC
OID
OIDC
OIDL
OII
OIM
OIM
OIM
OIM
OIM
OIM
OIM
OIM
OIM
OIN
OIO
OIRT
OIS
OIT
OIU
OIV
OIW
OK
Öffentlicher beweglicher Landfunk
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
Origin Element Field
Odd Even Merge (Graph, Netz)
Original Equipment Manufacturer
Odd Even Sort (Graph, Netz)
Open Enterprise Server (Novell)
Overflow Flag
Optimal Flexible Architecture
Old Fart At Play (Slang)
Output Feedback
Optical Frequency Division Demultiplexer/Demultiplexing
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex/Multiplexing
Open Financial Exchange
Organic Field Effect Transistor
Oldenburger Forschungs- und Entwicklungsinstitut für Informatik-Werkzeuge und -Syste
Oxygen Free High Conductivity (Copper)
Optical Frequency Division Multiplexer/Multiplexing
Object File System
Old File System (Amiga)
Output Field Separator
Open and Free Technology Community
Odette File Transfer Protocol
Oberflächenwelle
Open Financial Exchange
Open Geodata Interoperability Specification
Ogg Media
Open Grid Services Architecture
Open Grid Services Infrastructure
Off Hook
Open Handset Alliance
Open Host Controller Interface
Over Horizon RADAR
Oh, I See (Slang)
Operator Interface Console
Object Identifier (IANA)
Object Identifier Component
Object Interface Definition Language
(European Commission’s) Open Information Interchange (Service)
Object Interaction Model
Office of Information Management
Offline Instant Message
Open Information Model
Operating Instruction Manual
Operations/Operator Interface Module
Optical Interface Module
Oracle Identity Management
OSI Internet Management
Open Invention Network
Open Infrastructure for Outcomes
Organisation International de Radio et Television
Office/Online Information System
Object Identifier Tree
Operator Interface Unit
Object Identifier Value
OSI Implementors’ Workshop
Oberer Kanal
248
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
OKKSA
OLALA
OLAP
OLC
OLC
OLE
OLE
OLED
OLI
OLI
OLIT
OLIX
OLM
OLP
OLPC
OLSR
OLT
OLTC
OLTP
OLWM
OM
OM
OM
O&M
OMA
OMA
OMAC
OMAP
OMAP
OMC
OMCR
OMCS
OME
OMF
OMF
OMF
OMF
OMFS
OMG
OMI
OMI
OML
OMR
OMS
OMT
OMUP
ONAL
ONC
ONCS
ONE
ONI
ONM
ONMS
ONN
ONNA
ONNTA
ONP
Offener Katalog für Kommunale Softwareanforderungen
Open Local Area Linux Applications
Online Analytical Processing
Online Computer
Optical Link Card
Object Linking and Embedding
Open License for Education
Organic Light Emitting Device/Diode/Display
Open Link Interface (Novell)
Optical Phone Line Interface
Open Look Intrinsic Toolkit
On-Line Informationssystem UNIX
Optical Link Modul
Open License Plan/Program
One Laptop Per Child
Optimized Link State Routing (Protocol)
Optical Line Termination
On Line Trace Compression
On Line Transaction Processing
Open Look Window Manager
Object Manager
Old Man (Radioamateur)
Optimal Mismatch
Operation and Maintenance
Object/Open Management Architecture
Open Mobile Alliance/Architecture (Cabrio?)
One-key Message Authentication Code
Open Multimedia Applications Protocol
Operation and Maintenance Part
Operation and Maintenance Center
Operation and Maintenance Center Radio
Operation and Maintenance Center Switch
On-board Modul Extension
Object Management Facility/Framework
Object Module Format
Open Media Framework
Open Source Metadata Framework
Open Mosix File System
Object Management Group
Open Messaging/Modelling Interface
Open Microprocessor Systems Initiative
Object Manipulation Language
Optical Mark Recognition
Object management System
Object Modelling Technique
Operating and Maintenance User Part
Off-Network Access Line
Open Network Computing (Sun)
Open Network Compute Server
Open Net/Network Environment (Sun)
Operator Number Identification
Open Network Management
Open Network Management System
Open Network Node
Oh No, Not Again (Slang)
Oh No, Not This Again (Slang)
Open Network Provision
249
ONP
ONP
ONS
ONU
OO
OOA
OOC
OOC
OOD
OODBMS
OOE
OOF
OOI
OOI
OOIS
OOK
OOL
OON
OOP
OOP
OOPL
OOPS
OOPS
OOPS
OOPSLA
OOSA
OOT
OOTB
OOTC
OOXML
OPA
OPA
OPA
OPAC
OPAL
OPB
OPC
OPC
OPC
OPC
OPCAT
OPD
OPD
OPD
OPEN
OPI
OPI
OPIC
OPIE
OPL
OPM
OPM
OPM
OPML
OPN
OPP
OPS
Open Network Provision
Open Networking Platform
Object Naming/Numbering System
Optical Network Unit
Owner Override
Object Oriented (System) Analysis
Object Oriented Concepts
Out Of Characters (Slang)
Object Oriented Design
Object Oriented Database Management System
Objektorientierter Entwurf
Out Of Frame
Object Of Interest (Slang)
Object Oriented Implementation
Object Oriented Information System
On Off Keying
Object Oriented Language
Object Oriented Nonsens
Object Oriented Pleasure/Programming
Out Of Print (Slang)
Object Oriented Programming Language
Object Oriented Programming System
Objext Oriented Proxy Server
Out Of Phase Stereo
Object Orientied Programming Systems, Languages and Applications
Object-Oriented Software Architecture
Object Oriented Technology
Out Of The Box (Slang)
Obligatory On-Topic Comment (Slang)
Office OpenXML (Microsoft)
Old Programmers Association
Open Protocol Architecture
Overview Pac Attribute
Online Public Access Catalogue
Optische Anschlussleitung
On-Chip Peripheral Bus
OLE for Process Control
Optical Photo Conductor
Optical Proximity Correction
Output Control
Object Process CASE Tool
Oberpostdirektion
Original Point of Distribution
Output Driver
Optical Pan-European Network
Open Prepress Interface
Operator Interface
Open Programmable Interrupt Controller
Open Palmtop Integrated Environment
Open Publication License
Object Process Methodology
Operations Per Minute
Output Protection Management
Outline Processor Markup Language
Open Projects Network
Open Publication Policy
Online Programming and Simulation
250
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
OPS
OPSEC
OPT
OPTA
OPUS
OPUS
OPUS
OPX
OQL
OQPSK
OR
ORACLE
ORB
ORBL
ORDB
ORG
ORNL
OROM
ORP
ORS
ORS
ORSN
OS
OS
OSA
OSA
OSA
OSACA
OSADL
OSAF
OSBF
OSC
OSC
OSC
OSCAR
OSCAR
OSCI
OSD
OSD
OSD
OSD
OSDL
OSE
OSF
OSG
OSGI
OSI
OSI
OSIE
OSINLCP
OSITOP
OSL
OSL
OSM
OSM
OSNR
OSNR
Open Profiling Standard
Open Platform for Security
Open Protocol Technology
Onafhankelijke Post en Telecommunicatie Autoriteit (NL)
Octal Program Updating System
Online Publikationsverbund der Universität Stuttgart
Overlay Peer Utility Service
Off Premises Extension
Object Query Language
Offset Quadrature Phase Shift Keying
Operations Research
Optional Reception of Announcement by Coded Line Electronics
Object Request Broker
Open Relay Black List
Open Relay Data Base
organizational; Internet-Domain: Organisationen in den USA
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Optical Read Only Memory
Open Router Project
Open Relay Server
Output Record Separator
(European) Open Root Server Network
Operating System
Output Specification
Open Scripting/Services/Solutions/Storage/Systems Architecture
Open System Authentication
Optical Society of America
Open System Architecture for Controls within Automation Systems
Open Source Automation Development Laboratory
Origin Subarea Address Field
Open Source Business Foundation
On Scene Commander
Open System Center (IBM)
Operating System Command
Open System for Communication in Realtime
Orbiting Satellite Carrying Amateur Radio
Online Services Computer Interface
Object-based Storage Device
On Screen Display
Open Software Description (Format)
Open Source Definition
Open Source Development Lab/Labs, Oregon
Open Systems/Software Environment
Open Software Foundation
Open Science Grid
Open Services Gateway Initiative
Open Source Initiative
Open Systems Interconnect/Interconnection (ISO)
Open Systems Interconnection Environment
OSI Network Layer Control Protocol
Open Systems Interconnection Technical and Office Protocols
Object Script Language
Open Subscription License
On Screen Menue
Operating System Specific/Service Module
Optical Signal to Noise Ratio
Optical Signal to Noise Ratio
251
OSO
OSPF
OSPI
OSPM
OSQL
OSS
OSS
OSS
OSS
OSSO
OST
OSTA
OSTG
OSTM
OSTP
OSU
OSU
OSU
OSU
OSVS
OT
OT
OT
OT
OTA
OTA
OTD
OTDM
OTDR
OTF
OTF
OTG
OTI
OTIST
OTL
OTM
OTOH
OTP
OTP
OTR
OTRS
OTTH
OUI
OUM
OURS
OV
OVC
OVL
OVL
OVP
OVST
OVT
OWA
OWAMP
OWFS
OWG
OWL
Overscan Operation
Open Shortest Path First (Internet)
Operating System Programming Interface
Operating System Power Management
Object Structured Query Language
Object Storage Server
Open Sound System
Open Source Software/Solution
Operational/Operator Support System
Open Source Solutions Operation (HP)
Object Storage Target
Optical Storage Technology Association
Open Source Technology Group
Open System Transaction Management
Office of Science and Technology Policy
Officially Sanctionized User
Ohio/Oklahoma/Oregon/Oswego State University
On-orbit Serviceable Unit
Optical Scanning Unit
Operating System Virtual Storage
Object Technology
Off Topic (Slang)
Open Transport
Ordering Table
Over The Air
US Congress Office of Technology Assessment
Optical Time Division
Optical Time Division Multiplexer/Multiplexing
Optical Time Domain Reflectometer
Open Token Foundation
Open Type Font
(USB) On The Go
Original Transmitter Identification
One Touch Intelligent Secutity Technology
Out To Lunch (Slang)
On Time Marker
On The Other Hand (Slang)
One-Time Pad/Password/Programmable
Open Trading Protocol
One Touch Record/Recording
Open Ticket Request System
On The Third Hand (Slang)
Organizationally Unique Identifier
Ovonic Unified Memory
Open Users Recommended Solutions
Overflow
Over-Current Protection
Over-Load Protection
Overlay
Over-Voltage Protection
Ortsvermittlungsstelle
Over-Temperature Protextion
Outlook Web Access
One Way Active Measurement Protocol
Optical WORM File System
Optical Waveguide
Object/Open Windows Library
252
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
OWL
OWL
OWL
OWL
OWL
OWL
One World Language
Online Web Library
Open Wire Line
Operational Web Link
Oracle Web Listener
Web Ontology Language (sic!)
P
P
P2P
P2P
P3P
PA
PA
PA
PA
PA
PA
PAB
PABX
PAC
PAC
PAC
PAC
PAC
PACE
PACE
PACI
PACS
PACS
PACT
PACTOR
PACX
PAD
PAD
PAD
PADI
PADI
PADI
PADL
PADO
PADO
PADR
PADR
PADR
PADS
PADS
PADS
PADS
PADS
PADT
PAE
PAGSI
PAID
PAISY
PAISY
Packet, Personal, Power, Project, Protocol, Public
Polynomial time
Peer To Peer
Private To Private
Platform for Privacy/Private Preferences
Percentage of Allowable Aliasing Energy
Power Amplifier
Preamble
Program/Project Administrator
Provider Aggregated
Public Address (System)
Policy Advisory Body (Internet)
Private Access/Automatic Branch Exchange
PCI AGP Controler
Perceptual Audio Coding
Player Access Control
PPTP Access Concentrator
Privilege Attribute Certificate
Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe (PRACE)
Priority Access Control Enabled
Partnerships for Advanced Comptutational Infrastructure
Personal Access Communication System
Picture Archiving and Communications System
PBX and Computer Teaming
Packet Radio AMTOR
Private Automatic Computer Exchange
Packet Assembler and Dissassembler
Personal Aroma Diffusor
Personenauskunftsdatei
Packet Assembly Dissassembly
PPPoE Active Discovery Inititation
Protocol for Application Database Interface
Pattern Development Language
PADI Active Discovery
PPPoE Active Discovery Offer
PADO Active Discovery
Port A Data Register
PPPoE Active Discovery Request
Parallel And Distributed Systems
PPPoE Active Discovery Session(-confirmation)
Processing Arbitratry Data Streams
Processing of Analog and Digital Signals
Public Area Display System
PPPoE Active Discovery Terminate
Page/Physical Address Extension
Programme d’Action Gouvernemental pour la Societe de l’Information
Purchasing, Accepting, Invoicing, and Disbursing System
Payroll And Information System
Personalabrechnungs- und Informationssystem
253
PAK
PAK
PAL
PAL
PAL
PAL
PAL
PAL
PALC
PAM
PAM
PAM
PAM
PAMR
PAN
PANU
PAP
PAP
PAP
PAP
PAP
PAPR
PAR
PAR
PARC
PARISC
PARK
PARLE
PAS
PASS
PAT
PAT
PAT
PAT
PAT
PATA
PATC
PAX
PAX
PAX
PAX
PB
PB
PB
PB
PB
PB
PB
PB
PB
PBA
PBC
PBC
PBC
PBC
PBC
PBC
Packet (Arcnet)
Product Authorization Key
Paradox/Programming Application Language
Phase Alternating Line/Loop (TV)
Privileged Architecture Library (DEC)
Programmable Array Logic
Protocol Adaptation Layer
Prototype Access Language
Plasma Addressed Liquid Crystal (Display)
Personal Application Manager
Physical Access Method
Pluggable Authentication Module/Modules
Puls Amplitude Modulation
Public Access Mobile Radio
Personal Area Network/Networking (Profile)
Personal Area Network Unit
Password Authentication Protocol
Point Authorization Protocol
Printer Access Protocol
Programmablaufplan
Public Access Profile
Power Architecture Platform Reference
Positive Acknowledgement with Retransmission
Project Authorization Request (IEEE)
Palo Alto Research Center (Xerox)
Precision Architecture Reduced Instruction Set Computer
Public Access Rights Key
Parallel Architectures and Languages Europe
Publicly Available Specifications
Picture Archiving and Sharing Standard
Page Attribute Table
Performance Acceleration Technique (Intel)
Port Address Translation
Program Association Table
Public Access Terminal
Parallel ATA
Page Address Translation Cache
Parallel Architecture Extended
Pixel Addressing Extension
Portable Archive Exchange
Public Access Xanadu
Packet Bus
Page Break/Buffer/Builder
Pipeline/Pipelined Burst (cache)
PowerBook (Macintosh)
Printed Board
Program Block
Programs Branch
Public Broadcasting
Push Button
Printed Board Assembly
Peripheral Board Controller
Peripheral Bus Computer
Pipeline Burst Cache
Plain-text Block Chaining
Processor Bus Controller
Push-Button Configuration
254
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
PBDBM
PBDU
PBE
PBGA
PBM
PBM
PBM
PBM
PBN
PBNAC
PBNSC
PBO
PBO
PBO
PBO
PBO
PBO
PBO
PBOS
PBOS
PBP
PBU
PBX
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PC
PCA
PCA
PCA
PCA
PCB
PCB
PCBC
PCC
PCC
PCC
PCCH
PCD
PCD
PCD
PCD
PCDATA
PCE
PCF
PCF
PCF
PCF
PCH
PCI
PCI
PCI
PCI
PCI
PCIDSS
Peripheral Backup Detailed Billing Control Element
Protocol Bridge Data Unit
Prompt By Example
Plastic Ball Grid Array
Pipelined Burst Mode
Port Bypass Module
Portable Bitmap
Position Based Multicast
Packet Based Network
Port Based Network Access Control
Peripheral Backup NSC Control Element
Paperless Business Office
Pixel Buffer Object
Port Based Object
Power Back Off
Process Before Output
Profiler Binary Output
Pseudo Boolean Optimization
Processed Book Open Source
Processed Book Operating System
Peer Binding Protocol
Page Buffer Unit
Private Branch Exchange
Path Consistency/Control
Personal Computer
Pervasive Computing
Primary Channel
Program Counter
Programmable Controller
Parallel Channel Adapter
Personal Client Architecture
Policy Certification Authority
Principal Component Analysis
Printed Circuit Board
Program Control Block
Propagating Cipher Block Chaining
Papas Computer-Club
Peoples’ Computer Company
Portable C Compiler
Physical Control Channel
Photo Compact Disc
Plasma Coupled Device
POSIX Conformance Document
Protein Coated Disc
Parsed Character Data
Phase Change Erasable
Packaged Collaboration File
Parallel Computing Forum
Point Coordination Function
Portable Compiled Font
Paging Channel
Payment Card Industry
Peripheral Component/Controller Interface
Peripheral Component Interconnect (Bus)
Programmable Communication Interface
Protocol Control Information
Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard
255
PCIE
PCIOS
PCIPIO
PCL
PCL
PCLAN
PCM
PCM
PCM
PCMCIA
PCN
PCNFS
PCP
PCP
PCR
PCR
PCRAM
PCRE
PCS
PCS
PCS
PCS
PCS
PCS
PCS
PCS
PCS
PCS
PCSA
PCSC
PCSC
PCSC
PCSC
PCSC
PCSP
PCT
PCTE
PCTS
PCTT
PCWG
PD
PD
PD
PD
PD
PDA
PDA
PDAP
PDB
PDB
PDB
PDC
PDC
PDC
PDC
PDCH
PDD
Peripheral Component Interconnect Express (Bus)
Processor Common Input Output System
PCI Programmable Input/Output
Primary Copy Locking
Printer/Procedure/Process Control Language
Personal Computer Local Area Network
Physical Connection Management
Plug Compatible Machine
Puls-Code-Modulation
PC Memory Card International Association
Personal Communication Network
Personal Computer Network File System
Post’s Correspondence Problem
Probabistically Checkable Proof
Peak Cell Rate
Phase Change Recording
Phase Change Random Access Memory
Perl Compatible Regular Expression
PC Service (OSF)
Personal Communication Services/System
Personal Conferencing Specification
Physical Coding Signalling/Sublayer
Pinball Construction Set
Port Concentrator Shelf
Print Contrast Signal
Probabilistic Clock Synchronization
Program Control System
Project Control System
Personal Computing Systems Architecture (DEC)
Personal Computer Site Coordinator
Personal Computer Smart/Sound Card
Personal Computer/Computing Support Center
Personal Communications Switching Center
Pitch Corrected Speed Control
Partial Constraint Satisfaction Problem
Private Communication Technology
Portable Common Tool Environment
POSIX Conformance Test Suite
Physical Church Turing Thesis
Personal Conferencing Work Group
Page Directory
Phase Change Dual
Plug + Display, P+D (Interface)
Protocol Driver
Public Domain
Personal Digital Assistant (Apple)
Push Down Automaton
Prospero Data Access Protocol
Process Data Base
Professional Disc for Broadcasting
Protection Database
Power Disc Cartridge
Primary Domain Controller
Professional Developer Conference
Program Development Computer/Council
Physical Data Channel
Physical Device Driver
256
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
PDD
PDD
PDE
PDES
PDF
PDF
PDF
PDF
PDF
PDH
PDI
PDI
PDIAL
PDIF
PDL
PDL
PDL
PDL
PDLC
PDM
PDM
PDM
PDM
PDN
PDO
PDO
PDO
PDP
PDP
PDP
PDP
PDP
PDP
PDQ
PDR
PDR
PDS
PDS
PDS
PDS
PDS
PDS
PDSL
PDSS
PDT
PDT
PDT
PDT
PDTE
PDU
PDV
PE
PE
PE
PE
PE
PE
Portable Digital Document
Professional Disc for Data
Partial Differential Equation
Product Data Exchange Standard
POP Directional Formatting
Portable Document Format (Adobe)
Printer/Product Description File
Processor Defined Function
Program Development Facility
Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
Packet Driver Interface
Personal/Product Data Interchange
Public Dialup Internet Access List
Product Definition Interchange Format
Page Description Language
Primary Defect List
Program Design/Description Language
Push Down List
Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystal
Product and Document Management
Product Data Management
Projekt- und Datenmanagement
Pulsdauer-Modulation
Public Data Network
Packet Data Optimized
Portable Distributed Object
Prozessdatenobjekt
Packet Data Protocol
Parallel Distributed Processing
Peer Dicovery Protocol
Plasma Display Panel
Policy Decision Point
Programmed Data Processor (DEC)
Pretty Darned Quick (Slang)
Packet Drop Rate
Program Data Requirement
Packet Driver Specification
Partitioned Data Set
Processor Direct Slot (Apple)
Professional Development System
Program Design Specification
Public Domain Software
Power Line Digital Subscriber Line
Program/Post Development Support System
Portables Daten-Terminal
Programmable Drive Table
Produktionsdatentechnik
Propagation Delay Time
Packet-mode DTE
Packet/Protocol Data Unit (OSI)
Path Delay Value
Parity Error
Periphere Einrichtung
Phase Encoded/Encoding
Physical Extent
Processing Element
Product/Professional/Project Engineer
257
PE
PE
PE
PEA
PEAP
PEARL
PEB
PEB
PEBKAC
PEC
PECL
PEG
PEL
PEM
PEM
PEN
PEP
PEP
PEP
PEP
PEP
PEP
PEP
PER
PERL
PERM
PERT
PES
PES
PES
PES
PET
PET
PEX
PF
PF
PF
PFA
PFA
PFB
PFC
PFD
PFF
PFIR
PFM
PFM
PFN
PFOS
PFR
PFR
PFS
PFS
PFS
PFTP
PFTP
PFW
PFY
Protected Environment
Protective Earth
Provider Edge (device)
Pocket Ethernet Adapter
Protected Extensible Authentication Protocol
Process and Experiment Automation Realtime Language
Peripheral Extension Bus
Process Environment Block
Problem Exists Between Keyboard And Chair (Slang)
Packet Error Checking
PHP Extension Code Libary
PCI Express for Graphics
Picture Element
Privacy Enhanced Mail
Privacy Enhancement for Electronic Mail
Private Enterprise Number
Packet Exchange Protocol
Packetized Ensemble Protocol
Pan European Paging
Peak Envelope Power
Point d’Echange de Proximite
Policy Enforcement Point
Protocol Extension Protocol
Packet Error Rate
Practical Extraction and Report Language
Programmgesteuerte Elektronische Rechenanlage TH München
Program Evaluation and Review Technique
Packetized Elementary Stream
Position/Positioning Error Signal
Processor Enhancement Socket
Proposed Encryption Standard
Personal Electronic Transactor (Commodore)
Print Enhancement Technology
PHIGS Extension to X
Packet Filter
Process Flow (Analysis, Diagram)
Punch Off
Power FORTRAN Accelerator
Predictive Failure Analysis
Postscript Font Binary
Power Factor Compensation/Correction
Programming Facility for Display Users
Packet Filtering Firewall
People For Internet Responsibility
Postscript Font Metric
Pure Fantastic Magic (Slang)
Physical File Name
Passive Fiber Optic Segment
Portable Font Resource
Power Fail Restart
Perfect Forward Secrecy
Portable File System
Professional File system (Amiga)
Passive FTP
Port File Transfer Program
Personal Firewall
Pimply-Faced Youth (BOFH’s assistant)
258
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
PG
PG
PGA
PGA
PGA
PGC
PGE
PGI
PGL
PGL
PGM
PGM
PGML
PGO
PGN
PGP
PH
PH
PHB
PHCB
PHIGS
PHOTON
PHP
PHP
PHS
PHY
PHY
PI
PI
PI
PI
PI
PI
PIA
PIA
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PIC
PICA
PICMG
PICS
PICS
PICS
PID
PID
PID
PIE
PIE
PIF
PIF
PIF
PIFS
Program/Programme
Project Gutenberg
Pin Grid Array
Professional Graphics Adapter
Program Global Area
Program Chain
PTE Global Flag
Parameter Group Identifier
Peer Group Leader
Professional Games League
Portable Gray Map
Pragmatic General Multicast (protocol)
Precision Graphics Markup Language
Profile Guided Optimization
Portable Game Notation
Pretty Good Privacy/Piracy/Protection
Packet Handler
Polynomial Hierarchy
Per Hop Behaviour
Page Header Control Bit
Programmers Hierarchical Interactive Graphics System
Paneuropean Photonic Transport Overlay Network
Personal Home Page (Tools)
PHP Hypertext Preprocessor
Personal Handy-Phone System
Physical Access
Physical Layer Protocol
Page Impression
Parameter Identifier
Partial Interchangeability
Profibus International
Program Identification/Interruption
Protection Index
Peripheral Interface Adapter
Privacy Impact Assessment
Picture File
Platform for Internet Content
Position Independent Code
Primary Interexchange Carrier
Priority/Programmable Interrupt Controller
Programmable Integrated Circuit
Programmable Interconnection
Programmable Interrupt Controller
Personal Internet Client Architecture
PCI Industrial Computers Manufacturers Group
Platform for Internet Content Selection
Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement
Protocol Interoperability Conformance Statment
Persistant/Personal/Protocol Identifier
Privater Informationsdienst
Process/Protocol Identifier (Identification Number)
Persistent Identification Element
Position Independent Executable
Parity Inner Fails/Failures
Postscript Interchange Format
Program Information File (Microsoft)
Point Coordination/PCF Inter Frame Space
259
PIG
PII
PIK
PIL
PIM
PIM
PIM
PIM
PIMF
PIMS
PIN
PIN
PIN
PINET
PING
PINT
PINT
PINX
PIO
PIOFS
PIP
PIP
PIP
PIP
PIP
PIP
PIP
PIPI
PIPO
PIR
PIR
PIS
PIS
PISS
PIT
PITA
PITAC
PITR
PIU
PIU
PIW
PIXEL
PIXIT
PJL
PK
PKC
PKCS
PKI
PKI
PKV
PKZ
PL
PL
PL
PL
PL
PLA
Pathologischer Internet-Gebrauch
Personally Identifiable Information
Programmer’s Imaging Kernel
Python Imaging Library
Personal Information Manager/Management
Port Interface Module
Processor In Memory
Protocol Independent Multicasting
Pair In Metal Foil (cable)
Project Information Management System
Persönliche Identifikations-Nummer
Processor Independent NetWare
Program Item Number
Physics Information Network
Packet Internet Groper
Phone IP Internetworking (Services)
PSTN and Internet Internetworking
Private Integrated Services Network Exchange
Parallel/Programmable/Programmed Input/Output (Chip)
Parallel I/O File System
P-Internet-Protocol
Path Independent Protocol
Peer Information Protocol
Periodical Informational Posting
Peripheral Interchange Program
Picture in Picture
Process Improvement Proposal
Packet Interchange Protocol Instruction
Parallel In, Parallel Out
Private Information Retrieval
Public Internet Registry
Personal-Informations-System
Premium Information Service
Public Information System Specialist
Programmable Interval Timer
Pine In The Ass (Slang)
President’s Information Technology Advisory Committee
Point-In-Time Recovery
Path Information Unit
Pathological Internet Use
Photo Imaging Workstation
Picture Element
Protocol Implementation Extra Informations for Testing
Printer Job Language
Primary Key
Public Key Cryptography
Public Key Cryptography Standards (Group)
Philips Kommunikationsindustrie AG
Personal/Public Key Infrastructure
Privatkundenvertrieb (Telekom)
Personenkennziffer
Payload Length
Physical Layer
Presentation Layer
Private Line
Programming Language
Partial Look Ahead
260
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
PLA
PLATO
PLB
PLB
PLC
PLC
PLC
PLC
PLCC
PLCE
PLCP
PLD
PLE
PLEDM
PLIC
PLID
PLIP
PLL
PLL
PLM
PLM
PLMN
PLP
PLP
PLP
PLP
PLP
PLR
PLS
PLS
PLSI
PLT
PLT
PLUMPS
PLV
PLZ
PM
PM
PM
PM
PM
PM
PM
PM
PM
PMA
PMA
PMA
PMA
PMAC
PMAC
PMAP
PMC
PMC
PMD
PMD
PMD
Programmable Logic Array
Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations
Personal Locator Beacon
Processor Local Bus
Packet Loss Concealment
Power Line Communication/Converter
Product Lifecycle (Management)
Programmable Logic Controller
Plastic Leadless Chip Carrier
Peripheral and Loading Control Element
Physical Layer Convergence Protocol
Programmable Logic Device
Programmable Logic Element
Phase-state Low Electron Drive Memory
Programmable Logic Integrated Circuit
Plugin Identifier
Parallel Line Internet Protocol
Permanent Logical Link
Phase Locked Loop
Product Lifecycle Management
Programming Language for Microcomputers
Public Land Mobile Network
Packet Layer Protocol
Perl Page
Personal License Password
Portable Line Printer (spooler system)
Presentation Level Protocol
Packet Lost Ratio
Physical Layer Signaling
Programmable Logic Sequencer
Programmable Large Scale Integration
Power Line Telecommunication
Procedure Linkage Table
Public Long-distance Unified Mail Provider Service/System
Presentation/Production Level Video
Postleitzahl
Performance Management
Phasenmodulation
Physical Modeling
Power Management
Presentation Manager (IBM)
Preventive Maintenance
Private Mail
Problem/Process/Project Management
Protected Mode
Parked Member Addressing (Bluetooth)
Performance Management and Accounting
Physical Medium Attachment
Program Area
Parallelizable Message Authentication Code
Programmable Multi Axis Controller
Port Mapper
Physical Media Components Sublayer
Programmable Machine Controller
Packet Mode Data
Physical Medium Dependence/Dependent (Layer)
Polarization Mode Dispersion
261
PME
PME
PMETC
PMFJIB
PMI
PMK
PML
PMMU
PMOS
PMP
PMP
PMP
PMPO
PMR
PMR
PMS
PMS
PMS
PMT
PMTMR
PMTU
PMW
PMX
PMXAS
PN
PN
PN
PNA
PNA
PNC
PNCP
PND
PND
PNG
PNNI
PNO
PNO
PNP
PNP
PNR
PNS
PNS
PNW
PO
POA
POB
POC
POC
POC
POC
POC
POC
POC
POC
POC
POC
POC
Pattern Matching Engine
Power Management Event
Pardon Me, etc. (Slang)
Pardon Me For Jumping In But (Slang)
Product Manufacturing Information
Pairwise Master Key
Programmable Macro Logic
Paged Memory Management Unit
p-Channel MOS (Transistor)
Point to Multi Point
Process Management Portal
Protected Media Path
Peak Music Power Output
Perpendicular Magnetic Recording
Private Mobile Radio
Pantone Matching System (Colours)
Password Management System
Printer Management Software
Program Map Table
Power Management Timer
Path Maximum Transfer Unit
Project Manager Workbench
Presentation Manager for X
Primär-Multiplex-Anschluss (ISDN)
Part/Path Number
Phase Noise
Punch On
Parallel Network Architecture
Personal Navigation Assistant
Paging Network Controller
Peripheral Network Control Point
Personennamendatei
Portable Navigation Device
Portable Network Graphic
Private Network/Node to Network Interface
Profibus-Nutzer Organisation
Public Network Operator
Positive Negative Positive (Transistor)
Plug and Play/Pray
Passenger Name Record
Post’s Normal System
PPTP Network Server
Personal NetWare (Novell)
Paper Out, Parity Odd
Post Office Agent
Post Office Box
Phase-only Correlation
Planned Organizational Change
Point Of Call/Communication/Consistency/Contact
Policy Oversight Committee (Internet)
Portable Object Compiler
Post Operative Constipation
Power Converter
Processor Outage Control
Proof Of Concept
Purchase Order Change
Push-to-Talk Over Cellular (Phone)
262
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
POCE
POCSAG
POD
POD
POD
POD
POD
POD
POD
POD
POD
PODA
POE
POE
POEM
POET
POET
POF
POF
POH
POH
POI
POI
POL
POL
POM
POM
PON
POP
POP
POP
POPO
POPS
POR
POR
POS
POS
POS
POS
POSE
POSI
POSIX
POST
POT
POTS
POV
POV
POWER
PP
PP
PP
PP
PP
PPA
PPB
PPC
PPC
Pantone Open Color Environment
Post Office Standardisation Advisory Group
Piece Of Data
Ping Of Death
Plain Old Data/Documentation
Point Of Demarcation/Deployment/Distribution
Pop-up Directory
Print/Printing/Publishing On Demand
Processing Of Data
Project Overview Document
Protocol Object Device
Priority-Oriented Demand Assignment
Power Open Environment (IBM)
Power Over Ethernet
Portable Object-oriented Entity Manager
Persistent Objects and Extended Database Technology
Partially Overlapped Echo Cancelled Transmission
Parity Outer Fails/Failures
Plastic/Polymer Optical Fiber
Path Section Overhead
Power-on Hours
Path Overhead Indicator
Point Of Information/Interaction/Interconnection/Interest
Point of Learning
Problem Oriented Language
Persistant Object Manager
Project Object Model
Passive Optical Network
Point of Presence/Purchase
Post Office Protocol (Internet)
Probability Of Plagiarism
Post Office Protocol Object/Operator
Performance Optimized Page Size
Pacific Ocean Region
Power-on Reset
Persistant Object Service/Simple
Personal Operating Space
Pivoting Optical Servo
Point of Sale
Portable Operating System Extension
Promotion Conference for OSI, Japan
Portable Operating System Interface for Computer Systems/UNIX
Power-on Self Test
Portable Object Template/Translation
Plain Old Telephone Service/System
Persistence Of Vision
Point Of View (Slang)
Performance Optimization/Optimized With Enhanced RISC (IBM/Motorola)
Peering Point
Physical Partition
Portable Part
Predictive Pipelining
Protection Profile
Print Performance Architecture (HP)
Paced Packet Batch
Pay Per Click
Personal Productivity Center
263
PPC
PPC
PPC
PPCS
PPD
PPDS
PPF
PPF
PPGA
PPH
PPI
PPI
PPID
PPL
PPM
PPM
PPM
PPM
PPM
PPM
PPM
PPM
PPN
PPP
PPPOE
PPRC
PPS
PPS
PPS
PPS
PPS
PPTP
PPU
PPUC
PQET
PQN
PR
PR
PR
PR
PR
PR
PR
PRA
PRA
PRACE
PRAM
PRCS
PRD
PRDMD
PRE
PREP
PRF
PRI
PRIG
PRISM
PRISM
Physical Presence Command
Power PC
Production Planning and Control
Phoenix Page Control System
Postscript Printer Description (Adobe)
Personal Printer Data Stream
Plain Paper Fax
Print Production Format
Platic Pin Grid Array
Pages per Hour
pixels per inch
Programmable Peripheral Interface
Parent Process Identification Number
Point-to-Point/Process-to-Process Link
Parts per Mille
Pages per Minute
Perl Package Manager
Portable Pixmap
Post Programmable Memory
Prediction by Partial Matching
Process Performance Manager
Pulse Position Modulation
Private Packet Network
Point-to-Point Protocol (Internet)
Point-to-Point Protocol Over Ethernet
Peer-to-Peer Remote Copy
Point of Presence Server
Precise Positioning Service/System
Production Planning System
Programming Procedures and Standards
Pulse Per Second
Point to Point Tunneling Protocol
Physics Processing Unit
Probably Permanently Under Construction (Web, Slang)
Print Quality Enhancement Technology
Prefix Query Notation
Pacing Response
Packet Radio
Page Rank
Path Replacement
Perpendicular Recording
Primitive Recursive (function)
Public Relations
Primary Rate Access
Purported Responsible Address
Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe (PACE)
Parallel/Perimeter/Phase Change Random Access Memory
Project Revision Control System
Program Requirements Document
Private Directory Management Domain
Partial Redundancy Elimination
PowerPC Reference Platform
Pulse Repetition Frequency
Primary Rate Interface (ISDN)
Packet Radio Interest Group
Parallel Reduced Instruction Set Multiprocessor
Publishing Requirements for Industry Standard Metadata
264
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
PRMD
PRML
PRMS
PRN
PRN
PRN
PRN
PRNET
PRNG
PRO
PROFS
PROLOG
PROM
PRP
PRQ
PRS
PRTI
PS
PS
PS
PS
PS
PS
PS
PS
PSA
PSABI
PSAP
PSB
PSC
PSC
PSC
PSC
PSCN
PSCT
PSD
PSD
PSD
PSD
PSDS
PSDN
PSE
PSE
PSE
PSE
PSE
PSE
PSF
PSF
PSFQ
PSI
PSI
PSK
PSK
PSL
PSN
PSN
Private Management Domain (X.400)
Partial Response Maximum Likelihood
Problem Report Management System
Packet Radio Network
Permanent/Pseudo Random Number
Printer
Pseudo Random Noise (GPS)
Packet Radio Network
Pseudo Random Number Generator
Precision RISC Organization
Professional Office System (IBM)
Programming in Logic
Programmable Read Only Memory
Peer Resolver Protocol
Preisrequest
Print Management Service (OSF)
Professional Realtime Interface
Packet Switch
Personal System (IBM)
(Adobe) PostScript
Power Supply
Privilege Service
Program Service Name
Program Stream
Proportional Spacing
Physical Sector Address
Processor Specific Application Binary Interface
Public Safety Answering Point
Path State Block
Physical Signaling Components Sublayer
Pittsburgh Supercomputer Center
Print Scan Copy
Product Service Center
Program Support Communications Network
Polymer Stabilized Cholesteric Texture (Display)
Page Setup Dialogue
Platform Specific Driver
Power Saving Drive
Power Spectral/Spectrum Density
Power Spectral/Spectrum Density Shaping
Packet/Public Switched/Switching Data/Digital Network
Packet Switching Exchange
Page Size Extension
Path Switching Element
Personal Security Environment
Personen-Such-Einrichtung
Port Switched Ethernet
PC Screen Font
Permanent Swap File
Pump Slowly, Fetch Quickly
Packetnet System Interface
Postscript Interpreter
Phase Shift Keying
Pre-Shared Key
Problem Statement Language
Packet Switch Node
Processor Serial Number
265
PSNR
PSO
PSP
PSP
PSP
PSP
PSP
PSP
PSPDN
PSR
PSR
PSR
PSR
PSR
PSR
PSR
PSR
PSR
PSRAM
PSS
PSSC
PST
PSTN
PSU
PSU
PSW
PSYC
PT
PT
PT
PTAL
PTB
PTBR
PTBT
PTBT
PTD
PTE
PTF
PTF
PTI
PTMP
PTMSC
PTN
PTO
PTO
PTO
PTP
PTR
PTS
PTS
PTS
PTSE
PTT
PTT
PTY
PTZ
PU
Peak Signal to Noise Ratio
Protocol Supporting Organization
(Corel) Paint Shop Pro
Pascal/Python Server Pages
Personal Software Process
Program Segment Prefix
Programmable Signal Processor
Projektstrukturplan
Packet Switched Public Data Network
Parallel/Processor/Project Software
Phase Shift Resistivity
Physical Storage Resource
Power/Processor/Program State/Status Register
Prescaler Select Register
Priority Service Request
Program Support Requirements
Programmable Scanner
Project Status Report
Pseudo Static Random Access Memory
Private Signalling System
Preliminary System Security Concept
Pre-Structured Technology
Public Switched/Switching Telephone Network
Page Storage Unit
Power Supply Unit
Program Status Word
Protocol for Synchronous Conferencing
Packet/Payload Type
Page Table
Payload Type
Payment Transaction Application Layer
Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig
Page Table Base Register
Prime Times, Bad Times
Probabilistic Timed Behaviour Tree
Parallel Transfer Disk Drive
Page Table Entry
Program Temporary Fix
Pthread Framework
Payload Type Identifier/Indicator
Point To Multi Point (Connection)
Point To Multipoint Service Centre
Plant Test Number
Patent and Trademark Office, USA
Please Turn Over (Slang)
Public Telecommunication Network Operator
Point To Point (Connection)
Pointer Record (DNS)
Post- och Telestyrelsen
Presentation Time Stamp
Problem Tracking System
PNNI Topology State Element
Post, Telephon, Telegraph
Push To Talk (key)
Program Type
Posttechnisches Zentralamt, Darmstadt
Physical/Processing Unit
266
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
PUC
PUI
PUK
PUL
PUMA
PUO
PUP
PUP
PUPA
PUPM
PUPS
PURL
PUS
PUS
PV
PV
PVA
PVC
PVFS
PVM
PVN
PVP
PVR
PVR
PVR
PVRA
PVS
PVS
PVT
PVV
PW
PWB
PWB
PWI
PWL
PWM
PWP
PWR
PWS
PWSCS
PXE
PXI
PXISA
PZF
PZM
PZP
Public Utility Commission
Picoscopic User Interface
Personal Unblocking Key
Packet Underway Limit
Protected User-Mode Audio
Prohibited User Operation
PARC Universal Packet (Protocol)
Product Upgrade
Preliminary Universal Programming Architexture (for GRUB)
Price per User Per Month
PDP UNIX Preservation Society
Persistent Uniform Resource Locator
Potenziell unerwünschte (unwanted) Software
Processor Upgrade Socket
paketvermittelt
Physical Volume
Patterned Vertical Alignment (panel)
Permanent Virtual Channel/Circuit/Connection
Parallel Virtual File System
Parallel/Passthru Virtual Machine (IBM)
Private/Programmable Virtual Network
Protected Video Path
Permanent Virtual Route
Personal Video Recorder
Physical Volume Repository
Physical Volume Reserved Area
Potentially Visible Set
Professional Vision Services
Position, Velocity, Time (GPS)
Path Variability Value
Pseudo Wire
Printed Wire Board
Programmer’s Workbench
Public Windows Initiative/Interface
Password List
Pulse Width Modulation, Pulsweitenmodulation
Phase Wobble Prepit
Power (Saft)
Personal Workstation
Programmable Workstation Communication Services
Preboot Execution Environment
PCI Extension for Instrumentation
PXI Systems Alliance
Pseudozufallsfolge
Punkt-zu-Mehrpunkt (-Verbindung, ISDN)
Punkt-zu-Punkt (-Verbindung, ISDN)
Q
QA
QA
QA
QAM
QARE
QAWN
QBE
QBF
Quality, Query, Queue
Quality Assurance/Audit
Query Analyser
Questions and Answers, Q&A
Quadraturamplitudenmodulation
Quick Agent Runtime Environment
QoS in Ad hoc Wireless Networks
Query By Example
Query By Forms
267
QBIC
QBM
QCA
QCB
QCIF
QD
QDL
QDR
QES
QFA
QFD
QFP
QFP
QFT
QIAM
QIC
QIC
QID
QISAM
QL
QLLC
QLP
QM
QMF
QMR
QMS
QMTP
QNN
QOS
QPI
QPL
QPL
QPSK
QRI
QRSS
QS
QSA
QSAM
QSDPCM
QSIG
QSIG
QSMTP
QSND
QST
QST
QST
QST
QST
QTAM
QTD
QTML
QUED
QUIP
QUISAM
QWERTY
QWERTZ
QXML
Query by Image Content
Quad Band Memory
Quantum-dot Cellular Automaton
Queue Control Block
Quarter Common Intermediate Format
Quad Density, Quick Disconnection
Quadri Data Layer
Quad Data Rate
Qualifizierte elektronische Signatur
Quick File Access
Quality Function Deployment
Quadratic Flatpack
Questions Frequent/Frequemment Posees
Queued File Transport
Queued Indexed Access Method
Quality Insurance Chain
Quarter Inch Cartridge/Committee
Quanteninformationsdynamik
Queued Index Sequential Access Method
Query Language
Qualified Logical Link Control
Query Language Processor
Quality Management
Query Management Facility
Quarterly Maintenance Release
Quality Management System
Quick Mail Transfer Protocol
Quantum Neural Network
Quality of Service
QuickPath Interconnect/Interface
Q Public License (Trolltech)
Quantum/Questionaire Programming Language
Quadrature/Quaternary Phase Shift Keying
Queue Response Indicator
Quasi Random Signal Source
Qualitätssicherung
Qt Script for Applications
Queued Sequential Access Method
Quadtree-strukturierte Differenz-Puls-Code-Modulation
Quersignalisierung
Unified International Corporate Network Signalling Standard
Queued SMTP
Queue Send (command)
Calling All Stations (not an acronym)
Qualified Software Tester
Qualitäts- und Sicherheitstechnik
Quick Start Tutorial
Quiet System Technology (Intel)
Queued Teleprocessing Access Method
Quote of The Day
Quicktime Media Layer
Quick Editor
Query Interactive Processor
Queued Index Sequential Access Method
(US Typewriter Layout)
(German Typewriter Layout)
QuarkXPress Markup Language
268
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
R
RA
RA
RA
RA
RA
RA
RA
RAB
RAC
RAC
RAC
RACE
RACE
RACF
RACH
RACKS
RACON
RAD
RADAR
RADB
RADIUS
RADSL
RAEBNC
RAG
RAI
RAID
RAK
RAL
RALU
RAM
RAM
RAM
RAMDAC
RAMP
RAMPS
RAND
RAO
RAOLSR
RAP
RAP
RAP
RAP
RAP
RAR
RARE
RARP
RAS
RAS
RAS
RAS
RAS
RASMED
RAST
RASUM
Radio, Real, Receive, Reference, Remote
Radiocommunications Agency
Random Availability
Receiver Address
Regulärer Ausdruck
Repository Access
Return Authorization
Router Advertisement
RAID Advisory Board
Radio Amateurs of/du Canada
Real Application Cluster (Oracle)
Remote Access Concentrator
Research And Development in Advanced Communication Technologies in Europe
Row-based ASCII Compatible Encoding
Resource Access Control Facility (IBM)
Random Access Channel
Reusable Application Interface for Communicating Real-Time Kernels
Radar Beacon
Rapid Application Development
Radio Detecting and Ranging
Routing Arbiter Data Base
Remote Access/Authentication Dial-In User Service
Rate Adaptive Digital Subscriber Line
Read And Enjoyed, But No Comment (Slang)
Row Address Generator
Remote Alarm Indication
Redundant Array of Inexpensive/Independent Discs
Regeln für die alphabetische Katalogisierung
Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, UK
Register Arithmetic Logic Unit
Random Access Machine/Memory
Rate Adaptive Mode
Rechargeable Alcali Mangan (battery)
Random Access Memory Digital Analog Converter
Remote Access Maintenance Protocol
Reliability, Availability, Manageability, Performance, Serviceability
Reasonable and Non-Discriminatory (License)
Remote Access Outsourcing
Radio Aware Optimized Link State Routing
Radio Local Loop Access Profile
Rapid Application Prototyping
Rogue Access Point
Route Access Protocol
Roving Analysis Port
Roshal Archiver
Reseaux Associes pour la Recherche Europeenne
Reverse Address Resolution Protocol (Internet)
Random Access Storage
Registration, Admission, and Status
Reliability, Availability and Serviceability
Remote Access Server/Service
Row Address Select/Strobe
Redundant Array of Slightly More Expensive Disks
Receive and Send Terminal
Reliability, Availability, Serviceability, Usability, Manageability
269
RATP
RATS
RATS
RAVE
RAW
RBAC
RBAM
RBBS
RBER
RBL
RBM
RBOC
RBS
RBW
RBW
RBW
RC
RC
RC
RC
RC
RC
RC
RC
RCA
RCA
RCB
RCC
RCC
RCC
RCC
RCC
RCD
RCDATA
RCE
RCE
RCEVH
RCF
RCLK
RCP
RCP
RCP
RCS
RCS
RCS
RCS
RCU
RCV
RD
RD
RD
RD
RD
R&D
RDA
RDAT
RDB
Reliable Asychronous Transfer Protocol (Internet)
Radio Amateur Telecommunications Society
Rough Auditing Tool for Security
Renderer Acceleration Virtual Machine
Read After Write
Role Based Access Control
Remote Batch Access Method
Remote Bulletin Board System
Residual Bit Error Rate
Realtime/Remote Black/Blackhole List
Rule Base Memory
Regional Bell Operating Company
Reference Broadcast Synchronization
Resolution Bandwidth
Reverse Band Working
Roll Back Version
Reaction Controller
Receive Common
Receiver Clock
Reconfigurable Computing
Release Candidate/Critical
Replica Catalog
Rivest Cipher
Run Command
Radio Corporation of Amerika, USA
Ripple Carry Adder
Release Critical Bug
Radio Common Carrier
Reduced Complexity Computer
Remote Cluster Controller
Rescue Coordination Centre
Routing Control Center/Channel
Recordable Compact Disc
Replaceable Character Data
Region Code Enhancement
Revision Control Engine
Research Centre for the Education of the Visually Handicapped
Registration Confirmation
Rack Clock
Radio Control Protocol
Reality Immersion Coprocessor
Retransmission Control Procedure
Record Communication Switching System
Resource Construction Set
Revision Control System
Rights Control System
Read, Copy, Update
Receive
Receive Data
Recursive Design
Request Disconnect
Resource Discovery
Route Distinguisher
Research and Development
Remote Data/Database Access
Rotary Digital Audio Tape
Receive Data Buffer
270
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
RDB
RDBMS
RDC
RDCCG
RDD
RDE
RDF
RDH
RDL
RDMA
RDN
RDO
RDOS
RDP
RDP
RDR
RDRAM
RDRN
RDS
RDS
RDS
RDS
RDSL
RDSR
RDSS
RDST
RDTSC
RE
RE
RE
RE
RE
REACH
READSL2
RED
REG
REGTP
REJ
REKO
REL
REM
REM
REM
REM
REO
REP
REP
REQ
RES
RES
RES
RES
REST
RESV
RET
REXX
RF
Relational Database
Relationales Datenbank-Management-System
Remote Dual Copy
Regional Data and Computing Center Germany, Karlsruhe
Replaceable Database Driver
Ruby Development Environment
Resource Definition/Description Format/Framework
RSA DES Hybrid
Register Description Language
Remote Direct Memory Access
Relative Distinguished Name
Remote Data Object
Real-time Disk Operating System
Reliable Datagram Protocol (Internet)
Remote Desktop Protocol
Rijksdienst voor Radiocommunicatie
Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory
Rapidly Deployable Radio Network
Radio Data System
Rapid Development System
Remote Data Services
Resolver Discovery Service
Rate-adaptive/Residential/Reverse Digital Subscriber Line
Receiver Data Service Request
Radio Determination Satellite Services
Rotating Head Digital Storage Tape
Read Time Stamp Counter
Recall
Regular Expression
Report Engine
Recursively Enumerable
Reverse Engineering
Registration, Evaluation, and Authorization of Chemicals
Reach Enhanced ADSL2
Random Early Detection
Regular Languages
Regulierungsbehörde für Telekommunikation und Post
Reject
Reparatur-Konzept (Swisscom)
Rights Expression Language
Remark
Remote
Reseau d’Enseignement Multimedia
Ring Error Monitor
Removable Erasable Optical Disk
Reply to Message Number
Robots Exclusion Protocol
Request
Radio Equipment and Systems
Remote Execution Server/Service
Reset, Restore
Rotation Error Signal
Representational State Transfer
RSVP Reservation Request
Resolution Enhancement Technology (HP)
Restructured Extended Executor (IBM)
Radio Frequency
271
RF
RF
RF
RFA
RFA
RFB
RFC
RFC
RFC
RFD
RFE
RFE
RFH
RFI
RFI
RFID
RFLA
RFNM
RFP
RFP
RFP
RFQ
RFS
RFS
RFT
RFT
RFU
RG
RGB
RGBA
RGDI
RGP
RG/U
RH
RH
RHAD
RHC
RHCE
RHCS
RHEL
RHN
RHNT
RHOB
RHS
RHSA
RI
RI
RIA
RIA
RIA
RIAA
RIAS
RIB
RIB
RIC
RID
RID
Relevance Feedback
Remote File
Royalty Free (License)
Remote File Access
Request For Adoption (Debian)
Remote Frame Buffer
Remote Function Call
Request For Comments (Internet)
Response For a Class
Request For Discussion (Usenet)
Radio Free Ethernet
Request For Enhancement
Remote Frame Handler
Radio Frequency Interference
Request For Information
Radio Frequency Identification
Real Full Look Ahead
Ready/Request For Next Message
Radio Fixed Parts
Request For Packaging (Debian)
Request For Proposal
Request For Quotation/Quote
Remote File Sharing/System
Remote Forensic Software
Request For Technology (OSF)
Revisable Format Text
Reserved for Future Use
Radio Guide (coax cables)
Rot (Red), Grün (Green), Blau (Blue) (Farbmodell)
Rot (Red), Grün (Green), Blau (Blue), Alpha (Farbmodell)
Renaissance Graphics Device Interface
Raster Graphics Processor
Radio Guide/Utility (Kabel)
Request/Response Header
Registration Hierarchy
Red Hat Advanced Development (Laboratories)
Regional (Bell) Holding Company
Red Hat Certified Engineer
Red Hat Cluster Suite
Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Red Hat Network
Registration Hierarchical Name Tree
Relevant Hierarchical Operational Binding
Right Hand Side
Red Hat Security Advisory
Referential Integrity
Ring In/Indicator
Red Ink Award
Rich Internet Application(s)
Robot Institute of America
Recording Industry Association of America
Rundfunk Im Amerikanischen Sektor, Berlin
RenderMan Interface Bytestream
Routing Information Base
Radio Identify Code
Relative Identifier
Retinal Imaging Display
272
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
RIF
RIF
RIF
RIF
RIF
RIF
RIF
RIFF
RII
RIM
RIM
RIM
RIMM
RIMS
RIP
RIP
RIP
RIP
RIPE
RIPL
RIPNG
RIPSO
RIR
RIS
RISC
RITA
RITA
RJ
RJE
RJS
RKE
RKO
RL
RL
RL
RLC
RLC
RLE
RLE
RLF
RLG
RLIN
RLL
RLL
RLL
RLM
RLM
RLM
RLMT
RLN
RLP
RLP
RLS
RLSD
RLV
RM
RM
Radio/Renderman Interface
Record Identifier
Regional/Resource Information
Resource Interchange File
Routing Information Field/Frame
Rule Information
Rule Interchange Format
Resource Interchange File Format
Ring/Routing Information Indicator
Records and Information Management
Remote Installation and Maintenace
Request Initialization Mode
Rambus In-line Memory Module
Ranging Integrity Monitoring Station
Raster Image Processor
Request In Progress
Routing Information Protocol
Remote Image/Imaging Protocol/Processing
Reseaux IP Europeenne
Remote Initial Program Loading
Routing Information Protocol Next Generation
Revised Internet Protocol Security Option
Regional Internet Registry
Remote Installation Services
Reduced Instruction Set Code/Computer
Reduced Interim Type Approval
Reliable Internetwork Troubleshooting Agent
Registered Jack
Remote Job Entry (IBM)
Remote Job Service
Remote Keyless Entry
Root Key Operator
Real Life (Slang)
Reconfigurable Logic
Remote Loopback
Radio Link Control
Run Length Coding
Research Laboratory of Electronics
Run Length Encoded/Encoding
Reverse Line Feed
Research Libraries Group
Research Libraries Information Network (RLG)
Radio in the Local Loop
Row Level Locking
Run Length Limited
Receiver-driven Layered Multicast
Robotic Library Manager
Robust Linear Model
Redundant Link Management Technology
Remote LAN Node
Radio Link Protocol
Resource Location Protocol
Remote Learning System
Received Line Signal Detected
Ringleitungsverteiler
Reference Model
Resource Management
273
RM
RMA
RMA
RMC
RMC
RMC
RMF
RMI
RMII
RMOA
RMON
RMP
RMP
RMP
RMP
RMP
RMS
RMS
RMS
RMS
RMS
RMS
RMS
RMT
RMT
RNA
RNA
RNARS
RNC
RNG
RNI
RNIS
RNR
RNRT
RNSI
RO
RO
ROADS
ROADS
ROBO
ROC
RODPO
ROFBTC
ROFL
ROFLASTC
ROFLMAO
ROHC
ROHS
ROI
ROI
ROKSO
ROLAP
ROLZ
ROM
ROM
RONJA
ROP
Retention Module
Rate Monotonic Analysis
Remote Memory Access
Radio Monte Carlo
Rambus Memory Controller
Resource Monitoring and Control
Remote Management Facility
Remote Method Invocation
Reduced Media Independent Interface
Realtime Multimedia Over ATM
Remote (Network) Monitoring
Radio Management Panel
Random Match Probability
Reliable Multicast Protocol
Remote Maintenance Panel/Processor
Resource Management Plan/Program/Project
RAID Management Software
Rate Monotonic Scheduling
Reason Maintenance System
Record/Resource Management Services/System
Replica Management System
Richard Matthew Stallman
Root Mean Square
Reliable Multicast Transport
Ring Management
Remote Network Access
Rufnummernanzeige
Royal Navy Amateur Radio Society
Radio Network Controller
Random Number Generator
Reseau National d’Interconnexion de Renater
Reseau Numerique a Integration de Services
Receive Not Ready (frame)
Reseau National de Recherche en Telecommunications
Remote Node Service for ISDN
Read Only
Ring Out
Resource Organization And Discovery in Subject-based services
Running Out of Address Space
Remote Office Branch Office
Restricted Operators Certificate
Reading on Demand - Paper Option (vulgo Buch)
Rolling On the Floor Biting The Carpet (Slang)
Rolling On the Floor Laughing (Slang)
Rolling On the Floor Laughing And Scaring The Cat (Slang)
Rolling On The Floor Laughing My Ass Off (Slang)
Robust Header Compression
Restriction Of the use of certain Hazardous Substances in Electric and Electronic Equipm
Rectangle/Region Of Interest
Return Of Investment
Register Of Known Spam Operations
Relational Online Analytical Processing
Reduced Offset Lempel Ziv (Algorithmus)
RAID On the Motherboard
Read Only Memory
Reasonable Optical Near Joint Access
RISC Operation
274
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
ROPES
ROPS
ROS
ROS
ROS
ROSA
ROSE
ROSE
ROSE
ROTD
ROTFL
ROW
RP
RP
RP
RPA
RPB
RPB
RPC
RPC
RPC
RPC
RPD
RPDB
RPDFP
RPELPC
RPELTP
RPF
RPG
RPL
RPL
RPM
RPM
RPM
RPM
RPN
RPPROM
RPS
RPS
RPSL
RPSU
RPU
RQBE
RQST
RR
RR
RR
RR
RR
RRA
RRAS
RRC
RRD
RRG
RRI
RRIP
RRJ
Rapid Object Oriented Process for Embedded Systems
Remote Operations Service
Record On Silicon
Remote Operation Service
Resident Operating System
Receive Only Satellite Antenna
RATS Open System Environment
Research Open Systems for Europe
Remote Operations Service Element/Entity
Release Of The Day
Rolling On The Floor Laughing (Slang)
Rest Of the World
Radio Paging
Randomized Polynomial time
Rendezvous Point
Remote Passphrase Authentication
Radio-Praktiker-Bücherei
Reverse Path Broadcasting
Radio Paging Call
Regional Playback Control
Remote Procedure Call
Root Path Cost
Rapid Prototyping Development
Routing Policy Database
Remote Physical Device Finger Printing
Regular Pulse Excited Linear Predictive Coder
Regular Pulse Excitation with Long-Term Prediction Loop
Reverse Path Forwarding
Record Program Generator (IBM)
Requested Privilege Level
Resident Programming Language
Radio Packet Modem
Rapid Prototyping Module
Red Hat Package Manager
Revolutions per minute
Reverse Polish Notation
Reprogrammable PROM
Redundant Power Supply
Remote Procedure Services
Routing Policy Specification Language
Redundant Power Supply Unit
Ray Processing Unit
Relational Query By Example
Request
Radio Regulations
Real Reality
Receive/Receiver Ready
Resource Record (DNS)
Round Robin
Remote Record Access
Routing and Remote Access Service
Radio Resource Control
Round Robin Database
Reichsrundfunkgesellschaft
Resource Recovery Interface
Rock Ridge Interchange Protocol
Registration Reject
275
RRLP
RRO
RRP
RRQ
RRT
RRT
RRT
RRT
RRT
RRT
RRT
RRT
RRT
RRZN
RS
RS
RS
RS
RS
RS
RS
RS
RS232
RSA
RSAC
RSB
RSB
RSBAC
RSCS
RSCV
RSDP
RSDT
RSE
RSET
RSFQ
RSI
RSIP
RSIS
RSL
RSL
RSL
RSL
RSL
RSL
RSL
RSMLT
RSN
RSN
RSOH
RSP
RSPC
RSPCWS
RSRB
RSS
RSS
RSS
RSS
Radio Resource LCS Protocol
Radial Run Out
Registry Registrar Protocol
Registration Request
Radar Range Tracking
Radio Receiver Transmitter
Radio Relay Terminal
Random/Randomized Response Technique
Range Router Table
Rapid Reprogramming Terminal
Recommended Replacement Time
Request Response Trace
Routing Request Timer
Regionales Rechenzentrum Niedersachsen, Hannover
Reader Stop
Recommended Standard
Record Separator
Reed Solomon (Code)
Registry Service
Request to Send
Route Server
Router Solicitation
Recommended Standard 232 (Norm für serielle Schnittstelle)
Rivest, Shamir, Adleman
Recreational Software Advisory Council
Repair Service Bureau
Reservation State Block
Rule Set Based Access Control
Remote Spooling and Communications Subsystem
Route Selection Control Vector
Root System Description Pointer
Root System Description Table
Register Stack Engine
Reset
Rapid Single Flux Quantum (Logic)
Repetitive Strain Injury
Realm Specific Internet Protocol (parameter)
Relocateable Screen Interface Specification
Radio Signaling Link
Received Signal Level
Registry Size Limit
Request and Status Link
Reserve Static Line
Resilient Server Link
Resource Specification Language
Routed Split Multi Link Trunking
Real Soon Now (Slang)
Russian Security Newsline
Regenerator Section Overhead
Required Space Character
Reed Solomon Product Code
Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelties to Web Surfers
Remote Source Route Bridging
Radio Subsystem
RDF Site Summary
Really Simple Syndication
Resident Set Size
276
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
RSS
RSSAC
RSSI
RST
RST
RST
RSTE
RSTP
RSTS
RSTV
RSVD
RSVP
RSX
RT
RT
RT
RT
RTA
RTAI
RTAM
RTAS
RTB
RTC
RTC
RTC
RTCA
RTCM
RTCP
RTDL
RTE
RTE
RTEID
RTEL
RTEMS
RTEMS
RTF
RTFAQ
RTFB
RTFF
RTFM
RTFS
RTK
RTK
RTL
RTL
RTL
RTLS
RTM
RTM
RTM
RTM
RTMP
RTNR
RTO
RTOS
RTP
RTP
Rich Site Summary
Root Server System Advisory Committee
Received Signal Strength Indication
Readability, Signal Strength, and Tone
Receive Start Threshold
Reset and Restart
Regenerator Section Terminating Equipment
Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol
Resource Sharing and Time Sharing
Rundfunkstaatsvertrag
Reserved
Resource Reservation Setup Protocol
Real Time Resource Sharing Executive
Radio Text
Real/Run Time
Receive Timing
RISC Technology
Runder Tisch Amateurfunk
Real Time Application Interface
Remote Terminal Access Method
Run-Time Abstraction Services
Regional Testbed
Real Time Clock
Return To Control
Reseaux Telphoniques Commutes
Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics
Radio Technical Commission for Maritime Services
Realtime Transport Control Protocol
Real-Time Data Link
Real-Time Enterprise
Right to Left Embedding
Real Time Executive Interface Definition
Reverse Telnet
Real Time Executive for Military/Multiprocessor Systems
Real Time Energy Management Solutions
Rich Text Format
Read The FAQ (Slang)
Read The Funny Binary (Slang)
Read The Fantastic FAQ (Slang)
Read The Fine/Fantastic/Funny ... Manual (Slang)
Read The Funny Source (Slang)
Real Time Kernel
Real-Time Kinematic Positioning
Register Transfer Level
Resistor Transistor Logic
Run Time Library
Real Time Locating System
Read The Manual (Slang)
Real Time Modeling
Release To Manufacturing
Response Time Monitor
Routing Table Maintenance Protocol
Real-Time Network Routing
Retransmission Timeout
Real Time Operating System
Rapid Transport Protocol
Realtime Transport Protocol
277
RTP
RTP
RTP
RTR
RTS
RTS
RTS
RTS
RTS
RTSE
RTSP
RTSP
RTSPS
RTSPU
RTT
RTT
RTTI
RTTY
RTV
RTWFQ
RU
RUA
RUC
RULL
RUM
RUOK
RUP
RUS
RUSH
RV
RV
RVI
RVL
RVML
RVP
RVS
RVSA
RW
RWB
RWI
RWI
RWM
RWP
RWS
RWT
RWTH
RX
RX
RXC
RXD
RYS
RZ
RZ
RZG
RZM
Regulierungsbehörde für Telekommunikation und Post
Rendezvous and Termination Protocol
Realtime Transport Protocol (Internet)
RARE Technical Report
Ready/Request To Send
Real Time System
Reliable Transfer Service
Remote Telnet Service
Request To Send
Reliable Transfer Service Element (OSI)
Realtime Signal Processor
Realtime Streaming Protocol
Realtime Streaming Protocol Secure/Server/Service/Specification
Realtime Streaming Protocol Unreliable
Resonant Tunneling Transistor
Round-Trip Time
Run Time Type Information/Identification
Radio Teletype (Funkfernschreiben)
Real Time Video
Read The Whole Fantastic Question (Slang)
Request/Response Unit
Remote User Agent
Reservation Upon Collision (Scheme)
Rechnerunterstütztes Lehren und Lernen
Rechenzentrum Universität Mannheim
Are You Ok (Slang)
Rational Unified Process
Rechenzentrum der Universität Stuttgart
Remote Use of Shared Hardware
Real Virtuality
Rotational Vibration
Reverse Interrupt
Ringverteilungsleiter
Rich Vector Markup Language
Rendezvous Protocol
Rotational Vibration Safeguard
Remote Variant Selection Algorithm
Rewritable
Responsive Workbench
Reset Window Indicator
Reversed Word Index
Read Write Memory
RIP While Printing
Rufweiterschaltung
Random Walk Theory
Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule, Aachen
Receive Data
Receiver
Receive Clock
Received Data
Read Your Screen (Slang)
Rechenzentrum
Return to Zero
Rechenzentrum Garching (MPG)
Root Zone Maintainer
278
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
S
S
S
S2M
SA
SA
SA
SA
SA
SA
SA
SA
SAA
SAA
SAA
SAAL
SAAS
SAB
SABM
SABME
SAC
SAC
SAC
SAC
SAC
SACCH
SACD
SACEADM
SACECP
SACEM
SACK
SACL
SACNET
SACT
SAD
SADT
SAE
SAF
SAFI
SAFIR
SAFT
SAGA
SAGE
SAIC
SAIL
SAINT
SAK
SAL
SAL
SALT
SALT
SAM
SAM
SAM
SAM
SAM
SAM
Service, Signal, Standard, Synchron, System
Signal Timing
Steuerleitung
ISDN Wählverbindung 2 Mbit/s
Security Association
Selective Availability (GPS)
Soft Affinity
Software Assurance
Source Address
SpamAssassin
Structured Analysis
System Administrator
Silly And Awkward (Slang)
Single Assignment Approach
System/Systems Application Architecture
Signalling AAL
Software As A Service
Standards Activities Board (IEEE/CS)
Set Asynchronous Balanced Mode
Set Asynchronous Balanced Mode Extended
Seismic Analysis Code
Service Access Controller
Single Attached/Attachment Component/Concentrator
Special Area Code
Syntax-based Arithmetic Coding
Slow Associated Control Channel
Super Audio Compact Disk
System Auxiliary Control Element Administration
System Auxiliary Control Element Common Pair
Societe des Auteurs Compositeurs Editeurs de Musique
Selective Acknowledgement
System Access Control List
Secure Automated Communications Network
SPARC Application Conformance Toolkit
Security Association Database
Structured Analysis and Design Technique
Self Addressed Envelope
Service Access Facility
Subsequence Address Family Identifier
Service ATM Federateur et d’Interconnexion de Renater
Simple Asynchronous File Transfer (Protocol)
Standards und Architekturen für eGovernment-Anwendungen
(UNIX) System Administrators’ Guild
Single Antenna Interference Cancellation
Stanford AI Laboratory
Symbolic Automatic Integrator
Secure Attention Key
Self Addressed Envelope
Structured Assembly Language
Speech Application Language Tag
SuSE Advanced Linux Technology
SCSI Architecture Model
Security Access/Account Manager
Sequential Access Method
Serial Access Memory
Smart ATM Modul
Storage and Archive Manager
279
SAM
SAM
SAMI
SAN
SAN
SAN
SAN
SAN
SANE
SANE
SANS
SAO
SAP
SAP
SAP
SAP
SAP
SAP
SAP
SAP
SAPI
SAPI
SAPI
SAR
SAR
SAR
SAR
SAR
SARC
SARCOM
SARE
SARM
SARME
SARP
SARPA
SARSAT
SART
SARTG
SAS
SAS
SAS
SAS
SAS
SAS
SAS
SASDB
SASE
SASI
SASL
SASL
SASL
SAT
SATA
SATAN
SATL
SAV
SAW
Synchronous Address Multiplexer
System Administration Manager (tool)
Synchronized Accessible Media Interchange
Satellite Access Network
Schulen ans Netz e. V.
Standard Address Number
Storage Area Network
System Area Network
Scanner Access Now Easy
Standard Apple Numeric Environment
SysAdmin, Audit, Network, Security (Institute)
Session At Once
Secure Audio Path
Send And Pray
Service Access Point (OSI)
Service Advertising Protocol (Novell)
Session Announcement Protocol
SIM Access Profile
Symbolic Assembler Program
Systeme, Anwendungen, Produkte (AG), Walldorf
Service Access Point Identifier
Speech API
Streams Application Programming Interface
Search And Rescue
Segmentation And Reassembling/Reassembly
Smurf Amplifier Registry
Specific Absorption Rate
Synthetic Aperture Radar
Symantec Antivirus Research Center
Search And Rescue Communication
SpamAssassin Rules Emporium
Set Asynchronous Response Mode
Set Asynchronous Response Mode Extended
Search And Rescue Processor
Security Advanced Research Projects Agency, USA
Search And Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking
Search And Rescue (Radar) Transponder
Scandinavian Amateur Radio Teleprinter Group
Security Association
Serial Attached SCSI
Short Authentication String
Signature Authority System
Single Attached/Attachment Station (FDDI)
Speicher- und Anforderungssteuerung
Statistical Analysis System
Security Association Data Base
Self Addressed and Stamped Envelope
Shugart Associates System Interface
St. Andrews Static Language
Simple Authentication and Security Layer
Single Assignment Language
Satisfiability Problem
Serial AT Bus Attachment
Security Analysis/Administrator’s Tool for Analyzing/Auditing Networks
SCSI ATA Translation Layer
Sender Address Verification
Surface Acoustic Wave (Filter)
280
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
SAX
SB
SB
SB
SBA
SBAS
SBC
SBC
SBC
SBC
SBC
SBCS
SBE
SBE
SBOD
SBP
SBP
SBR
SBR1
SBS
SBS
SBST
SBT
SBUP
SBV
SC
SC
SC
SC
SC
SC
SC
SCA
SCA
SCA
SCADA
SCADDS
SCAM
SCART
SCB
SCC
SCC
SCC
SCC
SCC
SCC
SCC
SCC
SCCP
SCCS
SCCS
SCD
SCD
SCE
SCF
SCF
SCI
Simple API for XML
Southbridge
Standby Indicator
System Builder
Small Business Administration
Satellite Based Augmentation System
SCSI Block Commands
Server Based Computing
Single Board Computer
Smart Bitrate Control
Subband Codec
Single Byte Character/Command Set
Single Byte Extension
Society of Broadcast Engineers (USA)
Switched Bunch Of Discs
Serial Bus Protocol
Structured Buffer Pool
Spectral Band Replication
Statistical Bit Rate Configuration 1
Secure Boot System
Small Business Server
Smart Battery Status Table
Six Bit Transcode
System Backup Partition
Skeletonization Based Vectorization
Secondary Channel
Send Common
Sequential Consistency
Smart Card
Storage Compatibility
Subcommittee
Subscriber Channel (Sonnector)
Security Control and Audit
Single Connector Attachment
Software Communications Architecture
Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition
Scalable Coordination Architectures for Deeply Distributed Systems
SCSI Configured Automagically
Syndicat des Constructeurs d’Appareils Radio Recepteurs et Televiseurs
Subsystem Control Block
Satellite Control Center
SCSI Controller Commands
Serial Communication Controller
Small Card Clearing
Specialized Common Carrier
Spontaneous Computer Combustion
Standards Coordinating Committee (IEEE/CS)
Synchronous Channel Check
Signal/Signalling Connection Control Port
Source Code Control System
Southern California Computer Society
Standard Color Display
Structured Charts Diagram
Service Creation Environment
Service Control Function
System Control Facility
Scalable Coherent Interconnect
281
SCI
SCI
SCI
SCIM
SCLM
SCM
SCM
SCM
SCM
SCML
SCMS
SCN
SCN
SCNR
SCO
SCO
SCO
SCOS
SCP
SCP
SCP
SCP
SCP
SCPC
SCPI
SCR
SCR
SCR
SCS
SCS
SCS
SCSA
SCSI
SCSL
SCSP
SCSSI
SCSU
SCTP
SCTP
SCTP
SCTP
SCTS
SCTT
SCU
SD
SD
SD
SD
SD
SD
SD
SD
SD
SDA
SDA
SDA
SDA
Special Circumstance Instructions
Strategic Computing Inititative
System Control Interrupt
Smart Commom Input Method
Software Configuration Library Manager (IBM)
Selected Communication Mode
Software Configuration Management
Supply Chain Management
Switch Control Module
Spectrum Cataloging Markup Language
Serial Copy Management System
Switched Circuit Network
System Change/Commit Number
Sorry, Could Not Resist (Slang)
(The) Santa Cruz Operation, Inc.
Structured Complex Object
Synchronous Connection Oriented
Single Copy Object Store
Secure Copy
Service Control Point
Session Control Protocol
Short Circuit Protection
Subsystem Control Port
Single CHannel Per Carrier
Standard Commands for Programmable Instruments
Silicon Controlled Rectifier
Standard Context Routing
Sustainable/Sustained Cell Rate
Secondary Clear to Send
SNA Communication Service
System Communication Services
Signal Computing System Architecture
Small Computer Systems Interface
Sun Community Source Licensing
Server Cache Synchronization Protocol
Service Central de la Securite des Systemes d’Information
Standard Compression Scheme for Unicode
Screened Twisted Pair (cable)
Shape-Controlled Traffic Pattern
Simple Control Transport Protocol
Stream Control Transmission Protocol
Secondary Clear To Send
Strong Church Turing Thesis
System Control Unit
Sales + Distribution
Secure Digital (Card)
Send Data
Shutdown
Single Density
Staircase Deadline (scheduler)
Starting Delimiter
Structured Design
Super Density (Compact Disk)
Scalable Disk Array
Start of/Secure Domain Authority
Swappable Data Area
System Design Automation
282
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
SDB
SDBM
SDC
SDC
SDC
SDCCH
SDCD
SDD
SDDC
SDDI
SDDI
SDDS
SDE
SDF
SDF
SDF
SDF
SDH
SDHC
SDHT
SDI
SDI
SDI
SDIF
SDIGN
SDIO
SDK
SDL
SDL
SDL
SDLC
SDLC
SDLP
SDLT
SDM
SDM
SDM
SDM
SDMA
SDMI
SDMS
SDN
SDNS
SDO
SDP
SDP
SDP
SDP
SDP
SDPS
SDPS
SDPS
SDR
SDR
SDR
SDR
SDRAM
Security Policy Database
Selective Directed Broadcast Mode
Secondary Domain Controller
Secure Digital Card
Service Description Channel
Stand Alone Dedicated Control Channel
Secondary Data Carrier Detect
Super Density Disk
Single Device Data Correction
Serial Digital Data Interface
Shielded Twisted Pair Distributed Data Interface
Sony Dynamic Digital Sound
Software Development Environment
Signal Delay Format
Space Delimited File/Format
Standard/System Data Format
Structured Display File
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
Secure Digital High Capacity (Card)
Selectively Doped Hetero Transistor
Selective Dissemination of Information
Serial Device/Digital Interface
Single Document Interface
Standard Document Interchange Format
Vorschriftensammlung für digitale Netze
Secure Digital Input/Output
Software Development/Developer’s Kit
Scene Description Language
Security Development Lifecycle
Simple Direct Media Layer
Software Development Life Cycle
Synchronous Data Link Control (IBM)
Standard Device Level Protocol
Super Digital Linear Tape
Secure Digital Mini (card)
Security Device Manager
Short Data Message
Sub-rate Data Multiplexer
Space Division Multiple Access
Secure Digital Music Inititative
SCSI Device Management System
Software Defined Network
Secure Data Network Service/System
Servicedatenobjekt
Service Discovery Protocol
Session Description Protocol
Shared Development Process
Software Delivery Platform
Standard Directory Package (Apple)
Science/Service/Shared/Spatial/Standard/Surveillance Data Processing Software/System
Secure Digital Paper Seal
Standard Dial-up POP3 Service
Session Director
Single Data Rate
Software Defined Radio
Streaming Data Request
Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
283
SDS
SDS
SDS
SDSC
SDSE
SDSL
SDSS
SDTS
SDTV
SDU
SDX
SDXC
SDXF
SE
SE
SE
SE-SCSI
SEA
SEA
SEA
SEAL
SEBD
SEC
SEC
SECAM
SECBR
SECC
SED
SED
SEDAS
SEE
SEEFUST
SEEK
SEEM
SEL
SEL
SEL
SEL
SEM
SEM
SEMA
SEMPER
SEO
SEO
SEP
SEP
SEPI
SEPP
SEPP
SER
SES
SES
SES
SES
SESAME
SESK
SET
Sample Dump Standard
Software Distribution Service (OSF)
Subdivision Surface
San Diego Supercomputer Center, USA
Shadowed DSA-Specific Entry
Single Line/Single Pair/Symmetrical Digital Subscriber Line
Sloan Digital Sky Survey
Spatial Data Transfer Standard
Standard Definition Television
Service/Signalling Data Unit
Storage Data Acceleration
Synchronous Digital Cross Connect
Structured Data Exchange Format
Second Editon (Windows)
Shared Everything
Single Ended
Single Ended SCSI
Schoof, Elkes, Atkin
Self Extracting Archive
Society for Electronic Access
Screening External Access Link
Software Engineering Bibliographic Database (DACS)
Single Error Correction
Standard Ethernet Controller
Sequentiel Couleur Avec Memoire
Severely Errored Cell Block Ratio
Single Edge Contact Cartridge
Smoke Emitting Diode
Surface-conduction Electron-emitter Display
Standardregelungen einheitlicher Datenaustausch
Software Engineering Environment
Seefunkstelle
Secure Electronic Exchange of Keys
Simple Efficient Extensible Mesh
Security Enhanced Linux
Selector
Standard Elektrik Lorenz AG
System Event Logger
Search Engine Marketing
Server Enhancement Module
Simple Electromagnetic Analysis
Secure Electronic Marketplace for Europe
Search Engine Optimization/Optimizer
Sequences Number
Separation
Somebody Else’s Problem (Slang)
School Educational Provision Improvement
Secure Electronic Payment Protocol
Single Edge Processor Package
Soft Error Rate
SCSI Enclosure Services
Secure Easy Setup
Ship Earth Station
Societe Europeenne des Satellites
Secure European System for Applications in a Multi-Vendor Environment
Session Key
Secure Electronic Transaction
284
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
SET
SET
SET
SET
SETI
SEU
SEU
SEUL
SEX
SF
SF
SF
SF
SFA
SFAUSL
SFC
SFD
SFF
SFINX
SFLAAE/BS
SFLC
SFMJI
SFP
SFP
SFP
SFPS
SFQ
SFQL
SFR
SFS
SFS
SFS
SFS
SFT
SFT
SFTM
SFTP
SFU
SFURD
SFV
SG
SG
SGA
SGC
SGCP
SGDB
SGF
SGI
SGML
SGMP
SGPS
SGRAM
SGSN
SH
SHA
SHA
SHAFT
Setkey
Shortest Elapsed Time
Single Electron Transistor
Standard d’Exchange et de Transfert
Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence
Serial Encryption Unit
Smallest Executable Unit
Simple End User Linux
Software Exchange
Select/Send Frequency
Sign Flag
Single Frequency
Store and Forward
Sales Force Automation
Vorschriftensammlung Fernmeldeverkehr Ausland
System File Checker
Start Frame Delimiter
Small Form Factor
Service for French Internet Exchange
Star Fleet Ladies Auxiliary and Embroidery/Baking Society
Software Freedom Law Center
Sorry For My Jumping In (Slang)
Single Function Peripheral
Super Fine Positioning
System File Protection
Secure Fast Packet Switching
Stochastic Fairness Queuing
Structured Full-text Query Language
Split Frame Rendering
Scalable/Secure File Share/System
Security Feature Set
Smart File System (Amiga)
Storage Attached Network File System
System Fault Tolerance
System File Table
Switched Frame Transfer Mode
Simple File Transfer Protocol
Services For Unix
Stadtfunkrufdienst
Standard-Festverbindung
Signal Ground
Supergroup
Shared/System Global Area
SCSI Graphic Commands
Simple Gateway Control Protocol
Service de Genomique du Departement de Biologie, ENS Paris
Smart Go Format
Silicon Graphics, Inc.
Standard Generalized Markup Language
Simple Gateway Management/Monitoring Protocol (Internet)
Simple Global Positioning System (protocol)
Synchronous Graphical Random Access Memory
Serving GPRS Support Node
Sample and Hold, S/H
Secure Hash Algorithm
Super High Availability
Society to Help Abolish FORTRAN Teaching
285
SHAR
SHARL
SHDSL
SHF
SHIA
SHIFT
SHIT
SHM
SHM
SHOE
SHRS
SHTTP
SHV
SHY
SI
SI
SI
SI
SI
SI
SI
SI
SIA
SIA
SIAM
SIASL
SIB
SIC
SICAS
SID
SID
SID
SID
SID
SID
SID
SIE
SIF
SIFS
SIFT
SIG
SIG
SIGCAT
SIGG
SIGIR
SIGPLAN
SIH
SIHFT
SII
SIIT
SIL
SILC
SILK
SIM
SIM
SIMA
SIMCA
Shell Archive
Specified Home Appliance Recycling Law, Japan
Single-pair High Speed Digital Subscriber Line
Super High Frequency
Strongly Hedonistic Internet Area
Scalable, Heterogeneous, Integrated Facility
Secure Home Internet Telephony
Semantical Hierarchy Model
Short Hold Mode
Simple HTML Ontology Extensions
Sehen, Hören, Riechen, Schmecken (Multimedia)
Secure HTTP
Standard High Volume
Soft/Syllable Hyphen
Service Interaction
Shift In
Signalling Rate Indicator
Simple Interface (Cray to UNIX)
Source Index
Still Image (Exchange)
System Information
Systeme International d’Unites
Semiconductor Industries Association
Serial Interface Adapter
Supraleitendes Intelligentes Antennen-Modul
Stranger In A Strange Land (Slang)
Scaled Index Based
Standard Industry Code
Semiconductor International Capacity Statistics
Security Identification/Identifier
Session Identifier
Silence Descriptor
Society for Information Display
Station Identification
Sudden Ionospheric Disturbance
Symbolic Interactive Debugger
Serial Interface Engine
Stateful Inspection Firewall
Short Inter Frame Space
Stanford Information Filtering Tool
Selective Integral Ground
Software/Special Interest Group
Special Interest Group on CD-ROM Applications and Technology
Signaturgesetz
Special Interest Group on Information Retrieval
Special Interest Group on Programming Languages
Super Information Highway
Software Implemented Hardware Fault Tolerance
Static Invocation Interface
Stateless IP/ICMP Translation (Algorithm)
Solid Immersion Lens
Secure Internet Live Conferencing
Speech, Image, Language, Knowledge
Set Initialization Mode
Subscriber Identification/Identity Module
Support Initiative for Multimedia Applications
Sitting In My Chair Amused (Slang)
286
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
SIMD
SIMM
SIMP
SIMPLE
SIMPLE
SIN
SIN
SINA
SINA
SINPO
SIO
SIO
SIP
SIP
SIP
SIP
SIP
SIP
SIPC
SIPO
SIPP
SIPP
SIPP
SIPP
SIPP
SIPS
SIR
SIRDS
SIRF
SIS
SIS
SIS
SISD
SISO
SISSL
SISY
SIT
SIT
SIT
SIT
SITD
SITOR
SITP
SITP
SIWG
SJCC
SJF
SJF
SK
SK
SK
SKA
SKAS
SKIP
SKU
SL
SL
Single Instruction Multiple Data (stream)
Single Inline Memory Module
Simple Intermachine Protocol
Sheer Idiots Monopurpose Programming Language Environment
SIP for Instant Messaging and Presence Leveraging Extensions
Serial Data In
Service Indicator (ISDN)
Sichere Internet-Anbindung/Architektur (BSI)
SISY Integriertes FTP-Server Archiv, Karlsruhe
Signal strength, Interference, Noise, Propagation disturbance, Overall merit
Serial Input Output
Simultaneous Interface Operation
SCSI Interlocl Protocol
Second/Simple Internet Protocol
Secure Internet Programming (Princeton U.)
Session Initiation Protocol
SMDS Interface Protocol
Submission Information Package
Simple Integrated/Interactive Personal Computer
Serial In Serial Out
Simple Internet Protocol Plus
Simple Polygon Processor
Single In-Line Pin Package
Stable Image PC Platform
Stable Image Platform Program
SIP over SSL
Serial Infrared Communication (Hewlett-Packard)
Single Image Random Dot Stereogram
(SiRF Technology Inc., USA)
Schengen Information System
Silicon Isotope Superlattice (Technology)
Stateful Inspection System
Single Instruction Single Data(stream)
Serial In, Serial Out
Sun Industry Standards Source License
Software Informations-System, Karlsruhe
Satellite Interactive Terminal
(Fraunhofer-Institut für) Sichere Telekooperation
Simple Internet Transition
Special Information Tone
Still In The Dark (Slang)
Simple Telex Over Radio
Strategic Information Technology Plan, DoC, USA
System Integration Test Plan
Special Interest Working Group
Spring Joint Computer Conference
Shortest Job First
Super Jumbo Frame (Ethernet)
Schneider & Koch, Ettlingen
Server Key
Synchronknoten
Shared Key Authentication
Separate Kernel Address Space
Simple Key Management for Internet Protocols
Stock Keeping Unit (Artikelnummer)
Second Life
Session Layer
287
SL
SL
SLA
SLA
SLA
SLAC
SLAP
SLAPI
SLC
SLC
SLC
SLD
SLDRAM
SLED
SLED
SLED
SLES
SLI
SLI
SLI
SLIAA
SLIP
SLIP
SLIT
SLM
SLOC
SLOS
SLP
SLP
SLP
SLP
SLR
SLS
SLSI
SLT
SLU
SLV
SLURM
SM
SM
SM
SM
SM
SMA
SMA
SMA
SMAC
SMACK
SMACS
SMACS
SMACS
SMAE
SMAP
SMAP
SMART
SMART
SMASE
Shading/Specification Language
Slave
Sealed Lead Acid (Battery)
Service Level Agreement
Site Level Aggregation/Aggregator
Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
Sounds Like A Plan (Slang)
Salutation Application Programming Interface
Second Level Cache
Single Level Cell
Synchronous Link Control
Second/Sub Level Domain
Synchronous Link Dynamic RAM
Single Large Expensive Disk
Software Life Cycle Experience Database (DACS)
Suse Linux Enterprise Desktop
Suse Linux Enterprise Server
Scalable Link Interface/Interleave
Scanline Interleave
System Level Integration
Scalable Link Interface Anti-Aliasing
Serial Line Interface Protocol (Internet)
Symmetric List Processor
System Locality Distance Information Table
Salutation Manager
Source Lines Of Code
SuSE Linux Office Server
School License Program
Service Location Protocol
Single Link Protocol
System Load Partition
Scalable Linear Recording
Service Level Specification
Super Large Scale Integration
Speech and Language Technology
Site Local Use
Single Language Vendor
Simple Linux Utility for Resource Management
Security Management
Set Mode
Shadow Map
Sparse Mode
System Management/Manager
Shared Memory Architecture
Sharing with Minimum Allocation
Sub Miniature Assembly (Connector)
Sensor Media/Medium Access Control
Simplified Mandatory Access Control Kernel
Schema Mapping Application Compiler System
Smart Multi-Access Communication Service
Stochastic Modelling and Analysis of Communication Systems
Systems Management Application Entity
Simple Mail Access Protocol
System Management Application Process
Self Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology
Software Metering and Resource Tracking
System Management Application Service Element
288
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
SMB
SMB
SMB
SMC
SMC
SMCC
SMD
SMD
SMD
SMDC
SMDR
SMDS
SMDSU
SME
SMF
SMF
SMF
SMF
SMF
SMFA
SMG
SMI
SMI
SMI
SMI
SMIL
SMIME
SMIS
SMIS
SMIS
SMIT
SMK
SML
SML
SML
SML
SML
SMLT
SMM
SMM
SMO
SMON
SMOP
SMP
SMP
SMP
SMP
SMP
SMPS
SMPTE
SMR
SMS
SMS
SMS
SMS
SMS
SMS
Server/Session Message Block
Small and Medium Business
System Management Bus
Secure Messaging Card
Standard Microsystems, Inc.
Sun Microsystems Computer Corp.
Schiffsmeldedienst
Storage Modul Device
Surface Mounted Device
Server Management Daughter Card
Station Message Detail Recording
Switched Multi-Megabit Data Service, USA
Switched Multi-Megabit Data Service Unit
Subject Matter Expert
Service Management Facility
Simple Message Format
Single Mode Fiber
Standard Midi File
System Manager Facility
System Management Functional Area
Supermastergroup
Secure Monitor Interrupt
Serial Management Interface
Structure of Management Information
System Management (mode) Interrupt
Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language
Secure MIME
Safety/Supply/System Management Information System
Service Marketing Information System
Storage Management Initiative Specification
System Management Interface Tool (IBM)
Software Migration Kit
Simple Macro Language
Simple Mailing List
Simplified Markup Language
Standard Math Library
Standard Metalanguage
Split Multi Link Trunking
Start of Manual Message
System Management Mode
Social Memory Organizer
Switched Monitoring Network
Small/Simple Matter Of Programming
Simple Management Protocol (Internet)
Standard Message Package (Apple)
Standby Monitor Presence
Symmetrical/Synchronous Multi-Processing
SONET Physical Layer Mapping
Switching Mode Power Supply (Schaltnetzteil)
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, USA
Signal to Mask Ration
Satellite Multi-Service System
Service/Security Management Station/System
Short Message Service
Software Management System
Storage Management Services
Subsystem Management Service (OSF)
289
SMS
SMSC
SMSCB
SMSI
SMSMO
SMSMT
SMSP
SMT
SMT
SMT
SMT
SMTI
SMTP
SMTPE
SMU
SMUX
SMXQ
SN
SN
SN
SNA
SNACP
SNADS
SNAFU
SNAP
SNAP
SNAPI
SNCP
SNCP
SNCS
SNF
SNF
SNI
SNI
SNIA
SNMP
SNMPV2
SNOBOL
SNP
SNPP
SNR
SNR
SNR
SNRM
SNRME
SNS
SNVT
SO
SO
SO
SOA
SOA
SOA
SOAP
SOB
SOB
SOC
System Management Server
Short Message Service Center
Short Message Service Cell Broadcast
Sommet Mondial de la Societe de l’Information
SMS Mobile Station Originated
SMS Mobile Station Terminated
Storage Management Services Protocol
Simultaneous Multi Texturing
Simultaneous/Symmetrical Multithreading (Technology)
Station Management
Surface Mounted Technology
Systems Management Tools Initiative
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (Internet)
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
System Management Utility
SNMP Multiplexing Protocol
Sharing with Maximum Queues
Sequence Number
Signal/Noise, S/N (ratio)
Subscriber Number
Systems Network Architecture (IBM)
SNA Control Protocol
SNA Distribution Services
Situation Normal All Fed/Fucked Up (Slang)
Streamlined Network Accelerated Protocol
Subnetwork Access/Attachement Point/Protocol
Soft Switch Network Application Programming Interface
Single Node Control Point
System Services Control Point
Secure Network Computer Server
Server Natural/Normal Format
Session Sequence Number Field
Siemens Nixdorf Informationssysteme AG, Paderborn
Subscriber Network Identifier/Interface
Storage Networking Industry Association
Simple Network Management Protocol (Internet)
Simple Network Management Protocol Version 2 (Internet)
String Oriented Symbolic Language
Sequence Number Protection
Simple Network Paging Protocol
Saved Number Redial
Serial Number
Signal to Noise Ratio
Set Normal Response Mode
Set Normal Response Mode Extended
Session Network Services
Standard Network Variable Type
Shift Out
Small Outline
Supporting Organization
Service Order Activation
Service Oriented Architecture
Start Of (zone of) Authority (DNS)
Simple Object Access Protocol
Start Of Block
Statement Of Boredom
System On a Chip
290
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
SODIMM
SOE
SOFL
SOG
SOGT
SOH
SOH
SOHO
SOI
SOIF
SOIP
SOL
SOL
SOL
SOL
SOLAS
SOM
SOM
SONET
SONETT
SOP
SOP
SOP
SORBS
SOS
SOS
SOS
SOSI
SOSIG
SOTIS
SOUP
SOUT
SOX
SP
SP
SP
SP
SP
SP
SPA
SPA
SPA
SPA
SPADA
SPAG
SPAM
SPAN
SPAN
SPAP
SPARC
SPB
SPC
SPC
SPC
SPC
SPC
SPD
Small Outline Dual Inline Memory Module
Standard Operating Environment
Structured Object-Oriented Formal Language
Sync On Green
Senior Officials Group on Telecommunications
Section Overhead
Start of Header/Heading
Small Office, Home Office
Silicon On Insulator
Summary Object Interchange Format
Storage Over IP
Seniors/Senioren On Line
Siemens Optical Link
Simulation Oriented Language
Special Object Library
(International Convention for the) Safety Of Life At Sea
Start Of Message
System Object Model (IBM)
Synchronous Optical Network
Soziales Netz Telecommunikation
Same Origin Policy
Service Object Pair
Standard Operating Procedure
Spam and Open Relay Blocking System
Silicon On Sapphire
Sophisticated Operating System
Start Of Significance
Shift Out Shift In
Social Science Information Gateway
Self-Organizing Traffic Information System
Simple Offline Usenet Packet
Serial Data Out
Sound Exchange (File)
Segment Priority
Service Provider
Space (Leertaste)
Stack Pointer
Strict Priority
System Program
Secure Password Authentication
Service Point Application
Simple Power Analysis
Software Publishers’ Association
Sprache und Daten
Standards Promotion and Application Group (OSI)
Send Phenomenal Amounts of Mail, Shit Posing As Mail (Slang)
Services and Protocols for Advanced Networks
Switched Port Analyzer
Shiva Password Authentication Protocol
Scalable Processor Architecture
Synchronous Pipelined Bus
SCSI Primary Commands
Small Peripheral Controller
Statistical Process Control
Stored Program Control
Sub-Process Control
Scalable Performance Data
291
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPD
SPDA
SPDEEPROM
SPDIF
SPDL
SPDN
SPDT
SPDU
SPE
SPE
SPE
SPE
SPEC
SPF
SPF
SPF
SPF
SPG
SPI
SPI
SPI
SPI
SPI
SPI
SPI
SPI
SPICE
SPICE
SPIFF
SPIM
SPINE
SPIT
SPK
Secondary Pool Descriptor
Secure Payload Database
Security Policy Database
Selective Packet Delay
Senior Program Developer
Serial Poll Disable
Serial Port Data
Serial Presence Detect
Sharable Private Disk
Silicon Photo Diode
Silicon Pixel Detector
Simple Pattern Detection
Simplified Printer Description
Single Programming Document
Software/System Preliminary Design
Software Product Description
Software Products Division
Spectral Power Density/Distribution
Speed
Sponsored Program Development
Spool Positioning Device
Storage Pool Deficiency
Structured Program Developmenr
Summary Program Description
Surge Protection/Protector Device
Supplier Data Program
Serial Presence Detect Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
Sony and Philips Digital Interconnect/Interface Format
Standard Page Description Language
Shared Private Data Network
Single-Pole Double-Throw (Relay)
Session Protocol Data Unit
Superparamagnetic Effect
Symbolic Programming Environment
Synchronous Payload Envelope
Synergistic Processor/Processing Element
Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation
Security/Sender Policy Framework
Sender Permitted From (obsolet)
Shortest Path First
System Programming Facility
Service Protocol Gateway
SCSI-3 Parallel Interface
Security Parameter Index
Serial Peripheral Interface
Server Programming Interface
Service Provider Interface
Software in the Public Interest, Inc.
Stateful Packet Inspection
Symbolic Probabilistic Inference
Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis
Spacecraft, Planet, Instruments, C Matrix, Events
Still Picture Interchange File Format
Spam over Instant Messaging
Shared Program Information Network
Spam over Internet Telephony
Software Porting Kit
292
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
SPKM
SPL
SPLD
SPM
SPM
SPMD
SPML
SPMP
SPMS
SPN
SPNR
SPOC
SPOF
SPOOL
SPOT
SPOT
SPP
SPP
SPP
SPP
SPPI
SPR
SPS
SPS
SPS
SPS
SPS
SPSI
SPT
SPT
SPU
SPU
SPU
SPV
SPV
SPV
SPWG
SPX
SQ
SQ
SQA
SQCIF
SQE
SQID
SQL
SQL
SQUID
SR
SR
SR
SR
SR
SRAM
SRAT
SRB
SRB
SRC
Simple Public Key GSS-API Mechanism
Spooler/Spooling
Simple Programmable Logic Device
Session Protocol Machine
System Performance Monitor (IBM)
Single Program Multiple Data
Service Provisioning Markup Language
Software Project Management Plan
Software Project Management System
Service Principal Name
Special People Numbers Registry
Search And Rescue Point Of Contact
Single Point Of Failure
Simultaneous Peripherals Operation On Line
Single Point Of Truth
Systeme Pour l’Observation de la Terre
Scalable Parallel Processing
Sequenced/Sequential Packet Protocol
Serial Port Profile
Standard Parallel Port
Structure of Policy Provisioning Information
Software Performance Report
Secure Packet Shield
Session Presentation Services
Speicherprogrammierte Steuerung
Standard Positioning Service/System
Standby Power System
Spots Per Square Inch
Sectors Per Track
Shortest Processing Time
Shader Processing Unit
Sound Processing Unit
Synergistic Processor Unit
Semipermanente Verbindung
Sound, Pictures, Video
Sparsed Pixel Vectorization
Standard Panels Working Group (VESA)
Secured/Sequenced/Sequential Packet/Protocol Exchange
Signal Quality
Signal-Quantisierungsgeräusch
Safety/Software Quality Assurance
Sub Quarter Common Intermediate Format
Signal Quality Error (SQE Test, heartbeat, Ethernet)
Superconducting Quantum Interference Device
Squelch
Standard/Structured Query Language
Source Quench Introduced Delay
Sampling/Send Rate
Session Reliability
Signalling Rate Selector
Shift Register
Source Routing
Shadow/Static Random Access Memory
System Resource Affinity Table
Source Route Bridging (IBM)
Storage Resource Broker
Sampling Rate Converter
293
SRC
SRC
SRD
SRD
SRD
SREJ
SRES
SRF
SRI
SRL
SRL
SRM
SRM
SRMA
SRMP
SRO
SRP
SRPI
SRQ
SRR
SRR
SRS
SRS
SRS
SRS
SRT
SRT
SRT
SRT
SRTP
SRTS
SRUC
SRV
SS
SS
SS
SS
SS
SS7
SSA
SSA
SSA
SSA
SSB
SSB
SSBA
SSC
SSC
SSCC
SSCF
SSCOP
SSCP
SSCS
SSD
SSD
SSD
SSDA
Source
System Resource Controller
Screen Reader System
Secondary Received Data
Short Range Device
Selective Reject
Signed Result
Streaming Register File
Stanford Research Institute, USA
Structural Return Loss
Subject Restriction List
Send Routing Message
Shared Resource Manager
Split-Channel Reservation Multiple Access
Spider Remote Monitoring Protocol
Sharable and Read Only (memory)
Security Rollup Package (Microsoft)
Server-Requester Programming Interface
Service Request
Search and Rescue Region
Secondary Receiver Ready
Secondary Request to Send
Sender Rewriting Scheme
Shared Registry System
Sound Retrieval System
Secure Request Technology
Shortest Remaining Time
Shuttle Radar Topography (Mission)
Source Route/Routing Transparent
Secure Realtime Transport Protocol
Secondary Request To Send
Split Reservation Upon Collision
Server
Sampled Servo
Seed/Stack Segment
Select Standby
Single Shift/Sided
Storage Server
Signalling System No. 7
Screened Subnet Architecture
Serial Storage Architecture (IBM)
Static Single Assignment
Sveriges Sändareamatörer
Schwäbischer Standard-Benchmark
Single Sideband
Suite Synthetique des Benchmarks de l’AFFU
SCSI Stream Commands
Symantec System Center
Serial Shipping Container Code
Service Specific Coordination Function
Service Specific Connection Oriented Protocol
System Services Control Point/Program
Service Specific Convergence Sublayer
Schwartz Sequential Dropping
Secondary Send Data
Solid State Disk
Synchronous Serial Data Adapter
294
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
SSDC
SSDP
SSDT
SSE
SSEC
SSEM
SSF
SSF
SSFDC
SSGA
SSH
SSI
SSI
SSI
SSI
SSID
SSID
SSIMM
SSL
SSL
SSL
SSL
SSM
SSM
SSMA
SSN
SSO
SSO
SSP
SSP
SSP
SSP
SSP
SSR
SSR
SSR
SSR
SSR
SSRC
SSS
SST
SST
SSTP
SSTV
SSU
SSW
ST
ST
ST
ST
ST
STA
STA
STA
STA
STACK
STAR
Stack Segment Descriptor Cache
Simple Service Discovery Protocol
System Service Descriptor Table
Streaming SIMD Extensions
Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator (IBM)
System Security Engineering Management
Service Switching Function
Structured Fax File
Solid State Floppy Disc Card
System Support Gate Array
Secure Shell
SCSI Serial Interface
Server Side Include
Single System Image
Small Scale Integration
Secondary Station Identifier
Service Set Identifier
Single RAS SIMM
Schüler, Studenten, Lehrer
Secondary System Loader
Secure Server Line
Secure Sockets Layer
Source Specific Multicast
Storage System Manager
Spread Spectrum Multiple Access
Secure Server Network
Single Sign On
System Security Officer
Sender Signing Practices
Serial Storage Protocol
Service Switching Point
Switch-to-Switch Protocol
System Service/Support Processor
Scalable Sampling Rate
Secondary Surveillance Radar
Small Screen Rendering (Opera)
Sum of Squared Residuals
Super Self Refresh
Synchronization Source Identifier
Switching Subsystem
Self Service Terminal
Simple SIPP Transition
Screened Shielded Twisted Pair
Slow Scan Television
Session Support Utility (DEC)
Schnittstellenwandler
Segment Type
Send Timing
Service Ticket
Straight Tip (Connector)
Stream Protocol
SCSI Trade Association
Secure Ticket Authority
Spanning Tree Algorithm
Station
Start Acknowledgement
Self Defining Text Archival
295
STAR
STAR
STAR
STAR
STAR
STAR
STAX
STB
STC
STC
STD
STD
STD
STD
STD
STDA
STDM
STE
STEP
STF
STGO
STID
STK
STL
STM
STM
STM
STM
STMF
STN
STN
STO
STOA
STOE
STOMP
STOMP
STONE
STP
STP
STP
STP
STR
STR
STRIDE
STRIP
STRT
STS
STS
STS
STT
STT
STU
STUN
STUSS
STX
SU
SUB
Self Test And Repair
Self Tuning Architecture
Simultaneous Transmit And Receive
Stateful Assured Routing
Stop Talking And Read (Slang)
Storage And Retrieval
Streaming API for XML
Set Top Box
Set Top Computer
Subtechnical Committee (ETSI)
Secondary Transmitted Data
Standard
State Transition Diagram
Subscriber Trunk Dialing
Suspend To Disc
StreetTalk Directory Assistance (Banyan)
Statistical/Synchronous Time Division Multiplexing
Signalling Terminal
Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data
Specialist Task Force
Start Tag Open
Secure Table Identifier
Software Translation Kit
Standard Template Library
Science, Technology, Medicine
Station/Storage Management
Streams Manager
Synchronous Transfer/Transport Mode/Modul
State Management Function
Scientific & Technical Information Network, Karlsruhe
Super Twisted Nematic Field Effective Material
Strategic Technology Office
Science/Scientific and Technology/Technological Options Assessment
Störung
Streaming Text Oriented Messaging Protocol
Systematic Test Of Multiplatform Product
Structured and Open Environment
Shielded Twisted Pair
Signal Transfer Point
Spanning Tree Protocol
Straight Through Processing
Suspend To RAM
Synchronous Transmitter Receiver
Spoofing, Tampering, Repudiation, Information disclosure, Denial of service, Elevation of
Starmode Radio IP
Start Initialization
Semi-Thue-System
Station to Station Protocol
Synchronous Transfer/Transport Signal
Secure Transaction Technology
Spin Torque Transfer (RAM)
Schere-Tippex-Uhu (-Verfahren)
Simple Traversal of UDP through NAT
Simply Time-consuming Unsolicited Superfluous Speaking (Slang)
Start of Text
Switching Unit
Subaddressing
296
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
SUB
SUB
SUDS
SUG
SUIT
SUM
SUMR
SUN
SUPL
SURANET
SURE
SUS
SUS
SUSP
SUTP
SUUG
SV
SVAPI
SVC
SVC
SVCC
SVCD
SVD
SVD
SVF
SVG
SVGA
SVHS
SVID
SVM
SVN
SVP
SVPN
SVR
SVR4
SVV
SVVS
SW
SW
SW
SW
SWAN
SWAP
SWAT
SWB
SWBG
SWERC
SWF
SWF
SWF
SWF
SWF
SWF
SWIB
SWIFT
SWIFT
SWIFT
Substitute/Substitutability
Systemunabhängige Betriebsführungstechnik
Software Update and Distribution System
Sun User Group
Simple User Interface Toolkit
Simple User Model
Satellite User Mapping Register
Stanford University Network
Secure User Plane
Southeastern Universities Research Association Network
Scalability, Usability, Reliability, Economy
Single UNIX Specification
Software Update Services (Microsoft)
System Use Sharing Protocol
Screened Unshielded Twisted Pair
Soviet UNIX User Group
Standortverteiler
Scan View API
Supervisor Call
Switched Virtual Call/Channel/Circuit/Connection
Switched Virtual Channel Connection
Super Video Compact Disc
Simultaneous Voice and Data
Single Value Decomposition
Simple Vector Format
Scalable Vector Graphics
Super Video Graphics Array
Super Video Home System
Unix System V Interface Definition
Support Vector Machine
Subversion (a Version Control System)
Scan-line Video Processor
Secure Virtual Private Network
Session-based Virtual Route
UNIX System V Release 4
Segment Variability Value
UNIX System V Validation Suite
schwarz-weiss
Short Wave
Software
Status Word
Secure Wide Area Network
Shared Wireless Application Protocol
Samba Web Administration Tool
Software Bus
Subtract With Borrow (random number) Generator
South Western Europe Regional (ACM Programming) Contest
Scheduled Workflow
Shockwave Flash (File Format)
Short Wave Fading
Small Web File/Format
Staff Working File
Surface Wave Field
Suchdienst Wissenschaftliche Bibliotheken
Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications
Software Implemented Fault Tolerance
System for Wireless Information Forwarding and Teledistributing
297
SWIM
SWING
SWISH
SWIW
SWL
SWP
SWP
SWP
SWP
SWP
SWP
SWP
SWP
SWP
SWR
SWS
SWS
SWT
SWT
SWT
SX
SXE
SXGA
SXXM
SYLK
SYN
SYN
SYSOP
Super Wozniak Integrated Machine
Subscriber Wireless Network Gateway
Simple Web Indexing System for Humans
So Weit Ich Weiss (AFAIK) (Slang)
Short Wave Laser/Listener
Semantic Web Publishing
Semi-orthogonal Wavelet Packet
Shortest Widest Path
Simple Web Printing
Single-Wafer Processing
Software Package/Program
Surface Wave Propagation
Swap (file, partition)
Swisscom Workplace
Standing Wave Ratio
Scientific Workstation
Silly Window Syndrom
Shockwave Template
Softwaretechnik
Standard Widget Toolkit
Simplex
Safe Execution Environment
Super Extended Graphics Array
Unextended Numbering Set Mode
Symbolic Link Format (Microsoft)
Synchonizing Segment
Synchronous Idle
System Operator
T
T
T
TA
TA
TA
TAB
TAB
TABD
TABYAS
TAC
TAC
TAC
TACACS
TACC
TACS
TAD
TADS
TAE
TAFN
TAG
TAG
TAG
TAGC
TAI
TAL
TAL
Telecomm, Telephone, Terminal, Text, Time
Taktleitung
Transmit Data
Terminaladapter, Informationstechnische Anschlussdose
Traffic Announcement
Transmitter Address
Tabulator
Technical Advisory Board
Transatlantic Business Dialogue
Thinking All But You Are Stupid (Slang)
Terminal Access Control/Controller
Transparent Audio Coding
Type Approval Code
Terminal Access Controller Access Control System
Texas Advanced Computing Center, USA
Total Access Communications
Telephone Answering Device
Text Adventure Development System
Telekommunikations-Anschluss-Einheit
That’s All For Now (Slang)
Technology Advisors Group
Text And Graphics
Tiny Aggregation
Tag Close Delimiter
Temps Atomique International
Teilnehmeranschlussleitung
Template Attribute Language
298
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
TALES
TAM
TAM
TAN
TAN
TANJ
TANSTAAFL
TAO
TAO
TAO
TAO
TAOCP
TAP
TAP
TAP
TAP
TAPI
TAPR
TAR
TARFU
TAS
TASI
TAU
TAV
TAXI
TBB
TBC
TBETSI
TBF
TBH
TBL
TBL
TBO
TBRPF
TBT
TC
TC
TC
TC
TC
TC
TCA
TCA
TCA
TCAP
TCB
TCB
TCCC
TCE
TCF
TCFS
TCG
TCH
TCI
TCIF
TCL
TCM
Template Attribute Language Expression Syntax
Telefon, Anrufbeantworter, Modem
Telephone Answering Machine
Total Area Network
Transaction Number
There Ain’t No Justice (Slang)
There Ain’t No Such Things As A Free Lunch (Slang)
Telephony Application Object
The ACE ORB
Track At Once
Traduction Assistee par Ordinateur
The Art Of Computer Programming (D. Knuth)
Telcom Advantage Packaging
Telecator Alphanumeric Protocol
Terminal Access Point
Test Access Port
Telephony Application Programming Interface (Intel, Microsoft)
Tucson Amateur Packet Radio Group
Tape Archive (Format)
Things Are Really Fouled Up (Slang)
Telephone Answering Service
Time-Assignment Speech Interpolation
Test Access Unit
Test, Analyse, Verifikation (von Software)
Transparent Asynchronous Transceiver Interface
Threading Building Blocks (Intel)
Time Base Corrector
Technischer Beirat für Normungsfragen des ETSI
Technisch betriebliche Funktionsbedingungen
To Be Honest (Slang)
Technik für Betriebslenkung
Tim Berners-Lee
Total Benefits of Ownership
Topology dissemination Based on Reverse Path Forwarding
Truncated Binary Tree
Technical Committee/Corrigendum
Telecine
Transform Coding
Transmission Control/Convergence
Treatment Code
Trust Center
Telecommunications Carrier Association
Tightly Coupled Architecture
Traffic Conditioning Agreement
Transaction Capability Application Part
Trouble Came Back
Trusted Computer/Computing Base
IEEE Technical Committee on Computer Communications
Transmission Control Element
Transparent Computing Facility
Transparent Cryptographic File System
Trusted Computing Group
Traffic Channel
Tag Control Information
Telecommunications Industry Forum, USA
Tool Command Language
Terminal Controller Module
299
TCM
TCM
TCMP
TCNG
TCNS
TCO
TCO
TCOS
TCP
TCP
TCP
TCP/IP
TCPA
TCPA
TCQ
TCR
TCS
TCS
TCSB
TCSEC
TCT
TCU
TCW
TD
TDA
TDA
TDA
TDA
TDA
TDA
TDA
TDA
TDA
TDA
TDAB
TDAC
TDB
TDC
TDCC
TDD
TDD
TDDSG
TDDSGDVO
TDE
TDES
TDF
TDF
TDF
TDF
TDF
TDF
TDF
TDG
TDHS
TDI
TDL
TDM
Time Compression Multiplexing
Trellis Code Modulation
Tightly Coupled Multiprocessor System
Traffic Control Next Generation
Thomas Conrad Networking System
Tjänstemännens Centralorganisation (Schweden)
Total Cost of Ownership
IEEE Technical Committee on Operating Systems
Tape Carrier Package
TeX Code Page
Transmission Control Protocol/Program (Internet)
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, TCP/IP (Internet)
Time of Closest Point of Approach
Trusted Computing Platform Alliance/Architecture
Tagged Command Queuing
Telephone Conversation Record
Telephony Control Specification
Terminating Call Screening
Traffic Control State Block
Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria (Orange Book)
The Coroner’s Toolkit
Transmission Control Unit
Tagged Control Word
Transmit Data
Tactile Digital Assaistant
Telediffusion d’Algerie
Temporal Data Authority
Terminal Data Adapter
To Do Archive
Tracking and Data Acquisition
Traffic Data Acquisition
Transition Data Analysis
Transmitted/Transported Data
Tunnel Diode Amplifier
Terrestrial Digital Audio Broadcasting, T-DAB
Time Domain Aliasing Cancellation
Trivial Data Base
Transparent/Tranportation Data Channel
Transportation Data Coordinating Committee
Telecommunication Device for the Deaf
Time Division Duplex
Teledienstedatenschutzgesetz
Teledienstedatenschutzgesetzdurchführungsverordnung
Telescript Development Environment
Triple Data Encryption Standard
Telediffusion de France
Telemetry/Tracking Data Formatter
Time Division/Domain Filtering
Title/Trace/Typeface Definition File/Format
Transaction Data File
Transborder/Transnational Data Flow
Transformada De Fourier
Telekommunikations-Dienst-Gesetz, Teledienstegesetz
Time Domain Harmonic Scaling
Transport Driver Interface
Trusted Devices List
Time Division Multiplexer/Multiplexing
300
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
TDMA
TDMF
TDP
TDP
TDR
TDRS
TDS
TDSR
TDSV
TDT
TDU
TDX
TE
TE
TE
TEA
TEB
TECO
TED
TEGFET
TEHO
TEI
TEI
TEI
TEI
TEL
TELEX
TELNET
TEMEX
TEMPE
TEN
TEP
TER
TET
TETRA
TF
TF
TF
TFA
TFB
TFB
TFB
TFC
TFC
TFD
TFDD
TFE
TFEL
TFH
TFH
TFH
TFM
TFN
TFS
TFT
TFTP
TFTS
Time Division Multiple/Multiplex Access
Transparent Data Migration Facility
Tag Distribution Protocol
Thermal/Typical Design Power
Time Domain Reflectometer/Reflectometry
Tracking and Data Relay Satellite
TeX Directory Structure
Transmitter Data Service Request
Telekommmunikations-Datenschutz-Verordnung
Terrestrial Dynamic Time
Topology Database Update
Time Domain Crosstalk
Terminal Equipment
Traffic Engineering
Type Enforcement
Tiny Encryption Algorithm
Thread Environment Block
Tape/Text Editor and Corrector
Telefonischer Ermittlungsdienst
Two-dimensional Electron Gas Field Effect Transistor
Tail End Hop Off
Terminal Endpoint Identifier
Text Encoding and Interchange
Text Encoding Initiative
Transport Error Indicator
Trans Europe Line
Telegraph Exchange (Fernschreiben)
Telecommunications Network
Telemetry Exchange
Telecommunications and Enterprise Multimedia Platform Environment
Trans European Network
Transequatorial Propagation
Terminal Interface
Test Environment Toolkit
Trans European/Terrestrial Trunked Radio (System)
Task Force
Term Frequency
Trägerfrequenz
Transparent File Access
Terminal Framing Bit/Bits
Thin Film Battery
Time Frequency Bus
Thermal Fly-height Control
Traffic Channel
Thin Film Diode
Text File Device Driver
Türfreisprecheinrichtung
Thin Film Electroluminescent
Text File/Files from Hell (Slang)
Thanks For Helping (Slang)
Thin Film Head
TeX Font Metric
Tribe Flood Network
Translucent File System (Sun)
Thin Film Transistor (Display)
Trivial File Transfer Protocol (Internet)
Terrestrial Flight Telephone System
301
TFTT
TG
TG
TGAL
TGB
TGIF
TGM
TGN
TGN
TGS
TGT
TH
TH
THD
THP
THT
THT
THWLAIAS
THX
THX
TI
TI
TI
TIA
TIA
TIA
TIAM
TIB
TIB
TIC
TIC
TICF
TID
TIDSV
TIE
TIES
TIES
TIF
TIFF
TIG
TIGA
TIL
TIM
TIM
TINAR
TINC
TINS
TINWIS
TIP
TIP
TIP
TIP
TIP
TIPC
TIPC
TIPC
TIPC
Thanks For The Thought (Slang)
Target
Transmission Group
Think Globally, Act Locally (Slang)
Tres Grande Bibliotheque
Thank God It’s Friday (Slang)
Timetable Generation Module
Thesaurus of Geographic Names
Transmission Group Number
Ticket Granting Server/Service
Ticket Granting Ticket
Transmission Header
Trouble History
Technische Hochschule Darmstadt (jetzt TUD), Deutschland
Tomlinson Harashima Precoder
Through Hole Technology
Token Hold/Holding Time/Timer
The Hour Was Late, And I Am Senile (Slang)
Thanks (Slang)
Tomlinson Holman’s Experiment
Tele Immersion
Texas Instruments Inc.
Transaction Identifier
Telecommunications Industries Association
Thanks In Advance (Slang)
Totally Integrated Automation
Terminal Interactive Access Method
Tag Information Base
Technische Informationsbibliothek, Hannover
Token Ring Interface Coupler
Tongue In Cheek (Slang)
Transport Independent Convergence for FNA
Target Identifier
Telekommunikations- und Informationsdienstunternehmen-Datenschutzverordnung
Time Interval Error
Telecom Information Exchange Services, Genf
Time-Independent Escape Sequence
Tag Image Format
Tag/Tagged Image File Format
Terminal Internet Gateway
Texas Instruments Graphics Architecture
Technical Information Library
Thermal Interface Material
Traffic Indication Map/Message
This Is Not A Recommendation/Review (Slang)
There Is No Cabal (Slang)
This Is No Shit (Slang)
That Is Not What I Said (Slang)
Technology Integration Program
Terminal IMP
Terminal Interface Processor
Terminal Internet Protocol
Transputer Image Processing
Telecommunications Information Privacy Code
Total Information Processing
Transparent Inter Process Communication
Transputer Image Processing
302
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
TIPHON
TIRPC
TISE
TK
TKG
TKIP
TKO
TKÜV
TKV
TKZULV
TL
TLA
TLA
TLA
TLAB
TLAP
TLB
TLC
TLD
TLDP
TLER
TLGE
TLH
TLI
TLK
TLM
TLN
TLN
TLN
TLN
TLN
TLN
TLNKG
TLQ
TLS
TLS
TLT
TLT
TLU
TLV
TM
TM
TM
TM
TM
TM
TMA
TMA
TMA
TMA
TMA
TMA
TMA
TMAC
TMAC
TMC
TMD
Telecommunications and Internet Protocol Harmonization over Networks
Transport Independent Remote Procedure Call
Take It Somewhere Else (Slang)
Telekommunikation
Telekommunikationsgesetz
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol
Telekommunikationsordnung
Telekommunikations-Überwachungsverordnung
Telekommunikations-Kundenschutzverordnung
Telekommunikationszulassungsverordnung
Transport Layer
Temporal Logic of Actions
Three Letter Acronym
Top Level Aggregator
Translation Look Aside Buffer
Token Talk Link Access Protocol
Translation Look Aside Buffer
Target Language Compiler
Top Level Domain
The Linux Documentation Project
Time Limited Error Recovery
The Little Golem Editor
Top Level Hierarchy
Transport/Transfer Layer/Library Interface
Trusted Linux Kernel
Telemetry (word)
Telephone/Transfer Line Number
Terminal Location Number
The Learning/Library/Local Network
Too Late Now (Slang)
Transnational Learning Network
Trunk Line Network
Teilnehmerkennung (NUI)
Top Letter Quality
Transport Layer Security
Three Level Scheduling
Teaching, Learning, and Technology
Temporal Logic of Transitions
Table Lookup
Tag, Length, Value
Tape/Trade Mark
Terminal Multiplexer
Test Mode
Traffic Management
Transaction Monitor
Turing Machine
Telecom Management
Telecommunication Managers’ Association
Telekom Malaysia
Thinfilm Micromirror Array
Timeseries Moving Average
Tivoli Management Agent
Trusted Mail Agent
Telex Multimedia Audio Communication
Tool Monitor Adaptive Control
Traffic Message Channel
Time Division Multiplexing
303
TMDS
TME
TME
TMG
TMM
TMN
TMN
TMO
TMP
TMR
TMR
TMRC
TMS
TMSI
TMSL
TMTO
TMTOWTDI
TN
TN
TNA
TNB
TNB
TNC
TND
TNFEM
TNHD
TNN
TNPC
TNPP
TNS
TNS
TNV
TNX
TO
TOA
TOC
TOD
TODO
TOE
TOEIC
TOF
TOF
TOFU
TOI
TOJ
TOL
TOM
TOP
TOP
TOPFET
TOR
TOR
TOS
TOS
TOS
TOS
TOUR
Transition Minimized Differential Signal
Tetra Meldeempfänger
Tivoli Management Environment
Telemediengesetz
Testing Maturity Model
Telecom Managed Network
Telecommunications Management Network
Thermal Magnetic Optical
Temporary
Triple Modular Redundancy
Tunnel/Tunneling Magnetoresistance
Tech Model Railroad Club
Truth Maintenance System
Temporary Mobile Subscriber Identity
Test and Measurement Systems Language
Time Memory Trade Off
There’s More Than One Way To Do It (Slang)
TelNet
Twisted Nematic (panel)
Temex-Netzabschluss
Teilnehmernetzbetreiber
Telekommunikationsnetz-Betreiber
Terminal Node Controller
(Directie) Toezicht Netwerken en Diensten (NL)
Twisted Nematic Field Effective Material
The New Hackers’s Dictionary
Transport Network Node
Taiwan New PC Consortium
Telocator Network Paging Protocol
Temporal Noise Shaping
Transparent Network Substrate
Total Network Visibility
Thanks (Slang)
Timeout
Type Of Address
Table Of Content/Contents
Time Of Day
(kein Akronym, to do = noch zu erledigen)
TCP/IP Offload Engine
Test of English for International Communication
Task Oriented Forms
Top of Form
Text Oben, Fullquote Unten (Slang)
T-Online International AG
Tears Of Joy (Slang)
T-Online
T-Online Messenger
Table Of Pages
Technical and Office Protocol
Temperature and Overload Protected FET
Telex Over Radio
The Onion Router
Tape Operating System
The/Tramiel’s Operating System
Top Of Stack
Type Of Service
Transport Optional Upgrade Release
304
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
TP
TP
TP
TP
TP
TP
TP0
TP4
TPA
TPC
TPC
TPDDI
TPDU
TPEP
TPF
TPF
TPH
TPI
TPI
TPM
TPM
TPM
TPM
TPS
TPS
TPS
TPSE
TPSN
TPTB
TPU
TPU
TPU
TQFP
TQM
TR
TR
TR
TR
TR
TR
TR
TRA
TRA
TRAC
TRAU
TRC
TRCVR
TRDMC
TRE
TREAT
TREC
TRIL
TRIP
TRIPS
TRIPS
TRIZ
TRMPWR
Technology Preview
Tiefpass
Traffic Program
Transaction Processing
Transport Protocol
Turbo PASCAL
Transport Protocol Class 0 (OSI)
Transport Protocol Class 4 (OSI)
Transient Program Area
Transaction Processing/Performance Council
Transmit Power Control
Twisted Pair Distributed Data Interface
Transport Protocol Data Unit
Trusted Product Evaluation Program
The Perl Foundation
Transmission Priority Field
Transport Packet Header
Tag Protocol Identifier
tracks per inch
Terrible/Trusted Platform Module
Third Party Maintenance
Transactions Per Minute
Trusted Platform Module
Third Person Shooter
Transaction Processing System
Transactions Per Second
Transaction Processing Service Element
Timing-Sync Protocol for Sensor Networks
The Powers That Be (Slang)
Text Processing Utility
Transparency Unit
Turbo PASCAL Unit
Thin Quad Flat Package
Total Quality Management
Task Register
Technische Richtlinie
Terminal Ready
Token Ring
Travan Cartridge
Travel Report
Trunk Reservation
Technology Related Anxiety
Telecommunications Research Associates
Telecommunications Recommendations Application Committee
Transcoder and Rate Adaption Unit
Tone Reproduction Curve
Transmitter-Receiver, Transceiver
Tears Running Down My Cheeks (Slang)
Telecommunications Research Establishment, Malvern, England
Trouble Report Evaluation and Analysis Tool
Text Retrieval Conference
Token Ring Interoperability Lab
Telephony Routing over IP
Tera-op, Reliable, Intelligently adaptive Processing System
Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
Teorija Reschenija Isobretatelskich Zadatsch
Terminator Power (Leitung, SCSI)
305
TRNG
TROLI
TRON
TRT
TRT
TRX
TS
TS
TSA
TSA
TSAP
TSAPI
TSB
TSC
TSC
TSCC
TSCC
TSCC
TSCC
TSCC
TSE
TSF
TSM
TSM
TSO
TSO
TSOHF
TSOP
TSP
TSP
TSP
TSPI
TSPS
TSR
TSS
TSS
TSS
TSS
TSS
TSSDC
TST
TSTN
TSW
TSWTCM
TT
TT
TT
TTAP
TTBOMK
TTCAN
TTCN
TTF
TTFF
TTFN
TTI
TTL
TTL
True Random Number Generator
Token Ring Optimized Link Interface
The Realtime Operating System Nucleus
Token Ring Terminal
Token Ring/Rotation Time/Timer
Transmitter-Receiver, Transceiver
Telesync
Transport Station, Telekom Service
Target Service Agent
Technical Support Alliance, Test Signal Analyser
Transport Service Access Point (OSI)
Telephony Server/Service Application Programming Interface
Technical Service Bulletin
Time Stamp Counter
Transport Scrambling Control
Technical Standards and Common Criteria
Technical Support Call/Contact Center
Techsmith Screen Capture Codec
Terminal Server Connection Configuration
Time Slot Control Channel
Text Setup Environment
Timing Synchronization Function
Terminal Server Manager (DEC)
Tivoli Storage Manager
TCP Segmentation Offload
Time Sharing Option (IBM)
Total Sense Of Humour Failure (Slang)
Thin Small Outline Package
Texture and Shading Processor
Time-Stamp Protocol
Travelling Salesman Problem
Telephony Service Provider Interface
Traffic Service Position System
Terminate and Stay Resident
Task State Segment
TCP Support for Sensor Networks
Telecommunications Standardisation/Standards Sector (ITU)
Temex-Schnittstelle
Time Sharing System
Task State Segment Descriptor Cache
Transmit Start Threshold
Triple Supertwisted Nematic
Tele-Software
Time Sliding Window Three Colour Marker
Terminal Timing
Tracing Thread
Trunk Type
Trust Technology Assessment Program
To The Best Of My Knowledge (Slang)
Time Triggered Communications Area Network
Testing and Test Control Notation
Truetype Font, Timetable File
Time To First Fix (GPS)
Ta Ta For Now (Slang)
Teaching, Training, and Information
Time To Live
Transistor-Transistor-Logik
306
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
TTLS
TTML
TTO
TTP
TTP
TTP
TTRT
TTS
TTS
TTT
TTT
TTTN
TTU
TTUL
TTW
TTX
TTX
TTXAU
TTY
TTYL
TU
TUBA
TUD
TUEB
TUG
TUG
TUHS
TUI
TULIP
TUP
TUSTEP
TV
TVC
TVI
TVOL
TVR
TVS
TVST
TVX
TWAIN
TWINKLE
TWIRP
TWIU
TWSC
TWX
TWX
TX
TX
TXC
TXD
TXD
TYCLO
TYVM
Tunneled Transport Layer Security
Tagged Text Markup Language
Tactical Technology Office
Time Triggered Protocol
Timed Token Protocol
Trusted Third Party
Target Token Rotation Time/Timer
Text To Speech
Transaction Tracking System
Teleteaching and Training
That’s The Truth (Slang)
Tandem Tie Trunk Network
Teletex-Telex-Umsetzer
Talk To You Later (Slang)
Through The Web
Teletex
Videotext
Teletex Access Unit
Teletype (Fernschreiber)
Type/Talk To You Later (Slang)
Tributary Unit
TCP and UDP with Big/Bigger Addresses
Technische Universität Darmstadt (ehemals THD), Deutschland
Temex-Uebertragungsbaugruppe
TeX User Group
Tributary Unit Group
The UNIX Heritage Society
Text/Touch User Interface
TCP and UDP over Lightweight IP
Telephone User Port
Tübinger System von Textverarbeitungsprogrammen
Television
Transient Virtual Channel
Television Interference
TV Online Cable Service
Temex-Vermittlungsrechner
Transient Voltage Suppressor
Teilnehmer-Vermittlungsstelle
Valid Transmission Time/Timer
Technology Without An Interesting Name
The Weizman Institute Key Locating Engine
Two Way Infrared Protocol
That’s What I Understand/Understood (Slang)
Team World Service Center
Teletypewriter Exchange Service
Twinax (Cable)
Telex (Fernschreiben)
transmit, Transmitter
Transmit Clock
Tranmitted Data
Transmitter Delay
Turn Your Caps Lock Off (Slang)
Thank You Very Much (Slang)
U
UA
Ultra-, Uniform, Universal, Unix, User
Unnumbered Acknowledgement (frame)
307
UA
UA
UAA
UAAC
UAC
UAC
UAE
UAE
UAF
UAM
UAP
UART
UAWG
UBB
UBC
UBC
UBE
UBH
UBH
UBH
UBH
UBHR
UBK
UBR
UC
UC
UC
UCAID
UCAR
UCB
UCD
UCD
UCE
UCF
UCFS
UCI
UCIR
UCITA
UCL
UCL
UCLA
UCO
UCR
UCS
UCS
UCS
UCS
UCSB
UCSC
UCSD
UCSF
UDB
UDC
UDDI
UDF
UDF
UDF
User Area/Agent (OSI)
Upgrade Advantage
Universally Administered Address
University Academic Advising Center, USA
Unbalanced Asynchronous Class
User Account Control
Universelle Anschlusseinrichtung
Unrecoverable Application Error
User Authorization File
User Authentication Method/Module
Upper Address Part (Bluetooth)
Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter
Universal ADSL Working Group
Unified Back Buffer
Unified Buffer Cache
University of British Columbia
Unsolicited Bulk Electronic Mail
Union de Bloggers Hispanos
Universität der Bundeswehr Hamburg
Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg
Usenet Binary Harvester
User Block Handling Routine
Universitätsbibliothek Karlsruhe
Unspecified/Undefined Bit Rate
Ubiquitous Computing
Universal Code
Upper Case
University Corporation for Advanced Internet Development
University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
University of California at Berkeley, USA
Uniform Call Distributor
Univention Corporate Desktop
Unsolicited Commercial Electronic Mail
Unregister Confirmation
Unix Connectivity File Service
Universal Chess Interface
User Controlled Interactive Retrieval
Uniform Computer Information Transaction Act
Universal Communications Language
University College London
University of California at Los Angeles, USA
Unstructured Complex Object
Undercolor Removal
Uniform Chromaticity Scale
Univention Corporate Server
Universal Card Slot
Universal Character Set (ISO 10646)
University of California at Santa Barbara, USA
University of California at Santa Cruz, USA
University of California at San Diego, USA
University of California at San Francisco, USA
Universal Database
User Defined Command
Universal Description, Discovery and Integration
Uniqueness Database File
Universal Disk Format
User Defined Function
308
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
UDI
UDI
UDI
UDK
UDLC
UDLI
UDM
UDMA
UDO
UDP
UDP
UDP
UDRP
UDSL
UDSV
UDT
UE
UEB
UEC
UED
UED
UED
UED
UEFI
UEG
UEI
UEM
UEM
UEP
UEP
UERE
UEV
UFC
UFC
UFC
UFC
UFS
UFS
UFS
UG
UG
UGL
UGS
UHC
UHCI
UHD
UHF
UHG
UHL
UHN
UI
UI
UI
UIAP
UIC
UIC
Unified Display/Driver Interface
Universal Document Identifier
Unrestricted Digital Information
Universale Dezimalklassifikation
Universal Data Link Control
Unified Design Language for Integrated Circuits, UDL/I
Unternehmensdatenmodell
Ultra Direct Memory Access
Ultra Density Optical (storage, disc)
Usenet Death Penalty (Slang)
User Datagram Protocol (Internet)
User Defined Protocol
Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (ICANN)
Unidirectional/Universal Digital Subscriber Line
Teledienst-Unternehmen-Datenschutz-Verordnung
User Defined Datatype
Unterhaltungs-Elektronik
Übertragungseinheit mit Basisbandverfahren
User Environment Component
Unreal Tournament Editor
URL Encoded Data
User Environment Design
User Experience Database/Directory
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface
Übertragungseinheit nach ITU G.703
Übertragungseinheit nach ITU I.430
Übertragungseinheit mit Modemverfahren
Universal Energy Management
Übergabepunkt
Unequal Error Protection
User Equivalent Range Error (GPS)
User End of Volume
Ubiquitous Fashionable Computer
Unified File Cache
URL Filter Client
User Filtered Content
Ultra Fast Switching
Universal/UNIX File System
Universal Flash Storage
Underrun Goal
User Group
Universal Glyph List
Univention Groupware Server
Unified Hangul Code
Universal Host Controller Interface
User Help Desk
Ultrahigh Frequency (300 MHz – 3 GHz)
Ultrahigh Gain (Antenna)
User Header Label
Unique Home Node
UNIX International
Unnumbered Information (frame)
User Interface
UNIX International Asia/Pacific
User Identification Code
User Interface Classes
309
UID
UIDL
UIFRAME
UIL
UIM
UIML
UIMS
UIO
UIPI
UIS
UIT
UKW
UL
UL
UL
ULA
ULA
ULD
ULCPC
UIN
UIN
UIN
ULN
ULP
ULP
ULSI
ULSN
ULV
UM
UMA
UMA
UMA
UMA
UMAC
UMB
UMD
UMI
UMIT
UMIT
UML
UML
UMM
UMM
UMPC
UMS
UMTS
UN
UN
UNA
UNC
UNC
UNC
UNC
UNDI
UNGTDI
UNI
UNICOM
Unique/Unix/User Identifier
Unique Identifier Listing
Unnumbered Information Frame
User Interface Language
User Interface Management
User Interface Markup Language
User Interface Management System
Userspace Input Output
User Interface Privilege Isolation
User Interface Specification
Union Internationale des Telecommunications
Ultrakurzwelle
Underwriters’ Laboratory, Inc.
Upload
Urban Legend (Slang)
Uncommitted Logic Array
Unique Local Address
Unabhängiges Landeszentrum für Datenschutz, Kiel
Ultra Low Cost Personal Computer
Unbreakable Linux Network
Unique Identification Number
Universal Internet Number
Universal Link Negotiation
Unit in the Last Place
Upper Layer Protocol
Ultra Large Scale Integration
Ultra Low Speed Networking
Ultra Low Voltage
Unified Messaging
Unified/Uniform Memory Access/Architecture
Universal Management Architecture
Unlicensed Mobile Access
Upper Memory Area
Universal Hashing Message Authentication Code
Upper Memory Block
Universal Media Disc (Sony)
User MAN Interface
University of Manchester Institute of Technology, UK
Utilities, Municipalities, and Independent Telcos
Unified Modeling Language
User Mode Linux
Unidirectional Multipoint to Multipoint
Unix Macro Magician
Ultra Mobile Personal Computer
Unified Messaging System
Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
Unbalanced Normal
United Nations
Upstream Neighbour Address
Unbalanced Normal Class
Uncorrectable (error)
Unique/Universal Naming Convention
University of North Carolina, USA
Universal Network Device Interface
UN Guidelines for Trade Data Interchange
User Network Interface
Universal Integrated Communication System
310
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
UNICORE
UNICOS
UNII
UNIVAC
UNIX
UNMA
UNO
UNSW
UP
UP
UP
UPA
UPA
UPC
UPC
UPC
UPE
UPGS
UPI
UPI
UPI
UPL
UPM
UPM
UPN
UPNP
UPP
UPPS
UPS
UPT
URA
URC
URD
URGC
URI
URJ
URL
URM
URM
URN
URQ
URSI
US
USAN
USART
USB
USB
USC
USDC
USF
USFF
USG
USIA
USIM
USK
USKA
USL
Uniform Interface to Computing Resources
UNIX-based Cray Operating System
Unlicensed National Information Infrastructure
Universal Automatic Computer
(kein Akronym, not an acronym)
Unified Network Management Architecture
Universal Network Objects
University of New South Wales, Australia
Unambiguous nondeterministic Polynomial time
Unnumbered Poll
User Plane
Ultra Port Architecture (Sun)
Usability Professionals Association
Universal Printer Controller
Universal Product Code
Usage/User Parameter Control
User Portability Extension
Unfinished Project Guilt Syndrome
United Press International
Universal Peripheral Interface
Upper Prediction Interval
User Program Language
Unidirectional Point to Multipoint
User Profile Management (IBM)
Umgekehrte Polnische Notation, RPN
Universal Plug and Play
Unidirectional Point to Point
Universal Portable Protocol Stack
Uninterruptable Power Supply, USV
Universal Personal Telecommunication (service)
Uniform Resource Agent
Uniform Resource Characterictics/Citation
URL Rendezvous Directory
Uniform Reliable Group Communication Protocol
Uniform/Universal Resource Identifier
Unregister Reject
Universal/Uniform Resource Locator (Internet)
Unbegrenzte Registermaschine
Universal Retention Module
Uniform Resource Name/Number
Unregister Request
Union Radio-Scientifique Internationale
Unit Separator
University Satellite Network
Universal Synchronous Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter
Universal Serial Bus
Upper Side Band
University of Southern California
US Display Consortium
Uplink State Flag
Ultra Slim Form Factor
UNIX Support/System Group (Novell)
US Information Agency
Universal Subscriber Identification/Identity Module
Unterhaltungssoftwareselbstkontrolle
Union Schweizer Kurzwellenamateure
UNIX System Laboratories (AT&T, Novell)
311
USLE
USM
USN
USO
USOC
USRP
USRT
USSA
USSD
USTA
USV
USW
UT
UTC
UTC
UTDOA
UTF
UTI
UTL
UTLB
UTMA
UTNET
UTP
UTP
UTRA
UTRAN
UTSL
UUCP
UUID
UUID
UULP
UUS
UUU
UV
UVC
UVD
UVL
UVP
UWB
UWG
UWM
UX
UXGA
UNIX System Laboratories Europe
User-based Security Model
Update Sequence Number
UNIX Software Operation
Uniform Service Order Code
Universal Software Radio Peripheral
Universal Synchronous Receiver Transmitter
Universal Storage System Architecture
Unstructured Supplementary Service Data
US Telephone Association
Unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung, UPS
Ultra Short Wave
Universal Terminal/Time
Unicode Technical Committee
Universal Time Coordinated
Uplink Time Difference Of Arrival
Unicode Transformation Format (UTF-8, UTF-16, UTF-32)
Universal Text Interchange
User Trailer Label
Unified TLB
Ultra Thin Client Multiple Access
University of Texas Network
Universal Personal Telephone Service
Unshielded Twisted Pair
UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access
UMTS Radio Access Network
Use The Source, Luke (Slang)
UNIX to UNIX Copy Program/Protokoll
Unique Universal Identifier (DCE)
Universally Unique Identifier
Unified User Level Protocol
User to User Signalling
Unknown UNIX User (J. Random Hacker?)
Ultraviolett
USB Video Class
Unified Video Decoder
User Volume Label
Under-Voltage Protection
Ultra Wide Band
Gesetz gegen den unlauteren Wettbewerb
Universal Window Manager
Unix (all kinds, BSD + Linux incl.)
Ultra Extended Graphics Array
V
V24
V4FSL
VA
VA
VA
VA
VAB
VACM
VAD
VAD
VAD
Value, Video, Virtual
V.24(CCITT-Norm für eine serielle Schnittstelle)
System V Release 4 File System Layout
Vertical Alignment (panel)
Virtual Address
Volladdierer
Vulnerability Assessment
Value Added Business
View-based Access Control Model
Value Added Driver/Disaster/Dealer
Value Assignment Delay
Voice Activity Detection/Detector
312
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
VADCG
VADD
VADE
VADER
VADS
VADSL
VAFC
VAL
VAM
VAM
VAN
VANS
VAP
VAP
VAR
VAS
VASCOM
VAST
VAT
VATM
VATP
VAX
VB
VB
VB
VB
VBA
VBE
VBFS
VBG
VBL
VBN
VBNS
VBR
VBR-NRT
VBR-RT
VBS
VBS
VC
VCA
VCC
VCCI
VCD
VCD
VCEG
VCF
VCI
VCK
VCL
VCL
VCL
VCLF
VCM
VCO
VCPI
VCR
VCS
Vancouver Amateur Digital Communications Group
Value Added Disk Driver
View, Add, Delete, Edit
View, Add, Delete, Edit, Restore
Value Added Data Service
Very High Rate Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line
VESA Advanced Feature Connector
Voice Application Language
Verband der Anbieter von Mobilfunkdiensten, Bonn
Virtual Access Method
Value Added Network
Value Added Network Services
Value Added Process
Virtual Access Point
Value Added Reseller/Retailer
Value Added Service
Value Added Services Network Communication
Vector and Array Syntax Translator
Video/Visual Audio Tool
Verband der Anbieter von Telekommunikations- und Mehrwertdiensten
Velazquez Application Transfer Protocol
Virtual Address Extension (DEC)
Variable Block
VESA Bus
Virtual Beer
Visual Basic
Visual BASIC for Applications (Microsoft)
VESA BIOS Extensions
Very Big File System
Very Big Grin (Slang)
Vertical Blanking
Vermittelndes/Vermitteltes/Vorläufer Breitbandnetz (Telekom)
Very High Performance/Speed Backbone/Broadband Network Service
Variable Bit Rate (Encoding)
Variable Bit Rate - No Real Time
Variable Bit Rate - Real Time
Verteiltes Betriebssystem
Visual Basic Script
Virtual Call/Circuit/Channel/Connection/Container
Voltage Controlled Amplifier
Virtual Channel Connection
Voluntary Control Council for Interferences
Video Compact Disc
Virtual Communications Driver
Video Coding Experts Group
Voltage Controlled Filter
Virtual Channel Identifier/Indicator
Virtueller Campus Karlsruhe
Video Coding Layer
Virtual Channel Link
Visual Computing Library
Virtual (host) Common Logfile Format
Virtual Channel Memory
Voltage Controlled Oscillator
Virtual Control Programm Interface
Video Cassette/Conference Recorder
Virtueller Campus Schweiz
313
VCS
VCSC
VCSEL
VCSIP
VCU
VCX
VD
VD
VDC
VDCW
VDD
VDDM
VDOP
VDE
VDE
VDE
VDE
VDEW
VDF
VDG
VDI
VDI
VDI
VDM
VDM
VDMSL
VDN
VDP
VDP
VDPI
VDR
VDR
VDS
VDSL
VDSO
VDT
VDU
VDV
VE
VE
VE
VE
VECLF
VEMM
VERI
VERIF
VERP
VESA
VEX
VF
VFAT
VFD
VFH
VFIP
VFIR
VFN
VFO
Version/Virus Control System
Virtual Campus Supercomputing Center
Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser
Videotex Communication System for Information Providers
Voice Communication Unit
Virtual Component Exchange
Voice + Data, V+D
Volume Descriptor
Virtual Device Coordinates
Verband der Deutschen Content Wirtschaft
Virtual Device/Display Driver
Virtual Device Driver Manager
Vertical Dilution Of Precision
Verallgemeinertes Darstellungselement
Verband Deutscher Elektrotechniker
Video Display Editor
Virtual Distributed Ethernet
Vereinigung Deutscher Elektrizitätswerke
Variable Data File
Video Display Generator
Video Display Interface
Virtual Desktop Infrastructure
Virtual Device Interface
Vienna Development Method
Virtual DOS Machine
Vienna Development Method – Semantic Language
Virtual Data Network
Video Datagram Protocol
Video Distribution Profile
Verein der Post-Ingenieure
Video Disc Recorder
Voltage Dependent Resistor
Virtual Direct Memory Access Service
Very High Bitrate/Data Rate Digital Subscriber Line
Virtual Dynamically linked Shared Object
Video/Visual Display Terminal
Video/Visual Display Unit
Vorbestellte Dauerwählverbindung
Verbraucher-Elektronik
Vermittlungseinrichtung
Virtual Environment
Volksempfänger
Virtual (host) Extended Logfile Format
Virtual Expanded Memory Manager
Virtual Environments Research Institute, Houston
Verification
Variable Envelope Return Path
Video Electronics Standards Association
Video Extensions to XWS
Voice Frequency
Virtual File Allocation Table
Vacuum Fluorescent Display
Virtuelle Fachhochschule
Voice File Interchange Protocol (Internet)
Very Fast Infrared
Vendor Feature Note
Variable Frequency Oscillator
314
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
VFPI
VFS
VFS
VFSDX
VFW
VG
VGA
VGA
VGC
VGDA
VGF
VGNV
VGRA
VGU
VHCI
VHD
VHD
VHDCI
VHDL
VHDSL
VHE
VHF
VHLL
VHS
VHS
VHS
VHSIC
VHSIM
VHT
VIA
VIA
VIAD
VIB
VIB
VIBTS
VIC
VID
VID
VEIL
VIKAR
VIM
VINCE
VINES
VIO
VIOLA
VIOLD
VIP
VIP
VIP
VIP
VIRIM
VIROR
VIS
VISC
VISDP
VITA
VITAL
Verein zur Förderung der Pädagogik der Informationstechnologie
Versioning File System
Virtual File System
Verordnung für den Fernschreib- und Datexdienst
Video For Windows (Microsoft)
Volume Group
Vertical Grid Array
Video Graphics Array
Video Graphics Controller
Volume Group Descriptor Area
Voice Grade Facility
Verkehrsgebührennachverarbeitung
Volume Group Reserved Area
Virtual Global University
Virtual Host Controller Interconnect
Very/Video High Density
Virtual Hard Disk/Help Desk
Very High Density Cable Interconnect
VHSIC Hardware Description Language
Very High Bit Rate/Speed Digital Subscriber Line
Virtual Home Environment
Very High Frequency (30 – 300 MHz)
Very High Level Language
Very High Speed
Video Home System
Virtual Host Storage
Very High Speed Integrated Circuit
Very High Speed Interface Module
Verteilte Hash-Tabelle
Vendors ISDN Association
Virtual Interface Architecture
Video Image Area Definition
Video Interface Bus
Virtualisierung im Bildungsbereich
VTAM Integrated Bulk Data Transfer System
Video/Voice Interface Card/Controller
VLAN Identifier
Voltage Identification
Video Encoded Invisible Light
Virtueller Hochschulverbund Karlsruhe
Vendor Independent Messaging
Vendor Independent Network Control Entity
Virtual Network/Networking System/Software (Banyan)
Video/Virtual/Voltage Input Output
Vertically Integrated Optical Testbed for Large Applications
Vision Impaired On-line Documentation (DEC)
Variable Information Processing
Video Input Processor
Video Interface Port
Virtual IP (address, network)
Virtual Reality in Medicine
Virtuelle Universität Oberrhein
Voice Information System, Virtual Instruction Set
Video Instruction Set Computing
verantwortlich im Sinne des Pressegestzes
VMEbus International Trade Association
Virtually Integrated Technical Architecture Lifecycle (Apple)
315
VJ
VJHC
VK
VK
VK
VKL
VL
VL
VLA
VLA
VLAN
VLB
VLB
VLBA
VLBI
VLC
VLDB
VLDB
VLDW
VLF
VLF
VLI
VLIS
VLIW
VLM
VLM
VLP
VLR
VLSI
VLSIC
VLSM
VM
VM
VMA
VMB
VMC
VMD
VME
VME
VME
VMG
VMI
VMI
VMI
VMI
VML
VML
VMM
VMR
VMRP
VMS
VMS
VMSC
VMT
VMT
VMTP
VMX
Van Jacobsen (Compression)
Van Jacobsen Header Compression
Videokonferenz
Visitenkarte
Visuelle Kommunikation
Verkehrseinschränkungsklasse
Virtual Life (Slang)
Volume Location
Very Large Array
Volume License Agreement
Very/Virtual Local Area Network
Verzeichnis lieferbarer Bücher
VESA Local Bus
Very Long Baseline Array
Very Long Baseline Interferometry
Variable (word) Length Code
Very Large Data Base
Volume Location Database
Very Long Data Word
Very Low Frequency
Virtual Lookaside Facility
Variable Length Integer
Verkehrs-Leit und Informations-System
Very Long Instruction Word
Very Large Memory
Virtual Loadable Module
Very Low Profile
Visitor Location Register
Very Large Scale Integration
Very Large Scale Integration Circuit
Variable Length Subnet Mask/Masking
Video Mode
Virtual Machine/Memory
Virtual Memory Access/Area
Video Memory Buffer
VESA Media Channel
Versatile Multilayer Disc
Versacard Modified for Eurocard (Bus)
Virtual Memory Executive
Virtual (8086) Mode Enhancements
Video Manager
Vertical Motion Index
Video Module Interface
Virtual Machine Interface
VMware Machine Interface
Vector Markup Language
Vector Mathematical Library
Virtual Machine/Memory Manager/Monitor
Video Mixing Renderer
VLAN Membership Resolution Protocol
Virtual Memory System (DEC)
Voice Mail/Messaging Server/System
Visited Mobile Switching Centre
Virtual Memory Technique
Virtual Method Table
Versatile Message Transaction Protocol (Internet)
Vector Multimedia Extension
316
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
VMZ
VNA
VNC
VNET
VNL
VNS
VO
VO
VOB
VOBS
VOBU
VOC
VOC
VOD
VODS
VOF
VOFDM
VOFR
VOI
VOIP
VOL
VON
VOR
VOS
VOTS
VOX
VP
VPA
VPC
VPC
VPC
VPD
VPD
VPD
VPD
VPD
VPD
VPD
VPD
VPD
VPD
VPD
VPD
VPDN
VPDS
VPE
VPI
VPL
VPL
VPLS
VPM
VPN
VPNS
VPO
VPP
VPP
VPP
Verkehrsmanagement-Zentrum/Zentrale
Virtual Network Architecture
Virtual Network Computing
Virtual Network
Via Net Loss
Virtual Notebook System
Virtual Object/Organization
Vollzugsordnung (Funkdienst)
Video Object
Video Object Set
Video Object Unit
Voice (File)
Volatile Organic Compound
Video On Demand
Video Operators Distress Syndrom
Vollzugsordnung für den Funkdienst
Vector Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
Voice over Frame Relay
Verband der Optischen Informationssysteme
Voice over IP
Volume Label
Video/Voice Over Net
VHF Omnidirectional Radio Range
Virtual Operating System
VAX OSI Transport Service
Voice Operated Transmission
Virtual Path
Virtual Proxy Agent
Very Personal Computer
Virtual Path Connection
Virtual Personal Computer
Vacuum Photo Diode
Verified Pateint Data
Version Planning Document
Vertical Polar Diagram
Vertically Polarized Dipole
Virtual Predictive Dialing
Virtual Printer Device
Virtual Private Database
Virtual Product Development
Vital Product Data (IBM)
Voice Packet Driver
Volunteer Project Directory
Virtual Private Data/Dialup Network
Virtual Private Data Service
Virtual Processing Element
Virtual Path Identifier/Indicator
Virtual Path Link
Virtual/Visual Programming Language
Virtual Private LAN/Line Service
Virtual Protocol Machine
Virtual Private Network
Virtual Private Network Service
Virtual Projection Origin
Value Predictability Pattern
Virtual Presence Protocol
Volts Peak to Peak
317
VPP
VPRT
VPS
VPS
VPS
VPT
VPU
VPV
VPWS
VQ
VQEG
VQF
VR
VR
VRA
VRAM
VRC
VRC
VRC
VRCA
VRCB
VRD
VRF
VRF
VRID
VRM
VRM
VRML
VRN
VROOMM
VRP
VRPRQ
VRPRS
VRRP
VRU
VRV
VS
VSA
VSA
VSAM
VSAT
VSC
VSD
VSE
VSE
VSF
VSI
VSI
VSIS
VSK
VSL
VSL
VSM
VSM
VSMO
VSMSC
VSN
VXI Plug + Play
Verband Privater Rundfunk und Telekommunikation
Verbindungsprogrammierte Steuerung
Video Program/Programm/Programmier-Service/System
Virtual Private Server
Virtual Printing Technology
Video/Virtual/Visual/Vector/Voice Processing/Processor Unit
Videotex programmiert Video-Recorder
Virtual Private Wire Service
Vector Quantization
Video Quality Experts Group
Vector Quantization Format
Virtual Reality/Route
Voltage Regulator
Vollständiger Regulärer Ausdruck
Video Random Access Memory
Vertical Redundancy Check
Viewing Reference Coordinate
Virtual Route Control
Virtual Reality Center Aachen
Virtual Route Control Block
Virtual Retinal Display
Vector Register File
Video Recording Format
Virtual Route Identifier
Variable Range Marker
Voltage Regulator Module
Virtual Reality Modeling Language
Virtual Route Number
Virtual Realtime Object-Oriented Memory Management
Viewing Reference Point
Virtual Route Pacing Request
Virtual Route Pacing Response
Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol
Voice Response Unit
Vorwärts-Rückwärts-Verhältnis
Virtual Storage
Virtual Server Architecture
Virtual Storage Access
Virtual Storage Access Method
Very Small Aperture Terminal
Voice Security Card
Variable Speed Drive
Verification Support Environment
Virtual Storage Extended
Vertical Scanning Frequency
Verband der Software-Industrie Deutschlands e. V.
Virtual Socket Interface (Alliance)
Video Signal Standard (VESA)
Video-Sender-Kennung
Vienna Symphonic Library
Virtual Socket Library
Virtual Shared Memory
Virtual Storage Management
Virtual Social Memory Organizer
Virtual Short Message Center
Virtual Switched Network
318
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VSO
VSO
VSO
VSOP
VSOS
VSPW
VST
VST
VSWR
VSX
VSYNC
VT
VT
VT
VT
VTAM
VTB
VTC
VTC
VTCO
VTM
VTOA
VTOC
VTOS
VTP
VTS
VTS
VTS
VTSU
VU
VUD
VUE
VUEN
VUI
VUIT
VUP
VUP
VV
VV
VVL
VVPAT
VWM
VXD
VXE
VXFS
VXI
VZFDPBDK
Variable Speed Operation
Vertical Synchronization Offset
VITA Standards Organization
Very Special Old Programmer (like me)
Virtual Storage Operating System
Vertical Synchronization Pulse Width
Vermittlungsstelle
Voltage Settling Time
Voltage Standing Wave Ratio
Verification Suite for X/Open
Vertical Synchronization (signal)
Vanderpool Technology (Intel)
Vertical Tabulator
Video/Virtual Terminal
Visualization Tool
Virtual Terminal/Telecommunications Access Method
Video Timing Block
Vertical Transistor Cell
Video Teleconference Center
Virtual Terminal Control Object
Verband der Telekommunikationsnetz- und Mehrwertdiensteanbieter, Köln
Voice and Telephony Over ATM
Volume Table Of Contents
Virtual Time Operating System
Virtual Terminal Protocol
Video Title Set
Virtual Tape/Terminal Server/Service/Support
Voucher Trading System
Virtual Terminal Support
Volume Unit (Lautstärke)
Verband der Unterhaltungssoftware Deutschland
Visual User Environment
Virtual University Education Network
Video User Interface
Visual User Interface Tool (DEC)
VAX Unit of Performance
Version Upgrade
Versorgungsvereinbarung
Virtual Virtuality
Verbund Virtuelles Labor
Voter Verified Paper Audit Trail
Virtual Warehouse Manager
Virtual Device Driver (Microsoft)
VESA XGA Extensions
VERITAS File System
VME Extensions for Instrumentation
Verein zur Förderung der privat betriebenen Daten-Kommunikation e. V.
W
W3
W3C
WAA
WAA
WAA
WAA
WAAS
Wide, Window, Wireless, World
WWW, World Wide Web (Internet)
World Wide Web Consortium
Wavelet Analysis and its Applications
Web Analytics Association
Web Application Adaptor
Wireless Advertising Association
Wide Area Augmentation System
319
WAB
WABI
WACK
WACS
WAD
WADFS
WAE
WAENA
WAF
WAF
WAFL
WAI
WAIK
WAIS
WAITS
WAL
WAM
WAM
WAMKSAM
WAMP
WAMPUM
WAN
WAO
WAP
WAP
WAPECS
WAPI
WARC
WASP
WATS
WATTC
WAWA
WB
WB
WBA
WBC
WBC
WBEM
WBM
WBRC
WBT
WBT
WC
WC
WC
WCAG
WCF
WCF
WCF
WCF
WCF
WCCP
WCDMA
WCE
WCMS
WCP
WCPN
What Another Bill (Slang)
Windows Application Binary Interface
Wait Acknowledgement
Wireless Access Communications System
Wählautomat für Datenverbindungen
Wide Area Distributed File System
Worked All Europe
Wide Area Educational Network
Web Application Firewall
Womens’ Acceptance Factor
Write Anywhere File Layout
Web Accessibility Initiative
Windows Automated Installation Toolkit
Wide Area Information Servers/Service
Wide Area Information Transfer System
Write Ahead Logging
Warren Abstract Machine
Wide Amplitude Modulation
Why Are My Kids Staring At Me? (Slang)
Windows, Apache, MySQL, PHP
Ward’s Automated Menu Package Using Microcomputers
Wide Area Network
Warteschlange der ablaufbereiten Objekte
Wireless Application Protocol
Wissenschaftlicher Arbeitsplatz
Wireless Access Policy for Electronic Communication Services
Wireless Authentication and Privacy Infrastructure
World Administrative Radio Conference
Web Standards Project
Wide Area Telephone/Telecommunications Service
World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference
Work Anywhere With Anybody
Welcome Back (Slang)
Write Back
Wireless Broadband Access
Web Based Communication
Wide Band Channel
Web Based Enterprise Management
Web Based Management
Württembergisch-Badischer Radioclub
Web Based Training
Windows Based Terminal
Workgroup Computing
World Coordinate
Worst Case
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines
Waveguide Cavity Filter
Weather/Wireless Communications Facility
Web Component Framework
Windows Communication Foundation
Word Class Function
Web Cache Coordination Protocol
Wideband Code Division Multiple Access
Write Cache Enable
Web Content Management System
Worst Current Practice
Wireless Customer Premises Network
320
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WCS
WCS
WCT
WD
WDA
WDDM
WDM
WDM
WDS
WDSL
WDYMBT
WDYS
WDT
WE
WEB
WEB
WEB
WEBDAV
WEEB
WEEE
WEFT
WELL
WEP
WF
WFA
WFG
WFM
WFM
WFM
WFMC
WFMS
WFP
WFP
WFP
WFQ
WFS
WFW
WG
WGA
WGDTB
WGIG
WGS
WGS
WHAK
WHNF
WHQL
WIA
WIBNI
WIC
WILD
WIMAX
WIMP
WIMPS
WIMRE
WIN
WIN
WINS
Wireless Control System
Writable Control Store
WIPO Copyright Treaty
Western Digital
Wahldiensteanbieter
Windows Display Driver Model
Wavelength Division Multiplexer/Multiplexing
Windows Driver Model
Wireless Distribution System
Wireless Digital Subscriber Line
What Do You Mean By That (Slang)
What Did You Say (Slang)
Watchdog Timer
Write Enable
Workshop on E-Business
World Entertainment Broadcasting
(short for:) World Wide Web, WWW
Web Document Authoring And Versioning
Western European EDIFACT Board
Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment
Web Embedding Fonts Tool (Microsoft)
Whole Earth ’Lectronic Link
Wired/Wireless Equipment/Equivalent Privacy/Protocol
Workflow
Wi-Fi Alliance
Wait For Graph
Wide Frequency Modulation
Wired for Management
Works For Me (and no one else)
Workflow Management Coalition
Workflow Management System
Wait for First Packet
Well Formed Path
Windows File Protection
Weighted Fair Queuing
Woodstock File Server
Windows For Workgroups (Microsoft)
Working Group (ISO)
Windows Genuine Advantage
Working Group on Digital Television Broadcasting
Working Group on Internet Governance (ITU)
Work Group System
World Geodetic System (WGS84)
With Hugs And Kisses (Slang)
Weak Head Normal Form
Windows Hardware Quality Lab
Windows Image Acquisition
Would It Be Nice If (Slang)
Wireless Indoor Communication
Wireless Interactive Learning Device
Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
Windows, Icons, Menus/Mice, Pointing (s. a. MUFF)
Windows, Icons, Menus/Mice, Pointing, Scroll bars
Wenn Ich Mich Recht Erinnere (Slang)
Wireless Inhouse Network
Wissenschaftsnetz des DFN (X.25)
Windows Internet Name Service (Microsoft)
321
WINS
WIP
WIPO
WIS
WISOA
WISP
WKS
WL
WLAN
WLANA
WLBS
WLL
WLM
WM
WMA
WMAN
WMD
WMD
WMD
WMD
WMDRM
WME
WMF
WMI
WML
WMM
WMN
WMR
WMRS
WMS
WMT
WMV
WNIC
WNIM
WNP
WNPP
WOA
WOCNRA
WOD
WOK
WOL
WOL
WOLF
WOM
WOM
WOMBAT
WOP
WORM
WOS
WOS
WOS
WOS
WOS
WOS
WOS
WOSA
WOT
Wireless Integrated Network Sensor
Work In Progress (Slang)
World Intellectual Property Organization
Windows Installer Service
WIMAX Spectrum Owners Alliance
Wireless Internet Service Provider
Well Known Service/Socket (Internet)
Wear Leveling
Wireless Local Area Network
Wireless LAN Association
Windows Load Balancing Service
Wireless Local Loop
Workload Manager
Window Manager
Windows Media Audio
Wireless Metropolitan Area Network
Web Media Developers
Windows Media Device/Download
World Mail Directory
WYSIWYM Markdown (language, editor)
Windows Media Digital Rights Management
Windows Media Encoder
Windows Media/Metafile Format
Windows Management Interface/Instrumentation
Wireless Markup Language
Wi-Fi Multimedia
Wireless Mesh Network
Wireless Meshing Router
Write Me Real Soon (Slang)
Wide Area Master Station
Windows Media Technologies
Windows Media Video
WAN Interface Coprocessor
WAN Interface Module
Weissbier Networking Protocol (Microhopf)
Work-Needing and Prospective Package (Debian)
Web Object Application
Wobble Signal to Noise Ration after Recording
Web Object Definition
Wake On Keyboard
Wake On LAN
Window Object Library
Weak Signal Operation for Low Frequency
Wake On Modem
Write-Only-Memory
Waste Of Money, Brains, And Time (Slang)
Werkstattorientierte Programmierung
Write Once, Read Many/Multiple
Web Object Script
Web/Workplace/Workstation Operating System
Webserver On Stick
Windows Open Services
Wireless Office Services/Solutions/System
Wizards of OS (Operating Systems)
Workshop for Open Systems
Windows Open Systems Architecture (Microsoft)
Web Of Trust
322
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
WOTA
WP
WP
WP
WP
WPA
WPAN
WPC
WPD
WPF
WPHD
WPIM
WPM
WPPT
WPS
WPS
WPS
WRAM
WRB
WREL
WRL
WRP
WRR
WRS
WRT
WRTH
WS
WS
WS
WSAD
WSDL
WSGI
WSH
WSIS
WSN
WSP
WSQ
WSRF
WSS
WSS
WSS
WST
WSTS
WSUS
WT
WT
WTB
WTH
WTK
WTL
WTLS
WTOS
WTS
WTS
WTS
WTS
WTS
Who’s On The Air (database)
White Pages
Wikipedia
Word Processor
Write Protected
Wi-Fi Protected Access
Wireless Personal Area Network
Wearable Personal Computer
Windows Printer Description
Windows Presentation Foundation
Write Protected Hard Disk
WAN Interface Port Module
words per minute
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
Wi-Fi Protected Setup
Windows Printing System
Workplace Shell (IBM)
Window Random Access Memory
Web Request Broker
Wireless Resonant Energy Link
(DEC) Western Research Laboratory
Winsock Redirection Protocol
Weighted Round Robin
Wide Area Ground Reference Station
With Regard/Respect To (Slang)
World Radio and Television Handbook
Wide Screen
Window Size
Workstation
Websphere Studio Application Developer
Web Services Description Language
(Python) Web Server Gateway Interface
Windows Scripting Host
World Summit on the Information Society
Wireless Sensor Network
Web Standards Project
Wavelet Scalar Quantization
Web Services Resource Framework
Web Services Security
Windows Sharepoint Services (Microsoft)
Windows Sound System (Microsoft)
World System Teletext
World Semiconductor Trade Statistics
Windows Server Update Services
Without Thinking (Slang)
Write Through
Wanted To Buy (Slang)
What The Heck/Hell (Slang)
Wechselstrom-Telegrafie auf Kurzwelle
Wechselstrom-Telegrafie auf Langwelle
Wireless Transport Layer Security
Wyse Thin Operating System
Web/Wireless Tracking System
Web Transaction Security/Services
Web Transcoding Server
WiMAX Test System
Windows Terminal Server (Microsoft)
323
WTS
WTS
WTT
WTTF
WTTM
WULF
WUS
WUSB
WUXGA
WVQ
WW
WWC
WWDM
WWG
WWOZ
WWRF
WWW
WWW
WWW
WWWW
WWWWW
WXGA
WYS
WYSIWYG
WYSIWYM
WYSIWIS
WZC
Wireless Telephone System
World Telecommunication Standardization
Wanted To Trade (Slang)
Want To Test First (Slang)
Without Thinking Too Much (Slang)
Wake Up on Line/Liquid Feed
Windows Update Services (Microsoft)
Wireless Universal Serial Bus
Wide Ultra Extended Graphics Array
Wavelet Vector Quantization
Wahlwiederholung
World Wide Computing
Wide Wavelength Division Multiplex
Wieder Was Gelernt (Slang)
Wahre Weingartener Ortszeit
Wireless World Research Forum
W3, World Wide Web, World Wide Waiting, Weltweites Warten
Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows ME
Works With and Without
World Wide Web Wizard/Worm
World Wide Web Worm Warning
Wide Extended Graphics Array
Whatever You Say (Slang)
What You See Is What You Get
What You See Is What You Mean
What You See Is What I See
Wireless Zero Configuration
X
X11
X11R7
XA
XAA
XAFS
XAML
XAPIA
XAUI
XBAC
XBAP
XBM
XBRL
XCBP
XCD
XCHG
XCHS
XCMD
XCMD
XCP
XD
XD
XDCS
XDF
XDLE
XDMCP
XDP
XDR
Exchange, Execute, Extended, X Window System
X Window System Version 11
X Window System Version 11 Release 7
Extended Architecture/Attribute
XFree86 Acceleration Architecture
X-ray Absorption Fine Structure
Extensible Application Markup Language
X.400-API Association
10 Gigabit Attachment Unit Interface
Experience Based Admission Control
XAML Browser Application
X Window System Black-and-white Bitmap (file)
Extensible Business Reporting Language
XML Common Biometric Format
Extended Compact Disc
Exchange
Extended Cylinders, Heads, Sectors
Extended Mode Command (Apple)
External Command
Extended Copy Protection (Sony)
Execute Disable
Extreme Digital (Card)
X/Open Distributed Computing Services
Extended Density Format (IBM)
Transparent Data Link Escape
X11 Display Manager Control Protocol
XML Data Package
External/Extended Data Representation
324
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
XDS
XED
XETB
XETX
XEWA
XFA
XFA
XFCN
XFDF
XFDL
XFN
XFS
XFS
XFS
XFS
XG
XGA
XHCI
XHTML
XID
XIE
XIE-DIS
XIM
XIO
XITB
XKB
XLATE
XLFD
XLINK
XLL
XLL
XLM
XMI
XMIT
XML
XMM
XMP
XMP
XMPP
XMS
XMSN
XMT
XMTR
XNS
XOFF
XOM
XON
XOR
XORP
XOS
XOT
XP
XP
XPC
XPEL
XPFE
XPG
X/Open Directory Service
XML Enabled Directory
Transparent End of Transmission Block
Transparent End of Text
XML-Enabled Wide Area Search in Bioinformatics
Extended File Attribute
XML Forms Architecture
External Function
XML Forms Data Format
Extensible Forms Description Language
X/Open Federated Naming Service
Extensions for Financial Services
SGI Extended File System
X11 Extended File System
X11 Font Server
Extended General MIDI
Extended Graphics Array (IBM)
Extended Host Controller Interface
Extensible Hypertext Markup Language
Exchange Identifier/Identification
X11 Image/Imaging Extension (Standard)
XIE Document Imaging Subset
X11 Input Method
Extended Input Output
Transparent Intermediate Block
X11 Keyboard Extension
Translate
X11 Logical Font Description/Descriptor
Extended Local Informatik Netz Karlsruhe
Extensible Linking Language
XLink and XPointer Languages
Excel Macro Language (Microsoft)
XTendbus Multibus Interface
Transmit
Extensible Markup Language
Extended Memory Manager
X/Open Management Protocol
Extensible Metadata Platform (Adobe)
Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol
Extended Memory Specification
Transmission
Transmit
Transmitter
Xerox Network Services/Standard/System
Exchange/Transmitter Off
X/Open Management
Exchange/Transmitter On
Exclusive Or (auch: EOR)
Extensible Open Router Platform
Experimental Operating System
X.25 Over TCP/IP
Cross Point
Extreme Programming
X11 Performance Characterization Group
X11 Protocol Engine Library
Cross Platform Front End
X/Open Portability Guide
325
XPLA
XPM
XPS
XPT
XPVM
XR
XRC
XREF
XSC
XSDT
XSI
XSL
XSLFO
XSLT
XSMD
XSMP
XSS
XSSI
XSSO
XSTX
XSYN
XT
XT
XTAL
XTCLK
XTI
XTP
XTTD
XUI
XUL
XUMA
XVE
XVI
XVS
XVT
XWD
XWS
Extended Programmable Logic Array
X Window System Pixelmap (file)
XML Paper Specification
External Page Table
Executable Parallel Virtual Machine
Index Register
Extended Remote Copy
Cross Reference List
Extended Scientific Calculation
Extended System Description Table
X/Open Systenm Interface Specification
Extensible Style(sheet) Language
Extensible Style(sheet) Language Formatting Object
Extensible Style(sheet) Language Transformation
Extended Storage Module Drive
X11 Session Manager Protocol
Cross-Site Scripting
Extended Server Side Includes
X/Open Single Sign-On (Service)
Transparent Start of Text
Transparent Synchronous Idle
Crosstalk
Extended Technology
Crystal
External Transmit Clock
X/Open Transport (Layer) Interface
XPress Transfer Protocol
Transparent Temporary Text Delay
X11 User Interface
Extensible/XML-Based User Interface Language
Expertensystem Umweltgefährlichkeit von Altlasten
X11 Visual Extensions
XTendbus VMEbus Interface
X/Open System V Specification
Extensible Virtual Toolkit
X11 Window Dump
X Window System, X11
Y2K
YABA
YAFIYGI
YAFFS
YALE
YAODL
YAPC
YAPL
YAS
YCAGWYW
YDL
YKWIS
YMD
YMMD
YMMD
YMMV
YODL
YOU
Year 2000 A.D.
Yet Another Bloody Acronym (Slang)
You Asked For It, You Got It (Slang)
Yet Another Flash File System
Yet Another Learning Environment
Yet Another Object Description Language
Yet Another Perl Conference
Yet Another Programming Language
Yet Another Society
You cannot always get what you want (Slang)
Yellow Dog Linux
You Know What I’m Saying (Slang)
Year Month Day (ISO 8601)
You Made My Day (Slang)
Your Mileage May Differ/Diminish (Slang)
Your Mileage May Vary (Slang)
Yet one Other Document Language
YAST Online Update (SuSE)
326
ANHANG U. ABKÜRZUNGEN AUS INFORMATIK UND TELEKOMMUNIKATION
YOYOW
YP
YTTT
YUV
You Own Your Own Words (Slang)
Yellow Pages (NIS)
You Telling The Truth (Slang)
(Farbmodell: Luminanz Y, Chrominanzwerte U, V)
Z
ZA
ZA
ZA
ZAC
ZAI
ZAIK
ZAK
ZAM
ZBR
ZBT
ZBTSI
ZC
ZCAV
ZCC
ZCLV
ZCML
ZCR
ZCT
ZDF
ZDL
ZDR
ZDR
ZDVA
ZE
ZEC
ZEN
ZEO
ZF
ZFM
ZFS
ZFS
ZGDV
ZGS
ZHR
ZI
ZIA
ZIB
ZIF
ZIMS
ZIP
ZIP
ZIS
ZISC
ZKA
ZKD
ZKDSG
ZKM
ZL
ZMH
ZMI
Zahl, Zeichen, Zeit, Zentral-, Zentrum, Zero, Zone
Zero Adjusted/Adjuster
Zero Administration (networking)
Zone Alarm
Zero Administration Client
Zero Administration Initiative
Zentrum für Angewandte Informatik, Universität Köln
Zero Administration Kit (Microsoft)
Zentralinstitut für Angewandte Mathematik, Jülich
Zone Bit Recording
Zero Bus Turnaround
Zero-Byte Time Slot Interchange
Zone Coordinator
Zone/Zoned Constant Angular Velocity
Zone Coordinator Council
Zone/Zoned Constant Linear Velocity
Zope Configuration Markup Language
Zero Channel RAID
Zero Count Table
Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen, Mainz
Zero Delay Lockout
Zeilendrucker
Zone Density Recording
Zentrale Datenverarbeitungsanlage
Zentraleinheit
Zone Echomail Coordinator
Zero Effort Network (Novell)
Zope Enterprise Object
Zwischenfrequenz
Zentralamt Für Mobilfunk, Münster
Zettabyte File System
Zone Field Selection
Zentrum für Graphische Datenverarbeitung
Zeichengabesystem
Zero Hop Routing
Zentrale Instandhaltung
Zentrale Inteliigenz-Agentur
Konrad-Zuse-Zentrum für Informationstechnik, Berlin
Zero Insertion Force
Zope Inventory Management System
Zone Improvement Plan
Zone Information Protocol
Zertifikationsinfrastruktur
Zero Instruction Set Computer
Zentraler Kreditausschuss
Zentrum für Kommunikationstechnik und Datenverarbeitung, Stuttgart
Zugangskontrolldiensteschutzgesetz
Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, Karlsruhe
Zeile
Zone Mailing Hour
Zone Management Interface
327
ZNB
ZODB
ZOFF
ZOO
ZOPE
ZPP
ZPT
ZPUe
ZRTP
ZS
ZSI
ZSK
ZSL
ZSP
ZSS
ZTZB
ZV
ZV
ZV
ZVDFUE
ZVE
ZVEH
ZVEI
ZW
ZWR
ZWS
ZZF
ZZK
ZNYX NetBlaster
Zope Object Data Base
Zeichenorientierte Fenster-Funktionen
Zone Operation Organisation
Z Object Publishing Environment
Zero-error Probabilistic Polynomial time
Zope Page Template
Zentralstelle für Private Überspielungsrechte
Zimmermann’s Real-time Transport Protocol
Zeitschlitz
Zentralstelle für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
Zone Signing Key
Zero Slot LAN
Zwischenspeicher
Zentraler Service Switch
Zentrale Technik Zentraler Betriebslenkung
Zahlungsverkehr
Zeilenvorschub
Zoomed Video (Port)
Zahlungsverkehr-Datenfernübertragung
Zählervergleichseinrichtung
Zentralverband der Deutschen Elektrohandwerke
Zentralverband der Elektrotechnik- und Elektronikindustrie
Zielwahl
Zwischenraum (space)
Zero Wait State
Zentralamt für Zulassungen im Fernmeldewesen
Zentraler Zeichenkanal (ISDN)
V
Karlsruher Test
Nicht jedermann eignet sich für so schwierige Dinge wie die elektronische Datenverarbeitung. Um Ihnen die Entscheidung zu erleichtern, ob Sie in die EDV einsteigen oder sich angenehmeren Dingen widmen sollten, haben wir ganz besonders für Sie einen Test entwickelt.
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kleinste Dateneinheit (2 Punkte)
Festplatte
Was zum Essen, vom Partyservice (1)
Schallplatte (0)
Massenspeicher (2)
Menü
Was zum Essen (1)
Dialogtechnik (2)
mittelalterlicher Tanz (0)
CPU
politische Partei (0)
Zentralprozessor (2)
Carnevalsverein (0)
Linker
Linkshänder (0)
Anhänger einer Linkspartei (1)
Programm zum Binden von Modulen (2)
IBM
Ich Bin Müde (1)
International Business Machines (2)
International Brotherhood of Magicians (1)
Schnittstelle
Verletzung (1)
Verbindungsstelle zweier EDV-Geräte (2)
Werkstatt eines Bartscherers (0)
Slot
Steckerleiste im Computer (2)
einarmiger Bandit (1)
niederdeutsch für Kamin (0)
328
329
Fortran
starker Lebertran (0)
Formal Trash Notation (0)
Programmiersprache (2)
Mainframe
Frachtkahn auf dem Main (0)
Damit wollte F RIDTJOF N ANSEN zum Nordpol (0)
großer Computer (2)
PC
Plumpsklo (Gravitationstoilette) (1)
Personal Computer (2)
Power Computing Language (0)
Puffer
Was zum Essen, aus Kartoffeln (1)
Was am Eisenbahnwagen (1)
Zwischenspeicher (2)
Software
Rohstoff für Softice (0)
Programme, Daten und so Zeugs (2)
was zum Trinken (0)
Port
was zum Trinken (1)
Hafen (1)
Steckdose für Peripheriegeräte (2)
Strichcode
maschinell lesbarer Code (2)
Geheimsprache im Rotlichtviertel (0)
Urliste in der Statistik (0)
Chip
was zum Essen (1)
was zum Spielen (1)
Halbleiterbaustein (2)
Pointer
Hund (1)
starker Whisky (0)
Zeiger auf Daten, Adresse (2)
Page
Hotelboy (1)
englisch, Seite in einem Buch (1)
Untergliederung eines Speichers (2)
Character
was manchen Politikern fehlt (1)
Schriftzeichen (2)
Wasserfall (0)
330
ANHANG V. KARLSRUHER TEST
Betriebssystem
Konzern (0)
betriebsinternes Telefonsystem (0)
wichtigstes Programm im Computer (2)
Traktor
Papiereinzugsvorrichtung (2)
landwirtschaftliches Fahrzeug (1)
Zahl beim Multiplizieren (0)
Treiber
Hilfsperson bei der Jagd (1)
Programm zum Ansprechen der Peripherie (2)
Vorarbeiter (0)
Animator
was zum Trinken (1)
Unterhalter (1)
Programm für bewegte Grafik (2)
Hackbrett
Musikinstrument (1)
Werkzeug im Hackbau (0)
Tastatur (2)
emulieren
nachahmen (2)
Öl in Wasser verteilen (0)
entpflichten (0)
Font
Menge von Schriftzeichen (2)
Soßengrundlage (1)
Hintergrund, Geldmenge (0)
Server
Brettsegler (0)
Kellner (0)
Computer für Dienstleistungen (2)
Yabbawhap
Datenkompressionsprogramm (2)
Kriegsruf der Südstadt-Indianer (0)
was zum Essen (0)
Terminal
Schnittstelle Mensch - Computer (2)
Bahnhof oder Hafen (1)
Zubehör zu Drahttauwerk (1)
Ampersand
Sand aus der Amper (1)
et-Zeichen, Kaufmanns-Und (2)
Untiefe im Wattenmeer (0)
331
Alias
altgriechisches Epos (0)
alttestamentarischer Prophet (0)
Zweitname (2)
Buscontroller
Busfahrer (0)
Busschaffner (0)
Programm zur Steuerung eines Datenbusses (2)
Algol
was zum Trinken (0)
Doppelstern (1)
Programmiersprache (2)
Rom
Stadt in Italien (1)
schwedisch für Rum (1)
Read only memory (2)
Dram
Dynamic random access memory (2)
dänisch für Schnaps (1)
Straßenbahn (0)
Diskette
Mädchen, das oft in Discos geht (0)
weiblicher Diskjockey (0)
Massenspeicher (2)
Directory
oberste Etage einer Firma (0)
Inhaltsverzeichnis (2)
Kunststil zur Zeit der Franz. Revolution (0)
Dekrement
was die Verdauung übrig läßt (0)
Anordnung von oben (0)
Wert, um den ein Zähler verringert wird (2)
Sprungbefehl
Vorkommnis während Ihres Wehrdienstes (0)
Kommando im Pferdesport (0)
Anweisung in einem Programm (2)
Oktalzahl
Maß für die Klopffestigkeit (0)
Zahl zur Basis 8 (2)
Anzahl der Oktaven einer Orgel (0)
Subroutine
Kleidungsstück eines Priesters (0)
was im Unterbewußten (0)
Unterprogramm (2)
332
ANHANG V. KARLSRUHER TEST
Spoiler
Was zum Essen (0)
Posting in den Netnews (2)
Was am Auto (1)
virtuell
tugendhaft (0)
die Augen betreffend (0)
nicht wirklich vorhanden, scheinbar (2)
Klammeraffe
ASCII-Zeichen (2)
Bürogerät (1)
Affenart in Südamerika (0)
ESC
Eisenbahner-Spar- und Creditverein (0)
Eishockeyclub (0)
escape, Fluchtsymbol (2)
Monitor
Karlsruher Brauerei (0)
Fernsehsendung (1)
Bildschirmgerät, Überwachungsprogramm (2)
Unix
Tütensuppe (0)
Freund von Asterix und Obelix (0)
hervorragendes Betriebssystem (2)
Joystick
Computerzubehör (2)
männlicher Körperteil (0)
Hebel am Spielautomat (0)
Maus
kleines Säugetier (1)
Computerzubehör (2)
junge Dame (1)
Icon
russisches Heiligenbild (0)
Sinnbild (2)
Kamerafabrik (0)
Pascal
französischer Mathematiker (1)
Maßeinheit für Druck (1)
Programmiersprache (2)
Wysiwyg
englisch für Wolpertinger (0)
französisch für Elmentritschen (0)
what you see is what you get (2)
333
Register
was in Flensburg (1)
was an der Orgel (1)
Speicher (2)
Record
was im Sport (1)
englisch für Blockflöte (0)
Datensatz (2)
HP
High Price (0)
Hewlett-Packard (2)
Horse Power (1)
Kermit
Dichtungspaste (0)
Frosch aus der Muppet-Show (1)
Dateiübertragungs-Protokoll (2)
Ethernet
Baustoff (Asbestzement) (0)
Local Area Network (2)
Student der ETH Zürich (0)
Algorithmus
Übermäßiger Genuß geistiger Getränke (0)
Krankheit (0)
Rechenvorschrift (2)
File
Was zum Essen, vom Metzger (0)
Menge von Daten (2)
Durchtriebener Kerl (0)
Bug
Vorderteil eines Schiffes (1)
Fehler im Programm (2)
englisch für Wanze (1)
Router
jemand mit Routine (0)
französischer LKW-Fahrer (0)
Verbindungsglied zweier Netze (2)
Zylinder
Kopfbedeckung (1)
Teil einer Kolbenmaschine (1)
Unterteilung eines Plattenspeichers (2)
FTP
kleine, aber liberale Partei (0)
File Transfer Protocol (2)
Floating Point Processor (0)
334
ANHANG V. KARLSRUHER TEST
Domäne
Geist(0)
Bereich (2)
Blume (0)
Bridge
Kartenspiel (1)
internationales Computernetz (0)
Verbindung zweier Computernetze (2)
Email
Glasur (1)
elektronische Post (2)
Sultanspalast (0)
Baum
was im Wald (Wurzel unten) (1)
was auf einem Schiff (keine Wurzel) (1)
was aus der Informatik (Wurzel oben) (2)
Internet
Schule mit Schlafgelegenheit (0)
Zwischenraum (0)
Weltweites Computernetz (2)
Split
UNIX-Kommando (2)
kantige Steinchen (0)
Stadt in Dalmatien (1)
Mini
Damenoberbekleidung (1)
kleiner Computer (2)
Frau von Mickey Mouse (0)
Cut
Herrenoberbekleidung (1)
Colonia Ulpia Traiana (1)
UNIX-Kommando (2)
2B|!2B
Parallelprozessor (0)
Assembler-Befehl (0)
ein Wort Hamlets (2)
Shell
Filmschauspielerin (Maria S.) (0)
Kommando-Interpreter (2)
Mineralöl-Gesellschaft (1)
Slip
Unterbekleidung (1)
Schlupfschuh (0)
Internet-Protokoll (2)
335
Diäresis
Durchfall (0)
Diakritisches Zeichen (Umlaute) (2)
Ernährungslehre (0)
Space Bar
Kneipe im Weltraum (www.spacebar.com) (0)
Maßeinheit für den Druck im Weltraum (0)
Größte Taste auf der Tastatur (2)
Popper
Popcorn-Röster (0)
Mail-Programm (2)
Philosoph aus Wien (1)
Rohling
Wüster Kerl (1)
Noch zu beschreibende CD/DVD (2)
Rohkost-Liebhaber (0)
Schleife
Kleidungsstück (1)
Schlitterbahn (1)
Kontrollanweisung eines Programmes (2)
Alex
Altlasten-Expertensystem (1)
Automatic Login Executor (1)
Globales Dateisystem (1)
Altair
Stern (Alpha Aquilae) (1)
Gebirge in Zentralasien (0)
früher Personal Computer (2)
Halbbitter
Was zum Essen (Schokolade) (1)
Strom- und bitsparender Prozessor (0)
Was zum Trinken (0)
Eure Priorität
Anrede des Priors in einem Kloster (0)
Anrede des Ersten Sekretärs im Vatikan (0)
Anrede des Systemverwalters (6)
Zählen Sie Ihre Punkte zusammen. Die Auswertung ergibt Folgendes:
• über 170 Punkte: Überlassen Sie das Rechnen künftig dem Computer.
• 85 bis 170 Punkte: Mit etwas Fleiß wird aus Ihnen ein EDV-Experte.
• 18 bis 84 Punkte: Machen Sie eine möglichst steile Karriere außerhalb der EDV und
suchen Sie sich fähige Mitarbeiter.
• unter 18 Punkten: Vielleicht hatten Sie schlechte Lehrer?
W
GNU Lizenzen
W.1
GNU General Public License
Kopiert von http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/.
Version 2, June 1991
Copyright © 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but
changing it is not allowed.
P REAMBLE
The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it.
By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share
and change free software—to make sure the software is free for all its users. This General
Public License applies to most of the Free Software Foundation’s software and to any other
program whose authors commit to using it. (Some other Free Software Foundation software
is covered by the GNU Library General Public License instead.) You can apply it to your
programs, too.
When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General Public
Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free
software (and charge for this service if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it if
you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in new free programs; and
that you know you can do these things.
To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid anyone to deny you these
rights or to ask you to surrender the rights. These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it.
For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether gratis or for a fee, you
must give the recipients all the rights that you have. You must make sure that they, too,
receive or can get the source code. And you must show them these terms so they know their
rights.
We protect your rights with two steps: (1) copyright the software, and (2) offer you this
license which gives you legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify the software.
Also, for each author’s protection and ours, we want to make certain that everyone understands that there is no warranty for this free software. If the software is modified by someone
else and passed on, we want its recipients to know that what they have is not the original, so
that any problems introduced by others will not reflect on the original authors’ reputations.
Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software patents. We wish to avoid
the danger that redistributors of a free program will individually obtain patent licenses, in
effect making the program proprietary. To prevent this, we have made it clear that any patent
must be licensed for everyone’s free use or not licensed at all.
The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow.
GNU G ENERAL P UBLIC L ICENSE
T ERMS AND C ONDITIONS F OR C OPYING, D ISTRIBUTION AND
M ODIFICATION
336
W.1. GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
337
0. This License applies to any program or other work which contains a notice placed by
the copyright holder saying it may be distributed under the terms of this General Public
License. The “Program”, below, refers to any such program or work, and a “work based
on the Program” means either the Program or any derivative work under copyright
law: that is to say, a work containing the Program or a portion of it, either verbatim or
with modifications and/or translated into another language. (Hereinafter, translation is
included without limitation in the term “modification”.) Each licensee is addressed as
“you”.
Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not covered by this License; they are outside its scope. The act of running the Program is not restricted, and
the output from the Program is covered only if its contents constitute a work based on
the Program (independent of having been made by running the Program). Whether that
is true depends on what the Program does.
1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program’s source code as you receive
it, in any medium, provided that you conspicuously and appropriately publish on each
copy an appropriate copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the
notices that refer to this License and to the absence of any warranty; and give any other
recipients of the Program a copy of this License along with the Program.
You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy, and you may at your
option offer warranty protection in exchange for a fee.
2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion of it, thus forming a
work based on the Program, and copy and distribute such modifications or work under
the terms of Section 1 above, provided that you also meet all of these conditions:
(a) You must cause the modified files to carry prominent notices stating that you changed the files and the date of any change.
(b) You must cause any work that you distribute or publish, that in whole or in part
contains or is derived from the Program or any part thereof, to be licensed as a
whole at no charge to all third parties under the terms of this License.
(c) If the modified program normally reads commands interactively when run, you
must cause it, when started running for such interactive use in the most ordinary
way, to print or display an announcement including an appropriate copyright notice
and a notice that there is no warranty (or else, saying that you provide a warranty)
and that users may redistribute the program under these conditions, and telling
the user how to view a copy of this License. (Exception: if the Program itself is
interactive but does not normally print such an announcement, your work based
on the Program is not required to print an announcement.)
These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. If identifiable sections of that
work are not derived from the Program, and can be reasonably considered independent
and separate works in themselves, then this License, and its terms, do not apply to those
sections when you distribute them as separate works. But when you distribute the same
sections as part of a whole which is a work based on the Program, the distribution of
the whole must be on the terms of this License, whose permissions for other licensees
extend to the entire whole, and thus to each and every part regardless of who wrote it.
Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or contest your rights to work
written entirely by you; rather, the intent is to exercise the right to control the distribution of derivative or collective works based on the Program.
In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the Program with the Program (or with a work based on the Program) on a volume of a storage or distribution
medium does not bring the other work under the scope of this License.
3. You may copy and distribute the Program (or a work based on it, under Section 2) in
object code or executable form under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above provided that
you also do one of the following:
338
ANHANG W. GNU LIZENZEN
(a) Accompany it with the complete corresponding machine-readable source code,
which must be distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium
customarily used for software interchange; or,
(b) Accompany it with a written offer, valid for at least three years, to give any third
party, for a charge no more than your cost of physically performing source distribution, a complete machine-readable copy of the corresponding source code, to be
distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium customarily
used for software interchange; or,
(c) Accompany it with the information you received as to the offer to distribute corresponding source code. (This alternative is allowed only for noncommercial distribution and only if you received the program in object code or executable form with
such an offer, in accord with Subsection b above.)
The source code for a work means the preferred form of the work for making modifications to it. For an executable work, complete source code means all the source code for all
modules it contains, plus any associated interface definition files, plus the scripts used
to control compilation and installation of the executable. However, as a special exception, the source code distributed need not include anything that is normally distributed
(in either source or binary form) with the major components (compiler, kernel, and so
on) of the operating system on which the executable runs, unless that component itself
accompanies the executable.
If distribution of executable or object code is made by offering access to copy from a
designated place, then offering equivalent access to copy the source code from the same place counts as distribution of the source code, even though third parties are not
compelled to copy the source along with the object code.
4. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Program except as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute
the Program is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License.
However, parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under this License will
not have their licenses terminated so long as such parties remain in full compliance.
5. You are not required to accept this License, since you have not signed it. However,
nothing else grants you permission to modify or distribute the Program or its derivative
works. These actions are prohibited by law if you do not accept this License. Therefore, by modifying or distributing the Program (or any work based on the Program), you
indicate your acceptance of this License to do so, and all its terms and conditions for
copying, distributing or modifying the Program or works based on it.
6. Each time you redistribute the Program (or any work based on the Program), the recipient automatically receives a license from the original licensor to copy, distribute or
modify the Program subject to these terms and conditions. You may not impose any
further restrictions on the recipients’ exercise of the rights granted herein. You are not
responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties to this License.
7. If, as a consequence of a court judgment or allegation of patent infringement or for any
other reason (not limited to patent issues), conditions are imposed on you (whether by
court order, agreement or otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License, they
do not excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot distribute so as
to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this License and any other pertinent
obligations, then as a consequence you may not distribute the Program at all. For example, if a patent license would not permit royalty-free redistribution of the Program
by all those who receive copies directly or indirectly through you, then the only way you
could satisfy both it and this License would be to refrain entirely from distribution of
the Program.
If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforceable under any particular circumstance, the balance of the section is intended to apply and the section as a whole is
intended to apply in other circumstances.
W.1. GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
339
It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to infringe any patents or other property right claims or to contest validity of any such claims; this section has the sole
purpose of protecting the integrity of the free software distribution system, which is implemented by public license practices. Many people have made generous contributions
to the wide range of software distributed through that system in reliance on consistent
application of that system; it is up to the author/donor to decide if he or she is willing to
distribute software through any other system and a licensee cannot impose that choice.
This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed to be a consequence
of the rest of this License.
8. If the distribution and/or use of the Program is restricted in certain countries either
by patents or by copyrighted interfaces, the original copyright holder who places the
Program under this License may add an explicit geographical distribution limitation
excluding those countries, so that distribution is permitted only in or among countries
not thus excluded. In such case, this License incorporates the limitation as if written in
the body of this License.
9. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of the General
Public License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the
present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.
Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program specifies a version number of this License which applies to it and “any later version”, you have the
option of following the terms and conditions either of that version or of any later version published by the Free Software Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version
number of this License, you may choose any version ever published by the Free Software
Foundation.
10. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into other free programs whose distribution conditions are different, write to the author to ask for permission. For software
which is copyrighted by the Free Software Foundation, write to the Free Software Foundation; we sometimes make exceptions for this. Our decision will be guided by the two
goals of preserving the free status of all derivatives of our free software and of promoting
the sharing and reuse of software generally.
N O WARRANTY
11. B ECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE , THERE IS NO WARRANTY
FOR THE PROGRAM , TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. E XCEPT WHEN
OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND / OR OTHER PARTIES
PROVIDE THE PROGRAM “AS IS ” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRES SED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE . T HE ENTIRE RISK AS
TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. S HOULD THE
PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE , YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING,
REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
12. I N NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING
WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER , OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND / OR RE DISTRIBUTE THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE , BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES,
INCLUDING ANY GENERAL , SPECIAL , INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARI SING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM ( INCLUDING BUT NOT
LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SU STAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE
WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS ), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN
ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
E ND OF T ERMS AND C ONDITIONS
340
ANHANG W. GNU LIZENZEN
Appendix: How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs
If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the public,
the best way to achieve this is to make it free software which everyone can redistribute and
change under these terms.
To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest to attach them to the
start of each source file to most effectively convey the exclusion of warranty; and each file
should have at least the “copyright” line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.
<one line to give the program’s name and a brief idea of what it does.>
Copyright (C) <year> <name of author>
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for
more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place
- Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.
If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an
interactive mode:
Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) <year> <name of author>
Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type ‘show
w’.
This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions; type ‘show c’ for details.
The hypothetical commands show w and show c should show the appropriate parts of
the General Public License. Of course, the commands you use may be called something other
than show w and show c; they could even be mouse-clicks or menu items—whatever suits
your program.
You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your school, if any, to
sign a “copyright disclaimer” for the program, if necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names:
Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program
‘Gnomovision’ (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker.
<signature of Ty Coon>, 1 April 1989
Ty Coon, President of Vice
This General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into proprietary
programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to permit
linking proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU
Library General Public License instead of this License.
W.2
GNU Free Documentation License
Kopiert von http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/.
W.2. GNU FREE DOCUMENTATION LICENSE
341
Version 1.2, November 2002
Copyright ©2000,2001,2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but
changing it is not allowed.
Preamble
The purpose of this license is to make a manual, textbook, or other functional and useful
document free in the sense of freedom: to assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and
redistribute it, with or without modifying it, either commercially or noncommercially. Secondarily, this license preserves for the author and publisher a way to get credit for their work,
while not being considered responsible for modifications made by others.
This license is a kind of copyleft, which means that derivative works of the document must
themselves be free in the same sense. It complements the GNU General Public License, which
is a copyleft license designed for free software.
We have designed this license in order to use it for manuals for free software, because free
software needs free documentation: a free program should come with manuals providing the
same freedoms that the software does. But this license is not limited to software manuals; it
can be used for any textual work, regardless of subject matter or whether it is published as a
printed book. We recommend this license principally for works whose purpose is instruction
or reference.
1. APPLICABILITY AND DEFINITIONS
This license applies to any manual or other work, in any medium, that contains a notice
placed by the copyright holder saying it can be distributed under the terms of this license.
Such a notice grants a world-wide, royalty-free license, unlimited in duration, to use that
work under the conditions stated herein. The Document, below, refers to any such manual or
work. Any member of the public is a licensee, and is addressed as you. You accept the license
if you copy, modify or distribute the work in a way requiring permission under copyright law.
A Modified Version of the Document means any work containing the Document or a
portion of it, either copied verbatim, or with modifications and/or translated into another
language.
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You may copy and distribute a Modified Version of the Document under the conditions of
sections 2 and 3 above, provided that you release the Modified Version under precisely this
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and modification of the Modified Version to whoever possesses a copy of it. In addition, you
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L. Preserve all the Invariant Sections of the Document, unaltered in their text and in their
titles. Section numbers or the equivalent are not considered part of the section titles.
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M. Delete any section entitled Endorsements. Such a section may not be included in the
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7. AGGREGATION WITH INDEPENDENT WORKS
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documents or works, in or on a volume of a storage or distribution medium, is called an
W.2. GNU FREE DOCUMENTATION LICENSE
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X
Zeittafel
Die meisten Errungenschaften entwickelten sich über manchmal lange Zeitspannen, so dass
vor einige Jahreszahlen um etwa zu setzen ist. Auch sind an der Entwicklung oft mehrere Personen in unterschiedlichem Maß beteiligt, was sich in der folgenden Übersicht nicht
immer berücksichtigen lässt.
-10E8
-2000
-400
20
600
1200
1550
1617
1623
1642
1674
1714
1778
1801
1821
1840
1847
1852
1861
1873
1876
1877
1890
Der beliebte Tyrannosaurus hatte zwei Finger an jeder Hand
und rechnete vermutlich im Dualsystem, wenn überhaupt.
Die Babylonier verwenden für besondere Aufgaben ein
gemischtes Stellenwertsystem zur Basis 60.
Griechen und Perser arbeiten mit Rechenbrettern.
In China werden Zählstäbchen zum Rechnen verwendet.
In der Bergpredigt wird das Binärsystem erwähnt (Matth. 5, 37).
Die Römer schieben Rechensteinchen (calculi) auf dem Abakus herum.
Die Inder entwickeln das heute übliche reine Stellenwertsystem,
die Null ist jedoch älter. Etwa gleichzeitig entwickeln die Mayas
in Mittelamerika ein Stellenwertsystem zur Basis 20.
L EONARDO VON P ISA, genannt F IBONACCI, setzt sich für die
Einführung des indisch-arabischen Zahlensystems im Abendland ein.
Die europäischen Rechenmeister verwenden sowohl die römische
als auch die indisch-arabische Schreibweise.
J OHN N APIER erfindet die Rechenknochen (Napier’s Bones).
Erste mechanische Rechenmaschine mit Zehnerübertragung
und Multiplikation, von W ILHELM S CHICKARD, Tübingen.
Rechenmaschine von B LAISE PASCAL, Paris für kaufmännische
Rechnungen seines Vaters.
G OTTFRIED W ILHELM L EIBNIZ baut eine mechanische
Rechenmaschine für die vier Grundrechenarten und befasst sich
mit der dualen Darstellung von Zahlen. In der Folgezeit
technische Verbesserungen an vielen Stellen in Europa.
H ENRY M ILL erhält ein Patent auf eine Schreibmaschine.
Rechenmaschine des schwäbischen Pfarrers P HILIPP M ATTHÄUS H AHN.
J OSEPH M ARIE J ACQUARD erfindet die Lochkarte aus Holz und
steuert Webstühle damit.
C HARLES B ABBAGE stellt der Royal Astronomical Society
eine programmierbare mechanische Rechenmaschine vor, die
jedoch keinen wirtschaftlichen Erfolg hat. Er denkt auch an
das Spielen von Schach oder Tic-tac-toe auf Maschinen.
S AMUEL F INLEY B REEZE M ORSE entwickelt einen aus zwei
Zeichen plus Pausen bestehenden Telegrafencode, der die
Buchstaben entsprechend ihrer Häufigkeit codiert.
G EORGE B OOLE entwickelt die symbolische Logik.
A DA L OVELACE stirbt, eine frühe Informatikerin
J OHANN P HILIPP R EIS erfindet das Telephon.
E LIPHALET R EMINGTON and Sons, NY, stellen außer Gewehren
und Nähmaschinen auch Schreibmaschinen her. 1886 trennen sie sich
vom Schreibmaschinenbereich, der später den Namen Remington Rand
und noch später den Namen Sperry Rand trägt.
A LEXANDER G RAHAM B ELL erhält ein Patent auf sein Telefon.
Gründung der Bell Telephone Company, heute AT&T.
H ERMAN H OLLERITH erfindet die Lochkartenmaschine und
setzt sie bei einer Volkszählung in den USA ein. Das ist der
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1918
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ANHANG X. ZEITTAFEL
Anfang von IBM.
O TTO L UEGERs Lexikon der gesamten Technik führt
unter dem Stichwort Elektrizität als Halbleiter Äther,
Alkohol, Holz und Papier auf.
Erste Übertragungen mittels Radio (A LEXANDER P OPOW,
G UGLIELMO M ARCONI).
Gründung der Tabulating Machine Company, der späteren IBM.
VALDEMAR P OULSEN erfindet die magnetische Aufzeichnung
von Tönen (Telegraphon).
01. Januar 1900 00:00:00 GMT Nullpunkt der gegenwärtigen
NTP-Ära (eine NTP-Ära umfasst 136 Jahre).
Gründung der Deutschen Hollerith Maschinen GmbH, Berlin,
der Vorläuferin der IBM Deutschland.
Das Enigma-Verschlüsselungsverfahren entwickelt.
Aus der Tabulating Machine Company von H ERMAN H OLLERITH,
später in Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company umbenannt,
wird die International Business Machines (IBM).
E DWIN L INK baut – anstatt Pianos und Orgeln wie sein Vater –
einen mechanischen Flugsimulator für Übungs- und Vergnügungszwecke
und erhält ein Patent darauf. Der Link-Trainer erlangt Verbreitung.
Die Firma AEG baut das erste Tonbandgerät mit dem Namen
Magnetophon. Die Bänder dazu liefert die BASF.
Erste Direktübertragung im deutschen Fernsehen anlässlich der
Olympischen Spiele in Berlin.
A LAN T URING veröffentlicht sein Computermodell.
K ONRAD Z USE stellt den programmgesteuerten Rechner Z 1 fertig.
Ein späterer Nachbau schafft 1 Rechenoperation pro Sekunde.
Elektronische binäre Addiermaschine von J OHN V INCENT A TANASOFF
und C LIFFORD B ERRY, Iowa State University, zur Lösung linearer
Gleichungssysteme.
K ONRAD Z USE stellt die Z 2 fertig.
Gründung der Firma Hewlett-Packard, Palo Alto, Kalifornien
durch W ILLIAM H EWLETT und D AVID PACKARD. Ihr erstes
Produkt ist ein Oszillator für Tonfrequenzen (Messtechnik).
K ONRAD Z USE stellt die Z 3 fertig.
Die Purdue University beginnt mit der Halbleiterforschung und
untersucht Germaniumkristalle.
Der Computer Colossus, Bletchley Park/Buckinghamshire UK,
entschlüsselt deutsche Militärnachrichten (Enigma).
IBM-Chef T HOMAS WATSON schätzt den weltweiten Bedarf an
Computern auf 5 (fünf) Stück.
Die Zuse Z 4 wird fertig (2200 Relais, mechanischer Speicher).
Sie arbeitet von 1950 bis 1960 in der Schweiz.
An der Harvard University bauen H OWARD A IKEN und G RACE H OPPER
die Mark I in Relaistechnik. Die Maschine läuft bis 1959.
K ONRAD Z USE entwickelt den Plankalkül, die erste höhere
Programmiersprache.
W ILLIAM B RADFORD S HOCKLEY startet ein Forschungsprojekt zur
Halbleiterphysik in den Bell-Labs.
VANNEVAR B USH entwickelt ein System zur Informationsspeicherung
und -suche, das auf Mikrofilmen beruht.
J OHN VON N EUMANN veröffentlicht sein Computerkonzept.
J OHN P RESPER E CKERT und J OHN W ILLIAM M AUCHLY bauen in
den USA die ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and
Computer). Die ENIAC rechnet dezimal, enthält 18000 Vakuumröhren,
wiegt 30 t, ist 5,5 m hoch und 24 m lang, braucht für eine Addition
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1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
0,2 ms, ist an der Entwicklung der Wasserstoffbombe beteiligt und
arbeitet bis 1955. Sie ist der Urahne der UNIVAC.
C LAUDE E LWOOD S HANNON begründet die Informationstheorie.
J OHN B ARDEEN, WALTER H OUSER B RATTAIN und
W ILLIAM B RADFORD S HOCKLEY entwickeln in den Bell-Labs
den Transistor, der 10 Jahre später die Vakuumröhre ablöst.
Erster Schachcomputer: Manchester MADM. Das Wort Bit kreiert.
An der ETH Zürich geht die Zuse Z 4 in Betrieb.
IBM bringt ihre erste elektronische Datenverarbeitungsanlage, die IBM 701, heraus.
IBM baut die erste Magnetbandmaschine zur Datenspeicherung (726).
Remington-Rand bringt die erste UNIVAC heraus, IBM die 650.
Silizium beginnt Germanium zu verdrängen.
IBM entwickelt die erste höhere Programmiersprache, die
Verbreitung erlangt: FORTRAN (Formula Translator) und verwendet
Transistoren in ihren Computern.
K ONRAD Z USE baut die Z 22, die mit Röhren arbeitet.
Sie kommt 1958 auf den Markt. Bis 1961 werden 50 Stück verkauft.
B ARDEEN, B RATTAIN und S HOCKLEY erhalten den Nobelpreis
für Physik.
IBM stellt die erste Festplatte vor (IBM 350 Disk File für den
Computer RAMAC 305), Kapazität 5 MByte, groß wie ein Schrank,
Gewicht 1 to, bestehend aus 50 Scheiben zu 24 Zoll, 50.000 US-$.
Die IBM 709 braucht für eine Multiplikation 0,12 ms.
Weltweit arbeiten rund 1300 Computer.
Seminar von Prof. J OHANNES W EISSINGER über Programmgesteuerte Rechenmaschinen im SS 1957 der TH Karlsruhe.
K ARL S TEINBUCH (Firma SEL, später TH Karlsruhe) prägt den
Begriff Informatik.
Erster Satellit (Sputnik, Sowjetunion) kreist um die Erde.
Als eine Reaktion auf den Sputnik gründet das us-amerikanische
Verteidigungsministerium (DoD) die Denkfabrik Advanced Research
Projects Agency (ARPA), die später das ARPANET aufbaut.
M ARVIN L EE M INSKY prägt den Begriff Artificial Intelligence.
Die TH Karlsruhe erhält ihren ersten Computer, eine ZUSE Z 22,
finanziert vom Land Baden-Württemberg.
Die Maschine verwendet 400 Vakuumröhren und wiegt 1 t. Der
Arbeitsspeicher fasst 16 Wörter zu 38 Bits, d. h. 76 Byte. Der
Massenspeicher, eine Magnettrommel, fasst rund 40 KByte. Eine
Gleitkommaoperation dauert 70 ms. Das System versteht nur
Maschinensprache (Freiburger Code) und läuft bis 1972.
Im SS 1958 hält Priv.-Doz. K ARL N ICKEL (Institut für Angew.
Mathematik) eine Vorlesung Programmieren mathematischer und
technischer Probleme für die elektronische Rechenmaschine Z 22.
Die Programmiersprache ALGOL 58 kommt heraus.
Bei Texas Instruments baut J ACK S T. C LAIR K ILBY den ersten IC;
im Jahr 2000 erhält er dafür den Nobelpreis für Physik.
Im SS 1959 hält Priv.-Doz. K ARL N ICKEL erstmals die
Vorlesung Programmieren I, im WS 1959/60 die Vorlesung
Programmieren II. Erstes Werk von Hewlett-Packard in
Deutschland. Siemens baut die Siemens 2002.
Programmieren steht noch in keinem Studienplan, sondern
ist freiwillig. Die Karlsruher Z 22 arbeitet Tag und Nacht.
Die Programmiersprache COBOL wird veröffentlicht.
Ein Computerspiel namens Spacewar läuft auf einer
Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) PDP-1 im MIT eingsetzt.
A LAN S HUGART entwickelt ein Verfahren zur Aufzeichnung von
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1966
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1969
ANHANG X. ZEITTAFEL
Daten auf einer magnetisch beschichteten Scheibe.
Die TH Karlsruhe erhält im Zuge der Berufungsverhandlungen von
Prof. Nickel eine Zuse Z 23, die mit 2400 Transistoren arbeitet.
Ihr Hauptspeicher fasst 240 Wörter zu 40 Bits.
Eine Gleitkommaoperation dauert 15 ms. Außer Maschinensprache
versteht sie ALGOL.
Weltweit arbeiten etwa 7300 Computer.
Die TH Karlsruhe erhält einen SEL ER 56, der bis 1968 läuft.
An der Purdue University wird die erste Fakultät für Informatik
(Department of Computer Science) gegründet.
Texas Instruments und Fairchild nehmen die Serienproduktion von ICs
(Chips) auf.
J OSEPH C ARL R OBNETT L ICKLIDER (1912–1990) hat zwei Visionen: den interaktiven
Computer und das galaktische Netz (wenn schon, denn schon). Er wird
Direktor in der ARPA und geht an die Verwirklichung seiner Visionen.
I VAN S UTHERLAND entwickelt ein Grafiksystem namens Sketchball.
M ORTON H EILIG meldet sein Sensorama zum Patent an, einen
multimedialen Simulator mit Bild, Ton und Geruch.
Weltweit arbeiten etwa 16.500 Computer.
Erster geostationärer Satellit (Syncom).
I VAN E. S UTHERLAND entwickelt in seiner Doktorarbeit am MIT
das Sketchpad, einen grafischen Bildschirm mit Lichtgriffel, und
wird damit zum Vater der Computergrafik.
Der ASCII-Standard wird verabschiedet.
J OHN K EMENY und T HOMAS K URTZ veröffentlichen die Programmiersprache BASIC.
PAUL B ARAN entwickelt bei der RAND Corporation die Idee paketvermittelter Netze.
D OUGLAS C ARL E NGELBART erfindet am Stanford Research Institute
die Maus und die Fenstertechnik und hat zukunbftsweisende Visionen.
IBM legt das Byte zu 8 Bits fest (IBM 360).
Ein Chip enthält auf 0,5 cm2 10 Transistoren.
Beginn des Betriebssystems MULTICS bei MIT, Bell und
General Electric. Aus dessen Misserfolg erwächst später UNIX.
G ORDON E ARLE M OORE veröffentlicht das nach ihm benannte Gesetz.
T HEODOR H OLM (T ED ) N ELSON prägt den Begriff Hypertext.
Die TH Karlsruhe erhält eine Electrologica X 8, die bis
1973 betrieben wird. Gründung des Karlsruher Rechenzentrums.
Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) PDP-9 auf dem Markt.
Hewlett-Packard steigt in die Computerei ein (HP 2116 A).
Erster elektronischer Taschenrechner (Texas Instruments) entwickelt.
Beim Bundesministerium für wissenschaftliche Forschung wird
ein Fachbeirat für Datenverarbeitung gebildet.
Die Sekunde wird von ihrer astronomischen Definition auf eine
atomphysikalische umgestellt.
I VAN E. S UTHERLAND entwickelt an der Harvard University einen
Helm mit binokularem Display und bringt damit die Virtual Reality
ein gutes Stück voran.
N IKLAUS W IRTH beginnt an der ETH Zürich mit der Arbeit an PASCAL.
IBM stellt die ersten Disketten her, Durchmesser 8 Zoll, Kapazität ??.
Am 26. Februar entscheiden sich maßgebende Vertreter der
Computerwissenschaft im deutschsprachigen Raum im Anschluss an
ein internationales Kolloquium in Dresden für die Bezeichnung
Informatik nach französischem Beispiel.
Die Programmiersprache PASCAL kommt heraus. G ORDON E ARLE M OORE und
R OBERT N ORTON N OYCE gründen die Firma Integrated Electronics (Intel).
gegründet. Hewlett-Packard baut den ersten wissenschaftlichen
programmierbaren Tischrechner (HP 9100 A).
In Karlsruhe wird am 1. Januar das Institut für Informatik
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gegründet, Direktor K ARL N ICKEL. Im WS 1969/70 beginnt in
Karlsruhe die Informatik als Vollstudium mit 91 Erstsemestern.
Gründung der Gesellschaft für Informatik (GI) in Bonn.
In den Bell Labs UNIX in Assembler auf einer DEC PDP 7
(K. L. T HOMPSON).
Beginn des ARPANET-Projektes, erste Teilnehmer U. of California at
Los Angeles, Stanford Research Institute, U. of California at
Santa Barbara und U. of Utah. Maßgeblich beteiligt sind S TEVE C ROCKER,
D AVID H. C ROCKER, J ON P OSTEL, V INTON C ERF, R OBERT K AHN und R OBERT B RADEN.
RFC 0001: Host Software, von S TEVE C ROCKER, Mitarbeiter der UCLA.
Die Universität Karlsruhe erhält eine UNIVAC 1108,
die bis 1987 läuft und damit den hiesigen Rekord an Betriebsjahren
hält. Preis 23 MDM, 3 Zentraleinheiten, 256 Kilo-Wörter zu
je 36 Bits Arbeitsspeicher, 20 Bildschirme.
Die Karlsruher Fakultät für Informatik wird gegründet.
Am 01. Januar 1970 00:00:00 GMT beginnt die UNIX-Uhr zu laufen.
UNIX auf C umgeschrieben, erster Mikroprozessor (Intel 4004).
A LAN S HUGART entwickelt bei IBM die Floppy Disk.
Die Internet-Protokolle FTP (RFC 114) und Telnet (RFC 137) werden
vorgeschlagen und diskutiert.
Project Gutenberg von M ICHAEL S TERN H ART an der U. of Illinois gestartet.
IBM entwickelt das Konzept des virtuellen Speichers und
stellt die 8-Zoll-Floppy-Disk vor. Xerox (R OBERT M ETCALFE),
DEC und Intel entwickeln den Ethernet-Standard.
Das ARPANET wird der Öffentlichkeit vorgestellt.
Ein Student namens S TEPHAN G. W OZNIAK lötet sich einen
Computer zusammen, der den Smoke-Test nicht übersteht.
In der Bundesrepublik arbeiten rund 8.200 Computer.
Erster wissenschaftlicher Taschenrechner (Hewlett-Packard 35).
Erste internationale Teilnehmer am ARPANET: NORSAR
(Norwegian Seismic Array), Norwegen und U. College of London.
R OBERT M ELANCTON M ETCALFE veröffentlicht Gedanken, die
1975 beim Xerox PARC zur Entwicklung von Ethernet führen.
Der erste programmierbare Taschenrechner kommt auf den
Markt (Hewlett-Packard 65), Preis 2500 DM.
UNIX wird veröffentlicht (Version 6), Beginn der BSD-Entwicklung.
Die Zeitschrift Byte wird gegründet.
Erste, mäßig erfolgreiche Personal Computer (Xerox, Altair).
Die Firma Microsoft Corporation von W ILLIAM H ENRY G ATES III.
und PAUL A LLEN gegründet.
Das Xerox PARC meldet Ethernet zum Patent an.
Die Computer-Tomografie dringt in die Medizin und andere Gebiete ein.
S TEVEN P. J OBS und S TEPHAN G. W OZNIAK gründen
die Firma Apple und bauen den Apple I. Er kostet 666,66 Dollar.
A LAN S HUGART stellt die 5,25-Zoll-Diskette vor.
Die nichtprozedurale Datenbanksprache SQL – entwickelt von
E DGAR F. C ODD bei IBM – wird veröffentlicht.
W HITFIELD D IFFIE und M ARTIN E. H ELLMANN veröffentlichen
die erste Arbeit über unsymmetrische Verschlüsselung.
R OBERT E. K AHN und V INTON G RAY C ERF veröffentlichen
das Konzept von TCP/IP, anfangs Kahn-Cerf-Protokolle (1974) genannt.
In der Bundesrepublik arbeiten rund 170.000 Computer.
Der Commodore PET 2001 – ein Vorläufer des C64 – kommt heraus,
4 bis 32 kbyte Arbeitsspeicher, Bildschirm 25 Zeilen zu 40 Zeichen.
Erste Tabellenkalkulation Visicalc, für den Apple II,
von D AN B RICKLIN und B OB F RANKSTON, Harvard University.
Erste Fassung von TEX (D ONALD E RVIN K NUTH) veröffentlicht.
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Das Network Time Protocol (NTP) wird in Gebrauch genommen.
Faxdienst in Deutschland eingeführt.
Beginn des Usenet in der Duke University und der University of
North Carolina auf der Basis von uucp-Verbindungen (S TEVE M. B ELLOVIN).
Die Zusammenarbeit von Apple mit Rank Xerox führt zur Apple
Lisa, ein Mißerfolg, aber der Wegbereiter für den Macintosh.
Plattenherstellerfirma Seagate gegründet.
Gründung der Satelliten-Kommunikations-Firma Inmarsat.
B JARNE S TROUSTRUP beginnt mit der Entwicklung von C++.
Programmiersprache Ada veröffentlicht.
Betriebssystem DOS für Intel 8086/8088 von Fa. Seattle Computer
Products entwickelt, später von Microsoft erworben.
Erster Jugendprogrammier-Wettbewerb der GI.
Erster Home-Computer: Sinclair ZX-80, für rund 500 DM.
Sony führt die 3,5-Zoll-Diskette ein. In den Folgejahren entwickeln
andere Firmen auch Disketten mit Durchmessern von 3 bis 4 Zoll.
Microsoft bringt Xenix, ein UNIX für PCs, heraus.
Die Universität Karlsruhe erhält eine Siemens 7881 als
zentralen Rechner.
IBM bringt in den USA den IBM-PC heraus mit PC-DOS 1.0
(MS DOS) als wichtigstem Betriebssystem.
In Berlin wird der Chaos Computer Club gegründet.
Xanadu-Projekt von T ED N ELSON, ein Vorläufer des Web.
Die Firma Sun Microsystems wird gegründet, entscheidet sich für
UNIX und baut die ersten Workstations.
J IM C LARK gründet Silicon Graphics, Inc. (SGI)
S COTT E. FAHLMAN, damals Student an der CMU, veröffentlicht den ersten
Grinsling (Smiley, Emoticon) :-).
Beginn des EuNETs, einer der ersten deutschen Internet-Provider,
an der Universität Dortmund.
W ILLIAM G IBSON prägt das Wort Cyberspace.
M ORTON H EILIG präsentiert einen Spielautomaten für Motorradund Auto-Simulationen mit Stereotonfilm, Gebläse, Gerüchen und
vibrierenden Sitzen, echt multimedial, aber erfolglos, da zu teuer.
Die Universität Karlsruhe erhält einen Vektorrechner Cyber 205
und eine Siemens 7865. Die Cyber leistet 400 Mio. Flops.
Beginn des Lokalen Informatiknetzes Karlsruhe (LINK), ab 1984
Xlink, in der Fakultät für Informatik der Universität Karlsruhe.
IBM bringt den PC auf den deutschen Markt.
UNIX kommt als System V von AT&T in den Handel,
die erste Ausgabe der Zeitschrift Computertechnik (c’t) erscheint
(Nr. 12/83 vom Oktober 1983).
Gründung der X/Open-Gruppe.
MS-DOS 2.0 (PC-DOS 2.0) und Novell Netware kommen heraus.
Microsoft Windows wird angekündigt.
Das ARPAnet wechselt von NCP auf TCP/IP.
PAUL V. M OCKAPETRIS veröffentlicht in RFC 882 und 883 das Konzept des DNS.
Der erste Apple Macintosh (128K) und der Hewlett-Packard Thinkjet,
der erste Tintenstrahldrucker, kommen auf den Markt.
GNU-Projekt von R ICHARD M ATTHEW S TALLMAN gegründet.
Der IBM PC/AT mit Prozessor Intel 80 286 und MS-DOS 3.0
kommen heraus.
Siemens steigt in UNIX (Sinix) ein.
Die Universität Karlsruhe wird Email-Relay für Deutschland
zum Computer Science Net (CSNet) in den USA. Als erste Mail
erhält Prof. Z ORN, U. Karlsruhe, einen Gruß vom CSNet.
Entwicklung des X Window Systems am MIT.
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MS-Windows 1.0, IBM 3090 und IBM Token Ring Netz.
XLink an der Universität Karlsruhe stellt als erstes deutsches
Netz eine Verbindung zum nordamerikanischen ARPANET her.
Hewlett-Packard bringt den ersten Laserjet-Drucker heraus.
Weltweit etwa eine halbe Million UNIX-Systeme und
3000 öffentliche Datenbanken.
In den USA nimmt das zivile NFSNET die Arbeit auf.
Mit dem Computer-Investitionsprogramm des Bundes und der
Länder (CIP) kommen mehrere HP 9000/550 unter UNIX an
die Universität Karlsruhe.
Microsoft XENIX (ein UNIX) für den IBM PC/AT
IBM bringt die PS/2-Reihe unter MS-OS/2 heraus.
Weltweit mehr als 5 Millionen Apple Computer und etwa
100 Millionen PCs nach Vorbild von IBM.
Das MIT veröffentlicht das X Window System Version 11 (X11).
In Berkeley wird die RAID-Technologie entwickelt.
Beginn des baden-württembergischen Landeshochschulnetzes BelWue.
J ARKKO O IKARINEN, Finnland, entwickelt den IRC.
Das Karlsruher Campusnetz KARLA wird durch das Glasfasernetz
KLICK ersetzt. VBN-Strecke Karlsruhe - Stuttgart im BelWue-Netz.
Frankreich geht ans Internet (INRIA, Rocquencourt bei Paris).
Gründung der Open Software Foundation (OSF) und der UNIX
International Inc. MS-DOS 4.0 für PCs.
Ein Internet-Wurm namens Morris geht auf die Reise, darauf
hin Gründung des Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERT).
Erster Hoax (2400-baud-Modem-Hoax) im Internet, siehe CIAC.
Erstes landmobiles Satellitensystem für Datenfunk (Inmarsat-C).
Das NFSNET löst das ARPANET als Backbone des Internet ab.
UNIX System V Release 4 vereinheitlicht System V, BSD und Xenix.
Im Rechenzentrum Karlsruhe löst die IBM 3090 die
Siemens 7881 ab. ISDN in Deutschland eingeführt.
Erster deutscher Internet-Direktanschluss via Xlink, Karlsruhe.
Zunehmende Vernetzung, Anschluss an weltweite Netze.
Die Internet Society (ISOC) schätzt das Internet auf 500.000 Knoten.
Das ARPAnet stellt seinen Betrieb ein.
Computer-Kommunikation mittels E-Mail, Btx und Fax vom
Arbeitsplatz aus. Optische Speichermedien (CD-ROM, WORM).
Das Web (URL, HTTP, HTML) von T IMOTHY B ERNERS -L EE und
R OBERT C AILLIAU am CERN in Genf entwickelt.
UNIX System V Version 4.
Die Hardware eines selbstmontierten PCs mit 386/20 kostet 10.000 DM.
Die mittlere Computerdichte in technisch orientierten Instituten und
Familien erreicht 1 pro Mitglied.
Das UNIX-System OSF/1 mit dem Mach-Kernel der CarnegieMellon-Universität kommt heraus.
17. Sep.: Anfang von LINUX (L INUS B ENEDICT T ORVALDS).
Erster Web-Server in den USA: Stanford Linear Accelerator Center.
MS-DOS 5.0 für PCs. Anfänge von Microsoft Windows NT.
Das DE-NIC an der Universität Dortmund gegründet.
IBM, Apple und Motorola kooperieren mit dem Ziel, einen
Power PC zu entwickeln.
Am Neujahrstag stirbt G RACE M URRAY H OPPER, Konteradmiral der
US Navy, wesentlich an der Entwicklung von COBOL beteiligt und
Entdeckerin des ersten Bugs, einer Motte im Mark II der Harvard University.
Die Universität Karlsruhe nimmt den massiv parallelen
Computer MasPar 1216A mit 16000 Prozessoren in Betrieb.
Novell übernimmt von AT&T die UNIX-Aktivitäten (USL).
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FORTRAN 90 verabschiedet.
Eine Million Knoten im Internet. Weltweit etwa 50 Web-Server.
Erster deutscher Web-Server, am DESY in Hamburg.
MS-DOS Version 6.0. Microsoft kündigt Windows-NT an.
DEC stellt PC mit Alpha-Prozessor vor, 150 MHz, 14.000 DM.
Novell tritt das Warenzeichen UNIX an die X/Open-Gruppe ab.
M ARC A NDREESSEN, NCSA, schreibt einen Web-Browser für das
X Window System mit der Möglichkeit, farbige Grafiken darzustellen.
PATRICK V OLKERDING stellt die Linux-Distribution Slackware
zusammen, die erste Distribution von einiger Verbreitung.
I AN M URDOCK, Student an der Purdue University, stellt am 16. August
das Debian-Projekt vor. Gegen Jahresende Debian GNU/Linux Version 0.90.
Das Xlink-Projekt wird aus der Universität Karlsruhe ausgegliedert.
Das CERN gibt die WWW-Technologie allgemein frei.
Weltweit etwa 250 Web-Server.
Das DE-NIC zieht ans Rechenzentrum der Universität Karlsruhe.
Linux 1.0 veröffentlicht.
M ATTHIAS E TTRICH startet das KDE-Projekt.
Das Internet umfasst etwa 4 Mio. Knoten und 20 Mio. Benutzer.
Erste Spam-Mail (Canter + Siegel). Erste Banner-Werbung (Wired).
M ARC A NDREESSEN und J IM C LARK gründen die Firma Netscape.
Kommerzielle Netze lösen in den USA das NFSNET als Backbone ab.
Die X/Open-Gruppe führt die Bezeichnung UNIX 95 für Systeme
ein, die der Single UNIX Specification genügen.
Die Universität Karlsruhe ermöglicht in Zusammenarbeit
mit dem Oberschulamt nordbadischen Schulen den Zugang zum
Internet. Ähnliche Projekte werden auch an einigen anderen
Hoch- und Fachhochschulen durchgeführt.
Die Programmiersprache JAVA wird von Sun veröffentlicht.
Online-Auktionshaus Ebay als Sammlerbörse in den USA gegründet.
Der Webserver Apache Release 1.0 veröffentlicht.
Weltweit etwa 50000 Web-Server.
Die Massen und Medien entdecken das Internet.
Debian GNU/Linux Version 1.1 (buzz) wird veröffentlicht, zum
Jahresende folgt Version 1.2 (rex).
FORTRAN 95, eine revidierte Fassung von FORTRAN 90, fertig.
Intel bringt den Universal Serial Bus (USB) auf den Markt.
Die Open Software Foundation (OSF) und X/Open schließen sich zur
Open Group zusammen.
Fast Ethernet ist erschwinglich geworden, über das Gigabit-Ethernet
wird geredet. In Deutschland gibt es rund 20 Mio. PCs und
1 Mio. Internetanschlüsse (Quelle: Fachverband Informationstechnik).
Debian GNU/Linux Version 1.3 (bo) freigegeben, rund 1000 Pakete.
Single UNIX Specification Version 2 im Web veröffentlicht.
HTML 4.0 vom W3C freigegeben.
Die Xlink Internet Service Gmbh wird eine hundertprozentige Tochter
des niederländisch-amerikanischen Telekommunikationskonzerns KPNQwest,
der 2002 insolvent und aufgelöst wird.
Der Buchversender Amazon meldet ein Patent an dergestalt, dass man
mit einem Mausklick im Internet eine Ware bestellt.
Compaq übernimmt die Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC).
IBM bringt DOS 2000 heraus, Microsoft kündigt Windows 2000 an.
Die Suchmaschine Google Inc. gegründet.
Debian GNU/Linux Version 2.0 (hamm) freigegeben, 1500 Pakete.
KDE 1.0 veröffentlicht. 9-GB-Festplatten kosten 500 DM.
Gigabit-Ethernet-Standard IEEE 802.3z verabschiedet.
Gründung der Bluetooth Special Interest Group durch Ericsson,
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Intel, IBM, Nokia und Toshiba.
J ONATHAN B. P OSTEL, einer der Apostel des Internet und Autor
vieler RFCs, gestorben. Siehe RFC 2441: Working with Jon und
RFC 2468: I Remember IANA.
Das Y2K-Problem – die Jahrtausendwende – beschäftigt die Gemüter,
weil die Programmierer früherer Jahrzehnte mit den Bits knauserten.
Der RFC 2550 löst auch gleich das Y10K-Problem.
Debian GNU/Linux Version 2.1 (slink) kommt heraus.
Betreiber großer Suchmaschinen schätzen die Anzahl der
Web-Seiten weltweit auf 1 Milliarde.
L INUS B. T ORVALDS wird Ehrendoktor der Universität Stockholm.
Das Y2K-Problem hat sich praktisch nicht ausgewirkt.
Den 29. Februar 2000 haben wir auch gut überstanden, einen Schalttag
nach einer Regel, die nur alle 400 Jahre angewendet wird.
Debian GNU/Linux Version 2.2 (potato) kommt heraus, 6500 Pakete.
Microsoft Windows 2000 ist erhältlich. Ein Macro-Virus namens
Love Letter sorgt für Aufregung – außerhalb der Linux/UNIX-Welt.
Der Intel Pentium kommt bei einer Taktfrequenz von 1,5 GHz an.
Zum Jahresende 2 Mio. Internet-Hosts in Deutschland (Quelle: RIPE).
C LAUDE E LWOOD S HANNON gestorben, gilt als Erfinder des Bits
und Begründer der Informationstheorie.
J IMMY D ONAL WALES und L AWRENCE M ARK S ANGER starten
in den USA die Wikipedia, eine internationale Online-Enzyklopädie auf
der Grundlage eines Wikis.
Die SCO (Santa Cruz Operation) verkauft ihre UNIX-Rechte an Caldera Systems,
die sich daraufhin The SCO Group nennt und durch einige Prozesse bekannt wird.
Die Einführung der Euro-Währung führt zu einem neuen Zeichen
in internationalen Zeichensätzen.
Im Herbst befällt der Wurm Slapper zahlreiche Webserver unter Linux.
Debian GNU/Linux Version 3.0 (woody) wird als stabil freigegeben.
Die Distribution umfasst 8700 Pakete.
PCs werden zunehmend ohne Floppy-Laufwerk ausgeliefert.
Ubuntu Linux, ein Debian-Derivat, erscheint erstmals.
Politische Überlegungen, die Patentierung von Software zuzulassen,
bedrohen die Open Source Welt.
Anfang Juni wird Debian GNU/Linux Version 3.1 (sarge) nach reiflicher
Überlegung als stabil freigegeben und löst 3.0r6 (woody) ab;
die Distribution umfasst rund 15.000 Pakete. Woody wird damit
zur Old-stable-Version, etch rückt zur Testing-Version auf.
In Frankfurt (M) findet die Wikimania 2005 statt, die erste internationale
Wikimedia-Konferenz.
Die deutsche Wikipedia nähert sich der Marke von 300.000 Einträgen.
Internet-Telefonie (Voice over IP) ist stark im Kommen.
Prof. K ARL S TEINBUCH gestorben.
Ende des Jahres kommt X11R7 heraus.
Der weltweit leistungsfähigste Rechner – ein IBM Blue Gene – läuft
unter einem Linux (Quelle: http://www.top500.org/).
Die englische Wikipedia überschreitet die Marke von 1,5 Mio. Einträgen,
die deutsche 500.000, die französische 400.000, die japanische und
die polnische 300.000, die schwedische, italienische, niederländische
und portugiesische 200.000.
Laut http://www.netcraft.com/ sind die am häufigsten
besuchten Websites Google, Yahoo, Microsoft, BBC, CNN, Ebay,
Fox News, Amazon und Wikipedia.
Das Deutsche Forschungsnetz nimmt das X-Win in Betrieb, eine
Netzinfrastruktur mit Anschlüssen bis zu 10 Gigabit/s und
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43 Kernstandorten.
Mitte des Jahres gibt es 10 Mio. Einträge unter der Top Level Domain
.de, sie ist damit weltweit nach .com die zweitumfangreichste.
Debian stellt den Sicherheitssupport für woody ein und
erklärt zu Ostern die Version 4.0 (etch) mit Kern 2.6.18
als stabil.
Apple Inc. erwirbt CUPS von Easy Software Products.
Im Sommer überschreitet die deutschsprachige Wikipedia die Marke von
600.000 Einträgen, der RFC 5001 wird veröffentlicht.
Die FSF veröffentlicht die Version 3 der GNU GPL und der GNU LGPL.
The SCO Group (siehe 2001) beantragt Insolvenz nach Chapter 11.
Nach der Statistik von www.top500.org vom November setzen 426 der 500
schnellsten Rechner weltweit ein Linux-Betriebssystem ein. Bei den
Herstellern führt IBM vor Hewlett-Packard und Dell, bei den Ländern
die USA vor dem UK und Deutschland.
Im Januar überschreitet die deutschsprachige Wikipedia die Marke von
700.000 Einträgen und ist nach der englischen die zweitgrößte.
AOL stellt Entwicklung und Vertrieb des Web-Browsers Netscape ein.
Im Februar weiht das Forschungszentrum Jülich einen Supercomputer vom Typ
IBM Blue Gene ein, der der schnellste zivil genutzte Rechner der Welt ist.
Die Kiste ist nicht nur schnell, sondern geht auch sparsam mit der Energie um.