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Technical Bulletin
Handling, Inspecting and Fabricating
Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass
ATS-183
2013-01-14
Summary
Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective (A/R) Glass has a hard coating of thin, clear, permanent,
pyrolytically formed, Silica and Tin Oxide layers on one surface. This coating reduces the
normal reflection of a glass-to-air interface from 4% to about 1%.
Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass is intended to be fabricated with two coated plies in
a laminated light. The resulting laminate with the A/R coatings on laminate surfaces #1 and #4,
will reduce the 8% reflection of single, clear, non-coated glass to a visible light reflectance of
about 2%. Note: there is no visible reflection from laminate surfaces #2 and #3 because they
are in contact with the interlayer material (pvb or other) which has a refractive index very
similar to that of glass.
The A/R coating has a reduced emissivity value of 0.46. Using it on the four surfaces of an
insulating glass (IG) unit gives the same U-Factor improvement as applying a single coating of
Pilkington Energy Advantage™ Low-E Glass. The Pilkington OptiView™ coating is smoother,
but it is not quite as tough as Pilkington Energy Advantage™ Low-E Glass.
GLASS HANDLING
The coating is slightly rougher, on a microscopic scale, than the surface of non-coated glass,
but is not as rough as the surface of Pilkington Energy Advantage™ Low-E Glass, so the
common practice of detecting the pyrolytic coated surface with finger tips or finger nails, will
not be as reliable for detecting the Pilkington OptiView™ coating.
Coated surface identification is best performed with a hand held, non-contact, meter such as
the “ETEKT +” Model AE 1600 from EDTM at 419 861 1030 or www.edtm.com . The
Pilkington OptiView™ coating has a low emittance, electrically conductive property which that
meter can detect. However there is a non-conductive Silica top layer on the coating which
prevents its detection by simple circuit-continuity low-e testers in contact with the top surface.
Pilkington North America, Inc.
811 Madison Avenue, Toledo, Ohio 43604-5684
Telephone 800 221 0444 Fax 419 247 451
ATS-183
Fabricating Pilkington OptiView™
2013-01-14
Page 2
The “ETEKT +” meter detects the coated surface of non-laminated, 3 mm or 6 mm
Pilkington OptiView™ by a capacitance effect. When all 3 lights are lit, the detector is touching
the coated surface. If only the yellow light is on, then the detector is touching the glass side.
Care should be taken to avoid unnecessary or excessive contact with the coated surface of
Pilkington OptiView™. Avoid contaminating the coated surface with cutting oils or finger prints
after it has been properly cleaned. Such marks, while not permanent or damaging, are more
visible than on non-coated glass and should not be present on the finished, installed product.
Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass should be cut, washed, heat treated, and generally
processed, where possible, with the coated surface facing up to avoid unnecessary contact with
other materials.
INSPECTION
It is the responsibility of the fabricator to carefully inspect Pilkington OptiView™, both before
and after washing, and after any further fabrication. Glass not rejected by the fabricator during
inspection prior to fabrication will be considered acceptable by Pilkington.
Pilkington OptiView™ should be inspected in transmitted and reflected light, from the coated
side of the lite.
When viewed in transmitted light, there should be a bright, uniform, diffused light (similar to an
overcast sky) behind the glass. The objects in reflection (walls, ceilings, etc.) behind the viewer
or inspector should be dark color or mat black and should have low level illumination on them
to minimize masking reflections.
A critical close-up inspection can also be made using a hand held reflector flood light on an
extension cord behind the glass, shining towards the inspector, whose eyes are just in shade
from a direct line of sight with the bulb. This simulates direct sunlight conditions. This technique
can often uncover marks from non-damaging contact with sucker cups, etc., which would only
be visible in direct sunlight.
When viewed in reflection, the glass should be placed in front of a uniform, dark background
(black velvet cloth is particularly effective) to minimize transmitted images, and the reflected
image of a uniform diffuse light source or brightly illuminated white wall or screen (similar to an
overcast sky) should be visible in reflection to the inspector.
UNPACKING
Pilkington OptiView™ is shipped in either standard cases or stoces. Like other Pilkington glass
products, the glass surfaces are protected with an interleaving material between the individual
lights to resist moisture staining and abrasions.
Pilkington OptiView™ should never be removed from cases which have been only end-opened,
since sliding glass surfaces past each other may damage the coating or the glass surface.
Pilkington OptiView™ can be handled with suction cups, though it is preferable to apply
suction cups to the glass side rather than the coated side. The cups must be clean and dry to
Pilkington North America, Inc.
811 Madison Avenue, Toledo, Ohio 43604-5684
Telephone 800 221 0444 Fax 419 247 4517
ATS-183
Fabricating Pilkington OptiView™
2013-01-14
Page 3
prevent damage to or marking of the coating. The cups should not be slid across the coated
surface.
CUTTING
Stock Sheets
The fabricator is responsible for cutting stock sheets to eliminate imperfections from the
finished cut size piece.
Standard procedures used in cutting 1/8” (3 mm) and 1/4” (6 mm) float glass should be
practiced. All stock sheet edges must be trimmed a minimum of 1” (25 mm) to obtain a cleancut edge. Special care should be exercised in cutting to avoid sliding tools over the coated
surface.
Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass should be cut with the coated side up to eliminate
coating damage that could result from glass particles on the cutting table, especially when using
free-fall cutting table techniques.
Cutting oils should be light, evaporating lubricants such as "Low Odor Base Solvent" No. 529-66
available from Ashland Chemical, Charlotte, NC, phone: 800 522 1409. Keep the quantity of
cutting oil to an absolute minimum to reduce contamination from gloves and to allow easier
washing of the coated surface.
INTERNAL TRANSPORT
Mobile harp racks and other internal transport systems must have their surfaces cleaned
regularly where contact will be made with the Pilkington OptiView™ coating.
WASHING
Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass has a hard and durable pyrolytic coating. As with
any coated glass product, care should be taken while washing the glass to prevent damage to
the coating.
Mechanical Washing
Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass should be washed, with the coating side up, in a
rotating drum brush flat glass washing and drying machine. Pilkington recommends using a
detergent solution of hot, 120-140F, (50-60C) clean water and a commercial detergent
designed for glass washing. The final rinsing should be with clean deionized water heated to at
least 110F (43C). As with all washing machines, either the water should be changed on a
routine basis or a continuous overflow system should be used. Drying air should be filtered and
directed in such a manner so as not to leave water droplets on the glass surfaces.
Polypropylene brush rolls are recommended for glass washing machines. If nylon brushes are
used, care must be given to proper brush adjustment to avoid the possibility of surface
Pilkington North America, Inc.
811 Madison Avenue, Toledo, Ohio 43604-5684
Telephone 800 221 0444 Fax 419 247 4517
ATS-183
Fabricating Pilkington OptiView™
2013-01-14
Page 4
damage. When selecting the proper brush for washing Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective
Glass, the fabricator should consider that polypropylene brushes usually have a lower coefficient
of friction, and are softer, and more flexible than nylon.
Never allow the glass to remain stationary under the rotating brushes.
It is recommended that a test light be run through the washer before starting production. The
glass should be inspected, in transmission and in reflection, and then with a bright spotlight
close to the coated surface to determine if brush and/or air drying adjustments are needed. If
abrasive materials are trapped in any washing implement, abrasion damage to the glass can
occur.
Hand Washing
Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass can be cleaned and maintained by hand washing
with non-abrasive cleaners. For hand washing Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass, a
mild detergent and water solution is recommended. Uniformly apply the solution to the glass
and wash with a clean, soft cloth, sponge, or pad. Rinse thoroughly with clean water and wipe
or squeegee dry immediately. Make sure no metal parts of the cleaning equipment touch the
coated glass surface, and that no abrasive particles are trapped between the glass and the
cleaning materials. Do not use harsh chemical cleaners, abrasives, steel wool, or razor blades
on the Pilkington OptiView™ coated surface. See ATS Bulletin #182 “Hand Cleaning
Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass” for further details.
LAMINATING
Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass is intended to be laminated with A/R coatings on
both outer surfaces (laminate surfaces #1 and #4 of a 2 glass ply laminate). The A/R coating
is never placed against the pvb interlayer because there are no visible reflections from that
interface.
Normal laminating, autoclave or cast-in-place resin, procedures can be used.
Note that the waffle or diamond pattern on rubber covered lamination pressure rolls, for deairing the sandwich prior to autoclaving, can leave a faint imprint if they are not clean. Such
marks may only be visible in direct sunlight or equivalent inspection light. See washing and
spotlight inspection instructions above.
Take care not to slide the coated surface across conveyor rollers to prevent creating temporary
or permanent surface marks in the coating.
HEAT TREATMENT: Heat Strengthening, Tempering, Bending
Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass can be heat-strengthened, fully tempered or bent,
after it is cut to size. Pilkington recommends that Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass
be properly cleaned and dried prior to heat-treating. Clean cotton or cloth gloves should be
Pilkington North America, Inc.
811 Madison Avenue, Toledo, Ohio 43604-5684
Telephone 800 221 0444 Fax 419 247 4517
ATS-183
Fabricating Pilkington OptiView™
2013-01-14
Page 5
used at this stage to prevent hand or finger prints, which could be burnt into the surface during
heat-treating. The coated surface must be visibly clean before entering the heat treatment
furnace. The Anti-Reflective coating should be facing up when heat-treating in a horizontal
furnace to minimize the chance of coating marking or damage.
If the furnace rollers are clean, and there is no skidding or sliding of the glass, especially when
the rollers reverse direction, then the glass can be processed with the coating down. This
orientation will be necessary if frit is being applied to the glass surface. Spot light inspection
(see above) is recommended after processing with the coating down against the rollers to
ensure there are no deposits or marks from roller surfaces.
Overheating Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass can damage the coating and its AntiReflective property. If excessive distortion or coating damage is experienced, a cooler glass
temperature during the heat-treating process will be required. Note: at no time should the
glass temperature exceed 1184F (640C).
If the fabricator is experienced at heat-treating Pilkington ¼” (6 mm) Clear Float glass, those
furnace and quench settings make an excellent starting point for the processing of
Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass test lights.. The effective radiant temperature of
the furnace will determine the actual heat transfer to the glass. Individual furnaces will have
different heating characteristics.
The first piece of tempered Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass processed should be
examined for break pattern and distortion immediately after it has cooled down. Remember
that the rate of feeding cold glass (singly or in continuous batches) into a hot furnace will have
more effect on the glass temperature reached in the heating cycle than will the presence or
absence of the Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass coating.
Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass has a reduced hemispherical emissivity value of
0.46 as compared to 0.84 for non-coated glass, or 0.15 for Pilkington Energy Advantage™
Low-E Glass. This will have a slight effect in the furnace section where the glass top surface
can run cooler because of some radiant heat reflection. If this causes temporary warping or
„dishing‟ during heat-up it can be countered by increasing top heat, reducing bottom heat, or
by inverting the glass and running it with the coating down on the rollers. A slight (~5%)
increase in furnace cycle time, compared to that used for equal thickness clear glass, may be
needed if the coating is facing upwards.
If the fabricator has no previous experience heat treating glasses, Pilkington recommends a
tempering furnace setting of approximately 1240F (670C) and a heating cycle time of 240
seconds as the starting point for ¼” (6 mm) thick Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass
test lights. Since each furnace is unique, furnace time and/or temperature adjustments will be
required.
Sample lights of tempered Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass should be tested to
ensure compliance to applicable safety standards and re-inspected for distortion prior to
starting production. Confirmation that tempered Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass
will meet or exceed all applicable safety glazing standards is the responsibility of the fabricator.
Pilkington North America, Inc.
811 Madison Avenue, Toledo, Ohio 43604-5684
Telephone 800 221 0444 Fax 419 247 4517
ATS-183
Fabricating Pilkington OptiView™
2013-01-14
Page 6
Note that under certain daylight conditions, heat-treated (tempered or heat strengthened)
glass can often show a soft dappled shadow pattern from the furnace quench air, especially
when viewed at an angle in polarized light (see ATS #157 for details). This is simply an
indication of the stresses created by the heat treatment process and is not a defect in the
product. This same pattern is often visible in all heat treated glasses, coated or not.
The furnace settings for bending processes can initially be the same as those for clear, noncoated glass of the same thickness.
INSULATING GLASS
When Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass is used in insulating glass units no edge
deletion of the coating is required. The coated side of Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective
Glass has been found to be compatible with all the major insulating glass sealants tested. The
fabricator of Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass has the ultimate responsibility of
testing to ensure that the proper sealant is used for each application. Specific questions
concerning compatibility should be directed to, and confirmed with, the individual sealant
manufacturers. Once the insulating glass unit is made, care should be taken to ensure the
coated surface is protected from sealant contamination or from being scratched.
PACKING FOR TRANSPORTATION
Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass should be separated from contact with adjacent
glass by using paper interleaving or small cork tabs around the glass perimeter.
MOCK-UP CONSTRUCTION
The construction of a full-scale mock-up is recommended, where the glass can be examined
from both sides in transmission and reflection in typical lighting conditions. A full-size mock-up,
including both vision and spandrel glass when applicable, should be constructed and viewed on
site, representing the proposed building location and viewing geometry. It should be approved
prior to final glass production. This will show the final installed appearance of the glass far
better than viewing small hand held samples under non-typical lighting conditions.
QUALITY SPECIFICATIONS
Standards
Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass meets the quality requirements of the current
edition of ASTM C 1376 “Standard for Reflective Coated Glass”.
When viewed in reflection or transmission, as described above, from a distance of 10 feet (3
m), cut size lights will not have objectionable, bands, streaks or color differences as detailed in
ASTM C 1376.
Pilkington North America, Inc.
811 Madison Avenue, Toledo, Ohio 43604-5684
Telephone 800 221 0444 Fax 419 247 4517
ATS-183
Fabricating Pilkington OptiView™
2013-01-14
Page 7
Uniformity
At a viewing distance of 10 feet (3m), it is acceptable for some mottling or streaking of the
coating to appear. Slight differences between adjacent lights may be visible.
Pinholes
There shall be no single visible spots on the coating greater than 3/32” (2.4 mm) diameter in
the outer area, or greater than 1/16” (1.6 mm) dia. in the central area.
There shall be no more than two readily apparent blemishes in a 3” (75 mm) dia. circle, or no
more than five in a 12” (300 mm) dia. circle.
Scratches
When viewed from a distance of 10 feet (3m), visible scratches longer than 3” (75 mm) shall
not be allowed in the normal viewing area.
Quality Standard of Base Glass
The base glass shall meet the requirements for “glazing select” quality in ASTM C 1036.
Optical Properties of Pilkington OptiView™ Anti-Reflective Glass
Optical properties may be found in the current edition of the Pilkington Architectural Product
Guide and on the Pilkington website at www.pilkington.com ; click on „USA‟ on the World Map
on the Home Page.
Contact Pilkington North America, Inc. Architectural Technical Services, tel: 419 247 4448 for
further information.
S
f
The information contained in this bulletin is offered for assistance in the application of
Pilkington North America Inc. flat glass products, but IT DOES NOT CONSTITUTE A
WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
Actual performance may vary in particular applications.
Pilkington North America, Inc.
811 Madison Avenue, Toledo, Ohio 43604-5684
Telephone 800 221 0444 Fax 419 247 4517