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Medical
Technology
History
Katrina Christiansen
Allie Wilke
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1957 – William Grey Walter invents the brain EEG topography
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1968 - Powered Prothesis - Samuel Alderson
Is the recording of electrical activity along the scalp
1958 - Pacemaker - Rune Elmqvist
Medical device that uses electrical impulses, to regulate the beating of the
heart
An artificial device extension that replaces a missing body parts, using
mechanical devices with human muscle, skeleton, and nervous systems to
assist or enhance motor control
1900s
• 1903 - Willem Einthoven discovers electrocardiography
(ECG/EKG)
• Interpretation of the electrical activity of the heart over a period
of time, as detected by electrodes attached to the outer surface of
the skin and recorded by a device external to the body
• 1943 – Willem J. Kolff build the first dialysis machine
• Process for removing waste and excess water from the blood,
and is used primarily to provide an artificial replacement for lost
kidney function in people with renal failure
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1946 - Chemotherapy - Alfred G. Gilman and
Louis S. Goodman
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The treatment of cancer with one or more cytotoxic
antineoplastic drugs
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1947 - Defibrillator - Claude Beck
Delivering a therapeutic dose of electrical energy
to the affected heart
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1965 – First commercial ultrasound
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1971 - Magnetic Resonance Imaging - Raymond Vahan
Damadian
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Medical imaging technique used in radiology to visualize
internal structures of the body in detail
Cyclic sound pressure wave with a frequency greater than the
upper limit of the human hearing range
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1971 - Computed Tomography (CT or CAT Scan) Godfrey Hounsfield
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Medical imaging procedure that utilizes computer-processed
X-rays to produce tomographic images or 'slices' of specific
areas of the body
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1973 - Laser Eye Surgery (LASIK) - Mani Lal Bhaumik
A laser to reshape the eye's cornea in order to improve visual
acuity
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1985 - Surgical Robot - Dr Yik San Kwoh
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1985 - Capsule Endoscopy - Tarun Mullick
Use robotic systems to aid in surgical procedures,
open surgery easier
Record images of the digestive tract for use in
medicine. The capsule is the size and shape of a
pill and contains a tiny camera
2000s
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2001 - Telesurgery - Jacques Marescaux
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2007 - Visual prosthetic (bionic eye) Argus II
Remote surgery combines elements of robotics, cutting edge
communication technology such as high-speed data
connections and elements of management information
systems
An experimental visual device intended to restore functional
vision in those suffering from partial or total blindness
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Future
Scientists from Northwestern University, in Chicago are
working on having feeling in prostheses
iSpO2 is a consumer pulse oximeter that connects to
most Apple i-devices and comes with a sensor that you
slip on to your ring finger for immediate oxygen, pulse
rate, and perfusion index readings.
Dr. Dennis Filips was inspired -- by a simple hair clip -to design a medical clamp that can stop traumatic
wound bleeding in a matter of seconds
Iphone app that can take your temperature
Sources
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http://www.engadget.com/2009/04/07/video-da-vinci-si-robotic-system-wants-to-be-your-surgeon/
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http://brainbender.blogspot.com/2007/07/custom-lasix.html
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http://aletheastory.wordpress.com/2010/10/09/ct-scans-suck/
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http://dammnedajay.wordpress.com/
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http://lauramenenberg.wordpress.com/tag/ultrasound/
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http://lauramenenberg.wordpress.com/tag/ultrasound/
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http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2011/dec/06/cancer-patients-welfare-work-tests
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_medicine_and_medical_technology
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http://news.cnet.com/8300-27083_3-247-1.html