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English Renaissance
1485-1660
A time of “rebirth”
Two


periods:
The Elizabethan (1485-1603)
The Jacobean (1603-1660)
Elizabeth Period
Five





monarchs
Henry VII (1485-1509)
Henry VIII (1509-1547)
Edward VI (1547-1553)
Mary I (1553-1558)
Elizabeth I (1558-1603)
The term “Elizabethan Period”
Ruled
longer than any other monarch
during the Renaissance.
Attained
new dominance and
appreciation in world affairs, in art, in
literature, and in music.
The term “Jacobean Period”
Elizabeth
left no heirs, no children
Succeeded by the son of her cousin
Mary, Queen of Scots: James IV of
Scotland
He became King James I of England
Ruled from 1603-1625
King James I
New
Humanism
way of looking at the world
Questioning of authority and faith
Rise of rationalism and skepticism
Emphasis from religious to secular
matters
Great thinkers: Erasmus and More
Renaissance beginning
Began
in Italy in fourteenth century,
1300’s.
Was a time of rebirth of intellectual
and artistic energies that
characterized and copied Ancient
Greek and Roman civilizations.
Beginnings (Continued)
Famous
Italians
Petrach, writer
 Giotto, painter
 Brunelleschi, architect
 Donatello, sculptor
 Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and
Raphael, artists and inventors

Lorenzo de Medici
(Lorenzo the Magnificent)
Encouraged
intellectual trends and
artistic accomplishments
Encouraged the goals of Renaissance
Humanism
Emphasized the capacities of the
human mind and the achievement of
human culture
Other Renaissance accomplishments in the world
Territorial exploration and discovery
Columbus in 1492
Sir Thomas More, center of an active
and
brilliant circle of English Humanists
More’s Utopia (1516), first literary
masterpiece of the English Renaissance
Copernicus and Galileo, forerunners of
modern astronomy
Protestant Reformation
Martin
Luther, Ninety-Five Theses,
Wittenberg, Germany
King Henry VIII, not allowed a
divorce by Pope
Anglican church, Church of England,
ruled by Henry VIII.
Succession after Henry VIII
Edward
VI, nine-year-old son
Death after five years
Half-sister Mary, Queen of
Scots (daughter of Henry and
Catherine of Aragon)
Half-Spanish and a devout
Catholic
Reign of terror (“Bloody Mary”)
Succession (Continued)
Mary’s
death after five years (1558)
Half-sister Elizabeth I (daughter of
Henry and Anne Boleyn)
Twenty-five
Accomplished linguist and poet
Clever diplomat and shrewd politician
Most powerful nation
Defeat
of the Spanish Armada in
1588
Smaller and more maneuverable ships
Storm
Control of the seas
Entertainment
First
public theater near London in
1576
Closing of theaters in 1593-94
because of plague
Public outcry; reopening of theaters
King James I
Jacobean Era
1603-1625
King
James I
King James version of The Holy Bible
Puritans, dissenting beliefs
End of Jacobean Era
Death
in 1625
Ascension of King James I’s son Charles
Civil war
Puritan movement
King Charles I
End of Jacobean Era
(continued)
Beheading
of Charles I
Military dictatorship
1653-1658
“Restoration” of the monarchy
Return
of Charles II as king (1660)
Election of Parliament
Beginning of new era
King Charles II
References








Adventures in English Literature (1985). United States: Harcourt, Brace
Jovanovich Inc. 99-118.
Commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Holbein-erasmus2.jpg
Commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Lorenzo_il__Magnifico
En.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_i_of_england
The Renaissance 1485-1660. Elements of Literature Sixth Course (1993).
United States: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. 165-186.
The Renaissance 1485-1660. Elements of Literature Sixth Course (2000).
United States: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. 190-212.
Unit 3: The Renaissance (1485-1660). McDougal, Littel Literature Purple
Level (1985). Evanston, IL: McDougal, Littel.
College Notes (1967) and common knowledge
*I have been using these notes since the mid-eighties with modifications over the
course of time! All slides created by JB Hale.
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