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English Renaissance
A time of “rebirth”
The Elizabethan (1485-1603)
The Jacobean (1603-1660)
Elizabeth Period
Henry VII (1485-1509)
Henry VIII (1509-1547)
Edward VI (1547-1553)
Mary I (1553-1558)
Elizabeth I (1558-1603)
The term “Elizabethan Period”
longer than any other monarch
during the Renaissance.
new dominance and
appreciation in world affairs, in art, in
literature, and in music.
The term “Jacobean Period”
left no heirs, no children
Succeeded by the son of her cousin
Mary, Queen of Scots: James IV of
He became King James I of England
Ruled from 1603-1625
King James I
way of looking at the world
Questioning of authority and faith
Rise of rationalism and skepticism
Emphasis from religious to secular
Great thinkers: Erasmus and More
Renaissance beginning
in Italy in fourteenth century,
Was a time of rebirth of intellectual
and artistic energies that
characterized and copied Ancient
Greek and Roman civilizations.
Beginnings (Continued)
Petrach, writer
 Giotto, painter
 Brunelleschi, architect
 Donatello, sculptor
 Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and
Raphael, artists and inventors
Lorenzo de Medici
(Lorenzo the Magnificent)
intellectual trends and
artistic accomplishments
Encouraged the goals of Renaissance
Emphasized the capacities of the
human mind and the achievement of
human culture
Other Renaissance accomplishments in the world
Territorial exploration and discovery
Columbus in 1492
Sir Thomas More, center of an active
brilliant circle of English Humanists
More’s Utopia (1516), first literary
masterpiece of the English Renaissance
Copernicus and Galileo, forerunners of
modern astronomy
Protestant Reformation
Luther, Ninety-Five Theses,
Wittenberg, Germany
King Henry VIII, not allowed a
divorce by Pope
Anglican church, Church of England,
ruled by Henry VIII.
Succession after Henry VIII
VI, nine-year-old son
Death after five years
Half-sister Mary, Queen of
Scots (daughter of Henry and
Catherine of Aragon)
Half-Spanish and a devout
Reign of terror (“Bloody Mary”)
Succession (Continued)
death after five years (1558)
Half-sister Elizabeth I (daughter of
Henry and Anne Boleyn)
Accomplished linguist and poet
Clever diplomat and shrewd politician
Most powerful nation
of the Spanish Armada in
Smaller and more maneuverable ships
Control of the seas
public theater near London in
Closing of theaters in 1593-94
because of plague
Public outcry; reopening of theaters
King James I
Jacobean Era
James I
King James version of The Holy Bible
Puritans, dissenting beliefs
End of Jacobean Era
in 1625
Ascension of King James I’s son Charles
Civil war
Puritan movement
King Charles I
End of Jacobean Era
of Charles I
Military dictatorship
“Restoration” of the monarchy
of Charles II as king (1660)
Election of Parliament
Beginning of new era
King Charles II
Adventures in English Literature (1985). United States: Harcourt, Brace
Jovanovich Inc. 99-118.
The Renaissance 1485-1660. Elements of Literature Sixth Course (1993).
United States: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. 165-186.
The Renaissance 1485-1660. Elements of Literature Sixth Course (2000).
United States: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. 190-212.
Unit 3: The Renaissance (1485-1660). McDougal, Littel Literature Purple
Level (1985). Evanston, IL: McDougal, Littel.
College Notes (1967) and common knowledge
*I have been using these notes since the mid-eighties with modifications over the
course of time! All slides created by JB Hale.
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