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Transcript
Nov/Dec 2015
4 REASONS
W
e’ve all been there before: a hot meal
has been prepared and the aroma fills
your home. Your appe te grows from the dinner me scents, but yours aren’t the only senses
to be s rred. You sit down at the dinner table
and beneath you, wai ng longingly beside your
chair as you eat, is your loyal friend, your best
buddy: your pet. He’s giving you his strongest
pair of “puppy dog eyes.” He’s doing a great job
of pleading his own case. You’re just about to
give in, because why not? You run through a list
of reasons why giving your pet table scrapes
seems like a good idea: I should reward him for
being a good boy. He’ll love me even more if I
give him some of my own meal. You only live
once. But in this misplaced affec on lies several
dangers that are simply best to avoid. So next
me you’re at the dinner table, consider these
few things:
mouth, esophagus, windpipe, stomach or the
intes nes (which can cause a blockage, and
o/en mes requires surgery to be repaired).
Cons pa on can also result from ea ng bone
fragments. Your pet may have a hard me passing the bone fragments because they’re very
sharp and they scrape the inside of the large
intes ne. Bones also contain lots of calcium,
which is very firming to the stool. Lastly, peritoni s, a difficult-to-treat bacterial infec on can
result when bone fragments poke holes in your
dog’s stomach or intes nes.
Kidney Failure. Large amounts of salt can produce excessive thirst and urina on, or even
sodium ion poisoning in pets. Signs that your
pet may have eaten too many salty foods include vomi ng, diarrhea, depression, tremors,
elevated body temperature, seizures and even
The danger of bones. The cooking process death. In other words, keep those salty chips to
makes bones more bri+le, increasing the likeli- yourself!
hood they might splinter and cause internal
injury to your dog. Cooking can also remove the Over s mula on. Chocolate, coffee, caffeine:
nutri on contained in bones. In addi on, bones each of these products all contain substances
in human meals can cause broken teeth in dogs. called methylxanthines, which are found in
Bones have also been known to get stuck in the cacao seeds, the fruit of the plant used to make
coffee and in the nuts of an extract used in
some sodas. When ingested by pets, methylxanthines can cause vomi ng and diarrhea,
pan ng, excessive thirst and urina on, hyperacvity, abnormal heart rhythm, tremors, seizures
and even death. Note that darker chocolate is
more dangerous than milk chocolate. White
chocolate has the lowest level of methylxanthines, while baking chocolate contains the
highest.
Inability to digest. Onions, garlic, chives: These
vegetables and herbs can cause gastrointes nal
irrita on and could lead to red blood cell damage.
Although cats are more suscep ble, dogs are also
at risk if a large enough amount is consumed. An
occasional low dose, such as what might be found
in pet foods or treats, likely will not cause a problem, but we recommend that you do NOT give
your pets large quan es of these foods. Milk can
also prove harmful because pets do not possess
significant amounts of lactase (the enzyme that
breaks down lactose in milk). Milk and other milkbased products can cause diarrhea or other digesve discomfort.
These 10 Household Plants Can Wreck Your Pet:
Tulips
Oleander
Azaleas
Begonias
Poinsettia “Beware the poinset-
Morning Glory
It’s the bulb of the tulip
and narcissus plants that have the
highest concentration of toxins. This
means: if you have a dog that digs,
be cautious. Or, if you are keeping
bulbs indoors, make sure they are
out of reach.
• Symptoms: Intense gastrointestinal irritation, drooling, loss of appetite, depression of the central nervous system, convulsions and cardiac
abnormalities.
Not only toxic to cats
and dogs, this popular garden staple
is also dangerous for horses, goats
and sheep. Ingestion of just a few
leaves can cause serious problems.
• Symptoms: Acute digestive upset,
excessive drooling, loss of appetite,
frequent bowel movements/diarrhea,
colic, depression, weakness, loss of
coordination, stupor, leg paralysis,
weak heart rate.
tia,” pet-owners have been told ad
nauseam. But guess what, they are
totally over-rated in toxicity! The
ubiquitous holiday decoration may
cause discomfort, but not the alarming panic that has been described.
• Symptoms: Irritating to the mouth
and stomach, sometimes causing
mild vomiting.
Found all around California, Oleander is both pretty and
poisonous. It can severely effect
cats, dogs, and even horses. All
parts of the plant contain a highly
toxic cardiac glycoside that can
cause a number of problems.
• Symptoms: Colic, diarrhea
(possibly bloody), sweating, incoordination, shallow/difficult breathing,
muscle tremors, recumbency, and
possibly death from cardiac failure.
This popular garden
and container plant is toxic to both
dogs and cats. The tubers are the
most toxic part.
• Symptoms: Oral irritation, intense
burning and irritation of mouth,
tongue and lips, excessive drooling,
vomiting, difficulty swallowing.
As gorgeous as
they are harmful morning glories can
cause hallucinations and damage
your pet’s digestive system. Cat nip
is fine, but this trip would be too
much for you kitty cat.
• Symptoms: Gastrointestinal upset,
agitation, tremors, disorientation,
ataxia, anorexia, hallucinations.
Sago Palm
If you live in a temperate region, chances are that you
have sago palms around. They are a
very popular landscaping plant, and
also do double duty as a popular
bonsai choice. They are apparently
very tasty to animals, and unfortunately highly toxic. All parts are poisonous, but especially the seeds.
• Symptoms: Vomiting, melena,
icterus, increased thirst, hemorrhagic
gastroenteritis, bruising, coagulopathy, liver damage, liver failure,
death.
Milkweed
Though the monarch
butterfly is heavily dependent on
milkweed for its livelihood, the plant
can be quite toxic to dogs and cats.
• Symptoms: Vomiting, profound
depression, weakness, anorexia, and
diarrhea are common; may be followed by seizures, difficulty breathing, rapid, weak pulse, dilated pupils,
kidney or liver failure, coma, respiratory paralysis and death.
Aloe Vera
Great for burns, toxic
to cats and dogs. Who knew? If you
keep an aloe plant on hand for
burns, make sure to keep it out of
reach for your pets.
• Symptoms: Vomiting, depression,
diarrhea, anorexia, tremors, change
in urine color.
Lilies
So lovely, so fragrant, so
dangerous to kitties! Members of the
Lilium family are considered to
be highly toxic to cats, even when
very small portions are ingested.
Many types of lily (Tiger, Asian, Japanese Show, Easter, Stargazer, Casa
Blanca) can cause kidney failure in
cats. Curiously, lilies are not toxic to
dogs.
• Symptoms: Kidney failure.
Across
2. Bones trapped in the intestines can
result in a ___________.
4. Known for its balm like qualities on
burned skin, yet can cause vomiting and
tremors in pets.
8. Found in temperate regions, these
plants have become popular landscaping
plants that are often used as a bonsai
choice.
10. Large amounts of salt can produce
excessive ___________ and urination.
11. Onions and garlic can cause gastrointestinal irritation and _____ ______
_____ damage.
Down
1. Caffeine and chocolate contain substances called __________ which can
lead to overstimulation.
3. Bones contain a lot of
_______________ which is very firming
to stool.
5. A ubiquitous holiday decoration that
may cause discomfort when ingested.
6. The cooking process makes bones
more __________.
7. Milkweed is essential to the livelihood
of the ___________ butterfly, but is toxic
to cats and dogs.
9. Many types of lilies can cause
________ failure in cat, yet are not toxic
to dogs.
12. Milk and other milk-based products
can cause _______ and digestive disruption.
Chocolate & Nuts
Ingesting chocolate can result in agitation,
vomiting, diarrhea, high heart rate, tremors,
seizures, and even death. Some nuts can
cause lethargy, fever, vomiting, tremors,
joint stiffness and an inability to walk.
Alcohol & Artificial Sweeteners
Alcohol may cause a host of dangerous
symptoms including coma and seizures.
Artificial sweeteners, such as Xylitol (a
common chemical found in chewing gum)
can cause liver failure and hypoglycemia.
Grapes, Raisins,
Avocados,
Onions & Garlic.
Each can cause lethargy, loss of appetite,
vomiting, and kidney failure.
Holiday Plants
Holly, mistletoe, and poinsettias may cause
irritation, vomiting, diarrhea, and heart arrhythmia in both cats and dogs. Christmas
trees, if not sturdy, can fall and cause harm,
and the water beneath the tree can be full of
harmful fertilizer.
Fatty Trimmings & Bones
Electrical Cords & Packaging
Pets may experience digestive problems,
including diarrhea and vomiting when eating fatty foods. Some foods can even lead
to pancreatitis. Bones can cause perforations and constipation.
If chewed, live electrical cords can cause
burns, difficulty breathing, seizures and
cardiac arrest. Beware of packaging, twist
ties, etc. which are a hazard if swallowed.
Parties & Overstimulation
Holiday Decorations
Some guests may be uncomfortable around
your pets. Your pets might also be uncomfortable around groups of unfamiliar people. Keep a separate quiet place for pets
during your celebrations.
Tinsel, ribbons, and similar decorations can
cause cuts or obstructions in the intestinal
tract.
Courtesy of:
1807 Mar n Luther King Jr. Way
Berkeley, CA 94709
OR...
Phone: (510) 549-1252
Fax: (510) 486-1726
[email protected]
Office Hours:
Find us on Facebook and click on the
“Schedule Now” tab located in the toolbar.
Campus Times Nov/Dec 2015
Follow us
@campus_veterinary
1807 Martin Luther King Jr. Way,
Berkeley, Ca 94709
Courtesy of
Campus Veterinary Clinic
Monday - Friday
7:20 a.m. - 6 p.m.
Saturday
7:20 a.m. - 3 p.m.
Sunday
Closed