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DIGESTIVE SYSTEM – NUTRIENTS AND ORGANS
ORGANS
Mouth
Type of Digestion:
Mechanical or
Chemical or both?
BOTH
CARBOHYDRATES
Disaccharides
Starch
Mechanical only
Mechanical &
chemical.
Type of digestion:
Mechanical only
Mechanical only
Other:
Type of digestion:
Both Mech & Chem
Enzymes:
Produced in Small
Intestines:
Brush Border
enzymes:
Dextrinase
Glucoamylase
Lactase
Sucrase
Maltase
Aminopeptidase
Carboxypeptidase
Dipeptidase
Mechanical only
Mechanical only
Mechanical and
Chemical
Mechanical only
Enzyme: Pepsin
Other: HCl
Enzyme:
Small
Intestine
LIPIDS (FATS)
Product of
chemical digestion
in the mouth:
DISACCHARIDES
Enzyme: amylase
Other: saliva
Stomach
PROTEINS
Product: Smaller
Proteins
Enzyme:
Lactase
Sucrase
Maltase
Enzyme:
Pancreatic Amylase
Dextrinase
Glucoamylase
Enzyme:
Trypsin
Chymotripsin
Carboxypeptidase
Enzyme:
Pancreatic lipase
Peptidase
Product: Glucose
Product: Glucose
Product: Amino
Acids
Product: Fatty
Acids & Glycerol
Enzymes Produced
in Pancreas
delivered to small
intestine:
Pancreatic Amylase
Trypsin
Chymotrypsin
Carboxypepsidases
Lipase
Other: Bile – (not
an enzyme)
Produced in liver,
delivered to small
intestine.
Small Intestine
Carbohydrates
Disaccharides
Carbohydrates
Starch
Proteins
Lipids (Fats)
ACCESSORY ORGANS
ORGANS
CARBOHYDRATES
Disaccharides
PROTEINS
LIPIDS (FATS)
Starch
Liver & Gall
Bladder
Bile acts as an
emulsifier
(detergent) to
break down fats
into smaller fat
droplets.
Enzyme:
Other: Bile
Pancreas
Enzyme:
Enzyme:
Pancreatic Amylase
Dextrinase
Glucoamylase
Enzyme:
Trypsin
Chymotripsin
Carboxypeptidase
Enzyme: Lipase
Breaks down fat
droplets.
Enzymes:
Pancreatic Amylase
Product:
Product:
Disaccharides
Peptidase
Product: Fatty
Acids & Glycerol
Trypsin
Chymotrypsin
Carboxypepsidases
Lipase
Product: Amino
Acids
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