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Institute of Enterprise Collegium of Business Administration (KNoP) Warsaw School of Economics (SGH) Investment attractiveness of regions 2010 Lesser Poland voivodship Hanna Godlewska-Majkowska Patrycjusz Zarębski 2010 Warsaw, October 2010 The profile of regional economy of Lesser Poland voivodship Lesser Poland voivodship is situated in central-southern Poland, it borders on Slovakia. It ia an important region for Polish tourism because of its attractive mountain areas in the south of the voivodship (the Tatra mountains and the Podhale) as well as numerous cultural monuments. Cracow, a former capital of Poland, now its second largest city, plays a particular role for Lesser Poland and for the economy of entire Poland. Lesser Poland stands out in terms of a very high density of population, which is chiefly due to the land fragmentation. The advantages of the voivodship are: - a convenient location in terms of communications: a main transit corridor from Western Europe to the Ukraine (A4 highway), convenient train connection (the European transport corridor TINA III runs through the region); international airport in Kraków-Balice (the second largest airport in Poland); six road border crossings and one railway border crossing in Leluchów, - huge R&D potential of the higher education institutions and research establishments of Cracow among which scientific establishments ranked by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in the highest category constitute a numerous group, - substantial human resources, both low-qualified workers with low wage expectations and well-qualified specialists, - great tourist attractions, in particular UNESCO World Heritage sites deserve a note: The Old Town in Cracow, Auschwitz-Birkenau. German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945), Wieliczka Salt Mine, the Mannerist Architectural and Park Landscape Complex and Pilgrimage Park in Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, wooden churches of southern Lesser Poland in Binarowa, Blizne, Lipnica Murowana, Sękowa) and natural conditions of mountain areas and Carpathian Foothills, - investment incentives for investors offered in special economic zones. Additional information Chart. General characteristics of the economy of Lesser Poland voivodship Feature Lesser Poland voivodship Poland Share [%] Market Potential GDP per capita (PLN/person) Population (persons) 26,456 30,873 - 3,298,270 38,167,329 8.6 41,683 436,549 9.5 20,661 230,244 9.0 684,178 8,492,588 8.1 Human Resources Potential Higher education institutions graduates (persons) Secondary schools graduates (persons) Number of employed persons agriculture 13% industry 31% services 56% agriculture15% industry 31% services 54% Structure of employed persons Investment outlays and capital of companies with foreign capital participation in the voivodship Investment outlays (PLN mln) Capital of companies (PLN mln) 3,589.1 81,607.4 4.4 11,308.0 170,997.1 6.6 Special economic zones (SEZs) in the voivodship - The Katowice SEZ, - The Mielec SEZ, particular location Gorlice, - The Cracow SEZ: particular locations: Słomniki, Zabierzów, Limanowa, Dobczyce, Wolbrom, Oświęcim, Zator, Andrychów, Gdów, Niepołomice, Kraków - Podg/ Kraków - Nowa Huta/ Kraków - Śródmieście, Nowy Sącz, Tarnów. Investment attractiveness Potential investment attractiveness (location-specific advantages evaluation) Real investment attractiveness (economic effects evaluation) National economy class B Capital-intensive industry class B Labour-intensive industry class C Trade class C Tourism class B Financial intermediation class B Business services class B Education class B Trade class C Tourism class C Poviats and gminas distinguished according to the Potential Attractiveness Index for the national economy Poviats Class A Kraków (city), Nowy Sącz (city), Tarnów (city) Class B Class A Chrzanów, Oświęcim, Wieliczka Alwernia (3), Andrychów (3), Bochnia (1), Bolesław (2), Brzesko (3), Brzeszcze (3), Bukowno (1), Chełmek (3), Chrzanów (3), Gorlice (1), Kęty (3), Kłaj (2), Kraków (1), Krynica-Zdrój (3), Libiąż (3), Limanowa (1), Mogilany (2), Niepołomice (3), Nowy Sącz (1), Olkusz (3), Oświęcim (1), Skawina (3), Tarnów (1), Tarnów (2), Trzebinia (3), Wadowice (3), Wieliczka (3), Wielka Wieś (2), Zabierzów (2), Zator (3), Zielonki (2) Gminas** Class B Bochnia (2), Dąbrowa Tarnowska (3), Dębno (2), Dobczyce (3), Grybów (1), Klucze (2), Krzeszowice (3), Lisia Góra (2), Liszki (2), Michałowice (2), Mszana Dolna (1), Muszyna (3), Myślenice (3), Nowy Targ (1), Oświęcim (2), Przeciszów (2), Siepraw (2), Skała (3), Spytkowice (2), Świątniki Górne (3), Tymbark (2), Wierzchosławice (2), Wolbrom (3), Zakopane (1), Żabno (3), Żegocina (2) Remarks on methodology: * class A – the highest attractiveness rank, class B – high attractiveness rank, class C – attractiveness rank above the average. ** (1) – urban gmina, (2) – rural gmina, (3) mixed type (urban-rural) gmina Data on GDP as of 2007, socio-demographic information as of 31.12.2009, other information as of 2008; no more up-to-date data available on 9.02.2011. In 2007 Lesser Poland voivodship made a contribution of 7.4% to the GDP of Poland. The number of inhabitants of the voivodship amounts to 3,298,270 (as of 2009), which makes up 8.6% of the population of Poland. The age structure of Lesser Poland voivodship was as follows: 20.0% of the population at pre-working age, 63.7% at working age and 16.3% at post-working age (for Poland, respectively, 18.9%, 64.5% and 16.5%). In September 2010 the registered unemployment rate in the voivodship amounted to 9.5% whereas in Poland it reached 11.5%.1 The average gross monthly remuneration w enterprises sector in September 2010 amounted to PLN 3,128.69, which is 91.9% of the average remuneration in Poland. The main potential for human capital creation in the voivodship is constituted by 33 higher education institutions in which 2,120.49 thousand students study, which makes up 11.3% of all students Poland-wide. In this voivodship 20.3% of pupils of secondary schools attend basic vocational schools and 48.0% attend technical secondary schools. The voivodship's strategic sectors mentioned in the strategy of regional development include above all: education, higher education, R&D, information society, high-tech industry as well as tourism and culture. 1 The unemployed, the rate of unemployment by voivodships, subregions and poviats (as of late September 2010) according to the Central Statistical Office (GUS).