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Institute of Enterprise
Collegium of Business Administration (KNoP)
Warsaw School of Economics (SGH)
Investment attractiveness
of regions 2010
Lesser Poland voivodship
Hanna Godlewska-Majkowska
Patrycjusz Zarębski
2010
Warsaw, October 2010
The profile of regional economy of Lesser Poland voivodship
Lesser Poland voivodship is situated in central-southern Poland, it borders on Slovakia. It
ia an important region for Polish tourism because of its attractive mountain areas in the south
of the voivodship (the Tatra mountains and the Podhale) as well as numerous cultural
monuments. Cracow, a former capital of Poland, now its second largest city, plays a particular
role for Lesser Poland and for the economy of entire Poland. Lesser Poland stands out in
terms of a very high density of population, which is chiefly due to the land fragmentation.
The advantages of the voivodship are:
- a convenient location in terms of communications: a main transit corridor from Western
Europe to the Ukraine (A4 highway), convenient train connection (the European transport
corridor TINA III runs through the region); international airport in Kraków-Balice (the
second largest airport in Poland); six road border crossings and one railway border
crossing in Leluchów,
- huge R&D potential of the higher education institutions and research establishments of
Cracow among which scientific establishments ranked by the Ministry of Science and
Higher Education in the highest category constitute a numerous group,
- substantial human resources, both low-qualified workers with low wage expectations and
well-qualified specialists,
- great tourist attractions, in particular UNESCO World Heritage sites deserve a note: The
Old Town in Cracow, Auschwitz-Birkenau. German Nazi Concentration and
Extermination Camp (1940-1945), Wieliczka Salt Mine, the Mannerist Architectural and
Park Landscape Complex and Pilgrimage Park in Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, wooden
churches of southern Lesser Poland in Binarowa, Blizne, Lipnica Murowana, Sękowa)
and natural conditions of mountain areas and Carpathian Foothills,
- investment incentives for investors offered in special economic zones.
Additional information
Chart. General characteristics of the economy of Lesser Poland voivodship
Feature
Lesser Poland voivodship
Poland
Share [%]
Market Potential
GDP per capita (PLN/person)
Population (persons)
26,456
30,873
-
3,298,270
38,167,329
8.6
41,683
436,549
9.5
20,661
230,244
9.0
684,178
8,492,588
8.1
Human Resources Potential
Higher education institutions
graduates (persons)
Secondary schools graduates
(persons)
Number of employed persons
agriculture 13%
industry 31%
services 56%
agriculture15%
industry 31%
services 54%
Structure of employed persons
Investment outlays and capital of companies with foreign capital participation in the voivodship
Investment outlays (PLN mln)
Capital of companies (PLN mln)
3,589.1
81,607.4
4.4
11,308.0
170,997.1
6.6
Special economic zones (SEZs) in the voivodship
- The Katowice SEZ,
- The Mielec SEZ, particular location Gorlice,
- The Cracow SEZ: particular locations: Słomniki, Zabierzów, Limanowa, Dobczyce, Wolbrom, Oświęcim,
Zator, Andrychów, Gdów, Niepołomice, Kraków - Podg/ Kraków - Nowa Huta/ Kraków - Śródmieście, Nowy
Sącz, Tarnów.
Investment attractiveness
Potential investment attractiveness (location-specific
advantages evaluation)
Real investment attractiveness (economic effects
evaluation)
National economy class B
Capital-intensive industry class B
Labour-intensive industry class C
Trade class C
Tourism class B
Financial intermediation class B
Business services class B
Education class B
Trade class C
Tourism class C
Poviats and gminas distinguished according to the Potential Attractiveness Index for the national economy
Poviats
Class A
Kraków (city), Nowy Sącz (city), Tarnów (city)
Class B
Class A
Chrzanów, Oświęcim, Wieliczka
Alwernia (3), Andrychów (3), Bochnia (1), Bolesław (2), Brzesko (3), Brzeszcze
(3), Bukowno (1), Chełmek (3), Chrzanów (3), Gorlice (1), Kęty (3), Kłaj (2),
Kraków (1), Krynica-Zdrój (3), Libiąż (3), Limanowa (1), Mogilany (2),
Niepołomice (3), Nowy Sącz (1), Olkusz (3), Oświęcim (1), Skawina (3), Tarnów
(1), Tarnów (2), Trzebinia (3), Wadowice (3), Wieliczka (3), Wielka Wieś (2),
Zabierzów (2), Zator (3), Zielonki (2)
Gminas**
Class B
Bochnia (2), Dąbrowa Tarnowska (3), Dębno (2), Dobczyce (3), Grybów (1),
Klucze (2), Krzeszowice (3), Lisia Góra (2), Liszki (2), Michałowice (2), Mszana
Dolna (1), Muszyna (3), Myślenice (3), Nowy Targ (1), Oświęcim (2), Przeciszów
(2), Siepraw (2), Skała (3), Spytkowice (2), Świątniki Górne (3), Tymbark (2),
Wierzchosławice (2), Wolbrom (3), Zakopane (1), Żabno (3), Żegocina (2)
Remarks on methodology:
* class A – the highest attractiveness rank, class B – high attractiveness rank, class C – attractiveness rank above
the average.
** (1) – urban gmina, (2) – rural gmina, (3) mixed type (urban-rural) gmina
Data on GDP as of 2007, socio-demographic information as of 31.12.2009, other information as of 2008; no
more up-to-date data available on 9.02.2011.
In 2007 Lesser Poland voivodship made a contribution of 7.4% to the GDP of Poland. The
number of inhabitants of the voivodship amounts to 3,298,270 (as of 2009), which makes up
8.6% of the population of Poland. The age structure of Lesser Poland voivodship was as
follows: 20.0% of the population at pre-working age, 63.7% at working age and 16.3% at
post-working age (for Poland, respectively, 18.9%, 64.5% and 16.5%). In September 2010 the
registered unemployment rate in the voivodship amounted to 9.5% whereas in Poland it
reached 11.5%.1 The average gross monthly remuneration w enterprises sector in September
2010 amounted to PLN 3,128.69, which is 91.9% of the average remuneration in Poland.
The main potential for human capital creation in the voivodship is constituted by 33
higher education institutions in which 2,120.49 thousand students study, which makes up
11.3% of all students Poland-wide. In this voivodship 20.3% of pupils of secondary schools
attend basic vocational schools and 48.0% attend technical secondary schools.
The voivodship's strategic sectors mentioned in the strategy of regional development
include above all: education, higher education, R&D, information society, high-tech industry
as well as tourism and culture.
1
The unemployed, the rate of unemployment by voivodships, subregions and poviats (as of late
September 2010) according to the Central Statistical Office (GUS).